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Results 301 - 350 of 647
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Miyazaki M M Department of Pharmacology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, - - 1999
We investigated the effects of 6 months' treatment with the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor alacepril, given in low (100 mg/kg/d, p.o.) and high (200 mg/kg/d, p.o.) doses, on the development of atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta of monkeys fed a high-cholesterol diet for 6 mo. Mean blood pressures in the ...
Futterman L G - - 1999
The proposal that antioxidants may retard the progression of atherosclerosis is not new. Published studies examining the effect of antioxidants on experimental antioxidants extend back to 1940. The results have all been inconsistent. However, the data regarding the beneficial effects of retarding atherosclerotic progression are strong enough to warrant continued ...
Gijbels M J - - 1999
Apolipoprotein E3-Leiden (APOE3-Leiden) transgenic mice develop hyperlipidemia and are highly susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerosis. We have studied the progression and regression of atherosclerosis using immunohistochemistry. Female transgenic mice were fed a moderate fat diet to study atherosclerosis over a longer time period. Fatty streaks arose in the intima and consisted ...
Lee C S - - 1999
Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) can inhibit experimental atherosclerosis in animals. Although the agent is an antioxidant, the exact mechanism of the reaction in atherosclerosis is still unknown. To investigate the effects of BHT on expression of P-selectin (PADGEM, GMP-140), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and class II MHC (Ia) antigen, we proposed ...
Nishizono S - - 1999
A study was carried out to establish an animal model that would be suitable for evaluating the role of the diet in immune cell-mediated atherogenesis. Brown Norway rats were initially treated with hypervitamin D2 for 4 days and then fed on an atherogenic diet for 3 months, during which period ...
Hasdai D - - 1999
The altered coronary vasoactivity detected in experimental hypercholesterolemia before lesion formation is presumably due to an imbalance between vasodilating and vasoconstricting factors. Apoptosis, which has been previously described in advanced atherosclerosis, is modulated by vascular derived peptides with vasoactive properties. We hypothesized that coronary apoptosis occurs in experimental hypercholesterolemia prior ...
Sharma N - - 1999
Atherosclerosis has been known for many years, yet its etiology remains unknown. Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. The mechanism by which it triggers endothelial injury is not known. Since the role of the antioxidant vitamin E on experimental atherosclerosis is inconsistent, the present study was undertaken to ...
Fan Y Y - - 1999
Data from our in vitro studies indicate that macrophages isolated from mice fed GLA-enriched diets inhibit vascular SMC proliferation via a PGE1-cAMP dependent mechanism. Since SMC proliferation is one of the main events implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (Ross, 1993), this anti-proliferative effect observed by dietary GLA is noteworthy. ...
Pedersen H S - - 1999
Greenlanders (Eskimos) have low prevalence of ischaemic heart disease, partly explained by a lower extent of atherosclerosis and a low n-6/n-3 ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids. As atherosclerosis is also a result of oxidative stress, the total antioxidative readiness could have a substantial impact. From a health survey we chose ...
Hoekstra K A - - 1998
Japanese quail of a strain (SUS) susceptible to dietary cholesterol-induced atherosclerosis were fed a diet supplemented with cholesterol (0.5% w/w) for 4, 8 or 12 weeks. Plasma cholesterol increased significantly from 240-1550 mg/dl at 4 weeks and remained at that concentration for 8 and 12 weeks on the same diet. ...
Dinkelborg L M - - 1998
Endothelins have been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and restenosis. The aim of this study was to characterize the potential of an endothelin derivative labeled with 99mTc for imaging experimental atherosclerosis in vivo. METHODS: Atherosclerosis was induced by balloon denudation of the infrarenal aorta in eight New Zealand white ...
Nicoletti A - - 1998
Atherosclerosis is associated with immune activation. T cells and macrophages infiltrate atherosclerotic plaques and disease progression is associated with formation of autoantibodies to oxidized lipoproteins. In the apo E knockout mouse, a genetic model of cholesterol-induced atherosclerosis, congenital deficiency of macrophages, lymphocytes, or interferon-gamma receptors result in reduced lesion formation. ...
