Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 647
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Yamada T - - 1992
Pathomorphologic analysis was employed to evaluate diet-induced atherosclerosis in cynomolgus monkey aorta and regression by administration of a hypolipidemic agent for six months after the atherogenic ration. Twenty-seven male cynomolgus monkeys were divided into three groups. Group A was fed individually with a high-fat diet containing 0.3% cholesterol under identical ...
Moran J - - 1992
Delmopinol has been considered as a potential agent for the chemical control of plaque. The aims of these studies were to measure the effects of a 0.2% delmopinol hydrochloride mouthrinse on (1) plaque reformation and (2) salivary bacterial counts. Comparisons were made with a 0.2% chlorhexidine rinse and a placebo ...
Green N J - - 1992
Different positions of segmental lesions within glomeruli may correspond to different pathogenetic mechanisms. The effect of a high cholesterol diet on the position of lesions had not previously been investigated. This was studied in rats following unilateral nephrectomy, as a change in position would suggest a different mechanism of damage. ...
Steinberg L M - - 1992
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of xylitol and sorbitol sweetened chewing gums on plaque accumulation, gingival inflammation and remineralizing potential of plaque following six weeks of use. Twenty-eight consenting individuals were randomly assigned to each of three phases (six weeks in duration) consisting of chewing ...
Ryu J E - - 1992
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It has been suggested that a postprandial accumulation of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins promotes the development of atherosclerosis. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that postprandial lipemia is independently associated with intima-media thickening of the extracranial carotid arteries. METHODS: Forty-seven middle-aged, moderately hypercholesterolemic individuals were recruited for ...
Dutra-de-Oliveira J E - - 1992
It is accepted that atherosclerosis begins early in life and will develop over several years. The type of diet fed to young rats and other mammals plays a role in the regulation of adult lipid homeostasis. Foods vary in fatty acid content. The importance of diet on lipid profile has ...
Sparrow C P - - 1992
The oxidative modification of low density lipoprotein (LDL) may play an important role in atherosclerosis. We found that the antioxidant N,N'-diphenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (DPPD) inhibits in vitro LDL oxidation at concentrations much lower than other reported antioxidants. To test whether DPPD could prevent atherosclerosis, New Zealand White rabbits were fed either a ...
Dhawan V - - 1992
The present study evaluated indomethacin therapy--a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug--on experimental hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis in Rhesus monkeys. Twenty-four monkeys were divided randomly into four groups of six. Two groups received stock pellet diet and two were given an atherogenic diet for six months. After this period, one stock diet-fed group and ...
Verlangieri A J - - 1992
Prevention and regression of induced atherosclerosis by d-alpha-tocopherol was investigated in 24 male M. fascicularis. One group received a basal diet, while three others consumed an atherogenic diet. Two of the latter groups also received tocopherol, one at the onset of the study (prevention) and the other after atherosclerosis was ...
Padgett R C - - 1992
Activation of leukocytes in vivo produces marked constriction of large arteries in atherosclerotic, but not in normal, monkeys. We tested the hypotheses that vasoconstrictor responses to activated leukocytes in vivo may be abnormal during hypercholesterolemia before the development of atherosclerotic lesions and that responses may return to normal after the ...
Zarins C K - - 1992
We explored the relationship between regression of diet-induced atherosclerosis and aneurysmal enlargement of the aorta in cynomolgus monkeys. Atherosclerotic plaques were induced in 17 monkeys by feeding them a diet containing 2% cholesterol and 25% peanut oil for 6 months (group I, n = 6; group III, n = 6) ...
Dhaunsi G S - - 1992
Aortic lysosomal enzyme activities have been evaluated in relation to the extent and severity of aortic atherosclerosis in rhesus monkeys to see the biochemical and pathological effects of renal hypertension in experimental atherogenesis. The frequency and size of atherosclerotic plaques in aortas of atherogenic diet fed and/or hypertensive monkeys were ...
Kadowaki M H - - 1991
Hypercholesterolemia and thrombosis have been implicated as factors in the development of atherosclerosis. Fibrinopeptide B (FPB) is a short chain peptide cleaved from fibrinogen during the production of fibrin. FPB is a known chemoattractant and has been shown to produce experimental atherosclerotic lesions in association with hypercholesterolemia. The present study ...
