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Horwood Jeremy P - - 2014
Prostate cancer (PC) incidence and progression may be influenced by dietary factors, but little is known about the acceptability of dietary modification to men at increased risk of PC. Qualitative interviews with men participating in the ProDiet study were undertaken to explore the feasibility of implementing dietary interventions for the ...
Kim Hyunsook H 1 Department of Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University , Seoul, South Korea - - 2014
Abstract Dietary changes could potentially reduce prostate cancer morbidity and mortality. Transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) prostate tumor responses to a 100 g of fat/kg diet (whole walnuts, walnut oil, and other oils; balanced for macronutrients, tocopherols [α-and γ]) for 18 weeks ad libitum were assessed. TRAMP mice (n=17 ...
Tavares Aida Isabel AI CEISUC, University of Coimbra, Coimbra - Portugal and DEGEI, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
People who decide to lose weight by dieting often do so without participating in any associated physical activity. Although some people who participate in sports are unconcerned about their diet, it is generally believed that people who exercise tend to eat a healthy diet and those who do not exercise ...
Mitani Takakazu T Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture - - 2014
Androgen-dependent prostate cancer inevitably progresses to incurable castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) after androgen deprivation therapy. Because castration-induced hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α enhances the transcriptional activity of androgen receptor (AR) at low androgen levels mimicking the castration-resistant stage, HIF-1α is expected to be a promising target for suppression of growth of CRPC. ...
Oh S-H SH North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA - - 2012
Competition in global pork markets has increased as trade barriers have opened as a result of free trade agreements. Japanese prefer both loin and Boston butt, while Chinese prefer pork offal. Frozen pork has increased in terms of imports into China. Japanese consumers consider pork meat origin along with pork ...
Oelrich B - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The well-established triglyceride (TG) lowering effect of fish oil is accompanied by an increase in LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentration. Less is known about the differential impact on LDL particle distribution - the smaller particles being associated with a greater risk for atherosclerosis. We aimed to examine the changes ...
Mikhailidis Dimitri P - - 2011
Aim of the present Consensus Statement is to provide a comprehensive and up to-date document on the pathophysiology, atherogenicity and clinical significance of low density liproproteins (LDL) subclasses. We sub-divided our statement in 2 sections. section I discusses the pathophysiology, atherogenicity and measurement issues, while section II is focused on ...
Oravec Stanislav - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The HDL family forms a protective part of plasma lipoproteins. It consists of large HDL, intermediate HDL, and small HDL subclasses. The large HDL and intermediate HDL subclasses are considered anti-atherogenic parts of the HDL family. The atherogenicity of the small HDL subclass is currently the subject of much ...
Frankish Keith - - 2011
This paper asks whether we can identify a neutral explanandum for theories of phenomenal consciousness, acceptable to all sides. The 'classic' conception of qualia, on which qualia are intrinsic, ineffable, and subjective, will not serve this purpose, but it is widely assumed that a watered-down 'diet' conception will. I argue ...
Uno Kevin T - - 2011
Stable isotope and molecular data suggest that C(4) grasses first appeared globally in the Oligocene. In East Africa, stable isotope data from pedogenic carbonate and fossil tooth enamel suggest a first appearance between 15-10 Ma and subsequent expansion during the Plio-Pleistocene. The fossil enamel record has the potential to provide ...
Liu Zhi Long - - 2011
The screening for insecticidal principles from several Chinese medicinal herbs showed that the ethanol extract of Aconitum episcopale roots possessed significant feeding deterrence against the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum . From the ethanol extract, six feeding deterrents were isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation. The compounds were identified as chasmanine, crassicauline ...
West Delia Smith - - 2011
Clinical experience suggests some individuals begin obesity treatment weighing more than they did at pretreatment assessment. Weight fluctuations between baseline screening and the first treatment session were examined among individuals enrolling in a group behavioral obesity treatment outcome study. Participants (N = 480, 94% female; 28% African American; M BMI ...
Traish Abdulmaged M - - 2011
The role of sex steroid hormones in modulating vascular function in men is of great importance, given that androgen deficiency is strongly associated with common medical conditions including metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis. Testosterone deficiency afflicts approximately 30% of men ages 40-79 years. Testosterone replacement in deficient men ...