Kwon H M - - 1998
Atherosclerosis is the most severe problem in the high-pressure systemic circulation and similar changes also occur in the high-pressure loading valve. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that early atherosclerosis, induced by a high cholesterol diet in rabbits, is characterized by significant ultrastructural change in the elastic laminae ...
Kwon H M - - 1998
The internal elastic lamina (IEL) serves as a barrier for cells and macromolecules migration between the intima and the media in the vascular wall. Several investigators have reported internal elastic lamina ultrastructural changes in elastic arteries with atherosclerosis. However, no quantitative and qualitative assessment of the internal elastic lamina architecture ...
Register T C - - 1998
The objective of this study was to determine the arterial responses to plasma lipid lowering alone or in combination with (1) estrogen replacement therapy or (2) hormone replacement therapy in surgically postmenopausal female monkeys with preexisting atherosclerosis. Eighty-eight female cynomolgus macaques were ovariectomized, fed an atherogenic diet for 24 months, ...
Yuan Y V - - 1998
Increasing the energy value of diets with dietary fat, particularly fats rich in saturated fatty acids, can result in the elevation of plasma total and lipoprotein cholesterol. In the present study, experimental diets were designed to examine the effects of increasing the energy content of diets with a saturated fat ...
Staprans I - - 1998
Oxidized lipoproteins may play a role in atherosclerosis. Recently, we have demonstrated that the levels of oxidized fatty acids in the circulation correlate directly with the quantity of oxidized fatty acids in the diet and that dietary oxidized fatty acids accelerate atherosclerosis in rabbits. The present study tests the hypothesis ...
Ormrod D J - - 1998
Chitosan, the deacetylated form of chitin, is extracted from the shells of crustaceans. The strong positive charge carried by the chitosan molecule causes it to bind negatively charged substrates such as lipids. Orally administered chitosan binds fat in the intestine, blocking absorption, and has been shown to lower blood cholesterol ...
Song K - - 1998
Antiatherogenic effects of imidapril and involvement of renin angiotensin system were examined in experimental atherosclerosis induced by feeding a high-cholesterol diet to Cynomolgus monkeys. Eighteen male monkeys were divided into three groups and placed under (1) normal diet (normal group), (2) high-cholesterol diet (control group), (3) high-cholesterol diet with imidapril ...
LaRosa J C - - 1998
We should regard the so-called cholesterol "controversy" as resolved. Elevated cholesterol levels cause coronary disease and probably are an essential ingredient for the development of atherosclerosis. Elevated cholesterol levels should be a cause for concern. From a public health point of view, the ultimate treatment of atherosclerosis will depend on ...
Velleman S G - - 1998
The temporal and spatial distribution and relative concentration of the proteoglycan glycosaminoglycan component were studied during the progression of atherosclerosis in the systemic arteries of Japanese quail selected for cholesterol induced atherosclerosis (CIA). The CIA quail were placed on either control or 0.5% added cholesterol diets at 3 months of ...
Hammad S M - - 1998
The proportions of plasma high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol have been linked to inherited tendency for atherosclerosis in humans. Studies were conducted with Japanese quail males from lines genetically selected for high and low TC and a randombred (unselected) control line that were fed 0.0 or 0.5% cholesterol for ...
Hodis H N - - 1998
AIMS: To present data from the Cholesterol Lowering Atherosclerosis Study (CLAS) and the Monitored Atherosclerosis Regression Study (MARS) demonstrating the relationship between triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and progression of atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: CLAS and MARS were randomized, placebo-controlled, arterial imaging trials designed to determine the effects of lipid lowering on the ...
Prasad K - - 1998
Flaxseed (Type I flaxseed) with 51-55% alpha-linolenic acid in its oil and richest source of plant lignans, has been shown to reduce hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis by 46% without lowering serum lipids. Antiatherogenic activity was claimed to be due to its alpha-linolenic acid and/or lignan content. If alpha-linolenic acid component of flaxseed ...
Yokozawa T - - 1998
The atherogenic index was found to be significantly better in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet supplemented with black tea extract than in the ones not given the extract. It was also evident that black tea inhibited the proliferation of smooth muscle cells involved in the development and progression of atherosclerosis, ...
