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Harrison Sarah J SJ Department of Biology, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1S 5B6 - - 2014
Phosphorus has been identified as an important determinant of nutrition-related biological variation. The macronutrients protein (P) and carbohydrates (C), both alone and interactively, are known to affect animal performance. No study, however, has investigated the importance of phosphorus relative to dietary protein or carbohydrates, or the interactive effects of phosphorus ...
Russell Calum W CW Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2014
Various animals derive nutrients from symbiotic microorganisms with much-reduced genomes, but it is unknown whether, and how, the supply of these nutrients is regulated. Here, we demonstrate that the production of essential amino acids (EAAs) by the bacterium Buchnera aphidicola in the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum is elevated when aphids ...
Hernández-Alonso Pablo P Human Nutrition Unit, Biochemistry and Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitari Hospital of Sant Joan de Reus, IISPV, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, - - 2014
To examine whether a pistachio-rich diet reduces the prediabetes stage and improves its metabolic risk profile. Prediabetic subjects were recruited to participate in this Spanish randomized clinical trial between 20 September 2011 and 4 February 2013. In a crossover manner, 54 subjects consumed two diets, each for 4 months: a ...
Smith B K BK Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
The successful management of captive animals requires attention to multiple interconnected factors. One critical aspect of the daily life of a captive animal is the recommended and/or provisioned diet. This study focuses on the diets of zoo-housed gorillas. A national survey of diets among zoo-housed gorillas was conducted to examine ...
Nettleton Joyce A JA Science Voice Consulting, Denver, Colo., - - 2014
A symposium on the health significance of dietary fat in the prevention and treatment of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) was held at the 20th International Congress of Nutrition in Granada, Spain, on September 19, 2013. Four nutrition experts addressed the topics of dietary fat and obesity, effects of dietary fat ...
Carmody Rachel N - - 2014
Our associated microbial communities play a critical role in human health and predisposition to disease, but the degree to which they also shape therapeutic interventions is not well understood. Here, we integrate results from classic and current studies of the direct and indirect impacts of the gut microbiome on the ...
Oliveira Larissa Marques Tondin de LM Department of Clinical Nutrition, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, PR, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Modifiable risk factors for kidney stones, such as diet and nutritional status, are targets in the treatment and prevention of nephrolithiasis. The aim of the present study was to assess the nutritional state and energy and nutrient adequacy of patients with nephrolithiasis via anthropometric evaluation, dietary inquiry, and urine biochemistry. ...
Shik J Z JZ Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Washington, Ancon, Panama; Centre for Social Evolution, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Organisms have diverse adaptations for balancing dietary nutrients, but often face trade-offs between ingesting nutrients and toxins in food. While extremely omnivorous cockroaches would seem excluded from such dietary trade-offs, German cockroaches (Blattella germanica) in multiple populations have rapidly evolved a unique dietary specialization - an aversion to glucose, the ...
Walthouwer Michel Jean Louis MJ School for Public Health and Primary Care (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands; Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Developing nutrition education interventions based on clusters of dietary patterns can only be done adequately when it is clear if distinctive clusters of dietary patterns can be derived and reproduced over time, if cluster membership is stable, and if it is predictable which type of people belong to a certain ...
McCue Marshall D MD Department of Biological Sciences, St. Mary's University, San Antonio, - - 2014
During acclimatization to winter, changes in morphology and physiology combined with changes in diet may affect how animals use the nutrients they ingest. To study (a) how thermal acclimation and (b) nutritional history affect the rates at which Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) oxidize different classes of dietary nutrients, we conducted ...
Gusha Jacob J Para-Clinical Department of Veterinary Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Studies, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe, - - 2014
Nutrition is a major constraint in smallholder livestock production; hence, the use of alternative sources which are adaptive to long dry seasons is imperative. The study was conducted to establish options of improving nutrition and palatability and also to determine the performance of goats fed on cactus-browse hay as dry ...
Willoughby Jennifer L JL Department of Pediatric Nutrition Support, Cleveland Clinic Children's, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Zinc is a commonly overlooked deficiency in developed countries, occurring in infants, children, and adolescents during critical growth periods. The purpose of this review is to present the evidence of zinc deficiencies and toxicities as well as treatment in pediatrics. During the last decade, the significance of zinc deficiency in ...
Henriques João J Institute of Aquaculture, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling,StirlingFK9 - - 2014
In the present study, salmon products available from UK retailers were analysed to determine the levels of n-3 long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA), a key determinant of nutritional quality. There was a wide variation in the proportions and absolute contents of EPA and DHA in the products. Relatively high contents of 18 : 1n-9, ...
