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Abbott Sarah K - - 2010
The present study quantifies the relationships between diet fatty acid profile and fatty acid composition of rat skeletal muscle phospholipids. Young adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed, for 8 weeks, on one of twelve moderate-fat diets (25 % of total energy) differing only in fatty acid profile. SFA content ranged ...
Luo He-Feng - - 2009
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of n-3 PUFA enrichment in longissimus muscle on intramuscular fat (IMF) content and expression of related genes in growing-finishing barrows. Two isoenergetic, isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets were formulated: one was basal diet and the other contained 10% linseed. Twenty-four Landrace ...
Kohut June - - 2009
The infant born small size for gestational age (SGA) has low bone mass. Since dietary arachidonic acid (AA) and DHA enhance bone mass in normal-birth-weight piglets the objective of the present study was to test for such benefits in the SGA piglet. In the present 15 d study, two levels ...
Arai Takeshi - - 2009
AIM: The aim of our study is to elucidate the effects of EPA- or DHA-rich fish oil, and of the latter plus fenofibrate, on lipid metabolism in female KK mice.METHODS: Female KK mice were fed purified experimental diets containing lard/safflower oil (4:6, Lard/SO), EPA-rich fish oil (EPA), DHA-rich fish oil ...
Mannini Antonella - - 2009
Epidemiological investigation and animal studies have shown that dietary n-3 PUFA prevent the development and progression of certain types of cancer. However, conflicting results have been reported by the few studies that focused on the effect of dietary n-3 PUFA on the development of metastases. In the present study, we ...
Souza Luana L - - 2010
n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) present in fish oil (FO) potently decrease serum lipids, which is also an effect of thyroid hormones. Both PUFAs and thyroid hormones affect hepatic lipid metabolism, and here we hypothesized that a long-term diet rich in n-3 PUFAs would enhance thyroid hormone action in the ...
Perez-Martinez Pablo - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether endothelium-dependent vasomotor function and plasma levels of cellular adhesion molecules are affected by diets with different fat quantity and quality during the postprandial state in subjects with the metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to one of four isoenergetic diets distinct in fat quantity ...
Xu Youqing - - 2009
An experiment was performed to study the effect of different ratios of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on the growth, nucleic acid and fatty acids of cobia (Rachycentron canadum) juveniles. The juveniles were fed for 8 weeks using seven treatment diets (D-1-D-7) with the same amount of DHA ...
Castellano Christian-Alexandre - - 2010
The effects of long-term dietary supplementation of fish oil (n-3 PUFA-rich) in adult male pigs on body condition as well as insulin sensitivity and secretion were examined. Fifteen Duroc boars aged 204.5 (sd 9.4) d (body weight 145.8 (sd 16.8) kg) received daily 2.5 kg basal diet with a supplement ...
Magdeldin Sameh - - 2009
In order to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation rich in omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids, we set up an experiment of twenty four C57BL/6J male mice segregated into 3 groups: normal diet (ND), omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA,) and omega 6 (n-6 PUFA). At the ...
Nemoto Nahoko - - 2009
Fatty liver disease is characterized by a wide spectrum of liver damage, i.e. simple steatosis may progress to advanced fibrosis and to cryptogenic cirrhosis via steatohepatitis, and ultimately to hepatocellular carcinoma. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), a marine-derived n-3 fatty acid like docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), is an anti-thrombotic and hypolipidemic agent, and ...
Wang Shiway W - - 2010
Fatty acid (FA) signature analysis has been used to study foraging ecology and food webs in marine ecosystems. This powerful method provides information about diets over an extended time period (e.g., 2-4 weeks), rather than just the most recent meal as with most traditional approaches. Using consumer FA signatures, along ...
Hiratsuka Seiichi - - 2009
The effects of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) connecting phospholipids on the learning ability and fatty acid composition of the brain were investigated in hypercholesterolemic mice. ICR mice were subjected to a very low level of n-3 fatty acids through two generations. At 4 wk of age, the F(1) generation, ...
Nakashima Yoko - - 2009
These studies aimed to compare the effects of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)+eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)+docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on plasma-lipid concentrations and preferential fat intake of rats fed a lard diet (LD). Each of 2 groups of 4-wk-old male rats was used in studies 1 and 2. In studies 1 and 2, two ...
Musella M - - 2009
Twenty-four barrows (78.1 +/- 1.7 kg of initial BW) were fed a control diet (2.5% sunflower oil) or an experimental diet containing 5% whole extruded linseed. Both diets were supplemented with 170 mg of vitamin E/kg of feed. At slaughter (160 +/- 9.2 kg of BW), 6 hams were collected ...
Fouladi-Nashta Ali A - - 2009
Different fatty acid (FA) sources are known to influence reproductive hormones in cattle, yet there is little information on how dietary FAs affect oocyte quality. Effects of three dietary sources of FAs (supplying predominantly palmitic and oleic, linoleic (n-6) or linolenic (n-3) acids) on developmental potential of oocytes were studied ...
