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Deroma Laura L Centre for Rare Diseases, University Hospital "Santa Maria della Misericordia", Udine, Italy. - - 2013
Seafood is an important component of healthful human diets. Intake of seafood is recommended both for young women and children. In fact, it is a good source of high-quality protein, low in saturated fats, and rich in essential nutrients (e.g. iodine, iron, choline, and selenium) and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids ...
Mozeš Stefan - - 2013
We investigated the long-term effect of pre-weaning nutrition on positive and/or adverse regulation of obesity risk and health complications in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Two experimental models were used in the present work: (1) To induce postnatal over- or normal nutrition, the litter size was adjusted to 4 (small litters-SL) and ...
Henson Caroline C - - 2013
Across the developed world, an estimated 150,000 to 300,000 people are treated annually with pelvic radiotherapy and 80% will develop gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms during treatment. Acute GI symptoms are associated with a greater risk of chronic, often debilitating, GI symptoms. Up to one-third of patients are malnourished before pelvic radiotherapy ...
Reiner Whitney B - - 2013
Little is known about the fatty acid composition of foods eaten by wild primates. A total of 18 staple foods that comprise 97% of the annual dietary intake of the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei) were analyzed for fatty acid concentrations. Fruits and herbaceous leaves comprise the majority of the diet, ...
Marzola Enrica - - 2013
Restoration of weight and nutritional status are key elements in the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN). This review aims to describe issues related to the caloric requirements needed to gain and maintain weight for short and long-term recovery for AN inpatients and outpatients.We reviewed the literature in PubMed pertaining to ...
Andreyeva Tatiana - - 2013
In 2009, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) implemented revisions to the WIC food packages. Milk and cheese allowances were reduced, and whole milk was disallowed for participants older than 23 months. Using a pre-post research design and scanner data from a New England supermarket ...
Keil M - - 2013
A case study describing the nutritional interventions with an elite artistic male gymnast, whose performance was being inhibited by repeated injury. We aimed to obtain a rapid reduction in body fat (BF) and body mass (BM), to reduce the load through the knee, ankle joints, and connective tissues. Training and ...
Bruder-Nascimento Thiago - - 2013
The aim of this study was assess the role of chronic stress on the metabolic and nutritional profile of rats exposed to a high-fat diet. Thirty-day-old male Wistar rats (70-100 g) were distributed into four groups: normal-diet (NC), chronic stress (St), high-fat diet (HD), and chronic stress/high-fat diet (HD/St). Stress ...
Gatto Mariana M Departamento de Doenças Tropicais, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista, São - - 2013
Introduction Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is caused by the intracellular protozoan Leishmania donovani complex. VL may be asymptomatic or progressive and is characterized by fever, anemia, weight loss and the enlargement of the spleen and liver. The nutritional status of the patients with VL is a major determinant of the progression, ...
Rai Amit Kumar AK Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, University of Padova, Largo E. Meneghetti, 2, 35131 Padova, - - 2013
The overloading of cholesterol in the arteries remains the principal cause of cardiovascular diseases. Since available anticholesterolemic drugs are not completely effective and have several severe adverse effects, the aim of this review is to analyze current research focused on the emerging, innovative therapeutic strategies based on both pharmacological and ...
Dewey Kathryn G - - 2013
Breast-fed infants and young children need complementary foods with a very high nutrient density (particularly for iron and zinc), especially at ages 6-12 mo. However, in low-income countries, their diet is usually dominated by cereal-based porridges with low nutrient density and poor mineral bioavailability. Complementary feeding diets typically fall short ...
Brader L - - 2013
Background/objectives:Dietary pattern is central in the prevention of hypertension and blood pressure (BP)-related diseases. A diet based on healthy Nordic foods may have a favourable impact on BP. The objective was to clarify whether a Nordic alternative for a healthy food pattern would have beneficial effects on ambulatory BP in ...