Williams J K - - 1991
BACKGROUND: Four sets of monkeys were used to examine the effect of chronic psychosocial disruption and diet on dilator responses of coronary arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS: One set consisted of monkeys consuming monkey chow and living in a stable social setting (nonatherosclerotic controls, n = 6). Three sets consumed an ...
Stewart-Phillips J L - - 1991
In recent years the C57BL/6J mouse has gained popularity as a model for studying the genetics of diet-induced atherosclerosis. After 10-20 weeks of consuming a diet enriched with saturated fat and cholesterol, it develops fatty streak-like lesions in the valve sinus region of the ascending aorta. The current study shows ...
Xu C P - - 1991
To assess the effect of hypertension on diet-induced coronary artery plaques after a return to a nonatherogenic diet, 10 cynomolgus monkeys were fed an induction regimen containing 2% cholesterol and 25% peanut oil for 6 months and then were subjected to midthoracic aortic coarctation to induce hypertension. The animals were ...
Lata S - - 1991
Oral administration of petroleum ether extract of Allium sativum, Allium cepa and ethylacetate extract of Commiphora mukul in albino rats significantly prevented rise in serum cholesterol and serum triglyceride level, caused by atherogenic diet. All the three agents were also found to confer significant protection against atherogenic diet induced atherosclerosis.
Fincham J E - - 1991
Prolonged testing of marine fish oil (FO) as a dietary supplement is necessary because of widespread claims that it is antiatherogenic. The basis for such claims is inadequate because atherogenesis is chronic and may not respond to short-term changes induced by dietary treatments. A proven (vervet) model of atherosclerosis promoted ...
Farrar D J - - 1991
We noninvasively measured changes in average aortic stiffness in 79 cynomolgus monkeys being fed cholesterol progression, regression, and control diets by measuring pulse wave velocity (PWV) in 260 experiments during a 30-month period. Every 6 months, a group of monkeys was studied with invasive aortic PWV techniques and with ultrasonically ...
Kobari Y - - 1991
The regression of diet-induced atherosclerosis in Göttingen Miniature Swine was investigated after a 6-month induction period. At 1 month after feeding a high-cholesterol and high-fat diet, levels of beta-lipoprotein, total cholesterol, free fatty acids and phospholipid had increased rapidly and the high levels were maintained throughout the 6 month induction ...
McGrath L T - - 1991
The smooth muscle cell invasion and macrophage stimulation within the intima during prolonged exposure to high blood levels of cholesterol esters contribute to increased production of connective tissue matrix. The thickened intima in turn immobilising more LDL derived lipid from the plasma. With damage to the internal elastic lamellae, from ...
Teixeira F - - 1991
New Zealand White rabbits fed a low-level cholesterol-enriched diet (0.1%) were used to study and characterize a possible model of experimental atherogenesis. For the determination of the degree of atherosclerosis, more consistent and reproducible morphometric methods were used. Simultaneously the influence of plasma cholesterol levels on vascular noradrenaline content was ...
Blankenhorn D H - - 1991
The 2-year therapy effect on femoral atherosclerosis was evaluated in the Cholesterol Lowering Atherosclerosis Study (CLAS), a randomized, placebo-plus-diet-controlled angiographic trial of colestipol-niacin therapy plus diet in men with previous coronary bypass surgery. Different diet compositions were prescribed to enhance the differential in blood cholesterol responses between the two groups. ...
Murase T - - 1991
Does chylomicronemia cause atherosclerosis? To directly address this clinically important problem, we conducted experiments in guinea pigs which lack apolipoprotein CII and develop chylomicronemia when they are fed a high-fat diet. After 6-12 months on a high-fat diet, guinea pigs were sacrificed, and subjected to histopathological and ultrastructural examination. Both ...
Peng S K - - 1991
Cholesterol in the diet can readily autoxidize and be absorbed and transported in plasma lipoproteins. Cholesterol oxides can also be endogenously produced in tissues via free-radical-induced reactions. Some cholesterol oxides, notably cholestane-3 beta, 5 alpha, 6 beta-triol and 25-hydroxycholesterol, have been shown to cause injury to vascular endothelial and smooth ...
