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Akbari Fahime F 1)Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. 2)Department of Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Lifestyle and dietary pattern in adolescence and young adulthood not only affect the general state of health in these years, but also leave long-term effects. Due to the importance of diet in youth, this systematic review summarized observational studies representing dietary intakes among Iranian adolescents and young adults. PubMed, Scopus ...
Cais-Sokolińska Dorota D Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Dairy Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Wojska Polskiego 31, 60-624, Poznań, - - 2014
The composition of bioactive components in dairy products depends on their content in raw milk and the processing conditions. The experimental material consisted of the milk of dairy goats supplemented with 120 g/day/head of false flax cake. The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of kefir produced from ...
George Stephanie M - - 2014
Poor diet quality is thought to be a leading risk factor for years of life lost. We examined how scores on 4 commonly used diet quality indices-the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI), the Alternative Healthy Eating Index 2010 (AHEI), the Alternate Mediterranean Diet (aMED), and the Dietary Approaches to Stop ...
Wang Dingfa D Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Danzhou, - - 2014
The present study investigated the effects of the nutritional levels of diets on meat quality and related gene expression in Hainan black goat. Twenty-four goats were divided into six dietary treatments and were fed a concentrate-based diet with two levels of crude protein (CP) (15% or 17%) and three levels ...
McNeill Shalene H SH Human Nutrition Research, National Cattlemen's Beef Association, a contractor to the Beef Checkoff Program, 9110 East Nichols Ave., #300, Centennial, CO 80112, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dietary patterns are an important concept in dietary recommendations. The Western pattern is most commonly defined as a diet characterized by high intakes of refined grains, sugar and red meat, and has been shown to be associated with increased risks for certain types of cancer, coronary heart disease, diabetes, and ...
Yeager L A LA Marine Science Program, Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, 3000 NE 151st St., North Miami, FL 33181, - - 2014
This study examined diet, prey quality and growth for a generalist fish predator, grey snapper Lutjanus griseus, at five sites across an estuarine gradient in the Loxahatchee River estuary, Florida, U.S.A. Lutjanus griseus diets shifted from dominance by low quality, intertidal crabs upstream to an increased reliance on higher quality ...
Ferranti Erin Poe EP Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (Dr Ferranti, Dr Reilly, Dr Foster, Dr Dunbar)Rollins School of Public Health and School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (Dr Narayan, Dr Guo)American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia (Dr McCullough)School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (Dr Ziegler) - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the association of intrapersonal influences of diet quality as defined by the Health Belief Model constructs in women with recent histories of gestational diabetes. A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional design was used to analyze relationships between diet quality and intrapersonal variables, including perceptions ...
Shin Woo-Kyoung WK Department of Human Ecology, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, Korea, - - 2014
Tofu made from low-fat soy flour is a nutritional food for consumers and economically benefits the food processor. However, low-fat tofu has poor textural quality, especially insufficient firmness. Stepwise heating (heating at 75 °C, followed by holding at 95 °C) of full-fat soymilk increases gel properties, therefore we evaluated the ...
Turner K E KE Animal Science, USDA, ARS, Grazinglands Research Laboratory, El Reno, OK 73036, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The experiment evaluated traditional U.S. sheep (Suffolk), hair sheep (Katahdin), and meat goat (Boer crossbred; Goat) carcass and meat quality parameters when finished on pasture with and without supplemental whole cottonseed (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Supplemented animals had greater ribeye area (P<0.01), body wall thickness (P<0.001), and lean quality score (P<0.05) ...
Menon Deepa G DG Avian Research Centre, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, - - 2014
The meat quality characteristics of adult emus transported for 6h before slaughter were determined. Forty-two emus were used in two trials, undertaken under warm and cool weather conditions, respectively. Male emus had significantly higher fat yields than females (12.43kg vs 9.5kg, P=0.002). About 38.1% of the emus had no wounds ...
Muela E E Departamento de Producción Animal y Ciencia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Zaragoza, Miguel Servet, 177, 50013, Zaragoza, - - 2014
Diet supplementation (DS) (100, 200, 300ppm vitamin E -VE; 150ppm product rich in flavonoids-PRF; 100+100ppm VE-PRF; no supplementation) effect was evaluated on lamb quality throughout 10days after sampling (preservation time: PT). pH, colour, myoglobin forms and lipid oxidation were analyzed on Longissimus muscle. Trained panellists evaluated colour intensity of chops ...
Alexy U U Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms University of Bonn, Dortmund, - - 2014
We examined the association between diet costs and diet quality in a sample of children and adolescents using data from the ongoing longitudinal (open cohort) DONALD (Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed) study. Children and adolescents aged 4-18 years (255 boys and 239 girls) provided 1100 yearly collected 3-day weighted dietary ...
