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Results 201 - 250 of 1524
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Kim Yang-Hyun - - 2013
This study examined the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and dyslipidemia in South Korean men. Data from 6,300 men who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2010 were analyzed, including serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein ...
Graham Jocelyn E - - 2013
To explore influences on women's sugar consumption behaviors during pregnancy. Focused ethnography guided this qualitative study. Contrasting experiences between women with varying sugar intakes were investigated using semi-structured interviews. Metropolitan area, Canada. Fifteen women with varying intakes of added sugar, who were in the third trimester of their first pregnancy, ...
Menon Rani - - 2013
Intestinal microbial dysbiosis contributes to the dysmetabolism of luminal factors, including steroid hormones (sterones) that affect the development of chronic gastrointestinal inflammation and the incidence of sterone-responsive cancers of the breast, prostate, and colon. Little is known, however, about the role of specific host sterone nucleoreceptors, including estrogen receptor β ...
Cooper Andrew Ross - - 2013
Nutritional analysis of donated human milk has been suggested as a means of optimising its use. We analysed pooled, single donor milk samples using the MIRIS Human Milk Analyser to obtain values for fat, protein, lactose and calculated energy content. These values were compared with those of formula milks and ...
Parlee Sebastian D - - 2013
Mammalian embryos have evolved to adjust their organ and tissue development in response to an atypical environment. This adaptation, called phenotypic plasticity, allows the organism to thrive in the anticipated environment in which the fetus will emerge. Barker and colleagues proposed that if the environment in which the fetus emerges ...
Rahman Laila - - 2013
Nutrition during adolescence influences long-term health outcomes. Consumption of fish has many health benefits, yet few studies have investigated associations between fish intake and nutrient intake and lifestyle factors in adolescents. A cross-sectional study utilizing 24-hour dietary recalls obtained by in-person interviews investigated relationships between fish intake and demographic characteristics, ...
Ferreira Lívia G - - 2013
The loss of hepatic innervations after liver transplantation (LTx) might affect the energy metabolism of the patients. The aim of this study was to assess the resting energy expenditure (REE), body composition, and dietary intake before and during the first year after the LTx. The REE was measured by indirect ...
Shankar Padmini - - 2013
Obesity has become an epidemic not just in the United States but also across the globe. Obesity is a result of many factors including poor dietary habits, inadequate physical activity, hormonal issues, and sedentary lifestyle, as well as many psychological issues. Direct and indirect costs associated with obesity-related morbidity and ...
Winsco K N - - 2013
Thirty pregnant mares (538 to 695 kg BW; 4 to 19 yr of age) were used to evaluate the effects of plane of nutrition on DMI of hay and mare performance (BW, BCS, and rump fat) during the last third of pregnancy. Mares were divided into 4 blocks by their ...
de Halleux Virginie - - 2013
Preterm infants fed fortified human milk (HM) grow more slowly than those fed preterm formulas. These differences could be related to the variability in the macronutrient composition of expressed HM, resulting in inadequate nutrient intake in relation to the estimated needs of the preterm infants. The aim of this article ...
Jahanshad Neda - - 2013
Several dietary factors and their genetic modifiers play a role in neurological disease and affect the human brain. The structural and functional integrity of the living brain can be assessed using neuroimaging, enabling large-scale epidemiological studies to identify factors that help or harm the brain. Iron is one nutritional factor ...
Casiero Deena - - 2013
Fueling the rugby athlete requires a sports nutrition plan that balances energy intake with energy output while providing the athlete with adequate fuel for recovery. The content and timing of meals are fundamental parts of a successful regimen and often require the athlete to participate in extensive planning and preparation ...
Mihai Cătălina C Discipline of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Grigore T. Popa", - - 2013
The relationship between nutrition and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a complex one, the evaluation and correction of nutritional deficits being integral part of therapy in these patients. The diet that consists in excessive consumption of meat, sugar, fats (with a higher 0 6 /o) 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids ratio) ...
