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Sillanpää Saila - - 2010
Stress during development may cause fluctuating asymmetry (FA), i.e. non-directional and random deviations from perfect symmetry in otherwise symmetrical morphological traits. These deviations affect the phenotypic quality of an individual. We manipulated the diet of nestling great tits, Parus major, to investigate how food quality and quantity affect FA in ...
Castellano C-A - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation with different fish oils (rich in PUFA) vs. hydrogenated animal fat (SFA) on semen production and quality, fatty acid composition, and preservation properties in boars under controlled and commercial conditions. In Exp. 1 (in a research station), ...
Realini C E - - 2010
Seventy gilts were used to compare the effect of including 10% tallow (T), high-oleic sunflower oil (HOSF), sunflower oil (SFO), linseed oil (LO), a fat blend (FB), or an oil blend (OB) in finishing diets vs. feeding a semi-synthetic diet with no added fat (NF) on pig performance, carcass traits ...
Gatellier Ph - - 2010
The effect of cooking on protein oxidation was investigated in M. Longissimus thoracis of eight Normand cows fed during a 100 days finishing period with two different diets: a conventional diet (concentrate/straw based diet) and a diet rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), obtained by addition to the conventional ...
Dawczynski Christine - - 2010
& The effects of n-3 LC-PUFA-supplemented dairy products on cardiovascular risk factors in mildly hypertriacylglycerolemic patients (TAG: ≥1.5 mmol/L) were determined. Fifty-one patients (25 f, 26 m) were included in the double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study and were randomly divided into two groups. Both groups received intervention (3g n-3 LC-PUFA/d) and ...
Mast Natalia N Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, - - 2010
Two diets simulating the recommendations of the American Heart Association to increase the intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) were tested on Golden Syrian hamsters and compared to the diet simulating the current estimated consumption of fat in the United States. N-3 PUFAs were evaluated for their effects ...
Heine-Br?ring Renate C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic and experimental data suggest a cardioprotective effect of n-3 (omega-3) fatty acids from fish [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)]. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the association of fish and EPA plus DHA intakes with coronary calcification in a general older population. DESIGN: Diet was assessed ...
Slee Emily L - - 2010
Long chain n-3 PUFA docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is important for heart and brain function. Investigations of biologically plausible mechanisms using animal models associate cardioprotection with DHA incorporation into myocardial membranes that are largely derived from supra-physiological fish oil (FO) intake. We measured the incorporation of DHA into myocardial membranes of ...
Bridges Kayla M - - 2010
Krill protein concentrate (KPC) consists of high-quality protein (77.7% dry basis) and lipids (8.1% dry basis) that are rich (27% of total fatty acids) in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFAs). The objective of the study was to determine digestibility, tissue deposition, metabolism, and tissue oxidative stability of the omega-3 ...
Muramatsu Takashi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between dietary intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (plant-derived alpha-linolenic acid: ALA, and marine-derived eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid: EPA+DHA) and insulin resistance (IR) in a lean population with high n-3 PUFA intake. METHOD: We cross-sectionally studied 3383 Japanese local government workers aged 35-66 in 2002. ...
Seppänen-Laakso T - - 2010
The effects of canola-type rapeseed oil (RSO) on serum lipids, plasma fibrinogen, lipid oxidation and fatty acids were studied in three groups of subjects, two of which had not been consuming fish in their habitual diets. Forty-two volunteers (35 women, 7 men, 16-62 years) replaced fat with RSO for 6 ...
Poureslami R - - 2010
The PUFA metabolism in broiler chicken was studied through the whole body fatty acid balance method. Four dietary lipid sources (palm fat, Palm; soyabean oil, Soya; linseed oil, Lin; fish oil, Fish) were added at 3 % to a basal diet containing 5 % palm fat. Diets were fed to ...
Yokoyama Meiko - - 2010
Diabetic nephropathy is associated with lipid deposits in the kidney. We hypothesized that a diet containing polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) could ameliorate pathogenesis of diabetic kidney diseases associated with lipid depositions in the kidneys. We examined if the pathogenesis and progression of diabetic nephropathy are affected by the type of ...
Cruz-Hernandez Cristina - - 2010
Orlistat is a gastric and pancreatic lipases inhibitor that is often prescribed to obese subjects. Orlistat has been shown to decrease the absorption of biologically important lipophilic micronutrients such as liposoluble vitamins. We hypothesized that long-term administration of orlistat may lower the incorporation of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) ...
Poureslami R - - 2010
1. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary fatty acid (FA) composition, age, and gender on the FA composition of different broiler anatomical compartments. Four dietary fat sources (palm fat, P; soybean oil, S; linseed oil, L; fish oil, F) were added to a wheat-soybean ...
Fukunishi Shinya - - 2010
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease, and is commonly observed in patients with obesity or type 2 diabetes. The pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis is clinically important to the outcome of NAFLD, however, is not well understood. Since dietary habits are often considered to be responsible for ...