Costa Monica - - 2014
Anaerobic cellulolytic bacteria organize a comprehensive range of cellulases and hemicellulases in high molecular weight multi enzyme complexes termed cellulosomes. Integration of cellulosomal components occurs via highly ordered protein:protein interactions between cohesins and dockerins. Here we report the production of mini-cellulosomes containing one (GH16-1C) or three (GH16-3C) copies of Clostridium ...
Van Den Ende C C Faculty of Earth- & Life Sciences, Section Public Health, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan, 1085, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between dietary intake and BMI of primary school children from a rural area of South Africa cross-sectionally. Both under and over nutrition remain major health problems in South Africa. In rural areas, where especially undernutrition leads to child morbidity and mortality, determinants should be detected. Data ...
Liu F F Institute of Plant Protection,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing,People's Republic of - - 2014
Insect artificial diets are the foundation for mass production of insect predators. Whether there is an influence of long-term rearing with artificial diet on the control ability of predators should be considered. Here, we focused on the effect of nutritional history on the functional response of Geocoris pallidipennis to Myzus ...
Reguła Julita J Department of Human Nutrition and Hygiene, Poznań University of Life Sciences, - - 2014
 Introduction. The aim of the study was to assess the intake of vitamins and minerals from the food ration and levels recorded after synthetic supplementation in patients following a gluten-free diet. Material and methods. The study included a cohort of 25 individuals aged 20-54. Nutrient intakes were assessed based on ...
Villaverde Cecilia C Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments (Animal and Food Science Department), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Edifici V, Campus UAB, Bellaterra 08193, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary macronutrients include protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Current nutritional recommendations establish minimums but not maximums for protein and fat but not for carbohydrates; thus, commercial feline maintenance diets have a wide range of macronutrient distribution depending on manufacturer, ingredients, and processing. There is growing interest and discussion, however, in defining ...
Parr Jacqueline M JM Clinical Nutrition Service, Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road West, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada; On Parr Nutrition, Inc, Guelph, ON N1G4S7, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of this article was to provide veterinary practitioners with an overview of the types of alternative dietary options available to pet owners and a practical method by which to evaluate the nutritional adequacy of these various options. Our approach to categorizing the alternative dietary options is based on ...
Kostecka Małgorzata M Małgorzata Kostecka, Department of Food and Biotechnology, Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, University of Life Science, Lublin, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the diet for its effect on normal bone mineralization and qualitative analysis of dietary supplements used in the prevention of osteoporosis. Research data were acquired based on a questionnaire developed by the author. A 24-hour diet recall method was used with the ...
Anand Deepika D Department of Food and Nutrition, Institute of Home Economics, University of Delhi, New Delhi, - - 2014
Importance of nutrition in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is well-established; however, the information regarding the diet quality of people living with HIV (PLHIV) especially in India is lacking. The objective of this study is to assess the anthropometric and nutritional profile of Indian PLHIV. The study was performed on 400 ...
Sigall-Boneh Rotem R *Pediatric Gastroenterology Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, †Epidemiology Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, and ‡Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Holon, - - 2014
Exclusive enteral nutrition is effective for inducing remission in active pediatric Crohn's disease. Partial enteral nutrition (PEN) with free diet is ineffective for inducing remission, suggesting that the mechanism depends on exclusion of free diet. We developed an alternative diet based on PEN with exclusion of dietary components hypothesized to ...
Cabrera M C MC Depto. Producción Animal & Pasturas, Laboratorio Nutrición & Calidad de Alimentos, Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de la República, Garzón 809, Montevideo, Uruguay; Fisiología & Nutrición, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República, Calle Igúa 4225, Montevideo, Uruguay. Electronic address: - - 2014
The southern region of South America, a subtropical and temperate zone, is an important region for the production of beef and lamb meat, which is mainly produced in extensive pasture-based systems. Because of its content in highly valuable nutrients such as iron, zinc, selenium, fatty acids, and vitamins, meat is ...
De Palo Pasquale P Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Valenzano, Bari, - - 2014
The present work describes the effect of nutritive level on horse carcass traits and on meat quality. Eighteen male Italian Heavy Draught Horse (IHDH) breed foals were employed in the study. Soon after foaling they were randomly subdivided into three groups according to three nutritive level classes: 150%, 180% and ...
Marcotorchino Julie J INRA, UMR 1260, F-13385 Marseille, France; INSERM, UMR 1062, Nutrition, Obésité et Risque Thrombotique, F-13385 Marseille, France; Aix-Marseille Université Faculté de Médecine, F-13385 Marseille, - - 2014
Prospective studies reported an inverse correlation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] plasma levels and prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes. In addition, 25(OH)D status may be a determinant of obesity onset. However, the causality between these observations is not yet established. We studied the preventive effect of vitamin D3 (VD3) ...