Dolci Paola P Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali e Alimentari, Università degli Studi di Torino, via L. da Vinci 44, 10095 Grugliasco, TO, - - 2014
Fontina Protected Denomination of Origin (PDO) cheese is a full-fat semi-cooked cheese traditionally made in Northwest Italy (Aosta Valley) and manufactured from raw cow's milk. The management of cattle farms in Aosta Valley calls for seasonal migration to high pastures during the summer and the concentration of calving during the ...
Nielsen Mette O MO a Department of Veterinary Clinical and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences , University of Copenhagen , Frederiksberg C , Copenhagen , - - 2014
This study aimed to test whether the digestive and metabolic characteristics of pseudo ruminants provide superior ability to utilise low-quality diets compared to true ruminants. A total of 18 mature, non-pregnant, non-lactating female animals, including six llamas (Lama glama), six Danish Landrace goats and six Shropshire sheep, were used in ...
Delles Rebecca M RM Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington - - 2014
Recent nutrigenomic studies have shown that animal nutrition can have a major influence on tissue gene expression. Dietary antioxidant supplements can enhance the quality of meat through modification of tissue metabolic processes. This study investigated the influence of dietary antioxidants and quality of oil on the oxidative and enzymatic properties ...
Zeng F F FF Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
This case-control study compared the associations of four widely used diet-quality scoring systems with the risk of hip fractures and assessed their utility in elderly Chinese. We found that individuals avoiding a low-quality diet have a lower risk of hip fractures in elderly Chinese. Few studies examined the associations of ...
Laudadio V V Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), Section of Veterinary Science and Animal Production, University of Bari "Aldo Moro," Valenzano 70010, - - 2014
This study was designed to determine the effects on laying performance and egg quality resulting from partial substitution of soybean meal (SBM) with low-fiber alfalfa (LFA; Medicago sativa L.) meal in the diet of early-phase laying hens. ISA Brown layers, 18 wk of age, were randomly allocated to 2 dietary ...
Moroney N C NC Food Packaging Group, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, College of Science, Engineering and Food Science, University College Cork, - - 2014
The use of Palmaria palmata (PP) as a natural ingredient in farmed Atlantic salmon diets was investigated. The effect of salmon diet supplementation with P. palmata (0, 5, 10 and 15%) or synthetic astaxanthin (positive control, PC) for 16 weeks pre-slaughter on quality indices of fresh salmon fillets was examined. ...
Downs Shauna M SM Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia and Indian Institute of Public Health (Delhi) Public Health Foundation of India, Gurgaon 122002, India - - 2014
The World Health Organization recommends replacement of trans fat with polyunsaturated fat to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. Although several high-income countries have been successful in reducing trans fat in the food supply, low- and middle-income countries such as India may face additional contextual challenges such as the large informal sector, ...
Azadbakht Leila L 1 Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
Diet in adolescence is important not only because of adolescents' rapid growth but also due to its influence on future chronic diseases. On the other hand, dietary quality indices are noteworthy and useful approaches to evaluate dietary intakes. Thus the present study was conducted to assess dietary quality indices in ...
Barton Karen L KL Centre for Public Health Nutrition Research, Division of Cancer Research, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 9SY, Scotland, - - 2014
Frequent consumption of energy-dense foods has been strongly implicated in the global increase of obesity. The World Cancer Research Fund suggests a population-level energy density (ED) goal for diets of 523 kJ/100 g (125 kcal/100 g) as desirable for reducing weight gain and related co-morbidities. However, there is limited information about the ED of ...
Cesari V V Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali-Produzione, Territorio, Agroenergia, Via Celoria 2, - - 2014
The current trial was carried out on a commercial poultry farm to study the effect of skim milk powder (SMP) added to a diet containing Lactobacillus acidophilus on performance and egg quality of laying hens from 20 to 49 wk of age. A total of 2,400 Hy-Line W-36 laying hens ...
Brotherton Carol S CS Carol S. Brotherton, PhD, MSN, RN, is Research Associate, Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia. Ann Gill Taylor, EdD, MS, RN, FAAN, is Center Director, Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia. Cheryl Bourguignon, PhD, RN, is Associate Professor of Nursing and Statistician, Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia. Joel G. Anderson, PhD, HTP, is Assistant Professor, Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies, School of Nursing, Nursing of University of Virginia, Charlottesville, - - 2014
Crohn disease is a chronic disorder characterized by episodes of epithelial inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract for which there is no cure. The prevalence of Crohn disease increased in civilized nations during the time period in which food sources were industrialized in those nations. A characteristic of industrialized diets is ...
Bloxham Louise L Centre for Behaviour and Evolution & Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, - - 2014
The decision to consume toxic prey is a trade-off between the benefits of obtaining nutrients and the costs of ingesting toxins. This trade-off is affected by current state: animals will consume more toxic prey if they are food deprived. However, whether the trade-off is affected by developmental history is currently ...
