Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 2009
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Golubic R R Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine Box 285 Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge Biomedical Campus - - 2014
ObjectiveTo examine the independent associations of time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary (SED-time), with total and abdominal body fat (BF), and the bidirectionality of these associations in adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes.Design and subjectsWe measured MVPA (min/day) and SED-time (h/day) by accelerometry, and indices ...
Chróinín Danielle Ní DN From the Neurovascular Unit for Translational and Therapeutics Research (D. Ní C., M.M., L.A., Á.M., E.F., G.H., S.M., K. O'Rourke, P.J.K.) and the Departments of Vascular Surgery (K. O'Malley, M. O'Donohoe, C.M.) and Radiology (E.K., M. O'Connell), Mater University Hospital/University College Dublin; Connolly Hospital (E.D.); and St Vincent's University Hospital (I.N., M.B., M.C.), Dublin, - - 2014
We hypothesized that serum lipids, which experimental data suggest may be key initiators of carotid plaque inflammation, would be associated with plaque inflammation on (18)fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET in patients with acutely symptomatic carotid stenosis. In this cohort study, consecutive patients with acute symptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis (≥50%) underwent carotid ...
Sieri Sabina S Affiliations of authors: Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy (SS, CA, VP, FB, SG, VK); Medical Statistics Unit, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy (PC); Hellenic Health Foundation, Athens, Greece (ATr); Department of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece (VB, EV); Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, Spain (M-JS); CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid, Spain (M-JS, M-DC, PA, EA); Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada, Granada, Spain (M-JS); Department of Epidemiology, Murcia Health Authority, Murcia, Spain (M-DC); Public Health Division of Gipuzkoa, BioDonostia Research Institute, Health Department of Basque Region, San Sebastian, Spain (PA); Health Information Unit, Public Health and Health Planning Directorate, Asturias, Spain (JRQ); Navarre Public Health Institute, Pamplona, Spain (EA); Unit of Nutrition, Environment and Cancer, Cancer Epidemiology Research Program, Catalan Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, Spain (GB); Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, ISPO-Cancer Research and Prevention Institute, Florence, Italy (GM); Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy (SP); Center for Cancer Prevention, Turin, Italy (CS); Human Genetics Foundation, Turin, Italy (CS); Department of Oncology, Histopathology Unit (RT), and Cancer Registry (RT), Ospedale Civile "M.P. Arezzo," Ragusa, Italy; INSERM, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, U1018, Nutrition, Hormones and Women's Health team, F-94805, Villejuif, France (MC-BR); Univ Paris Sud, UMRS 1018, F-94805, Villejuif, France (FC-C); IGR, F-94805, Villejuif, France (GF); Department of Epidemiology, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care (PHMP, CHvG), and Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (HBB-d-M), University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands; National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (HBB-d-M, HJvK); School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK (HBB-d-M); Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, UK (TJK, RCT); Dunn Human Nutrition Unit, Medical Research Council, Cambridge, UK (KTK); Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Medical Research Council, Cambridge, UK (NJW); Department of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany (RK, AL); Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition, Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Germany (HB, MSc); Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, Sweden (ES, EWi); Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences/Surgery, Umeå University, Sweden (MSu); Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology, Umeå University, Sweden (AA); International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France (VC, SR, IR, DC); Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway (EWe, GS, ED); Department of Research, Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway (EWe); Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (EWe); Samfundet Folkhälsan, Helsinki, Finland (EWe); Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark (ATj, JH); Department of Clinical Epidemiology Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark (KO); Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, UK (MAM, DC, - - 2014
We prospectively evaluated fat intake as predictor of developing breast cancer (BC) subtypes defined by estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor 2 receptor (HER2), in a large (n = 337327) heterogeneous cohort of women, with 10062 BC case patients after 11.5 years, estimating BC hazard ...
Grashow Rachel R Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Landmark Center, 401 Park Drive, 3rd Floor, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent data show that arsenic may play a role in obesity-related diseases. However, urinary arsenic studies report an inverse association between arsenic level and body mass index (BMI). We explored whether toenail arsenic, a long-term exposure measure, was associated with BMI in 74 welders with known arsenic exposure. BMI showed ...
de Martino Michela M Department of Urology, Comprehensive Cancer Center of the Medical University of Vienna and General Hospital Vienna, Medical University of Vienna - General Hospital, Vienna, - - 2014
• Increasing evidence suggests that alterations in the lipid profile are associated with the development, progression and prognosis of various cancers. • The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic role of preoperative serum cholesterol in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). • We analyzed 867 patients, who ...
