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Neukam K - - 2011
Background: Skin sensitivity is a common problem in the Western population correlated with changes of skin properties like skin barrier function, hydration and skin physiology. Skin properties can be modulated by dietary fatty acids (FA), especially poly-unsaturated FA. The present study was performed to evaluate the effect of daily supplementation ...
Tzotzas T - - 2011
Obesity is a pathological condition aggregating a substantial number of proatherogenic factors, such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia and hypertension. In addition to these classic cardiometabolic risk factors, atherosclerosis may be aggravated by other non-classic factors, which are characterized as conditional, including homocysteine, fibrinogen, lipoprotein(a), LDL particle ...
Erez G G Obesity Clinic, Meuhedet Health Services, Jerusalem, - - 2011
Over 75% of obese subjects fail to maintain their weight following weight loss interventions. We aimed to identify phenotypic and genetic markers associated with weight maintenance/regain following a dietary intervention. In the 2-year Dietary Intervention Randomized Controlled Trial, we assessed potential predictors for weight changes during the 'weight loss phase' ...
Touger-Decker Riva - - 2010
To determine the effectiveness of the 12-week workplace intervention (WIP) on energy intake, weight, physical activity (PA) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and the effect of delivery method on outcomes. A prospective clinical trial of a 12-week WIP comparing In-person and Internet-based delivery. All subjects received identical intervention with dietitian ...
Motaghedi Roja - - 2011
Prader Willi syndrome (PWS) without strict environmental modifications can lead to obesity associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In addition to increased appetite, these individuals have decreased energy expenditure with lower insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF1), which contributes to adiposity. No effective treatment is available for this condition. Endocannabinoid ...
Agueda M - - 2012
To assess the influence of body composition changes on circulating serum visfatin after following 12 weeks of energy restricted diet intervention. We also examined the possible role of visfatin in glucose metabolism and in obesity-associated low-grade inflammation. A total of 78 obese (BMI 34.0 ± 2.8 kg/m(2)) women aged 36.7±7 y volunteered to participate ...
Belski R - - 2011
Background:Regular consumption of diets with increased protein or fibre intakes may benefit body weight and composition and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Lupin flour is a novel food ingredient high in protein and fibre.Objective:To investigate the effects of a lupin-enriched diet, during and following energy restriction, on body weight and composition ...
Goodpaster Bret H BH Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, MUH N810, 3459 Fifth Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2010
The prevalence of severe obesity is increasing markedly, as is prevalence of comorbid conditions such as hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus; however, apart from bariatric surgery and pharmacotherapy, few clinical trials have evaluated the treatment of severe obesity. To determine the efficacy of a weight loss and physical activity ...
Rosenbaum M - - 2010
The increasing prevalence of obesity and its comorbidities reflects the interaction of genes that favor the storage of excess energy as fat with an environment that provides ad libitum availability of energy-dense foods and encourages an increasingly sedentary lifestyle. Although weight reduction is difficult in and of itself, anyone who ...
Mueller Charles C Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA. - - 2010
This pilot study compared weight loss and serum indicators of coronary artery disease (CAD) risk between 2 weight loss (energy-deficit) diets, one controlled for carbohydrate as a percentage of total calories and the other controlled for fat as percentage of total calories. Participants were randomized to 1 of 2 diets ...
Dugdale A H A - - 2010
Increased prevalence of obesity among UK horses and ponies demands evidence-based advice to promote weight loss. Restriction of dry matter intake (DMI) to 1% of body mass (BM, 67% [corrected] of predicted maintenance digestible energy [DE] requirements) would promote weight loss without compromise to health. Five mature (mean ± s.e. ...
Maraki Maria I - - 2011
Obesity is associated with impaired postprandial triacylglycerolemia, an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Given that obesity is hard to treat, efforts should focus on treating its comorbidities. We aimed to investigate whether moderate weight loss normalizes postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) concentrations, in the absence of the acute effects of negative ...
