Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1821
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Huang Yi-Chia - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine if an optimal cutoff value for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) can be obtained for predicting the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Taiwanese population. We conducted a hospital-based case-control study. Patients identified by cardiac catheterization as having at least 70% stenosis ...
Arsenault Benoit J BJ Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec, Québec, Québec, - - 2009
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that at any low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level, other lipid parameters such as non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, triglyceride (TG) levels, and the total cholesterol (TC)/HDL-C are still associated with an increased coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Although LDL-C is considered to ...
Vald?s Luis - - 2010
Pleural fluid (PF) cholesterol is a useful parameter to differentiate between pleural transudates and exudates, although the pathophysiologic mechanisms for its increase in exudates are not fully understood. We aim to elucidate the cause of this increase by analyzing the levels of cholesterol-high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), apolipoprotein A ...
Tagami Tetsuya - - 2010
To evaluate the prevalence of dyslipidemia in the population of Hashimoto thyroiditis, we reviewed medical records on the consecutive 1181 cases with adult Hashimoto thyroiditis and 830 cases were adopted for the study. First, the serum TSH level increased and serum free T4 level decreased, slightly but significantly, with increasing ...
Fessler M B MB Laboratory of Respiratory Biology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA. - - 2010
Cholesterol promotes Th2 immunity and allergic inflammation in rodents; whether this occurs in humans is unclear. Reports of both direct and inverse associations between serum cholesterol and atopy in different populations suggest that race and/or other demographic variables may modify these relationships. To determine the relationships between levels of three ...
Vega-López Sonia S Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, - - 2010
Information is scarce regarding the effect of dietary protein type, with specific focus on the lysine-to-arginine (Lys:Arg) ratio, on cardiovascular risk factors and vascular reactivity in humans. Determine the effect of dietary Lys:Arg ratio on cardiovascular risk factors and vascular reactivity in moderately hypercholesterolemic adults. Randomized cross-over design of two ...
Zhao Tongfeng - - 2010
The results from the published studies on the association of fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) Ala54Thr polymorphism with dyslipidemia are conflicting and inconclusive. In this meta-analysis encompassing all the relevant studies, we aimed to investigate the association of the FABP2 Ala54Thr polymorphism with fasting blood lipids. We limited our analysis ...
Gurrola-Díaz C M - - 2010
Insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are strongly associated with metabolic syndrome (MeSy), which is considered to be a reversible clinical stage before its evolution to coronary heart disease and diabetes. Currently, the antihypertensive and hypolipidemic properties of aqueous Hibiscus sabdariffa extracts (HSE) have been demonstrated in clinical trials and ...
Upmeier Eveliina - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To determine whether high levels of serum total cholesterol and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc) are associated with increased mortality in the elderly. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 1032 non-institutionalized people aged 70 in the city of Turku, Southern Finland. The cohort population was recruited ...
Chang Wen-Hsin - - 2009
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most important adult health problem in the world. Epidemiological studies and laboratory experiments have shown that fruit and vegetable consumption has protective effects against CVD. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of consumption of two kiwifruit per day on the lipid ...
Borodin Eugene A - - 2009
Recently the American Heart Association has reported that favorable effects of soy protein on blood lipids were characteristic only for high amounts of soy protein and not observed for an intake less than 30 g/d. However, the period of the studies with the smaller amount was 4-6 wk and we ...
Cheung Alfred K - - 2009
Although high serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels are predictive of cardiovascular diseases in the general population, this association is more complex in the dialysis patients. Two recent randomized trials failed to show significant beneficial effects of statins on the primary cardiovascular outcomes in these patients. The reasons for ...
Alberty Roman - - 2009
Non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol [total cholesterol minus high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol] is considered a better predictor of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk than low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. The Slovak Roma population have approximately 2.5-fold higher premature CHD mortality than the overall population. It is agreed that detection of dyslipidemia and ...
Mshelia D S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and/or high-density lipoprotein cholesterol/total cholesterol ratios in the interpretation of lipid profile result in clinical practice. METHODS: This is a prospective case-control study involving 109 diabetics, 98 diabetic hypertensives, 102 hypertensives and 120 control subjects. Serum lipid profile and plasma ...
Li Nan F - - 2009
The prevalence of hyperuricemia is low in Uygurs, who have a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, overweight-obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance (IR). This study sought to investigate the relationships between serum uric acid (UA) and these risk factors in this population. A cross-sectional study was ...
Zhao Xue-Qiao - - 2009
We examined the impact of metabolic syndrome (MS) on coronary stenosis progression and major cardiovascular (CV) events and investigated the mitigating effects of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol lowering and LDL cholesterol lowering plus high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol increasing. This analysis combined individual patient data from 445 subjects who participated in ...
Shirom Arie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The authors hypothesized that high-pleasure low-arousal (HPLA) would predict a subsequent decrease of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TRI), as well as a subsequent increase of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). The authors also hypothesized that high-pleasure high-arousal (HPHA) would have the opposite effects on these blood lipids, predicting ...
