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Ata Ozge O Department of Chemical Engineering, Industrial Biotechnology and Metabolic Engineering Laboratory, Middle East Technical University, 06800, Ankara, - - 2014
The objectives of this work are the optimization of the codons of xylA gene from Thermus thermophilus to enhance the production of recombinant glucose isomerase (rGI) in P. pastoris and to investigate the effects of feeding strategies on rGI production. Codons of xylA gene from T. thermophilus were optimized, ca. ...
Sherazi S T H ST National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan, - - 2014
A study was conducted to evaluate the occurrence of ochratoxin A (OTA) in complete poultry feeds (n = 80) and poultry feed ingredients (n = 286) from Pakistan. All samples were first analyzed by indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), samples with OTA concentrations above the European Union maximum regulatory limit (MRL, 100 μg/kg) were ...
Schneider Stephan S a Lehrstuhl für Grünlandlehre , Technische Universität München , Freising , - - 2014
Stable isotope analysis is a fundamental tool in food origin and authenticity testing. Its use in livestock production requires knowledge of isotope discrimination between product and diet. Here, we report (13)C discrimination ((13)Δ) for milk, milk components (fat, casein and lactose) and faeces in eight lactating dairy cows, which grazed ...
Hillal Hany H a Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN) , Institute of Nutritional Physiology 'Oskar Kellner' , Dummerstorf , - - 2014
Dedicated to Professor Dr Hanns-Ludwig Schmidt on the occasion of his 85th birthday Nutrient partitioning was investigated in cows with different genetic merits for milk production by measuring (13)C/(12)C ratios (reported by delta values δ(13)C) in milk components in response to C3 (grass silage) and C4 diets (corn silage). We ...
Connor E E EE Animal Genomics and Improvement Laboratory,US Department of Agriculture,Agricultural Research Service,10300 Baltimore Avenue,Building 306,BARC-East,Beltsville,MD - - 2014
Despite substantial advances in milk production efficiency of dairy cattle over the last 50 years, rising feed costs remain a significant threat to producer profitability. There also is a greater emphasis being placed on reducing the negative impacts of dairy production on the environment; thus means to lower greenhouse gas ...
Serafine Katherine M KM Departments of aPharmacology bPsychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2014
Eating high fat chow accelerates the development of sensitization to cocaine-induced locomotion in female rats. It is not known whether consumption of sucrose or saccharin also increases sensitivity to the behavioral effects of cocaine or whether continuous (or intermittent) access to these feeding conditions is necessary to change sensitivity. Adolescent ...
Martínez-García Carlos Galdino CG Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Rurales (ICAR), Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Instituto Literario #100, CP 50000, Toluca, Estado de México, - - 2014
In Mexico, small-scale dairy systems (SSDS) represent over 78 % of dairy farms and contribute with 37 % of national milk production; however, they face high feeding costs. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of SSDS during the dry season in terms of milk yields, milk composition and ...
Glosson K M KM Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to determine the growth and health effects of supplementing heat-treated whole milk with pasteurized milk balancer products in calf-feeding programs. All calves were removed from their dams at birth (d 0), fed 3.8 L of heat-treated colostrum, and received assigned treatments from d 1 until weaning ...
Mao Sheng-Yong SY Laboratory of Gastrointestinal Microbiology, College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, Jiangsu, - - 2014
Currently, knowledge about the impact of high-grain (HG) feeding on rumen microbiota and metabolome is limited. In this study, a combination of the 454 pyrosequencing strategy and the mass spectrometry-based metabolomics technique was applied to investigate the effects of increased dietary grain (0%, 25% and 50% maize grain) on changes ...
Sinha Amit Kumar AK Systemic Physiological and Ecotoxicological Research, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, BE-2020 Antwerp, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated the impact of nutritional status on the physiological, metabolic and ion-osmoregulatory performance of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) when acclimated to seawater (32ppt), brackish water (20 and 10ppt) and hyposaline water (2.5ppt) for 2weeks. Following acclimation to different salinities, fish were either fed or fasted (unfed for 14days). ...
Zarrinpar Amir A Regulatory Biology Laboratory, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Division of Gastroenterology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2014
The gut microbiome and daily feeding/fasting cycle influence host metabolism and contribute to obesity and metabolic diseases. However, fundamental characteristics of this relationship between the feeding/fasting cycle and the gut microbiome are unknown. Our studies show that the gut microbiome is highly dynamic, exhibiting daily cyclical fluctuations in composition. Diet-induced ...
Hirata M M Department of Animal and Grassland Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture,University of Miyazaki,Miyazaki - - 2014
A feeding station is the area of forage a grazing animal can reach without moving its forefeet. Grazing behavior can be divided into residence within feeding stations (with bites as benefits) and movement between feeding stations (with steps as costs). However, relatively little information has been reported on how grazing ...
