Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1821
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D'Amour Pierre - - 2011
Rats(r) with secondary hyperparathyroidism were studied to define the relationship between vitamin D metabolites and rPTH levels measured by 3 different rat ELISAs. Controls and renal failure (RF) rats were on a normal diet, while 2 groups on a low-calcium (-Ca) or a vitamin D-deficient (-D) diet. RF was induced ...
Esfahani Amin - - 2011
Obesity is rapidly becoming a global epidemic. As it is a significant risk factor for several chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, it is imperative to study dietary and lifestyle approaches that help reduce its prevalence. Recently, due to its possible link to appetite control and metabolism, ...
Schlesinger Daniel P - - 2011
Feeding of raw meat-based diets to pets has become an increasingly popular trend amongst pet owners. Owners, who desire to provide the best for their pets, seek veterinary opinions about food options. This paper reviews and applies standards of evidence-based medicine to grade the available scientific literature that addresses the ...
Pauwels Ernest K J - - 2011
The lower occurrence of cancer and cardiovascular disease in the population around the Mediterranean basin has been linked to the dietary habits of the region. Indeed, this so-called Mediterranean diet is essentially different from the diets consumed in Western and Northern European countries and is rich in nuts, fruits, vegetables, ...
Giordano Domenico - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether myo-inositol, an insulin-sensitizing substance, may improve some features of metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. Eighty postmenopausal women affected by the metabolic syndrome were enrolled prospectively in the study and treated with diet plus supplementation of myo-inositol (2 g BID plus diet: ...
Khoueiry Georges - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease is highly prevalent and has a major effect on morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Dietary factors that may contribute to cardiovascular disease have not been well studied in this population. We hypothesize that dietary intake in this population does not meet the guidelines ...
Postorino Maurizio - - 2010
Hypertriglyceridemia is the most prevalent lipid alteration in end-stage renal disease, and we studied the relationship between serum triglycerides and all-cause and cardiovascular death in these patients. Since abdominal fat modifies the effect of lipids on atherosclerosis, we analyzed the interaction between serum lipids and waist circumference (WC) as a ...
Ferreira Lincoln Evvc - - 2010
To describe the dietary recommendations of experienced endoscopists for patients who have undergone endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and the factors that influence these recommendations. Selected U.S. endoscopists with ERCP experience were surveyed by e-mail. A questionnaire with three hypothetical ERCP cases of patients at low, medium and high risk for ...
Byrd Cristina - - 2010
Lipid and transaminase levels after conversion from immediate-release niacin to extended-release niacin were evaluated. All patients who had their medications converted from Niaspan to Slo-Niacin between March 2008 and January 2009 were considered for evaluation. Subjects who took =2000 mg of Niaspan were automatically converted to Slo-Niacin in a 1:1 ...
Lerman Robert H - - 2010
The macrobiotic diet is a low-fat, high-fiber, high-complex carbohydrate, mainly vegetarian diet. It is associated with a lifestyle system and a spiritual philosophy of life. Unlike many diets, the composition is not fixed and may be altered depending on a person's health status, among other considerations. Studies indicating lower serum ...
Abedi Parvin - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death and disability and remains so in the future. The aim of this study was to detect the impact of a 6-month diet intervention on cardiovascular risk factors in postmenopausal Iranian women. It was a randomized controlled trial that carried out in the ...
Holewijn S - - 2010
To compare apolipoprotein B (apoB), non-high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (non-HDL-c) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c) for identifying individuals with a deteriorated cardiovascular (CV) risk profile, including a panel of subclinical atherosclerosis measurements and prevalent cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a Dutch population-based cohort. Clinical and biochemical measurements and a panel of noninvasive parameters of ...
Hu Miao - - 2010
Plasma levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) are an important predictor of cardiovascular disease, and achievement of lower targets of hsCRP with rosuvastatin treatment was associated with improved cardiovascular outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine whether hsCRP levels were related to genetic variants and traditional cardiovascular risk ...