Kumada Tomohiro - - 2011
Ten Japanese patients aged 1.5-17years with medication-resistant epilepsy were placed on the modified Atkins diet (MAD) for 3weeks during admission to our hospital. Dietary carbohydrate was restricted to 10g per day. We studied the efficacy of the diet regarding the seizure frequency and tolerability of the diet at the end ...
Geng Zhu Feng - - 2011
The screening of several Chinese medicinal herbs for insecticidal principles showed that Euphorbia fischeriana roots possessed significant feeding deterrent activity against two stored-product insects (Tribolium castaneum and Sitophilus zeamais). From ethanol extract, four feeding deterrents were isolated by bioassay-guided fractionation. The compounds were identified as jolkinolide B, 12-deoxyphorbol 13-(9Z)-octadecenoate 20-acetate, ...
Ragheb Ahmed - - 2011
This descriptive study investigates in a rabbit model of atherosclerosis (i) the extent of atherogenesis induced by cyclosporine A (CsA) or hyperlipidemia alone or in combination and (ii) whether thymoquinone (TQ), a known herbal antioxidant, offers protection against these effects. New Zealand White female rabbits were assigned to five groups ...
Wojczynski Mary K - - 2011
Postprandial lipemia (PPL) is likely a risk factor for cardiovascular disease but these changes have not been well described and characterized in a large cohort. We assessed acute changes in the size and concentration of total and subclasses of LDL, HDL, and VLDL particles in response to a high-fat meal. ...
Houshmand M - - 2010
This experiment was conducted to investigate and compare the efficacy of different feed additives on performance, tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) incidence and tibia characteristics of male broilers fed low-calcium diets. A completely randomized design, with six treatments and five replicates of five chicks per each was used. Experimental treatments were: (i) ...
Bond Andrew R - - 2011
Atherosclerosis has been studied in animals for almost a century, yet the events leading up to the rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque (the underlying cause of the majority of fatal thrombosis formation) have only been studied in the past decade, due in part to the development of a mouse model ...
Kunimasa Kazuhiro - - 2010
1. Atherosclerosis is commonly observed in obesity. Obese atherosclerosis-prone animals may be a promising tool for understanding the pathophysiology of obesity-associated atherosclerosis. However, most rat strains are resistant to atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to assess the susceptibility of two obese hypertensive rat models, namely SHRSP.Z-Lepr(fa) /IzmDmcr ...
Yu Yong-Sheng - - 2010
The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that a small dose of ketanserin, which enhances baroreflex activity, prevents the early lesions of atherosclerosis. In experiment 1, baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) was measured in 31 spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) in a conscious state using a computerized blood pressure monitoring system. ...
Chen Chun-Lin CL Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Doisy Research Center, St. Louis, MO 63104, - - 2011
Dietary trans fats (TFs) have been causally linked to atherosclerosis, but the mechanism by which they cause the disease remains elusive. Suppressed transforming growth factor (TGF)-β responsiveness in aortic endothelium has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in animals with hypercholesterolemia. We investigated the ...
Apostolov Eugene O - - 2010
Carbamylated LDL (cLDL) is a potential atherogenic factor in chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, whether elevated plasma cLDL associates with atherosclerosis in vivo is unknown. Here, we induced CKD surgically in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice fed a high-fat diet to promote the development of atherosclerosis. These mice had two- to ...
Choi Sung-E - - 2010
Endothelial cell dysfunction may play an important role in the development of various vascular diseases, including atherosclerosis. Here we investigated whether lithium chloride (LiCl), an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), could counteract atherosclerosis induced by a high-fat diet in ApoE⁻/⁻ mice. Ten-week-old male mice were randomly divided into four ...
de Vries-van der Weij Jitske - - 2010
Inflammation plays an important role in all stages of atherosclerosis, but little is known about the therapeutic effects of quenching inflammation in already existing atherosclerotic lesions. Putative beneficial effects of salicylate, an inhibitor of NF-κB activation, were studied in mice with established lesions. ApoE*3-Leiden mice received a high-cholesterol diet (HC) ...
