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Auger Cyril - - 2005
The effects of a white wine enriched with polyphenols (PEWW) from Chardonnay grapes and of a sparkling red wine (SRW) from Pinot Noir and Chardonnay grapes were studied for the first time on early atherosclerosis in hamsters. Animals were fed an atherogenic diet for 12 weeks. They received by force-feeding ...
Martinello F - - 2006
Dietary modifications may significantly reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, including cholesterol and atherosclerosis. The present study addressed the effects of the crude extract from the pulp fruit of Tamarindus indica L. on lipid serum levels and early atherosclerotic lesions in hypercholesterolemic hamsters in vivo, and the extract's antioxidant action, ...
Okabe Taka-aki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although immunoglobulin treatment, beginning simultaneously with the initiation of atherosclerosis, suppresses experimental atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, it remains unclear whether the treatment at a subsequent stage of atherosclerosis would be effective. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experimental atherosclerosis was induced in mice fed a high-fat diet containing 0.3% cholesterol. After ...
Olszanecki R - - 2005
It is widely appreciated that inflammation and oxidant stress contribute to atherogenesis. Curcumin, a polyphenolic natural compound has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant actions. We hypothesized that curcumin could inhibit the development of atherosclerosis in the apoE/LDLR-double knockout mice fed with Western diet (21% fat, 0.15% cholesterol w/w, ...
Reardon Catherine A - - 2006
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are thought to influence plasma lipid levels, atherosclerosis, and the immune system. In this study, we fed male LDL receptor deficient (LDLR(-/-)) mice and immune incompetent LDLR(-/-) RAG2(-/-) mice diets containing predominantly saturated fats (milk fat) or PUFA (safflower oil) to determine if the response to ...
Conley Robert R RR Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, 21228, - - 2005
This study evaluated body mass index, body surface area, subcutaneous fat tissue, and coronary atherosclerosis by autopsy reports for people with schizophrenia who were deceased to evaluate the presence of cardiac atherosclerosis and its association with body weight. Included in the study were autopsy reports for 134 people with schizophrenia ...
Thorbjornsdottir Perla - - 2005
Complement is known to be activated in atherosclerotic lesions, but the importance of this event in disease pathology is a matter of debate. Studies of rabbits fed a high-fat diet have indicated complement activation as a rate-limiting step, whereas results from genetically modified mouse strains (ApoE-/- or LDLR-/-) have failed ...
von Eynatten Maximilian - - 2005
Adiponectin may play a role in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, dyslipidemia and coronary artery disease. Thus, adiponectin administration diminishes atherosclerotic burden in experimental mouse models and high plasma adiponectin concentrations are associated with lower risk of myocardial infarction in men. Dyslipidemia is the strongest risk factor for coronary artery disease. ...
Takai Shinji S Department of Pharmacology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki City, Osaka 569-8686, Japan. - - 2005
Aldosterone may be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We investigated the effect of eplerenone, a selective mineralocorticoid receptor blocker, on atherosclerosis in monkeys fed a high-cholesterol diet. Monkeys fed a high-cholesterol diet for 9 months were divided into 3 groups: those treated with a low dose of eplerenone (30 ...
Cham B E - - 2005
Cholesterol is a major component of atherosclerotic plaques. Cholesterol accumulation within the arterial intima and atherosclerotic plaques is determined by the difference of cellular cholesterol synthesis and/or influx from apo B-containing lipoproteins and cholesterol efflux. In humans, apo A-1 Milano infusion has led to rapid regression of atherosclerosis in coronary ...
Takai Shinji - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the regressive effect of an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) on already formed fatty streaks, we investigated the effect of the administration of an ARB, olmesartan, on formed fatty streaks in monkeys fed a high-cholesterol diet. METHODS: After the monkeys were fed a high-cholesterol diet ...
Strömberg Ingrid - - 2005
Neuroinflammation plays a critical role in loss of dopamine neurons during brain injury and in neurodegenerative diseases. Diets enriched in foods with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions may modulate this neuroinflammation. The model of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) injected into the dorsal striatum of normal rats, causes a progressive loss of dopamine neurons ...
Park K - - 2005
Although rats have been widely used in evaluating various causes of vasculogenic erectile dysfunction (VED), the atherosclerotic rat model has seldom been tried probably due to its inherent tolerance to a cholesterol diet. To enhance endothelial sensitivity to cholesterol diet, we tested the effects of transient interruption of nitric oxide ...
