Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1821
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Sofi Francesco - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of short-term dietary intake of bread obtained by a selected variety of old grain grown in Tuscany, Italy on some parameters related to the atherosclerotic process. Twenty healthy subjects (median age, 39.5 years) followed for 10 weeks a diet containing ...
Sacheck Jennifer M - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess anthropometry, physical fitness, and serum glucose and lipid levels in college students and to determine the relative impact of fitness level compared with body composition on blood chemistries related to metabolic syndrome. METHODS: College students (n = 564; means +/- SD: ...
Idris I - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Despite achieving desirable LDL cholesterol levels, the residual cardiovascular (CV) risk remains high among patients with diabetes. This is partly due to the increased number of atherogenic LDL particles and apoB levels, despite optimal LDL levels. As correlation studies have shown that non-HDL cholesterol is an acceptable surrogate marker ...
Lau Keith K - - 2010
Corticosteroids are an important contributor to posttransplant hyperlipidemia. Since 2004, we have used a steroid minimization immunosuppression protocol. This study investigated the effect of steroid minimization on dyslipidemia in pediatric renal allograft recipients. Children (<18 years) who underwent renal transplants at our center from January 2001 to January 2008 were ...
Jia Lei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effect of cocoa products on lipid changes is controversial. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify and quantify the effect of cocoa on total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol. DESIGN: A comprehensive literature search was conducted for relevant trials of cocoa on lipid profile. Weighted mean differences were calculated ...
McKiernan Fiona - - 2010
Peanuts and peanut butter are commonly consumed as a snack, meal component and ingredient in various commercial products. Their consumption is associated with reduced CVD risk and they pose little threat to positive energy balance. However, questions have arisen as to whether product form (e.g. whole nut v. butter) and ...
Hernández-Mijares Antonio - - 2010
Phytosterols (PS) are recommended to reduce LDL-cholesterol. However, the influence of cholesterol and fat intake on the lipid-lowering effect of PS in mildly hypercholesterolaemia is unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the efficacy of PS is related to the composition of saturated fat and ...
Sabat? Joan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have consistently associated nut consumption with reduced risk for coronary heart disease. Subsequently, many dietary intervention trials investigated the effects of nut consumption on blood lipid levels. The objectives of this study were to estimate the effects of nut consumption on blood lipid levels and to examine ...
Mahmood Asad - - 2010
To compare serum lipid profile between patients of ischaemic and haemorrhagic strokes. Cross sectional, comparative study. Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from August 2004 to February 2005. Patients with diagnosis of stroke comprising 100 consecutive patients each of ischaemic and haemorrhagic strokes were included in the study while patients on lipid lowering ...
Martínez-Quintana Efrén - - 2010
Atherosclerosis has been correlated with known cardiovascular risk factors such as serum glucose or lipid levels. Because congenital heart disease patients tend to survive until adulthood, atherosclerosis has also become a matter of concern in these patients. One hundred fifty-eight congenital heart disease patients and 152 patients selected at random ...
Welsh Jean A JA Nutrition and Health Science Program, Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2010
Dietary carbohydrates have been associated with dyslipidemia, a lipid profile known to increase cardiovascular disease risk. Added sugars (caloric sweeteners used as ingredients in processed or prepared foods) are an increasing and potentially modifiable component in the US diet. No known studies have examined the association between the consumption of ...
Lubkowska Anna - - 2010
Systemic cryostimulation is useful treatment, both in sport and medicine, during which human body is exposed to very low, cryogenic temperature (below -100 degrees C). Although there exists some evidence of its beneficial effect in biological regeneration, so far it has not been unequivocally determined if the positive effect of ...
Ostojic Sergej M - - 2010
The main aim of this study was to determine the extent to which physical activity and adiposity are associated with blood cholesterol levels in male adolescents. Anthropometric and physical fitness values were measured in all children. Body mass index (BMI) and physical activity index (PAI) were used to split participants ...
Setorki Mahbubeh - - 2010
Metabolic changes in postprandial state particularly after fatty meals lead to atherosclerosis progression. Verjuice is an acidic juice made from unripe grape, commonly used as a popular ingredient in Iran. In this study the acute effects of verjuice intake on postprandial values of some biochemical atherosclerosis risk factors in rabbits ...
Lee Sun Hee - - 2010
This study was undertaken to investigate the hypothesis that whole grain consumption would have beneficial effects on lipid profiles, antioxidant status, and the inflammation state of hyperlipidemic rats compared to those resulting from a white rice (WR) diet. Forty-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 24) were fed a high-fat diet ...
Yoshida Tetsuro - - 2010
Dyslipidemia is an important risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI). We previously showed that gene polymorphisms associated with MI differed among individuals with different lipid profiles. We further examined whether genetic variants that confer susceptibility to MI might differ among individuals with low or high serum concentrations of triglycerides, high ...
Mirmiran Parvin - - 2010
In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that punicic acid, a type of conjugated fatty acid and the main constituent of pomegranate seed oil (PSO), has anti-atherogenic effects. The present study aimed at determining the effect of PSO treatment on serum lipid profiles. This double-blind placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial ...