Alvarado-Gilis C A CA Department of Animal - - 2014
Our objective was to evaluate whether feeding elevated Cu concentrations in conjunction with Linpro, a co-extruded blend of field peas and flaxseed, affected in vitro fermentation, performance, and plasma lipid profiles of fattening beef heifers. In study 1, 2 in vitro trials were conducted as randomized complete experiments with a ...
Basso F C FC Department of Animal Science, Sao Paulo State University, Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, Brazil 14883-900 - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the effects of feeding corn silage inoculated without or with either Lactobacillus buchneri (LB) alone or a combination of LB and Lactobacillus plantarum (LBLP) on the apparent digestibility, ruminal fermentation, microbial protein synthesis, and growth performance of lambs. Thirty Santa Inês × Dorper crossbred intact ...
Playford Mc M Dawbuts Pty Ltd, PO Box 1118, Camden, New South Wales, 2570, Australia. - - 2014
Infectious diseases in dairy cows often follow a time of nutritional or physiological stress and the subsequent altered immune system function. This study aimed to determine if the immunomodulatory effects of a feed additive previously observed in experimental animals and housed cattle fed total mixed rations could be reproduced in ...
Shen Y B YB Department of Animal Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to test if supplementation of LMET has beneficial effects on growth performance and gut health in nursery pigs compared with dl-Met. In Exp. 1, 168 pigs in 56 pens were randomly allotted to 7 dietary treatments for 20 d, including a basal diet (BD; 55% of ...
Xie Ming - - 2014
A dose-response experiment with seven supplemental pyridoxine levels (0, 0.66, 1.32, 1.98, 2.64, 3.30, and 3.96 mg/kg) was conducted to investigate the effects of pyridoxine on growth performance and plasma aminotransferases and homocysteine of White Pekin ducks and to estimate pyridoxine requirement for these birds. A total of 336 one-day-old ...
Dance A A University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, - - 2014
The objective was to determine effects of early-life nutrition on reproductive potential of Holstein bulls. Twenty-six bull calves were randomly allotted to 3 groups and fed ~70, 100, or 130% of National Research Council recommendations for both energy and protein from 2 to 31 wk; thereafter, all were fed a ...
Hozza W A WA Institute of Rural Development Planning, Dodoma, 41000 Tanzania - - 2014
The aim of the experiment was to study the effect of feeding system on meat quality characteristics of Small East African (SEA) goats and their crosses with Norwegian (SEA×N) goats finished under small scale farming conditions. Twenty four castrated goats at the age of 18 months with live body weight ...
Asanuma Narito N Department of Life Science, Meiji University, Kawasaki, - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of dietary nitrate addition on ruminal fermentation characteristics and microbial populations in goats. The involvement of Selenomonas ruminantium in nitrate and nitrite reduction in the rumen was also examined. As the result of nitrate feeding, the total concentration of ruminal volatile fatty acids decreased, whereas ...
Park Kun-Young KY School of Life Science, Handong Global University, Pohang, Gyungbuk 791-708, Republic of - - 2014
Recently, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) has shown to exert insulin-sensitizing and adiposity-reducing effect in high-fat (HF) diet-fed mice. In the present study, we observed that the effects are correlated with the extent of dysbiosis induced by HF diet feeding before LGG administration. LGG-treated mice were protected from HF diet-induced adiposity ...
Collar Concha C Cereals and Cereal-based Products, Food Science Department, Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos (CSIC), Avda. Catedrático Agustín Escardino, 7, 46980 Paterna, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Wheat flour replacement from 22.5% up to 45% by incorporation of ternary blends of teff (T), green pea (GP) and buckwheat (BW) flours provided technologically viable and acceptable sensory rated multigrain breads with superior nutritional value compared to the 100% wheat flour (WT) counterparts. Blended breads exhibited superior nutritional composition, ...
De Nardi Roberta - - 2014
BackgroundThe aim of this study was to determine the ability of two feed additives, a fumarate-malate (FM) and a polyphenol-essential oil mixture (PM), in attenuating the drop of ruminal pH and the metabolic and immune response resulting from an excessively high grain diet. Six heifers were used in a 3¿×¿3 ...
Aderinboye Ronke Yemisi RY Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Livestock Production, Federal University of Agriculture, P. M. B. 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria, - - 2014
This experiment investigated the performance of weaner rabbits fed concentrate diets supplemented with pawpaw leaves (PPL). Twenty-four male weaner rabbits aged 5 weeks, weighing between 350 and 450 g were used. Concentrate diet was supplemented with PPL in ratios 100:0, 70:30, 50:50 and 30:70. Rabbits were randomly allotted to the four diets ...