Vergès Bruno B Endocrinology-Diabetology department, University-Hospital, 21000 Dijon, - - 2014
Context: Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are inflammatory components of the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria, and in plasma, are mostly associated with lipoproteins. This association is thought to promote their catabolism while reducing their pro-inflammatory effects. Objectives: Our aim was to determine the impact of lipoprotein kinetics on plasma LPS distribution and ...
Kelly Aaron S AS Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, and University of Minnesota Amplatz Children's Hospital, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Evaluate the association of abdominal visceral and subcutaneous fat, independent of total body fat, with cardiometabolic risk factors and insulin resistance among youth. Visceral and subcutaneous fat, percent total body fat, insulin resistance (adjusted for lean body mass: Mlbm), blood pressure, glucose, insulin, and lipids were obtained in 472 youth ...
Méjean Caroline C Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre d'Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques Paris Nord, Inserm (U1153), Inra (U1125), Cnam, Université Paris 5, Université Paris7, F-93017 Bobigny, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Apart from the established association between liking for fat and fat intake, little is known about the association between liking for fat and intake of specific nutrients or food groups. We investigated the association between dietary intake and liking for fat, fat-and-sweet and fat-and-salt. Liking scores were constructed using a ...
Murakami Kentaro K Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE), University of Ulster, Cromore Road, Coleraine BT52 1SA, - - 2014
Several epidemiological studies in adults have suggested a favourable effect of frequent eating on blood lipid profiles, but evidence in younger populations is lacking. In the present cross-sectional study, we examined the associations of eating frequency (EF) with metabolic risk factors in British children aged 4-10 years (n 818) and ...
Katz D L DL Prevention Research Center, Yale University School of Public Health, Griffin Hospital, Derby, Connecticut 06418; email: - - 2014
Diet is established among the most important influences on health in modern societies. Injudicious diet figures among the leading causes of premature death and chronic disease. Optimal eating is associated with increased life expectancy, dramatic reduction in lifetime risk of all chronic disease, and amelioration of gene expression. In this ...
Reyes Marcela M Public Health Unit, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with a mild chronic inflammatory response, which has been suggested to be pivotal in the development of cardiometabolic alterations of obesity. However, little is known about the involvement of acute inflammation. To evaluate whether circulating neutrophils, markers of acute inflammation, are associated (quantitatively and qualitatively) with adolescent ...
Perez-Cornago Aurora - - 2014
Background/objective The interplay between individual's mood fluctuations and nutrition has important health implications. However, little information is available on the relationship between dietary intake and mood state in a population with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between dietary intake and mood ...
Ng Zoe Yi ZY Faculty of Applied Sciences, UCSI University, No. 1, Jalan Menara Gading, UCSI Heights, Cheras, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
LEP G-2548A (rs7799039), LEPR Q223R (rs1137101) and TNF-α G-308A (rs1800629) gene variants have been reported to be associated with obesity, although results for different population have been controversial. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a Malaysian adolescent population and the association of these polymorphisms ...
Mehta Nidhi N From the Department of Medicine and Cardiovascular Institute, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (N.M., A.Q., L.Q., M.P.R., D.J.R.); Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco (A.N.Q.); and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
Angiopoietin-like protein 3 (ANGPTL3) and 4 (ANGPTL4) are secreted proteins that inhibit lipoprotein lipase in vitro. Genetic variants at the ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL4 gene loci are significantly associated with plasma lipid traits. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of plasma ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL4 concentrations with lipid ...
Tajima Ryoko R Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences, Ochanomizu University, - - 2014
Some foods rich in cholesterol are associated with high risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). To confirm the association between dietary cholesterol intake and T2D risk, we performed a meta-analysis of observational studies. We searched for longitudinal studies that provided data on the relative risk (RR) for T2D in relation ...
Inoue-Choi Maki M Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer - - 2014
Background: Dietary supplements are widely used by cancer survivors. However, health effects among older cancer survivors are unclear. Methods: We used the Iowa Women's Health Study, a prospective cohort study with 2,118 postmenopausal women with a confirmed cancer diagnosis (1986-2002), to evaluate the association between postdiagnosis dietary supplement use assessed ...
