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Daneshvar Pooya - - 2013
Young athletes have more nutritional needs than other adolescents because of physical activity and physical development. Optimal athletic performance results from a combination of factors including training, body composition, and nutrition. Despite the increased interest in nutrition and use of dietary supplements to enhance performance, some athletes might be consuming ...
Champ Colin E - - 2013
Recent data reveals that dietary factors may influence outcomes in patients undergoing cancer treatment. However, patient-centered information on dietary recommendations is limited. In this study, we assessed dietary recommendations for cancer patients during treatment and survivorship by evaluating the websites of all National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) member institutions. NCCN ...
Meyer A M - - 2013
To investigate effects of nutritional plane and Se supply during gestation on neonatal offspring visceral organ mass and intestinal growth and vascularity, 84 nulliparous Rambouillet ewes (age = 240 ± 17 d, BW = 52.1 ± 6.2 kg), were allocated to a 2 × 3 factorial design. Ewes were fed ...
Martins Filipa M S - - 2013
The production of high quality amphibian larvae through optimal diets is a critical component of amphibian conservation breeding programs. Larval period, survival, body weight and total length are frequently used as metrics of adequate nutrition. However, the effects of nutrition on tadpole and metamorph morphology are rarely tested in detail. ...
Navas-Carretero Santiago - - 2013
Abstract This study evaluated the influence of curd consumption (a dairy product in which most whey proteins are discarded) on nutritional status markers and on gastrointestinal symptoms through an open-label randomized nutritional intervention. A total of 20 males and 20 females were involved in the study. Body weight and plasma ...
Myhre Jannicke B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between dinner eating location and the nutritional quality of the specific dinner meal and the whole-day dietary intake and to compare the diets of those consuming ≥25 % of energy out of home and at school/work (SOH; substantial out-of-home eaters) with those consuming <25 % ...
Gaskin K J - - 2013
Over the last 30 years, major advances have occurred in our understanding of the disorder cystic fibrosis (CF) with the discoveries of the underlying chloride transport defect and the 'CF gene', the CF transmembrane conductance regulator gene. Equally important from a clinical and patient perspective are the improvements in median ...
Greenwood Daniel I - - 2013
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurological disease with high risk of malnutrition. Symptoms of dysphagia, depression, cognitive impairment, difficulty with self-feeding and meal preparation, hypermetabolism, anxiety, respiratory insufficiency, and fatigue with meals increase the risk of malnutrition. Malnutrition negatively affects prognosis and quality of life, making early and ...
Yunusova R D - - 2013
Objectives were to investigate the effects of maternal Se supply and nutritional plane during gestation on offspring visceral tissues and indices of intestinal growth, vascularity, and function at 180 d of age. Rambouillet ewe lambs (n = 82, approximately 240 d of age; 52 ± 0.8 kg BW at breeding) ...
Moizé Violeta - - 2013
Data on long-term dietary changes and nutritional deficiencies after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in grade 3 obese patients are scarce. To prospectively compare dietary changes and nutritional deficiencies in grade 3 obese patients 5 years after SG and Roux-en-y gastric bypass (GBP). Three hundred and fifty-five patients who had SG (n=61) ...
Ferreira Daiane - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To verify acceptance of hospital diets as to the nutritional status among patients admitted to the Oncology/Hematology Unit of a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted among 100 patients, aged >18 years, of both genders. Body mass index and subjective global nutritional evaluation by patients were used ...
Filipowicz Rebecca - - 2013
Diet potentially plays a major role in the progression and complications of predialysis CKD. Moderate protein consumption along with a diet low in sodium might slow kidney disease progression. Increasing vegetable protein intake might decrease serum phosphorus, uremic toxins, and kidney damage. Because obesity might be an important factor in ...
Kuklina Elena V - - 2013
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1976-1980, 1988-1994, 2001-2004, and 2007-2010 The prevalence of high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or LDL-C, decreased from 59% to 27% from the late 1970s through 2007-2010. The percentage of adults using cholesterol-lowering medication increased from 5% to 23% from the late 1980s ...
Burris Jennifer - - 2013
Acne is a common disease in Westernized nations, particularly among adolescents and young adults. Acne has substantial effects on quality of life, making treatment essential. Medical nutrition therapy as a potential treatment for acne is not new, although the literature examining diet and acne during the past 100 years is ...
Yamamoto Takayuki - - 2013
Diet is known to have a major role in the expression of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The role of dietary interventions and enteral nutrition in the management of IBD remains unelucidated. This study was to review the current evidence for dietary risk factors for the development of IBD and the ...
Kramer Holly - - 2013
Specific nutritional factors that mediate obesity or CKD remain very difficult to quantify in any population. That being said, several macronutrients, including protein intake, have been examined as risk factors for CKD progression. Given the correlation of micro- and macronutrients within a particular diet and the consistency of an individual's ...
Higashiguchi Takashi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: "iEat®" (EN Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.; study diet), a food product that resembles an ordinary meal in appearance but is cooked to soften, was compared with foods provided to patients with impaired mastication (modified traditional diet) to investigate the influence of the appearance of foods on the consumption rate, ...
