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Song Xianbing - - 2014
Atorvastatin and poly-unsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) are beneficial for lipid-modification, whether atorvastatin plus PUFA could confer better improvement on dyslipidemia and endothelium function is unknown. Dyslipidemia model of 40 rabbits were produced with atherogenic diet, and thereafter saline, atorvastatin, PUFA, or atorvastatin plus PUFA were prescribed for 1 week. Ten ...
Wang L S LS Institute of Animal Nutrition,Northeast Agricultural University,Harbin,150030,P. - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) or betaine on the growth performance, carcass characteristics and fatty acid composition in backfat and belly fat of pigs fed distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). Thirty-two (60±2 kg) crossbred barrows (Duroc×Landrace×Yorkshine) were assigned to ...
Zhou Jishu J Department of Fisheries Science, College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, 712100, Shaanxi, People's Republic of - - 2014
In order to identify effective hepatoprotective herbs for clinical application in fish farming, 200 mg/kg olaquindox (OLA) was added to a basal diet (group 1, control) to form OLA diet (group 2), then 1.35, 2.7 and 5.4 % (w/w) of a Chinese herbal formulation, Yingchen decoction (YCD), were added to the OLA ...
Argiana Vasiliki V First Department of Propaedeutic and Internal Medicine, Laiko General Hospital, Athens University Medical School, 17 Agiou Thoma St., 11527, Athens, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of consumption of desserts with low glycemic index (GI) and low glycemic load (GL), as part of a balanced hypo-caloric diet, on anthropometric and biochemical parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A total of 61 subjects ...
Cho Jin Ho JH Department of Animal Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, - - 2014
One hundred and forty piglets ((Landrace × Yorkshire) × Duroc, 21 day of age) with an initial weight of 6.50 ± 1.11 kg, were randomly allotted into four treatments to determine the effects of a modified form of zinc oxide (ZnO) on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profiles, fecal microbial shedding and fecal score in weanling pigs. ...
Andreadou Ioanna I Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
Ischemic preconditioning, which is mediated by cell signaling molecules, protects the heart from ischemia-reperfusion injury by limiting the infarct size. Oleuropein, the main polyphenolic constituent of olives, reduced the infarct size in normal and cholesterol-fed rabbits when it was administered at a nutritional dose. The aim of the present study ...
Nam I S IS Department of Animal Life and Environment Science, Hankyong National University, Ansong 456-749, Korea ; GRRC, Hankyong National University, Ansong 456-749, Korea - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of ruminally protected amino acids (RPAAs) and ruminally protected fat (RPF) supplementation on ruminal fermentation characteristics (in vitro) and milk yield and milk composition (in vivo). Fourteen mid-lactating Holstein dairy cows (mean weight 653±62.59 kg) were divided into two groups ...
Nociti R P RP FCAV-UNESP, Jaboticabal, São Paulo, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlations between biochemical serum profile with total number of aspirated follicles (AF), oocytes recovered (OR), number of corpus lutea (CL), oocyte morphology quality, and oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) rate. Eighteen goats were randomly divided into 3 groups based on ...
Arroyo J J 1ASSELDOR,Station d'expérimentation appliquée et de démonstration sur l'oie et le canard,La Tour de Glane,24420 - - 2014
The aim of this work was to study the effects of incorporating sugar beet pulp (SBP) into the diet on the development of the crop and performance of geese. A total of 480 1-day-old ganders were divided into three groups differing in the composition and mode of distribution of the ...
Tang Defu D Gansu Academy Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730070, China - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of maize source and complex enzymes containing amylase, xylanase and protease on performance and nutrient utilization of broilers. The experiment was a 4×3 factorial design with diets containing four source maize samples (M1, M2, M3, and M4) and without or ...
Rogoveanu Otilia-Constantina OC Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Craiova, - - 2014
Calcium fructoborate (CFB) has been reported as supporting healthy inflammatory response. In this study, we assess the effects of CFB on blood parameters and proinflammatory cytokines in healthy subjects. This was a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Participants received placebo or CFB at a dose of 112 mg/day (CFB-1) or 56 mg/day (CFB-2) ...
Zhang Haibo H Key Laboratory for Animal Disease-Resistance Nutrition of China Ministry of Education, Animal Nutrition Institute of Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an, - - 2014
This study was conducted to estimate the effect of dietary energy level on lipid metabolism-related gene expression of subcutaneous adipose tissue in Yellow breed × Simmental cattle. The experiment was conducted for 60 days. The results showed that final weight, average daily gain, average backfat thickness, (testicles + kidney + pelvic) fat percentage and subcutaneous fat ...
