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Merkiel Sylwia - - 2014
The studies on dietary intake in Polish children are sparse and the information about dietary intake in 6-year-olds in Europe is limited. The published studies on dietary intake in children rarely provide information on the intake of animal protein, plant protein and water. The purpose of the study was to ...
Wiens Kristin K Department of Physical Education and Recreation Studies, Mount Royal University, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
To evaluate dietary supplement use in young, Canadian athletes, their motivation for consuming supplements, and their sources of information. A questionnaire tested for content validity and reliability was administered to 567 athletes between the ages of 11 and 25 years from the Canadian athletic community in face-to-face meetings. Demographics and ...
Al-Daghri Nasser M - - 2014
The recently discovered myokine irisin has been implicated in several observational studies as a potential therapeutic target for obesity-related diseases. However, no information is available as to the heritability of this hormone. This study aims to fill this gap. A total of 120 families (N = 254; 121 adults and ...
Lu Mengxiao M Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Boston University School of Medicine, W321, 700 Albany Street, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2013
Low-density lipoproteins (LDLs, also known as 'bad cholesterol') are the major carriers of circulating cholesterol and the main causative risk factor of atherosclerosis. Plasma LDLs are 20- to 25-nm nanoparticles containing a core of cholesterol esters surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer and a single copy of apolipoprotein B (550 kDa). ...
Brotherton Carol S CS About the authors: Carol S. Brotherton, PhD, MSN, RN, is Doctoral Candidate, Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville. Ann Gill Taylor, EdD, MS, RN, FAAN, is Center Director, Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies, University of Virginia, - - 2013
The experiences of individuals with Crohn disease before and after receiving dietary fiber information have not been described in the literature. This article offers findings from a study that used four semistructured audiorecorded interviews during a 4-week time period for the purpose of exploring the experiences of 11 individuals before ...
Haddock C Keith - - 2013
The present multi-centre randomised weight-loss trial evaluated the efficacy of a low-intensity 12-week online behavioural modification programme, with or without a fortified diet beverage using a 2 × 2 factorial design. A total of 572 participants were randomised to: (1) an online basic lifestyle information (OBLI) intervention, consisting of one online informational ...
Hirasawa Reiko - - 2013
Abstract The Internet is used by many consumers interested in healthy living. The aim of the present study was to explore the variations among Internet information concerning a healthy diet and to evaluate the potential for misleading information. To conduct a descriptive analysis, the search term "healthy diet" was entered ...
Meier-Dinkel L - - 2013
This study investigated the impact of two information conditions and two androstenone concentrations on the acceptability of fermented sausages made from boar meat. Two batches of salamis were produced by mixing bellies and lean meat resulting in average androstenone levels of 0.408μg/g vs. 1.585μg/g melted fat, respectively. Skatole levels were ...
Franco-Trecu Valentina - - 2013
There are not "universal methods" to determine diet composition of predators. Most traditional methods are biased because of their reliance on differential digestibility and the recovery of hard items. By relying on assimilated food, stable isotope and Bayesian mixing models (SIMMs) resolve many biases of traditional methods. SIMMs can incorporate ...
Kjertakov Metodija - - 2013
Objectives: To determine the prevalence and type of dietary supplement used, reasons for use, and sources of supplement information among Macedonian elite Soldiers. Methods: Anonymous self-reported questionnaires containing questions about demographic characteristics and dietary supplementation practices were distributed to 134 Soldiers, of whom 80 were recruited from the Ranger Battalion ...
Dziewulska Anna - - 2012
Abstract Protein kinase C (PKC) activation induced by diacylglycerols (DAGs) is one of the sequels of the dysregulation of intramuscular lipid metabolism and is thought to play an important role in the development of insulin resistance (IR). We tested the hypothesis that DAGs with different acyl chains have different biological ...
Alwarawrah Mohammad - - 2012
Diacylglycerols (DAGs) are important second messengers in biomembranes, and they can activate protein kinase C and many other enzymes and receptors. However, their interactions with cholesterol and other lipids have not been previously studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. In this study, nine independent atomistic MD simulations were performed to ...
