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Purwin, Cezary
The study has involved a comparison of yield performance of Holstein-Friesian cows (n=38) fed conserved feeds (grass silage, maize silage, ensiled beet pulp) with their analogues grazing on pasture. Pasture grazing increased the milk yield performance of cows compared to the feeding method based on conserved feeds, with the increase ...
Nesan Dinushan D Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital , Toronto, Ontario , Canada - - 2014
Abstract In recent years, the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) hypothesis has been challenged. Several completed randomized clinical trials continue to fall short in demonstrating HDL, or at least HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, as being a consistent target in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. However, population studies and findings in lipid modifying trials ...
Nakai Tomokazu - - 2013
We investigated the degradation of betaine in the rumen by a continuous supply of betaine to dairy cows. After 24 h of betaine incubation using rumen fluid from dairy cows, more than 80% of the betaine remained undegraded. Furthermore, the continuous supply of betaine for about 70 d did not ...
Ichihashi Daisen - - 2013
The level of radioactive cesium (the sum of (134)cesium (Cs) and (137)Cs) was investigated in total diet samples collected from adults living in the Sapporo area, Hokkaido. They were ashed, and examined with a germanium semiconductor detector. The maximum and average radioactivities of cesium in an indivividual's daily food intake ...
Gasteiner J J Federal Agricultural Research and Education Centre Raumberg-Gumpenstein, Institute of Farm Animal Welfare and Farm Animal Health, A-8952 Irdning, - - 2012
The aim of the present study was the continuous measurement of ruminal pH in grazing dairy cows to monitor the diets effects on ruminal pH value. A novel indwelling pH-measurement and data transmitting system was given to 6 multiparous cows orally. Ruminal pH was measured every 600 sec over a 40 d ...
Farmer C - - 2011
The impact of diet deprivation and subsequent over-allowance in prepubertal gilts on their mammary development and mammary gene expression at the end of gestation and their lactation performance over 2 parities was determined. Seventy-seven gilts were reared under a conventional (control, CTL; n = 41) or an experimental (treatment, TRT; ...
Farmer C - - 2011
The impact of diet deprivation and subsequent over-allowance on the metabolite status, mammary development, and mammary gene expression in prepubertal gilts was determined. Forty-seven gilts were reared under a conventional (control, CTL; n = 23) or an experimental (treatment, TRT; n = 24) dietary regimen. The later regimen (consisting of ...
Costas Benjamín - - 2011
The present study aimed to assess the effects of increased availability of dietary amino acids (AA) on brain monoamine neurotransmitters and the metabolic processes resulting from stressful situations in fish. Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) juveniles (24.2±0.4g wet mass) were weekly subjected to an acute handling stressor (HDLG) or remained undisturbed ...
Baurhoo N - - 2011
An experiment was conducted to compare a commercial corn-soybean meal diet with a pearl millet diet containing less soybean meal (-27%), alone or in combination with exogenous enzymes, on growth performance, jejunal villus development, ileal CP and AA digestibility, and cecal microbial populations in broilers. One hundred and sixty 1-d-old ...
Nakajima Kenji - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been shown to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular diseases, although the precise mechanism is unknown. We investigated the effect of EPA on the regression of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: LDL-receptor-deficient mice were fed a high-cholesterol diet for 8 weeks to build up aortic sinus atherosclerotic ...
Pashevin Denis A - - 2011
Quercetin, a plant-derived flavonoid, has attracted considerable attention as promising compound for heart disease prevention and therapy. It has been linked to decreased mortality from heart disease and decreased incidence of stroke. Here, we report new data showing the angioprotective properties of quercetin mediated by its effect on proteasomal proteolysis. ...
Masilamani Madhan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although peanut and soybean proteins share extensive amino acid sequence homology, the incidence and severity of allergic reactions to soy are much less than those to peanut. Soybeans are rich in anti-inflammatory isoflavones and are the most common source of isoflavones in the human food supply. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized ...