Butler C M CM Center for Fisheries Research & Development, Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, University of Southern Mississippi, Ocean Springs, MS, 39564, - - 2014
A combination of stomach contents, nitrogen stable-isotope and tissue C:N values are presented to demonstrate feeding activity of Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus on the Gulf of Mexico (GOMEX) spawning grounds. Diets include teleosts, cephalopods, crustaceans and a pelagic tunicate (Pyrosoma atlanticum). Results reveal the need to classify the GOMEX ...
Nevill Christian H CH a Southwest National Primate Research Center , Texas Biomedical Research Institute , San Antonio , - - 2014
Hair eating in nonhuman primates is thought to result from a frustrated appetitive drive produced by an inappropriate diet. To investigate whether hair eating could be reduced through changes in diet, a 2-part study was conducted with a group of baboons (Papio hamadryas sp.). The 1st part involved changing to ...
Ceconi I I Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108 - - 2014
Increased availability of rapidly fermentable carbohydrates and a great proportion of corn-derived CP in the diet may result in degradable intake protein (DIP) deficit. Therefore, ruminal DIP deficit may result from high dietary inclusion of processed corn grain and small to moderate inclusion of corn distillers grains (DG). Two experiments ...
Yuan K K Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan - - 2014
Yeast supplementation has been shown to increase feed intake and production in some studies with early lactation dairy cows, but the mechanisms underlying such an effect remain unknown. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of supplementing a yeast product derived from Saccharomyces cerevisiae on production, feeding ...
Keady T W J TW Teagasc, Animal & Grassland Research & Innovation Centre, Mellows Campus, Athenry, Co. Galway, Ireland - - 2014
The effects of high and medium feed value grass silage or maize silage MS: , each offered with a range of concentrate feed levels, and ad libitum concentrate on the performance of finishing lambs, which were either shorn or unshorn, were evaluated. Three silages were used: one medium feed value ...
Linke Bernd B Department Bioengineering, Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering (ATB), Max-Eyth-Allee 100, 14469 Potsdam, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the potential of producing biogas on demand from maize silage using a novel two-phase continuously fed leach bed reactor (LBR) which is connected to an anaerobic filter (AF). Six different feeding patterns, each for 1week, were studied at a weekly average of a volatile solids (VS) loading ...
Ferraretto L F LF Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison - - 2014
Selection for hybrids with greater starch and NDF digestibility may be beneficial for dairy producers. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of feeding a TMR containing a floury-leafy corn silage hybrid (LFY) compared with a brown midrib corn silage hybrid (BMR) for intake, lactation performance, and ...
Wolfger B B Department of Production Animal - - 2014
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD), which can cause substantial losses for feedlot operations, is often difficult to detect based solely on visual observations. The objectives of the current study were to determine a BRD case identification based on clinical and laboratory parameters and assess the value of feeding behavior for early ...
Macías-Cruz U U Instituto de Ciencias Agrícolas, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali B.C., - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of free ferulic acid ( FA: ) supplementation on productive performance, some blood metabolite concentrations, and carcass characteristics of ewe lambs finished in feedlot. Dorper × Pelibuey ewe lambs (n = 20, BW = 28.5 ± 0.5 kg, age = 5 ...
Murray David S DS WasserCluster - Biologische Station Lunz, 3293 Lunz am See, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this 14-month feeding study was to investigate the effects of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on tissue fatty acid composition, DHA retention and DHA content per biomass accrual in muscle tissues of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus). A control feed, formulated with a relatively high DHA inclusion level (F1), ...
Kommuru D S DS Fort Valley State University, Fort Valley, GA 31030, - - 2014
Sericea lespedeza (SL; Lespedeza cuneata) is a perennial warm-season forage rich in condensed tannins (CT) that has been reported to have anthelmintic activity against small ruminant gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN), particularly Haemonchus contortus, a highly pathogenic blood-feeder, but the mechanism of action of CT against H. contortus is not clearly understood. ...
Lawrence D C DC Teagasc, Animal & Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland; School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the milk production, dry matter intake, and energy partitioning of autumn-calving Holstein-Friesian cows offered a high or low amount of concentrate using 1 of 2 feeding strategies. One hundred and eight autumn-calving Holstein-Friesian cows were blocked based on milk production data from ...
Pahl C C Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, 24098 Kiel, - - 2014
Against the background of decreasing reproduction efficiency, estrus detection is gaining increased importance. The objective of this study was to evaluate changes of feeding characteristics and rumination time in dairy cows in the days around estrus. Feeding characteristics were recorded by weighing troughs, and rumination time by acoustic sensors. Analysis ...