Hata Mitsumasa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We assessed the efficacy of aggressive lipid controlling therapy (ALCT), which maintains low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) below to 80 mg/dL and LDL/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio less than 1.5 for preventing postcoronary bypass (CABG) saphenous vein graft (SVG) diseases by using intracoronary angioscopy. METHODS: Twenty-one patients after CABG were ...
Yeung Edwina H EH Epidemiology Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Rockville, Maryland, USA. - - 2010
Higher levels of the adipocyte-specific hormone adiponectin have been linked to increased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and lower insulin resistance. This study was conducted to determine the influence of macronutrient intake on adiponectin levels. One hundred and sixty-four pre- and stage-1 hypertensive adults participated in the Optimal Macro-Nutrient Intake Heart (OMNI-Heart) ...
Grover Steven A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) as a therapeutic target to prevent cardiovascular (CV) events remains unclear. We examined data from the Framingham Offspring Study from 1975 through 2003 to determine whether increases in HDL-C levels after lipid therapy was started were independently associated with a reduction in ...
Nash David T - - 2009
This article discussed the central role of the deposition of amyloid beta in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. (AD), and the animal data which supports the role of cholesterol on its deposition. The effect of mid-life cholesterol is discussed, and the presence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in the patients ...
Carlsson Lena - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Reference values are usually defined based on blood samples from healthy men or nonpregnant women in the age range of 20-50 years. These values are not optimal for elderly patients, as many biological markers change over time and adequate reference values are important for correct clinical decisions. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Yoshida Hiroshi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Astaxanthin has been reported to improve dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome in animals, but such effects in humans are not well known. METHODS: Placebo-controlled astaxanthin administration at doses of 0, 6, 12, 18 mg/day for 12 weeks was randomly allocated to 61 non-obese subjects with fasting serum triglyceride of 120-200mg/dl ...
Tolonen N - - 2009
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We studied the impact of baseline lipid variables on the progression of renal disease in a large nationwide prospective cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 2,304 adult patients with type 1 diabetes and available lipid profiles participating in the Finnish Diabetic Nephropathy Study (FinnDiane) ...
Kelley George A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Given recently developed prediction intervals (PIs) in which a random mean effect for a new study is estimated from meta-analytic data, we used the results from our previously published meta-analysis to calculate PIs for changes in lipids and lipoproteins as a result of progressive resistance training (PRT) in adults. ...
Fessler Michael B MB Department of Health and Human Services, Laboratory of Respiratory Biology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA. - - 2009
Cholesterol exerts complex effects on inflammation. There has been little investigation of whether serum cholesterol is associated with asthma, an inflammatory airways disease with great public health impact. To determine relationships between levels of 3 serum cholesterol measures (total cholesterol [TC], high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], and non-HDL-C) and asthma/wheeze in ...
Berenson Abbey B AB Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health, the University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555-0587, USA. - - 2009
To estimate the effects of using depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) or oral contraceptives (OCs) containing 20 micrograms ethinyl estradiol and 0.15 mg desogestrel on serum lipid levels. Serum lipids were measured at baseline and every 6 months thereafter for 3 years in 703 white, African-American, and Hispanic women using DMPA, ...
Shelmadine Brian - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Allopurinol was administered to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with elevated uric acid levels presenting with symptoms of gout and also had risk factors of metabolic syndrome. The primary aim of this pilot study was to examine the effects of lowering uric acid levels using allopurinol on lipoprotein markers ...
Hetz Samuel P - - 2009
Hetz SP, Latimer AE, Martin Ginis KA, Buchholz AC, and the SHAPE-SCI Research Group. Increased participation in activities of daily living is associated with lower cholesterol levels in people with spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships between activities of daily living (ADLs) participation and coronary heart disease (CHD) ...
Cui Yadong - - 2009
Reducing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol with statins reduces cardiovascular risk, but the associations between increases in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and cardiovascular risk at different LDL levels have been less well characterized. To evaluate the associations between the 1-year changes in HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol with lovastatin and subsequent ...
Kollerits Barbara - - 2009
Adiponutrin (PNPLA3) is a predominantly liver-expressed transmembrane protein with phospholipase activity that is regulated by fasting and feeding. Recent genome-wide association studies identified PNPLA3 to be associated with hepatic fat content and liver function, thus pointing to a possible involvement in the hepatic lipoprotein metabolism. The aim of this study ...
Mehra Mandeep R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) influence the generation of prostacyclin via cyclooxygenase stimulation. Prostaglandins represent an important compensatory pathway in advanced heart failure (HF). Whether HDL levels discriminate prognosis in HF remains unknown. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the prognostic relationship of HDL levels in severe HF by examining 132 consecutive patients ...
Haghdoost A A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The serum lipid profiles in Muslims change during the fasting month of Ramadan, but it is not clear whether this change is due to changes in their physical activities. In this study, we compared the patterns of the lipid profile changes in those who engaged in regular physical activity ...
Sá Carla M - - 2009
Salvia officinalis (common sage) is a plant with antidiabetic properties. A pilot trial (non-randomized crossover trial) with six healthy female volunteers (aged 40-50) was designed to evaluate the beneficial properties of sage tea consumption on blood glucose regulation, lipid profile and transaminase activity in humans. Effects of sage consumption on ...