Julián-Almárcegui C C GENUD Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development Research Group, University of Zaragoza, - - 2013
Adolescence is an important period of nutritional vulnerability due to the increased dietary requirements. To describe the nutritional status of adolescent cyclist and a group of normoactive controls. The HELENA Dietary Assessment Tool was used to evaluate the nutritional intake of 20 adolescent cyclists and 17 controls. Total energy intake, ...
Goluch-Koniuszy Zuzanna Z Department of Human Nutrition Physiology, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, - - 2013
Introduction. The ageing in men, the most frequent pathologic lesions affecting the prostatic gland in this period are benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PC), the course of which may be infl uenced by the improper nutritional status of patients and their nutritional habits. The aim of this study ...
Martini Mina M a Veterinary Science Department , University of Pisa , Viale delle Piagge 2-56124 , Pisa , - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this review article is to summarize the information available related to milk fat globules (MFGs) in order to highlight their contribution to the nutritional and technological characteristics of milk and dairy products. The macrostructure of milk lipids is composed of globules made up of triglycerides with ...
Kulkarni Smita R SR Kamalnayan Bajaj Diabetology Research Centre, King Edward Memorial Hospital Research Centre, Pune, - - 2013
To study the relationship between maternal circulating fuels and neonatal size and compare the relative effects of glucose and lipids. The Pune Maternal Nutrition Study (1993-1996) investigated the influence of maternal nutrition on fetal growth. We measured maternal body size and glucose and lipid concentrations during pregnancy and examined their ...
Sánchez-Garrido M A - - 2013
Body energy stores and metabolic cues influence the onset of puberty. However, the pubertal impact of early nutritional challenges has been only fragmentarily addressed. We evaluate here the consequences, in terms of pubertal timing and hormonal markers, of various nutritional manipulations during pre- or postnatal maturation in rats of both ...
Chitraju Chandramohan C Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Graz, Lipidomics Research Center, Graz, - - 2013
We showed earlier that nutritional stress like starvation or high-fat diet resulted in phenotypic changes in the lipidomes of hepatocyte lipid droplets (LDs), representative for the pathophysiological status of the mouse model. Here we extend our former study by adding genetic stress due to knockout (KO) of adipocyte triglyceride lipase ...
Gatta Domenico - - 2013
The study evaluated the partial substitution of soybean meal by faba beans (18%) or peas (20%) as additional protein sources in diets destined for typical Italian heavy pig production. It compared animal performances, meat quality, the presence of residual anti-nutritional factors (ANF) and phytoestrogens in plasma and meat and the ...
McGill Carla R - - 2013
Fruit contributes to dietary nutrient density and consumption of fruit in several forms (whole, dried, or 100% juice) has been reported to be associated with a healthier dietary pattern. The goal of this study was to examine the associations of the consumption of grapes (including fresh grapes, raisins, and 100% ...
Chen Jin - - 2013
The nutritional support is one of the important therapeutic strategies for the elderly patients with severe sepsis, but there is controversial in choosing a parenteral nutrition formulation. This study was designed to compare the therapeutic effects of structured lipid emulsion, physically mixed medium, and long-chain fat emulsion in the treatment ...
Ozçağlı Tahsin Gökcem - - 2013
Background/Aims: A study designed to examine the importance of the sensory attributes of oral nutritional supplements on preference and likelihood of compliance. Materials and Methods: Independent individuals ≥ 50 years not currently receiving oral nutritional supplements were recruited to a two-stage, single-blind, randomised, preference study, conducted in four European countries. ...
Crauwels Herta M - - 2013
The objective of the study was to determine the impact of food and different meal types on the pharmacokinetics of rilpivirine, a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. In this open-label, randomized, crossover study, healthy volunteers received a single, oral 75 mg dose of rilpivirine either with a normal-fat breakfast (reference), under fasting ...
Contesini Nadir - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify dietary strategies for physically active individuals with muscle dysmorphia based on a systematic literature review. METHOD: References were included if the study population consisted of adults over 18 years old who were physically active in fitness centers. We identified reports through ...