Chiquette J J Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre, 2000 College, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada J1M 1Z3. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed at investigating Enterococcus faecium alone or E. faecium in combination with Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Lactococcus lactis during a subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) challenge. Four ruminally fistulated Holstein dairy cows were assigned to the following treatments in a 4 × 4 Latin square design: (1) control (CON); (2) ...
Sun H Q HQ Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, College of Animal Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, PR - - 2014
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different amounts of konjac flour (KF) inclusion in the gestation diet on the physio-chemical properties of diets, postprandial satiety in pregnant sows, lactation feed intake of sows and piglet performance during two successive reproductive cycles. Multiparous Landrace sows (n=140) were assigned ...
Kmicikewycz A D AD Department of Animal Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park - - 2014
The objectives of this experiment were to determine the effects of corn silage particle size and supplemental hay on rumen pH and feed preference in lactating dairy cows experiencing a bout of subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA). In this study, 12 lactating (8 ruminally cannulated), multiparous Holstein cows averaging 91 ± ...
He L W LW a State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University , Beijing 100193 , P. R. - - 2014
Abstract 1. The effects of different fibre sources on the growth performance, carcass characteristics and gastrointestinal tract development were studied in growing Greylag geese (Anser anser). 2. Four experimental diets were formulated with maize straw silage (CSS), steam-exploded maize straw (SECS), steam-exploded wheat straw (SEWS), and steam-exploded rice straw (SERS) ...
Rault J-L JL Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the influences of milk supplementation during lactation, over 1 wk after weaning, and oxytocin administration for the first 14 d of life on the pigs' response to weaning. Pigs from 20 litters were allocated to each of these 3 treatments in a randomized factorial ...
Madsen J G JG Agroscope,Institute for Livestock Sciences ILS,Posieux - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the compensatory growth feeding strategy could be a suitable solution for overcoming the negative effects on growth, carcass composition and meat quality of low birth weight pigs. Forty-two Swiss Large White barrows from 21 litters were selected at weaning and categorized ...
Ishida Kyohei K Laboratory of Animal Husbandry Resources, Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Four wethers were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square design experiment to evaluate the availability of two types of winery wastes, winery sediment and grape pomace, as ruminant feeds possessing antioxidant activities. Each wether was assigned to one of the following four treatments: (i) 75 g/kg winery sediment (WS) on a ...
Mousaie Amir A Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, 9177948974, Iran, - - 2014
The effects of selenium-methionine (Se-Met) and chromium-methionine (Cr-Met) supplementation on performance and response to transportation stress were studied on 24 Baluchi ewe lambs (18-20 weeks of age) for 9 weeks. The lambs were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments: (1) control; (2) 1.5 mg supplemental Se-Met/kg dry matter (DM) of diet; (3) 0.8 mg ...
Pujante I M IM Departamento de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Ambientales, Campus de Excelencia Internacional del Mar (CEI-MAR), Universidad de Cádiz, 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effects of starvation and re-feeding on metabolites and tissue composition, GH/IGF-I axis, and digestive enzyme activities in juvenile thick-lipped grey mullet (Chelon labrosus) were evaluated. Fish were divided into three feeding groups (n=72, 82.00±4.09g initial body mass). The control group was fed 1% of their body mass once a ...
Spence Alison C - - 2014
BackgroundYoung children¿s diets are currently suboptimal. Given that mothers have a critical influence on children¿ diets, they are typically a target of interventions to improve early childhood nutrition. Understanding the maternal factors which mediate an intervention¿s effect on young children¿s diets is important, but has not been well investigated. This ...
Hashemzadeh-Cigari F F Department of Animal Science, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The study investigated the effects of a mixture of herbal plants (HM) and two sources of unsaturated fatty acids (FA), extruded linseed (LS) and soybean (SB), on metabolic profile, insulin sensitivity, and oxidative status of transition dairy cows. Thirty-two prepartum Holstein cows, blocked by parity and calving day, were randomly ...
Song Huan H College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, No. 17 Tsinghua Donglu, Beijing, 100083, - - 2014
Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) transgenic rice line (mfb-MH86) expressing a synthetic cry1Ab gene can be protected against feeding damage from Lepidopteran insects, including Sesamia inferens, Chilo suppressalis, Tryporyza incertulas and Cnaphalocrocis medinalis. Rice flour from mfb-MH86 and its near-isogenic control MH86 was separately formulated into rodent diets at concentrations of 17.5, ...
Hadaš Z Z Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Animal Breeding, Mendel University in Brno, Brno, Czech - - 2014
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of supplementing the feed ration for lactating sows with the conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on the growth performance and losses of piglets from birth to weaning. The monitoring comprised 20 litters in control and 20 litters in experimental group of ...
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