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Results 401 - 450 of 1083
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Eid Hilde M A - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Impaired vasodilatation has been suggested to be caused by inhibition of nitric oxide generation by the recently described asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). In the present study we wanted to explore whether n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation and/or diet intervention have beneficial influence on endothelial function assessed as ...
Cole Greg M - - 2006
Genetic data argues that Alzheimer's disease (AD) can be initiated by aggregates of a 42 amino acid beta amyloid peptide (Abeta42). The Abeta aggregates, notably small oligomer species, cause a cascade of events including oxidative damage, inflammation, synaptic toxicity and accumulation of intraneuronal inclusions; notably neurofibrillary tangles. Cognitive deficits are ...
Rey A I - - 2006
The experiment was undertaken to provide information on the influence of grass intake in a high fat diet based on acorns, in either free-range or confinement, on the carcass yield and characteristics, and on the accumulation of fatty acids and tocopherols. Groups raised free-range or with acorns and grass in ...
Hilakivi-Clarke Leena - - 2005
Dietary exposures during childhood may influence later breast cancer risk. We tested in an animal model the hypothesis that prepubertal intake of (n-3) PUFAs, present mainly in fish, reduces susceptibility to breast cancer. Between postnatal days 5 to 25, rat pups were fed (n-3) PUFA-containing diets at a 2:1 ratio ...
Menoyo D - - 2005
The objective of this experiment was to test the effect of total or partial substitution of dietary fish oil (FO) by linseed oil (LO) in Atlantic salmon feeding on performance, liver and muscle fatty acid composition, selected lipogenic and lipolytic enzyme activities, and flesh oxidative stability. For 12 wk, fish ...
Wilke Michaelann S - - 2005
The specific effects of individual fatty acids (FA) on plasma cholesterol levels, in the range habitually consumed by humans, on plasma cholesterol levels is not usually presented by the literature. Conclusions have been made regarding the cholesterolemic effect of individual FA, even though these FA cannot be tested individually. It ...
Csallany A Saari - - 2005
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of high stearic acid (SA) diets versus high polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) diets on several measures of lipid peroxidation in vivo. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets that differed only in the fat source (8% by weight) for 19 weeks. High ...
Scislowski Valérie - - 2005
The susceptibility of major plasma lipoproteins to lipoperoxidation was studied in relation to the FA composition of their neutral and polar lipids in steers given PUFA-rich diets. Two trials used, respectively, 18 ("sunflower" experiment, S) or 24 ("linseed" experiment, L) crossbred Salers x Charolais steers. Each involved three dietary treatments ...
Heukamp I - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on carcinogenesis are discussed controversially. Thus, tumor growth seems to be influenced by type and composition of fat dietary; however, the pathomechanism is still unknown. Therefore, we investigated the impact of different PUFAs on liver metastasis and hepatic lipid peroxidation in a solid ...
Villeneuve Laure - - 2005
The effect of the nature and form of supply of dietary lipids on larval development was investigated in European sea bass larvae, by considering the expression of several genes involved in morphogenesis. Fish were fed from 7 to 37 d post-hatch with five isoproteic and isolipidic compound diets incorporating different ...
Zaniboni Luisa - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to characterize the dietary effects of n-3 LC-PUFA and alpha-tocopheryl acetate (vE) on the quality, phospholipid fatty acid composition, alpha-tocopherol content (alpha-T) and in vitro susceptibility to lipid peroxidation in turkey semen. Fertility of fresh semen was also evaluated. Male turkeys were randomly ...
Perez Mark A - - 2006
Shortened gestation is a major cause of infant mortality and morbidity. Evidence from both human and animal studies suggests that essential fatty acids of the n-6 and n-3 series play important and modifiable roles in gestational duration. We examined the influence of linolenic acid (LnA) vs. docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on ...
