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Garcia M M Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objective was to evaluate the effect of feeding increasing amounts of essential fatty acids (FA) in milk replacer (MR) during the first 60 d of life on growth, health, and immunity of Holstein calves. Calves were born from dams fed low concentrations of total and essential FA during the ...
Geiger A J AJ Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State - - 2014
Forty-four Holstein calves were fed a direct-fed microbial (DFM) and 1 of 2 milk replacers to evaluate calf performance and growth. Treatments were (1) a control milk replacer [22:20; 22% crude protein (CP) and 20% fat], (2) an accelerated milk replacer (27:10; 27% CP and 10% fat), (3) the control ...
Cuffe Kendra - - 2014
In 2008, clinicians performing routine medical examinations in the United States reported high rates of hematologic and neurologic disorders caused by vitamin B12 deficiency in resettled Bhutanese refugees. To confirm this finding, CDC screened Bhutanese refugees' serum samples for vitamin B12 levels and found vitamin B12 deficiency in 64% (n ...
Kleiner Alison C AC Department of Nutrition Sciences, Purdue University, Stone Hall, 700 W. State St., West Lafayette, IN, - - 2014
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are associated with health benefits throughout life and are obtained primarily through fish and fish oil supplements. Due to the growing popularity of dietary supplements, forty-seven commercial fish, krill, and algal oil supplements were analyzed for EPA, DHA, and other fatty acids. For ...
Kumar Arun A Department of Biochemistry, International Medical School, Management and Science University, Shah Alam Campus, Selangor, - - 2014
To address the association of dietary vitamins, anthropometric profile, lipid profile, antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in hypertensive participant compared with normotensive healthy controls. Dietary intake of vitamins was assessed by 131 food frequency questionnaire items in both hypertensive participants and normotensive age-sex matched healthy controls. The associated changes in ...
Sweazea K L KL School of Nutrition and Health Promotion & School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, - - 2014
In this issue of Acta Physiologica Heinonen et al. present new research showing the etiology of a Western diet on the development of metabolic syndrome in mice. Modern Western diets high in saturated fat, dairy and refined carbohydrates are strongly implicated in the increasing prevalence of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. ...
Webb Densie D Health and Nutrition Communications, Austin, Texas, - - 2014
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommend three daily servings of low- or nonfat dairy products, yet two-thirds of individuals in the United States do not meet that goal. Including low- or nonfat yogurt as part of an overall healthful diet can be a positive step toward meeting the DGA ...
Piuzzi Nicolás S NS Hip Surgery Unit "Sir John Charnley", Institute of Orthopaedics "Carlos E. Ottolenghi", Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, Peron 4190, 1181 Buenos Aires, - - 2014
The incidence of clinical fat embolism syndrome (FES) is low (<1%) whilst fat embolism (FE) of marrow fat appears to occur more often (Mellor and Soni (2001)). Paradoxical brain FE may occur in patients undergoing hip orthopedic surgery who have an undocumented patent foramen ovale (PFO). We report a case ...
Sarapatkova H - - 2014
Aim of the study was to compare levels of blood lipids, anthropometric characteristics and their relationship in women with PCOS with a group of healthy women. We determined anthropometric indicators (BMI - body mass index, waist measurement, waist/hip ratio), blood lipid levels (total cholesterol TCH, high density cholesterol HDL, low ...
Setchell Kenneth D R KD Divisions of Clinical Mass Spectrometry, Department of - - 2013
S-(-)equol, an intestinally derived metabolite of the soy isoflavone daidzein, is proposed to enhance the efficacy of soy diets. Adults differ in their ability to produce equol when consuming soy foods for reasons that remain unclear. Therefore, we performed a comprehensive dietary analysis of 143 macro- and micronutrients in 159 ...
Tang Li L Department of Cancer Prevention and Control, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY - - 2013
Dietary isothiocyanates are a group of promising chemopreventive agents obtained primarily from cruciferous vegetables. Due to their potent chemopreventive and/or anti-cancer activities, there is a growing interest in assessing dietary isothiocyanate exposure and its impact on human health. Using the HPLC-based cyclocondensation assay, the current study measured total isothiocyanate yield ...
