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Guertin Kristin A KA Nutritional Epidemiology Branch (KAG, SCM, QX, RZS-S, RS, and AJC), the Biostatistics Branch (JNS), and the Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology Branch (W-YH), Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, - - 2014
Metabolomics is an emerging field with the potential to advance nutritional epidemiology; however, it has not yet been applied to large cohort studies. Our first aim was to identify metabolites that are biomarkers of usual dietary intake. Second, among serum metabolites correlated with diet, we evaluated metabolite reproducibility and required ...
Qi Lu L Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health , Boston, Massachusetts , USA , and Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School , Boston, Massachusetts , - - 2014
The past few decades have witnessed a rapid rise in nutrition-related disorders such as obesity in the United States and over the world. Traditional nutrition research has associated various foods and nutrients with obesity. Recent advances in genomics have led to identification of the genetic variants determining body weight and ...
Kleber Marcus E ME Medical Clinic V (Nephrology, Hypertensiology, Endocrinology, Diabetology, Rheumatology), Medical Faculty Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Epidemiological, clinical, and experimental evidence has accumulated during the last decades suggesting that high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) may protect from atherosclerosis and its clinical consequences. However, more than 55 years after the first description of the link between HDL and heart attacks, many facets of the biochemistry, function, and clinical significance of ...
Masset Gabriel G Unité Mixte de Recherche "Nutrition, Obesity and Risk of Thrombosis," Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Aix- Marseille Université, Marseille, France (GM, FV, and ND); AgroParisTech, Nutrition Physiology and Ingestive Behavior, Paris, France and Danone Research, Global Nutrition Department, Palaiseau, France (EOV); and UR "Aliss," Ivry sur Seine, France (L-GS and - - 2014
Studies on theoretical diets are not sufficient to implement sustainable diets in practice because of unknown cultural acceptability. In contrast, self-selected diets can be considered culturally acceptable. The objective was to identify the most sustainable diets consumed by people in everyday life. The diet-related greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) for self-selected ...
Steyn Nelia P NP Centre for the Study of Social and Environmental Determinants of Nutrition; Population Health, Health Systems and Innovation, Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South - - 2014
This review illustrates the outcomes of the nutrition transition in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and its association with overweight and obesity; the relationship with the double burden of malnutrition is also explored. We describe the increase in overweight in nearly all Sub-Saharan African countries and present data on associated increased gross ...
Lemes Simone Ferreira SF Mestrado em Biociências, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso , Cuiabá, MT , Brazil - - 2014
Abstract We assessed the biological value of an okara diet and its effects on the hormonal and metabolic profile of rats submitted to protein restriction during intra-uterine life and lactation and recovered after weaning. Male rats from mothers fed either 17% or 6% protein during pregnancy and lactation were maintained ...
Wyss F F Institute of Animal Pathology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, - - 2014
Pododermatitis is a worldwide problem in captive flamingos. Studies in domestic poultry showed that nutrition is a possible influencing factor for pododermatitis. Vitamin A and E, copper and zinc levels were analysed in two different diets (diet 1 = in-house mix and diet 2 = commercial diet) and in plasma of captive greater flamingos ...
Li Quanfeng - - 2014
This experiment was conducted to determine the nutritive value of corn from the north of China for growing pigs. The experiment examined corn variety (LS1, LS2, LS3 and LS4) grown in one location, drying method (sun dried and artificially dried) and different drying temperatures. Corn harvested at 20-25% moisture was ...
Vegge Andreas A Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Diabetes Pharmacology, Novo Nordisk A/S, - - 2014
Rapid transition from total parenteral nutrition (TPN) to enteral feeding is a risk factor for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. We hypothesized that partial enteral nutrition with colostrum, increased proportion of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), or exclusion of lipid in TPN would affect short term NEC sensitivity and ...
