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Roh Sang-Gun SG Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA; Lab of Animal Physiology, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, - - 2014
This experiment was to determine if replacing soybean meal with fermented soybean meal (FSBM) would reduce the innate immune response after lipopolysaccharide challenge and the changes of gene expression profiles associated with this response. Forty-eight 21 day-old pigs were housed individually and fed three diets for 15 days: CON (a ...
Galassi A A Department of Medicine, Renal and Dialysis Unit, Desio Hospital, Desio, Italy, - - 2014
Phosphate metabolism is crucial in the pathophysiology of secondary hyperparathyroidism and vascular calcification. High phosphate levels have been consistently associated with unfavorable outcomes in dialysis patients, but several limitations are still hampering a resolutive definition of the optimal targets of phosphate serum levels to be achieved in this cohort. Nonetheless, ...
Pande Shubhra - - 2012
Soluble fiber-rich tender cluster bean pod (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) (CB) and a combination of CB and capsaicin, a thermogenic spice compound were evaluated for weight reducing effect in high-fat fed Wistar rats. Freeze-dried CB and capsaicin were included at 15% and 0.015%, respectively, in the high-fat (30%) diet for 8 weeks. ...
Jia Yimin - - 2012
Glucose-6-phosphatase (G6PC) plays an important role in glucose homeostasis because it catalyzes the final steps of gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis. Maternal malnutrition during pregnancy affects G6PC activity, yet it is unknown whether epigenetic regulations of the G6PC gene are also affected. In this study, we fed primiparous, purebred Meishan sows either ...
Liu Chun-Hung - - 2012
The aim of this study was to improve the growth performance, immune response and disease resistance of grouper, Epinephelus coioides by using probiotic, Bacillus subtilis E20. The percent weight gain (PWG) and feeding efficiency (FE) of grouper administered the probiotic B. subtilis E20 were calculated. Survival of B. subtilis E20 ...
Rochell S J - - 2012
This experiment evaluated rate of passage (ROP) and apparent ileal amino acid digestibility (AIAAD) of 4 diets varying in ingredient composition fed to broilers from 14 to 22 d of age. Two hundred and 88 Ross × Ross 708 chicks (12 birds per cage; 0.45 m(2) per bird) were randomly ...
González-Granillo M - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Liver X receptor (LXR)α regulates the genes involved in cholesterol, fatty acid and glucose metabolism. Soy protein (SP) consumption reduces the hepatic accumulation of cholesterol and triacylglycerol, and improves insulin sensitivity. However, it is not known whether these effects are mediated via LXRα. We therefore investigated whether the consumption ...
Lee Gong-Rak - - 2012
Visceral obesity contributes to the development of obesity-related disorders such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and fatty liver disease, as well as cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we determined whether topical application of capsaicin can reduce fat accumulation in visceral adipose tissues. We first observed that topical application of 0.075% capsaicin to ...
Zokaeifar Hadi - - 2012
We studied the effect of two probiotic Bacillus subtilis strains on the growth performance, digestive enzyme activity, immune gene expression and disease resistance of juvenile white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). A mixture of two probiotic strains, L10 and G1 in equal proportions, was administered at two different doses 10(5) (BM5) and ...
Zhou Y W - - 2012
This study was conducted to investigate effects of disodium fumarate (DF) on fermentation characteristics and microbial populations in the rumen of Hu sheep fed on high-forage diets. Two complementary feeding trials were conducted. In Trial 1, six Hu sheep fitted with ruminal cannulae were randomly allocated to a 2 × ...
Allain Ronan - - 2012
Spinosaurids are among the largest and most specialized carnivorous dinosaurs. The morphology of their crocodile-like skull, stomach contents, and oxygen isotopic composition of the bones suggest they had a predominantly piscivorous diet. Even if close relationships between spinosaurids and Middle Jurassic megalosaurs seem well established, very little is known about ...
Park H - - 2012
Leptin is a protein hormone produced by adipocytes. It is secreted into the blood stream and plays a key role in regulating body energy homeostasis by inhibiting feeding behavior followed by decreased body weight. Because protein aggregation is a major problem in therapeutic proteins, we previously demonstrated that a stabilizing ...