Yaqoob P - - 1998
Consumption of diets rich in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) has been linked with a low prevalence of atherosclerosis and there has been great interest in the effects of MUFAs on lipoprotein metabolism. Less attention has been paid to the effects of MUFAs on the immune system, yet cells of the ...
Sarrel P M - - 1998
A review of the literature of androgen actions affecting the circulatory system indicates early enthusiasm for use of testosterone in cardiac patients, subsequent disenchantment with androgens due to negative effects on lipid metabolism, and recent renewed interest as new technologies and understandings of the cardio-protective effects of estrogens has led ...
Fincham J E - - 1998
Atherosclerosis in Vervet or African Green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) models the morphology and cytology of the disease of humans, and it is well established that the rate of atherogenesis in Vervets is influenced by diet. Aortic intimal concentrations of lipids and phospholipids known to be major components of atheromas were ...
Kramsch D M - - 1997
Treatment of atherosclerosis has focused mainly on decreasing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). However, recent coronary angiography trials have revealed that aggressive lowering of LDL-C below 100 mg/dl arrests atherosclerosis progression in only 50% to 60% of patients. Furthermore, with quantitative coronary angiography, significant regression occurred only in advanced fibrous-fatty plaques ...
Yuan Y V - - 1997
The Japanese quail has been used as a model of human atherosclerosis to investigate the mechanisms underlying the development of vascular lesions, i.e. hyperlipoproteinaemia and impaired endogenous antioxidant status. In the present study, Japanese quail were fed on semi-purified diets containing butter, beef tallow or soyabean-oil blends, with either 0.5 ...
Ginzinger D G - - 1997
The domestic cat has not been used in studies of atherosclerosis, with the exception of a single study published in 1970. We have further evaluated the susceptibility of the domestic cat to diet-induced atherosclerosis, the ultimate intent being to discern the atherogenic risk due to lipoprotein lipase deficiency in an ...
Nishizawa Y - - 1997
Cardiovascular motality is high in patients with chronic renal failure treated with dialysis, and secondary hyperparathyroidism may promote atherosclerogenesis. Recent studies have revealed advanced atherosclerosis in hemodialysis patients by using high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography. Multiple regression analyses indicated that hyperphosphatemia and hyperparathyroidism were associated with increased intima-media thickness (IMT) of the ...
Finking G - - 1997
The cholesterol-fed rabbit is a widely used model for experimental atherosclerosis research. In regard to this, one name is periodically mentioned: Nikolaj Nikolajewitsch Anitschkow. Those infrequent reminders of an important name in modern medical history do not pay an adequate tribute to basic findings concerning the pathology and pathogenesis of ...
Manuck S B - - 1997
It has been hypothesized that atherogenesis is accelerated among individuals who exhibit heightened cardiovascular reactions to psychologic stress. We have reported previously that the coronary atherosclerosis of cholesterol-fed, male and reproductively intact (premenopausal) female cynomolgus monkeys was exacerbated in animals that experienced the largest heart rate (HR) reactions to a ...
Tribble D L - - 1997
Studies in vitro have shown that copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) inhibits a number of events putatively involved in atherogenesis, including cell-mediated oxidation of LDL. To investigate whether increased activity of CuZn-SOD reduces atherogenesis in vivo, we examined diet-induced fatty streak formation in CuZn-SOD transgenic mice (n = 24) as compared ...
Rudel L L - - 1997
Comparative studies of diet responsiveness have carried out in five different old world primate species, including African green, stumptail, rhesus, patas, and cynomolgus monkeys. The dietary variables examined were level of cholesterol (0.03 and 0.8 mg cholesterol/kcal) and type of fat (enriched in saturated vs. n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids). In ...
Prasad K - - 1997
Oxygen free radicals (OFRs) have been implicated in the development of hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis. Flax seed is the richest source of omega-3 fatty acid and lignans. omega-3 Fatty acid suppresses the production of interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4), and of OFRs by polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) and ...
Cheng K M - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To estimate, in male quail susceptible to atherosclerotic plaque formation (SUS) fed a regular diet and an atherogenic diet, the genetic and phenotypic parameters associated with antioxidant enzymes and atherogenesis. DESIGN: Genetic parameters were estimated from variance components of the analysis of variance on 70 males from 13 full-sib ...