Bousquet M - - 2009
While we recently reported the beneficial effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease (PD), the mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. Here, we specifically investigated the contribution of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) to the neuroprotective effect of n-3 PUFA observed in ...
Minihane Anne Marie - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent findings relating to the impact of dietary fat composition on whole body lipid metabolism, and common gene variants on the blood lipid response to dietary fat change. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years a more comprehensive understanding of the impact of polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) intake ...
Jerónimo Eliana - - 2009
The effect of stepwise replacement of dietary sunflower oil (SO) with linseed oil (LO) on carcass composition, meat colour and fatty acid (FA) composition of intramuscular lipids of lamb meat was investigated. Thirty-six lambs were fed one of four diets consisting of pellets of lucerne with oil (60g/kg): the diet ...
Batetta Barbara - - 2009
Dietary (n-3) long-chain PUFA [(n-3) LCPUFA] ameliorate several metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, although the mechanisms of these beneficial effects are not fully understood. In this study, we compared the effects of dietary (n-3) LCPUFA, in the form of either fish oil (FO) or krill oil (KO) balanced for ...
Ponnampalam E N - - 2009
This study examined the level of long chain omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fats, the ratio of polyunsaturated fat to saturated fat (PUFA/SFA) and the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 (n-6/n-3) fat in sheep grown under grazing conditions in Australia. The sheep genotypes used were Poll Dorset(growth)×Border Leicester Merino (PDg×BLM), Poll ...
Rapoport Stanley I - - 2009
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is required for normal brain function. The concentration of DHA in the brain depends on both diet and liver metabolism. To determine rat brain DHA concentration and consumption in relation to dietary n-3 (omega-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content and liver secretion of DHA derived from circulating ...
Sichert-Hellert W - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of detailed data on fish consumption in European children and adolescents. We therefore investigated fish consumption patterns, portion sizes and estimated intakes of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA; eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid). SUBJECTS/METHODS: From the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed study between 1985 ...
de Mello Vanessa D F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of fish consumption on gene expression of inflammation-related genes in immune cells in coronary heart disease (CHD). AIM OF THE STUDY: We sought to evaluate the effect of a fatty fish (FF) or a lean fish (LF) diet on the modulation of inflammatory ...
Bautista-Ortega J - - 2009
The effects of maternal n-6 and n-3 fatty acid (FA) supplementation on hatched chick tissue FA profile, antioxidant status, and ex vivo eicosanoid production by the cardiac tissue were investigated. Eggs with low, medium, and high levels of n-3 FA were obtained by feeding Cobb breeder hens were fed a ...
Derosa G - - 2009
We evaluate the effect of a standardized dietary supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) on the level of some markers of vascular remodeling in patients with combined dyslipidemia. Three hundred and thirty-three patients received placebo or n-3 PUFAs for 6 months. We evaluated body mass index, glycemic profile, ...
Balkov?? Patricie - - 2009
The effects of dietary supplementation with fat of different fatty acid profile and chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) on the fatty acid composition of serum and heart lipids were analysed. Adult male Wistar rats were fed a standard non-fat diet enriched with 10 % of lard, fish oil (n-3 PUFA) or ...
Ramel Alfons - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Dietary intervention studies suggest that a daily fish meal can improve blood pressure (BP); however, such a dietary regimen might be difficult to sustain. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether salmon consumption three times per week improves BP during energy restriction in young adults. METHODS: ...
Motoyama Kenneth R KR Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. - - 2009
The association of serum polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with lipids in different populations is not known. Our aim was to examine the association of serum n-6 (omega-6) or n-3 (omega-3) PUFAs with triglycerides or HDL-cholesterol concentrations in 261 white, 285 Japanese, and 212 Japanese American men aged 40-49 y. We ...
Fan Yang-Yi - - 2009
We recently demonstrated that (n-3) PUFA trigger the induction of apoptosis in the colon by enhancing phospholipid oxidation and mitochondrial Ca2+ accumulation. To further elucidate the mechanisms regulating oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in vivo, a 2 x 2 experiment was designed using both wild type (control) and manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (SOD2) ...
Sioen Isabelle - - 2009
The outcome of a total dietary approach using a wide range of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) enriched food items on cardiovascular diseases called for further investigation. The study objective was to assess the effect of an ALA-enriched food supply on cardiovascular risk factors in healthy males. A dietary intervention ...
Schnebelen Coralie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of a dietary combination of omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) compared to single PUFA supplementations on the outcome of a substantial elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) in rats. METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats were fed for 6 months with either a control diet, a ...
Skewes O - - 2009
The aim of this study was to compare European wild boar (Sus scrofa) with chromosomal number 2n=36 to phenotypically similar animals with 2n=37 and 2n=38 chromosomes (crossbreeds) with respect to fatty acid (FA) profile and cholesterol content. According to gender and genetic group (2n=36, 2n=37, and 2n=38; seven animals each), ...
López-López I - - 2009
This article reports a study of the physicochemical, sensory and microbiological characteristics of low-fat (10%) and n-3 PUFA-enriched frankfurters as affected by addition of seaweed (5% Himanthalia elongata), partial substitution (50%) of animal fat by olive oil and chilled storage (41days at 2°C). The presence of seaweed improved water and ...