Kamezaki Fumihiko - - 2010
AIM: Seasonal variation in serum lipid levels in the Japanese population remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether a variation in lipid levels exists in Japanese workers. METHODS: We investigated 1,331 employees in our institution (1,192 men, 44+/-10 years; 139 women, 38+/-11 years) who underwent health ...
Koseoglu M - - 2010
Garlic has long been used for medicinal purposes. It has been shown that different forms of garlic have significant antioxidant effects. The strong flavor, odor and unwanted gastrointestinal side effects of fresh garlic has rendered the use of commercial garlic supplements as a preferable option. To investigate the effects of ...
Esteve Eduardo - - 2010
Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI), a major constituent of neutrophils that possesses anti-inflammatory properties, shows a structure similar to some proteins implicated in lipid metabolism. We evaluated circulating BPI as a biomarker of endothelial function and lipid metabolism. Circulating BPI concentrations (ELISA) and serum lipids were measured in 202 Caucasian non-smoking men. ...
Howard Barbara V - - 2010
The Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial tested the effects on chronic disease of a dietary pattern lower in fat and higher in vegetables, fruit, and grains. The objective was to evaluate the effects of dietary carbohydrate changes on lipids and lipoprotein composition. Postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to an ...
Morsy A M A - - 2010
Balanites aegyptiaca is a naturally grown desert plant at some radioactive places in Wadi El-Gemal area, Southeastern Desert. The aim of the present study was to highlight on the B. aegyptiaca species grown naturally at radioactive places in Wadi El-Gemal area (fruit part) on the ability of using the fruit ...
Lustrino D - - 2010
The influence of different photophases (0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 hours) on the triglycerides and total cholesterol contents in the hemolymph of A. fulica was evaluated, since there is no information in the literature about the influence of this factor on lipids metabolism in mollusks. After 2 and 4 ...
Bays Harold E HE Louisville Metabolic and Atherosclerosis Research Center, 3288 Illinois Ave, Louisville, KY 40213, USA. - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of prescription omega-3-acid ethyl esters on non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in atorvastatin-treated patients with elevated non-HDL-C and triglyceride levels. This study, conducted between February 15, 2007, and October 22, 2007, randomized patients with elevated non-HDL-C (>160 mg/dL) and triglyceride (>or=250 mg/dL and <or=599 mg/dL) levels ...
Sharma Suman Bala - - 2010
The antiatherosclerotic effect of aqueous leaves extract of Morus rubra was studied in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats fed with atherosclerotic (Ath) diet [1.5 ml olive oil containing 8 mg (3, 20,000 IU) vitamin D2 and 40 mg cholesterol] for 5 consecutive days. A short-term toxicity assessment was also conducted in healthy ...
Sutin Angelina R - - 2010
Unhealthy lipid levels are among the leading controllable risk factors for coronary heart disease. To identify the psychological factors associated with dyslipidemia, this study investigates the personality correlates of cholesterol (total, LDL, and HDL) and triglycerides. A community-based sample (N=5532) from Sardinia, Italy, had their cholesterol and triglyceride levels assessed ...
Sadrzadeh-Yeganeh Haleh - - 2010
Many studies have been done on the hypocholesterolaemic effect of probiotic yoghurt. The results, however, are not conclusive. The aim of the present study was to test the effect of probiotic and conventional yoghurt on the lipid profile in women. In a randomised trial, ninety female volunteers aged 19-49 years ...
Torabian S - - 2010
Walnuts have been shown to reduce serum lipids in short-term well-controlled feeding trials. Little information exists on the effect and sustainability of walnut consumption for longer duration in a free-living situation. A randomized crossover design in which 87 subjects with normal to moderate high plasma total cholesterol were initially assigned ...
Chung Seockhoon - - 2011
We investigated whether the nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) could have impacts on impaired vascular functions and serum cardiovascular risk factors in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). We enrolled 25 OSAS patients of moderate to severe degree. After polysomnography, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) were ...
Chang Hui Hua - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Our previous report showed that patients with bipolar disorder (BD) have higher prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) and obesity in Taiwan. To confirm whether the metabolic disturbances is associated with the disease itself or the medications used for treating BD, we further compared the metabolic status ...
Vazquez-Prieto Marcela Alejandra - - 2010
The present study examines the effect of chronic administration of dealcoholized red wine Malbec (DRW) on vascular remodeling and NAD(P)H oxidase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase activity (eNOS) in an experimental model of metabolic syndrome induced by fructose administration. Thirty-day old male Wistar rats were fed a normal rat diet ...
Olsson Anders G - - 2010
Advances in clinical lipidology during the last 18 months include the establishment of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) as an important risk marker for cardiovascular disease. Determining hsCRP levels should help the clinician single out patients at particularly high risk. However, more research needs to be done in this area. Furthermore, ...
Isherwood C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Dietary guidelines for the prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) have restricted the intake of foods rich in dietary cholesterol, on the grounds that the dietary cholesterol will increase blood cholesterol. In the case of shellfish, this recommendation may limit the intake of a valuable dietary source of long ...
