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Bajerska Joanna J 1 Department of Human Nutrition and Hygiene, Faculty of Food Sciences and Nutrition, Poznań University of Life Sciences , Poznań, Poland - - 2014
Abstract We examined whether the incorporation of green tea extract enriched rye bread (GTRB) into the diet can improve weight loss (WL) maintenance and control of abnormalities linked to metabolic syndrome (MS). A total of 55 obese men and women (mean age: 53.0±7.0 years, body mass index: 35.0±5.5 kg m(-2)) were ...
Larsson Caroline - - 2014
BackgroundOverweight and obesity are the most common nutritional disorders in dogs and may lead to various secondary diseases and decreased lifespan. In obesity research, measurement of energy expenditure (EE) and determination of the energy requirements are essential. The objective with this study was to validate and evaluate the suitability of ...
Diba Diriba D Department of Animal Sciences, Wollega University, P.O. Box 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia, - - 2014
This study was conducted to examine the effect of feeding a mixture of different proportions of Ficus sur fruits (FSF) and ground maize grain (MG) on intake, digestibility, growth, and blood profile on Yorkshire pigs. Dietary treatments comprised 100 % FSF and 0 % MG (100FSF), 67 % FSF and 33 % MG (67FSF), ...
Liu Jiemin J Veterans Research and Education Foundation, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate effects and mechanisms of chronic electrical stimulation at acupoints (CEA) using surgically implanted electrodes on food intake, body weight, and metabolisms in diet-induced obese (DIO) rats. Thirty-six DIO rats were chronically implanted with electrodes at acupoints ST-36 (Zusanli). Three sets of parameters ...
Crane Justin D JD 1] Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. [2] Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) is enriched within interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT) and beige (also known as brite) adipose tissue, but its thermogenic potential is reduced with obesity and type 2 diabetes for reasons that are not understood. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a highly conserved biogenic amine that resides ...
Cho Clara E CE Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
High multivitamin (HV, 10-fold AIN-93G) gestational diets fed to Wistar rats increase food intake, obesity and characteristics of metabolic syndrome in the offspring. We hypothesized that methyl vitamins, and specifically folate, in the HV gestational diet contribute to the obesogenic phenotypes consistent with their epigenetic effects on hypothalamic food intake ...
Lahbib Karima K Laboratory of Heteroatom organic chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerta, University of Carthage, 7021, Jarzouna, - - 2014
Obesity has become a leading global health problem owing to its strong association with a high incidence of oxidative stress. Many epidemiologic studies showed that an antioxidant supplementation decreases the state of oxidative stress. In the present work, a HFD-induced rat obesity and oxidative stress was used to investigate the ...
Vähätalo Laura H LH Department of Pharmacology, Drug Development and Therapeutics, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Drug Research Doctoral Program, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Turku Center for Disease Modeling, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) co-localized with noradrenaline in central and sympathetic nervous systems seems to play a role in the control of energy metabolism. In this study, the aim was to elucidate the effects and pathophysiological mechanisms of increased NPY in catecholaminergic neurons on accumulation of body adiposity. Transgenic mice overexpressing ...
Soto Marion M AgroParisTech, CRNH-IdF, UMR0914 Nutrition Physiology and Ingestive Behavior, F-75005 Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intake of sodas has been shown to increase energy intake and to contribute to obesity in humans and in animal models, although the magnitude and importance of these effects are still debated. Moreover, intake of sugar sweetened beverages is often associated with high-fat food consumption in humans. We studied two ...
Eo Hyeyoon - - 2014
Obesity is considered to be a metaflammatory condition. Ecklonia cava, brown algae rich in polyphenols, have shown strong antioxidant activity in vitro. We investigated the effect of E. cava polyphenol extract (ECPE) on the regulation of fat metabolism, inflammation, and the antioxidant defense system in high fat diet-induced obese mice. ...
Acosta Andres A Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (C.E.N.T.E.R.), Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology and Rochester, - - 2014
Weight loss following pharmacotherapy varies greatly. We aimed to examine associations of quantitative gastrointestinal and psychological traits with obesity, and to validate the ability of these traits to predict responses of obese individuals to pharmacotherapy. In a prospective study, we measured gastric emptying (GE) of solids and liquids, fasting and ...
Adolphe J L JL Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2014
Peas are increasing in popularity as a source of carbohydrate, protein and fibre in extruded canine diets. The aim of this study was to test the health effects of two canine diets with identical macronutrient profiles, but containing either yellow field peas or white rice as the carbohydrate source on ...
