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Lee G J GJ Department of Life Science, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, - - 2014
Metabolic organs such as the liver and adipose tissue produce several peptide hormones that influence metabolic homeostasis. Fat bodies, the Drosophila counterpart of liver and adipose tissues, have been thought to analogously secrete several hormones that affect organismal physiology, but their identity and regulation remain poorly understood. Previous studies have ...
Kwon Y-M YM Department of Family Medicine, SamYook Medical Center, Seoul, South - - 2014
We determined the relation between dietary fat intake and bone mineral density, and our study showed that low- as well as high-fat diet was associated with the risk of osteoporosis. Our study provides significant evidence of the specific dietary components that may be important modifiable factors for the prevention of ...
Kutlu M M Department of Physical Education and Sport, Education Faculty, Kırıkkale University - - - 2014
This study examined the changes in hydration status, body composition and body mass alterations during the camping period a pre world championship, World (n=14) and National (n=38) senior wrestlers (n=52) preparing for the World Championships. Urine specific gravity, conductivity and color measurements with, body composition analyses were conducted at the ...
Lerch S S INRA, UMR1213 Herbivores, F-63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France; Clermont Université, VetAgroSup, UMR1213 Herbivores, BP 10448, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France; Université de Lyon, VetAgroSup, UMR1213 Herbivores, F-69280 Marcy l'Etoile, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
During early lactation, milk fatty acid (FA) composition is influenced by diet, animal genetics, and the high availability of preformed FA from body-fat mobilization. Long-term prepartum dietary oilseed supplementation could, therefore, modify milk FA composition postpartum in the subsequent lactation through changes in adipose tissue (AT) FA profile. To test ...
Tanaka Naoki N National Institutes of Health, United - - 2014
White adipose tissue (WAT) functions as an energy reservoir where excess circulating fatty acids are transported to WAT, converted to triglycerides (TG), and stored as unilocular lipid droplets. Fat-specific protein 27 (FSP27, CIDEC in humans) is a lipid-coating protein highly expressed in mature white adipocytes that contributes to unilocular lipid ...
Kim Seul Gi SG Department of Family Medicine, Gachon University Gil Hospital, 21, Namdong-daero 774 beon-gil, Namdong-gu, Incheon 405-760, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and even dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) are used for obesity diagnosis. However, it is not known which DXA-derived index of obesity correlates best with BMI and/or WC and it is not clear whether such an index is accurate or not. The aim of ...
Grønborg I M IM Division of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency and obesity are both prevalent conditions in the northern countries, especially among immigrants. The aims were to assess the possible relationship between body fat and vitamin D status, and to investigate the effect of body fat on the response to oral vitamin D supplementation in Pakistani immigrants ...
Nishiwaki Masato - - 2014
Wearing an activity monitor as a motivational tool and incorporating a behavior-based reward system or a computerized game element might have a synergistic effect on an increase in daily physical activity, thereby inducing body fat reduction. This pilot crossover study aimed to examine the effects of a short-term lifestyle intervention ...
Frignani Renata Rago RR Division of Adolescent Medicine, Centro de Atendimento e Apoio ao Adolescente (CAAA), Department of Pediatrics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To develop reference curves for the body fat index (BFI) in the pediatric population, in adolescents from the city of São Paulo, Brazil, and verify their association with body mass index and body fat percentage. The study is part of the research project "Nutritional Profile of Adolescents from Public and ...
Benton David D Department of Psychology, University of Wales Swansea, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The role played by hydration in general health and well-being is an emerging public health issue, yet there are few tools available to monitor its status in large populations. The aim was therefore to develop a questionnaire that assesses individual differences in the tendency to lose body fluid in a ...
Rodenfels Jonathan J Max-Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics, 01307 Dresden, - - 2014
In Drosophila larvae, growth and developmental timing are regulated by nutrition in a tightly coordinated fashion. The networks that couple these processes are far from understood. Here, we show that the intestine responds to nutrient availability by regulating production of a circulating lipoprotein-associated form of the signaling protein Hedgehog (Hh). ...
Choi Jin - - 2014
This study was designed to test the effects of dietary distillers dried grain (DDG) level on the growth performance, feed utilization, body composition and antioxidant activity of juvenile red seabream (Pagrus major). Six isonitrogenous and isocaloric diets were formulated to contain 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25% DDG from ...
Camara Ce C Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Hubei Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China, - - 2014
This study was aimed to examine the effect of ovariectomy on visceral fat, serum adiponectin levels and lipid profile. Forty-five female Sprague Dawley rats were divided into three groups (n=15 each): ovariectomized group (OVX), ovariectomized plus estrogen-treated group (OVX+E2), and sham-operated group (SHAM). Body weight, abdominal adipose tissues, serum adiponectin ...