Güroy D - - 2011
A study was conducted to determine the effect of dietary algal supplementation on weight loss and proximate composition in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, during starvation. An algae-free control diet (C) and four experimental diets, including varying levels of raw Ulva meal (5% = U5; 10% = U10) and Spirulina meal (5% = S5; 10% = S10) were formulated. ...
Burke Lora E LE University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Department of Health and Community Systems, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2011
Technology may improve self-monitoring adherence and dietary changes in weight loss treatment. Our study aimed to investigate whether using a personal digital assistant (PDA) with dietary and exercise software, with and without a feedback message, compared to using a paper diary/record (PR), results in greater weight loss and improved self-monitoring ...
Aeberli Isabelle - - 2010
Although serum TSH is often elevated in obesity and may be linked to disorders of lipid and glucose metabolism, the clinical relevance of these relationships remains unclear. Subjects were obese children and adolescents (n=206; mean age 14 yr) undergoing rapid weight and fat loss in a standardized, multidisciplinary, 2-month, in-patient ...
Olsson Johan - - 2011
The maintenance of an obtained lower weight level is often found to be difficult. The aim of this study was to determine weight maintenance after an initial weight loss by consumption of a meal replacement with a vegetable-oil emulsion associated with prolonged satiety. After a 6-week weight loss period with ...
Márquez-Quiñones Adriana A Institut National de Santé et de Recherche Médicale (INSERM), U858, Obesity Research Laboratory, Institut de Médecine Moléculaire de Rangueil, Toulouse, - - 2010
The mechanisms underlying body weight evolution after diet-induced weight loss are poorly understood. We aimed to identify and characterize differences in the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) transcriptome of subjects with different weight changes after energy restriction-induced weight loss during 6 mo on 4 different diets. After an 8-wk low-calorie diet ...
Benassi-Evans Bianca - - 2010
The impact of popular weight-loss diets with different macronutrient profiles on bowel health in humans has not been previously assessed. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a high-protein/high red meat (HP) diet influences faecal water genotoxicity and other standard biomarkers of bowel health differently compared with a ...
de Luis Daniel Antonio - - 2011
The Pro129THr, C385A, polymorphism of FAAH gene (rs324420C>A) has been associated with overweight and obesity. We investigate the role of this polymorphism on anthropometric and metabolic responses to a weight loss program. Obese individuals (n = 122) were assessed at baseline and after 3 months of a hypocaloric diet. There ...
Oyama Lila Missae - - 2010
Obesity is characterized as an inflammatory state associated with a modification in the pattern of adipokine secretion. The present study aimed to assess the role of anorexigenic and orexigenic neuropeptides and peripheral signals in obese adolescents submitted to 1 year of weight loss interdisciplinary therapy and grouped according to quartiles ...
Egras Amy M - - 2011
Objective. To review the literature on fat modifying dietary supplements commonly used for weight loss. Methods. Recently published randomized, placebo-controlled trials were identified in PubMed, MEDLINE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Cochrane Database, and Google Scholar using the search terms dietary supplement, herbal, weight loss, obesity, and individual supplement names. Discussion. Data ...
Venn Bernard J - - 2010
Wholegrain intake is inversely related to weight gain over time, but little information is available on the role of pulses in weight control. To compare weight loss, metabolic outcomes, and nutrient intakes in obese people assigned to a diet rich in pulses and wholegrains or a control diet. Randomized controlled ...
Du Huaidong - - 2010
Obesity has become a serious public health problem worldwide, and dietary composition can play a role in its prevention and treatment. However, available literature on the impacts of different dietary factors on weight change is inconsistent, or even conflicting. In this review, we briefly summarized the mechanisms and influences of ...
Bladbjerg Else-Marie - - 2010
Diet is important in the prevention of CVD, and it has been suggested that a diet high in MUFA is more cardioprotective than a low-fat diet. We hypothesised that the thrombotic risk profile is improved most favourably by a high-MUFA diet compared with a low-fat diet. This was tested in ...