Ghafoorunissa - - 2005
This study was designed to determine the effect of substituting (n-3) long-chain PUFAs (LCPUFAs) for linoleic acid and hence decreasing the (n-6):(n-3) fatty acid ratio on sucrose-induced insulin resistance in rats. Weanling male Wistar rats were fed casein-based diets containing 100 g/kg fat for 12 wk. Insulin resistance was induced ...
Gregor J I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Type and composition of dietary fat intake is supposed to play an important role in carcinogenesis. Thus we investigated the effects of n-3, n-6 and n-9 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on oxidative stress (lipidperoxidation) and tumour growth in ductal pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Ninety male hamsters were randomized into 6 ...
Lin Mei-Huei - - 2005
This study was designed to investigate the response to a high-cholesterol, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) or n-6 PUFA diet in rats and hamsters. Animals were fed n-3 or n-6 PUFA with a cholesterol-free diet, or with a diet enriched with cholesterol (0.5%, w/w) for 2 weeks. In rats and ...
Ly Lan H - - 2006
We have demonstrated that downregulation of proliferation by CD4(+) T-cells in mice fed n-3 PUFA diets is dependent on the involvement of CD28. Therefore, we hypothesized that the balance of co-stimulatory and downregulatory properties of CD28 and CTLA-4, respectively, would be altered by diet. Mice were fed a control corn ...
Cleland Leslie G - - 2005
Flaxseed, echium, and canola oils contain alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3, ALA) in a range of concentrations. To examine their effect on elevating cardiac levels of long-chain n-3 FA, diets based on these n-3-containing vegetable oils were fed to rats for 4 wk. Sunflower oil, which contains little ALA, was a comparator. ...
Kang Min Jeong - - 2005
Raising the dietary PUFA:saturated fatty acids (SFA) ratio has been recommended for the prevention of CVD. However, a high PUFA:SFA (P:S) ratio diet enhances oxidative stress because PUFA are highly susceptible to lipid peroxidation. Thus, we focused on the role of the dietary P:S ratio and peroxidisability index (PI) value ...
Park Eek J - - 2006
This study was conducted to determine whether dietary ganglioside (GG) increases the content of ether phospholipids (EPL) in intestinal mucosa. Weanling Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a semipurified diet consisting of 20% fat as a control diet. Two experimental diets were formulated by adding either 0.1% (w/w fat) GGs (GG diet) ...
Lina B A R - - 2006
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are natural constituents found in human milk, fish oil or egg yolk. Until recently, infant formulas, though providing the essential fatty acid precursors for these PUFAs, did not contain preformed ARA or DHA. In this study the ...
Seguineau C - - 2005
The present study tested two techniques for dietary supplementation of Crassostrea gigas spat with PUFA, such as arachidonic acid (AA). The first technique consisted of a preliminary enrichment and growth of an algal concentrate (T-ISO, Isochrysis sp.) with AA dissolved in an ethanol solution, the whole culture then being fed ...
Scislowski V - - 2005
Two experiments were conducted using crossbred Salers x Charolais fattening steers fed diets enriched with no supplemental oilseeds or oils rich in either n-6 PUFA (from sunflower seeds) or n-3 PUFA (from linseeds) provided either as seeds incorporated in the diet (i.e., not protected from ruminal bacterial hydrogenation) or by ...
Komprda T - - 2005
Arachidonic acid (AA) content, long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) equivalent [LCE; calculated as 0.15 x linolenic acid (LA) + eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)], and PUFA n-6/PUFA n-3 ratio were determined in meat [breast meat (BM), thigh meat (TM), and fillets (F), respectively] within four sets of ...
André A - - 2005
The aging brain undergoes modifications in the lipid composition of cell membranes and especially in plasmalogens. These phospholipids represent between one-half and two-thirds of the ethanolamine phospholipids in the brain. They are known to facilitate membrane fusion and act as endogenous antioxidants. During normal aging and in some pathological conditions, ...
