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Loukopoulos Panayiotis P California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, San Bernardino (Loukopoulos, Uzal)Davis (Bautista, Puschner, Crossley, Holser), School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CATulare (Gomes, Shivaprasad) branches, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CADepartment of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology (Murphy), School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, - - 2014
An outbreak of goiter with high morbidity and mortality in a flock of budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) in California is described. Forty-five out of 400 adult birds exhibited signs of illness, weight loss, and enlargement in the crop area; 15 of the 45 birds died over a 2-3-month period. Diet consisted ...
Minarikova Zuzana - - 2014
Atherogenic dyslipoproteinemia is one of the most important risk factor for atherosclerotic changes development. Hypothyroidism is one of the most common causes of secondary dyslipidemias which results from reduced LDL clearance and therefore raised levels of LDL and apoB. Association between small dense LDL (sdLDL) presentation and thyroid status has ...
Chadio Stella E SE Department of Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals, Faculty of Animal Science and Aquaculture, Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
A total of 400, as hatched, broilers were used to investigate the effect of increase of selenium and energy intake on thyroid hormone metabolism, growth and liver fatty acid profile. There were 5 replicates of 4 dietary treatments namely, TA (0.289mg Se per kg diet and adequate energy content), TB ...
Shao Shan-Shan SS 1] Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Ji-nan 250021, China [2] Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Shandong Academy of Clinical Medicine, Ji-nan 250021, - - 2014
Aim:Excess dietary fat intake can induce lipotoxicity in non-adipose tissues. The aim of this study was to observe the effects of dietary high-fat lard intake on thyroid in rats.Methods:Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a high-fat lard diet for 24 weeks, and then the rats were fed a normal control diet ...
Spadafranca Angela A International Center for the Assessment of Nutritional Status (ICANS), University of Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Whereas hypothyroid subjects have a decreased resting energy expenditure (REE), it is unknown whether REE is associated with TSH in euthyroid subjects. It is also uncertain whether there is an association between cardiometabolic risk factors and TSH among euthyroid subjects. The primary aim was to test whether REE and TSH ...
Kao Wei-Tsung WT Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
The present study tried to explore the effects of Paliperidone on the lipid profiles of schizophrenia patients. One hundred twenty-nine subjects diagnosed with schizophrenia were enrolled into this study and completed the lipid profile evaluation. Their blood samples were obtained on the morning following a 12-hours fast. Cholesterol and triglyceride ...
Sugawara Norio - - 2014
Obesity among patients with schizophrenia is a growing concern because being overweight is widely regarded as a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and premature death. Dietary patterns have been suggested as one modifiable factor that may play a role in development of obesity. The objective of this study was ...
Liang C-S CS Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Introduction: Few studies have investigated the likelihood of weight maintenance in obese persons with schizophrenia after their initial successful weight loss. This pilot open-label study examined the efficacy of topiramate in weight loss and the trajectory of weight changes after topiramate discontinuation. Methods: This study enrolled 10 obese persons with ...
Faulhammer Eva E Technical University Graz, Austria. Inffeldgasse 13, 8010, Graz; Research Center Pharmaceutical Engineering, Graz, Austria. Inffeldgasse 13, 8010, - - 2014
The goal of this work is to identify and understand the complex relationship between the material attributes, capsule fill weight and weight variability of capsules filled with a dosator nozzle machine. Six powders were characterized and filled into size-3 capsules in three volumes of dosing chambers and at two filling ...
Karl J Philip JP Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington St, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2014
High eating behavior self-efficacy may contribute to successful weight loss. Diet interventions that maximize eating behavior self-efficacy may therefore improve weight loss outcomes. However, data on the effect of diet composition on eating behavior self-efficacy are sparse. To determine the effects of dietary glycemic load (GL) on eating behavior self-efficacy ...
Navarro Ana A Liso AA Center for Comparative Neuroimaging. Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, 01604, USA; Office Médico-Pédagogique, Department of Psychiatry, University of Geneva School of Medicine, 1 David Dufour, CP 50, 1211 Geneva 8, - - 2014
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heterogeneous psychiatric disorder affecting 5-10% of children. One of the suggested mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of ADHD is insufficient energy supply to neurons. Here, we investigated the role of omega 3 fatty acids in altering neural energy metabolism and behavior of spontaneously hypertensive rats ...