Bellizzi Vincenzo - - 2013
The use of a low-protein diet in treating chronic kidney disease dates back many decades. Initially, the low intake of proteins was used to reduce uremic symptoms. Thereafter, the hope of significantly slowing and even halting the progression of renal failure toward dialysis grew among nephrologists. This proved not to ...
Shahnazari Mohammad - - 2013
Diet plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of major chronic diseases common in populations of US veterans. The role of nutrition-focused wellness coaching in improving dietary behavior and/or reducing weight in overweight and obese US veterans is not known. At the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, US veterans ...
Blake Christine E CE Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. - - 2013
People with healthy eating identities report healthier diets and demonstrate greater receptivity to nutrition interventions, but other types of eating identity are likely important. We developed the Eating Identity Type Inventory (EITI) to assess affinity with four eating identity types; healthy, meat, picky, and emotional. This study assessed factorial validity, ...
Hua Zheng - - 2013
Background: Intestinal adaptation is important for recovery in short bowel syndrome (SBS). This process is dependent on the presence of enteral nutrition (EN) and trophic factors, such as glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2). In clinical practice, elemental formula is often used to feed neonates with SBS, whereas animal studies suggest polymeric formula ...
Hanson Corrine - - 2013
Epidemiologic and observational studies have shown an association between increased intakes of certain micronutrients and higher levels of lung function and health. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys of the U.S. population have demonstrated repeatedly that increased intakes or serum levels of some micronutrients, including the vitamins E, D, ...
McMullen Sarah - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The association between nutrition during pregnancy and the development of metabolic disease in the offspring has been well evidenced in humans and animals. Whilst evidence has accumulated to support various theories linking maternal diet to long-term health, the precise mechanisms of action remain poorly understood. This review ...
Castaneda C A - - 2013
Zebu (Bos indicus) crossbred beef cows (Droughtmaster) were maintained long-term (16 months) on standard nutrition (SN) or improved nutrition (IN). Cows on IN had better body condition and greater (P<0.05) circulating concentrations of leptin than cows on SN (0.7±0.1n/ml and 1.7±0.1n/ml, respectively). There were no outstanding differences between SN and ...
Martínez-Lapiscina Elena H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Previous observational studies reported beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on cognitive function, but results were inconsistent. We assessed the effect on cognition of a nutritional intervention using MedDiets in comparison with a low-fat control diet. METHODS: We assessed 522 participants at high vascular risk (44.6% men, age ...
Mukerji Amar Nath - - 2013
CASE: A 62-year-old man with cirrhosis, hepatitis C, and hepatocellular carcinoma, underwent a liver transplant. On day 11 after surgery, a chylous leak from a partial wound dehiscence was noted. The leak did not respond to 2 weeks of uninterrupted, fat-free clear liquid diet and 12-hour total parenteral nutrition at ...
Paganoni Sabrina - - 2013
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Epidemiologic data suggest that malnutrition is a common feature in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and being overweight or obese confers a survival advantage in this patient population. In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mouse models, a high-fat diet has been shown to lead to weight ...
Seiliez Iban I Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique , UR1067 Nutrition Métabolisme Aquaculture, St-Pée-sur-Nivelle, France. - - 2013
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have been proposed as a possible model organism for nutritional physiology. However, this potential has not yet been realized and studies on the field remain scarce. In this work, we investigated in this species the effect of a single meal as well as that of an increase ...
Honoré Patrick M - - 2013
Adequate feeding of critically ill patients under continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) remains a challenging issue. We performed a systematic search of the literature published between 1992 and 2012 using the quorum guidelines regarding nutrition in intensive care unit patients treated with CRRT. Daily recommended energy requirements during CRRT are ...
Tolleson D R - - 2013
Effective tick management on grazing animals is facilitated by accurate noninvasive detection methods. Fecal analysis provides information about animal health and nutrition. Diet affects fecal composition, stress may do likewise. The constituents in feces which may be affected by tick burdens and in turn affect near infrared spectra have not ...