Johnson Nathan A - - 2010
The rapid emergence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as a cause of both liver-related morbidity and mortality and cardiometabolic risk has led to the search for effective lifestyle strategies to reduce liver fat. Lifestyle intervention comprising dietary restriction in conjunction with increased physical activity has shown clear hepatic benefits ...
Devkota Suzanne - - 2010
To understand the potential benefits of increased dietary protein during weight loss and the importance of distribution of high-quality protein at each meal. Popular weight loss diets emphasize use of protein as a substitute for carbohydrates or fat to reduce insulin and minimize hunger and food cravings. These diets produce ...
Kolasa Kathryn M - - 2010
Calculate body mass index and diagnose obesity to increase the likelihood that obese patients will take steps to lose weight. Prescribe a low-calorie diet for at least 6 months to help patients achieve a weight loss of at least 5% to 10%. Prescribe physical activity for weight loss and weight ...
- - 2010
Orlistat first became available (as 120 mg capsules [Xenical]) around 10 years ago as a prescription-only treatment for obesity.1 Earlier this year, orlistat 60 mg capsules (alli - GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare) became available for sale without a prescription to the public in the European Union. Orlistat 60 mg is available ...
Handjieva-Darlenska T T National Multiprofile Transport Hospital, Sofia, - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether pre-treatment subject characteristics and weight change during the first weeks of a low-calorie diet (LCD) can predict weight loss outcomes at the end of a controlled 8-week weight loss period in overweight and obese adults. A total of 932 overweight and ...
Siri-Tarino Patty W PW Atherosclerosis Research, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, - - 2011
Adiposity is more prevalent among individuals with a predominance of small, dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (pattern B) particles than among those with larger LDL (pattern A). We tested for differences in resting energy expenditure (REE) and respiratory quotient (RQ) in overweight men with pattern A (n = 36) or pattern ...
Gasteyger Christoph - - 2010
It has not been studied yet whether factors such as the number of subjects recruited by specialized centers for multicenter trials may influence weight loss during a low-calorie diet (LCD). This study aimed at determining whether the number of recruited subjects per center might predict relative weight loss. This is ...
Tzotzas Themistoklis - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine changes of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25OHD) and PTH blood levels 4 and 20 wk after low-calorie diet-induced weight loss. METHODS: Forty-four obese women [aged 40.6 +/- 11.4 yr, body mass index (BMI) 36.7 +/- 4.9 kg/m(2)] and 25 controls (BMI 22.9 +/- ...
Richard C - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: No study has yet examined how weight loss modifies the impact of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on cardiovascular risk factors in men with the metabolic syndrome (MetS). The objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of MedDiet, with and without weight loss, to modify the ...
Schroder Kerstin E E - - 2010
In this pilot study, the effects of two computer-assisted dieting (CAD) interventions on weight loss and blood chemistry were examined among overweight and obese adults. Participants (91 community members, average age 42.6 years) were randomly assigned to CAD-only (a single-session introduction and provision of a dieting software, n = 30), ...
Matsuo T - - 2010
Objectives:It is generally agreed that excess abdominal fat, in particular visceral abdominal fat (VAF), is related to an increased risk for obesity-related complications. We examined the association between metabolic risk factors and maintaining VAF after weight loss intervention.Methods:A total of 54 postmenopausal, obese women who achieved a VAF loss of ...
Huntington Mark K - - 2010
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in this country. In an effort to address this major public health problem, people have adopted a variety of strategies. These include medical and surgical interventions, both rational and fad diets, exercise and assorted weight-loss dietary supplements. Recent U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) action ...
Li Zhaoping - - 2010
There is a widely held view that, due to high fat content, snacking on nuts will lead to weight gain, ultimately causing unhealthy changes in lipid profiles. This study is designed to study the effects of pistachio snack consumption on body weight and lipid levels in obese participants under real-world ...
Miller G D - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Physicians are often reluctant to advise older obese patients to lose weight for fear of compromised nutrition and excessive loss of muscle mass and strength, all of which may lead to a loss of independence and accelerate disability. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine nutrient intake ...