Marí-Bauset Salvador S 1Unit of Public Health and Environmental Care, Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, - - 2014
In autism spectrum disorders, many parents resort to alternative treatments and these are generally perceived as risk free. Among these, the most commonly used is the gluten-free, casein-free diet. The objective of this work was to conduct a systematic review of studies published from 1970 to date related to the ...
Jacobowitz William - - 2014
This study attempted to evaluate the effect of a calorie-restricted diet on weight change in short-term acute care psychiatric patients receiving atypical antipsychotic medication. A descriptive correlational design utilizing chart review and a convenience sample of 100 participants was used. Fifty charts of patients hospitalized prior to the implementation of ...
Schoeller Dale A DA Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin. Electronic address: - - 2014
The topic of holiday weight gain has been a frequent subject of the lay media, however, scientific interest has only been recent. Multiple studies in Western societies have reported average weight gains among adults during the period between mid-November and mid-January that were about 0.5kg. The range in individual weight ...
Fallucca Francesco F University La Sapienza, Rome, - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex disorder influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Recent studies have suggested that an imbalance of the intestinal microbiota may be involved in the development of several human diseases, including obesity and T2DM. The main regulators of the intestinal microbiota are age, ...
Wong Annette Ty AT School of Medicine and Pharmacology (A.T.Y.W., D.C.C., P.H.R.B., G.F.W.) and Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics (P.H.R.B.), University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (L.A.A.), Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
Context: Dysregulated chylomicron metabolism may account for hypertriglyceridemia and increased risk of cardiovascular disease in obese subjects. Omega-3 fatty acid ethyl ester (ω-3 FAEE) supplementation decreases plasma triglyceride. However, its effect on postprandial chylomicron metabolism in obese subjects on a weight loss diet has not yet been investigated. Objective: We ...
Konarzewska Beata - - 2014
BMI (body mass index) can be misleading regarding the level of adiposity in a normal-weight individual. Recently, a bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) method was developed that can measure body composition variables. The main objectives of this study were to use BIA to compare the body composition variables between chronic non-diabetic ...
Orsama Anna-Leena AL VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Tampere, - - 2014
Background/Aims : The week's cycle influences sleep, exercise, and eating habits. An accurate description of weekly weight rhythms has not been reported yet - especially across people who lose weight versus those who maintain or gain weight. Methods: The daily weight in 80 adults (BMI 20.0-33.5 kg/m(2); age, 25-62 years) ...
Hu T T Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, - - 2014
Obesity is an important public health issue because of its high prevalence and concomitant increase in risk of cardiovascular diseases. Low carbohydrate diets are popular for weight loss and weight management but are not recommended in leading guidelines due to the perception that increases in dietary fat intake may lead ...
Ainiyet Babajohn B Department of Psychiatry, Akerhus Universytetssykehus, Oslo, - - 2014
Background Lifetime suicide mortality in people with schizophrenia is approximately 4-5%, which is higher than in the general population. In mood disorders, many studies and meta-analyses have shown a link between suicidal behavior and low lipid levels, especially that of cholesterol, and some studies have also suggested such a relationship ...
Montalcini Tiziana T Clinical Nutrition Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Science, University Magna Grecia, Catanzaro 88100, Italy. - - 2014
Background: Low fat utilization is linked to weight gain and to the presence of certain atherosclerosis markers. It is not clear whether the presence of hyperlipidemia can further affect nutrients utilization. The main objective of this study was to investigate the fasting fuel utilization of obese subjects suffering from hypertriglyceridemia, ...
Bak Maarten M Maastricht University Medical Centre, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Antipsychotics (AP) induce weight gain. However, reviews and meta-analyses generally are restricted to second generation antipsychotics (SGA) and do not stratify for duration of AP use. It is hypothesised that patients gain more weight if duration of AP use is longer. A meta-analysis was conducted of clinical trials of AP ...
Woo Hae Dong HD Molecular Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Center, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 410-769, Korea. - - 2014
The role of diet in the behavior of children has been controversial, but the association of several nutritional factors with childhood behavioral disorders has been continually suggested. We conducted a case-control study to identify dietary patterns associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study included 192 elementary school students ...
