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Sugiyama Takehiro T Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles2Department of Public Health/Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
Both dietary modification and use of statins can lower blood cholesterol. The increase in caloric intake among the general population is reported to have plateaued in the last decade, but no study has examined the relationship between the time trends of caloric intake and statin use. To examine the difference ...
Logan A A CSIRO Animal, Food and Health Sciences, Werribee, Victoria, Australia 3030. Electronic address: - - 2014
Native milk fat globule (MFG) size, pH, total fat, protein, and lactose composition in milk from individual cows was examined in autumn and spring 2012 and autumn 2013. Mean MFG diameters ranged between 2.5 and 5.7 µm. Some cows were observed to consistently produce small or large MFG throughout the ...
Bao Wei W Epidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, Rockville, MD (WB, MK, and CZ); the Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH (KB); the Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA (DKT and JC); the Centre for Fetal Programming, Department of Epidemiology Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark (SFO); the Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (JC); and the Department of Endocrinology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark - - 2014
Low-carbohydrate diets (LCDs) have been vastly popular for weight loss. The association between a low-carbohydrate dietary pattern and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remains unknown. We aimed to prospectively examine the association of 3 prepregnancy low-carbohydrate dietary patterns with risk of GDM. We included 21,411 singleton pregnancies in the ...
Pot G K GK 1] Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division, School of Medicine, King's College London, Franklin-Wilkins Building, London, UK [2] MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, - - 2014
A potential risk factor for cardiometabolic diseases is irregular or inconsistent eating, however, research on this topic is scarce. We aimed to study associations between irregular consumption of energy intake in meals and cardiometabolic risk factors. Dietary intake data were derived from 5-day estimated diet diaries of 1768 participants of ...
Kokaze Akatsuki - - 2014
Mitochondrial DNA 5178 cytosine/adenosine (Mt5178 C/A) polymorphism is associated with longevity in the Japanese. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Mt5178 C/A polymorphism modifies the effects of habitual smoking or habitual drinking on serum non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol levels in middle-aged Japanese men. A total of 394 ...
Annalisa Noce N Division of Hypertension and Nephrology, Department of System Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, - - 2014
Obesity has become a pandemic threat in the latest 30 years. The trend of the prevalence of overweight and obesity has got an overall increase in every part of the world, regardless of ethnicity, life-style and social ties. High food intake, genetic, and sedentary have been related to obesity; it ...
Bonhommeau Sylvain S Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploration de la MER, Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR) Exploited Marine Ecosystems (EME-212), 34203 Sète Cedex, - - 2013
Trophic levels are critical for synthesizing species' diets, depicting energy pathways, understanding food web dynamics and ecosystem functioning, and monitoring ecosystem health. Specifically, trophic levels describe the position of species in a food web, from primary producers to apex predators (range, 1-5). Small differences in trophic level can reflect large ...
Liao Katherine P KP Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2013
Differences in lipid levels associated with cardiovascular (CV) risk between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and the general population remain unclear. Determining these differences is important in understanding the role of lipids in CV risk in RA. We studied 2,005 RA subjects from 2 large academic medical centers. We extracted electronic ...
Cocate Paula G PG Department of Nutrition and Health, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, - - 2013
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the potential relationships between fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and oxidative stress markers in middle-aged men, with an emphasis on vitamin C, fiber, and magnesium content. The study was conducted with 296 healthy men, age 50.5 ± 5.0 y, and body mass index (BMI) ...
Levitan Emily B - - 2013
-Current dietary recommendations for heart failure (HF) patients are largely based on data from non-HF populations; evidence regarding associations of dietary patterns with outcomes in HF is limited. We therefore evaluated associations of Mediterranean and DASH diet scores with mortality among postmenopausal women with HF. -Women's Health Initiative participants were ...
Fång Johan - - 2013
Temporal trends of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in mothers' milk are still quite rare. Data are particularly scarce when it comes to concentrations from the last decade, 2000 and onwards. The aims of the present study were to assess temporal trends of PCDD, PCDF ...