Wong Nathan D - - 2013
Despite available medications for dyslipidemia, many treated patients still have suboptimal lipid levels. The aim of this study was to examine the extent of residual dyslipidemia in United States adults. Of 2509 United States adults aged ≥18 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010, 1,129 (41.8% ...
Li Yanjun Y Laboratory of Biological Modeling, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2013
Due to their role in cellular energetics and metabolism, skeletal muscle mitochondria appear to play a key role in the development of insulin resistance and type II diabetes. High-fat diet can induce higher levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), evidenced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) emission from mitochondria, which may be ...
Yang Meng - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of 100% orange juice (OJ) on the healthy diet and micronutrient intakes of the United States population. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 13,971 people in the United States aged ≥ 4 years using 2 24-hour diet recalls from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2006. ...
Kong C - - 2012
An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of graded levels of β-glucanase supplementation to barley (Hordeum vulgare)-based diets on the digestibility of DM, GE, N, and AA for growing-finishing pigs. Eight pigs (initial BW: 53.3 ± 3.2 kg) were each fitted with a simple T-cannula at the distal ileum ...
Guggenbuhl P - - 2012
The addition of phytase to swine diets has generally increased P digestibility and consequently reduced fecal excretion of P. The comparative effects on P and Ca digestibility of dietary inclusion of 5 different phytases were evaluated in the weaned piglet. RONOZYME HiPhos is a microbial 6-phytase produced by synthetic genes, ...
Blank R - - 2012
Two studies, arranged according to a 4 × 4 Latin square design, were conducted to assess effects of dietary acidification on fungal 3-phytase (PHY) efficacy in growing pigs. In Exp. 1, effects of supplementing 500 units/kg feed of PHY and 4.7 g/kg HCOOH either alone or in combination on the ...
Eklund M - - 2012
The present study with piglets was conducted to estimate standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of AA in European Union soybean (Glycine max) meal (SBM) imports sourced from Argentina, Brazil, and the United States. Twelve piglets with an average initial BW of 9 kg (47 d of age) were fitted with a ...
Bikker P - - 2012
Complexation of dietary phytate with cations is a major cause of reduced bioavailability of Zn and possibly Cu in pig diets. We conducted 2 studies with 2 treatments in young growing pigs (8 to 40 kg) to estimate potential contributions of phytase to availability and supply of Zn and Cu, ...
Welch C M - - 2012
Energy expenditure is a physiological process that may be closely associated with residual feed intake (RFI). The maintenance energy (ME(M)) EPD was developed by the Red Angus Association of America (RAAA) and is used as an indicator of energy expenditure. The objectives of this study were to evaluate and quantify ...
Kala Al Amrutha - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The nature of the container material and temperature employed for deep-frying can have an influence on the development of trans fatty acids (TFAs) in the fat used. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of heating vegetable oils and partially hydrogenated vegetable fats with different initial TFA ...
Zugno Alexandra I - - 2012
Olanzapine, an atypical antipsychotic drug with affinities for dopamine, serotonin, and histamine binding sites appears to be associated with substantial weight gain and metabolic alterations. The aim of this study was to evaluate weight gain and metabolic alterations in rats treated with olanzapine on a hypercaloric diet. We used 40 ...
Befort Christie A - - 2012
Purpose: Rural residents have higher rates of chronic diseases compared to their urban counterparts, and obesity may be a major contributor to this disparity. This study is the first analysis of obesity prevalence in rural and urban adults using body mass index classification with measured height and weight. In addition, ...
Lavoie B B Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Vermont School of Medicine, Burlington, VT 05405, - - 2012
BACKGROUND; Decreased gallbladder smooth muscle (GBSM) contractility is a hallmark of cholesterol gallstone disease, but the interrelationship between lithogenicity, biliary stasis, and inflammation are poorly understood. We studied a mouse model of gallstone disease to evaluate the development of GBSM dysfunction relative to changes in bile composition and the onset ...