Tapsell Linda Clare LC a School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong , Wollongong , 2522 , - - 2014
Vegetable consumption is a key strategy in many weight loss programs but establishing the evidence that vegetable consumption per se assists with weight loss may be difficult. Creating a dietary energy deficit involves the whole diet, so research on the effects of vegetables may need to consider the whole-dietary model. ...
Di Matola Tiziana T A.O.R.N. dei Colli Hospital, Naples, - - 2014
Complementary medications and herbal medicine for weight loss have become very popular. We report a case of thyroid dysfunction following the ingestion of a kelp-containing marketed diet in a 45-year-old woman with no previous thyroid disease. Signs of hyperthyroidism occurred shortly after a kelp-containing diet. Hyperthyroidism lasted 2 months and was ...
Catenacci Victoria Anne VA Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, - - 2013
The National Weight Control Registry (NWCR) was established to examine characteristics of successful weight loss maintainers. This study compares the diet and behavioral characteristics and weight regain trajectories of NWCR members with differing physical activity (PA) levels at baseline. Participants (n=3591) were divided into 4 levels of self-reported PA at ...
Cullen M W - - 2013
Aim: The effect of a one-time visit to a cardiovascular health clinic (CVHC) on weight change remains unknown. Our study examined the effects of such a visit for subjects undergoing medical and preventive evaluations. Methods: The study screened 836 subjects with a baseline BMI>25 kg/m2 and a follow-up weight at ...
Mattes Richard - - 2013
Energy intake is a function of the quantity of energy consumed per ingestive event and the number of these events. The marked increase of energy intake and body weight over the past 35years indicates there has been poor precision in the reciprocity of these two facets of intake. With recent ...
Schebendach Janet E - - 2013
Avoidance of dietary fat is a highly characteristic eating behavior of individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN). To date, no study has determined whether these individuals are better able to perceive the fat content of foods than individuals without AN. The goal of this study was to compare blinded taste ratings ...
Hennecke Marie - - 2013
Background: Dieters often show weight cycling, i.e. prior successful weight loss is followed by weight gain. The current study examined how goal progress during a diet (i.e. weight loss) impacts subsequent weight loss depending on whether success is identified on the process level or the outcome level of dieting. Methods: ...
Taveira Tracey H - - 2013
Olanzapine (OLZ), a commonly prescribed second generation antipsychotic drug, is associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome and may contribute to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Opioidergic neurotransmission may be implicated in the development of these metabolic disturbances. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of opioid blockade ...
Ramage Stephanie S a Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P5, - - 2014
The rates of overweight and obesity are rising in Canada and worldwide, and there is a need for effective methods for weight loss and weight maintenance to empower individuals to make changes. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the evidence available for successful diet strategies for weight ...
Kong Ling Chun - - 2013
The ability to identify obese subjects who will lose weight in response to energy restriction is an important strategy in obesity treatment. We aimed to identify obese subjects who would lose weight and maintain weight loss through 6 wk of energy restriction and 6 wk of weight maintenance. Fifty obese ...
Hursel Rick - - 2013
Maintaining the level of daily energy expenditure during weight loss and weight maintenance is as important as maintaining satiety while decreasing energy intake. In this context, different catechin- and caffeine-rich teas (CCRTs), such as green, oolong, and white teas, as well as caffeine have been proposed as tools for maintaining ...
Armstrong Bridget - - 2013
Maternal encouragement to diet has been linked to child disordered eating, overweight and obesity, and negative psychosocial outcomes. A limited amount of research has examined variables that may contribute to maternal encouragement to diet. The current study examined the relationship between child BMI, parent BMI, maternal concern about child weight ...
Seaman David R DR Professor, Department of Clinical Sciences, National University of Health Sciences, Pinellas Park, - - 2013
The purpose of this commentary is to discuss modern lifestyle factors that promote weight gain and to suggest methods for clinicians to more effectively educate patients about weight management. Most adults in the United States are overweight or obese. Multiple factors related to the modern lifestyle appear to play causal ...
Nawrocki Andrea R - - 2013
Phosphosdiesterase 10A (PDE10A) is a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of schizophrenia. Here we report a novel role of PDE10A in the regulation of caloric intake and energy homeostasis. PDE10A-deficient mice are resistant to diet-induced obesity (DIO) and associated metabolic disturbances. Inhibition of weight gain is due to hypophagia ...