Azarin Hajar H Department of Fisheries, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the efficacy of BioPlus 2B, a probiotic containing Bacillus licheniformis and B. subtilis and Ferroin solution on growth performance, body composition and haematological parameters in kutum, Rutilus frisii kutum, fry. The fish were fed dry pellets containing various ratios of probiotics and Ferroin for 60 days ...
Garnett Sarah P - - 2014
BackgroundA higher protein to carbohydrate ratio in the diet may potentiate weight loss, improve body composition and cardiometabolic risk, including glucose homeostasis in adults. The aim of this randomised control trial was to determine the efficacy of two structured lifestyle interventions, differing in dietary macronutrient content, on insulin sensitivity and ...
Orville Singh Chabungbam C Institute of Sericulture and Apiculture, College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, - - 2014
PLA2 enzyme hydrolyzes arachidonic acid, and other polyunsaturated fatty acids, from the sn-2 position to release free arachidonic acid and a lysophospholipid. Previous studies reported that the PLA2 in invertebrate organisms participates in lipid signaling molecules like arachidonic acid release in immune associated tissues like hemocytes and fat bodies. In ...
Kelkenberg Marco M Department of Biology, Chemistry, University of Osnabrück, Osnabrück 49069, - - 2014
In most insects, the peritrophic matrix (PM) partitions the midgut into different digestive compartments, and functions as a protective barrier against abrasive particles and microbial infections. In a previous study we demonstrated that certain PM proteins are essential in maintaining the PM's barrier function and establishing a gradient of PM ...
Ramires Virgílio Viana VV Department of Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Physical activity (PA) practice has been inversely associated to body fat (BF) and recommended as a way to reduce and prevent obesity. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review on the association of PA and BF in adolescence. The review includes 18 longitudinal studies found in ...
Shah Arti D AD Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of California, San Francisco, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
While South Asians have high rates of obesity and kidney disease, little is known about the effect of regional body composition on kidney function. We investigated the association between body composition measures and cystatin C-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFRcysC) in 150 immigrant South Asians. The inverse association between overall ...
Michels Nathalie N Department of Public Health, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185 - 4K3, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
This study aims to analyse the association of European adolescents' ready-to-eat-cereal (RTEC) consumption frequency with their dietary intake by applying the concept of diet quality index and nutritional status. From the multi-centre European HELENA study, relevant data were available in 1,215 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years). RTEC consumption was identified from a food ...
Miglani Neetu N a Department of Food and Nutrition , Punjab Agricultural University , Punjab , - - 2014
The relationship of diet and physical activity with metabolic syndrome (MS) was studied among 60 male and female (40-60 y) urban Indian MS patients. Intake of green leafy vegetables, other vegetables, fruits and milk were significantly (p ≤ .01) associated with reduced fat mass and waist circumference and increased lean ...
Tardivo A P - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of diet alone or combined with omega-3 supplementation on metabolic and inflammatory markers in postmenopausal women with MetS. Methods. This randomized controlled trial included 87 Brazilian women (age ≥45years and amenorrhea ≥12months). Exclusion criteria were: cardiovascular disease, insulin-dependent ...
Deka Rijusmita Sarma RS Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dhemaji, Assam, - - 2014
This study was conducted to determine the effects of inorganic chromium (Cr) on body condition, metabolic responses, lactation performance, and reproductive parameters in periparturient Murrah buffaloes. Twenty-four multiparous advanced pregnant Murrah buffaloes were randomly assigned to four treatment diets. Feeding regimen was the same in all the groups, except that ...
Hodge Melissa G MG Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Drexel University School of Public Health, Philadelphia, - - 2014
This study prospectively investigates associations between youth moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) and body composition in young adult women using data from the Dietary Intervention Study in Children (DISC) and the DISC06 Follow-Up Study. MVPA was assessed by questionnaire on 5 occasions between the ages 8 and 18 years and at ...
Martinez Esteban - - 2014
 It is unclear whether metabolic or body composition effects may differ between protease inhibitor-based regimens recommended for initial treatment of HIV infection.  ATADAR is a phase IV, open-label, multicenter randomized clinical trial. Stable antiretroviral-naive HIV-infected adults were randomly assigned to atazanavir/ritonavir 300/100 mg or darunavir/ritonavir 800/100 mg in combination with ...