Jauffrais Thierry - - 2012
Azadinium spinosum (Elbrächter and Tillmann), a small marine dinoflagellate, has been recently described as a de novo producer of azaspiracid-1 and -2 (AZA1 and -2) diarrhoeic toxins. A culture of A. spinosum was established in our laboratory and optimised for pilot-scale production of this organism, to evaluate and understand AZA1 ...
Notter D R - - 2012
Over 3 yr, postweaning growth patterns and changes in ultrasonic measurements of fat depth and LM area were assessed for 1,049 crossbred ewe and wether lambs produced by mating adult Rambouillet ewes to 1 of 22 Columbia, 22 USMARC-Composite (Composite), 21 Suffolk, or 17 Texel rams and raised to weaning ...
Suarez Cristina - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Despite recent findings reported on the nutritional factors that induce epigenetic changes, little information is available at early ages. This study analyzed in an experimental model, over two generations, potential changes in body composition and potential expression of epigenetic changes as the result of the intake of ...
Li Ruimin - - 2012
A novel colorimetric method for detection of cholesterol was developed with hemin-G-quadruplex DNAzyme by transducing oxidation of cholesterol into the color change of 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS(2-)). Oligonucleotide 5'-GTGGGTAGGGCGGGTTGG-3' (Oligo-1) formed G-quadruplex structure in the presence of K(+), it acted as a horseradish peroxidase (HRP) mimicking DNAzyme when binding ...
Lubura Marko - - 2012
Obesity and its distribution pattern are important factors for the prediction of the onset of diabetes in humans. Since several mouse models are suitable to study the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes the aim was to validate a novel computed tomograph model (Aloka-Hitachi LCT-200) for the quantification of visceral, subcutaneous, ...
Lim Unhee - - 2012
Characterization of abdominal and intra-abdominal fat requires imaging, and thus is not feasible in large epidemiologic studies. We investigated whether biomarkers may complement anthropometry (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference [WC], and waist-hip ratio [WHR]) in predicting the size of the body fat compartments by analyzing blood biomarkers, including adipocytokines, ...
Yagyu Hiroaki H Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan. - - 2012
To address the effects of ezetimibe on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism, the HDL subclasses, cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP), and lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) were measured in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Twenty-three hypercholesterolemic patients with T2DM were treated with 10 mg of ezetimibe daily for 12 weeks. Plasma ...
Bielohuby Maximilian - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) effectively reduces body weight (BW) in obese rats and humans. However, post-surgical weight regain is frequently observed in subjects after VSG, but the underlying reasons remain poorly understood. We therefore investigated if post-surgical consumption of different diets can affect the outcome of VSG. METHODS: VSG ...
Renkawitz M D - - 2011
Dietary analyses of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar post-smolt stomachs collected from 2001 to 2005 in Penobscot Bay, Maine, U.S.A., have yielded insights into the feeding ecology of early marine phase post-smolts from different rearing origins. Most stomachs contained only one or two prey types, suggesting active prey selection. Post-smolts that ...
Yinnesu Asmamaw - - 2011
The replacement value of dried Erythrina brucei leaf for cotton seed meal (CSM) on growth performance and carcass characteristics was evaluated. Twenty-five yearling buck goats (15.8 ± 1.4 kg) were assigned into five treatments in a randomized complete block design: natural grass hay alone (T1) or supplemented with 100% CSM (T2), 67% CSM + 33% ...
de Andrade-Neto Valter Viana - - 2011
Leishmania parasites, despite being able to synthesize their own sterols, acquire and accumulate significant amounts of cholesterol through low density lipoprotein (LDL) particle endocytosis. The role of this system in Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes under pharmacological pressure by sterol biosynthesis inhibitors (SBIs) was investigated. First, thin layer chromatography demonstrated that L. ...
Sebert Sylvain - - 2011
Adult health is dependent, in part, on maternal nutrition and growth during early life, which may independently affect insulin sensitivity, body composition, and overall energy homeostasis. Since the publication of the "thrifty phenotype hypothesis" by Hales and Barker (Diabetologia 1992;35:595-601), animal experiments have focused on establishing the mechanisms involved, which ...
