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Lynch Ianniello I I Centro de Relevamiento y Evaluación de Recursos Agrícolas y Naturales, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (IMBIV)- Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias), and Cátedra de - - 2014
Many problems in poultry production are caused by a combination of interrelated factors such as management, stress, nutrition, and exposure to pathogens. Saprophagous flies that develop in poultry manure are a potential route of pathogen transmission. Besides being a nuisance, defecation and regurgitation of flies soil equipment and structures and ...
Soong Yean Yean YY Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, 14 Medical Drive, #07-02, Singapore 117599, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
Muffins are a popular snack consumed in western and emerging countries. Increased glycemic load has been implicated in the aetiology of diabetes. This study examined the starch digestibility of muffins baked with rice, wheat, corn, oat and barley flour. Rapidly digested starch (RDS) was greatest in rice (445mg/g) and wheat ...
Beck Michelle L - - 2013
Emerging aquatic insects play a key role in transporting aquatic contaminants into terrestrial ecosystems. Tree swallows are frequently the focus of studies examining this movement because they are thought to forage heavily on emerging aquatic insects when breeding in riparian areas. We examined the tree swallow diet to determine if ...
Bertuccio P - - 2013
BackgroundDeclines in gastric cancer (GC) incidence and mortality have been related to improvements in diet. It is therefore important to consider dietary patterns.DesignWe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature through Medline and Embase databases.ResultsWe identified 16 papers, of these 9 derived dietary patterns through an a posteriori ...
Leske Stuart - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Dieting has historically been the main behavioural treatment paradigm for overweight/obesity, although a non-dieting paradigm has more recently emerged based on the criticisms of the original dieting approach. There is a dearth of research contrasting why these approaches are adopted. To address this, we conducted a qualitative investigation ...
Abdel-Hamid Yousrya M - - 2012
Background & objectives: In Egypt, Phlebotomus papatasi is the main vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis. In nature, P. papatasi feeds on blood from different hosts and sucrose (other sugars) mainly from fig fruits. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of three food regimes on the life table ...
Tamaki Yosui Y Division of Metabolism and Biosystemic Science, Department of Internal Medicine, Asahikawa Medical College, Asahikawa, Hokkaido, - - 2013
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) have been reported to attenuate hepatic fibrosis in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, it is uncertain whether ARBs prevent hepatocarcinogenesis in NASH even after hepatic fibrosis has developed. Male Wistar rats were fed with a choline-deficient, L-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet for 24 weeks, and then ...
Yung Lai-Ming - - 2012
PURPOSE: Postmenopausal women experience higher risks for cardiovascular diseases than age-matched men and pre-menopausal women. There is a need for better treatment strategy for estrogen-deficient-related cardiovascular complications. We and others have recently reported that activated renin-angiotensin system and the associated oxidative stress impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation in ovariectomized rat, while angiotensin ...
Romarheim Odd H - - 2012
An experiment was carried out to study the preventive effect of bacterial meal (BM) produced from natural gas against plant-induced enteropathy in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Salmon were fed a diet based on fish meal (FM) or seven diets with 200 g/kg solvent-extracted soyabean meal (SBM) to induce enteritis in combination ...
Malamut Georgia - - 2012
Refractory celiac disease is defined by the persistence of symptoms of malnutrition and intestinal villous atrophy for more than 6-12 months despite strict gluten-free diet in celiac patients. Diagnosis of this rare condition is made after excluding other causes of chronic small intestinal inflammation and villous atrophy and inadvertent intake of ...
Rands Vicky F - - 2012
The intrarenal renin-angiotensin system contributes to hypertension by regulating sodium and water reabsorption throughout the nephron. Sex differences in the intrarenal components of the renin-angiotensin system have been involved in the greater incidence of high blood pressure and progression to kidney damage in males than females. This study investigated whether ...
Santos Sérgio Henrique S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a transgenic-induced chronic increase of Ang-(1-7) on the expression of inflammatory markers in adipose tissue and the metabolic profile in rats treated with high-fat diet. Research Design and Methods Transgenic rats expressing a Ang-(1-7)-producing fusion protein (TGR ...