Clearwater S J - - 2012
Survival of juvenile freshwater mussels (Echyridella menziesii (Gray, 1843) formerly known as Hyridella menziesi) and crayfish (Paranephrops planifrons, White, 1842) decreased after four days exposure to microcystin-containing cell-free extracts (MCFE) of Microcystis sp. at concentrations typical of severe cyanobacterial blooms. Crayfish survival was 100, 80, and 50% in microcystin concentrations ...
Vidal V - - 2012
Knowledge about parasites of Antarctic birds is fragmented and scarce. The aim of this work is to contribute to the knowledge of gastrointestinal parasites of the Chinstrap Penguin (Pygoscelis antarctica) from Deception Island (South Shetlands, Antarctica). Gastrointestinal tracts of 64 fresh dead individuals (61 chicks and three adults) were collected ...
Cong Rihua - - 2012
To investigate the effect of maternal dietary protein on hepatic cholesterol metabolism in offspring pigs and to detect underlying epigenetic mechanisms, 14 primiparous purebred Meishan sows were fed standard-protein (SP, n=7) or low-protein (LP, 50% of SP, n=7) diets during pregnancy and lactation, respectively. LP piglets showed significantly lower body ...
Godbole Madan M - - 2012
Maternal hypothyroidism affects postnatal lung structure. High prevalence of hypothyroxinemia (low T4, normal T3) in iodine-deficient pregnant women and associated risk for neuropsychological development along with high infant/neonatal mortality ascribed to respiratory distress prompted us to study the effects of maternal hypothyroxinemia on postnatal lung development. Female Sprague Dawley rats ...
Wycherley Thomas P - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of two low-fat, hypoenergetic diets differing in carbohydrate-to-protein ratio, on strength and aerobic capacity measures in overweight and obese men. METHODS: In a parallel design, 56 men (age, 45.5 ± 8.7 years; BMI, 33.6 ± 3.9 kg/m(2)) were randomly assigned to a low-fat, energy-restricted diet (7,000 kJ/day) with either high protein (HP: ...
Xu Yan Jun - - 2012
Sarpogrelate (SP), a serotonin (5-HT2A) receptor antagonist, is used as an anti-platelet agent for the treatment of some vascular diseases. SP has been reported to inhibit 5-HT induced coronary artery spasm, increase in intracellular calcium and smooth muscle cells proliferation. This study was undertaken to test that SP suppresses the ...
Yu Qi - - 2012
The capsaicin receptor, known as transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 1 (TRPV1), is an important membrane receptor that has been implicated in obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. The rabbit model is considered excellent for studying cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, however, the tissue expression of TRPV1 and physiological ...
Xiong Qingming - - 2012
Intracellular cholesterol amounts, distribution and traffic are tightly regulated to maintain the healthy eukaryotic cell function. However, how intracellular pathogens that require cholesterol, interact with the host cholesterol homeostasis and traffic is not well understood. Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an obligatory intracellular and cholesterol-robbing bacterium, which causes human granulocytic anaplasmosis. Here ...
Stidsen Jacob V - - 2012
Pulmonary surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a host defence lectin of the innate immune system that enhances clearance of pathogens and modulates inflammatory responses. Recently it has been found that systemic SP-D is associated with metabolic disturbances and that SP-D deficient mice are mildly obese. However, the mechanism behind SP-D's ...
Contreras-Padilla Margarita - - 2011
Chemical proximate analysis was done in order to determine the changes of nutritional characteristics of nopal powders from three different maturity stages 50, 100, and 150 days and obtained by three different drying processes: freeze dried, forced air oven, and tunnel. Results indicate that nopal powder obtained by the process of ...
Lee C Y Daniel - - 2012
Allelic variation in the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene is the major risk factor of sporadic Alzheimer disease. ApoE is the primary cholesterol carrier in the brain. Previously, we demonstrated that intracellular degradation of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides by microglia is dramatically enhanced in the presence of apoE. However, the molecular mechanisms ...
Grasselli Elena - - 2011
Recent reports demonstrated that 3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine (T2) was able to prevent lipid accumulation in the liver of rats fed a high fat diet (HFD). In the present study, we investigated how the rat liver responds to HFD and T2 treatment by assessing the transcription profiles of some genes involved in the ...
Zinn R A - - 2011
The primary reason for processing maize is to enhance feeding value. Total tract starch digestion is similar for coarsely processed (dry rolled, cracked) dry maize. Enhancements in starch digestion due to dry rolling maize v. feeding maize whole may be greater in light-weight calves than in yearlings, and when DM ...