Evans E Whitney EW 1 Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Brown University School of Medicine, 196 Richmond Street, Providence, RI 02903, - - 2014
The relationship of meal and snacking patterns with overall dietary intake and relative weight in children is unclear. The current study was done to examine how eating, snack and meal frequencies relate to total energy intake and diet quality. The cross-sectional associations of eating, meal and snack frequencies with total ...
Mousel M R MR USDA, ARS, U.S. Sheep Experiment Station, Dubois, ID - - 2014
Quality measures of lamb longissimus dorsi were evaluated in 514 crossbred wether lambs to assess sire breed differences. Wethers were produced over 3 yr from single-sire matings of 22 Columbia, 22 USMARC-Composite (Composite), 21 Suffolk, and 17 Texel rams to adult Rambouillet ewes. Lambs were reared to weaning in an ...
Ford Dara W - - 2014
Health care resource consumption is a growing concern. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between diet quality and body mass index with health care resource use (HRU) in a cohort of advanced age. Participants in the Geisinger Rural Aging Study (n=5,993) were mailed demographic and dietary ...
Singh Mukti M USDA, Agricultural Research Services, Natl. Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, 1815 N. Univ. St., Peoria, IL, 61604, - - 2014
Health and wellness aspirations of U.S. consumers continue to drive the demand for lower fat from inherently beneficial foods such as yogurt. Removing fat from yogurt negatively affects the gel strength, texture, syneresis, and storage of yogurt. Amylose-potassium oleate inclusion complexes (AIC) were used to replace skim milk solids to improve ...
Schröder Helmut H Cardiovascular Risk and Nutrition Research Group (CARIN), REGICOR Study Group, Research Programme in Inflammatory and Cardiovascular Disorders (RICAD), IMIM (Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute), Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
The present study assesses the impact of beverage consumption pattern on diet quality and anthropometric proxy measures for abdominal adiposity in Spanish adolescents. Data were obtained from a representative national sample of 1,149 Spanish adolescents aged 10-18 years. Height, weight, and waist circumferences were measured. Dietary assessment was performed with a ...
Wu Xuezhuang X Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, - - 2014
The present study investigated the effects of dietary copper (Cu) on growth performance and fur quality in growing-furring minks. One hundred and five standard dark female minks were randomly assigned to seven groups with the following dietary treatments: basal diet with no supplemental Cu (control) and basal diet supplemented with ...
Maughan B B Department of Wildland Resources, Utah State University, Logan UT - - 2014
We determined if tall fescue in a mixture with either tannin-containing sainfoin or saponin-containing alfalfa affected cattle foraging behavior, performance, meat quality, and consumer acceptance of meat. Foraging behavior, BW, and pasture biomass before and after grazing were monitored when cattle strip-grazed 3 replications of 2 treatments from May through ...
Huang J J Chongqing Academy of Animal Science, Rongchang, Chongqing, - - 2014
A total of 160 Rongchang pigs (26.76 ± 1.78 kg) were randomly assigned to 5 dietary treatment groups until their body weight (BW) reached 90 kg. The diets were supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0% conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). Our results showed that the 1.0 to 2.0% CLA-fed ...
Eakin Elizabeth G EG School of Population Health, Cancer Prevention Research Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
OBJECTIVETo evaluate the effectiveness of a telephone-delivered behavioral weight loss and physical activity intervention targeting Australian primary care patients with type 2 diabetes.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSPragmatic randomized controlled trial of telephone counseling (n = 151) versus usual care (n = 151). Reported here are 18-month (end-of-intervention) and 24-month (maintenance) primary ...
Weaver Connie M CM Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, - - 2014
This review examined the evidence behind dietary guidelines for dairy. Most countries recommend consumption of dairy products; and when amounts are specified, recommendations are typically for 2 or 3 servings per day. Specific recommendations for dairy products are based partly on culture and availability but primarily on meeting nutrient requirements. ...
Nansel Tonja R - - 2014
This study examined differences in diet quality by meal type, location, and time of week in youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus. A sample of youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus (n=252; 48% female) age 8 to 18 years (mean±standard deviation=13.2±2.8 years) with diabetes duration ≥1 year (mean±standard deviation=6.3±3.4 years) ...
Madeira M S MS CIISA, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Lisboa, 1300-477 Lisboa, - - 2014
Fifty four entire male pigs (Duroc × Pietrain × Large White × Landrace) from a commercial crossbred operation were used to investigate the effect of dietary Arg supplementation, protein reduction (PR), and Leu supplementation on performance, carcass traits, and meat quality. Pigs weighing 58.9 ± 1.6 kg BW were randomly ...
