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Results 251 - 300 of 1083
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Monserrat José Maria - - 2008
Lipoic acid (LA) has been reported as a potential therapeutic agent due its antioxidants proprieties. It was considered its effect in different organs (gills, brain, muscle and liver) of the fish Corydoras paleatus (Callychthyidae). LA (70 mg/kg of body mass) was added to a commercial fish diet, organisms being fed ...
Childs S - - 2008
Reproductively normal crossbred beef heifers were individually offered a diet of barley straw and concentrate supplemented with one of four levels of a fish oil (FO) enriched supplement. Following oestrous cycle synchronisation, blood samples were collected at appropriate intervals for the measurement of progesterone (P(4)), oestradiol (E(2)), fatty acids, insulin-like ...
Higuchi Tomoyuki - - 2008
We previously reported that lipids extracted from salted herring roe product (Kazunoko), which contains large amounts of cholesterol, phosphatidylcholine and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), decreased plasma lipid and glucose concentrations in mice. The aim of this study was ...
Micallef Michelle A - - 2008
Fish oils rich in (n-3) long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) can reduce circulating triglycerides and raise HDL-cholesterol. Phytosterols have been shown to reduce total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol in normocholesterolemic and hyperlipidemic populations. We investigated the combined effects of phytosterols and (n-3) LCPUFA on plasma lipid profile in hyperlipidemic individuals. This study was ...
Clauss M - - 2008
The fatty acid (FA) patterns of plasma/serum triglycerides (TG), phospholipids (PL) and cholesteryl esters (CE) of captive and free-ranging black rhinoceroses (Diceros bicornis) were investigated. Free-ranging animals (n = 28) stemmed from four different regions. Captive animals sampled included specimens from North American (n = 11) and three different European ...
Mathieu G - - 2008
The aim was to determine the consequences of multi-generational n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) deficiency on emotional response in rats subjected to maternal separation (MS) as chronic early life stress. Pups fed a control or an n-3 PUFA deficient diet were daily separated for 2 weeks before weaning. In adult ...
Malaguti Marco - - 2008
The authors evaluated the role of a high-protein, low-calorie, polyunsaturated fatty-acid (PUFA) -supplemented diet on anthropometric parameters, erythrocyte-membrane fatty-acid composition, and plasma antioxidant defenses of nonprofessional volleyball athletes. The athletes were divided in two groups: One (n = 5) followed the Mediterranean diet, and the other (n = 6) followed ...
Fébel H - - 2008
The effects of dietary fat supplementation on performance, fatty acid (FA) composition of tissues and antioxidant defence system of broilers were studied. Male broilers were placed in 20 floor pens (60 broilers per pen). The broilers were fed by diets with added different energy sources: lard (L); sunflower oil (SFO); ...
Li Peng - - 2008
Nitric oxide (NO), synthesized from l-arginine by tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)-dependent NO synthase (NOS), is critical for neurological and muscular development and function. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that cholesterol and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may modulate the arginine-NO pathway in tissues of the young pig. Sixteen newborn pigs were ...
Ian Givens D - - 2008
The beneficial effects of long-chain (C chain >or=20) n-3 PUFA are well documented and, overall, increased intake reduces risk of CVD. Recent evidence also points to a role in reducing age-related decline in cognitive function. The two key fatty acids are EPA (20:5) and DHA (22:6), with current UK recommendation ...
Nguyen Christine T O - - 2008
PURPOSE: Diet-induced deficiencies in Omega-3 (omega-3) fatty acids are well known to alter photoreceptor function. In this study, the broader functional changes in a diversity of retinal neurons were considered. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley dams were fed either omega-3-sufficient (omega-3(+), n = 21) or -deficient (omega-3(-), n = 19) diets 5 weeks ...
Corino C - - 2008
The Western diet is characterized by a high intake of SFA relative to PUFA, and the consumption of n-3 PUFA is decreased relative to n-6 PUFA. Therefore, there has been much interest in recent years in ways to manipulate the fatty acid composition of meat. The objective of this work ...
Ahmad S Omar SO Department of Occupational Therapy Education, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, - - 2008
Inadequate dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content is associated with altered function of the CNS dopamine systems. In this study, the effects of dietary n-3 PUFA content were determined on dopamine cell number and morphology. Adult (postnatal day 70), male, Long-Evans rats were raised from conception on diets containing ...
Svensson My - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have an increased mortality, mainly due to cardiovascular disease (CVD). ESRD is accompanied by several lipid abnormalities, which may be responsible for part of the increased risk of CVD in this population. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) lower plasma triglycerides in patients with ...
LeBlanc Casey J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of diets enriched with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on in vivo production of interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and platelet-activating factor (PAF) in dogs. ANIMALS: 15 young healthy dogs. PROCEDURES: Dogs were randomly allocated to receive an ...
Beli Eleni - - 2008
We hypothesized that consumption of the (n-3) PUFA, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), modulates the mucosal immune response to enteric infection with respiratory enteric orphan virus (reovirus), a model intestinal pathogen. Mice were fed either AIN-93G control diet, containing 10 g/kg corn oil and 60 g/kg high oleic acid safflower oil, or ...