Boeing H - - 2013
Nutritional epidemiology is a subdiscipline of epidemiology and provides specific knowledge to nutritional science. It provides data about the diet-disease relationships that is transformed by Public Health Nutrition into the practise of prevention. The specific contributions of nutritional epidemiology include dietary assessment, description of nutritional exposure and statistical modelling of ...
Johnson J A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There is limited research examining the association between psoriasis, dietary intake and nutritional status in the general U.S. population. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare levels of vitamins and carotenoids as well as intake of protein, fats, sugar, carbohydrates and total calories between individuals with and without psoriasis. METHODS: ...
Wang Bo B State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of - - 2013
Bark beetles are among the most destructive of pine forest pests and they form close symbiotic relationships with ophiostomatoid fungi. Although some fungi are considered to be mutualistic symbionts of bark beetles with respect to the supply of nutrients, detrimental effects of fungal symbionts on larval growth have also been ...
Clissold Fiona J - - 2013
The interaction between temperature and diet quality can affect the life-history of ectotherms. The rate and ratio at which protein and carbohydrate are obtained from food are an important aspect of diet quality, and insects have a well-developed capacity to adjust their feeding behaviour and postingestive physiology to regulate intake ...
Carulli Lucia - - 2013
Background. Artificial nutrition is frequently associated with hepatobiliary complications, probably due to the inherent derangement of the gastrointestinal tract physiology. Alterations of hepatic lipid metabolism are likely to be involved. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of artificial nutrition on bile acid production, a key ...
Luzía França Eduardo - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The effects of low maternal hemoglobin levels on the immunological and nutritional components of breast milk at different maturation stages were investigated. Methods: Colostrum, transitional and mature milk were collected from 25 mothers with normal hemoglobin levels (control group) and 18 mothers with hemoglobin levels below 11 g/dL ...
Shah Rusha - - 2013
The role of nutrition in modulating Alzheimer disease (AD) remains uncertain. Persons ingesting a Mediterranean-type diet appear to be less likely to develop AD. Epidemiologically, food combinations rich in antioxidant vitamins reduced the risk of AD. Combination formulas (eg, Souvenaid) appear to have small effects on cognition. B-vitamin supplements were ...
Crombie M A J Aaron P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Modifying foodservice practices in military dining facilities could influence ad libitum nutritional intake patterns of soldiers. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine how changes in foodservice operations consistent with 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans affected soldiers' ad libitum nutritional intake in military dining facilities (DFACs). DESIGN: Ten DFACs participated, and ...
Kishimoto Y - - 2013
Polyphenols are common constituents of the diet, and research on their health benefits has developed quickly over the past few years. Our purpose is to review recent findings highlighting daily dietary polyphenol intake and the diverse function of polyphenols and their possible relationships to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Several cohort studies ...
Bruce Kimberley D KD Department of Metabolism and Aging, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, - - 2013
Dietary restriction extends lifespan in a variety of organisms, but the key nutritional components driving this process and how they interact remain uncertain. In Drosophila, while a substantial body of research suggests that protein is the major dietary component affecting longevity, recent studies claim that carbohydrates also play a central ...
Sharma Mitesh - - 2013
AIM: Postoperative oral nutritional supplementation is becoming a part of most patient care pathways. This study examined the effects of low volume high calorie prescribed supplemental nutrition on patient outcome following elective colorectal surgery. METHOD: Patients undergoing elective colorectal resections were randomised to receive prescribed nutritional supplementation group (SG) - ...
Stephenson Anne L - - 2013
Background: A high-calorie diet has been a standard of care in cystic fibrosis (CF) for >3 decades. However, energy requirements may have changed with new treatments and milder genotypes.Objectives: The objectives of this study were to describe longitudinal trends in nutritional status and to evaluate the relation between nutritional status ...
Kosova Ethan C EC Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2013
The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages has been implicated as a major contributor to the development of obesity and cardiometabolic disease. To evaluate the relationships between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and cardiometabolic markers in young children. A cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data collected by the National ...
Vieux Florent - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Healthy diets are supposed to be more environmentally friendly because they rely mainly on plant-based foods, which have lower greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) per unit weight than do animal-based foods. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to estimate the GHGEs associated with the consumption of self-selected diets in France and to ...
Gibney Michael J - - 2013
Although personalised nutrition is frequently considered in the context of diet-gene interactions, increasingly, personalised nutrition is seen to exist at three levels. The first is personalised dietary advice using Internet-delivered services, which ultimately will become automated and which will also draw on mobile phone technology. The second level of personalised ...
Afshar Khashayar - - 2013
The primary function of salivary glands is fluid and protein secretion during feeding. Compared to mammalian systems, little is known about salivary protein secretion processes and the effect of diet on the salivary proteome in insect models. Therefore, the effect of diet nutritional quality on caterpillar labial salivary gland proteins ...
Breton Christophe - - 2013
Epidemiological studies initially demonstrated that maternal undernutrition leading to low birth weight may predispose for energy balance disorders throughout life. High birth weight due to maternal obesity or diabetes, inappropriate early post-natal nutrition and rapid catch-up growth may also sensitise to increased risk of obesity. As stated by the Developmental ...