Vadiveloo Maya M Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health, New York University, 411 Lafayette Street, 5th floor, New York, NY 10003, - - 2014
Few longitudinal studies carried out in US adults have evaluated long-term dietary fat intakes and compared them with the national recommendations during the two-decade period when the prevalence of obesity and insulin resistance increased substantively. In the present study, we examined trends in the intakes of dietary fats and rich ...
Grant William B - - 2013
Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) rates in Japan and developing countries have risen rapidly in recent years. Researchers have associated factors such as the Western diet, obesity, alcohol consumption, and smoking with risk of AD. Objective: This paper evaluates whether the dietary transition might explain the rising trend of AD prevalence ...
Sponheimer Matt - - 2013
Carbon isotope studies of early hominins from southern Africa showed that their diets differed markedly from the diets of extant apes. Only recently, however, has a major influx of isotopic data from eastern Africa allowed for broad taxonomic, temporal, and regional comparisons among hominins. Before 4 Ma, hominins had diets ...
Shin Ji-Ye - - 2013
The objective of this study is to identify the dietary patterns associated with the risk of hypertensions among Korean adults using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2008-2010). This study analyzes data from 11,883 subjects who participated in the health and nutrition survey, aging from ...
Ollberding Nicholas J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies examining the role of single foods or nutrients in the aetiology of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) have produced inconsistent findings. Few studies have examined associations for dietary patterns, which may more accurately reflect patterns of consumption and the complexity of dietary intake. The objective of the present study ...
Herber-Gast Gerrie-Cor M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Diet has been suggested to be a potential risk factor for vasomotor menopausal symptoms (VMSs), ie, hot flushes and night sweats. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the associations between dietary patterns and risk of VMSs by using data from middle-aged women born between 1946 and 1951 in the Australian Longitudinal Study ...
Gopinath Bamini - - 2013
It is unknown whether diet quality is associated with microvascular structure. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between diet quality, reflecting adherence to dietary guidelines, with retinal microvascular calibre in older adults. The dietary data of 2720 Blue Mountains Eye Study participants, aged 50+ years, were collected using ...
Charbonneau Bridget B Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2013
We evaluated the association of dietary fat and protein intake with risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in a clinic-based study in 603 cases (including 218 chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, 146 follicular lymphoma, and 105 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma) and 1007 frequency-matched controls. Usual diet was assessed with a 128-item ...
Barbieri G - - 2013
In recent years, formulations of the Italian cold cut mortadella have changed to meet evolving tastes and nutritional trends. The aim of the present study was to analyze the physical, chemical, and sensory characteristics of currently produced mortadella. Representative samples of Italian mortadella (13 brands, 3 samples/brand) were analyzed. Three ...
Gao Yongshun Y Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2013
Few epidemiological studies have examined the relationship between dietary fat, which may affect immune function and risk of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that high dietary intake of fat and specific subtypes of fat is associated with the risk of HL among ...
Hosseini Mostafa M Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2013
Trends in cholesterol level of different populations have been investigated in several studies. This study is conducted to determine the trend of cholesterol level of Iranian adults from 1990 to 2007. Data on cholesterol measurements of four national health surveys that have been carried out in Iran used in this ...
Guallar-Castillón Pilar - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The Southern European Atlantic Diet (SEAD) is the traditional diet of Northern Portugal and Galicia, a region in northwest Spain. The SEAD has been associated with a lower risk of non-fatal acute myocardial infarction, but the mechanisms of this association have not yet been investigated. Thus, we examined the ...
Ericson Ulrika - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The minor T allele of rs2943641 near the gene encoding for insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) has been associated with decreased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and adiposity in genome-wide association studies. Dietary intake can influence the regulation of IRS1, and studies have indicated sex-specific associations between IRS1 ...
Bantwal Ganapathi - - 2012
Elevated low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) has been identified as one of the strongest correctable risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes. The reduction in cardiovascular events with pharmacological therapy aimed at LDL lowering is well documented in both primary prevention and secondary prevention. In this article, we ...