Gwozdz Wencke - - 2013
The substantial increase in female employment rates in Europe over the past two decades has often been linked in political and public rhetoric to negative effects on child development, including obesity. We analyse this association between maternal employment and childhood obesity using rich objective reports of various anthropometric and other ...
Brody Fred - - 2013
Abstract Background: Duodenal bypass and intestinal malabsorption from Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) can exacerbate known nutritional deficiencies of morbidly obese patients and worsen symptoms. Preventatively, most bariatric patients use postoperative nutritional supplementation. This study evaluated Nuvista(®) (Nutricia North America, Rockville, MD) and its potential as an adequate single nutritional supplement. ...
Bonaccio Marialaura - - 2013
A Mediterranean dietary pattern has been associated with reducing the risk of cardiovascular and chronic disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of nutrition knowledge in determining possible differences among dietary patterns in a general population from a Mediterranean region. We conducted a cross-sectional study on ...
Bardenheier Barbara H BH Division of Diabetes Translation, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. - - 2013
To use structural modeling to test a hypothesized model of causal pathways related with prediabetes among older adults in the U.S. Cross-sectional study of 2,230 older adults (≥ 50 years) without diabetes included in the morning fasting sample of the 2001-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Demographic data included ...
Nagy-Szakal Dorottya D Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX 77030-2399, - - 2013
Multiple characteristics of industrialization have been proposed to contribute to the global emergence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs: Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis). Major changes in eating habits during the last decades and the effectiveness of exclusive enteral nutrition in the treatment of Crohn disease indicate the etiologic importance of ...
Garneata Liliana - - 2013
Hypoproteic diets are most often discussed for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who do not receive dialysis. A very low-protein diet supplemented with ketoanalogues of essential amino acids (keto-diet) proved effective in ameliorating metabolic disturbances of advanced CKD and delaying the initiation of dialysis without deleterious effects on nutritional ...
Saltzman Edward - - 2013
Bariatric surgery, and in particular, gastric bypass is an increasingly utilized and successful approach for long-term treatment of obesity and amelioration of comorbidities. Nutrient deficiencies after surgery are common and have multiple causes. Preoperative factors include obesity, which appears to be associated with risk for several nutrient deficiencies, and preoperative ...
Tucker Katherine L - - 2013
The field of nutrigenomics shows tremendous promise for improved understanding of the effects of dietary intake on health. The knowledge that metabolic pathways may be altered in individuals with genetic variants in the presence of certain dietary exposures offers great potential for personalized nutrition advice. However, although considerable resources have ...
Stannard Hayley J - - 2013
The eastern quoll (Dasyurus viverrinus) is a carnivorous Australian marsupial that has undergone significant geographical range contraction since European settlement, and is extinct on the mainland. Nutrition is not well researched in captive eastern quolls, and captive diets often consist of commercial pet foods as opposed to raw meat or ...
Campbell H E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a rare disease of unknown cause. A cinnamon- and benzoate-free diet is successful in up to 72% of patients. Phenolic acids are among the chemical constituents restricted in this diet, which avoids some but not all of these structurally similar compounds. The present study aimed ...
Ryder J R JR School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, - - 2013
Childhood obesity is associated with a pro-atherogenic phenotype contributing to increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. This single-arm pilot study examined the effects of a lifestyle intervention on lipoprotein particle size and cholesterol distribution in obese Latino adolescents. Fifteen obese Latino adolescents (15.0 ± 1.0 years) completed a 12-week nutrition education and exercise ...
Delisle Hélène - - 2013
Low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C), using as cut-offs 1.03 mmol/L in men and 1.29 mmol/L in women, was observed in more than 25% apparently healthy adults (n = 541) in a cross-sectional study on nutrition transition and cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) in Benin, West Africa. Both overweight/obesity (35.3%) and underweight (11.3%) were present, ...
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