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Opapeju F O - - 2009
The effect of dietary CP level on performance, enteric health, and gastrointestinal microbial ecology of weaned pigs challenged with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) K88 was investigated in a 14-d study. Forty weaned pigs (BW = 5.32 +/- 0.24 kg, mean +/- SD), housed 4 per pen, were randomly assigned to ...
Kim J C - - 2009
Sixty-three male pigs (Landrace x Large White) weighing 49.5 +/- 0.40 kg were used to (1) examine the variation in DE content of Lupinus angustifolius L. in relation to variety and geographical growing region and (2) establish prediction equations for DE content from physical and chemical composition. The pigs were ...
Oddoye E O K - - 2009
The purpose was to investigate the use of dried cashew pulp (DrCP), the sun-dried residue after juice has been extracted from the cashew apple, as a feed ingredient in growing pig diets. The growth rate, feed intake, feed to gain ratio and cost of gain of grower pigs fed diets ...
Sands J S - - 2009
Growth and N utilization responses of pigs to Aspergillus niger phytase supplementation of low-protein or high-phytin diets were examined in 2 experiments. In the first experiment, 6 diets arranged in a 3 x 2 factorial with Aspergillus niger phytase at 0, 600, or 1,200 units/kg and dietary protein at 160 ...
Wiltafsky M K - - 2009
Valine is among the limiting AA in low protein diets for pigs, but data are currently lacking for empirical requirement studies. Therefore, 2 growth assays and 1 N-balance trial were conducted to determine the Val requirement of weaned pigs (8 to 25 kg of BW) expressed as the ratio of ...
Emiola I A - - 2009
The objective was to investigate the effect of supplementing a wheat distillers dried grains with solubles (wheat DDGS)-based diet with carbohydrase enzyme blends on growth performance and nutrient digestibilities in growing and finishing pigs. In Exp. 1, 48 pigs with a BW of 36.5 +/- 1.03 kg (mean +/- SD) ...
Wiltafsky M K - - 2009
Two growth assays and 1 N balance trial were conducted to determine the standardized ileal digestible (SID) Ile:Lys ratio in 8- to 25-kg pigs using spray-dried blood cells or corn gluten feed as a protein source. In Exp. 1, 48 individually penned pigs (initial BW = 7.7 kg) were used ...
Rengman Sofia - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Young individuals with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) show growth reduction that can be reversed by dietary pancreatic enzyme supplementation. Here we investigated whether feeding an elemental diet could replace the growth-promoting effect of enzyme supplementation in EPI pigs. METHODS: Weaned pigs with intact pancreas (control) or pancreatic ...
Manzanilla E G - - 2009
The plant extract mixture (XT) used in the present experiment, containing carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, and capsicum oleoresin, has previously been shown to decrease diarrhea mortality and to modify the intestinal environment of pigs after weaning. However, results obtained among experiments have not been consistent. We hypothesized that dietary protein could be ...
Paiva-Martins Fátima - - 2009
The influence of olive leaves supplementation on feed digestibility, growth performance of pigs and pork meat quality was investigated. Pigs fed diets with olive leaves at 5% (OL5) and 10% (OL10) levels had lower daily weight gain (DG) and daily feed intake (DFI) than pigs fed a conventional diet (OL0) ...
Turk, Romana; Department of ...
The objective of this study was to investigate serum PON1 activity and lipid and lipoprotein status after total splenectomy and autologous spleen transplantation in pigs, in order to assess the effect of surgical stress and trauma on PON1 activity and lipid metabolism. Nineteen piglets used in the experiment were randomly ...
Lee Sung Dae - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Eucommia ulmoides leaf (EUL) supplementation on the growth performance, blood and meat quality parameters in growing and finishing pigs. Ninety gilts (L x LW x D, 20 kg initialBW) were housed 10 per pen in a front-open building ...
Lee Sung Dae - - 2009
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of fermented apple diet (FAD) supplementation on the growth performance and meat quality in finishing Berkshires. The FAD was made from dropped apple mixed with rice bran and barley bran. Until 81 +/- 1 kg live weight at 133 ...