Huebbe Patricia P Institute of Human Nutrition and Food Science, University of Kiel, Kiel, - - 2014
Of the three human apolipoprotein E (APOE) alleles, the ε3 allele is most common which may be a result of adaptive evolution. In this study, we investigated whether the APOE genotype affects body weight and energy metabolism through regulation of fatty acid utilization. Targeted replacement mice expressing the human APOE3 ...
Martens E A EA Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Relatively high-protein diets are effective for body weight loss, and subsequent weight maintenance, yet it remains to be shown whether these diets would prevent a positive energy balance. Therefore, high-protein diet studies at a constant body weight are necessary. The objective was to determine fullness, energy expenditure, and macronutrient balances ...
Lackner Nina N Department of Psychiatry, University Clinic for Psychiatry, Medical University Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 31, 8036, Graz, - - 2014
Overweight and obesity differentially affect bipolar disorder (BD) and are associated with a poorer prognosis. Herein, we sought to evaluate body fat distribution in a well-characterized BD sample. Anthropometric measures (i.e., body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio, waist circumference, hip circumference, and lipometry) of 100 BD individuals were compared ...
Jang Hyung-Deok HD Department of Family Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine , Seoul , South Korea - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To examine the associations of various parameters of obesity including adiposity with intraocular pressure (IOP) using nationally representative data of South Korean adults. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed the data from the 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 15,271 subjects (6600 ...
Spindler Stephen R SR Department of Biochemistry, University of California at Riverside, Riverside, California; - - 2014
Mesonordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) extends murine lifespan. The studies reported here describe its dose dependence, effects on body weight, toxicity-related clinical chemistries, and mortality-related pathologies. In flies, we characterized its effects on lifespan, food consumption, body weight, and locomotion. B6C3F1 mice were fed AIN-93M diet supplemented with 1.5, 2.5, 3.5, or ...
Sakamoto Kazuhiro K Laboratory of Nutrition Chemistry, Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Oiwakecho, Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The opioid system plays an important role in ingestive behavior, especially with regard to palatable high-fat or sweetened foods. In the present study, we investigated the role of the opioid system in the regulation of ingestive behavior in mice with regard to dietary fat intake, reinforcement, and particularly the processes ...
Ipema Karin J R KJ Dialysis Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Background: Haemodialysis patients have a high risk of malnutrition which is associated with increased mortality. Nocturnal haemodialysis (NHD) is associated with a significant increase in protein intake compared with conventional haemodialysis (CHD). It is unclear whether this leads to improved nutritional status. Therefore, we studied whether 1 year of NHD ...
Carvalho J C JC Department of Physiological Sciences, Roberto Alcantara Gomes Biology Institute, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Breastfeeding is associated with obesity prevention. We showed previously that prolactin inhibition at the end of lactation causes hyperleptinemia at weaning (PN21) and programs for obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and leptin resistance (PN180). Here, we evaluate the source of neonatal hyperleptinemia and how it develops during the nutritional transition from ...
Karpe Fredrik F 1] Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, Headington OX3 7LE, UK. [2] NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, OUH Trust, Churchill Hospital, Headington OX3 7LE, - - 2014
The distribution of adipose tissue in the body has wide-ranging and reproducible associations with health and disease. Accumulation of adipose tissue in the upper body (abdominal obesity) is associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus and even all-cause mortality. Conversely, accumulation of fat in ...
Bel-Serrat Silvia S Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza,C/Pedro Cerbuna - - 2014
The present study aimed to investigate the relationships between macronutrient intake and serum lipid profile in adolescents from eight European cities participating in the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) cross-sectional study (2006-7), and to assess the role of body fat-related variables in these associations. Weight, height, ...
Fabian Dušan D Institute of Animal Physiology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Košice, Slovakia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of maternal body condition on oocyte quality and zygote production. Additionally, we examined the possible consequences on somatic parameters and behavior of naturally delivered offspring. We used an experimental model based on overfeeding of outbred mice during intrauterine and early postnatal development to produce the ...
Tomotake Hiroyuki H Iida Women's Junior College, Iida, 395-0812, - - 2014
Buckwheat grain have well-balanced nutritional value, whereas its digestibility is relatively low. This review summarizes recent advances in the studies on hypolipidemic activity of buckwheat. The most remarkable function is a powerful hypocholesterolemic activity of buckwheat protein in rats, which is far stronger than that of soy protein. The cholesterol-lowering ...
Jeon Hee-Cheol HC Department of Family Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, - - 2014
The relationships of total and regional body fat percent with bone mineral density (BMD) in Korean adolescents were examined using the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-1), 2010. Body fat percent at whole body (WBFP), trunk (TBFP), and extremities (both upper and lower extremities fat mass/body ...