Pifferi Fabien - - 2011
Resveratrol (RSV) is a dietary polyphenolic compound with several positive effects on metabolic functions and longevity. We tested the effect of RSV on the circadian clock in a nonhuman primate, the gray mouse lemur. The impact of a 2-week dietary supplementation of RSV on the rhythms of locomotor activity and ...
Naqvi Asghar Z AZ Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2011
To prospectively assess effects of select dietary fats on cognitive decline. Prospective observational; 3-year follow-up. Northwestern University. Four hundred eighty-two women aged 60 and older who participated in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Observational Study or in the control group of the WHI Diet Modification arm. Dietary intake from a ...
Zachut M - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of feeding an increased amount of extruded flaxseed with high proportions of n-3 fatty acids (FA) to transition dairy cows on performance, energy balance, and FA composition in plasma, adipose tissue, and milk fat. Multiparous Israeli-Holstein dry cows (n = ...
Amer S - - 2010
Twenty Holstein cows were used in a randomized complete block experiment to determine the feeding value of pearl millet silage (MS) for dairy cows relative to corn silage (CS). Two isonitrogenous diets were formulated with a 53:47 forage:concentrate ratio. Pearl millet silage and CS comprised 67% of the forages in ...
Kruse K A - - 2010
Ninety-six Holstein heifers (400±6kg, 15.2±0.1 mo), including 9 with ruminal cannulas, were offered 1 of 3 diets for 180±8 d in a randomized replicated pen design. Dietary treatments included a control diet (C100) and 2 independent limit-fed (LF) diets. The LF diets included one offered at 85% of C100 intake ...
Holt M S - - 2010
This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of corn silage hybrids and nonforage fiber sources (NFFS) in high forage diets formulated with high dietary proportions of alfalfa hay (AH) and corn silage (CS) on ruminal fermentation and productive performance by early lactating dairy cows. Eight multiparous Holstein cows (4 ...
Bernard J K - - 2010
Forty-four lactating Holstein cows (173±30 DIM, 42.5±6.8 kg of milk, 4.03±0.69% fat, 674±78 kg of body weight) were used in an 8-wk, completely randomized trial with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments to determine the effect of forage source and supplemental cellulase enzyme on performance. Treatments included 2 ...
Mullins C R - - 2010
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of increasing dietary inclusion rates of wet corn gluten feed (WCGF; Sweet Bran; Cargill Inc., Blair, NE) on milk production and rumen parameters. Four primiparous and 4 multiparous ruminally cannulated Holstein cows averaging 90±13 d in milk (mean ± SD) were randomly ...
Baldinger Lisa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Organic milk production aims at efficient use of home-grown feeds, especially forages, to minimise the quantity of purchased feeds. In conventional agriculture, Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) is known for its high energy content and palatability, and the aim of the present study was to examine its suitability as ...
Kazama R - - 2010
Four ruminally fistulated primiparous lactating Holstein cows were assigned to a 4 × 4 Latin square design to determine the effects of the site of administration (rumen or abomasum) of flax oil and flax hulls on diet digestibility and milk fatty acid profile of dairy cows. The treatments were 1) ...
Vallimont J E - - 2010
The objectives of this study were to determine the feasibility of measuring feed intake in commercial tie-stall dairies and infer genetic parameters of feed intake, yield, somatic cell score, milk urea nitrogen, body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS), and linear type traits of Holstein cows. Feed intake, BW, and ...
Lloyd K E - - 2010
Eight primiparous and 8 multiparous Holstein cows were used to determine the effects of Cr supplementation, in the form of Cr propionate (Cr Prop), on milk and tissue Cr concentrations. Cows were randomly assigned by parity to one of 2 diets: 1) control diet or 2) 2 mg of supplemental ...
