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Sung Chang-Meen CM Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (C-.M.S. and H.B.P.) and Internal Medicine (T.S.J.), Institute of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Chilam-dong 90, Jinju, Republic of Korea 660-702. E-mail address for H.B. Park: - - 2014
Hyperlipidemia is a proposed, but unproven, risk factor for primary frozen shoulder. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between serum lipid profiles and primary frozen shoulder. This was a case-control study. The case group comprised 300 patients diagnosed with frozen shoulder from October 2009 to April ...
Lu Yanjun Y School of Applied Sciences, Auckland University of Technology Auckland, New - - 2014
The aim of the study was to compare the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of fermented, cured sausages made from equivalent muscle groups of beef, pork, and sheepmeat. The last has no commercial examples and represents an unexploited opportunity. Using seven replicates of shoulder meat and subcutaneous fat, sausages were made ...
Jia Xiaofang - - 2012
AIMS: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) can ameliorate certain liver lesions involved in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). A previous study has found that stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive 5/Dmcr (SHRSP5/Dmcr) rats fed a high fat-cholesterol (HFC) diet developed fibrotic steatohepatitis with histological similarities to NASH. This study evaluated the potential effects and mechanisms of action ...
Martin Seth S - - 2012
The National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) has provided education and guidance for decades on the management of hypercholesterolemia. Its third report (ATP III) was published 10 years ago, with a white paper update in 2004. There is a need for translation of more recent evidence into a ...
Jayaraman Shobini S Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Boston University School of Medicine, MA 02118, USA. - - 2012
HDL (high-density lipoproteins) remove cell cholesterol and protect from atherosclerosis. The major HDL protein is apoA-I (apolipoprotein A-I). Most plasma apoA-I circulates in lipoproteins, yet ~5% forms monomeric lipid-poor/free species. This metabolically active species is a primary cholesterol acceptor and is central to HDL biogenesis. Structural properties of lipid-poor apoA-I ...
Lee Seung-Min - - 2012
In the present study, we hypothesized that onion peel extract (OPE) alters hepatic gene expression to improve blood cholesterol profiles. To investigate the effect of OPE to test our hypothesis, Sprague-Dawley rats were fed ad libitum for 8 weeks with the control, high-fat diet (HFD) or the high-fat diet with ...
Avila-Ramos F - - 2012
The antioxidant effect of oregano essential oil and vitamin E was evaluated in cooked chicken breast meat. In total, 480 broilers were randomly assigned to 6 treatments and 4 replications. Broilers were raised with a corn-soybean meal diet including either crude soybean oil or acidulated soybean oil soapstock, each supplemented ...
Spinneker A - - 2012
Background/Objectives:To provide a detailed lipid profile of a European adolescent population considering age, gender, biological maturity, body mass index (BMI), fat mass (FM) and percentage body fat (BF).Subjects/Methods:Within Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA), a cross-sectional study was conducted to determine fasting serum concentrations of lipids, lipoproteins ...
McIntosh Avery L - - 2012
Although lipid-rich microdomains of hepatocyte plasma membranes serve as the major scaffolding regions for cholesterol transport proteins important in cholesterol disposition, little is known regarding intracellular factors regulating cholesterol distribution therein. On the basis of its ability to bind cholesterol and alter hepatic cholesterol accumulation, the cytosolic liver type FA ...
Jacobs Shoshanah R - - 2012
Abstract Energy stores are critical for successful breeding, and longitudinal studies require nonlethal methods to measure energy stores ("body condition"). Nonlethal techniques for measuring energy reserves are seldom verified independently. We compare body mass, size-corrected mass (SCM), plasma lipids, and isotopic dilution with extracted total body lipid content in three ...
Williams Paul T - - 2012
Quantile-dependent penetrance is proposed to occur when the phenotypic expression of a SNP depends upon the population percentile of the phenotype. To illustrate the phenomenon, quantiles of height, body mass index (BMI), and plasma lipids and lipoproteins were compared to genetic risk scores (GRS) derived from single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP)s ...
Hossain Mohammad A - - 2012
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) mediates the lipidation of exchangeable apolipoproteins, the rate-limiting step in the formation of high density lipoproteins (HDL). We previously demonstrated that HDL oxidized ex vivo by peroxidase-generated tyrosyl radical (tyrosylated HDL, tyrHDL) increases the availability of cellular cholesterol for efflux and reduces the development of ...