Deng J - - 2010
Experiments were conducted to determine the effects of feeding different starch sources on piglets. Four diets were formulated with maize, brown rice, sticky rice and Hi-Maize 1043 as starch sources, with resistant starch (RS) contents of 2.3%, 0.9%, 0.0%, 20.6%, and amylose and amylopectin ratio of 0.23%, 0.21%, 0.18%, 0.06% ...
Gbore F A - - 2009
Twenty-four male weaned piglets assigned to four diets containing 5.0, 10.0, 15.0 and 0.2 mg fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) /kg as diets 1, 2, 3 and control diet, respectively, were used to study the effect of dietary FB(1) on growth and puberty attainment in pigs in a 6-month feeding trial. Lower ...
Taube V A - - 2009
The aim of this study was to examine whether and to what extent the addition of potassium diformate (pdf) or free organic acids (fpa) to the diet and the grinding intensity might affect the course of infection and the passage of orally applied Salmonella and Escherichia coli in pigs. Experiments ...
Xandé X - - 2009
The effects sugar cane (SC) diets and a milling by product diet on meat quality characteristics of fresh meat and dry-cured ham were studied on a total of 48 Creole (CR) pigs. Pigs were fed with a control soya-bean meal corn diet (C1), a soya-bean meal wheat diet (C2), a ...
K.U. Amaefule
Nutrient utilization and digestibility of growing pigs fed diets of different proportions of Palm Kernel Meal (PKM) and Brewers Dried Grain (BDG) in the humid tropics were determined with twelve intact male hybrid (Landrace x Duroc) pigs aged 15 weeks. Their live weights ranged 16.78-19.50 kg (average 18.36 kg). The ...
Lee Chong-Eon - - 2009
We conducted two studies to determine the effect of gender, gonadectomy (GDX) on growth and plasma cholesterol levels in pigs. In experiment 1, five sham-operated and five GDX female Landrace pigs (26 kg) were allowed to have free access to water and feed up to market weight (approximately 100 kg). ...
Kleinbeck Kyle R - - 2009
Effective dressings for donor sites or other partial thickness wounds must promote removal of nonviable or necrotic tissue, eradication and prevention of microbial infiltrate, exudate absorbance, and regrowth of healthy epidermis and dermis. There are many commonly used products that facilitate these processes. Established properties of an in situ photopolymerizable ...
Hinson R B - - 2009
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of feeding a corn- and soybean meal-based diet (control) or a low nutrient excretion (LNE) diet, formulated with reduced dietary CP and additional synthetic AA, low phytic acid corn, and phytase, on pig growth performance during the grower (BW=32 to 77 kg) ...
Wellock I J - - 2009
Short and long-term effects of manipulating dietary CP content and diet quality in weaner diets on health and performance of pigs were investigated in a 2 x 2 factorial combination of CP inclusion (high-CP, 230 g of CP/kg vs. low-CP, 170 g of CP/kg) and diet quality (high-quality, cooked cereals, ...
Divakala K C - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine the possibility of replacing soybean meal (SBM) in finisher pig diets completely with hydrolyzed feather meal (FM). Forty-five gilts and 45 castrated males (57.8+/-0.8 kg of BW; 3 gilts or 3 castrated males/pen) were randomly assigned to 5 finisher-1 diets with 6 ...
Stein H H - - 2009
A growth performance experiment was conducted to assess the feeding value of a double-stacked transgenic corn grain for growing-finishing pigs. The genetically modified corn grain contained event DAS-59122-7, which expresses the Cry34/35Ab1 binary insecticidal protein for the control of corn rootworm. This modified transgenic grain is resistant to western corn ...
Kušec, Goran; Faculty of ...
The present study was performed on 24 pigs distributed over two MHS-genotypes (NN, Nn) and two feeding regimes (intensive, restrictive). These pigs were investigated as the last of four trials in the experiment carried out by Kušec et al. (2005). The data on muscle and fatty tissue volumes were obtained ...