Singer Michael S MS Department of Biology, Wesleyan University, 52 Lawn Avenue, Middletown, CT 06459, USA; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA; Department of Biology, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV 89557, USA - - 2014
A rapidly advancing area of ecological immunology concerns the effects of diet on animals' immunological responses to parasites and pathogens. Here, we focus on diet-mediated ecological immunology in herbivorous insects, in part because these organisms commonly experience nutritional limitations from their diets of plants. Nutritional immunology highlights nutrient-based trade-offs between ...
Ihle Kate E KE Arizona State University, School of Life Sciences, Tempe, AZ, USA; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Ancon, Panamá, Panamá. Electronic address: - - 2014
The rise in metabolic disorders in the past decades has heightened focus on achieving a healthy dietary balance in humans. This is also an increasingly important issue in the management of honey bees (Apis mellifera) where poor nutrition has negative effects on health and productivity in agriculture, and nutrition is ...
Czyżewska-Majchrzak Lucja L Department of Physiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, - - 2014
The pharmacological treatment of type 2 diabetes is increasingly being supported by the recommendation of an appropriate diet. The purpose of this study is to identify the potential benefits and risks arising from the use of one of the modern models of low-carbohydrate diet in patients with type 2 diabetes. ...
Schmid Ryan B - - 2014
The nutrients found in prey and nonprey foods, and relative digestibility of these foods, has a major influence on diet selection by omnivorous insects. Many insects have developed symbiotic relationships with gut bacteria to help with extracting nutrition from nonprey diets. Gryllus pennsylvanicus (Burmeister) (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) was assigned to one ...
Pedrosa Mercedes M MM Dpto. Tecnología de Alimentos, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Ctra. de la Coruña, Km. 7.5, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
This study investigated the changes produced by canning in the proximate composition and in the bioactive constituents of two "ready to eat" Spanish beans. The foremost difference in the raw beans corresponded to the lectin: a higher content was found in raw Curruquilla beans (16.50mg 100mg(-1)) compared with raw Almonga ...
Ley Sylvia H SH Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2014
In the past couple of decades, evidence from prospective observational studies and clinical trials has converged to support the importance of individual nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. The quality of dietary fats and carbohydrates consumed is more crucial than is the ...
Evans Jennifer R JR International Centre for Eye Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, - - 2014
To summarise the results of recent Cochrane systematic reviews that have investigated whether nutritional supplements prevent or slow the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There is no good evidence from randomised controlled trials that the general population should be taking antioxidant vitamin supplements to reduce their risk of developing ...
Panserat Stéphane S INRA, UR1067 Nutrition Metabolism Aquaculture (NUMEA), French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA),Aquapôle, - - 2014
The glucokinase (GK) enzyme (EC 2.7.1.1.) is essential for the use of dietary glucose because it is the first enzyme to phosphorylate glucose in excess in different key tissues such as the pancreas and liver. The objective of the present review is not to fully describe the biochemical characteristics and ...
Murphy Aoife M AM Nutrigenomics Research Group, UCD Conway Institute & UCD Institute of Food & Health, School of Public Health, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
Current interest in obesity has established a clear link between diets high in fat and metabolic complications such as Type 2 Diabetes. Dietary fats and their metabolites act as stressors to induce a pro-inflammatory immune response which dysregulates many essential metabolic functions. Recent research suggests that different dietary fats may ...
Parackal Sherly M SM 1School of Population Health, Faculty of Medical and Health Science,The University of Auckland,Bldg 730,261 Morrin Road,Glen Innes,Pvt Bag 92019,Auckland,New - - 2014
To investigate similarities and differences in dietary habits, nutrient intakes and health outcomes of South Asians (SA) and East and South-East Asians (ESEA) and the New Zealand European and Other (NZEO) group, and to examine differences within 'Asian' subgroups according to duration of residence. Nutrient intake data from 24 h ...
Bosnic Gordana G Food and Nutrition Department, Winchester Hospital, 41 Highland Avenue, Winchester, MA 01890, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article presents an overview of postoperative nutritional requirements and goals following bariatric surgery. It summarizes current diet progression and nutrient intake guidelines geared toward optimizing weight loss and maintaining adequate nutritional status, nutrient absorption, as well as hydration. The article further emphasizes the importance of postoperative follow-up with a ...
Lee Jaeri J 0000-0002-6518-0917 Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nutritional supplements on periodontal health and tooth mobility after surgery. Patients were randomly assigned to an intervention group who consumed nutritional supplement drinks for 8 weeks, while the placebo group did not receive any such supplements. The gingival index ...
King Dana E DE From the Department of Family Medicine, West Virginia School of Medicine, - - 2014
The dietary habits of baby boomers (people born between 1946 and 1964) undoubtedly will have a substantial impact on their future health; however, dietary information regarding the intake of key chronic disease-related nutrients is lacking for this generation. The objective of this study was to compare the dietary intake of ...