Miyoshi Noriaki - - 2010
Novel atherosclerotic lesions were induced in the Microminipig (MMP, registered with the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries as a novel variety of swine), the smallest pig available for experimental use, by feeding a high fat (12%) and high cholesterol (5%) diet (HFCD) with sodium cholate (SC, 0.7%) (HFCD/SC) ...
Nicholls Stephen J - - 2010
Technological advances have enhanced our ability to visualize the entire extent of atherosclerosis within the artery wall. Intravascular ultrasound has enabled characterization of the impact of medical therapies on progression of coronary atherosclerosis. Despite use of established anti-atherosclerotic therapy, cardiovascular disease still remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. ...
Gonzàlez Marta - - 2010
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have accelerated atherosclerosis. Since the conventional lipid profile (total plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, low and high density lipoprotein cholesterol) is not consistently altered in SLE, we hypothesized that investigation of lipoprotein subclasses would improve prediction of risk of atherosclerosis in these patients. As a quantitative ...
Dinani N Jafari - - 2010
Atherosclerosis which results from gradual deposition of lipids in arteries is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Diet is one of the most important factors underlying atherosclerosis. High-cholesterol diets enhance atherosclerosis and vegetarian diets are known to slow down the process. Artemisia aucheri is an herb of the Composite family. ...
Tomkin Gerald H - - 2010
The enormous burden of vascular disease is likely to expand rapidly as sedentary obesity and diabetes increase. Although cholesterol plays a major role in atherosclerosis and LDL is the major carrier of cholesterol in the blood, the importance of the postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in the development of atherosclerosis is gaining ...
Jensen Tor W - - 2010
The pig is a recognized model for the onset of coronary heart disease and heart attacks. Previous studies have shown that serum cholesterol levels in the pig can be elevated using a high fat, high cholesterol (HFHC) diet. What has been lacking is a genetically defined model corresponding to human ...
Homan Reynold - - 2010
Animal models of atherosclerosis are essential to elucidate disease mechanisms and develop new therapies. Each model features advantages and disadvantages in exemplifying the pathophysiology of human atherosclerosis. Diet-induced development of atherosclerosis in Octodon degus (degu) was examined to demonstrate the potential of the degu as a model of human atherosclerosis. ...
Ylöstalo Pekka - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is suggested to enhance the process of vascular inflammation leading to atherosclerosis. The purpose was to study the relation between periodontal infection and subclinical atherosclerosis, and whether this relation is dependent on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the data of a diabetic study, ...
Yang Yoon Jung - - 2010
The relationship between dietary Zn intake and the risk of atherosclerosis remains unclear, and no epidemiological studies have been reported on the effects of dietary Zn intake on morphological changes in the vascular wall. We examined the relationship between dietary Zn intake and common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as a ...
Amit M - - 2010
A well-balanced vegetarian diet can provide for the needs of children and adolescents. However, appropriate caloric intake should be ensured and growth monitored. Particular attention should be paid to adequate protein intake and sources of essential fatty acids, iron, zinc, calcium, and vitamins B(12) and D. Supplementation may be required ...
Stephens Amanda M - - 2010
Human clinical trials have demonstrated the cardiovascular protective properties of peanuts and peanut oil in decreasing total and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) without reducing high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The cardiovascular effects of the nonlipid portion of peanuts has not been evaluated even though that fraction contains arginine, flavonoids, ...
Gorinstein Shela - - 2010
Garlic and white and red varieties of onion were subjected to processing by a variety of culinary methods, and bioactive compounds then determined. For in vivo studies, 84 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 14 diet groups, each of six rats, including two control groups (one with no supplementation ...
Duewell Peter P Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, - - 2010
The inflammatory nature of atherosclerosis is well established but the agent(s) that incite inflammation in the artery wall remain largely unknown. Germ-free animals are susceptible to atherosclerosis, suggesting that endogenous substances initiate the inflammation. Mature atherosclerotic lesions contain macroscopic deposits of cholesterol crystals in the necrotic core, but their appearance ...