Sönmez Adem Yavuz AY Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Kastamonu University, Kuzeykent Yerle┼čkesi, Kastamonu, - - 2014
This study evaluated effects of dietary supplementation of sage (Salvia officinalis), mint (Mentha spicata) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris) oils on growth performance, lipid peroxidation level (melondialdehyde, MDA) and liver antioxidant enzyme activities (superoxide dismutase, SOD; catalase, CAT; glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, G6PD; glutathione reductase, GR; glutathione-S-transferase, GST and glutathione peroxidase, GPx) in ...
Buccioni A A Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Agro-alimentari e dell'Ambiente, University of Florence, Piazzale delle Cascine 18, 50144 Firenze, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate milk fatty acid (FA) profile, animal performance, and rumen microbial population in response to diets containing soybean oil supplemented or not with chestnut and quebracho tannins in dairy ewes. Eighteen Comisana ewes at 122 ± 6 d in milking were allotted into ...
Smeti Samir S Laboratoire de Production Animale et Fourragères, INRAT, Carthage University Tunisia, 2049, Ariana, Tunisia, - - 2014
The effects of rosemary supply in form of essential oils (REO) or leaves (RL) on performances of goats were investigated. Thirty goats were allocated into three equal groups, which were fed oat-hay ad libitum and 400 g of concentrate during the two last weeks of pregnancy and 600 g during the first ...
Machado Marina M Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental (CIIMAR/CIMAR), Universidade do Porto, Rua dos Bragas 289, 4050-123 Porto, Portugal; Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar (ICBAS-UP), Universidade do Porto, Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira 228, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Amino acids regulate key metabolic pathways important to immune responses and their nutritional supply may increase synthesis of immune-related proteins. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of tryptophan and methionine on European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) cellular and humoral status. The immunomodulatory effects of tryptophan and ...
Cengiz S S SS a Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine , University of Uludag , 16059 Bursa , - - 2014
Abstract 1. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of juniper oil (JO) dietary supplementation on the laying performance, egg traits and egg malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations of quail. 2. A total of 400 female Pharaoh quail were equally divided into 4 groups containing 100 quail (5 replicates ...
Giannenas Ilias I Laboratory of Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece, - - 2014
Dietary supplementation with a multi-strain probiotic containing Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecium, Pediococcus acidilactici and Lactobacillus reuteri has been examined for its effects on growth performance, intestinal microbiota, non-specific immune response and antioxidant status of rainbow trout. Three groups of sub-adult trout were stocked into experimental tanks. A commercial diet was ...
Hanson A R AR Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota, St. Paul - - 2014
This experiment evaluated the effects of including peroxidized corn dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) in diets for sows and nursery pigs on growth performance, vitamin E (VE) and Se status, and the incidence of Mulberry Heart Disease (MHD) of nursery pigs. Sows (n = 12) were fed corn-soybean meal ...
Krupková Michaela - - 2014
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA, tretinoin) is a vitamin A derivative commonly used in the treatment of diverse conditions ranging from cancer to acne. In a fraction of predisposed individuals, the administration of ATRA is accompanied by variety of adverse metabolic effects, particularly by the induction of hyperlipidemia. We have previously ...
Elibol-Can Birsen B Department of Medical Biology,Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakif - - 2014
To date, no structural study has been carried out on the effects of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) on hippocampal macromolecules. Therefore, in the present study, the effect of dietary VAD on the structure, content and function of rat hippocampal molecules was investigated using Fourier transform IF spectroscopy. Male Wistar rats ...
Pirondini M M Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, 20133 Milan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of diets with different starch concentrations and fish oil (FO) supplementation on lactation performance, in vivo total-tract nutrient digestibility, N balance, and methane (CH4) emissions in lactating dairy cows. The experiment was conducted as a 4 × 4 Latin square ...
Ribas Simone Augusta SA Nutrition Division, State University of Rio de Janeiro,Rio de - - 2014
The present study investigated the LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering effects of psyllium in Brazilian dyslipidaemic children and adolescents. A total of fifty-one individuals (6-19 years) with mild-to-moderate hypercholesterolaemia were evaluated by conducting a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel clinical trial. Over an 8-week trial period, the participants were randomly allocated to one of ...
Naghii Mr M Sport Physiology Research Center and Department of Nutrition, Health School, Baqiyatallah (a.s.) University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran - - 2014
Administration of natural antioxidants has been used to protect against nephrolithiasis. Urolithiasis was induced by ethylene glycol (EG) in Wistar rats. For 4 weeks, group 1 (control) was fed with a standard commercial diet. Group 2 received the same diet with 0.75% of EG. Group 3 received EG plus the ...
Di Trana A A Scuola di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali, Alimentari ed Ambientali, Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Viale dell'Ateneo Lucano 10, 85100 Potenza, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Twelve milking Girgentana goats were allocated into 3 groups and fed 3 diets ad libitum in a 3 × 3 Latin square design with 3 periods. The diets were Sulla fresh forage ad libitum (SUL), Sulla fresh forage ad libitum and 800 g/d of barley meal (SULB), and mixed hay ...