Morris Stephanie J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE:: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Disease modifying-therapies that improve risk factors for CVD, such as dyslipidemia are desired. This study used an electronic health record to determine if hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) use was associated with an improvement in lipid levels ...
Jenkins David J A - - 2010
Higher intake of monounsaturated fat may raise high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol without raising low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. We tested whether increasing the monounsaturated fat content of a diet proven effective for lowering LDL cholesterol (dietary portfolio) also modified other risk factors for cardiovascular disease, specifically by increasing HDL cholesterol, lowering ...
Fernandez Maria Luz - - 2010
The perceived association between dietary cholesterol (DC) and risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) has resulted in recommendations of no more than 300 mg/d for healthy persons in the United States. These dietary recommendations proposed in the 1960s had little scientific evidence other than the known association between saturated fat ...
Mascitelli Luca - - 2010
Ezetimibe is a lipid-lowering agent that inhibits intestinal absorption of dietary cholesterol. It substantially lowers low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels when used alone or in combination with statins. Although there is a growing push for the continued use of ezetimibe for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, ezetimibe studies available so far ...
Adamsson V - - 2011
the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a healthy Nordic diet (ND) on cardiovascular risk factors. in a randomized controlled trial (NORDIET) conducted in Sweden, 88 mildly hypercholesterolaemic subjects were randomly assigned to an ad libitum ND or control diet (subjects' usual Western diet) for 6 ...
Yokokawa Hirohide - - 2011
Aim: To examine and compare the predictive value of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), TC/HDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios for future cardiovascular outcomes in the general Japanese population.Methods: A total of 24,566 eligible participants aged 18 years or older, without cardiovascular disease, were enrolled through ...
Rizzo M - - 2011
Although dyslipidemia is common in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), current diagnostic guidelines suggest to evaluate only plasma HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations, assuming that, in this disorder, cardiovascular risk is mainly due to the presence of the metabolic syndrome (MS). In the US, MS has been found in up to ...
Reynolds Robyn R Ophthalmic Epidemiology and Genetics Service, New England Eye Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, - - 2010
A genetic variant in the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol pathway, hepatic lipase (LIPC), was discovered to be associated with advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a genome-wide association study. In this study, we evaluated whether LIPC is associated with serum lipids, and whether this gene and serum lipids are independently ...
Jukema J Wouter - - 2010
This analysis of the Lipid Treatment Assessment Project 2 population compared lipid goal attainment by diabetes and metabolic syndrome status. Dyslipidaemic patients aged ≥ 20 years on stable lipid lowering therapy had their lipid levels determined once during enrolment at investigation sites in nine countries between September 2006 and April ...
Salonen Maria M Department of Pediatrics, Kuopio University Hospital and University of Eastern - - 2010
Small birth size is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk, but the mediating factors are poorly understood. Serum lipids, blood pressure (BP), carotid artery intima-media thickness (CA-IMT), and brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (BA-FMD) were studied in 70 20-year-old subjects [35 sex- and age-matched pairs born small (SGA) and appropriate for ...
Contreras Gabriel - - 2010
In moderate and severe CKD, the association of cholesterol with subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD) is weak. We examined whether malnutrition or inflammation (M-I) modifies the risk relationship between cholesterol levels and CVD events in African Americans with hypertensive CKD and a GFR between 20 and 65 ml/min per 1.73 m². ...
Adebayo J O - - 2011
The effects of co-administration of artesunate and amodiaquine on some cardiovascular disease indices were investigated in albino rats (Rattus novergicus). The experimental animals were randomly divided into four groups: those administered distilled water (control), those administered artesunate (2 mg/kg body weight), those administered amodiaquine (6.12 mg/kg body weight) and those ...
Marnewick Jeanine L - - 2011
In South Africa, the plant Aspalathus linearis (Brum.f) Dahlg. (Fabaceae) is traditionally used as a "tea" referred to as rooibos or redbush. This plant has been listed as a medicinal plant based mostly on anecdotal evidence. Despite a long history of traditional use in South Africa, very little scientific data ...