Hahn B H BH Division of Rheumatology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2010
Atherosclerosis is accelerated in people with systemic lupus erythematosus, and the presence of dysfunctional, pro-inflammatory high-density lipoproteins is a marker of increased risk. We developed a mouse model of multigenic lupus exposed to environmental factors known to accelerate atherosclerosis in humans - high-fat diet with or without injections of the ...
Alviar Carlos L - - 2010
AIMS: There is little in vivo data in regards to the impact of adventitial neovascularisation on vascular remodelling and plaque composition. Using a porcine model of coronary atherosclerosis, we aimed to determine the impact of adventitial neovascularisation on plaque composition and vascular remodelling evaluated by IVUS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Coronary ...
Guo Hangyuan - - 2010
Our previous study found that Chinese yellow wine could inhibit the production of homocysteine (HCY) induced extracellular matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in the cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells. Little is known about the relationship between Chinese yellow wine and atherosclerosis or MMP-2 in vivo. Thirty-two LDL Receptor knockout mice on ...
Guzm?n Miguel A - - 2010
This paper describes early INCAP studies showing that cholesterol and lipoprotein levels were much lower in the low-income populations of Central America than values that were just beginning to emerge from industrialized countries. These led to the collection of aortas and coronary vessels from 14,610 males and 7,906 females from ...
Bielicki John K JK Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Donner Laboratory, MS1-267, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. - - 2010
Here, we report the creation of a single-helix peptide (ATI-5261) that stimulates cellular cholesterol efflux with K(m) molar efficiency approximating native apolipoproteins. Anti-atherosclerosis activity of ATI-5261 was evaluated in LDLR(-/-) and apolipoprotein (apo)E(-/-) mice approximately 5-7 months of age, following 13-18 weeks on a high-fat Western diet (HFWD). Treatment of ...
Wang S-H - - 2010
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease. Immunomodulation of atherosclerosis emerges as a promising approach to prevention and treatment of this widely prevalent disease. The function of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) to promote reverse cholesterol transport may explain the ability of its protection against atherosclerosis. Findings that HDL and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) ...
Okabe Takafumi - - 2010
To optimize the adequate atherogenic diet composition for nutritional atherosclerosis studies utilizing B6.KOR-Apoe(shl) mice, we investigated the effect of dietary cholesterol, AIN formula, and dietary fats on the development of atherosclerosis. Cholesterol supplementation (0.15-2%) for 12 weeks resulted in a dose-dependent increase in the development of atherosclerosis. Furthermore, there were ...
Chen Zhu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol deposition in arterial wall drives atherosclerosis. The key goal of this study was to examine the relationship between plaque cholesterol content and patient characteristics that typically associate with disease state and lesion vulnerability. Quantitative assays for free cholesterol, cholesteryl ester, triglyceride, and protein markers in atherosclerotic plaque were ...
Riccioni Graziano - - 2010
AIM: An increase in carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) represents an early phase of the atherosclerotic process. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether a reduction in CIMT could be seen with 1-year treatment with rosuvastatin (10 mg/day). METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-five patients with hypercholesterolemia and asymptomatic carotid atherosclerosis ...
Riccioni G - - 2010
Few studies have been conducted on the relationship between antioxidant plasma vitamin concentrations, inflammatory markers and carotid atherosclerosis with inconclusive results in endstage renal disease (ESRD) patients. A case-control study was performed to investigate the relationship between plasma antioxidant concentrations, inflammatory markers, and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in healthy subjects ...
Parthasarathy Sampath - - 2010
Despite clinical evidence that postprandial lipemia and chylomicrons could contribute to atherosclerosis, direct evidence is lacking. The study by Weinstein et al(1) provides evidence to suggest that intact chylomicrons might be atherogenic by using genetically altered mice lacking Gpihbp1 protein, which may play a major role in the lipolysis of ...
Pang Jinjiang - - 2010
Growth hormone-releasing peptides (GHRP) and ghrelin are synthetic and natural ligands of growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR) respectively and are shown to exert protective actions on cardiac dysfunction. Because ghrelin has been reported to inhibit proinflammatory responses in human endothelium and GHSR has been identified in blood vessels, we hypothesized ...
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