Ortega Francisco B FB PROFITH (PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity) research group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, - - 2014
Coordinated European projects relying on standardized methods are needed to identify health inequalities across Europe. This study aimed to compare fitness, fatness, and cardiometabolic risk between urban adolescents from the south and center-north of Europe and to explore whether physical activity (PA) and other factors might explain these differences. The ...
Hadgkiss Emily J - - 2014
Objectives To explore the association between dietary factors including fat, fruit and vegetable intake, dairy and meat consumption, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), disability and relapse rate in a large international sample of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods Participants with MS were recruited to the study via Web ...
Powell-Wiley Tiffany M TM 1 Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Branch, Division of Intramural Research, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Building 10 - Room 5E3340, Bethesda, MD 20892, - - 2014
The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern has been shown to reduce cardiometabolic risk. Little is understood about the relationship between objective diet quality and perceived diet quality (PDQ), a potential psychosocial barrier to appropriate dietary intake. We compared PDQ and diet quality measured by a nutrient-based DASH ...
Kharmats Anna Y AY Departments of International Health (AYK, JCJ-S, YSC, NB, AC, YM, and JG) and Health, Behavior, and Society (LF), Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, and the Health Science Department, Federal University of Sao Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil - - 2014
There has been limited research regarding the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP) and recipients' dietary quality during the days and weeks after benefit disbursement. We examined the relation between participants' stages in the SNAP cycle and their macronutrient consumption, Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores, and fruit and vegetable intake. In ...
Schisterman E F EF Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Rockville, MD, - - 2014
The decline in sperm count rates over the last 50 years appears to parallel the rising prevalence of obesity. As lipid levels are strongly associated with obesity, high lipids levels or hyperlipidaemia may thus play an important role in the decline in fertility in addition to other environmental or lifestyle factors. ...
Koppenol A A KU Leuven, Department of Biosystems, Laboratory of Livestock Physiology, Kasteelpark Arenberg 30, Box 2456, 3001 Leuven, - - 2014
When added to the feed of broiler breeder hens, dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (FA) can be incorporated into the yolk and therefore become available to the progeny during their early development. The mechanism involved in lipid metabolism and deposition in the egg may be influenced by breeder age. Before the ...
Torres Roxana - - 2014
Physical environment influences diet and has been proposed as a determinant of childhood obesity. This cross-sectional study explored physical environment and its associations with diet quality and weight status in a sample of 114 12-year-old children from 4 public schools in the metropolitan area of San Juan, PR. Physical environment ...
Hingle Melanie D - - 2014
Diet quality has not been well studied in relation to positive psychological traits. Our purpose was to investigate the relationship between optimism and diet quality in postmenopausal women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative observational study (OS) and clinical trials (CTs), and to determine whether optimism was associated with diet ...
Marshall S S Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health, School of Health Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, - - 2014
Diet quality indices add an important dimension to dietary assessment. The aim of this systematic review was to: (i) identify and describe the attributes and applications of diet quality indices developed for use or used in paediatric populations; (ii) describe associations between these diet quality indices and health-related variables in ...
Bothma C C Food Science Division, Department of Microbial, Biochemical and Food Biotechnology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South - - 2014
Pigs were fed diets containing 0, 0.25, 0.5 and 1% conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). Compared to controls, backfat from CLA fed pigs was firmer and extracted lipid contained increasing amounts of CLA, but a ±11% overall decrease in unsaturated fatty acids and a ±5% overall increase in each of C16:0 ...
Mays A R AR Department of Animal Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, - - 2014
Horn fly infestations negatively impact economic traits of beef cattle. Our objective was to determine the impact of horn flies on beef cattle milk yield and quality. Cows (n = 53) were derived from Brangus dams and sired by Bonsmara (n = 7), Brangus (n = 13), Charolais (n = ...
Sundararajan Kala K a Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics , Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , - - 2014
Objective: To assess the relationship between diet quality and body mass index (BMI) in Canadian adults. Methods: We used confidential, individual-level data on 6325 adult men and 7211 nonpregnant adult women from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey to construct 2 diet quality indices (the Diet Quality Index [DQI] and ...
Rauber Fernanda F a Health Sciences, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre , Porto Alegre , - - 2014
Objective: This study aimed to assess the adaptation of the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) to Brazilian dietary recommendations for children aged 3 to 4 years (n = 345) and 7 to 8 years (n = 307). Methods: Dietary data were collected using two 24-hour recalls and diet quality was evaluated according to ...
Xiao J F JF Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of Ministry of Agriculture, Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, P. R. - - 2014
This study investigated the effect of dietary Mn supplementation on eggshell quality, ultrastructure, glycosaminoglycan (GAG), and uronic acid content, and mRNA and protein expression of Galβ1,3-glucuronosyltransferase (GlcAT-I). A total of 216 layers (Hy-Line Grey) at age of 50 wk were divided into 3 groups. In the first 8 wk of ...
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