Raicu M - - 1997
The effect of two angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, enalapril maleate and captopril, on the progression of atherosclerosis was investigated. Golden Syrian hamsters were divided into five groups: controls (C), fed a standard chow diet; hypercholesterolemic animals (HH) induced by supplementing the diet with 3% cholesterol and 15% butter; HH ...
Iribarren C - - 1997
Oxidative modification of LDL is believed to be a crucial step in atherosclerosis. Thus, antioxidant vitamins may have a role in the prevention of coronary disease. We examined the cross-sectional association of serum vitamin levels, the susceptibility of LDL to hemin-induced oxidation (lag phase to conjugated diene formation), and the ...
Vinitha R - - 1997
Tamoxifen, a non-steroidal anti-oestrogen, is used in the treatment of breast cancer, both receptor positive and negative tumours. It also possesses weak oestrogenic activity which forms the basis of this study. Tamoxifen (2 different dosages) was administered through diet (10 mg/kg diet and 20 mg/kg diet) to experimental atherosclerosis induced ...
Williams J K - - 1997
Estrogen replacement therapy reduces the risk of coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women and inhibits progression of coronary artery atherosclerosis in monkeys. Tamoxifen is a nonsteroidal compound with mixed estrogen agonist and antagonist properties. Its antagonist activity is useful in chemotherapy of breast cancer and may have protective effects on ...
Njenga M K - - 1996
In our previous studies of the early pathogenesis of the Marek's disease virus (MDV)-associated model of atherosclerosis, the brachiocephalic arteries and ascending aortas of MDV-inoculated chickens failed to develop lipid accretion and intimal/medial proliferation consistent with atherosclerotic lesions, as described in the original reports of this model. The role of ...
Benlian P - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Patients with lipoprotein lipase deficiency usually present with chylomicronemia in childhood. The syndrome has been considered nonatherogenic primarily because of the low levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. We prospectively evaluated patients with lipoprotein lipase deficiency for atherosclerosis. METHODS: Evidence of carotid, peripheral, and coronary atherosclerosis was sought in ...
Regnström J - - 1996
The Probucol Quantitative Regression Swedish Trial (PQRST) investigated the effect of the lipid lowering and antioxidant drug probucol on the development of atherosclerosis in humans. 303 hypercholesterolemic patients were randomized to receive either probucol or placebo, in combination with dietary advice and cholestyramine for a three-year period. Probucol was not ...
Kruse R - - 1996
Glycosaminoglycans are regular constituents of the arterial wall and essential for its structure and function. The arteriosclerosis-dependent changes of glycosaminoglycans were investigated, the degree of arteriosclerosis was monitored by the cholesterol content of the tissue. Histological characterization was achieved by electron microscopy. Total glycosaminoglycans were isolated from 33 delipidated segments ...
Anwaar I - - 1996
Nitric oxide (NO) exerts its vasodilator and antiaggregatory effects through activation of soluble guanylate cyclase and the consequent increase in the concentration of cGMP in target cells. We conducted this study in order to evaluate relationships between intraplatelet cGMP levels and risk factors for atherosclerosis in middle aged subjects. Intraplatelet ...
Thorpe P E - - 1996
To investigate whether atherosclerotic vascular disease in the microswine model can be induced by atherogenic diet alone and does not require balloon injury or endothelial denudation as widely stated in the literature, 28 female Yucatan microswine were fed a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet, including 2% sodium cholate, for an average of ...
Groot P H - - 1996
Transgenic mice overexpressing the human dysfunctional apolipoprotein E variant, APOE*3 Leiden, develop hyperlipidemia and are highly susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerosis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of diet composition and feeding period on serum cholesterol exposure and the amount of atherosclerosis in the aortic sinus in these mice, ...
Lentz S R - - 1996
Elevated plasma homocyst(e)ine may predispose to complications of vascular disease. Homocysteine alters vasomotor regulatory and anticoagulant properties of cultured vascular endothelial cells, but little is known about effects of hyperhomocyst(e)inemia on vascular function in vivo. We tested the hypothesis that diet-induced moderate hyperhomocyst(e)inemia is associated with vascular dysfunction in cynomolgus ...
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