Gerasimidis Konstantinos - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Nutritional therapy is the primary treatment for active pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) in the UK/Europe, improving disease activity and anthropometry. This study assessed changes in micronutrient status during exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN). METHODS: Seventeen children (male/female: 8/9; median age: 12.7 years) with active CD were treated exclusively for 6-8 ...
Huang Yi-Chen - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the direct relationship of B vitamins to mortality in the elderly. All-cause mortality by vitamin B status, using dietary (B-1, B-2, niacin, B-6) or biochemical data (erythrocyte transketolase reductase, erythrocyte glutathione reductase, plasma pyridoxal-phosphate, folate and serum B-12) was evaluated. METHODS: The Taiwanese ...
Ben Amara Ibtissem - - 2011
Pesticide hazards have been accentuated by the sharp rise in their agricultural, industrial and domestic use. Acute exposure to pesticides can cause oxidative damage. Our study investigated the potential ability of selenium (Se) and/or vitamin E, used as nutritional supplements, to alleviate erythrocyte oxidative damage induced by dimethoate (DM), an ...
Andersen A D - - 2011
Dietary n-3PUFA and gut bacteria, particularly Bacteroidetes, have been suggested to be related to adiposity. We investigated if n-3PUFA affected fat storage and cecal bacteria in piglets. Twenty-four 4-day-old piglets were allocated to formula rich in n-3PUFA (∼3E%) from fish oil (FO) or n-6PUFA from sunflower oil (SO) for 14 ...
Saha Siddhartha S - - 2011
AIM OF STUDY: The purpose of the study was to evaluate hypolipidemic and hypocholesterolemic activities of conjugated linolenic acid (CLnA) isomers, present in bitter gourd and snake gourd seed, in terms of amelioration of plasma lipid profile, lipoprotein oxidation and erythrocyte membrane fluidity after oral administration. METHODS: Male albino rats ...
Zhang Bo - - 2011
To investigate the relationships between erythrocyte membrane n-6:n-3 PUFAs ratio and blood lipids and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). The observational study consisted of a population-based cross-sectional study of 456 Chinese and a subsequent 1-year follow-up study of 171 subjects with the fasting plasma total cholesterol of 5.13-8.00 mmol/L. In ...
Stonehouse Welma - - 2011
Salmon provides long-chain (LC) n-3 PUFA and Se, which are well recognised for their health benefits. The n-3 and Se status of the New Zealand population is marginal. The objective of the present study was to compare the effects of consuming salmon v. supplementation with salmon oil on LC n-3 ...
Al-Matubsi Hisham Y - - 2011
The current study investigated the effect of natural diosgenin extracted from fenugreek seeds, in comparison with the pure standard diosgenin, plus chromium chloride (CrCl3) supplementation on high-cholesterol fed Japanese quails. Quails were randomly divided into four groups. Group one (n = 25) fed experimental diet only (control; contained basal diet ...
Zduńczyk Z - - 2010
The aim of this experiment was to investigate the physiological and growth response of young turkeys (up to 8 weeks of age) to dietary replacement of soybean meal (SBM) by soy protein concentrate (PC) or protein isolate (PI). This replacement resulted in a differentiated dietary concentration of α-galactosides of over ...
Pal Sebely - - 2011
Optimum levels and types of dietary fibre that provide the greatest beneficial effects on metabolic syndrome risk factors in overweight and obese individuals have yet to be determined in clinical trials. The present parallel design study compared the effects of fibre intake from a healthy diet v. a fibre supplement ...
Weber Thabata Koester - - 2010
There is concern regarding the possible negative effects of ingestion of dietary fibre on growth and intestinal Fe absorption in infants. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of a fibre mixture on the growth and the intestinal absorption of Fe in rats with Fe-deficiency anaemia ...
Zebeli Qendrim - - 2010
This study modelled multiple physiological responses of dairy cows to physical and chemical characteristics of a diet aiming to optimise their requirements for physically effective neutral detergent fibre, expressed inclusive of particles-dry matter > 8 mm (peNDF > 8). Extensive research data, comprising a wide range of feeding conditions (n ...