Maulfair D D - - 2010
Ration sorting is thought to allow cows to eat different rations throughout the day, causing fluctuations in rumen fermentation patterns that can be detrimental to production and possibly animal health. The objective of this experiment was to study the effects of varying total mixed ration (TMR) particle size on sorting ...
Wims C M - - 2010
Increasing milk production from pasture while increasing grass dry matter intake (GDMI) and lowering methane (CH(4)) emissions are key objectives of low-cost dairy production systems. It was hypothesized that offering swards of low herbage mass with increased digestibility leads to increased milk output. A grazing experiment was undertaken to investigate ...
Wang J P - - 2010
Experimental objectives were to determine the effects of supplemental saturated fatty acids on production, body temperature indices, and some aspects of metabolism in mid-lactation dairy cows experiencing heat stress. Forty-eight heat-stressed Holstein cows were allocated into 3 groups (n=16/group) according to a completely randomized block design. Three treatment diets consisted ...
Rabiee A R - - 2010
The objectives of this meta-analysis were to evaluate the effectiveness of supplementation with the organic trace minerals (OTM; Availa-4 and 4-Plex, Zinpro Corp., Eden Prairie, MN) on milk yield, composition, and component yields and reproductive performance in dairy cows. Twenty research papers and reports on the effects of OTM were ...
Eslamizad M - - 2010
An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of different milking frequencies on entire lactation production performance in Holstein cows. One hundred twenty Holstein cows were assigned to 3 milking treatments (35 multiparous and 5 primiparous cows in each): 1) milking 6 times daily for the entire lactation (6x); 2) ...
Agle M - - 2010
The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of level of dietary concentrate on rumen fermentation, digestibility, and N losses in lactating dairy cows. The experiment was a replicated 3x3 Latin square design with 6 cows and 16-d adaptation periods. Ruminal contents were exchanged between cows at the ...
Glasser Frédéric - - 2010
In intensively reared dairy cows, milk fat secretion is reduced in response to high-concentrate diets and it is often referred to as the "milk fat depression" (MFD) syndrome. Some trans fatty acid (FA) isomers produced in the rumen of the cows, including t10,c12-18:2, are known for their inhibitory effect on ...
Wang C - - 2010
The effect of the content of lysine and methionine in metabolizable protein (MP) on lactation performance and N utilization in Chinese Holstein cows was determined. A control diet (C) was formulated to be adequate in energy but slightly limiting in MP. The concentration of Met and Lys in MP was ...
Wang Peng - - 2010
This study examined the differences between non-inoculated (control) corn and Northern Leaf Blight (NLB)-damaged corn (inoculated corn); dry matter (DM) yield, silage fermentation quality, nutritive value and feed intake by sheep were compared. Leaf, stem and grain dry weights and gross yield of inoculated corn were significantly (P < 0.05) ...
Roche J R - - 2010
A study was conducted to evaluate the potential effects of altering the proportion of dietary structural carbohydrate (SC) relative to nonfiber carbohydrate (NFC) pre- and postpartum on milk production and the circulating concentrations of hormones and metabolites. Dietary treatments were arranged as a 2 x 2 factorial, with 68 multiparous ...
Madzimure James - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of partially substituting cottonseed cake with graded levels of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) seed cake (BSC) on milk yield and quality in Guernsey cows. Sixteen cows in mid-lactation and in their third parity were allocated to diets containing 0% (control), ...
Bork N R - - 2010
The objectives were to study the effects of feeding rolled flaxseed (FLX) to early-lactation dairy cows on milk yield, milk components, and milk fatty acid profiles as well as on measures of cow reproduction. Lactating Holstein cows, on 3 commercial dairies, were fed either an early-lactation ration (CON) or a ...
Zhang S Z - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of feeding alfalfa hay on chewing activity, rumen fermentation, and milk fat concentration of dairy cows fed wheat-based dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) as a partial replacement of barley silage. Thirty lactating Holstein cows (220+/-51 DIM), 6 of which ...