Nikkari S T - - 1991
The descending thoracic and abdominal aortas of normal and hypercholesterolemic Golden Syrian hamsters were examined with transmission electron microscopy and immunofluorescence microscopy. Serum cholesterol distribution in lipoproteins was determined by gradient ultracentrifugation. Luminal surfaces appeared free of lesions and no intimal thickening or foam cells were seen. The main rise ...
Chang Y S - - 1991
The contents of three species of proteoglycans (PGs), heparan sulfate PG(HSPG), chondroitin sulfate PG(CSPG) and dermatan sulfate chondroitin sulfate PG(DSCSPG), in human thoracic aortas of subjects from districts of high (Beijin, in North China) and low (Nanning, in South China) prevalence of atherosclerosis in China were quantitated. Higher aortic HSPG ...
Chung B H - - 1991
None of more widely accepted theories of atherogenesis can explain all the more pertinent features of atherosclerosis: a) foam dell formation; b) endothelial cell stress/injury; c) protective effect of HDL; d) atherogenicity of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins; e) the vesicular nature of early lipid deposits in atherosclerosis, f) dissociation of diet risk ...
Sharda N - - 1991
The study was undertaken in normal and vasectomized monkeys to elucidate the relationship of circulating immune complexes and platelet aggregability with experimental aortic and coronary atherosclerosis. Four groups of animals, viz. sham-vasectomized stock diet fed, vasectomized stock diet fed, sham-vasectomized atherogenic diet fed, were studied for a period of 1 ...
Adams M R - - 1990
A nonhuman primate model was developed to study the effects of oral contraceptives on lipoproteins and atherosclerosis. Cynomolgus macaques were selected because of their susceptibility to diet-induced atherosclerosis and because their reproductive physiology, menstrual cycle, and circulating sex hormone patterns are similar to those of human females. The first study ...
Sun L G - - 1990
Extracts of snake venom have been widely used for the treatment of vascular thrombotic diseases, yet the therapeutic mechanism is not clear. The effect of snake venom fractions on atherosclerosis in Japanese quail was studied. The venom of Agkistrodon halys was fractionated by DEAE-cellulose chromatography and the pooled protein fractions ...
Yamaguchi Y - - 1990
A mouse model of atherosclerosis was produced by feeding a 1.5% cholesterol diet with 0.4% beta-aminopropionitrile (BAPN) fumarate, a chemical lathyrogen, for 10 weeks, and the pharmacological sensitivity and specificity of this model were evaluated biochemically with various hypolipidemic drugs and calcium antagonists. Histological findings on this model showed typical ...
Penn A - - 1990
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for nearly half the deaths, yearly, in the United States. The arterio(athero)sclerotic plaque is the principal lesion of CVD. The White Carneau (WC) pigeon is an animal model that has been employed extensively for studying CVD. Cholesterol (CHOL) feeding aggravates atherosclerosis in WC pigeons greater than ...
Zarins C K - - 1990
To determine whether aneurysms form in experimental diet-induced atherosclerosis, we reviewed our experience with cynomolgus monkeys (n = 268) and rhesus monkeys (n = 175) fed an atherogenic diet for various lengths of time. Many animals in long-term experiments were fed "regression" diets and cholestyramine to lower cholesterol levels after ...
Schuschke D A - - 1990
The progressive microcirculatory changes caused by hypercholesterolemia were studied in the rat cremaster model by use of intravital microscopy. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either a normal chow diet or a chow diet supplemented with 1% cholesterol and 0.5% cholic acid for 1, 3, or 5 wk before experimentation. After ...
Sassen L M - - 1990
To investigate the effect of diltiazem on the development of atherosclerosis, 15 pigs were fed a fat-poor basal diet to which 8% (w/w) lard fat and 2% (w/w) cholesterol were added for 8 months. To enhance the formation of atherosclerotic plaques endothelium of the aorta and the left anterior descending ...
Ratterree M S - - 1990
Scurvy was diagnosed in 19 rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) and four squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) from a colony of nonhuman primates maintained on a commercial diet. Signs of weakness, reluctance to move, gingival hemorrhage, bruising, proximal and distal metaphyseal fractures, weight loss and anemia appeared in juvenile and young adult ...