Paoli Pier P PP Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, - - 2014
Dietary sources of essential amino acids (EAAs) are used for growth, somatic maintenance and reproduction. Eusocial insect workers such as honeybees are sterile, and unlike other animals, their nutritional needs should be largely dictated by somatic demands that arise from their role within the colony. Here, we investigated the extent ...
Balstad Trude R TR European Palliative Care Research Centre (PRC), Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, - - 2014
A systematical literature review evaluating the effect of dietary counseling in treating weight loss and improving energy intake in patients with advanced cancer with different stages of cachexia. Five publications were retrieved, of which three were randomized. Two out of five studies showed less weight loss with dietary counseling (+1% ...
Mooradian Arshag D AD Department of Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, 653-1 West 8th Street, 4th Floor, LRC, Jacksonville, FL, 32209, USA, - - 2014
One of the factors contributing to the increased risk of developing premature atherosclerosis is low plasma concentrations of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Multiple potential mechanisms account for the cardioprotective effects of HDL and its main protein apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I). Diet has an important role in modulating HDL cholesterol level. ...
Wang Dingfa D Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Danzhou, 571737, Hainan, People's Republic of - - 2014
This study assessed the effects of different nutrition levels of diets on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Hainan black goat. Twenty-four goats were divided into six diet treatments, which consisted of two levels of crude protein (CP; 15 and 17 %) and three levels of digestive energy (DE; 11.72, 12.55, ...
Miranda J J Gluten Analysis Laboratory of University of the Basque Country, Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Vitoria, - - 2014
The gluten-free (GF) products market represents one of the most prosperous markets in the field of food and beverages in the immediate future. Historically, counselling for celiac disease has focused on the absence of gluten in foods, however the nutritional quality of GF foodstuffs is an important aspect to consider. ...
Wong Adam C-N AC Cornell University, United - - 2014
Animal nutrition is profoundly influenced by the gut microbiota, but knowledge of the scope and underlying mechanisms of the underlying animal-microbial interactions is fragmentary. To investigate the nutritional traits shaped by the gut microbiota of Drosophila, we determined the microbiota-dependent response of multiple metabolic and performance indices to systematically-varied diet ...
May Philip A PA University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Nutrition Research Institute, Gillings School of Global Public Health, USA; The University of New Mexico Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions (CASAA), Albuquerque, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, we describe the nutritional status of women from a South African community with very high rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Nutrient intake (24-hours recall) of mothers of children with FASD was compared to mothers of normal controls. Nutrient adequacy was assessed using Dietary Reference Intakes ...
Corby-Harris Vanessa - - 2014
Honey bees (Apis mellifera) contribute substantially to the worldwide economy and ecosystem health as pollinators. Pollen is essential to the bee's diet, providing protein, lipids, and micronutrients. The dramatic shifts in physiology, anatomy, and behavior that accompany normal worker development are highly plastic and recent work demonstrates that development, particularly ...
Cruz-Castillo J G JG Centro Regional Universitario Oriente, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Huatusco, Veracruz, - - 2014
In 2008, in Central Italy, a low dosage of CPPU solution, 4μLL(-1) (6hL/ha), was sprayed on the canopy of vines of 'Hayward' kiwifruit, at the "break of sepals", about one week before anthesis, to study its effects on fruit weight/size and on qualitative and nutritional characteristics. At harvest, CPPU, with ...
Mercer Aaron J AJ 1University of - - 2014
Hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons constitute a critical anorexigenic node in the CNS for maintaining energy balance. These neurons directly affect energy expenditure and feeding behavior by releasing bioactive neuropeptides, but are also subject to signals directly related to nutritional state such as the adipokine leptin. To further investigate the interaction ...
de Betue C T I CT Intensive Care and Department of Pediatric Surgery, Erasmus MC - Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adequate nutritional intake is essential during pediatric intensive care admission. We investigated whether achievement of energy intake goals at day 4 after admission and route of nutrition were associated with improved outcome. Observational study using prospectively acquired data. Patients receiving enteral and/or parenteral nutrition were included. The energy intake target ...