Buaud Benjamin - - 2010
Numerous studies have reported an association between cognitive impairment in old age and nutritional factors, including dietary fat. Retinoic acid (RA) plays a central role in the maintenance of cognitive processes via its nuclear receptors (NR), retinoic acid receptor (RAR) and retinoid X receptor (RXR), and the control of target ...
Rahman Tupur - - 2010
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), especially docosahexaenoic and arachidonic acids, as well as cholesterol are important for neural development and maintaining brain function. However, in contrast to cholesterol, the brain is unable to synthesize the required amounts of these PUFA de novo and requires a constant supply from plasma. Suggested pools ...
Benedito-Palos L - - 2010
The present study aimed to determine the tissue-specific robustness of fatty acid (FA) signatures of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) by analyzing the changes in lipid class and FA composition of skeletal muscle, brain, liver, and mesenteric adipose tissue. Triplicate groups of fish were fed to visual satiety over ...
Meadus William Jon - - 2010
North American consumers interested in improving their health through diet perceive red meat as a source of too much saturated and unhealthy fat in the diet. The purpose of this trial was to produce bacon enriched with the long-chain omega-3 fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). In this 25 day study, ...
Lewis H A - - 2010
We evaluated white bass ovum fatty acid composition as well as embryonic and larval survival after varying n-3 and n-6 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) concentrations in maternal diets. Diets containing graded levels (0, 33, 66, or 100%) of squid to menhaden oils were fed daily to apparent satiation to ...
Pouteau Etienne - - 2010
The composition of dietary fatty acids (FA) during early life may impact adult adipose tissue (AT) development. We investigated the effects of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) intake during the suckling/weaning period on AT development and metabolic markers in the guinea pig (GP). Newborn GP were fed a 27%-fat diet (w/w %) ...
Murano Yoshihiro - - 2010
We previously reported that the feeding of soybean phospholipids to fish increased the storage stability of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)-rich fish fillets. In this study, we examined the storage stability of lipids extracted from fish fed a diet containing soybean phospholipids and fish oil. Rainbow trout were divided into ...
Daley Cynthia A - - 2010
Growing consumer interest in grass-fed beef products has raised a number of questions with regard to the perceived differences in nutritional quality between grass-fed and grain-fed cattle. Research spanning three decades suggests that grass-based diets can significantly improve the fatty acid (FA) composition and antioxidant content of beef, albeit with ...
Burghardt Paul R PR Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience Institute, The University of Michigan, MBNI 2028, 205 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2010
Dietary ratios of omega-3 (n-3) to omega-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been implicated in controlling markers of the metabolic syndrome, including insulin sensitivity, inflammation, lipid profiles and adiposity. However, the role of dietary PUFAs in regulating energy systems in healthy relative to metabolic diseased backgrounds has not been ...
Aziz Alfred A - - 2010
We tested whether feeding hamsters diets varying in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) content and low in linoleic acid (LA) could increase the tissue levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to the same extent as a fish oil-supplemented diet. For 5 weeks, 60 hamsters were fed ...
Beezhold Bonnie L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The physical health status of vegetarians has been extensively reported, but there is limited research regarding the mental health status of vegetarians, particularly with regard to mood. Vegetarian diets exclude fish, the major dietary source of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), critical regulators of brain cell structure ...
Partearroyo T - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Folic acid (FA) deficiency/supplementation effects seem to be dependent on age group and/or physiological status. The aim was to evaluate changes associated with rapid growth in relation to methionine metabolism in rats. METHODS: Four groups (n = 10 each) of male Sprague Dawley rats (5 weeks old) were on ...
Rymer C - - 2010
Human consumption of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) is below recommendations, and enriching chicken meat (by incorporating LC n-3 PUFA into broiler diets) is a viable means of increasing consumption. Fish oil is the most common LC n-3 PUFA supplement used but is unsustainable and reduces the ...
Bermudez Odilia I - - 2010
Consumption of healthy diets that contribute with adequate amounts of fat and fatty acids is needed for children. Among Guatemalan children, there is little information about fat intakes. Therefore, the present study sought to assess intakes of dietary fats and examine food sources of those fats in Guatemalan children. The ...
Ion Gabriela - - 2010
Maternal consumption of a diet high in omega 6 polyunsaturated fats (n-6 PUFA) has been shown to increase risk whereas a diet high in omega 3 polyunsaturated fats (n-3 PUFA) from fish oil has been shown to decrease risk for mammary gland cancer in female offspring of rats. The aim ...
Nguemeni C - - 2010
Populations of Western countries are severely deficient in omega-3 intake, both in the form of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and the Long Chain derivatives (LC-n-3), Eicosa-Pentaenoic-Acid and Docosa-Hexaenoic-Acid. Omega-3 insufficiency is a risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebral diseases such as coronary heart disease and stroke. Stroke is a major cause ...
Varatharajalu Ravi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Paraoxonase (PON1) is an antioxidant enzyme that prevents LDL oxidation as well as detoxifies homocysteine thiolactone (HCTL), both of which can cause atherosclerosis. Chronic alcohol (ETOH) and high omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFA) consumption may affect PON1 status presumably via reactive oxygen species by depleting liver glutathione (GSH), ...