Mathews Simon C - - 2012
Epidemiologic studies suggest that LDL particle concentration (LDL-P) may remain elevated at guideline recommended LDL cholesterol goals, representing a source of residual risk. We examined the following seven separate lipid parameters in achieving the LDL-P goal of <1000 nmol/L goal for very high risk secondary prevention: total cholesterol to HDL ...
Li Qing - - 2012
The association of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and serum lipid profiles is inconsistent. The present study was undertaken to detect the association of ABCG5/G8 SNPs and several environmental factors with serum lipid levels. Genotyping of the ABCG5 (rs4131229 and rs6720173) and ABCG8 (rs3806471 and rs4148211) SNPs ...
Rodríguez-Cruz Maricela - - 2011
In the liver, maintaining lipid homeostasis is regulated by physiological and exogenous factors. These lipids are synthesized by Fasn, elongases and desaturases. Interactions in an organism among these factors are quite complex and, to date, relatively little is known about them. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Hosomi Ryota - - 2011
Abstract Fish consumption is well known to provide health benefits in both experimental animals and human subjects. Numerous studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of various protein hydrolysates on lipid metabolism. In this context, this study examined the effect of fish protein hydrolysates (FPH) on cholesterol metabolism compared with the ...
Martín Juan José - - 2011
Lipid rafts are membrane microdomains enriched in cholesterol, sphingolipids, and glycolipids that have been implicated in many biological processes. Since cholesterol is known to play a key role in the entry of some other viruses, we investigated the role of cholesterol and lipid rafts in the host cell plasma membrane ...
Evens Roel - - 2011
A potential drawback of traditional dietary metal toxicity studies is that it is difficult to distinguish between the direct toxicity of the metal and indirect effects caused by altered concentrations of essential nutrients in the metal-contaminated diet. In previous studies it has become clear that this can hamper the study ...
Lim Joseph B - - 2011
A modification of the CHARMM36 lipid force field (C36) for cholesterol, henceforth called C36c, is reported. A fused ring compound, decalin, was used to model the steroid section of cholesterol. For decalin, C36 inaccurately predicts the heat of vaporization (~10 kJ/mol) and molar volume (~10 cc/mol), but C36c resulted in ...
Mohanta K N - - 2011
Nine semi-purified diets were prepared with three levels each of protein (300, 350 and 400 g/kg) and lipid (60, 80 and 100 g/kg) and fed ad libitum to Trichogaster trichopterus fingerlings (0.61 ± 0.03 g) in triplicate groups (10 fish/replicate) for 90 days to determine optimum dietary protein and lipid levels. Twenty-seven flow-through fibre-reinforced plastic tanks (200 l ...
Skotnicka Ewa - - 2011
Blood samples were taken from 12 goats during the periparturient period (4 and 1 weeks before and 2, 10 and 30 days after delivery), and from 10 nonpregnant goats. The following variables were determined: total lipids (TL), triacylglycerol (TG), total cholesterol (TCH) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein ...
Ågren Ulla M - - 2011
To compare the effects of a combined oral contraceptive (COC) containing nomegestrol acetate and 17β-oestradiol (NOMAC/E2) on haemostasis, lipids, carbohydrate metabolism, C-reactive protein (CRP) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) with those of a COC containing levonorgestrel and ethinylestradiol (LNG/EE). In a randomised, open-label study, 121 healthy women, 18-50 years of ...
Weigand Edgar - - 2012
The impact of a moderate Zn deficiency on growth and plasma and liver lipids was investigated in two 4-week experiments with male weanling rats fed fat-enriched diets. Semisynthetic, approximately isocaloric diets containing 3% soybean oil were supplemented with either 7 or 100 mg Zn/kg diet and with 22% beef tallow (BT) or ...
Maslov Mikhail A - - 2011
New polycationic lipids corresponding to the two different classes of amphiphiles ("head-tail" and "gemini") were designed and used as components of non-viral gene delivery systems. The hydrophobic domain of lipids is based on the cholesterol residue and the hydrophilic one - on the naturally occurring polyamine - spermine. Ester and ...