Andreoli María Florencia MF Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica y Cuantitativa, Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional del Litoral; Laboratorio de Endocrinología y Tumores Hormonodependientes, Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional del - - 2014
The absence of phytoestrogens in the diet during pregnancy has been reported to result in obesity later in adulthood. We investigated whether phytoestrogen withdrawal in adult life could alter the hypothalamic signals that regulate food intake and affect body weight and glucose homeostasis. Male Wistar rats fed from conception to ...
Ost Anita A Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Stuebeweg 51, 79108 Freiburg, Germany; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linkoping University, 58183 Linkoping, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The global rise in obesity has revitalized a search for genetic and epigenetic factors underlying the disease. We present a Drosophila model of paternal-diet-induced intergenerational metabolic reprogramming (IGMR) and identify genes required for its encoding in offspring. Intriguingly, we find that as little as 2 days of dietary intervention in fathers elicits ...
van Dam Andrea D AD Dept. of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; Einthoven Laboratory for Experimental Vascular Medicine, Leiden, The Netherlands; - - 2014
Salsalate improves glucose intolerance and dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes patients, but the mechanism is still unknown. The aim of the present study was to unravel the molecular mechanisms involved in these beneficial metabolic effects of salsalate by treating mice with salsalate during and after development of high fat diet-induced ...
Dong L F LF Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Hillsborough, Co. Down, BT26 6DR, United Kingdom; Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, Co. Antrim, BT37 0QB, United - - 2014
The objectives of the present study were to investigate the effects of cow group on energy expenditure and utilization efficiency. Data used were collated from 32 calorimetric chamber experiments undertaken from 1992 to 2010, with 823 observations from lactating Holstein-Friesian (HF) cows and 112 observations from other groups of lactating ...
Holmberg E E Umeå Neurosteroid Research Center, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ingestion of energy rich high fat diets is one of the determining factors associated with the obesity epidemic. Therefore, much can be learned from studies of obesity-related substances given to animals fed a high fat diet. The progesterone metabolite allopregnanolone is a potent positive modulator of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A-receptor, ...
Barszcz M M The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences, Jabłonna, - - 2014
The effects of feeding autoclaved commercial SSNIFF (SN) diet and diets containing soya bean (S) and casein (C) to growing conventional (CON) and specified pathogen-free (SPF) rats were determined. Diets S, C and SN, autoclaved at 121 °C during 20 min (T1), at 134 °C during 10 min (T2) and non-autoclaved (T0), were fed ...
Browning Matthew G - - 2014
Abstract Owing to the strong relationship between fat-free mass (FFM) and resting energy expenditure (REE), the preservation of FFM is often emphasized in the treatment of adolescent obesity. Typical treatment regimens including an increased dietary consumption of protein and participation in resistance training are common components of adolescent weight management ...
Ståhle Mona M Dermatology and Venereology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 171 76, - - 2014
Substantial epidemiological evidence indicates that psoriasis associates with a predisposition to develop metabolic dysregulation leading to obesity and insulin resistance. However, the nature of this association and the potential underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In a recent report, Gerdes et al explored the hypothesis that wingless-type MMTV integration site, Wnt5a, which has ...
Philip Karl J J Military Nutrition Division, US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, 15 Kansas Street, Building 42, Natick, MA, USA, 01760. Electronic address: - - 2014
Energy deficit and dietary macronutrient intake are thought to independently modulate cognition, mood and sleep. To what extent manipulating the dietary ratio of protein-to-carbohydrate affects mood, cognition and sleep during short-term energy deficit is undetermined. Using a randomized, block design, 39 non-obese young adults (21±1 y, BMI 25±1kg/m(2)) consumed diets ...
Ohland Christina L CL Department of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, - - 2014
Obesity and the associated state of subchronic inflammation are risk factors for numerous pathologies, including carcinogenesis. Recently, Schulz et al. (2014) demonstrated that high-fat diet-induced intestinal dysbiosis promotes cancer development in K-ras(G12Dint) mice without inducing obesity or mucosal inflammation, positioning microbial activities as a central component of diet-induced carcinogenesis.
Liu Li L Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001, P.R. - - 2014
Fat distribution affects the risk of developing obesity-related chronic diseases. Glypican 4 (Gpc4) may be involved in the regulation of obesity and body fat distribution. The aim of the study was to explore whether Gpc4 affects fat accumulation and the possible mechanism. C57BL/6J mice were fed with a high-fat diet ...