Shapira Niva - - 2008
BACKGROUND: As high dietary n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and n-6:n-3 PUFA ratio may contribute to many western ailments, increasing n-3 PUFA in foods could be beneficial. The nutritional significance of n-3 PUFA-fortified egg vs. enzymatically competitive high n-6 PUFA diets is debatable. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the dietary contribution of 'field ...
Borsonelo E C - - 2008
The polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), especially omega-3 and -6, play an important role in the functioning of membranes. Therefore, changes in their physical properties might entail impairment of the neurotransmission between cells. Studies emphasize the importance of omega-3 intakes, but they also highlight the need of a balance between omega-6 ...
Prociuk M A - - 2008
Hypercholesterolemia indirectly increases the risk for myocardial infarction by enhancing the ability of platelets to aggregate. Diets enriched with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been shown to reduce the detrimental effects of cholesterol on platelet aggregation. This study investigated whether dietary hempseed, a rich source of PUFAs, inhibits platelet aggregation ...
Riediger Natalie D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Health benefits from low n-6:n-3 fatty acid (FA) ratio on cardiovascular risk have been shown. However, the impact of the source of n-3 FAs has not been fully investigated. AIM: Our purpose was to investigate cardiovascular benefits of oils with a low ratio of n-6:n-3 FAs, but different sources ...
Vlaeminck B - - 2008
The objective of this study was to examine the ruminal biohydrogenation of linoleic (18:2n-6) and linolenic (18:3n-3) acid during in vitro incubations with rumen inoculum from dairy cattle adapted or not to marine algae and with or without additional in vitro docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) supplementation. Treatments were incubated in ...
Ailhaud Gérard - - 2008
A positive energy balance (energy intake>energy expenditure), in which total fat intake plays an important role, is commonly regarded as a major factor contributing to obesity. Adipose tissue development, i.e. both size (hypertrophy) and number (hyperplasia), is stimulated by high dietary fat intake during early postnatal development, a susceptibility that ...
Tateo A - - 2008
To investigate rheological and chemical characteristics of the meat from Italian Heavy Draft horse, 24 foals (12 males and 12 females) were weaned at 6 mo, reared and fed in the same way, and slaughtered at 11 mo of age. The results obtained showed that there were no significant differences ...
Kratz Mario - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicated that dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) increase circulating adiponectin concentrations in rodents. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether a diet rich in n-3 PUFAs increased plasma concentrations of total or high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin in healthy overweight-to-moderately obese men and women. DESIGN: Sixteen women and 10 ...
Sarri K O - - 2008
This study attempts to detect potential associations between depression and adipose docosahexaenoic acid (c22:6 n-3) (DHA), a valid indicator for long-term dietary intake of DHA, in a profoundly religious group that strictly adheres to the Orthodox Christian Church (OCC) rituals and lifestyle. A total of 24 strict fasters and 27 ...
Diwakar B T - - 2008
The ratio of fatty acids namely linoleic acid (LA, 18:2, n-6) and alpha linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3, n-3) in the diet plays an important role in enrichment of ALA in tissues and further conversion to long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) like eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5, n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, ...
Koch C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of atopic eczema has been linked to the alteration of the Western diet, namely the reduced consumption of omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and an increased omega-6 (n-6) PUFA intake. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the pilot study was to determine the efficacy of dietary n-3 ...
Aziz Alfred - - 2008
This study tested the hypothesis that protein source is a factor determining the impact of the diet on lipid metabolism in hamsters. Twenty-eight hamsters of similar body weight were assigned for a period of 8 weeks to one of the following four diets (seven per group) containing either 20 % ...
Guderley H - - 2008
Dietary conditioning of juvenile trout changed the acyl chain composition of mitochondrial phospholipids and the oxidative capacities of muscle mitochondria. Trout were fed three diets differing only in fatty acid (FA) composition. The highly unsaturated 22:6 n-3 (DHA) accounted for 0.4, 14, and 30% of fatty acids in Diets 1, ...
Kjaer M A - - 2008
Fish oil (FO) has traditionally been used as the dominating lipid component in fish feed. However, FO is a limited resource and the price varies considerably, which has led to an interest in using alternative oils, such as vegetable oils (VOs), in fish diets. It is far from clear how ...
Hoyos Camilla - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The optimal method for conducting omega (n-)3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation trials in children is unknown. AIM: To assess the impact of n-3 and n-6 PUFA intake from the background diet on plasma levels of n-3 and n-6 PUFA in children aged 0-3 years, with and without n-3 ...
Fernandes Gabriel - - 2008
Decreased consumption of n-3 fatty acids (FA) and diets rich in animal proteins, saturated fats and n-6 vegetable oils are associated with a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), certain malignancies and autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), and renal disease. Recent studies show that ...
Block Robert C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although red blood cell eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) content (the Omega-3 Index) predicts cardiovascular death, the factors determining the Index are unknown. METHODS: In 704 outpatients, we undertook an investigation of the clinical determinants of the Index. RESULTS: Factors associated with the Index in decreasing order ...