Gupta V V Department of Neonatology and *Dietetics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. Correspondence to: Dr. Sridhar Santhanam, Professor, Department of Neonatology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. - - 2014
Treatment for congenital chylothorax is based on adequate drainage of the pleural fluid and total parenteral nutrition followed by re-establishment of feeds using medium-chain-triglycerides based milk formulas which are expensive and not easily available. Two newborns (one term and one preterm) with congenital chylothorax. Skimmed milk preparation for enteral nutrition ...
Soldati Laura - - 2014
Nephrolithiasis is more frequent and severe in obese patients from different western nations. This may be supported by higher calcium, urate, oxalate excretion in obese stone formers. Except these parameters, clinical characteristics of obese stone formers were not extensively explored. In the present paper we studied the relationship between obesity ...
Walhout Albertha J M AJ Program in Systems Biology, Program in Molecular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diet affects cellular metabolism and organismal life history traits. Pang and Curran (2014) use Caenorhabditis elegans and its bacterial diets to unveil genetic perturbations in proline catabolism that shorten lifespan, but, only on specific Escherichia coli diets, thereby unveiling a genome-encoded adaptive response to different nutritional states.
Dawson Dolphus R DR - - 2014
Dietary supplementation has traditionally consisted of adding vitamins and/or minerals to correct or prevent a nutritional deficiency. When supplementing the diet with other inflammatory mediators, such as essential fatty acids, there is an adjunctive benefit to the standard therapies used in the control of chronic inflammatory diseases such as Crohn's ...
Theethira Thimmaiah G TG The Celiac Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Celiac disease is a chronic small intestinal immune-mediated enteropathy precipitated by exposure to dietary gluten in genetically predisposed individuals and represents a major health issue. The immune mediated response results in villous atrophy of the small intestine with subsequent malabsorption. The classic mode of presentation is that of a malabsorption ...
Kokanović Ana A 1General Hospital "Dr. Josip Benčević", Slavonski Brod, 2Department of Food and Nutrition Research, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek; - - 2014
The study was aimed at assessing eating habits of adolescent population, diagnosed with one or more cardiovascular risks (CVR) before and two months after the individual dietary intervention. Food frequency questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure and biochemical measurements with individual nutrition education were conducted on a group of 17 adolescents ...
Zambrano Marina B MB a PostGraduate Program in Child and Adolescent Health, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul , Porto Alegre , - - 2014
Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess anthropometric measurements, nutritional status, dietary intake, and body fat percentage of pediatric patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Method: A cross-sectional study evaluated 63 OI patients from 0 to 19 years of age. We analyzed anthropometric measurements, mobility, bisphosphonate treatment, body fat ...
Kwon Yong-Seok YS Department of Agrofood Resources, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Suwon 441-853, - - 2014
This study was conducted to investigate nutrient consumption by Korean adults in various places. To accomplish this, we used the 1998-2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Subjects of this investigation were over 19 years and the study included 37,160 people. The meals were categorized as breakfast, lunch, ...
Himmelgreen David A DA Department of Anthropology, University of South Florida, 4202 E. Fowler Ave, SOC 107,Tampa, FL 33620, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this paper is to examine the role and impact that globalization and migration (e.g., intra-/intercontinental, urban/rural, and circular) have had on diet patterns, diet quality, and energy balance as reported on in the literature during the last 20 years. Published literature from the fields of anthropology, public ...
Bekkouche L L Laboratoire de Nutrition Clinique et Métabolique, Université d'Oran, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Oran, - - 2014
This study was aimed to explore the effects of Mediterranean diet (MD) adoption on insulin resistance, oxidative, and inflammatory status in metabolic syndrome (MS) patients. Eighty four patients with MS were randomly recruited in the medical centers of Oran, Algeria. Eighteen healthy participants were selected as a control group. Among ...