Bleich Sara N - - 2013
There is considerable debate about whether sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) should be allowable purchases with benefits from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). To examine national patterns in adult consumption of SSBs by SNAP eligibility. Cross-sectional analysis of 24-hour dietary recall data obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ...
Estruch R - - 2013
Dietary guidelines to promote good health are usually based on foods, nutrients, and dietary patterns predictive of chronic disease risk in epidemiologic studies. However, sound nutritional recommendations for cardiovascular prevention should be based on the results of large randomized clinical trials with "hard" end-points as the main outcome. Such evidence ...
Afonso Cláudia C a Instituto Nacional dos Recursos Biológicos (INRB, I.P./L-IPIMAR), Avenida de Brasília , Lisboa , 1449-006 , - - 2013
ABSTRACT Fish products contain various nutritionally beneficial components, namely, ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFA), minerals, and vitamins. Particularly, tocopherols (α-, β-, γ-, and δ-tocopherol) can be provided by seafood and aquaculture products. Hence, this review shows the various aspects of tocopherols in seafood and aquaculture products. For tocopherol determination in these ...
Zerbi Valerio - - 2013
Nutritional intervention may retard the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study we tested the effects of 2 multi-nutrient diets in an AD mouse model (APPswe/PS1dE9). One diet contained membrane precursors such as omega-3 fatty acids and uridine monophosphate (DEU), whereas another diet contained cofactors for membrane synthesis as ...
Hanley David A - - 2013
A popular concept in nutrition and lay literature is that of the role of a diet high in acid or protein in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. A diet rich in fruit and vegetable intake is thought to enhance bone health as the result of its greater potassium and lower "acidic" ...
Schols Annemie M W J - - 2013
COPD is an important global health problem. In addition to pulmonary impairment, systemic inflammation, musculoskeletal abnormalities, and cardiovascular comorbidity influence disease burden and mortality risk. Body weight and body composition are important discriminants in classifying disease heterogeneity. The rationale for and efficacy of caloric supplementation in preventing and treating involuntary ...
Liakou Aikaterini I - - 2013
Nutrition has long been associated with skin health, beauty, integrity and aging through multiple pathways and cofactors implicated in skin biology. The onset and clinical course of various common skin diseases, especially acne, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, and hair loss, have been suggested to be critically affected by nutrition patterns and ...
Nicklas Theresa A - - 2013
Some schools are removing flavored milk from lunchrooms based on the perception that consumption has a negative impact on the overall dietary quality. The goal of this study was to assess the contribution of flavored and white milk in the diets of children. Intake data from children 2 to 18 years ...
Xiao Shuiming - - 2013
Chronic inflammation induced by endotoxin from a dysbiotic gut microbiota contributes to the development of obesity-related metabolic disorders. Modification of gut microbiota by a diet to balance its composition becomes a promising strategy to help manage obesity. A dietary scheme based on whole grains, traditional Chinese medicinal foods, and prebiotics ...
Talukder Suman S a Scientist, Division of Livestock Products Technology Indian Veterinary Research Institute , Izatnagar , Uttar Pradesh , - - 2013
ABSTARACT Meat is an important source of all essential nutritional components of our daily diet as it content most of the essential amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals which are lack in plant based food, but it is devoid of dietary fiber, which is very essential component for normal ...
Prentice Ross L - - 2013
Regression calibration using biomarkers provides an attractive approach to strengthening nutritional epidemiology. We consider this approach to assessing the relationship of fat and total energy consumption with postmenopausal breast cancer. In analyses that included fat density data, biomarker-calibrated total energy was positively associated with postmenopausal breast cancer incidence in cohorts ...
Robert M - - 2013
Patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) encompass an 'at risk' group for micronutrient imbalances. Optimal nutrient status is challenging particularly when a substantial proportion of nutrient intake is from non-natural sources. In PKU patients following dietary treatment, supplementation with micronutrients is a necessity and vitamins and minerals should either be added to ...
Richman E - - 2013
The therapeutic effect of enteral nutrition in Crohn's disease (CD) and the epidemiological associations between diet and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) implicate diet in IBD causation. There is little evidence, however, to support specific dietary changes and patients often receive contradictory advice. To review the literature on the impacts of ...