Williams Kevin Jon - - 2005
Subendothelial retention of apoB-lipoproteins is the key initiating event in atherosclerosis, provoking a cascade of pathogenic responses. Dissection of the molecular participants provides fresh insight into how this major killer might be reversed. Efflux of harmful lipids derived from retained lipoproteins may be crucial in promoting beneficial remodeling of lesions.
Tiefenbacher Stefan - - 2005
The spontaneous development of self-injurious behavior (SIB) in singly housed monkeys poses a challenge for their management and well-being in captivity. Relatively little information is available on effective treatments for SIB. This study examined the effects of diazepam (Valium) on self-wounding and other abnormal behaviors in eight individually housed male ...
Sohn Eun Jin - - 2005
The present study was designed to examine whether the methanol extract of Sorbus commixta cortex (MSC) could prevent the development of atherosclerosis through regulating the vascular nitric oxide (NO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) systems in atherogenic-diet rats. Our findings show that aortic NO production as well as endothelial nitric oxide synthase ...
Chen Jiawei - - 2006
There is increasing evidence of cross-talk between dyslipidemia and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in atherogenesis. Both dyslipidemia and RAS activation enhance the expression of a newly described receptor for oxidized-low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL), lectin-like ox-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1). We postulated that the blockade of dyslipidemia with rosuvastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase ...
Passerini Anthony G - - 2005
Regional arterial hemodynamics correlates with distinct endothelial phenotypes that may be modified by risk factors to influence focal and regional susceptibility to atherosclerosis. We compared endothelial transcript profiles from hemodynamically distinct arterial regions in 15 mature pigs: males and females fed a normal diet, and males fed a high-fat diet ...
Murashige Akihiro - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the feasibility of using a wavelet analysis of radiofrequency (RF) intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) signals in detecting lipid-laden plaque. BACKGROUND: Wavelet analysis is a new mathematical model for assessing local changes in a geometrical profile of time-series signals. METHODS: Radiofrequency IVUS signals of 85 arbitrarily selected vectors ...
Lamack Jeffrey A - - 2006
Hypercholesterolemia is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and is known to promote the advancement of atherosclerotic lesions in experimental animal models. Juvenile swine were fed a normal or high-cholesterol diet, and the transendothelial macromolecular permeability of the external iliac arteries of these animals was assessed by measuring the uptake rate ...
Deepa P R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The present work explores the myriad of biochemical and cellular changes that are featured in the early stages of atherosclerosis; if unchecked these changes lead to the complicated atherosclerotic plaque formation. The influence of a low-molecular-weight heparin derivative on the aortic aberrations and lipoprotein oxidation has been assessed in ...
Lehrke Michael - - 2005
The high-cholesterol/high-fat Western diet has abetted an epidemic of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in industrialized nations. Liver X receptors (LXRs) are oxysterol sensors that are required for normal cholesterol and triglyceride homeostasis, yet synthetic LXR agonists produce undesirable hypertriglyceridemia. Here we report a previously unrecognized role ...
Cyrus Tillmann - - 2006
COX-1-dependent eicosanoid formation accelerates atherogenesis, and low-dose aspirin reduces early atherosclerosis. However, the role of aspirin in modulating progression of vascular atherosclerotic lesions once established is less investigated. We wished to determine the effect of low-dose aspirin on vascular inflammation, plaque composition, and progression of established atherosclerosis. Low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient ...
Cui Yali - - 2005
BACKGROUND: After menopause women are more susceptible to coronary heart disease due to increased risk of atherosclerosis. Tibolone (Livial) is an innovative synthetic steroid analogue for the treatment of postmenopausal climacteric symptoms including atherosclerosis, but the mechanisms of its effect are still unclear. The present study investigated the effect of ...
Finné Nielsen Inge L - - 2005
Anthocyanin-rich beverages have shown beneficial effects on coronary heart disease in epidemiological and intervention studies. In the present study, we investigated the effect of black currant anthocyanins on atherosclerosis. Watanabe Heritable Hyperlipidemic rabbits (n = 61) were fed either a purified anthocyanin fraction from black currants, a black currant juice, ...