Heinemann Kimberly M - - 2005
Long-chain PUFAs (LCPUFAs) are essential for proper neural and retinal development in many mammalian species. We investigated puppies born to dogs fed diets containing varying amounts of vegetable and marine (n-3) fatty acids during gestation/lactation. The fatty acid compositions of dogs' milk and puppy plasma phospholipids were evaluated, and electroretinographic ...
Villaverde Cecilia - - 2005
Two experiments were performed to study the effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on abdominal fat pad weight and chemical composition of broilers. In Experiment 1, different fat sources were blended in different ratios keeping added fat level constant (9%). In Experiment 2, PUFA gradient was obtained by increasing ...
Fontani G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Diets and Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have been considered as important factors to reduce the risk of cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases, but there are few details on the effects on healthy subjects. The aim of the present study was to examine the variation of several physiological parameters in healthy ...
Geppert Julia - - 2005
Low red blood cell (RBC) membrane content of EPA + DHA (hereafter called omega-3 index) has recently been described as an indicator for increased risk of death from coronary heart disease. The relationship between plasma and RBC FA, focusing on omega-3 index, and the response to DHA supplementation were investigated ...
Ochoa Julio J - - 2005
Coenzyme Q(10) supplementation on age-related changes in oxidative stress and function of heart mitochondria in rats fed a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-rich diet was investigated. Two groups of rats were fed for 24 months on a PUFA-rich diet, differing in supplementation or not with coenzyme Q(10). Animals were killed at ...
Senkal Metin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The uptake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) into the liver, gut mucosa, and tumor tissue and plasma levels after preoperative administration of supplemented enteral nutrition was investigated in patients with malignancies of the upper gastrointestinal tract. The objective of the study was to evaluate the incorporation of preoperatively ...
Bou R - - 2005
A factorial design was used to study the effect of changes in broiler feed on the composition and consumer acceptability of chicken meat. One week before slaughter, 1.25% dietary fish oil was removed from the feed and replaced by other fat sources (animal fat or linseed oil) or we continued ...
Park Eek Joong - - 2005
PURPOSE: During early development, the ganglioside composition of the retina changes significantly, in that GD3 becomes the primary ganglioside in the mammalian retina. Because gangliosides play an important role in neuronal cell differentiation and proliferation, this change in ganglioside profile may indicate retinal maturation. Dietary long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPs) ...
Bell Michael V - - 2005
The distribution of D5-22:6n-3 following ingestion of a pulse of D5-18:3n-3 was measured quantitatively by GC-negative chemical ionization MS in lipid classes from liver, cecal mucosa, and brain from rainbow trout to further our understanding of the processes determining accretion and turnover of 22:6n-3 in fish. The accretion of D5-22:6n-3 ...
Moya-Falcón C - - 2005
Atlantic salmon were fed fish meal-based diets supplemented with either 100% fish oil (FO) or 100% rapeseed oil (RO) from an initial weight of 85 g to a final average weight of 280 g. The effects of these diets on the capacity of Atlantic salmon hepatocytes to elongate, desaturate, and ...
Day Jeremy J - - 2005
It has been suggested that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or other n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may prevent or ameliorate methyl mercury's neurotoxicity. To examine interactions between PUFAs and methyl mercury exposure, sixty-six female Long-Evans rats were exposed to methyl mercury continuously via drinking water from fifteen weeks of age. Water ...
Gillen Lynda J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A cardioprotective dietary fat profile is recommended for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The clinical feasibility of advice strategies targeting specific fatty acid intakes and the extent to which they can be achieved by free-living populations needs to be tested. Walnuts, with high n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ...
Watkins Bruce A - - 2006
Hypoestrogenic states escalate bone loss in animals and humans. This study evaluated the effects of the amount and ratio of dietary n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on bone mineral in 3-month-old sexually mature ovariectomized (OVX) Sprague-Dawley rats. For 12 weeks, the rats were fed either a high-PUFA (HP) ...
Bychek E A - - 2005
Daphnia magna is a common crustacean that is adapted to brief spells of fasting. Lipids are naturally a major component of their diet and are stored as energy reserves. However, there has been some controversy in the literature on the extent to which dietary lipids are used directly for complex ...