Georgoulis Michael M Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, El. Venizelou 70, Kallithea, 17671, Athens, - - 2014
There is evidence that dietary habits contribute to the presence and severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of the present study was to explore any associations between consumption of grains and the development and severity of NAFLD. Seventy-three consecutive NAFLD patients were enrolled. Additionally, 58 controls matched ...
Wise Lauren A LA Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, Boston, MA (LAW, RGR, EAR-N, JRP, and LR), and the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
Uterine leiomyomata (UL) are the primary indication for hysterectomy and are 2-3 times more common in black than white women. High dietary fat intake has been associated with increased endogenous concentrations of estradiol, a sex steroid hormone that is known to influence UL risk. We assessed the relation of dietary ...
Colacino Justin A JA Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 6630 SPH Tower, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2014
Chronic cadmium exposure may cause disease through induction of systemic oxidative stress and inflammation. Factors that mitigate cadmium toxicity and could serve as interventions in exposed populations have not been well characterized. We used data from the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to quantify diet׳s role in modifying ...
Tucker Robin M RM Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, 700W. State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to examine the reliability of associations between fat taste, hunger, dietary fat intake, and body mass index (BMI). Detection thresholds for oleic acid (OA) were obtained during each of 7 consecutive visits using a modified staircase procedure. Participants were 48 (N = 17 male; ...
Chandra Alvin A Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX, 75390-9047, USA, - - 2014
Advanced lipid testing has been suggested by some experts to identify patients with substantial residual risk for more aggressive targeting of lifestyle and pharmacologic therapies. It measures the subpopulation of lipoproteins and apolipoproteins, which include lipoprotein (a), apolipoprotein A-I, and apolipoprotein B, and measures of lipoprotein particle composition such as ...
Vilela Ana Amélia Freitas - - 2014
This study aimed to identify dietary patterns and assess their association with abdominal fat. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Central West Region of Brazil with a probabilistic sample of 208 adults of both sexes. Data on food intake was obtained using a food frequency questionnaire and factor analysis ...
Addo O Y OY Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
OBjective:To examine the associations between the adiposity-related information conveyed by field fatness measures: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and sum of triceps and subscapular skinfolds (SUM SF) relative to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), beyond their common intercorrelations, with three important metabolic variables in US adolescents.Methods:We analyzed data on ...
Jacobs S S Department of Molecular Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Nuthetal, - - 2014
Background/objective:Blood proportions of fatty acids (FAs) and FA-ratios reflecting desaturase activity are associated with the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular diseases. Biomarkers of dyslipidemia are considered as potential mediators of this association. We evaluated associations of erythrocyte membrane proportions of individual disease-related polyunsaturated fatty ...
Moradi Hamid H Harold Simmons Center for Kidney Disease Research and Epidemiology, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of California Irvine, School of Medicine, Orange, CA, - - 2014
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) confers protection against atherosclerosis by several different mechanisms. Although in the general population, increasing levels of HDL are associated with reduced cardiovascular (CV) mortality, this association is not well known in patients with chronic disease states such as end-stage renal disease. We hypothesize that the association of ...
Stojkovic Ivana A IA The Clinical Nutrition Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease, Genetic Epidemiology, Lund University, Lund, - - 2014
The Ile148Met (rs738409, G-allele) in the patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 gene (PNPLA3) associates with liver fat content and may lead to loss-of-function (hydrolysis) or gain-of-function (CoA-dependent lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase) defects. PNPLA3 is up-regulated by dietary carbohydrates, and interactions between rs738409 and carbohydrates, and sugar and ω6:ω3-polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ...
Kozlitina Julia J 1] McDermott Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA. - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of liver disease. To elucidate the molecular basis of NAFLD, we performed an exome-wide association study of liver fat content. Three variants were associated with higher liver fat levels at the exome-wide significance level of 3.6 × 10(-7): two in ...
Labonté Marie-Ève - - 2014
Our cross-sectional study assessed the associations between dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among Nunavik Inuit. This study was conducted as part of the 2004 Nunavik Inuit Health Survey, which included the collection of clinical measurements, plasma samples, and diet information from a food frequency questionnaire. A sample ...