Hermsdorff Helen Hermana M - - 2011
The nutritional composition of the dietary intake could produce specific effects on metabolic variables and inflammatory marker concentrations. This study assessed the effects of two hypocaloric diets (legume-restricted- vs. legume-based diet) on metabolic and inflammatory changes, accompanying weight loss. Thirty obese subjects (17 M/13F; BMI: 32.5 ± 4.5 kg/m(2); 36 ± 8 years) were randomly assigned to ...
Marsh Kate A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are intrinsically insulin resistant and have a high risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Weight loss improves risk factors, but the optimal diet composition is unknown. Low-glycemic index (low-GI) diets are recommended without evidence of their clinical effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: We compared ...
Hochstenbach-Waelen A - - 2010
In the short-term, gelatin showed stronger hunger suppression and less energy intake compared with other proteins. This study investigated if a supra-sustained gelatin-milk protein (GMP) diet improves weight maintenance (WM) compared with a sustained milk protein (SMP) diet and supra-sustained milk protein (SSMP) diet during a 4-months WM period after ...
Okely Anthony D - - 2010
To evaluate whether a child-centered physical activity program, combined with a parent-centered dietary program, was more efficacious than each treatment alone, in preventing unhealthy weight-gain in overweight children. An assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial involving 165 overweight/obese 5.5- to 9.9- year-old children. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 interventions: ...
Kline G A - - 2010
Persons with obesity may be poor estimators of caloric content of food. Health care professionals encourage patients to consult nutritional labels as one strategy to assess and restrict caloric intake. Among subjects enrolled in a weight loss clinical trial, the objective is to determine the accuracy of subjects' estimates of ...
Ford Heather - - 2010
Much interest has been focused on the relationship between glycaemic index and body-weight loss, some of which is fueled by popular media. However, there is a number of potential mechanisms that could be triggered by reducing the glycaemic index of the carbohydrate consumed in the diet. For example, the effect ...
White Cheryl - - 2010
This study compared two types of dietary advice on weight loss, weight maintenance and quality of life in Scottish women. One hundred and twenty-six overweight/obese sedentary women were randomly assigned to either: Group 1, reduced energy, fat and sucrose; Group 2, reduced energy and fat only; or Group 3, control. ...
Engelsen Ola - - 2010
This paper reviews the main factors influencing the synthesis of vitamin D, with particular focus on ultraviolet radiation exposure. On the global level, the main source of vitamin D is the sun. The effect of solar radiation on vitamin D synthesis depends to some extent on the initial vitamin D ...
Lubrano C - - 2010
Obesity is an increasing health problem and surgery seems to be the only treatment effective in achieving weight loss without relapse. Among bariatric techniques, many differences exist in terms of weight loss and resolution of comorbidities. Up to now, there are no prospective studies comparing long-term effects of malabsorptive vs ...
Wyld Belinda - - 2010
The CSIRO Total Wellbeing Diet (TWD) publication is an evidence-based weight management strategy utilising a structured higher protein diet as part of a nutritionally balanced lifestyle programme. Despite its popularity, the impact of TWD on weight status, weight loss and food choices of Australians was unknown. An independent representative survey ...
Hansen Henrik H - - 2010
Tesofensine, a novel triple monoamine reuptake inhibitor, produces a significant weight loss in humans. The present study aimed at characterizing the weight-reducing effects of tesofensine in a rat model of diet-induced obesity. Sibutramine and rimonabant were used as reference comparators. Compared to baseline, long-term treatment with tesofensine (28 days, 1.0 ...
Mobashar Muhammad - - 2010
Ruminants are much less sensitive to ochratoxin A (OTA) than non-ruminants. The ruminal microbes, with protozoa being a central group, degrade the mycotoxin extensively, with disappearance half lives of 0.6-3.8 h. However, in some studies OTA was detected systemically when using sensitive analytical methods, probably due to some rumen bypass ...
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