Harrabi I - - 2010
Dyslipidaemia, which is now seen as one of the most important cardiovascular risk factors, is becoming more common in the younger population. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of tracking serum lipid levels over a four-year period in an urban population of schoolchildren. The study began ...
Nishida Yayoi - - 2010
Studies focusing on the add-on effects of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) other than their antihypertensive effect are receiving attention. However, the effects of prolonged administration of ARBs on lipid metabolism in clinical cases are unclear. Our aims were to survey the changes in plasma lipid profile in ...
Aguilar-Salinas Carlos A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of lipid abnormalities found in the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANut 2006). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information was obtained from 4 040 subjects aged 20 to 69 years, studied after a 9- to 12-hour fast. RESULTS: Median lipid concentrations were: cholesterol 198.5 mg/dl, ...
Pilch Wanda - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: There is little information on lipid metabolism after sauna treatment in the literature. The present research is aimed to determine the influence of sauna baths on fat metabolism in young women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty healthy, eumenhorreic, female volunteers (19-21 yr old) were exposed to Finnish sauna bath seven ...
Okada Kenta - - 2010
To date, there are very few clinical reports that have compared the effects of ezetimibe on lipid parameters between hypercholesterolemic patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this study, we recruited patients for hypercholesterolemic groups with T2DM (n = 42; men/women = 24/18; HbA1c = 6.7 ± ...
Pryde Moira McAllister - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its predisposing risk factors are major lifestyle and behavioral determinants of longevity. Dietary lifestyle choices such as a heart healthy diet, regular exercise, a lean weight, moderate alcohol consumption, and smoking cessation have been shown to substantially reduce CVD and increase longevity. Recent research has shown ...
Fodor George - - 2010
The incidence of dyslipidaemia is high: in 2000, approximately 25% of adults in the USA had total cholesterol greater than 6.2 mmol/L or were taking lipid-lowering medication. Primary prevention in this context is defined as long-term management of people at increased risk but with no clinically overt evidence of CVD - such as ...
Ohlsson Lena - - 2010
Cholesterol synthesized in the body or ingested is an essential lipid component for human survival from our earliest life. Newborns ingest about 3-4 times the amount per body weight through mother's milk compared to the dietary intake of adults. A birth level of 1.7 mmol/L plasma total cholesterol will increase ...
Mandukhail Saf-ur Rehman - - 2010
The objective of present study was to provide the pharmacological basis for the medicinal use of Morinda citrifolia Linn in dyslipidemia using the aqueous-ethanolic extracts of its fruits (Mc.Cr.F), leaves (Mc.Cr.L) and roots (Mc.Cr.R). Mc.Cr.F, Mc.Cr.L and Mc.Cr.R showed antidyslipidemic effects in both triton (WR-1339) and high fat diet-induced dyslipidemic ...
Rutherford Julienne N JN University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Oral Biology, College of Dentistry, 801 S. Paulina Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death in the Philippines, although few studies here have examined the lipid profiles underlying disease risk. The isolated low high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) phenotype has been implicated as a CVD risk factor, the prevalence of which exhibits significant variation across populations. ...
Weeke Peter - - 2010
Obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and unhealthy blood lipid profile are strongly associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). We examined whether blood lipid changes with short term administration of the weight lowering drug, sibutramine and lifestyle modification in obese and overweight high-risk patients was associated with ...
Wiegratz Inka - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effects of extended regimens of combined oral contraceptives (COC) on lipid parameters are largely unknown. The present study compared the effects of a COC containing 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol and 2 mg dienogest (EE/DNG) in conventional and extended-cycle regimen over 1 year. STUDY DESIGN: Lipid parameters were measured ...
Martinez-Gomez David - - 2010
Excessive television (TV) viewing might play an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to examine the independent associations between TV viewing and CVD risk factors in adolescents. A sample of 425 adolescents, aged 13- to 18.5-year-old, was included in this study. ...
Navarro Julio C Acosta - - 2010
In this review, we present the contributions to nutrition science from Latin American native peoples and scientists, appreciated from a historic point of view since pre-historic times to the modern age. Additionally, we present epidemiological and clinical studies on the area of plant-based diets and their relation with the prevention ...
Ooi Lay-Gaik - - 2010
Probiotics are live microorganisms that promote health benefits upon consumption, while prebiotics are nondigestible food ingredients that selectively stimulate the growth of beneficial microorganisms in the gastrointestinal tract. Probiotics and/or prebiotics could be used as alternative supplements to exert health benefits, including cholesterol-lowering effects on humans. Past in vivo studies ...
Hauenschild Annette - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with highly increased plasma triglyceride levels are at risk of developing serious complications such as pancreatitis, coronary heart disease and stroke. Therefore it is important to rapidly decrease plasma triglyceride levels. A sufficient control of triglyceride levels with drugs like fibrates, statins or nicotinic acid can usually only ...
Chandra Prakash - - 2010
Testosterone therapy in men and women results in decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) and increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL). We sought to determine whether testosterone therapy has this same effect on lipid parameters and adipocyte hormones in female-to-male (FTM) transsexuals. Twelve FTM transsexuals provided a fasting lipid profile including serum ...
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