Beyer Andreas M - - 2012
Obesity increases plasma renin activity and angiotensin II levels, leading to vascular damage, elevated blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and renal damage. Because genetic deletion of crucial parts of the renin-angiotensin system protect against obesity-related cardiovascular defects, we hypothesized that Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats, a model of chronically low plasma renin ...
Gao Xuan - - 2012
High-density lipoproteins (HDL, or Good Cholesterol) are heterogeneous nanoparticles that remove excess cell cholesterol and protect from atherosclerosis. The cardioprotective action of HDL and its major protein, apoA-I, is well-established, yet the function of the second-major protein, apoA-II, is less clear. In this review, we postulate an ensemble of apolipoprotein ...
Della Penna S - - 2012
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of aquoporin-1 (AQP-1) and aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) in the renal tubule of rats fed with a high-salt diet and its modulation by the AT1 receptor blocker losartan. MAIN METHODS: The experiments were performed in four groups of rats fed for ...
Kymionis George D - - 2012
Fifteen-month-old twins presented with photophobia and bilateral corneal pseudodendrites, and tyrosinemia type II was suspected. Plasma tyrosine levels were elevated. After therapy with tyrosine-restricted diet, corneal lesions resolved. Bilateral pseudodendritic keratitis may be the initial or only manifestation of tyrosinemia type II.
López-García J - - 2012
Sexual, ontogenic and temporal effects in the diet of Dasyatis longa were evaluated to determine feeding habits and trophic ecology. Numeric indices and the index of relative importance were applied to establish the feeding strategy of the species. Independence of the diet with respect to sex, dry or rainy season ...
Yoshida Hiroshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Remnant lipoprotein (RLP), associated with atherosclerosis progression, is often elevated in diabetes mellitus. The RLP level is estimated by immune-separation method and agarose-gel electrophoresis (AGE). METHODS: The patients were grouped into three groups according to tertile of RLP-cholesterol (RLP-C) levels. The lipoprotein profiles of type II diabetic patients (T2DM) ...
Roszell Blair R - - 2012
The Niemann-Pick C (NPC) pathway plays an essential role in the intracellular trafficking of cholesterol by facilitating the release of lipoprotein-derived sterol from the lumen of lysosomes. Regulation of cellular cholesterol homeostasis is of particular importance to lung alveolar type II cells because of the need for production of surfactant ...
Borzyszkowska Joanna - - 2012
This study examines whether renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system gene polymorphisms: ACE (encoding for angiotensin converting enzyme) c.2306-117_404 I/D, AGTR1 (encoding for angiotensin II type-1 receptor) c.1080*86A>C and CYP11B2 (encoding for aldosterone synthase) c.-344C>T are associated with the extension of coronary atherosclerosis in a group of 647 patients who underwent elective coronary angiography. ...
Kei Anastazia A - - 2012
The focus of this review is on the role of apolipoprotein C-II (apoC-II) in lipoprotein metabolism and the potential effects on the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We searched PubMed/Scopus for articles regarding apoC-II and its role in lipoprotein metabolism and the risk of CVD. Apolipoprotein C-II is a constituent ...
McGough Megan M - - 2011
Sodium chloride (NaCl; salt) serves important functions in processed meats, contributing to desirable quality and food safety characteristics; however, renewed interest exists in reducing sodium in the human diet despite sodium being a required component of the diet for physiological regulation. This study investigated consumer sensory and quality impacts from ...
Kim Yong-Hoon - - 2011
NADPH oxidase (NOX) is a predominant source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the activity of NOX, which uses NADPH as a common rate-limiting substrate, is upregulated by prolonged dietary salt intake. β-Lapachone (βL), a well-known substrate of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), decreases the cellular NAD(P)H/NAD(P)(+) ratio via activation of ...
Liu Jiankang - - 2011
The goal of this study was to examine whether fatty liver and abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) are jointly associated with cardiometabolic abnormalities. Black participants were from the Jackson Heart Study (n=2882, 65% women) who underwent computed tomography. Fatty liver was measured by liver attenuation in Hounsfield units (LA), and ...
Krstić Branko - - 2011
A 42-day experiment was conducted to compare the effects of various levels of sodium selenite (SS) and Se-enriched yeast (SY) on chicken productivity, carcass traits, and breast Se concentration. Six hundred 1-day-old Cobb 500 broiler chicks were placed on 1 of 6 experimental treatments. The treatments consisted of feeding a ...