Zhang Liang L College of Wildlife Resources, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, - - 2014
Hair and feathers are composed of keratin and are indigestible, inalimental and unpalatable for carnivores. However, carnivores often ingest hair and feathers during feeding or when grooming. We hypothesized that ingestion of hair and feathers changes species diversity and relative abundance of bacteria in the gut of carnivores. To test ...
van Krimpen M M MM Wageningen UR Livestock Research, PO Box 65, NL-8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands - - 2014
Environmental factors, such as ambient temperature (T), feather cover (FC), and housing system (HS), probably affect energy requirements of laying hens. Using a 3 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement, interaction effects of T (11, 16, and 21°C), FC (100 and 50%), and HS (cage and floor housing) on energy ...
Võsoberg Kristel K Institute of Sport Pedagogy and Coaching Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe longitudinal changes in body composition, leptin, adiponectin, and ghrelin over a 36-month period in prepubertal rhythmic gymnasts (RG) and their age-matched untrained controls (UC) entering into puberty. Thirty-five RG (8.0 ± 0.6 yrs) and 33 UC (8.2 ± 0.6 yrs) were followed ...
Herd R M RM NSW Department of Primary Industries, Beef Industry Centre, Armidale, NSW 2351, - - 2014
Ruminants contribute up to 80% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from livestock, and enteric methane production by ruminants is the main source of these GHG emissions. Hence, reducing enteric methane production is essential in any GHG emissions reduction strategy in livestock. Data from 2 performance-recording research herds of Angus cattle ...
Kang Seok Hui SH Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University Hospital, Daegu, - - 2014
The presence of peritoneal dialysate when performing bioimpedance analysis may affect body composition measurements. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dialysate on body composition measurements in Asians. Forty-one patients undergoing maintenance peritoneal dialysis in our hospital peritoneal dialysis unit were included in this study. Dialysate ...
Frei Samuel S Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, - - 2014
Ostriches (Struthio camelus) are herbivorous birds with a digestive physiology that shares several similarities with that of herbivorous mammals. Previous reports, however, claimed a very low methane emission from ostriches, which would be clearly different from mammals. If this could be confirmed, ostrich meat would represent a very attractive alternative ...
Piccioli-Cappelli F F Istituto di Zootecnica, Facoltà di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Ambientali, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 29122 Piacenza, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diet composition defines the amount and type of nutrients absorbed by dairy cows. Endocrine-metabolic interactions can influence these parameters, and so nutrient availability for the mammary gland can significantly vary and affect milk yield and its composition. Six dairy cows in early and then late lactation received, for 28 d ...
Alperin Anandi A School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper is the first to apply the contact hypothesis, a social psychological theory of prejudice reduction, to the field of weight bias. It aims to investigate whether contact with overweight people is associated with the extent to which people report weight bias, as well as vigilance around their own ...
Sawyer Brandon J BJ Arizona State University, School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Phoenix, - - 2014
Aerobic exercise training in women typically results in minimal fat loss, with considerable individual variability. We hypothesized that women with higher baseline body fat would lose more body fat in response to exercise training, and that early fat loss would predict final fat loss. 81 sedentary premenopausal women (age: 30.7±7.8 ...
Maciejczyk Marcin M 1Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, University School of Physical Education, Krakow, Poland 2Department of Clinical Rehabilitation, University School of Physical Education, Krakow, Poland 3Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Sport Medicine and Human Nutrition, University School of Physical Education, Krakow, Poland 4Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, CA, - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests that not only body fat but high lean body mass (LBM) adversely affects aerobic performance and may reduce aerobic endurance performance as well. However, the influence of body composition on anaerobic performance remains controversial. This study aimed to examine the effects of increased body mass and body ...
Srinivasan Supriya S Department of Chemical Physiology and Dorris Neuroscience Center, The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI), La Jolla, CA 92037; email: - - 2014
Over the past decade, studies conducted in Caenorhabditis elegans have helped to uncover the ancient and complex origins of body fat regulation. This review highlights the powerful combination of genetics, pharmacology, and biochemistry to study energy balance and the regulation of cellular fat metabolism in C. elegans. The complete wiring ...
Kopena Renata R Departamento de Ecología Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, C.S.I.C., José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006, Madrid, - - 2014
In spite that carotenoid-based sexual ornaments are one of the most popular research topics in sexual selection of animals, the antioxidant and immunostimulatory role of carotenoids, presumably signaled by these colorful ornaments, is still controversial. It has been suggested that the function of carotenoids might not be as an antioxidant ...
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