Freitas Renata N RN DENCS, School of Nutrition and NUPEB, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Brazil. - - 2010
The objective of the present study was to investigate the influence of the single nucleotide polymorphism (rs17238540) at the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase gene (HMGCR) on the relationship between serum lipids and dietary fat and fibre (NSP). FFQ and pyrosequencing were used to assess cross-sectional dietary intake and HMGCR genotype in ...
Sleeth Michelle L - - 2010
The way in which the composition of the diet may affect appetite, food intake and body weight is now receiving considerable attention in a bid to halt the global year-on-year rise in obesity prevalence. Epidemiological evidence suggests that populations who follow a fibre-rich, traditional diet are likely to have a ...
Andersson K E - - 2010
The cholesterol-lowering properties of oats, largely ascribed to its contents of soluble fibers, beta-glucans, are well established, whereas effects on atherogenesis are less well elucidated. Oats also contains components with reported antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects that may affect atherogenesis. In this work we examined effects of oat bran on plasma ...
Babio N - - 2010
There have been several studies on the effects of dietary fibre on the metabolism. Epidemiologic studies have consistently reported an inverse relationship between dietary fibre and type 2 diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular mortality. This review focuses on observational and experimental studies that examine the effect of different types and sources ...
Davidson Eric P EP Veteran Affairs Medical Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52246, - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of diet-induced obesity (DIO) on microvascular and neural function. Rats were fed a standard or high fat diet for up to 32 weeks. The following measurements were carried out: vasodilation in epineurial arterioles using videomicroscopy, endoneurial blood flow using hydrogen ...
Verbrugghe Adronie - - 2010
N balance and postprandial acylcarnitine profile following intestinal fermentation of oligofructose and inulin were investigated in healthy cats. Two diets were tested in a crossover design: a commercial high-protein cat food supplemented with 4 % DM oligofructose and inulin (spectrum: degree of polymerisation (DP) 2-10: 60 (SE 5) % DM; ...
Taube Venja Alexandra - - 2010
Urolithiasis due to struvite concrements occurs in fattening cattle, but only in 1-5% of a herd, in spite of identical nutrient supply. Developing dietetic measures for these cattle was the primary aim of this study. The feeding experiments were focused on the general effects of varying the crude fibre supply ...
Pastuszewska Barbara - - 2010
Nutritional value of diets containing 10% potato fibre or cellulose (diets MPF and MC, respectively) and their long-term effects on parameters related to potential health benefits were studied in rats. In a first experiment nutrient digestibility and metabolisable energy of the diets were determined. In a second experiment, each diet ...
Benus Robin F J - - 2010
The intestinal microbiota are a complex ecosystem influencing the immunoregulation of the human host, providing protection from colonising pathogens and producing SCFA as the main energy source of colonocytes. Our objective was to investigate the effect of dietary fibre exclusion and supplementation on the intestinal microbiota and SCFA concentrations. Faecal ...
Kynde Iben - - 2010
To examine the dietary intake of total sugar, added sugar, non-added sugar and starch as well as dietary fibre and glycaemic index (GI) and their respective associations with insulin resistance. Mixed linear models were used to study both cross-sectional and prospective associations between carbohydrate components and insulin resistance separately in ...
Viuda-Martos M - - 2010
The objective of this work was to study the effect of adding orange dietary fibre (1%), rosemary essential oil (0.02%) or thyme essential oil (0.02%) and the storage conditions on the quality characteristics and the shelf-life of mortadella, a bologna-type sausage. The moisture, fat, ash content and colour coordinates lightness ...
de Simas Karina N - - 2010
The objective of this research was to evaluate the chemical composition, microstructure, and antioxidant capacity of king palm flour obtained from residues from organic king palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae) processing. King palm flour exhibited high levels of dietary fibre (70.85%) and total ash (3.27%); low contents of protein (3.51%) and lipid ...
Hodgson J M - - 2010
Lupin kernel flour (LKF) is a novel food ingredient that is high in protein and fibre. We have previously shown that partial substitution of refined wheat-derived carbohydrate in bread with protein and fibre from LKF can reduce appetite and energy intake acutely. In addition, several studies have suggested that lupin ...
Alberghina D - - 2010
Concentrations of tryptophan (TRP) and serotonin (5-HT) in plasma were measured in 36 moderately trained Dutch warmblood horses after eight weeks on a high fibre (n=18) or high starch (n=18) diet. Samples were taken three hours after feeding, when the horse was at rest, either at 11.00 or 14.00 hours. ...