Pinna C C Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, 40064 Ozzano Emilia, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate in vitro the effect of some prebiotic substances and two dietary protein levels on the composition and activity of feline fecal microbiota. Two in vitro studies were conducted. First, 6 non-digestible oligosaccharides were studied; treatments were: Control diet; gluconic acid (GA); ...
Hossain M A - - 2014
This study consisted of two experiments, conducted to assess the impact of phase at which vegetable protein (VP) diets are introduced to broiler chicks, and preference of birds for diets based on soybean or canola meal (CM). Two hundred and ten day-old Cobb 500 chicks were randomly distributed into five ...
Chang Q Q Institute of Animal Nutrition, Northeast Agricultural University, Mucai street No.59, Xiangfang District, Harbin 150030, - - 2014
The experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of fulvic acid on lipid metabolism of finishing pigs. One hundred eighty crossbred barrows (Landrace × Yorkshire, 60 ± 2.5 kg) were randomly allotted to 5 dietary treatments (36 pigs/treatment) and fed a basal diet supplemented with 0, 0.2%, ...
Motupalli P R PR Animal Science Research Centre, Harper Adams University, Newport, Shropshire TF10 8NB, - - 2014
A number of factors influence dairy cow preference to be indoors or at pasture. The study reported here investigated whether herbage mass and distance affects preference and if continuously housed cows exhibited behavioral and production differences compared to cows that had free access to pasture. Dairy cows (n = 16) ...
Molist F F Schothorst Feed Research, 8200 AM Lelystad, the Netherlands - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of standardized ileal digestible (SID) Lys levels of the diet on the growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of entire males (EM), surgical castrates (SC), and males vaccinated with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) vaccine (GV). In total, 252 crossbred ...
Casamassima Donato D Department of Agricultural, Environmental and Food Sciences,University of Molise,Via De Sanctis, snc - 86100 - - 2014
Milk yield and milk qualitative parameters were evaluated in Lacaune ewes on a diet supplemented with extruded linseed, verbascoside and vitamin E. A 98 d-trial was conducted on 44 ewes and started 40±2 d post partum. The animals were divided into four homogeneous groups of eleven animals each; one control group (CON) ...
Rojas O J OJ Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana - - 2014
Lemna protein concentrate (LPC; 68.0% CP) is produced by extracting protein from de-oiled and dehydrated biomaterials from plants of the Lemnaceae family and may be used as a protein source for animals. There are, however, no published data on the nutritional value of LPC fed to pigs. Three experiments were, ...
Sun Haige H Division of Cardiology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, Guangdong, PR - - 2014
Aim: To explicit whether the functions of high density lipoprotein (HDL) are impaired in murine atherosclerosis by subcutaneous immunization with recombinant mycobacterial heat shock protein 65 (HSP65). Methods: C57BL/6 mice were fed a normal chow-diet with non immunization as normal group. ApoE knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice on high-fat diet were randomly ...
Zhang Wei-Li - - 2014
Endothelial dysfunction is implicated in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Whether atorvastatin combined with rosiglitazone has synergistic effects on endothelial function improvement in the setting of dyslipidemia is unknown. Dyslipidemia rat model was produced with high-fat and high-cholesterol diet administration. Thereafter, atorvastatin, rosiglitazone or atorvastatin combined with rosiglitazone were ...
Diedrich Victoria V University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, - - 2014
Essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been shown to play a beneficial role in hibernating mammals. High amounts of dietary PUFA led to an earlier hibernation onset, deeper and longer hibernation bouts and a higher proportion of hibernating animals in several species. In contrast, the relevance of dietary PUFA for ...
Wu Chih-Chung CC Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan 711, - - 2014
Gynura bicolor (Roxb. & Willd.) DC., a perennial plant belonging to the Asteraceae family, is originated from the tropical area of Asia. The total hemocyte count (THC), phenoloxidase (PO) activity, respiratory bursts (RBs), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, and lysozyme activity were examined after white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei had been fed ...
Delezie E E ILVO (Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research), Animal Sciences Unit, Scheldeweg 68, 9090 Melle, Belgium; - - 2014
Developing new sources of organic Se has potential benefit for animal production and human nutrition via animal-based foods enriched in Se. The objectives of this trial were to compare l-selenomethionine with another organic Se source, Se-enriched yeast (SelPlex 2300), and sodium selenite, an inorganic Se source, against a commercial control ...
Xu H H Departamento de Urología, Hospital Huashan, Universidad Fudan, Shanghai, PR - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the role of IGF-1 related pathway in high-fat diet (HFD) promotion of TRAMP mouse PCa progression. TRAMP mice were randomly divided into two groups: HFD group and normal diet group. TRAMP mice of both groups were sacrificed and sampled on the 20th, 24th and 28th week ...