Dhawan Veena - - 2005
Chronic exposure to L-arginine results in regression of atherosclerotic lesions and reversal of endothelial dysfunction. We investigated whether chronic L-arginine supplementation induces regression of atherosclerotic lesions and reversal of endothelial dysfunction in atherogenic rhesus monkeys and the mechanism which leads to these effects. About 12 male rhesus monkeys were fed ...
Yamashita T - - 2005
We have investigated the influence of dietary n-6/n-3 (ù-6/ù-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid-balance on the tendency to arterial thrombosis and the progress of atherosclerosis in apoE-/- LDLR-/- double knockout mouse. Homozygous apoE-/- LDLR-/- double knockout mouse (DKO mice, 129XC57BL/6J background) and male C57BL/6 mice aged 6 weeks were divided into four ...
Hojjati Mohammad Reza - - 2005
Sphingolipids play a very important role in cell membrane formation, signal transduction, and plasma lipoprotein metabolism, all of which may well have an impact on the development of atherosclerosis. To investigate the relationship between sphingolipid metabolism and atherosclerosis, we utilized myriocin to inhibit mouse serine palmitoyl-CoA transferase (SPT), the key ...
Torzewski Michael - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Labeled oxidation-specific antibodies (Ox-AB) detect, quantify, and noninvasively image lipid-rich atherosclerotic lesions. However, it is unknown whether Ox-AB detect plaque stabilization. METHODS AND RESULTS: The aortic uptake of intravenously injected 125I-MDA2 (Ox-AB to malondialdehyde [MDA]-low-density lipoprotein [LDL]) was quantitated in: (1) LDL receptor-/- mice with established atherosclerosis continued on ...
Miyamura Mitsuhiko - - 2004
Using surface and deep seawater collected in the sea area of Muroto Cape (Kochi, Japan), desalinated drinking samples of about 1200 hardness were prepared and examined for the effects on the prevention of atherosclerosis in dietary induced hyperlipidemia rabbits. The plasma LDL cholesterol level was lower in the deep seawater ...
Febbraio Maria - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: CD36 is expressed on multiple cell types and has numerous functions, a subset of which can impact on atherogenesis. In previous work, we demonstrated that CD36 absence was protective against lesion formation. The current objective was to determine whether absence of macrophage CD36 alone was protective. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Ueshima Koji - - 2004
To investigate whether gastrointestinal lipase inhibition reduces the progression of a western-type diet induced atherosclerosis, male apolipoprotein-E knockout (apoE KO) mice were administered orlistat ((S)-1-[[(S, 2S, 3S)-3-hexyl-4-oxo-2-oxetanyl] methyl]dodecyl-(S)-2-formamido-4-methylvalerate) mixed with a western-type diet for 8 weeks. Orlistat significantly reduced plasma triglyceride levels, but not total cholesterol levels, at 4 and ...
Mueller T - - 2004
Circulating 8-iso-prostaglandin F 2alpha (8-iso-PGF 2alpha ) has been proposed as new indicator of oxidative stress, which is involved in the pathophysiologic changes of atherosclerosis. We proposed to test the hypothesis that 8-iso-PGF 2alpha is an independent predictor of symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD). A case-control study in 100 patients ...
JawieĊ„ J - - 2004
Since 1992 the mouse has become an excellent model for experimental atherosclerosis research. Until 1992, the diet -- induced atherosclerosis mouse model has been used effectively, but the lesions tended to be small and were limited to early fatty-streak stage. This model was also criticized because of the toxicity and ...
Zulli Anthony - - 2004
Although mild hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular events and mortality, there is no evidence to suggest that mild hyperhomocysteinemia stimulates coronary artery atherosclerosis formation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the development of coronary artery atherosclerosis in rabbits following the induction of hyperhomocysteinemia and hypercholesterolemia through diet, and whether the combination ...
Turkay C - - 2004
In order to investigate the possible relationship between atherosclerosis and chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, 66 Wistar rats were given five separate intratracheal inoculations of either P. aeruginosa or sterile saline at 4-week intervals. The rats were divided into four groups: group 1 was infected with P. aeruginosa and fed a ...
Mawatari Kazuaki - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The novel vaso-constricting 31-amino acid-length endothelin-1 [ET-1(1-31)] is selectively produced by human mast cell chymase via its action on big ET-1. However, the pathological role of ET-1(1-31) in atherosclerosis remains unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify vasoconstrictive response and expression of ET-1(1-31) in atherosclerotic aorta. METHODS ...