Latner Janet D - - 2013
Successful weight maintenance after weight loss is exceedingly rare. The present study aimed to identify psychological predictors of lapses and weight maintenance. Self-efficacy, coping, and perceptions of lapses were examined as potential predictors of lapse frequency and weight maintenance (percentage weight loss maintained). Participants included 67 adults (85.3 % women) who ...
Bush Terry M - - 2013
The use and effectiveness of tobacco quitlines by weight is still unknown. This study aims to determine if baseline weight is associated with treatment engagement, cessation, or weight gain following quitline treatment. Quitline participants (n = 595) were surveyed at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Baseline weight was not associated with treatment engagement. ...
Lim Soo - - 2013
Given that the variation in how regional adipose tissue handles and stores excess dietary energy has substantial cardiometabolic implications, ectopic fat distribution might be an important predictor of cardiometabolic and vascular risk, in addition to overall obesity itself. Conceptually, ectopic fat depots may be divided into systemically acting fat depots ...
Park Subin - - 2013
In contrast to olanzapine, ziprasidone has been reported to cause minimal or no weight gain. This study aimed to compare the effects of ziprasidone and olanzapine on weight, body composition, appetite, resting energy expenditure, substrate oxidation, and metabolic parameters in adults with schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders. Twenty adults with ...
Wadden T - - 2013
Objective:Liraglutide, a once-daily human glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analog, induced clinically meaningful weight loss in a phase 2 study in obese individuals without diabetes. The present randomized phase 3 trial assessed the efficacy of liraglutide in maintaining weight loss achieved with a low-calorie diet (LCD).Methods:Obese/overweight participants (18 years, BMI 30 kgm(-2) or ...
Hu F B - - 2013
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are the single largest source of added sugar and the top source of energy intake in the U.S. diet. In this review, we evaluate whether there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing SSB consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and its related diseases. Because prospective cohort ...
Grandy S - - 2013
This study compared health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who reported their perception of weight change vs. actual weight change. Respondents to the US Study to Help Improve Early evaluation and management of risk factors Leading to Diabetes (SHIELD) 2008 survey were asked ...
Sullivan Debra K - - 2013
Compare weight loss and maintenance between a face-to-face (FTF) weight management clinic and a clinic delivered via virtual reality (VR). Participants were randomized to 3 months of weight loss with a weekly clinic delivered via FTF or VR and then 6 months' weight maintenance delivered with VR. Data were collected ...
Nicholls Stephen - - 2013
LDL cholesterol lowering with statins have had a profound impact on cardiovascular (CV) event rates and accordingly have become an integral component of strategies designed to reduce CV risk. The finding of a residual clinical risk, despite LDL cholesterol lowering, supports the need to develop additional therapeutic strategies for CV ...
Hu Shaohua - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare matched paliperidone-ER- and olanzapine-treated schizophrenic patients on measures of glucose and lipid metabolism. METHODS: Eighty hospitalized patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV) were randomly assigned to treatment with paliperidone ER or olanzapine for a period of 12 weeks. At baseline and every 4 weeks, we assessed weight, subcutaneous fat, waist and ...
Vartanian Lenny R - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated the stigma of obesity surgery by examining whether attitudes towards a lean person can change after learning that the person used to be obese but recently lost weight either through surgery or through diet and exercise. METHODS: Participants (total N = 135) initially viewed an image of ...
Saliba Louise F LF Departamento de Genética, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil . ; Escola de Saúde e Biociências, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil - - 2014
The individual response to diet may be influenced by gene polymorphisms. This study hypothesized that ADRB2 (Gln27Glu, rs1042714 and Arg16Gly, rs1042713), ADRB3 (Trp64Arg, rs4994) and GHRL (Leu72Met, rs696217) polymorphisms moderate weight loss. The study was a seven weeks dietary weight loss intervention with Brazilian adult obese women (n = 109). ...
Wang Ping - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Weight loss helps reduce the symptoms of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the obese, but weight regain after active weight loss is common. We investigated the changes and predictive role of circulating adipokines and sex hormones for weight regain in men during dietary intervention, and also the effect of ...
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