Viana Luciana Verçoza LV Division of Endocrinology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil - - 2014
Diet is the cornerstone treatment of patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), but its role in maternal and newborn outcomes has been scarcely studied. The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficacy of dietary interventions on maternal or newborn outcomes in patients with GDM. A systematic review and ...
Khajali Fariborz F Shahrekord University Department of Animal Science Shahrekord 88186-34141 - - 2014
An experiment was carried out to examine the effects of L-carnitine supplementation on growth performance and cardiopulmonary function of broiler chickens reared at high altitude (2100 m above sea level). A total of 96 day-old male chicks (Cobb 500) were randomly assigned into two dietary treatments containing 0 (control group) ...
Lapice Emanuela E Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University of Naples, Via S Pansini 5, 80131, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
The aim of this report is to perform a systematic review and qualitative synthesis of the literature to address whether, and to what extent, diet modulates the effects of the Pro12Ala polymorphism of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 2 (PPARγ2) on body weight and other measures of adiposity. A systematic search ...
Bompadre T F V - - 2014
Little is known about the gender differences in energetic requirements of goats in early life. In this study, we determined the energy requirements for maintenance and gain in intact male, castrated male and female Saanen goat kids using the comparative slaughter technique and provide new data on their body composition ...
Park Chan S CS Department of Animal Science and Technology, Konkuk University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
An experiment was conducted to determine the digestible energy (DE) and metabolizable energy (ME) concentrations in nine sources of corn grains fed to growing pigs and to compare the energy values among their countries of origin. A total of nine sources of corn grains including five sources of yellow corn ...
Wang Gong Ying GY Department of Animal Sciences and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, - - 2014
Thirty-two sows were allocated to four treatments to evaluate the effect of dietary star anise (SA) supplementation during gestation and lactation on the lactational performance of sows. At 85 days of gestation, sows were randomly allotted to one of two diets supplemented with 0.5% SA or basal diet. After farrowing, ...
Zhao Pinyao P Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University, Cheonan, Choongnam, South - - 2014
This study was conducted to evaluate effects of beet pulp supplementation on growth performance, fecal moisture, serum hormones and litter performance in lactating sows. Ninety primiparous sows (Landrace × Yorkshire) were randomly allotted to one of three dietary treatments in a 21-day trial starting 3 days before parturition. The three dietary treatments ...
Di Renzo Laura - - 2014
BackgroundMethylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphisms were found associated with body mass index (BMI)-defined obesity and lean mass.The aim of our study was to examine the role of the C677T MTHFR gene polymorphism in the response to diet in the management of metabolic syndrome. We investigated the body composition and metabolic ...
Goni Leticia L Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, Irunlarrea, 1, 31008, Pamplona, - - 2015
There is little evidence about genetic risk score (GRS)-diet interactions in order to provide personalized nutrition based on the genotype. The aim of the study was to assess the value of a GRS on obesity prediction and to further evaluate the interactions between the GRS and dietary intake on obesity. ...
Xu Yan Y Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety (Tianjin University of Science & Technology), Ministry of Education, Tianjin 300457, China. - - 2014
Beneficial effects of green tea (Camellia sinensis, Theaceae) extracts against obesity have been reported; however, the anti-obesity ability of the major components of green tea, polysaccharides, polyphenols and caffeine is not clear. Therefore, experiments with total green tea extracts, polyphenols, polysaccharides, caffeine, and a complex of polysaccharide and polyphenol at ...
Jang Woo-Seok WS Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea. - - 2014
Osteoporosis, an age associated skeletal disease, exhibits increased adipogenesis at the expense of osteogenesis from common osteoporotic bone marrow cells. In this study, black rice (Oryza sativa L.) extracts (BRE) were identified as osteogenic inducers. BRE stimulated the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in both C3H10T1/2 and primary bone marrow cells. ...
Orlando Patrick P Department of Clinical and Dental Sciences, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a high-fat diet (HFD) on oxidative indexes in WistarOttawaKarlsburg W (WOKW) rats used as a model of metabolic syndrome in comparison with Dark Agouti (DA) rats used as a control strain. This syndrome is defined by the occurrence of ...
Habte-Tsion Habte-Michael HM Wuxi Fisheries College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214081, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
A feeding trial was conducted to investigate the impacts of deficient and excess dietary threonine levels on weight gain, plasma enzymes activities, immune responses and expressions of immune-related genes in the intestine of juvenile blunt snout bream. Triplicate groups of fish (initial weight 3.01 ± 0.01g, 30 fish per tank) ...