Clarkson T B - - 1990
Studies of both human and nonhuman primates show an inverse relationship between high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentrations and coronary artery atherosclerosis. For this reason, there has been concern that the HDL cholesterol-lowering effect of oral contraceptives might exacerbate coronary artery atherosclerosis. We studied three groups of adult female cynomolgus macaques ...
Day C E - - 1990
Young, male, SEA (Susceptible to Experimental Atherosclerosis) Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) were fed an atherogenic diet consisting of yellow corn meal and soybean meal supplemented with 2% cholesterol and 1% cholic acid. A control group of ten animals was fed the atherogenic diet for eight weeks, and another group ...
Kuzuya F - - 1990
To evaluate the involvement of the complement system in atherogenesis, we investigated the effect of camostat mesilate (CM), C1r, and C1 esterase inhibitor on cholesterol-induced atherosclerosis in rabbits. We also examined the effect of sodium dextran sulfate (DS, molecular weight: 7000), which is reported to be effective in preventing arteriosclerotic ...
Aberg G - - 1990
A study was performed to investigate if oral dosing of captopril could influence the development of atherosclerosis in cholesterol-fed cynomolgus monkeys. Twenty-four monkeys were divided into four groups: (a) a control group given a normal monkey diet and placebo medication; (b) a high cholesterol group given a high cholesterol diet ...
Richard M J - - 1990
1. Young goats were used to study factors contributing to atherosclerosis. 2. Cholesterol in egg yolk affected plasma cholesterol concentration more than did a similar amount of crystalline cholesterol in the diet. 3. Goats fed high fat diets developed fatty lesions in their aortas. 4. Cholesterol concentration in low-density lipoprotein ...
Ertepinar H - - 1990
In order to determine the effect of drag reducing polymers on the occurrence of atherosclerosis, the Guinea pigs were used as the experimental animals. The inhibitory effect of a drag reducing polymer (polyacrylamide) on atherosclerosis in the aortas of Guinea pigs on a high cholesterol diet (2%) was investigated over ...
Sima A - - 1990
The evolution of coronary atherosclerotic lesions induced by a hyperlipidemic diet was examined in male hamsters subjected for up to 40 weeks to a standard chow supplemented with 3% cholesterol and 15% butter. Control animals were fed standard chow only. Five to seven hamsters were monthly sacrificed and investigated for ...
Ostlund-Lindqvist A M - - 1989
The purpose of the present study was to characterize possible effects of dietary-induced plasma lipid elevations on the development of arterial lesions in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and to reveal any influence of treatment with metoprolol on these parameters. Metoprolol treatment caused an 8% decrease in heart rate and a ...
Sassen L M - - 1989
Atherosclerosis was induced in 13 Yorkshire pigs (4 weeks; 7-10 kg) by endothelial balloon denudation of the aorta and left anterior descending coronary artery and a diet containing 2% (wt/wt) of cholesterol, 8% (wt/wt) of lard fat and 0.5% (wt/wt) of bile acids. After 8 months 7 animals (group I) ...
Mendelsohn D D Department of Chemical Pathology, School of Pathology, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 1989
Twenty-seven vervet monkeys were placed on a 'normal' South African diet (polyunsaturated/saturated (P/S) ratio 0.28) for 24 months. Nine animals were then sacrificed to obtain a baseline for percentage atheroma in the aorta and iliac vessels (15.7 +/- 3.6%). The remaining animals were divided into two equal groups. Group A ...
Weingand K W - - 1989
This report describes a new animal model of postprandial hyperinsulinemia (PPH) in adult miniature swine that consume a diet simulating that of affluent Western societies. Two progressive levels of PPH were induced experimentally by injecting subcutaneously low and high doses of purified porcine insulin without causing acute detrimental clinical effects ...
Sassen L M - - 1989
In 35 pigs atherosclerosis was induced by balloon abrasion and a diet containing 2% (w/w) cholesterol and 7% (w/w) lard fat. After 4 months of induction nine animals were killed (I) for analysis of the extent of atherosclerosis, while the diet of the other 26 pigs was changed to a ...
Nunnari J J - - 1989
A technique is described which provides morphologic and quantitative data on the amount of oil red O (ORO) staining in thoracic aortas of rats fed a high cholesterol diet. Samples are stained with ORO, the dye is extracted, and the concentration of ORO in the extract is measured colorimetrically. Wistar ...
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