Karhapää P - - 2010
Previous studies have suggested a link between circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-D) and dyslipidaemias. However, it is not known whether 25-D and the active hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25-D) have similar associations with dyslipidaemias. Therefore, we studied the associations between both 25-D and 1,25-D and total cholesterol (total-C), low-density lipoprotein ...
Lindström Torbjörn - - 2011
Determination of lipid levels is fundamental in cardiovascular risk assessment. We studied the short-term effects of fast food-based hyperalimentation on lipid levels in healthy subjects. Twelve healthy men and six healthy women with a mean age of 26 ± 6.6 years and an aged-matched control group were recruited for this ...
Vrbíková Jana - - 2011
The aim of the presented study is to evaluate metabolic features in adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in comparison with age- and BMI-matched subjects. Forty-three adolescents with PCOS according to ESHRE criteria were prospectively evaluated and compared with 48 control subjects. Blood sampling was done in the early follicular ...
Frisbee Stephanie J SJ Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, 1 Medical Center Drive, Morgantown, WV 26506-9105, USA. - - 2010
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) are man-made compounds with widespread presence in human sera. In previous occupational and adult studies, PFOA and PFOS were positively associated with serum lipid levels. To interrogate associations between PFOA and PFOS and serum lipids in children and adolescents. Cross-sectional community-based study. Mid-Ohio River ...
Permpongkosol Sompol - - 2010
Elderly men may suffer from late-onset hypogonadism (LOH). The long-term effects of long-acting testosterone undecanoate (TU) in a large number of LOH men have not yet been reported. Aims.  We analyzed the effects of normalization of plasma testosterone (T) in LOH men. The records of 161 men with LOH (baseline ...
Jamal Mohammad - - 2011
Hyperlipidemia is a known risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease in morbidly obese individuals. The aim of our study was to review the trends in the serum lipid profiles of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at our institution. A retrospective 6-year analysis of data of ...
Toms Tracey E - - 2011
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) associates with excess cardiovascular risk and there is a need to assess that risk. However, individual lipid levels may be influenced by disease activity and drug use, whereas lipid ratios may be more robust. A cross-sectional cohort of 400 consecutive patients was used to establish factors that ...
Takagi H - - 2010
To summarize the present evidence for an association between high-density lipoprotein (HDL) or low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) presence, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of case-control studies that compared serum HDL or LDL cholesterol between patients with AAA and control subjects. MEDLINE and EMBASE ...
Clemente Maria - - 2010
A rare case of glycogen storage disease type III with unusually absent ketone body production during hypoglycemia is presented. A 10-month-old boy presented with asymptomatic hepatomegaly. GOT/GPT 2555/1160 IU/L, CK 302 IU/L, triglycerides 1223 mg/dL, cholesterol 702 mg/dL and uric acid 7.9 mg/dL. After a 9-hour fast, glucose was 27 ...
Freedman David S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: A 2008 report from the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended both population and individual approaches (including pharmacologic interventions) for adolescents who had low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels above various cutoff points (130, 160, and 190 mg/dL). However, the tracking and variability of these very high levels have not been ...
Retnakaran Ravi - - 2010
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Both gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and gestational impaired glucose tolerance (GIGT) identify women at risk of future cardiovascular disease, although the mediators of this risk are unknown. Because lipid factors can contribute to cardiovascular risk, we sought to characterize the relationship between gestational glucose tolerance status and ...
Erukainure Ochuko L - - 2011
Antilipemic/hypocholestermic activities of the methanolic extracts of Globimetula braunii were studied in the tissues of normo and hypercholesteremic rats. Hypercholesteremia was induced in the rats by feeding with dietary cholesterol at a dose of 40mg/kg body weight. A significant increase (p<0.05) was observed in the body and the visceral organs ...