Parnell Jill A JA Department of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, Canada T2N - - 2010
Prebiotic fibres have been proposed to promote weight loss and lower serum cholesterol; however, the mechanisms are not fully understood. The aim of the present research was to identify possible mechanisms through which prebiotic fibres improve serum lipids. Lean and obese JCR:La-cp rats aged 8 weeks consumed one of three ...
L?pez-Oliva Mar?a Elvira - - 2010
Grape antioxidant dietary fibre (GADF) is a grape product rich in dietary fibre and natural antioxidants. We showed previously that the GADF intake induced an epithelial hypoplasia in the rat colonic mucosa. In the present study, we propose that the antioxidant effect of GADF could modulate mucosal apoptosis via modulation ...
Beck Eleanor J - - 2010
Epidemiological evidence shows an inverse relationship between dietary fibre intake and body weight gain. Oat beta-glucan, a soluble fibre alters appetite hormones and subjective satiety in acute meal test studies, but its effects have not been demonstrated with chronic consumption. The present study aimed to test the effects in women ...
Molist Gasa Francesc - - 2010
The influence of fibre inclusion and transit time regulation on the performance, health status, microbial activity and population, physico-chemical characteristics of the hindgut digesta and intestinal morphology in early weaned pigs were examined. For these experiments, wheat bran (WB) was used as fibre source and loperamide as a drug (LOP) ...
Clauss M - - 2009
A five year-old bull moose (Alces alces) was culled due to chronic hoof overgrowth that required frequent intervention. Radiographic examination revealed changes in phalangeal bone structure usually considered indicative for laminitis in domestic cattle; similar changes were absent in the hooves of a free-ranging moose of similar age. The captive ...
Fleeman L M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of high-fibre, moderate-carbohydrate diets with two levels of dietary fat, compared with a commercial diet with moderate-fibre, low-carbohydrate and higher fat, on insulin requirement, glycaemic control and lipid profile of dogs with stabilised diabetes. METHODS: Twelve dogs with spontaneous diabetes mellitus were studied. Glycaemic control ...
Le Gall Maud - - 2009
The effect of wheat and rye breads made from white wheat flour with added refined fibre (WFL), whole-wheat grain, wheat aleurone flour (WAF) or rye aleurone flour (RAF) on digestion and fermentation processes in the gut was studied in a model experiment with pigs. The diets were similar in dietary ...
Sarıçoban Cemalettin - - 2009
A three-factor Box-Behnken design was adopted for studying the simultaneous effects of processing variables such as fat (10-30%), wheat bran (5-15%) and NaCl (0-2%) on physicochemical, textural and sensory properties of cooked beef patties. In addition, the ridge analysis was conducted to find the values of processing variables that maximise ...
Zhao Zhaohui - - 2009
Epidemiological studies have suggested that intake of whole grains is inversely associated with coronary artery disease. The mechanisms, however, are not completely clear. We tested the hypothesis that intake of wheat bran or corn bran would (1) increase the plasma concentration of phenolic antioxidants and (2) reduce atherosclerosis in apo ...
Ntalla Ioanna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin, an adipose-derived hormone with central and peripheral actions, is involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis. Interactions between genetic and environmental factors have been associated with decrease in circulating adiponectin leading to obesity. AIM: We investigated whether variants of the ADIPOQ gene encoding adiponectin interact with diet to ...
Sievenpiper J L - - 2009
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Dietary non-oil-seed pulses (chickpeas, beans, peas, lentils, etc.) are a good source of slowly digestible carbohydrate, fibre and vegetable protein and a valuable means of lowering the glycaemic-index (GI) of the diet. To assess the evidence that dietary pulses may benefit glycaemic control, we conducted a systematic review and ...
Aoudia N - - 2009
A study was carried out to determine the ability of dietary micronized wheat fibres (MWF) to decrease the levels of ochratoxin A (OTA) in plasma, kidney and liver of piglets fed a naturally contaminated diet. A total of 96 piglets (weighting 11.4+/-1.5 kg) were fed one of four different diets ...
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