Carroll Margaret D MD Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland 20782, USA. - - 2012
Serum total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) contribute to atherosclerosis and its clinical consequences. Between the periods 1988-1994 and 1999-2002, mean TC and mean LDL-C declined in adults. During this time, there was an increase in the percentage of adults receiving lipid-lowering medications. Geometric mean triglyceride levels increased ...
Burgess Neil M - - 2012
Mercury (Hg) is a pervasive contaminant that can adversely affect predatory wildlife. Bird eggs provide insights into breeding females' Hg burdens, and are easily collected and archived. We present data on Hg trends in herring gull (Larus argentatus) eggs from five sites in Atlantic Canada from 1972 to 2008. We ...
Johnson William W Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, - - 2013
It is unknown whether the secular trend in childhood BMI reflects increases in fat-free mass as well as fat mass. This study decomposed BMI trends in 488 participants in the Fels Longitudinal Study born between 1958-1995 and aged 8-17.99 years into their fat and fat-free components. Generalized estimating equations estimated ...
Meule Adrian - - 2012
Restrained eating, eating disorders and obesity have been associated with cardiac autonomic dysregulation. The current study investigated cardiac autonomic regulation in current dieters. Female students (N = 50) indicated if they were currently trying to control their weight and completed the Perceived Self-Regulatory Success in Dieting Scale (PSRS). Heart beat ...
Huang Yubei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Massive evidence supports that increase of lipids bring more risk of atherosclerosis. However, it is not clear if lipids measured a long time ago bear more risk than the current measurement. HYPOTHESIS: Lipids measured currently is more associated with carotid atherosclerosis than lipids measured long time ago. METHODS: A ...
Latner J D - - 2012
This study investigated stigma directed at formerly obese persons who lost weight and became lean (through behavioral or surgical methods), or lost weight but remained obese, relative to weight-stable obese and weight-stable lean persons. This study also compared stigma directed at obese persons following exposure to descriptions of persons who ...
Rubin Diana - - 2012
The fatty-acid-binding protein-2 (FABP2) gene has been proposed as a candidate gene for diabetes because the encoded protein is involved in fatty acid absorption and therefore may affect insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism. The rare haplotype (B) of its promoter was shown to be associated with a lower risk for ...
Mozaheb Zahra - - 2012
The role of dietary factors in the epidemiology of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) remains largely undefined. Dietary habits may play a role in the etiology of NHL by influencing the immune system. Dietary patterns and the risk of NHL were analyzed in a case control study; including 170 NHL cases and ...
Mitchison Deborah - - 2012
To examine temporal trends in the burden of eating disorder (ED) features, as estimated by the composite of their prevalence and impact upon quality of life (QoL) over a period of 10 years. Representative samples of 3010 participants in 1998 and 3034 participants in 2008 from the South Australian adult ...
Sharifabadi H Rajaei - - 2011
This study was conducted to investigate relationships between mitochondrial respiratory chain complex activities, feed efficiency, and carcass traits in sheep. A group of Ghezel male lambs sired by a single ram were randomly allotted to individual pens. The lambs were fed ad libitum with a fattening diet containing 30% roughage ...
Codabaccus Mohamed Basseer - - 2011
ABSTRACT Reducing the lipid content in fish prior to feeding a fish oil finishing diet (FOFD) has potential to improve n-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) restoration. This study had two main objectives: 1. Determine whether feeding Atlantic salmon smolt a 75% palm fatty acid distillate diet (75PFAD) improves ...
Mateo Rafael - - 2011
Accumulation of organochlorine compounds is well studied in aquatic food chains whereas little information is available from terrestrial food chains. This study presents data of organochlorine levels in tissue and plasma samples of 15 critically endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) and other 55 wild carnivores belonging to five species from ...
Kuusisto Sanna M - - 2011
Abstract Context and objective. Lipoproteins are involved in the pathophysiology of several metabolic diseases. Here we focus on the interplay between lipoprotein metabolism and adiponectin with the extension of alcohol intake. Design and subjects. Eighty-three low-to-moderate and 80 heavy alcohol drinkers were studied. Plasma adiponectin, other biochemical and extensive lipoprotein ...