Nolan-Clark Deborah - - 2013
Replacing full-fat dairy products with reduced-fat varieties is a dietetic strategy for reducing energy intake while maintaining nutritional adequacy. This study aimed to explore the dietary outcomes of this recommendation in the context of weight loss. This study involved a secondary analysis of diet-history data for 86 adults (23 males ...
Sakly C - - 2013
Reproductive outputs in fat-tailed Barbarine sheep in central Tunisia are often low because of feed shortage and the low nutritive value of diets. Supplementation with conventional concentrates is economically unsuitable in central Tunisia, so more cost-effective and sustainable alternative feeding strategies need to be developed. We tested effects of short-term ...
Muhlhausler Beverly S - - 2013
The link between poor maternal nutrition and an increased burden of disease in subsequent generations has been widely demonstrated in both human and animal studies. Historically, the nutritional challenges experienced by pregnant and lactating women were largely those of insufficient calories and severe micronutrient deficiencies. More recently, however, Western societies ...
Willett Walter C - - 2013
Large nutritional epidemiology studies, with long-term follow-up to assess major clinical end points, coupled with advances in basic science and clinical trials, have led to important improvements in our understanding of nutrition in primary prevention of chronic disease. Although much work remains, sufficient evidence has accrued to provide solid advice ...
Chandran Rahul - - 2013
The leaf of C. dipsaceus was evaluated for its nutritional and antioxidant properties. From the present investigation, significant amount of almost all essential amino acids and important minerals were quantified. Low levels of trypsin inhibitory units, phenolics, and tannins content were found as antinutritional content. Further, hot water extract of ...
Wierniuk Alicja - - 2013
Keeping to a balanced diet plays a key role in maximizing the body's efficiency so that sports training becomes more effective. Previous studies have shown that an athletes' diet is often not properly balanced, and can thus negatively affect sporting performance. To assess the energy and nutrient intake in young ...
Hamre Kristin - - 2013
Wild wrasses are used for delousing of farmed salmon but increasing demands have prompted the salmon industry to develop cultures of Ballan wrasse. One of the bottlenecks has been nutrition and feed intake in the juvenile phase, while broodstock nutrition is considered critical for production of viable offspring. The present ...
Rashidi Ali Akbar - - 2013
Malnutrition and inflammation are the most important causes of cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of increase in hemodialysis frequency on C-reactive protein (CRP) level and nutritional markers in contrast to previous routine method. 18 hemodialysis patients with a mean age of 53±16 ...
Stetz Jeff - - 2013
We examined fecal glucocorticoid (fGC) measures of nutrition and thermoregulatory demands on wild bears in Glacier National Park, Montana, and assessed how these measures changed in samples left in the field. Both ambient temperature and exposure can impact thermoregulation and sample degradation. Bear diets vary markedly with season, affecting body ...
Widya Ralph L - - 2013
A physiological model of increased plasma nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) levels result in myocardial triglyceride (TG) accumulation, which is related to cardiac dysfunction. A pathophysiological model of increased plasma NEFA levels result in hepatic steatosis, which has been linked to abnormal myocardial energy metabolism. Hepatic steatosis is accompanied by hepatic ...
Paoli Antonio A Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Padova 35131, Italy. - - 2013
Weight loss protocols can only be considered successful if they deliver consistent results over the long term-a goal which is often elusive, so much so that the term "yo-yo" is used to describe the perennial weight loss/weight regain battle common in obesity. We hypothesized that a ketogenic Mediterranean diet with ...
Vincent John B JB Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, 35487-0336, USA, - - 2013
Over fifty years ago, the element chromium (as the trivalent ion) was proposed to be an essential element for mammals with a role in maintaining proper carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Evidence for an essential role came from dietary studies with rodents, studies on the effects of chromium on subjects on ...
Oliveira Junior Silvio A SA School of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. - - 2013
Although hypercaloric interventions are associated with nutritional, endocrine, metabolic, and cardiovascular disorders in obesity experiments, a rational distinction between the effects of excess adiposity and the individual roles of dietary macronutrients in relation to these disturbances has not previously been studied. This investigation analyzed the correlation between ingested macronutrients (including ...
Hu Nan - - 2013
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that accounts for the major cause of dementia, and the increasing worldwide prevalence of AD is a major public health concern. Increasing epidemiological studies suggest that diet and nutrition might be important modifiable risk factors for AD. Dietary supplementation of antioxidants, B ...
Olsvik Pål A - - 2013
This work studies final nutritional status and transcriptional responses of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum 1792) (28 g) after a 10 week feeding experiment designed to elucidate the effect of adding a vitamin and mineral premix on growth, health, and nutritional endpoints. Juvenile fish were fed a either a diet ...
Yang Zhenyu - - 2013
Concerns about the increasing rates of obesity in developing countries have led many policy makers to question the impacts of maternal and early child nutrition on risk of later obesity. The purposes of the review are to summarise the studies on the associations between nutrition during pregnancy and infant feeding ...
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