Frost Paul C PC *Department of Biology, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario K9J 7B8, Canada; Environmental and Life Sciences Graduate Program, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario K9J 7B8, Canada - - 2014
The nutritional history of an organism is often difficult to ascertain. Nonetheless, this information on past diet can be particularly important when explaining the role of nutrition in physiological responses and ecological dynamics. One approach to infer the past dietary history of an individual is through characterization of its nutritional ...
Cho Seongbeom - - 2014
Prior studies focused on bioaccumulation of mercury (Hg) and on large, long-lived fish species as the major environmental source of Hg, but little is known about consumption of small-sized fish or about non-dietary determinants of circulating Hg levels. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whole blood mercury concentration ...
Lewis Robin R Sheffield Hallam - - 2014
A healthy diet optimises wound healing and recovery. Malnutrition describes any imbalance between a patient's nutritional intake and requirements, and can affect recovery from illness or surgery.
Hoffman M L ML Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, - - 2014
To determine if poor maternal nutrition alters growth, body composition, circulating growth factors, and expression of genes involved in the development of muscle and adipose of offspring, 24 Dorset and Shropshire ewes were fed either 100% (control fed), 60% (restricted fed), or 126% (over fed) of National Research Council requirements. ...
Humphrey Maureen M Metabolic Genetics, Victorian Clinical Genetic Services, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, The Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria, Melbourne 3052, Australia; Department of Nutrition and Food Services, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria, Melbourne 3052, Australia; Be Active Sleep Eat (BASE) Facility, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Monash University, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Level 1, 264 Ferntree Gully Road, VIC 3168, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary restrictions required to manage individuals with inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) are essential for metabolic control, however may result in an increased risk to both short and long-term nutritional status. Dietary factors most likely to influence nutritional status include energy intake, protein quality and quantity, micronutrient intake and the ...
Rodriguez Julie J Institute of Neuroscience, Université catholique de Louvain, Place Pierre de Coubertin-1, bte L8.10.01, 1348, Louvain-la-Neuve, - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that polyphenol-rich extracts can reduce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) in skeletal muscle of mice. Mice were randomly assigned to four groups receiving during 20 weeks either a standard chow control (CTRL), or a HFD supplemented, or not, with pomegranate (HFD + P) or ...
Bapodra Priya P The Wilds, Cumberland, - - 2014
Circulating concentrations of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, and E, minerals, fatty acids, and lipids were quantified in five captive greater one-horned rhinoceroses (Rhinoceros unicornis) throughout two time periods, during which two diets were offered. Animals were fed mixed-grass hay and concentrate pellets while managed in barns for winter housing (April ...
Murphy A D AD Department of Biological Sciences, Ohio University, Athens, OH, - - 2014
The adaptive benefits of maternal investment into individual offspring (inherited environmental effects) will be shaped by selection on mothers as well as their offspring, often across variable environments. We examined how a mother's nutritional environment interacted with her offspring's nutritional and social environment in Xiphophorus multilineatus, a live-bearing fish. Fry ...
Richard Nadège N CCMAR-CIMAR L.A., Centro de Ciências do Mar do Algarve, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139, Faro, - - 2014
Nutritional factors strongly influence fish larval development and skeletogenesis, and may induce skeletal deformities. Vitamin K (VK) has been largely disregarded in aquaculture nutrition, despite its important roles in bone metabolism, in γ-carboxylation of Gla proteins, and in regulating gene expression through the pregnane X receptor (Pxr). Since the mechanisms ...
Teixeira Vitor Hugo VH a Faculdade de Ciências da Nutrição e Alimentação da Universidade do Porto , Porto , - - 2014
Abstract There is a paucity of dietary data in football referees. In this study, 23 elite main and assistant referees (34.4 ± 5.6 years) completed a 7-day dietary record during the competitive season. No nutritional intake differences were observed between main and assistant referees. Referees' mean daily energy intake (DEI) was 2819 ± 279 kcal. The ...
Amjad Sohail S University College of Pharmacy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, - - 2014
In Pakistan, a funded flour fortification program was launched for malnourished population, residing mainly in rural low income areas, but the urban population having comparatively better nutritional as well as economic status was focused wherein excessive intake of fortificants might cause complications. Therefore, the present study describes the physicochemical properties, ...
Johnson Patricia J - - 2014
A recent review of macronutrients in parenteral nutrition (PN) in the NICU population summarized the carbohydrate, protein, and fat nutrients in PN.1 The purpose of this article is to review the other nutrients in PN that are important for growth and homeostasis including minerals or electrolytes, vitamins, and trace elements. ...
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