Reza-López Sandra A - - 2009
Diet during pregnancy affects the long-term health of the offspring. Vitamins are known to modulate lipid metabolism, which may be reflected in tissue fatty acid (FA) concentrations. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of high vitamin intake during pregnancy on tissue FA concentration of the offspring. ...
Bongalhardo D C - - 2009
The present work aimed to compare the effect of dietary flax with other oil sources on rooster sperm membranes and on semen characteristics. White Leghorn roosters (16 per diet) were fed 1 of 4 treatments: control diet (CON), or a diet containing corn oil (CORN), fish oil (FISH), or flax ...
Isharwal Sumit - - 2009
Insulin resistance is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). These abnormalities have been aggravated because of imbalanced and excess nutrition in developed countries, and rapid nutritional and lifestyle transition occurring in developing countries. This review presents evidence linking dietary nutrients with insulin resistance and its ...
Rokling-Andersen Merethe H - - 2009
We evaluated the effects of partly substituting lard with marine n-3 fatty acids (FA) on body composition and weight, adipose tissue distribution and gene expression in five adipose depots of male Wistar rats fed a high-fat diet. Rats were fed diets including lard (19.5 % lard) or n-3 FA (9.1 ...
Borges Pedro - - 2009
Over the last few years, several aspects of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) culture have been developed and optimised but the dietary lipid level for optimal growth has never been determined. Hence, five isonitrogenous diets (56 % dietary protein) with increasing dietary lipid levels (4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 % ...
Muehlmann Luis A - - 2010
The prevalence of asthma has risen over the last few decades, and some studies correlate this with the greater consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Dietary PUFAs are known to increase the susceptibility of biological structures to lipid peroxidation, a process by which platelet-activating factor (PAF)-like lipids can be generated. ...
Oz Helieh S HS Center for Oral Health Research, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, USA. - - 2009
Sepsis and septic shock syndrome are the leading causes of death in critically ill patients. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) released by the colonic microorganisms may translocate across a compromised lumen, leading to upregulated reactive oxidative stress, inflammation, and sepsis. The authors examined an enteral formula high in cysteine (antioxidant precursor), omega-3 fatty ...
Shapira Niva - - 2009
Farmed fish high in n-6 PUFA may undermine fish nutritional expectations and intake recommendations for n-3 PUFA requirements and exacerbate rather than improve already high n-6/n-3 PUFA diets. Dietary contribution of fish fortification by linseed-based n-3 PUFA was evaluated. Mango tilapia (12 months old) with high n-6 PUFA (21.8 FA%, ...
Duque-Guimarães Daniella E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Our previous study indicated that partially hydrogenated fat (PHF) diets, rich in trans-isomers, alter plasma lipids and increase the lipogenesis rate on adipose tissue in rats at a young age. In the present study we investigated the effects of dietary PHF on the expression of genes associated with glucose ...
Hall Wendy L - - 2009
The amount and type of dietary fat have long been associated with the risk of CVD. Arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction are important risk factors in the aetiology of CHD. A range of methods exists to assess vascular function that may be used in nutritional science, including clinic and ambulatory ...
Schnebelen Coralie - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine whether dietary n-3 and n-6 PUFA may affect retinal PUFA composition and PGE(1) and PGE(2) production. Male Wistar rats were fed for 3 months with diets containing: (1) 10% eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 7% docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), or (2) 10% gamma-linolenic acid ...
Ferreira Martiña - - 2009
The nutritive quality of Nannochloropsis gaditana cultured semicontinuously with different daily renewal rates was tested as a diet for short-term enrichment of the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis. After 24 h, dramatic differences in the survival, dry weight, and biochemical composition of the rotifers depending on the renewal rate of microalgal cultures ...
Rossmeisl Martin - - 2009
The n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), exert hypolipidemic effects and prevent development of obesity and insulin resistance in animals fed high-fat diets. We sought to determine the efficacy of alpha-substituted DHA derivatives as lipid-lowering, antiobesity, and antidiabetic agents. C57BL/6 mice were given a ...
Turchini Giovanni M - - 2009
In consideration of economical and environmental concerns, fish oil (FO) substitution in aquaculture is the focus of many fish nutritionists. The most stringent drawback of FO replacement in aquafeeds is the consequential modification to the final fatty acid (FA) make-up of the fish fillet. However, it is envisaged that a ...
Mauler Birgit - - 2009
Weight regain in subjects with anorexia nervosa is associated with an increase in serum leptin concentrations that is hypothesized to impair full weight restoration. As diets rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been described to lower serum leptin concentrations, we tested the hypothesis that consumption of a hypercaloric ...
Brochot Amandine - - 2009
Previous work showed that the functional cardiac effect of dietary alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) in rats requires a long feeding period (6 months), although a docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid-supply affects cardiac adrenergic response after 2 months. However, the total cardiac membrane n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) composition remained unchanged after 2 months. ...
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