Kamaya Aya - - 2011
Intraabdominal fat is a metabolically active tissue that may undergo necrosis through a number of mechanisms. Fat necrosis is a common finding at abdominal cross-sectional imaging, and it may cause abdominal pain, mimic findings of acute abdomen, or be asymptomatic and accompany other pathophysiologic processes. Common processes that are present ...
Reverter Meritxell - - 2011
Cholesterol regulates plasma membrane (PM) association and functioning of syntaxin-4 and soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein 23 (SNAP23) in the secretory pathway. However, the molecular mechanism and cellular cholesterol pools that determine the localization and assembly of these target membrane SNAP receptors (t-SNAREs) are largely unknown. We recently demonstrated that high ...
Kabil Hadise - - 2011
The mechanisms through which dietary restriction enhances health and longevity in diverse species are unclear. The transsulfuration pathway (TSP) is a highly conserved mechanism for metabolizing the sulfur-containing amino acids, methionine and cysteine. Here we show that Drosophila cystathionine β-synthase (dCBS), which catalyzes the rate-determining step in the TSP, is ...
Mesmin Bruno B Department of Biochemistry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, - - 2011
Nonvesicular transport of cholesterol plays an essential role in the distribution and regulation of cholesterol within cells, but it has been difficult to identify the key intracellular cholesterol transporters. The steroidogenic acute regulatory-related lipid-transfer (START) family of proteins is involved in several pathways of nonvesicular trafficking of sterols. Among them, ...
Reverter Meritxell - - 2011
Cholesterol regulates plasma membrane association and functioning of syntaxin-4 and SNAP23 in the secretory pathway. However, the molecular mechanism and cellular cholesterol pools that determine the localization and assembly of these t-SNAREs are largely unknown. We recently demonstrated that high levels of Annexin A6 (AnxA6) induce accumulation of cholesterol in ...
Bosch Marta M Equip de Proliferació i Senyalització Cel·lular, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, 08036 Barcelona, - - 2011
Caveolin (CAV) is an essential component of caveolae, cholesterol-enriched invaginations of the plasma membrane of most mammalian cells. However, CAV is not restricted to plasma membrane caveolae, and pools of CAV are present in myriad intracellular membranes. CAV proteins tightly bind cholesterol and contribute to regulation of cholesterol fluxes and ...
Xie Chang - - 2011
Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 (NPC1L1) is a multi-transmembrane protein that mediates the absorption of dietary and biliary cholesterol through vesicular endocytosis. The subcellular localization of NPC1L1 is regulated by cholesterol. Cholesterol depletion induces the transport of NPC1L1 to plasma membrane (PM) from endocytic recycling compartment that requires MyoVb·Rab11a·Rab11-FIP2 triple complex, and ...
Reboul Emmanuelle - - 2011
Our understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible for fat-soluble vitamin uptake and transport at the intestinal level has advanced considerably over the past decade. On one hand, it has long been considered that vitamin D and E as well as β-carotene (the main provitamin A carotenoid in human diet) were ...
Lucanic Mark M Buck Institute for Research on Aging, 8001 Redwood Boulevard, Novato, California 94945, - - 2011
Dietary restriction is a robust means of extending adult lifespan and postponing age-related disease in many species, including yeast, nematode worms, flies and rodents. Studies of the genetic requirements for lifespan extension by dietary restriction in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans have implicated a number of key molecules in this process, ...
Delgado-Coello Blanca - - 2011
Liver regeneration is a compensatory hyperplasia produced by several stimuli that promotes proliferation in order to provide recovery of the liver mass and architecture. This process involves complex signalling cascades that receive feedback from autocrine and paracrine pathways, recognized by parenchymal as well as non-parenchymal cells. Nowadays the dynamic role ...
Rodríguez-García Cristina - - 2011
There is a well-established association of vitiligo with autoimmune conditions, and circulating autoantibodies to melanocytes have been demonstrated in the serum of patients with vitiligo. We present a case of repigmentation of vitiligo lesions in a girl with celiac disease after initiating a gluten-free diet, which to our knowledge has ...