Ferretti G - - 2011
AIMS: Aim of the paper was to summarize the literature about the effect of dietary lipids on activity of paraoxonase-1 (PON1), a multifunctional enzyme associated with high density lipoprotein (HDL). PON1 exerts a protective effect against oxidative damage of cells and lipoproteins and modulates the susceptibility of HDL and LDL ...
García M D - - 2012
The cultivated species of the wild autochthonous Asparagus officinalis in Andalusia in Spain is commonly called "triguero" asparagus. This vegetable has traditionally been very much appreciated for its organoleptic and nutritional characteristics. This study has been designed to evaluate the potential effect of different concentrations of freeze-dried asparagus (500, 250, ...
Brasaemle Dawn L - - 2012
Lipid droplets (LDs) are organelles found in most types of cells in the tissues of vertebrates, invertebrates, and plants, as well as in bacteria and yeast. They differ from other organelles in binding a unique complement of proteins and lacking an aqueous core but share aspects of protein trafficking with ...
Tholstrup Tine - - 2011
Despite the high content of palmitic acid, palm olein has been shown to have a neutral effect on plasma cholesterol concentrations when compared with olive oil, which is suggested to be attributable to palmitic acid in the sn-1 and sn-3 position. In contrast, palmitic acid is in the sn-2 position ...
Mak Ho Yi - - 2012
Lipid droplets are evolutionarily conserved organelles where cellular fat storage and mobilization are exquisitely regulated. Recent studies have defined lipid droplets in C. elegans and explored how they are regulated by genetic and dietary factors. C. elegans offers unique opportunities to visualize lipid droplets at single-cell resolution in live animals. ...
Chabowski Adrian - - 2011
Aim:  Intramuscular lipid accumulation has been associated with insulin resistance, and after TZD treatment was shown to be reduced in some, but not all, studies. This work was undertaken to investigate relationships between intramuscular lipids [free fatty acids (FFA), diacylglycerols (DAG), triacylglycerol (TAG) phospholipids (PL)] and plasmalemmal fatty acid (FA) ...
Bortolotti Murielle - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It has been reported that a high protein diet improves insulin sensitivity and reduces ectopic lipids in animals and humans with the metabolic syndrome. We therefore tested the hypothesis that a high dietary protein content may stimulate whole body lipid oxidation and alter post-prandial triglyceride (TG) after ...
Venegas Carmen - - 2011
Virgin argan oil possesses high antioxidant capacity (AC), which may be partially explained by its high content in antioxidant molecules like polyphenols and tocopherols. However, the content in other antioxidant molecules, e.g. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), Coenzyme Q9 (CoQ9) and Melatonin (Mel), which have been identified in other vegetable edible oils, ...
Matsuoka Keisuke - - 2011
We used a model intestinal solution to understand the mechanisms of cholesterol lowering by the addition of plant sterols. The experimental results of the competitive solubilization of cholesterol and β-sitosterol in vitro give useful information about these mechanisms. The states of the model intestinal solution as a solubilizer were analyzed ...
Kauffman Robert P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare lipid profiles between Mexican American and non-Hispanic white women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis using the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) guidelines. SETTING: University gynecology service. PATIENT(S): Self-identified Mexican Americans (n = 71) and non-Hispanic whites (n = 120) with ...
Tomkin Gerald H - - 2012
The B-containing lipoproteins are the transporters of cholesterol, and the evidence suggests that the apo B48-containing postprandial chylomicron particles and the triglyceride-rich very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) particles play an important part in the development of the plaque both directly and indirectly by their impact on LDL composition. The ratio ...
Miller Walter L - - 2011
Steroid hormones are made from cholesterol, primarily derived from lipoproteins that enter cells via receptor-mediated endocytosis. In endo-lysosomes, cholesterol is released from cholesterol esters by lysosomal acid lipase (LAL; disordered in Wolman disease) and exported via Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) proteins (disordered in NPC disease). These diseases are characterized by ...
Saggini A - - 2011
The link between low density lipoprotein and coronary heart disease has been widely studied. Oxidized LDL damages the artery wall, and a diet rich in vitamins and low in saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce this risk. Not only hypercholesterolemia but also low levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol are ...