Bird Anthony R - - 2009
Pigs were fed a freeze-dried probiotic (Bifidobacterium animalis CSCC 1941) plus a high-amylose maize starch (HAMS) and a fructooligosaccharide (FOS) separately or together. Fecal output and total and individual major short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations and excretion were higher and pH was lower with HAMS than with FOS relative to ...
Apple J K - - 2009
Crossbred pigs (n=288) were used to test the interactive effects of dietary fat source and slaughter weight on dissected carcass composition and fatty acid composition of composite carcass samples. Pigs were blocked by initial BW, and within each of 9 blocks, pens (8 pigs/pen) were randomly assigned to either control ...
Apple J K - - 2009
Crossbred pigs (n=288) were used to test the interactive effects of dietary fat source and slaughter weight on live performance, carcass traits, and fatty acid composition of the LM. Pigs were blocked by initial BW, and, within each of 9 blocks, pens (8 pigs/pen) were randomly assigned to either control ...
Apple J K - - 2009
Crossbred pigs (n=288) were used to test the interactive effects of dietary fat source and slaughter weight on the fatty acid composition of subcutaneous fat. Pigs were blocked by initial BW (28.1 kg), and, within blocks, pens (8 pigs/pen) were randomly assigned to either grower and finisher diets devoid of ...
Seabolt, Brynn Shea
The objectives of this research were: 1) To evaluate nursery pig preference for diets containing various inclusion levels of dried distillers grains with soluble (DDGS), high protein dried distillers grains (HPDDG) or corn gluten meal (CGM); 2) To evaluate the effect of different qualities of DDGS on nursery pig preference; ...
Ma Xianyong - - 2010
The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that dietary arginine supplementation may improve meat quality of finishing pigs. Beginning at approximately 60 kg body weight, pigs were fed a corn- and soybean meal-based diet supplemented with 0, 0.5 or 1% L-arginine until they reached a body weight of ...
Feoli, Carolina
Twelve experiments were completed to evaluate corn- and sorghum-distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) in diets for nursery and finishing pigs. In Exp. 1, corn-DDGS had 223 kcal/kg greater DE than sorghum-DDGS (P<0.02). In Exp. 2, pigs fed a corn-soy control diet had greater ADG, nutrient digestibility, HCW, and dressing ...
Augustin K - - 2008
Supplementation of pigs with vitamin E, the most important lipid-soluble antioxidant, has been shown to improve meat quality and animal health. Previous studies in cultured cells and laboratory animals indicate synergistic effects between polyphenols and vitamin E. The present feeding trial was undertaken to investigate the effects of dietary green ...
Hill B E - - 2009
Forty-eight grower pigs were used to evaluate the effects of feeding low phytic acid (LPA) corn, LPA soybean meal, normal corn (NC), normal soybean meal (NSBM), and phytase on nutrient digestibility and excretion. Barrows were blocked by BW (initial BW=45.3+/-1.6 kg) and randomly assigned to 1 of 8 dietary treatments ...
Stein H H - - 2009
Distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) may be included in diets fed to pigs in all phases of production. The concentrations of DE and ME in DDGS are similar to those in corn. Phosphorus in DDGS is highly digestible to pigs and apparent total tract digestibility values of approximately 60% ...
Latorre M A - - 2009
Crossbred pigs (n=120) from Duroc sires mated to Landrace x Large White dams, with a mean BW of 110.5+/-2.3 kg, were used to investigate the effect of increasing the slaughter weight of gilts with regard to that of the barrows on the production of high quality dry-cured hams from Spain ...
Naranjo, Victor D.
The objectives of this research were: 1) to compare the effect of source and level of inclusion of dried whey permeate (DWP) and a carbohydrate product (CHO) on growth performance of nursery pigs, 2) to evaluate the effect of a fortified nutrient pack (FNP) on growth performance and total tract ...
He Qinghua - - 2009
Arginine plays an important role regulating nutrient metabolism, but the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. This study was conducted to determine the effect of dietary arginine supplementation on the metabolome in serum of growing pigs using (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Sixteen 120-day-old pigs (48 +/- 1 kg) were randomly ...