Sangeetha A V - - 2011
Sugarcane bagasse, a dietary fiber-rich by-product of the sugar industry (70-75%) and having negligible protein and fat content, was treated with acid, alkali and steaming to reduce the microbial load. Steaming was effective in making the bagasse microbiologically safe. The processed bagasse (5-15%) was used in the rheological studies and ...
Maslowski Kendle M - - 2011
The fields of immunology, microbiology, nutrition and metabolism are rapidly converging. Here we expand on a diet-microbiota model as the basis for the greater incidence of asthma and autoimmunity in developed countries.
Gustavsson J - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of trace element supplementation on operation of wheat stillage-fed biogas tank reactors. The stillage used was a residue from bio-ethanol production, containing high levels of sulfate. In biogas production, high sulfate content has been associated with poor process stability in ...
Ahotupa Markku - - 2010
Serum lipoproteins, the carriers of cholesterol and other lipophilic substances in blood, are known to contain variable amounts of lipid peroxides. We investigated the transport of food-derived and endogenously formed lipid peroxides by serum lipoproteins under physiological conditions. Five independent trials were conducted in which different groups of healthy volunteers ...
Kjolby Mads - - 2010
Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed strong association of hypercholesterolemia and myocardial infarction with SNPs on human chromosome 1p13.3. This locus covers three genes: SORT1, CELSR2, and PSRC1. We demonstrate that sortilin, encoded by SORT1, is an intracellular sorting receptor for apolipoprotein (apo) B100. It interacts with apoB100 in ...
Beigneux Anne P - - 2010
GPIHBP1 is a new addition to a group of proteins required for the lipolysis of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. GPIHBP1 contains an acidic domain and an Ly6 domain with ten cysteines. GPIHBP1 binds lipoprotein lipase (LPL) avidly and likely tethers LPL to the luminal surface of capillaries.Inactivation of Gpihbp1 in mice is ...
Kim Jihoe - - 2010
Patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) often exhibit altered serum lipid and lipoprotein profile during the oliguric phase of the disease. Serum lipid and lipoprotein profiles were assessed during the oliguric and recovery phases in six male patients with HFRS. In the oliguric phase of HFRS, the apolipoprotein ...
Kratz Mario - - 2010
The impact of low-fat diets on the plasma lipoprotein profile is incompletely understood. We conducted two 16-week dietary studies to compare the effects of a moderate-fat (mod-FAT) baseline diet with isocaloric and ad libitum low-fat diets rich in either carbohydrates (high-CHO, n = 16) or protein (high-PRO, n = 19) ...
Park Ki-Hoon - - 2010
To compare the change in lipoprotein metabolism with aging, we analyzed the lipid and protein compositions of individual lipoprotein fractions. Healthy and nonobese elderly participants (elderly group, n = 26) had a serum lipid profile within the normal range, although slightly higher than in young participants (control group, n = ...
Huang Ling - - 2010
In this study, we investigated the effect of fucoidan polysaccharide sulfuric acid ester (FPS) from Laminaria japonica Aresch (Laminariaceae) on hyperlipidemic rats. FPS notably reduced the concentration of serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of hyperlipidemic rats and increased the concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ...
Speeckaert Marijn M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D binding protein (DBP) acts as a vitamin D carrier and an actin scavenger. We have previously reported a correlation between serum DBP and lipid parameters in a cystic fibrosis population. In the present study, the relationship between serum DBP, lipoprotein fractions and vitamin D is investigated. METHODS: ...
Havel Richard J - - 2010
This memoir provides a history of the triglyceride-rich lipoproteins of blood plasma over the last half-century. As precursors of low-density lipoproteins and in their own right, triglyceride-rich lipoproteins are essential to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques and to consequent ischemic vascular disease. The author recounts research at the National Heart ...
Kumpula Linda S - - 2010
Plasma lipid concentrations cannot properly account for the complex interactions prevailing in lipoprotein (patho)physiology. Sequential ultracentrifugation (UCF) is the gold standard for physical lipoprotein isolations allowing for subsequent analyses of the molecular composition of the particles. Due to labor and cost issues, however, the UCF-based isolations are usually done only ...
Musunuru Kiran K Center for Human Genetic Research, Cardiology Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2009
Whereas epidemiological studies show that levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) predict incident cardiovascular disease (CVD), there is limited evidence relating lipoprotein subfractions and composite measures of subfractions to risk for CVD in prospective cohort studies. We tested whether combinations of lipoprotein subfractions independently predict ...
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