Suskind David L - - 2013
Crohn's disease is characterized by chronic intestinal inflammation in the absence of a recognized etiology. Nutritional therapy in the form of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) has an established role within pediatric Crohn's disease. Following EEN's success, many dietary therapies focusing on the elimination of specific complex carbohydrates have been anecdotally ...
Zhou Xiaorong - - 2013
The objective of this study is to investigate the possible role of inflammatory mediators such as IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α in Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) children and rats fed with T-2 toxin under a selenium-deficient nutrition status in order to determine possible mechanism underlying KBD. Sprague-Dawley rats were administered a selenium-deficient ...
Iwamoto Masako - - 2013
Nutritional guidance and diet control play important roles in the treatment of obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver. However, in Japan, nutritional guidance is difficult to provide in practice. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of providing the 'once-a-day' intervention of a healthy lunch on various metabolic parameters. For a 1-month preparatory ...
Haggarty Paul - - 2013
The human diet has undergone profound changes over recent generations and this trend is likely to accelerate in the 21st century. Innovations in food technology, new ways of producing and processing foods and the increasing use of artificial vitamins and novel ingredients are changing the human diet in ways that ...
Lucock Mark D MD University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, New South Wales, - - 2014
Nutrient-gene research tends to focus on human disease, although such interactions are often a by-product of our evolutionary heritage. This review explores health in this context, reframing genetic variation/epigenetic phenomena linked to diet in the framework of our recent evolutionary past. This "Darwinian/evolutionary medicine" approach examines how diet helped us ...
Obeidat B S - - 2013
Two experiments were conducted to determine the influence of plane of nutrition during (1) the pre- and immediate postweaning periods and (2) the grower phase on the performance and leukocyte responses of Holstein calves. In experiment 1, 39 (2 ± 1 d old) colostrum-fed heifer calves were randomly assigned to ...
Ismail Nurhafzan A NA Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Nutrition and Dietetic Research Group, Imperial College London, London, United - - 2013
Most chronic diseases have been demonstrated to have a link to nutrition. Within food and nutritional research there is a major driver to understand the relationship between diet and disease in order to improve health of individuals. However, the lack of accurate dietary intake assessment in free-living populations, makes accurate ...
Marques Mirna B - - 2013
We previously reported that in artificially-fed critically ill patients, adipose tissue reveals an increase in small adipocytes and accumulation of M2-macrophages. We hypothesized that nutrient-independent factors of critical illness explain these findings, and that the M2-macrophage accumulation may not be limited to adipose tissue. In a long-term cecal ligation and ...
Regis Adrienne - - 2013
As described by the Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents report, the Cardiovascular Health Integrated Lifestyle Diet (CHILD 1) is the first-step diet for all children with elevated cardiovascular risk. Although the diet is specifically designed for cardiovascular disease risk reduction, ...
Ruiz-Prieto Inmaculada - - 2013
Introduction: Human eating behaviour is regulated by multiple factors. Anorexia nervosa patients show a restrictive eating pattern while bulimia nervosa patients present bingeing-purging episodes. Although treatments are specially successful in the normalization of body composition, maladaptive eating behaviours tend to persist being a risk factor for relapse and recurrence. Objectives: ...
Zamora Navarro Salvador - - 2013
The increase in obesity prevalence cannot be explained by a sudden and generalized change in human genome. It is certainly due to the modification of lifestyle habits and especially of the diet, as well as a lack of physical activity and sedentary living. Changes in the feeding pattern and the ...
Sousa Mónica - - 2013
Proper nutrition, not simply adequate energetic intake, is needed to achieve optimal dance performance. However, little scientific research exists concerning nutrition in dance, and so, to propose nutritional guidelines for this field, recommendations need to be based mainly on studies done in other physically active groups. To diminish the risk ...