Legrand Philippe - - 2010
Based on mechanistic and epidemiological data, we raise the question of the relationship between qualitative dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) changes and increase in obesity. In this double-blind trial, we studied the effects on 160 overweight volunteers (body mass index, BMI >30) of a 90 days experimental diet rich principally ...
Childs Caroline E - - 2010
In rats and humans, females have higher liver and/or plasma docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) content than males. We hypothesized that the effect of variation in total fat or essential fatty acid intakes on liver and plasma fatty acid composition would differ between sexes. Rats were fed a low-fat soybean oil (LFS), ...
Fedorova Irina - - 2009
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) may be biosynthesized from a precursor alpha-linolenic acid (LNA) or obtained preformed in the diet. Dams were fed four diets with different levels of the various n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation, and their offspring were weaned to the same diets: "n-3 ...
Siddiqui Rafat A - - 2009
n-3 PUFA have well-recognised cardio-beneficial effects. In contrast, premature coronary deaths are associated with consumption of high levels of trans-fatty acids (TFA). The present study determined the effects of n-3 PUFA and TFA on sudden cardiac death and vascular inflammation. A rat coronary ligation model was used to study the ...
Øverby Nina C - - 2009
In order to assess nutritional adequacy, valid estimates of nutrient intake are required. Specifically, the EURopean micronutrient RECommendations Aligned (EURRECA) Network of Excellence needs clear guidelines for assessing the validity of reported micronutrient intakes and n-3 fatty acid (FA) intakes. The aim of the present study was to review the ...
Zhu Haiyan - - 2010
Whether preformed dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is required for brain accretion has not been clearly determined. In this study, we investigated in mice the different effects of dietary longer-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and α-linolenic acid (LNA) on brain accretion of DHA and the expression of associated desaturases and ...
Gobert M - - 2009
Diets rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) improve the nutritional value of ruminant products but also increase the risk of lipoperoxidation in plasma and tissues. The relative effectiveness of dietary antioxidants such as vitamin E (vit E) given alone or with plant extracts rich in polyphenols (PERP) containing rosemary, ...
Oxley Anthony - - 2010
A study was conducted to assess the effect of substituting high levels of dietary fish oil (FO) and fishmeal (FM) for vegetable oil (VO) and plant protein (PP) on the intestinal arachidonic acid (AA) cascade in the carnivorous fish species Atlantic salmon. Four diets were fed to salmon over a ...
Schwartz J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: An appropriate supply of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) during early childhood may enhance cognitive development. Little attention is paid to the fatty acid (FA) supply during the complementary feeding period. We examined the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and LC-PUFAs pattern in dietary practice of two study groups ...
Ozorio Rodrigo O A - - 2010
African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) were fed four isonitrogenous diets (34 % crude protein), each containing one of two lipid (100 or 180 g/kg) and two L-carnitine (15 or 1000 mg/kg) levels. After 81 d of feeding, thirty-two fish (body weight 32 g) from each dietary group were randomly selected, sixteen ...
Hassanali Z - - 2010
Postprandial dyslipidaemia occurs in obesity and insulin resistance (IR), and is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. We have recently established that the JCR:LA-cp rodent model develops postprandial dyslipidaemia concomitant with complications of the metabolic syndrome. Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) are proposed to modulate ...
Bandaru Sathyajit S - - 2010
Alterations in two components of the brain's insulin signaling pathway, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) content and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) activity, have been implicated in the insulin resistance that is central to type II diabetes mellitus (DM). A 2- to 3-fold increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) in patients with type ...
da Costa Kerry-Ann - - 2010
The development of fetal brain is influenced by nutrients such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6) and choline. Phosphatidylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase (PEMT) catalyzes the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine from phosphatidylethanolamine enriched in DHA and many humans have functional genetic polymorphisms in the PEMT gene. Previously, it was reported that Pemt(-/-) mice have altered hippocampal ...
Trøseid Marius - - 2009
Inflammation plays a central role in the development and progression of atherosclerosis, and inflammatory markers have been reported to predict cardiovascular events. Mediterranean-like diet and very long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) supplementation have been reported to reduce the risk of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, but the mechanisms ...
Geier M S - - 2009
The capacity for n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to improve broiler chicken growth, influence the intestinal microbial communities, and modify the PUFA content of meat was studied. Male Cobb 500 chickens were fed 1 of 4 diets from hatch: control (standard diet with no additives), ZnB (standard diet with added ...
Friesen Russell W - - 2009
Arachidonic [ARA, 20:4(n-6)], eicosapentaenoic [EPA, 20:5(n-3)], and docosahexaenoic acids [DHA, 22:6(n-3)] occur in the diet in animal tissue lipids, play important roles in human development and health, but have interactive and opposing functions. Meat and poultry have higher ARA and fish are richer in EPA and DHA. National databases were ...
Ikeno Mitsuru - - 2009
AIM: To determine whether the intrauterine environment affects lipid metabolism, we measured the fatty acid composition of the brain in rats with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) induced by synthetic thromboxane A2 (STA2). Additionally, we evaluated the effect of maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-enriched diet. METHODS: Two experimental diets were provided: soy ...
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