Kuchtík Jan - - 2011
The aim was to evaluate the effects of crossbreeding Romanov (RO) ewes with Suffolk (SF) and Charollais (CH) sires on the chemicophysical characteristics and FA profile of the Quadriceps femoris muscle (QFM) in lambs fattened under organic conditions. The experimental animals were male lamb twins of two different crossbreds; CH ...
Guesnet P P INRA, UR 909 Nutrition et Régulation Lipidique des Fonctions Cérébrales, F-78352 Jouy-en-Josas, - - 2011
We hypothesized that due to the absence of a dietary source of omega-3 fatty acids, the essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency model leads to an overestimate of linoleic acid (LA) requirements. over 7wk, young rats consumed an EFA diet containing either 0en% linoleate (0LA) and 0en% α-linolenate (0LNA) or a ...
Dencker Magnus - - 2012
In adults, the size of the left atria (LA) has important prognostic information. In obese adults, adolescents and children enlargement of LA have been observed. This has not been investigated on a population-based level in young children. We therefore assessed if total body fat mass (TBF), abdominal fat, and body ...
Rossoni Carina - - 2011
A beneficial influence of antimalarials on lipid profile of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients has been recently claimed. In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the effect of chloroquine on cholesterol levels of a Brazilian population with SLE. Sixty patients were studied, 95% females. Mean age was 48.7 years (SD 13.3 ...
Yuan Dong - - 2011
An 8-week experiment was conducted using 540 48-week-old Lingnan Yellow broiler breeders to evaluate the effect of the sources and levels of selenium (Se) on reproduction and Se retention. After receiving basal diet for 8 weeks, breeders were randomly assigned to six dietary treatments and fed corn-soy-based diets supplemented with 0.15 ...
Yeh Shinn-Pyng - - 2011
The effects of different particle sizes (100˜150, 74˜100, and < 74 μm) of powder of the dried and ground stipe from the monkey head mushroom, Hericium erinaceum, on the immune response and disease resistance of white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, against the pathogen, Vibrio alginolyticus, were examined. Mushroom powder with a ...
Lee M W - - 2011
Obesity in the USA continues to be a medical problem of epidemic proportions, affecting one-third of American adults. This increase in body weight and body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for insulin resistance; individuals with insulin resistance are at increased risk for the development of type 2 diabetes ...
Zhang Feng - - 2011
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has evolved as a primary weight loss surgery. This study provides changes in lipid profiles in obese patients 1 year after LSG. A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent LSG from June 2004 to June 2008 provided data on demographics, body mass index (BMI) changes, co-morbidities, and ...
Doyle E K - - 2011
This research was designed to determine if divergent selection for resistance to Haemonchus contortus had produced correlated changes in voluntary feed intake and diet selection. Voluntary feed intake, diet selection and production were determined in 54 Merino weaner rams from the CSIRO Haemonchus selection flock, increased resistance to Haemonchus (IRH), ...
Weiss Ram - - 2011
To assess whether the fasting triglyceride-to-high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol (TG/HDL) ratio in adolescence is predictive of a proatherogenic lipid profile in adulthood. A longitudinal follow-up of 770 Israeli adolescents 16 to 17 years of age who participated in the Jerusalem Lipid Research Clinic study and were reevaluated 13 years later. Lipoprotein ...
Selvaraj Palanisamy - - 2012
The present study examines the preventive role of hesperidin (HDN) on plasma, cardiac and hepatic lipids in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced rats. Myocardial injury was induced by subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol hydrochloride (85mg/kg BW) twice at an interval of 24h, for two consecutive days. HDN was administered by post-orally at a dose ...
Amigo Ludwig - - 2011
Bile acid (BA) pool size remains unchanged after cholecystectomy (XGB) but it circulates faster, exposing the enterohepatic system to an increased flux of BA. Triglyceride (TG) and BA metabolisms are functionally inter-related. We investigated whether ablation of the gallbladder (GB) modifies hepatic TG metabolism. Male mice were subjected to XGB ...
Mera Yasuko - - 2011
Inhibitors of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) expressed in the liver and small intestine are potential candidates for lipid-lowering agents. However, inhibition of hepatic MTP could lead to significant safety issues such as fatty liver disease. To develop a specific inhibitor of intestinal MTP, JTT-130 [diethyl-2-({3-dimethylcarbamoyl-4-[(4'-trifluoromethylbiphenyl-2-carbonyl)amino]phenyl}acetyloxymethyl)-2-phenylmalonate], was designed to be ...