Kloareg Maela - - 2005
Predicting aspects of pork quality becomes increasingly important from both a nutritional and a technological point of view. Little information is, however, available concerning the quantitative relation between nutrient intake and fatty acid (FA) deposition at the whole-animal level. In this study, eight blocks of five littermate barrows were used ...
Gisbert E - - 2005
We evaluated the effects of dietary lipid class (phospholipid vs. neutral lipid) and level of n-3 long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA) on the growth, digestive enzymatic activity, and histological organization of the intestine and liver in European sea bass larvae. Fish were fed from the onset of exogenous feeding at 7 to ...
Devereux Graham - - 2005
It has been hypothesized that decreasing antioxidant (fruit and vegetables), increased n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA; (margarine, vegetable oil), and decreased n-3 PUFA (oily fish) intakes have contributed to the recent increases in asthma and atopic disease. Epidemiologic studies in adults and children have reported beneficial associations between dietary antioxidants ...
Morais Sofia - - 2005
Studies with teleost larvae have reported poor performance associated with quantitative lipid imbalances in the diet. The present study examined the effect of dietary protein:neutral lipid ratio on fatty acid (FA) absorption efficiency and metabolism in larval Senegalese sole. In addition, the effect of lipid class (triolein (TRI) and l-3-phosphatidylcholine-1,2-di-oleoyl ...
Park Eek Joong - - 2005
Membrane microdomains rich in cholesterol and sphingolipids, including gangliosides (GGs), are known to be important regions for cell signaling and binding sites for various pathogens. Cholesterol depletion inhibits the cellular entry of pathogens and also reduces inflammatory signals by disrupting microdomain structure. Our previous study showed that dietary gangliosides increased ...
Olivo Susan E - - 2005
To determine whether dietary fat intake during childhood affects the later risk of developing breast cancer, we fed prepubertal rats between post-natal days 5 and 25 a low (16% energy) or high-fat (39% energy) diet composed mainly of n-6 or n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) originating either from corn oil ...
Barber M D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has immunosuppressive effects and that these may be detrimental in some circumstances. Many studies have used high-fat diets or have concentrated on one aspect of immune function, such as mitogen-induced proliferation. In the present study we ...
Vegusdal A - - 2005
We have studied the effects of dietary FA on the accumulation and secretion of [3H]glycerolipids by salmon hepatocytes in culture. Atlantic salmon were fed diets supplemented with either 100% soybean oil (SO) or 100% fish oil (FO), and grew from an initial weight of 113 +/- 5 g to a ...
Aïd S - - 2005
We demonstrated previously that a dietary-induced depletion of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in cerebral phospholipids increases the spontaneous release of acetylcholine (Ach) in the rat hippocampus and reduces its potassium chloride evoked-release. In the present study, we investigated the effects in rats of DHA-enriched diets supplied by egg phospholipids (E-PL) or ...
Kumar Sekar Ashok - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Dietary cholesterol plays an important role in development of atherogenesis and cardiovascular disease. We explored the lipemic-oxidative injury in the hypercholesterolemic atherogenic animals. The effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), dl-alpha-lipoic acid (LA) and eicosapentaenoate-lipoate derivative (EPA-LA) were tested for their efficacy in controlling the atherogenic disturbances. METHODS: Four groups ...
Roegge Cindy S - - 2005
Dietary n-3 fatty acid (FA) deficiencies during development can cause learning and memory impairments, but the functional effects of dietary n-6 FA deficiencies, reflected in a lowered n-6/n-3 ratio, are less clear. We investigated the effects of maternal diets containing fish oils, resulting in lowered n-6/n-3 ratios, on a spatial ...
du Bois Teresa Marie - - 2005
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of different fat diets on muscarinic acetylcholine receptor binding. Nineteen male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups and fed a diet of either high saturated fat, n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), n-3 PUFA or low fat (control) for 8 ...
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