Dabbah S S Department of Cardiology, Ziv Medical Center and Bar-Ilan University, Safed, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epicardial and pericardial fat are separate fat depots surrounding the heart. Previous studies found epicardial fat to be associated with diastolic dysfunction, but they had some limitations. Pericardial fat association with diastolic dysfunction was not examined. Our aim was to assess the relation of epicardial and pericardial fat with diastolic filling. ...
Bel-Serrat S S 8217;Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development' (GENUD) Research Group, Department of Physiatry and Nursery, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, - - 2014
Background/objectives:The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between amino acid (AA) intake and serum lipid profile in European adolescents from eight European cities participating in the cross-sectional (2006-2007) HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) study, and to assess whether this association was independent of ...
Larsen Sofus C SC Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals, the Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark (SCL, LÄ, BLH, and TIAS); the Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section on Metabolic Genetics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (TSA, OP, TH, and TIAS); the Research Centre for Prevention and Health, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark (TS, AL, LLNH, UT, and BLH); the Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark (NR, AT, and JH); the Section of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark (KO); the Department of Cardiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark (KO); the National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark (BLH); and the Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia - - 2014
Studies indicate an effect of dietary calcium on change in body weight (BW) and waist circumference (WC), but the results are inconsistent. Furthermore, a relation could depend on genetic predisposition to obesity. The objective was to examine whether genetic predisposition to higher body mass index (BMI), WC, or waist-hip ratio ...
Yamashiro K K Department of Neurology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with the risk of coronary artery disease and stroke. Visceral fat plays a significant role in the atherogenic effects of obesity. Whether visceral fat accumulation, as measured by computed tomography (CT), is an independent risk factor for the presence of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) was investigated. ...
Iglesia Iris I GENUD: "Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development" Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain; Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, - - 2014
Because socioeconomic factors (SEFs) may influence dietary quality and vitamin intakes, this study aimed to examine associations between socioeconomic factors and folate and vitamin B12 intakes as well as their related biomarkers in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study. Vitamin intakes were obtained from two 24-hour ...
Strien Tatjana van TV Department of Clinical Psychology, Institute for Gender Studies and Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Institute of Health Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine in a representative Dutch sample the association of dietary restraint, Concern for Dieting, and Weight Fluctuation with subsequent change in body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) in addition to possible moderator effects of sex, level of education, age category, ethnicity, overweight level and physical activity. In a longitudinal ...
Mann Evelyne E Institute of Milk Hygiene, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, Vetmeduni Vienna, Vienna, Austria ; Research Cluster 'Animal Gut Health', Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, Vetmeduni Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Dietary composition largely influences pig's gastrointestinal microbiota and represents a useful prophylactic tool against enteric disturbances in young pigs. Despite the importance for host-microbe interactions and bacterial colonization, dietary responses of the mucosa-associated bacterial communities are less well investigated. In the present study, we characterized the mucosa-associated bacterial communities at ...
Kanerva Noora N Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare , Helsinki and Turku , - - 2014
Introduction. Inflammation is an important contributor to the development of chronic diseases. We examined whether a healthy Nordic diet, also called the Baltic Sea diet, associates with lower concentrations of inflammatory markers. Methods. We used two independent cross-sectional studies: the DILGOM study including Finnish participants aged 25-74 years (n = ...
Littlejohn Mathew D MD Research & Development, Livestock Improvement Corporation, Hamilton, New - - 2014
Milk is composed of a complex mixture of lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and various vitamins and minerals as a source of nutrition for young mammals. The composition of milk varies between individuals, with lipid composition in particular being highly heritable. Recent reports have highlighted a region of bovine chromosome 27 harbouring ...
Beijers Hanneke J B H HJ Department of Medicine, Catharina Hospital, Postbox 1350, 5602 ZA Eindhoven, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate whether an adverse body composition is associated with endothelial dysfunction (ED) and the extent to which any such association could be explained by low-grade inflammation (LGI) and/or insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR). We studied 475 individuals from the Hoorn Study [mean (range) age, 68.9 (60-87) years, 245 women). Body composition ...
Horibe Hideki H Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Gifu Prefectural Tajimi Hospital, Tajimi, Gifu 507-8522, - - 2014
We have previously shown that the C→T polymorphism (rs6929846) of the butyrophilin, subfamily 2, member A1 gene (BTN2A1) was significantly associated with myocardial infarction. Considering that dyslipidemia is a significant risk factor for coronary heart disease, it was hypothesized that the association between rs6929846 of BTN2A1 and myocardial infarction may be attributable, at ...