Nakano Takamitsu - - 2011
Serum concentration of remnant-like lipoprotein particles (RLP) have been measured by cholesterol as RLP-C for clinical diagnostic purpose. However, the measurement of TG in RLP and the ratio of RLP-TG/total TG has not been well established. Highly sensitive triglyceride assay reagent (TG-EX) was used for RLP-TG assay and compared with ...
Ikeda Kazutaka - - 2011
Recent epidemiological studies have shown a positive association of a high-fat diet with the risk of colon cancer. Indeed, increments in the serum levels of triglycerides (TG) and cholesterols are positively related with colon carcinogenesis. We previously reported that an age-dependent hyperlipidemic state is characteristic of Min mice, an animal ...
Fujioka Yoshio - - 2011
Pitavastatin significantly improved lipid profiles and reduced serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in a multi-center and prospective study. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of pitavastatin on serum levels of another inflammatory biomarker, interleukin-18 (IL-18), in a sub-analysis of the previous multi-center prospective study. The ...
Zabuli Jahid - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine if short-term intermittent treatments of high-energy diet have any stimulatory effects on ovarian function and metabolic status in goat. Cycling Shiba goats were divided into treatment (TG; n=6) and control (CG; n=6) groups. After the detection of ovulation (1st ovulation, Day 0) ...
Jan Mohammad Rasul MR Malakand University, Swat, - - 2012
To evaluate the levels of serum lipoproteins in women with pregnancy-induced hypertension and compare it with the corresponding levels in pregnant women having normal blood pressure. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the three tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar, North West Frontier Province, Pakistan. A total of 206 pregnant women ...
Kolovou Genovefa D - - 2011
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a common autosomal disorder associated with hypercholesterolemia which usually results from a mutation in the coding region of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (R) activity. Only 20% of untreated heterozygote (h) FH men reach 70years of age. Therefore, the diagnosis of hFH is a better ...
Jeon Seon-Min - - 2010
An ethanol extract of fucoxanthin-rich seaweed was examined for its effectiveness as a nutraceutical for body fat-lowering agent and for an antiobese effect based on mode of actions in C57BL/6J mice. Animals were randomized to receive a semi-purified high-fat diet (20% dietary fat, 10% corn oil and 10% lard) supplemented ...
Ohlsson L - - 2010
The digestion of sphingolipids (SL) is slow and is catalyzed by mucosal enzymes. Dietary SL was shown to inhibit cholesterol absorption and to lower plasma cholesterol, triglycerides (TG) and hepatic fat accumulation in animal models. A dairy formulation based on fractionation of buttermilk, which is enriched in milk polar lipids ...
Brown J Mark JM Departments of Pathology Section on Lipid Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, - - 2010
Mutations of Comparative Gene Identification-58 (CGI-58) in humans cause triglyceride (TG) accumulation in multiple tissues. Mice genetically lacking CGI-58 die shortly after birth due to a skin barrier defect. To study the role of CGI-58 in integrated lipid and energy metabolism, we utilized antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) to inhibit CGI-58 expression ...
Mitsuhashi Yuka - - 2010
In this study, we investigated a combination of a low glycemic index starch (LGIS) and diacylglycerol (DAG) on lipid, lipoprotein (LP) metabolism, and weight management. Obese, intact female adult Beagle dogs were assigned to 1 of 4 starch/oil combination diets [LGIS/DAG (LD); LGIS/triacylglycerol (TAG); high glycemic index starch (HGIS)/DAG; and ...
Cohen Jerome D - - 2010
Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) II (1976 to 1980), NHANES III (1988 to 1994), and NHANES 1999 to 2006 were examined to assess trends in total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides (TGs), lipid-lowering medication use, and obesity. Age-adjusted decreases in TC ...
Carey Vincent J VJ Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2010
To determine the relative contributions of triglycerides (TGs) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in the residual risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) after the reduction of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol to guideline-recommended levels, we conducted a hospital-based, case-control study with optimal matching in the strata of LDL cholesterol, gender, ethnicity, ...
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