Kang Jing X - - 2008
Diets or nutritional supplements contain many nutrients and other components that may interact, which adds a layer of complexity to their evaluation. A well-controlled experimental model that can eliminate or minimize the confounding factors of diet is critical for addressing nutrient-gene interactions. The newly generated fat-1 transgenic mouse was genetically ...
Caron-Dorval Dominique - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Yet, genetic variations of the gene encoding the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) can also modulate CVD risk factors. Since fatty acids, including n-3 PUFAs, are natural ligands of PPARalpha, a gene-diet interaction effect could be observed. ...
Jayasooriya A P - - 2008
To establish the effect of dietary omega-3 PUFA on angiotensin II (ANG II)-mediated hypertension, male TGR (mRen-2)27 (Ren-2) rats (animals with high ANG II activity) were maintained on a diet either deficient or sufficient in omega-3 PUFA from conception. Half the animals on each diet were treated with the angiotensin-converting ...
Fontaine-Bisson Bénédicte - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Genetic polymorphisms in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) modify the association between polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in a population with type 2 diabetes. The objective of this study was to determine whether this gene x diet interaction is observed in a diabetes-free population and ...
Wakefield Sarah L - - 2008
Despite the well-known benefits of omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation on human health, relatively little is known about the effect of n-3 PUFA intake on fertility. More specifically, the aim of this study was to determine how oocyte and preimplantation embryo development might be influenced by n-3 PUFA ...
Madsen Lise - - 2008
The effect of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFAs) on adipogenesis and obesity is controversial. Using in vitro cell culture models, we show that n-6 PUFAs was pro-adipogenic under conditions with base-line levels of cAMP, but anti-adipogenic when the levels of cAMP were elevated. The anti-adipogenic action of n-6 PUFAs ...
Netsu Sachiho - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of n-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) compared with n-6 linoleic acid (LA) in an endometriosis rat model. We focused on the relationship between lipid metabolism and inflammatory reactions in endometriosis based on the hypothesis that a lipid intake imbalance is one of the factors responsible ...
Bosch G - - 2007
Each year, millions of dogs worldwide are abandoned by their owners, relinquished to animal shelters, and euthanised because of behaviour problems. Nutrition is rarely considered as one of the possible contributing factors of problem behaviour. This contribution presents an overview of current knowledge on the influence of nutrition on canine ...
Kenar Levent - - 2008
This study is to evaluate the effect of dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (omega-3 PUFA) and/or calcium supplementation on colon tissue of the carcinogenic N-methyl-N-nitrosurea (NMU)-injected rats and to investigate this effect by the assessment of the oxidative stress. The rats were divided into four groups: those fed with a ...
Bousquet M - - 2008
In this study, we examined whether omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may exert neuroprotective action in Parkinson's disease, as previously shown in Alzheimer's disease. We exposed mice to either a control or a high n-3 PUFA diet from 2 to 12 months of age and then treated them with ...
Poulsen R C - - 2007
Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) are involved in the regulation of bone metabolism. Increased dietary consumption of n-3, and possibly some n-6, LCPUFAs may limit postmenopausal bone loss. The aim of this study was to determine the effects on bone of specific fatty acids within the n-3 and n-6 ...
Mitchaothai J - - 2008
The apparent digestibility and deposition in carcass of individual dietary fatty acids (FA) were determined in growing-finishing pigs fed diets containing either beef tallow or sunflower oil. The beef tallow was rich in saturated FA (SFA) and the sunflower oil had a high content of polyunsaturated FA (PUFA). A total ...
Levant Beth - - 2007
The fatty acid composition of membrane phospholipids affects the physicochemical properties of the membrane and thus influences cell function. In this study, the effects of 1-4 sequential pregnancies on the phospholipid fatty acid compositions of the maternal liver and erythrocytes were determined in female rats fed diets containing alpha-linolenic acid ...
Pepe Salvatore - - 2007
Fish oil (FO) modifies cardiac membrane phospholipid fatty acid composition to confer increased efficiency of oxygen utilization and antiarrhythmic effects. We tested the capacity of low-dose increments of FO, rich in (n-3) PUFA, to reverse the detrimental pro-arrhythmic and inefficient oxygen usage effects of dietary saturated fat (SAT) [including high ...
Buydens-Branchey Laure - - 2008
Mounting evidence indicates that low levels of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) play a role in the pathophysiology of a large number of psychiatric disorders. In light of the suboptimal n-3 PUFAs intake due to poor dietary habits among substance abusers and the strong associations between aggression, anxiety and substance ...
Ochoa Julio J - - 2007
This study investigates aging-related changes in lipid peroxidation and functionality in liver and skeletal-muscle mitochondria in rats fed a diet rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), depending on supplementation or not with coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)). Two groups of rats were fed for 24 months on a PUFA-rich diet, differing in ...
Milte Catherine M - - 2008
Consumption of long-chain n-3 PUFA, particularly DHA, has been shown to improve cardiovascular risk factors but the intake required to achieve benefits is unclear. We sought to determine the relationship between DHA intake, increases in erythrocyte DHA content and changes in blood lipids. A total of sixty-seven subjects (thirty-six male, ...
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