Trkanjec Zlatko - - 2009
Patients with cerebrovascular risk factors are nowadays recognized as being at an increased risk of developing cognitive decline of both types. In this pilot study, we evaluated the levels of cholesterol (total, HDL, LDL) in patients with both vascular dementia (VD) and Alzheimer's type of dementia (AD). Cognitive decline was ...
Pérez-Castrillón José Luis - - 2010
Adequate vitamin D levels are necessary for good vascular health. 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol activates CYP3A4, an enzyme of the cytochrome P450 system, which metabolizes atorvastatin to its main metabolites. The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of cholesterol and triglycerides to atorvastatin according to vitamin D levels. Sixty-three patients ...
Hunter Gary R - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine independent relationships of intra-abdominal adipose tissue (IAAT), leg fat, and aerobic fitness with blood lipids and insulin sensitivity (S(i)) in European-American (EA) and African-American (AA) premenopausal women. Ninety-three EA and ninety-four AA with BMI between 27 and 30 kg/m(2) had IAAT by ...
Razzouk Louai - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Few data are available on the association of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and mortality independent of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Consecutive patients (N = 8,834) undergoing PCI between October 28, 2002, and December 31, 2006, were followed through June 30, 2007 ...
Klaus Jennifer A JA Animal Emergency Center, Glendale, WI 52309, - - 2009
Objective - To evaluate the complications and outcome associated with different nasogastric tube (NGT) feeding techniques in cats with suspected acute pancreatitis. Design - Descriptive retrospective case series Setting - Small animal emergency and referral hospital Animals - The patient database (2001-2006) was searched for cats with suspected acute pancreatitis ...
Harel Zeev - - 2010
A 12-hour fasting lipid profile was obtained from 88 otherwise healthy obese (BMI > or = 95%) adolescents (age 16 +/- 1 years, BMI 36 +/- 1 kg/m(2), 55 males, 33 females, 57% Hispanic, 23% African American, 19% Caucasian, 1% Asian American). About 56% of the obese adolescents exhibited lipid ...
Menown I B A - - 2009
Lipid guidelines typically focus on total cholesterol +/- low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels with less emphasis on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) or triglyceride assessment, thus potentially underestimating cardiovascular (CV) risk and the need for lifestyle or treatment optimization. In this article, we highlight how reliance on isolated total cholesterol assessment may ...
Uddin M J - - 2009
This study is an observational case control study conducted in the Neurology department of Dhaka Medical college Hospital (DMCH) to see the relation of ischemic stroke with different components of serum lipids. Cases and controls were selected following certain inclusion and exclusion criteria. Result showed that ischemic stroke was more ...
Dai Shifan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal data on the normal development of blood lipids and its relationships with body fatness in children and adolescents are limited. Objectives of the current analysis were to estimate trajectories related to age for four blood lipid components and to examine the impact of change in body fatness on ...
Waters David D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Information about physicians' adherence to cholesterol management guidelines remains scant. The present survey updates our knowledge of lipid management worldwide. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lipid levels were determined at enrollment in dyslipidemic adult patients on stable lipid-lowering therapy in 9 countries. The primary end point was the success rate, defined ...
Takahashi Osamu - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the long-term true change variation ('signal') and short-term within-person variation ('noise') of the different lipid measures and evaluate the best measure and the optimal interval for lipid re-screening. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study from 2005 to 2008. SETTING: A medical health check-up programme at a centre for preventive ...
Angelico F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Rapid virological response (RVR) is the best predictor of sustained response to standard HCV treatment. AIM: To evaluate predictive factors of RVR. METHODS: Sixty-five patients (mean age 52.6 +/- 13.8; 37 genotype-1, and 28 genotypes-2/3) were consecutively treated with pegIFN-alpha 2a or 2b once weekly plus daily ribavirin based ...
Horta Bernardo L - - 2009
To assess the effect of weight gain in childhood on blood lipid levels in adolescence. A population-based birth cohort carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil. All newborns in the city's hospitals were enrolled in 1982. The subjects have been followed up for several times in childhood. At age 18, 79% ...
Sension Michael - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to compare the change in fasting low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol from baseline to week 12 between patients receiving an atazanavir-containing regimen and those receiving comparator protease inhibitor (PI) regimens. DESIGN: AI424-067 was a 48-week, open-label, randomized, prospective study of 246 patients on PI-based regimens with ...
Münstedt Karsten - - 2009
Small studies have suggested that honey benefits patients with high cholesterol concentrations. The present study aimed to confirm this finding in a larger group of subjects. Sixty volunteers with high cholesterol, stratified according to gender and hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor (statin) treatment (yes/no), were randomized to receive 75 g of ...
Turcinov Drago D University Hospital for Infectious Diseases, Zagreb, - - 2009
We investigated the association of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and other risk factors for dyslipidemia in HIV-infected Croatian patients during the first year of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was determined by a 150-item questionnaire; a 0 to 9-point diet scale was created that ...
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