Müller W J - - 2009
After consideration of five potential sampling designs, 13 retail pork cuts were purchased from randomly selected supermarkets and butchers' stores in urban areas across the socioeconomic scale in three States of Australia in late 2005 and early 2006. They were analysed, raw and cooked, for gross composition (fat, lean, bone ...
Hu Wang-Ming - - 2009
The c-kit protooncogene receptor and its ligand-stem cell factor regulating the proliferation and survival of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) have been described. The aim of this study was to determine the expression of c-kit mRNA and c-kit protein in the gallbladders in guinea pigs of high cholesterol diet (HCD). ...
Manstein Dieter - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Excess fat poses a host of local and systemic problems. Various energy sources, for example, laser, ultrasound, and radiofrequency electric current have been studied as potential non-invasive treatments aimed at local destruction of subcutaneous fat. Cryosurgery at very low temperatures is routinely used for non-specific tissue destruction, ...
Pujols J - - 2008
An experiment was conducted to determine whether spray-dried porcine plasma containing 2.47 x 10(5) dna copies of porcine circovirus type 2 (pcv-2) could infect weanling pigs when fed to them. Five specific pathogen-free (spf) weanling pigs were fed ad libitum for 45 days a control diet and six pigs were ...
Solà-Oriol D - - 2009
In previous studies, we observed important differences in the feed preferences of pigs resulting from changes in only 1 dietary ingredient. The present experiment was conducted to study the relationship between the feed preference values of feeds reported previously and their particle size and texture characteristics. The effect of individual ...
Solà-Oriol D - - 2009
The palatability of different cereals was studied in 2 two-way choice (preference) experiments using pigs of 56 d of age and 17 kg of BW. In Exp. 1, the effect of 24 cereals vs. a common reference diet containing white rice on feed preference in pigs was studied. Pigs were ...
Carr S N - - 2008
Effects of ractopamine hydrochloride (RAC) on carcass parameters in heavy weight (133.24+/-8.07kg) finishing pigs (n=278) given amino acid fortified (AA) or 16% crude protein (CP) diets were evaluated. A total of seven experimental diets were formulated; RAC was added at 0, 5 and 20ppm to the 16% CP diets (CP0, ...
Tang Zhiru - - 2009
Lactoferrin has antimicrobial activity associated with peptide fragments lactoferricin (LFC) and lactoferrampin (LFA) released on digestion. These two fragments have been expressed in Photorhabdus luminescens as a fusion peptide linked to protein cipB. The construct cipB-LFC-LFA was tested as an alternative to antimicrobial growth promoters in pig production. Sixty piglets ...
Heo Jung-Min - - 2008
This study evaluated the effects of feeding pigs low protein (LP) diets for different lengths of time after weaning on indices of protein fermentation, the incidence of postweaning diarrhoea (PWD), growth performance, and total-tract apparent digestibility. Sixty weaner pigs weighing 6.1 +/- 0.13 kg (mean +/- SEM) were used in ...
Torres-Gonzalez Moises - - 2008
AIM: There is limited information on how dietary carbohydrate restriction (CR) or the combination of dietary cholesterol (chol) and CR may affect atherosclerosis development. Guinea pigs were used to evaluate the effects of chol and CR on aortic cholesterol accumulation, mechanical properties of aortas and cytokine production. METHODS: Ten male ...
Andersen N K - - 2008
The long-term effect of alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG) given for 21-24 days post-partum, on the skeleton of commercial pigs, was investigated. In experiment A, 12 pigs were given AKG [0.1 g/kg of body weight (b.w.) per day per os], while 12 controls were administered vehicle. At day 169, the left and right ...
Tang Renyong - - 2008
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of supplementing swine finishing diets with two levels of magnesium aspartate (MgAsp) and short-term transportation stress on blood parameters, pork quality and the mRNA abundance of p-calpain and calpastatin in muscles of finishing pigs. Thirty-six crossbred finishing pigs (mean BW ...
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