Duraski Sylvia A SA Brain Injury Medicine and Rehabilitation Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
In the United States, traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a serious health problem contributing to lifelong disability. Little has been written about nutrition problems experienced postrehabilitation discharge. Our objective was to describe the nutrition and weight management characteristics of TBI survivors after discharge from rehabilitation and to identify characteristics of ...
Springvloet Linda - - 2014
Despite decades of nutrition education, the prevalence of unhealthy dietary patterns is still high and inequalities in intake between high and low socioeconomic groups still exist. Therefore, it is important to innovate and improve existing nutrition education interventions. This paper describes the development, design and evaluation protocol of a web-based ...
Arentson-Lantz Emily J EJ The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston 77555-0144 - - 2014
Few data exist on the impact of maternal weight gain on offspring despite evidence demonstrating that early-life environment precipitates risks for metabolic syndrome. We hypothesized that excessive weight gain during pregnancy results in programming that predisposes offspring to obesity and metabolic syndrome. We further hypothesized that early postweaning nutrition alters ...
Colinet Hervé H Université de Rennes 1, UMR CNRS 6553 Ecobio, 263 Avenue du Gal Leclerc, CS 74205, 35042 Rennes, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The impact of nutritional factors on insect's life-history traits such as reproduction and lifespan has been excessively examined; however, nutritional determinant of insect's thermal tolerance has not received a lot of attention. Dietary live yeast represents a prominent source of proteins and amino acids for laboratory-reared drosophilids. In this study, ...
Carrero Juan Jesús JJ Division of Nephrology and Center for Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, - - 2014
Dietary management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) focusses on limiting the intake of substances that might accumulate to toxic levels (such as potassium, phosphorus or salt) and, although still a matter of debate for some, restricting dietary protein to retard kidney damage. Recent evidence brings the opportunity to revisit the ...
Kafri M W MW Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is considered as the reference method in assessing fat-free and fat mass but is costly and not a pragmatic option in daily clinical practice. If devices based on multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MF-BIA), which are cheaper and portable, are valid and reliable in measuring body ...
Vetter Marion L ML Center for Weight and Eating Disorders, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. - - 2014
Diet plays an integral role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Unfortunately, many patients with T2DM do not have access to a registered dietitian or certified diabetes educator, and rates of physician counseling about diet remain low. This article provides an overview of the current recommendations for ...
Maki Kevin C KC Department of Metabolic Sciences, Biofortis Clinical Research, Addison, - - 2014
Data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provide the strongest evidence for establishing relations between exposures, including dietary exposures, and health outcomes. However, not all diet and health outcome relations can be practically or ethically evaluated by using RCTs; therefore, many dietary recommendations are supported by evidence primarily from observational data, ...
Kay Adam D AD Department of Biology, University of St. Thomas, , St. Paul, MN, USA, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, , Brighton, UK, Graduate Program in EEB, Department of Zoology, University of Oklahoma, , Norman, OK, USA, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, , Balboa, Republic of - - 2014
Increased potential for disease transmission among nest-mates means living in groups has inherent costs. This increased potential is predicted to select for disease resistance mechanisms that are enhanced by cooperative exchanges among group members, a phenomenon known as social immunity. One potential mediator of social immunity is diet nutritional balance ...
Aoki Yutaka - - 2014
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2012. One-quarter (25.6%) of non-Hispanic Asian adults aged 20 and over had hypertension in 2011-2012. Approximately 1 in 10 non-Hispanic Asian adults had high total cholesterol. Just over 14% of non-Hispanic Asian adults had low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Just ...
Pauli Jonathan N JN Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, , Madison, WI 53706, USA, USDA-ARS, Department of Entomology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, , Madison, WI 53706, USA, Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, , Madison, WI 53706, USA, USDA-ARS, Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, , Madison, WI 53706, USA, Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, , Blacksburg, VA 24061, - - 2014
Arboreal herbivory is rare among mammals. The few species with this lifestyle possess unique adaptions to overcome size-related constraints on nutritional energetics. Sloths are folivores that spend most of their time resting or eating in the forest canopy. A three-toed sloth will, however, descend its tree weekly to defecate, which ...