Jiang Zhenghui Gordon ZG Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
Dyslipidemia, typically recognized as high serum triglyceride, high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) or low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, low LDL-C levels could result from defects in lipoprotein metabolism or impaired liver synthetic function, and may serve as ab initio markers ...
Wang Jingzhou J Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
The 'Blood-Type' diet advises individuals to eat according to their ABO blood group to improve their health and decrease risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease. However, the association between blood type-based dietary patterns and health outcomes has not been examined. The objective of this study was to determine ...
Christian Jennifer Briley JB Jennifer Briley Christian, PharmD, MPH, PhD Senior Director, GlaxoSmithKline, Durham, North Carolina. Nancy Ellen Bourgeois, BS Data Analyst, GlaxoSmithKline, Durham, North Carolina. Kimberly Anne Lowe, PhD Managing Epidemiologist, Exponent Health Sciences, Bellevue, - - 2014
Cholesterol screening is an effective method for identifying individuals with elevated triglyceride levels. Individuals with severe hypertriglyceridemia (SHTG; ≥500 mg/dL) have a substantially higher risk for developing coronary heart disease and acute pancreatitis than individuals with lower triglyceride levels. The aims of this study were to estimate the proportion of ...
Wang Jiawei J The Population Health Centre, University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM), S2.RM718A, 2nd floor, Tour Saint-Antoine, 850, rue Saint-Denis, Montreal, QC H2X 0A9, - - 2014
Previous evidence showed controversial links between added sugar intake, diet quality, and increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components (abdominal adiposity, dysglycemia, elevated blood pressure, reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and hypertriglyceridemia) in youth, and most studied only its liquid source of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB). To better understand the extent ...
Welch Ailsa A AA Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, - - 2014
Age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass results in a reduction in metabolically active tissue and has been related to the onset of obesity and sarcopenia. Although the causes of muscle loss are poorly understood, dietary fat has been postulated to have a role in determining protein turnover through an influence ...
Sinha-Hikim Indrani I Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine (I. S.-H., T. C. F, C.-S. S., D. L., R. I., A. P. S.-H.), Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, CA 90059 and David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California (I. S.-H., T.C. F.), Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA - - 2014
Smoking is a major risk factor for diabetes, cardiovascular disease and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The health risk associated with smoking can be exaggerated by obesity. We hypothesize that nicotine, when combined with a high-fat diet (HFD) can also cause ectopic lipid accumulation in skeletal muscle, similar to recently ...
Friedman Daniel J DJ Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with altered atrial electrophysiology and a prominent risk factor for atrial fibrillation. Body mass index, the most widely used adiposity measure, has been related to atrial electrical remodeling. We tested the hypothesis that pericardial fat is independently associated with electrocardiographic measures of atrial conduction. We performed a ...
Cougnard-Grégoire Audrey A Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France; INSERM (Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale), ISPED (Institut de Santé Publique d'Épidémiologie et de Développement), Centre INSERM U897-Epidemiologie-Biostatistique, Bordeaux, - - 2014
Lipid metabolism and particularly high-density lipoprotein (HDL) may be involved in the pathogenic mechanism of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, conflicting results have been reported in the associations of AMD with plasma HDL and other lipids, which may be confounded by the recently reported associations of AMD with HDL-related genes. ...
Domingo Pere P Infectious Diseases Unit, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
HIV-1/HAART-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HALS) has been associated with exposure to stavudine (d4T) through mitochondrial dysfunction. We performed a 48-week study to assess the effects of switching from d4T to raltegravir (RAL) on metabolic and fat molecular parameters of patients with HALS. Forty-two patients with HALS and a median exposure to ...
Lee Alexandra K AK Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Atherosclerotic changes associated with dyslipidemia and increased cardiovascular disease risk are believed to begin in childhood. While previous studies have linked added sugars consumption to low high-density lipoprotein (HDL), little is known about the long-term impact of this consumption. This study aims to assess the association between added sugars intake ...
Wakai Kenji K Department of Preventive Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8550, Japan. - - 2014
It may be useful to examine associations of fat intakes with total mortality as a basis for dietary recommendations. We aimed to elucidate associations between dietary fat and total mortality among Japanese populations with low fat intake. We conducted a prospective study consisting of 58,672 men and women aged 40 ...
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