Sanden Monica - - 2011
Abstract The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of replacing high levels of marine ingredients with vegetable raw materials and with emphasis on lipid metabolism and net-production of long chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (EPA + DHA). Atlantic salmon were fed three different replacement vegetable diets ...
Mellouk Zoheir - - 2011
In the present study, rats were exposed from the 8th week after birth and for the ensuing 8 weeks to diets containing either starch or fructose (64% w/w) and sunflower oil (5%). Two further groups of rats were exposed to the fructose-containing diet with substitution of part (1.6%) of the ...
Figueiredo-Silva A Cláudia - - 2011
We examined the long-term effect of feeding coconut oil (CO; rich in lauric acid, C12) on voluntary food intake and nutrient utilisation in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), with particular attention to the metabolic use (storage or oxidation) of ingested medium-chain TAG. Trout were fed for 15 weeks one of the ...
Woodbury Bryan L - - 2011
Subsurface measures have been adapted to identify manure accumulation on feedlot surfaces. Understanding where manure accumulates can be useful to develop management practices that mitigate air emissions from manure, such as odor or greenhouse gases. Objectives were to determine if electromagnetic induction could be used to predict differences in volatile ...
Mellouk Zoheir - - 2011
The time course for changes in food intake, body weight, plasma glucose and insulin concentrations and HOMA index was monitored over a period of 8 weeks in rats exposed from the 8th week after birth to diets containing either starch or fructose and sunflower oil. In two further groups of ...
Terada Shin - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Excessive accumulation of visceral fat is strongly associated with insulin resistance. The present investigation examined the effects of dietary intake of medium- and long-chain triacylglycerols (MLCTs), which have been shown to induce significantly lower visceral fat accumulation in rats and humans, on high-fat diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance in rats. ...
Garner John C - - 2011
The primary objective of this study was to investigate the influence of segmental mass and body composition on the upper extremity biomechanics of overweight youth participating in baseball activities. The study used a regression framework to investigate the relationship between whole body, throwing arm segmental mass and body composition measures ...
Cheng Y - - 2011
Pathological conditions such as diabetes, insulin resistance, and obesity are characterized by elevated plasma and myocardial lipid levels and have been reported to exacerbate the progression of heart failure (HF). Alterations in cardiomyocyte Ca(2+) regulatory properties and myofilament proteins have also been implicated in contractile dysfunction in HF. However, our ...
Tucci Sara - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Because of the enhanced recognition of inherited long-chain fatty acid oxidation disorders by worldwide newborn screening programs, an increasing number of asymptomatic patients receive medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) supplements to prevent the development of cardiomyopathy and myopathy. OBJECTIVE: MCT supplementation has been recognized as a safe dietary intervention, but long-term ...
Christeller John T - - 2011
Galactolipase, phospholipase and triacylglycerol lipase activities were measured from the midgut of six species of lepidopteran larvae, two folivores, Epiphyas postvittana (Tortricidae) and Helicoverpa armigera (Noctuidae); two granivores, Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae) and Ephestia kuehniella (Pyrallidae); a presumptive carnivore, Galleria mellonella (Pyralidae); and a keratinophage, Tineola bisselliella (Tineidae). Galactolipase has not ...
Wakabayashi Ichiro - - 2011
BackgroundThe purpose of this study was to determine whether relationships between alcohol intake and atherosclerotic risk factors were different in normotensive and prehypertensive persons.MethodsJapanese men aged 35-60 years who showed normal blood pressure (n = 4,778) or prehypertension (n = 9,728) without any drug therapy for hypertension were divided into ...
Xiao Xunjun - - 2011
In newborn mice, PLRP2 is essential for fat digestion. In human infants, the role of PLRP2 in fat digestion is unclear, as it has poor activity against long-chain triglycerides in vitro. Also, many infants carry a genetic polymorphism resulting in a truncated protein, PLRP2 W340X, which may impact function significantly. ...
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