Zhan-Jiang Cao - - 2013
Human gut microbiota plays a key role in the development of obesity.Intestinal flora can regulate energy absorption and nutrition metabolism,increasing the energy harvesting from diet.Alteration of gut flora produces excessive lipopolysaccharide,which,when absorbed into the blood,can induce inflammatory reactions and promote the high-fat diet-associated obesity and metabolic syndrome.Intestinal flora increase visceral ...
Smith Timothy - - 2013
Alterations in early life nutrition lead to an increased risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome in offspring. We have shown that both relative maternal undernutrition (UN) and maternal obesity result in metabolic derangements in offspring, independent of the postnatal dietary environment. Since insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2) has ...
Spence Alison C - - 2013
Initiatives to promote children's nutrition and prevent childhood obesity are vital. Dietary patterns are a useful way to characterize whole diets, though no previous early childhood health promotion trial to our knowledge has assessed intervention impact using this approach. This research aimed to assess the effect of a healthy eating ...
Motie Marjan M University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2013
There is ample research to support the potential benefits of a high protein diet on clinical outcomes in overweight/obese, diabetic subjects. However, nutritional management of overweight/obese individuals with heart failure (HF) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) or metabolic syndrome (MS) is poorly understood and few clinical guidelines related to ...
van Baak M A - - 2013
Overweight and obesity are associated with excess cardiovascular risk. To reduce cardiovascular risk at the population level, the prevention of overweight and obesity is key. This requires adoption of a healthy lifestyle, including less inactivity and more moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and a healthy diet. Diet composition may facilitate weight gain ...
Nettleton Joyce A - - 2013
This paper summarizes three presentations on the global and Latin American perspectives on the health significance of fat quality in the diet given at the 16th Congress of the Society of Latin American Nutrition in Havana, Cuba, November 11-16, 2012. Dietary fat quality contributes to the risk of the leading ...
Vonnahme K A - - 2013
To determine the impacts of Se supply and maternal dietary intake on ewe organ mass and endocrine and metabolic changes throughout gestation, pregnant first parity ewes (n=77) were allocated to 6 treatments in a 2×3 factorial array. Factors included Se [adequate Se (ASe; 9.5μg/kg BW) vs. high Se (HSe; 81.8μg/kg ...
Lobo Carmen - - 2013
Probiotic supplementation in fish aquaculture has significantly increased in the last decade due to its beneficial effect on fish performance. Probiotic use at early stages of fish development may contribute to better face metamorphosis and weaning stress. In the present work, we studied the influence of Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 supplementation ...
Ren Tianyang - - 2013
Introduction: A parenteral lipid emulsion (LE), used as a key source of energy, essential fatty acids (FAs), and fat-soluble vitamins, is an integral part of a parenteral nutrition (PN) regimen. The conventional LEs, such as soybean oil (SO)-based emulsions, have caused concerns about the potential adverse effects involving oxidative stress, ...
Foster Rachel H - - 2013
Objective: To estimate the potential impact on cardiovascular health of modifying dietary intake of saturated fat across the New Zealand population, and whether this would be appropriate and feasible. Methods: First, a literature review of meta-analyses was conducted to estimate the magnitude of reduction in risk for cardiovascular events in ...
Ma C - - 2013
Psoriasis has been linked to an increased incidence of coronary artery disease, stroke, myocardial infarctions and cardiovascular deaths. Dyslipidemia, a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, involves inflammatory pathways that are also implicated in psoriasis. An understanding of the relationship between psoriasis and dyslipidemia may have a substantial clinical impact. ...
Fung Christina - - 2013
The objective of this study is to assess population-level trends in children's dietary intake and weight status before and after the implementation of a provincial school nutrition policy in the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. Self-reported dietary behavior and nutrient intake and measured body mass index were collected as part ...
Martin Samantha L - - 2013
The pronounced effects of the epigenetic diet (ED) and caloric restriction (CR) have on epigenetic gene regulation have been documented in many pre-clinical and clinical studies. Understanding epigenetics is of high importance because of the concept that external factors such as nutrition and diet may possess the ability to alter ...
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