Botelho Françoise V - - 2004
Eggplant (Solanum melongena) has been used as hypocholesterolemic agent in many countries. However, few controlled studies were addressed to this subject and atherogenesis. We have evaluated the effect of eggplant on cholesterol metabolism and atherogenesis in LDLR(-/-) mice. Animals were fed on chow (n=17) or atherogenic (n=21) diet during 12 ...
Lewis Katherine E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Elevated serum amyloid A (SAA) levels are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. SAA levels can be increased by dietary fat and cholesterol. Moreover, SAA can cause lipoproteins to bind extracellular vascular proteoglycans, a process that is critical in atherogenesis. Therefore, we hypothesized that diet-induced increases in SAA would increase ...
Recinos Adrian A - - 2004
Diet-induced changes in serum lipoproteins are a major risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis, the leading cause of mortality in Westernized countries. Atherosclerosis is now appreciated to be a systemic inflammatory disease where increased synthesis of inducible proteins by the liver, such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and others, may ...
Takai Shinji - - 2004
Angiotensin II receptor blockers could prevent the development of atherosclerosis beyond reducing blood pressure in monkeys fed a high-cholesterol diet. However, it has been unclear whether hypotensive effects improve atherosclerosis in primates. We investigated whether antihypertensive agents, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, candesartan, and a calcium channel blocker, amlodipine, prevent ...
Dichek Helén L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Increased expression of human hepatic lipase (HL) or a catalytically inactive (ci) HL clears plasma cholesterol in mice deficient in low-density lipoprotein receptors (LDLr) and murine HL. We hypothesized that increased expression of both HL and ciHL reduces atherosclerosis in these mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice deficient in both ...
Tracy Richard E - - 2004
A new method to fix lipids for staining in paraffin sections was applied here to early lesions of atherosclerosis to test comparability with similar results using frozen-section fat stains. Small blocks of formalin-fixed human coronary artery were exposed to an emulsion of linoleic acid and lecithin in 70% ethylene glycol ...
Vinson Joe A - - 2004
Tea is the most widely consumed beverage in the world, second only to water. Most laypersons and scientists believe that green tea is healthier than black tea due to the low incidence of heart disease and cancer in the Orient. Here, we report the first dose-response comparison of a green ...
Kouraklis G - - 2004
AIM: Inflammation related processes play a key role in the current etiologic model of atherosclerosis and its acute complications. In addition, platelet-derived growth factors stimulate the neointimal proliferation of restenosis after coronary interventions. Reducing platelet accumulation at treated sites may attenuate restenosis. The purpose of this experimental study was to ...
Tedeschi-Reiner Eugenia - - 2004
AIM: To explore the relationship between retinal vessel atherosclerosis and serum concentrations of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, HDL(2) cholesterol, HDL(3) cholesterol, apoprotein B, apoprotein A-I, and apoprotein A-II. METHODS: Lipids and lipoproteins were measured in 101 male patients aged between 26 ...
Fontana Luigi - - 2004
Little is known regarding the long-term effects of caloric restriction (CR) on the risk for atherosclerosis. We evaluated the effect of CR on risk factors for atherosclerosis in individuals who are restricting food intake to slow aging. We studied 18 individuals who had been on CR for an average of ...
Meir Karen S - - 2004
Arguably the most critical advancement in the elucidation of factors affecting atherogenesis has been the development of mouse models of atherosclerosis. Among available models, the apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/-) mouse is particularly popular because of its propensity to spontaneously develop atherosclerotic lesions on a standard chow diet. A Medline search reveals ...
Lucas Edralin A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Dietary modification contributes significantly in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors including lowering cholesterol and atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of flaxseed, a rich source of lignans, alpha-linolenic acid and soluble fiber mucilage, on the prevention of ovariectomy-induced rise in total cholesterol and ...
Hermsmeyer R Kent - - 2004
To test if transdermal progesterone (P) confers coronary vascular protection in surgically menopausal preatherosclerotic rhesus monkeys. Ovariectomized rhesus monkeys fed an atherogenic diet (AD) for 19 months were treated with an investigational transdermal P cream (n=7) or identical placebo cream (n=5) for 4 weeks. Aorta and carotids showed fatty streaks ...
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