Pozzo Luisa L Istituto di Biotecnologia e Biotecnologia Agraria (IBBA), CNR, Pisa, - - 2014
The effects of white wheat bread and white wheat bread added with a mixture (Cyclantera pedata, Glycine max, Monascus-fermented red mold rice, Cynaria scolymus and Medicago sativa) were examined on hypercholesterolemic and steatotic mice, divided into 4 groups: control diet (CTR), high fat diet (HFD), high fat diet with white ...
King Jonathan N - - 2014
BackgroundThe efficacy, acceptability and tolerability of the new oral phosphate binder Lenziaren® (SBR759) were evaluated in a randomized parallel-group design study in 36 healthy cats (n =6 per group). Five groups were fed once daily with a commercial diet containing 0.2% phosphorus (¿standard diet¿) into which was mixed Lenziaren® at ...
Caselato-Sousa Valeria Maria VM Food and Nutrition Department, School of Food Engineering, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil. - - 2014
This study reports the new functional property of amaranth grain against diet-induced endothelial dysfunction in rabbits. Twenty-seven New Zealand rabbits were fed either a standard diet (SD/G1) or a hypercholesterolemic diet (Hichol) for 28 days. On day 29, the Hichol group was subdivided into four groups and begun receiving the ...
Hwang Jin Ho JH Department of Internal Medicine, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, South - - 2014
The antiproteinuric effect of a renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade can be magnified by dietary salt restriction. This study sought to determine the effect of intensive low-salt diet education on BP and urine albumin excretion in nondiabetic patients with hypertension and albuminuria. This study was conducted between March of 2012 and March ...
Rajkumar Hemalatha H Department of Microbiology and Immunology, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
This study investigated the effect of 6-week supplementation of a probiotic strain Lactobacillus salivarius UBL S22 with or without prebiotic fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) on serum lipid profiles, immune responses, insulin sensitivity, and gut lactobacilli in 45 healthy young individuals. The patients were divided into 3 groups (15/group), that is, placebo, probiotic, ...
Ahmed Rebekah M RM Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, Australia2Prince of Wales Clinical School, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia3ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, - - 2014
Presence of eating abnormalities is one of the core criteria for the diagnosis of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), yet their occurrence in other subtypes of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and effect on metabolic health is not known. To define and quantify patterns of eating behavior and energy, sugar, carbohydrate, protein, ...
Olukosi O A OA Avian Science Research Centre, Scotland's Rural College, Auchincruive, Ayr, KA6 5HW, United Kingdom - - 2014
A 14-d broiler experiment was conducted to assess the effects of 2 dietary variables on efficacy of a bacterial 6-phytase from Citobacter braakii on nutrient and phytate P (PP) utilization. Diets were formulated with or without nutrient matrix values (matrix) for phytase as negative control (NC) or positive control (PC), ...
Rodríguez-Lecompte J C JC Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3T 2N2; Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, PEI, Canada C1A 4P3. Electronic address: - - 2014
Subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) increases lipopolysaccharide endotoxin in the rumen, which might translocate into the systemic circulation, triggering a cascade of clinical and immunological alterations. The objective of this study was to characterize the clinical immune and metabolic responses to ruminal-derived lipopolysaccharide in nonlactating cows induced with SARA using 2 ...
López M C MC Institute for Animal Science and Technology, Polytechnic University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of substitution of dietary corn grain by dry citrus pulp or soybean hulls on energy and nitrogen partitioning, substrate oxidation, methane emission, and milk performance in dairy goats during midlactation. Twelve multiparous Murciano-Granadina goats of similar body weight (41.7 ± ...
Jagruthi Chandrasekar C Department of Biotechnology, Bharath College of Science and Management, Thanjavur-613 005, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The effect of astaxanthin at 0, 25, 50, and 100 mg kg(-1) incorporated in basal feed on immune response and disease resistance in Cyprinus carpio against Aeromonas hydrophila was investigated. When fed with 25 mg kg(-1) diet, the cumulative mortality was 35% whereas it was 10% and 20% with 50 ...
Whalen Kristine A - - 2014
The Western dietary pattern is associated with higher risk of colorectal neoplasms. Evolutionary discordance could explain this association. We investigated associations of scores for 2 proposed diet patterns, the "Paleolithic" and the Mediterranean, with incident, sporadic colorectal adenomas in a case-control study of colorectal polyps conducted in Minnesota (1991-1994). Persons ...
Haese Eva E a Institut für Tierernährung , Universität Hohenheim , Stuttgart , - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diet composition on phytate (InsP6) degradation in dairy cows. In Experiment 1, four diets that differed in the amount and source of phosphorus (P) were fed to 24 lactating cows in a 4 × 4 Latin Square design. The control diet ...
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