Uylaşer Vildan V a Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture , Uludag University , Gorukle-Campus , 16059 , Bursa , - - 2014
The olive tree (Olea europaea) is widely cultivated for the production of both oil and table olives and very significant because of its economic value. Olive and olive oil, a traditional food product with thousands of years of history, are the essential components of the Mediterranean diet and are largely ...
Castro-Quezada Itandehui I Department of Clinical Sciences, Health Sciences Faculty, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Luis Pasteur s/n, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35016, Spain. - - 2014
The Mediterranean dietary pattern, through a healthy profile of fat intake, low proportion of carbohydrate, low glycemic index, high content of dietary fiber, antioxidant compounds, and anti-inflammatory effects, reduces the risk of certain pathologies, such as cancer or Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Nutritional adequacy is the comparison between the nutrient requirement ...
Frago Enric E Université Laval, Faculté de foresterie et de géomatique, Québec, - - 2014
Food shortage is a common situation in nature but little is known about the strategies animals use to overcome it. This lack of knowledge is especially true for outbreaking insects, which commonly experience nutritional stress for several successive generations when they reach high population densities. The aim of this study ...
Su Qi Q College of Plant Protection, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, Hunan, People's Republic of China ; Department of Plant Protection, Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
The whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) harbors several bacterial symbionts. Among the secondary (facultative) symbionts, Hamiltonella has high prevalence and high infection frequencies, suggesting that it may be important for the biology and ecology of its hosts. Previous reports indicated that Hamiltonella increases whitefly fitness and, based on the ...
Machado de Sousa Luna Rezende LR Graduate student in Multidisciplinary Residency in Family Health at the Federal University of Paraná. Brazil.. - - 2014
Introducción: Existe un creciente uso de la terapia enteral domiciliaria, lo que reduce los costes y mejora la calidad de vida para los pacientes. Las dietas elaboradas con alimentos caseros están siendo usadas comúnmente en los domicilios de los países subdesarrollados, pero estos varían en composición y características dependiendo de ...
Lamacchia Carmela C Department of Food Science, University of Foggia, Via Napoli 25, 71100 - Foggia, Italy. - - 2014
The gluten-free diet is, to date, the only efficacious treatment for patients with Celiac Disease. In recent years, the impressive rise of Celiac Disease incidence, dramatically prompted changes in the dietary habit of an increasingly large population, with a rise in demand of gluten-free products. The formulation of gluten-free bakery ...
Wing-Gaia Stacie L SL Division of Nutrition, University of Utah, 250 South 1850 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA. - - 2014
Exposure to extreme altitude presents many physiological challenges. In addition to impaired physical and cognitive function, energy imbalance invariably occurs resulting in weight loss and body composition changes. Weight loss, and in particular, loss of fat free mass, combined with the inherent risks associated with extreme environments presents potential performance, ...
Paoli Antonio A Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Padova 35131, Italy. - - 2014
Obesity is reaching epidemic proportions and is a strong risk factor for a number of cardiovascular and metabolic disorders such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, and also certain types of cancers. Despite the constant recommendations of health care organizations regarding the importance of weight control, this goal often ...
Waters D L DL Debra L. Waters, University of New Mexico, School of Medicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, New Mexico VA Health Care System, Section of Geriatrics, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108, University of Otago, Dunedin School of Medicine, Dunedin, New Zealand 9054, debra.waters@va.gov or - - 2014
Objectives: Assess sex-specific nutritional intake and dietary habits of independently living older adults with normal and slow gait speeds. Design: New Mexico Aging Process Study, cross-sectional, secondary data analysis. Setting: Albuquerque, New Mexico USA. Participants: Three-hundred fifteen adults 60 years and older (194 women and 121 men). Measurements: Gait speed ...
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