Gehman A M - - 2010
The objectives of this experiment were to determine the effects of forage type on nutrient digestibility, purine derivative excretion, nitrogen utilization, and milk production in dairy cattle consuming rations containing high levels of wet distillers grains with solubles (WDGS). Primiparous (n=8) and multiparous (n=20) Holstein cows were used in a ...
Doepel L - - 2010
This study was undertaken to increase our understanding of the need of the mammary gland for the different types of AA and how the mammary gland alters its metabolism in response to a variable AA supply. Eight lactating Holstein cows (61+/-4 DIM) were used in a replicated 4 x 4 ...
Zhang S Z - - 2010
Dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) has been commonly used as a dietary protein source for lactating dairy cows. However, there is a paucity of data evaluating the use of DDGS as a partial replacement of forage or grain. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of ...
Arriaga H - - 2010
Dietary crude protein (CP) reduction is considered a useful strategy to minimize cow N excretion and NH(3) and N(2)O emissions. The aim of the current work was to relate dietary CP modification to whole-animal N balance and subsequent NH(3) and N(2)O concentrations on a tie-stall barn floor. The effect of ...
Mullins C R - - 2010
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of a molasses-coated cottonseed product on nutrient digestibility and milk fatty acid (FA) composition of lactating dairy cattle. The effect of a direct-fed microbial (DFM) product was also examined. Twelve Holstein cows (693+/-85kg of body weight, 127+/-39 d in milk, 2.08+/-0.29 lactations; ...
Côrtes C - - 2010
Four ruminally lactating Holstein cows averaging 602+/-25 kg of body weight and 64+/-6 d in milk at the beginning of the experiment were randomly assigned to a 4 x 4 Latin square design to determine the effects of feeding whole flaxseed and calcium salts of flaxseed oil on dry matter ...
Mjoun K - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate lactation response and AA utilization of early lactation cows fed 2 types of dried distillers grains with solubles (DG): regular (DDGS) or reduced-fat (RFDGS). Thirty-six Holstein cows 19.7+/-2.6 d in milk at the start of the experiment were used in a randomized ...
Gebrehawariat Efrem - - 2010
Thirty-six Boran × Friesian dairy cows (392 ± 12 kg; mean ± SD) in early parity were used in a randomised complete block design. Cows were blocked by parity into three blocks of 12 animals and offered normal maize (NM) stover (T1), NM silage (T2) or quality protein maize (QPM) ...
Steinke K - - 2010
A long-term study over 25 months was conducted to evaluate the effects of genetically modified corn on performance of lactating dairy cows. Thirty-six dairy cows were assigned to two feeding groups and fed with diets based on whole-crop silage, kernels and whole-crop cobs from Bt-corn (Bt-MON810) or its isogenic not ...
Alzahal Ousama - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of ruminal infusion of soybean oil (SBO) with either a moderate- or high-forage diet on fat concentration, yield and composition in milk from dairy cows. Six rumen-fistulated Holstein dairy cows (639+/-51 kg body weight, 140+/-59 days in milk) were used ...
Mapato Chaowarit - - 2010
Four crossbreds (75% Holstein Friesian) lactating dairy cows were used to evaluate the effects of sunflower oil (SFO) levels and roughage source on feed intake, nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation, milk yield, and milk composition. Four milking cows with average liveweight of 410 ± 25 kg and 18 ± 11 days ...
Tudisco R - - 2010
A 150-day trial was carried out on 40 Italian Mediterranean buffalo cows that, immediately after calving, were equally divided into two homogeneous groups (M and O) based on the number of calving events and previous milk yield. The animals were fed (16 kg dry matter (DM)/head) two isoenergy/isoprotein diets (NEl: ...
Felton C A - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of water addition to a high-moisture total mixed ration (TMR) on feed temperature, feed intake, feed sorting behavior, and milk production of dairy cows. Twelve lactating Holstein cows (155.8+/-60.1 DIM), individually fed once daily at 1000 h, were exposed to ...
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