Lampe Fiona C FC Research Department of Infection and Population Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2010
The effect of interruption of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on lipoprotein particle subclasses has not been studied. We examined short-term changes in lipids and lipoprotein particles among 332 HIV-infected individuals randomized to interrupt or continue ART in the "Strategies for Management of Antiretroviral Therapy" trial. Lipids and lipoprotein particles measured by ...
Fukumitsu Satoshi - - 2010
The effects of flaxseed lignan (secoisolariciresinol diglucoside [SDG]) intake on hypercholesterolemia and liver disease risk factors in moderately hypercholesterolemic men were investigated. In a previous study, we reported that SDG attenuates high-fat, diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in mice. Here, we report a double-blinded, randomized, and placebo-controlled study in moderately hypercholesterolemic men in ...
Izzo Raffaele - - 2010
Nutraceuticals (NUTs) are forms of compounds with biological activity and are used to improve health in dosage largely exceeding those obtainable in food. To investigate whether addition of NUTs to lifestyle management including diet counseling improves lipid profile and reduces cardiovascular risk and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). One thousand, ...
Mutanu Jungersted Jakob - - 2010
Lipids in the stratum corneum are key components in the barrier function of the skin. Changes in lipid composition related to eczematous diseases are well known, but limited data are available on variations within healthy skin. The objective of the present study was to compare ceramide subgroups and ceramide/cholesterol ratios ...
Kalábová Hana - - 2011
An increased incidence of complications of atherosclerosis has been noted in cancer survivors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate, in patients with breast carcinoma, the effect of antracycline-based chemotherapy on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), myocardial perfusion, assessed by single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) and laboratory parameters associated with ...
Chawla Varun - - 2010
Dyslipidemia confers a paradoxical survival advantage in patients with kidney failure. Data are limited in the earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This was a cohort study in 840 subjects with stage 3 to 4 CKD enrolled in the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study. Cox models were ...
Bayturan Ozgur - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to characterize the determinants of plaque progression despite achieving very low levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). BACKGROUND: Despite achieving very low levels of LDL-C, many patients continue to demonstrate disease progression and have clinical events. METHODS: A total of 3,437 patients with ...
Mumford Sunni L SL Epidemiology Branch, Division of Epidemiology, Statistics, and Prevention Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, Maryland 20852, - - 2010
Exogenous estrogens have been shown to affect the lipid profile, leading to the hypothesis that endogenous estrogens may have similar effects. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between endogenous estrogen and serum lipoproteins across the menstrual cycle. This was a prospective cohort study. The study was ...
Tanabe Naohito - - 2010
Few Japanese studies have compared serum non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol with serum total cholesterol as factors for predicting risk of cardiovascular events. Currently, few tools accurately estimate the probability of developing cardiovascular events for the Japanese general population. A total of 22,430 Japanese men and women (aged 40-89 years) without ...
Wien Michelle M University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey, USA. - - 2010
The authors tested the hypothesis that in adults with prediabetes, an almond-enriched American Diabetes Association (ADA) diet improves measures of insulin sensitivity and other cardiovascular risk factors compared with an ADA nut-free diet. Randomized parallel-group trial. Outpatient dietary counseling and blood analysis. Sixty-five adult participants with prediabetes. Sixteen weeks of ...
Tungsiripat Marisa M Cleveland Clinic, Ohio, - - 2010
Thymidine reverse transcriptase inhibitors (tNRTI) are strong inhibitors of PPAR-gamma and clearly implicated as a cause of lipoatrophy. Thiazolidenediaones (TZD), potent PPAR-gamma agonists, would be expected to be beneficial in HIV lipoatrophy, but prior studies have been conflicting. None specifically excluded the use of tNRTIs. We report the first study ...
Ashikaga Eijin - - 2010
Levels of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23, a phosphatonin, are frequently elevated in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). However, the role of FGF23 remains unclear because renal FGF receptor function might be impaired. The present cross-sectional study examines a cohort of patients (n ...
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