Mallidis Con - - 2011
The synergistic effect of the co-morbidities that comprise metabolic syndrome is increasingly being recognised as an important contributor in the pathology of a broad spectrum of seemingly disparate conditions. In terms of male reproductive function however, beyond erectile dysfunction, little is known of the influence of this cohort (collectively or ...
Chen Shao Hua - - 2011
  The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in subjects who underwent a routine health checkup. We intended to establish a clinical association between NAFLD and MS as well as to compare the diagnostic criteria of MS ...
Caraballo Roberto Horacio - - 2011
We present an update of our experience with the ketogenic diet (KD) in patients with Dravet syndrome (DS) to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability and our short experience with vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in the treatment of this syndrome. Between March 1, 1990 and May 31, 2007, 59 patients who ...
Santos Juan C - - 2011
Complex phenotypes can be modeled as networks of component traits connected by genetic, developmental, or functional interactions. Aposematism, which has evolved multiple times in poison frogs (Dendrobatidae), links a warning signal to a chemical defense against predators. Other traits are involved in this complex phenotype. Most aposematic poison frogs are ...
Pérez-Martínez Pablo - - 2011
After decades of epidemiological, clinical and experimental research, it has become clear that consumption of Mediterranean dietary patterns rich in olive oil have a profound influence on health outcomes, including obesity, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes mellitus. Traditionally, many beneficial properties associated with this oil have been ascribed to its ...
Otsuki Michio - - 2011
Urine acidification is induced by metabolic acidosis which is associated with a high intake of protein-rich diet. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of urine acidification with visceral obesity and the metabolic syndrome. We recruited 1,051 male subjects who underwent health examinations at the Health Care ...
Plaisance Eric P - - 2011
In preclinical reports, restriction of dietary methionine intake was shown to enhance metabolic flexibility, improve lipid profiles, and reduce fat deposition. The present report is the outcome of a "proof of concept" study to evaluate the efficacy of dietary methionine restriction (MR) in humans with metabolic syndrome. Twenty-six obese subjects ...
Esmaillzadeh A - - 2011
Background/Objectives:In a comparison of women worldwide, Iranian women were found to have the highest prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, specific characteristics of diet in Middle-Eastern countries might provide additional information on the diet-disease relations. This study was performed to assess the association between dietary energy density and prevalence of ...
Pereira Miria G - - 2011
Reservosomes are lysosome-related organelles found in Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes. They represent the last step in epimastigote endocytic route, accumulating a set of proteins and enzymes related to protein digestion and lipid metabolism. The reservosome matrix contains planar membranes, vesicles and lipid inclusions. Some of the latter may assume rectangular or ...
Zulet M A - - 2011
The high prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in Spain requires additional efforts for prevention and treatment. The study RESMENA-S aims to improve clinical criteria and biomarkers associated with MS though an integral therapy approach. The study is a randomized prospective parallel design in which is expected to participate a total ...
Zhang Shi-Xiu - - 2011
Objective: The objective of this study was to test whether "Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents" have beneficial effects on anthropometric and metabolic variables, adipokines and inflammatory markers in metabolic syndrome patients. Methods and Procedures: A multi-stage sampling method was applied to select metabolic syndrome patients in two districts of Shanghai. ...
Riccio Paolo - - 2011
Multiple sclerosis is a complex and multifactorial neurological disease, and nutrition is one of the environmental factors possibly involved in its pathogenesis. At present, the role of nutrition is unclear, and MS therapy is not associated to a particular diet. MS clinical trials based on specific diets or dietary supplements ...
Sae-tan Sudathip S Department of Food Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, United - - 2011
Green tea (Camellia sinensis, Theaceace) is the second most popular beverage in the world and has been extensively studied for its putative disease preventive effects. Green tea is characterized by the presence of a high concentrations of polyphenolic compounds known as catechins, with (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) being the most abundant and ...
Park S E - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (FABP4) is abundantly expressed in adipocytes and plays a role in glucose homeostasis. We analysed the relationship between serum FABP4 levels and the progression of metabolic syndrome in healthy adults. METHODSAND RESULTS: A total of 465 subjects were selected from participants in a ...
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