Xie Jiang - - 2011
The community medical center is the first barrier for lipid control. We aimed to survey the residents' cholesterol condition in the community, and pursue the reasons for the upsetting results from various aspects. Residents and physicians were recruited from four community centers. Residents completed questionnaires and a physical examination as ...
Kiens B - - 2011
In modern societies, oversupply of calories leads to obesity and chronic metabolic stress, which may lead to development of disease. Oversupply of calories is often associated with elevated plasma lipid concentrations and accumulation of lipids in skeletal muscle leading to decreased insulin sensitivity. Consequently, enhanced fat oxidation might be beneficial ...
Sánchez de Medina Verónica - - 2011
Phenolic extracts from olive-tree leaves and olive pomace were used to enrich refined oils (viz. maize, soy, high-oleic sunflower, sunflower, olive, and rapeseed oils) at two concentration levels (200 and 400 μg/mL, expressed as gallic acid). The concentration of characteristic olive phenols in these extracts together with the lipidic composition ...
Guo Z - - 2011
AIMS: Human clinical studies have yielded mixed results on the effects of consumption of probiotics on the plasma lipid profile. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials that evaluated the effects of probiotics consumption on blood lipids. DATA SYNTHESIS: A systematic literature search of Embase, Web of Science, PubMed ...
Niesor Eric J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Subjects with high HDL-C show elevated plasma markers of cholesterol absorption and reduced markers of cholesterol synthesis. We evaluated the effect of dalcetrapib, a cholesteryl ester transfer protein modulator, on markers of cholesterol homeostasis in healthy subjects. METHODS: Dalcetrapib was administered daily with or without ezetimibe in a randomized, ...
Evens Roel - - 2011
Dietary metal toxicity studies with invertebrates such as Daphnia magna are often performed using metal-contaminated algae as a food source. A drawback of this approach is that it is difficult to distinguish between the direct toxicity of the metal and indirect effects caused by a reduced essential nutrient content in ...
Sun Qiujuan - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of mineral sources on broiler breeders and their offsprings. Broiler breeding hens were fed with diets containing either organic or inorganic trace minerals at equal levels, i.e., (1) control group was fed with basal diet supplemented with inorganic trace minerals; ...
Ahire Jayesh J - - 2011
Lactobacillus helveticus, grown at 37°C in MRS medium supplemented with 3 mM cholesterol, assimilated all the cholesterol in 42 h having 68 U mg(-1) of intracellular cholesterol oxidase activity. The strain transformed 1 g cholesterol to 0.05 g of androsta-1, 4-diene-3, 17-dione and 0.04 g of androst-4-ene-3, 17 dione within 48 h at 37°C with extracellular cholesterol oxidase ...
Miettinen T A - - 2011
AIMS: To study the whole-body cholesterol metabolism in man, cholesterol synthesis and absorption need to be measured. Because of the complicated methods of the measurements, new approaches were developed including the analysis of serum non-cholesterol sterols. In current lipidologic papers and even in intervention studies, serum non-cholesterol sterols are frequently ...
Sen Subha - - 2011
Despite the presence of significant levels of systemic Interferon gamma (IFNγ), the host protective cytokine, Kala-azar patients display high parasite load with downregulated IFNγ signaling in Leishmania donovani (LD) infected macrophages (LD-MØs); the cause of such aberrant phenomenon is unknown. Here we reveal for the first time the mechanistic basis ...
Ferreira de Araujo P R - - 2011
In humans, the normal metabolic activity produces free radicals that constantly, along with other risk factors, including hypercholesterolemia may be responsible for the onset of degenerative diseases. Some bioactive compounds present in blackberry (Rubus spp.) have the ability to act as natural antioxidants can make the food to minimize effects ...
Mulas Maria Franca - - 2011
Cholesterol is an essential constituent of all mammalian cell membranes and its availability is therefore a prerequisite for cellular growth and other functions. Several lines of evidence are now indicating an association between alterations of cholesterol homeostasis and cell cycle progression. However, the role of cholesterol in cell differentiation is ...
Rytter Dorte - - 2011
Nutritional influences on cardiovascular disease operate throughout life. Studies in both experimental animals and humans have suggested that changes in the peri- and early post-natal nutrition can affect the development of the various components of the metabolic syndrome in adult life. This has lead to the hypothesis that n-3 fatty ...
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