Ahmed Mohamed M MM a Department of Biotechnology, College of Science , Taif University , Taif , Saudi - - 2014
The present study investigated the anti-obesity effects of pomegranate (Punica granatum) juices from the two Saudi Arabian, Taif red, Taif white, and Egyptian pomegranates in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats. Administrating any of the used juices decreased the body weight gain, food consumption, and serum levels of lipid, leptin, and ...
O'Neil Carol E - - 2014
The effect of different breakfast consumption patterns on nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity status is unknown. To compare nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity measures of consumers assigned to different breakfast patterns with breakfast skippers. These associations were assessed in adults 19+ years (N=18,988) participating in the 2001-2008 National ...
Alcantara Iris I 1Emory Prevention Research Center,Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education,Rollins School of Public Health,Emory University,1518 Clifton Road NE,Atlanta,GA - - 2014
To compare commonly used dietary screeners for fat intake and fruit and vegetable intake with 24 h dietary recalls among low-income, overweight and obese African-American women. Three telephone interviews were completed; measures included two 24 h dietary recalls (a weekday and weekend day) using the Nutrition Data System for Research ...
Krimpen M M Van MM a Wageningen UR Livestock Research , PO Box 65, NL-8200 AB Lelystad , The - - 2014
Abstract 1. The main dietary challenge in organic laying hen production is to fulfil the digestible methionine (MET) requirement in a diet consisting of ingredients of organic origin only. 2. The aim of the present experiment was to determine the response of organic housed laying hens (26 to 34 weeks ...
Kim Soo M SM Department of Medicine, Division of Genetics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2014
Fat mass expansion occurs by adipocyte hypertrophy or recruitment of differentiating adipocyte progenitors, the relative balance of which may impact systemic metabolism. We measured adipogenesis in murine subcutaneous (sWAT) and visceral white adipose tissue (vWAT) using stable isotope methodology and then modeled adipocyte turnover. Birth and death rates were similar ...
Azzam M M M MM a Feed Science Institute, Zhejiang University , Hangzhou 310029 , - - 2014
Abstract 1. The aim of this study was to evaluate the tolerance of laying hens for an excessive L-valine (L-val) supply on laying performance, egg quality, serum free amino acids, immune function, and antioxidant enzyme activities of laying hens. 2. A total number of 720 HyLine Brown hens were allocated ...
Smyers Mark E ME School of Biomedical Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA; Department of Biological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, OH, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Daily physical activity shows substantial inter-individual variation, and low physical activity is associated with obesity and weight gain. Elevated physical activity is also associated with high intrinsic aerobic capacity, which confers considerable metabolic health benefits. Rats artificially selected for high intrinsic aerobic capacity (high-capacity runners, HCR) are more physically active ...
Varbo Anette A Clinical Biochemistry, Herlev University Hospital, Copenhagen University - - 2014
Rationale: Obesity leads to increased ischemic heart disease (IHD) risk, but the risk is thought to be mediated through intermediate variables and may not be caused by increased weight per se. Objective: To test the hypothesis that the increased IHD risk due to obesity is mediated through lipoproteins, blood pressure, ...
Netto Bárbara Dal Molin BD Post-Graduate Program of Nutrition, Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP, Rua Marselhesa, 630 - Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP, 04020-060, Brazil, - - 2014
The low-grade inflammatory state in obesity leads to insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction, which promote cardiovascular diseases in individuals with obesity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early effects of weight loss achieved through bariatric surgery on the inflammatory and prothrombotic states. This study also aimed to ...
Han Junfeng J Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Clinical Center for Diabetes, Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus, Shanghai Key Clinical Center for Metabolic Disease, Shanghai 200233, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with increased risk of developing numerous adverse health conditions. Cathepsin k (CTSK) is highly expressed in adipose tissues of obese patients and animal models. Although CTSK has been demonstrated to promote adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells, the effects of CTSK selective inhibitor (CKSI) on weight gain and ...
Singh Sultan S Plant Animal Relationship Division, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi, 284003, UP, India, - - 2014
Fifteen Bhadawari buffalo heifers of 207 ± 9.78 kg mean body weight were randomly distributed into three dietary groups to evaluate the effect of protein level on nutrient utilization, nitrogen (N) balance, growth rate, blood metabolites, and puberty. All animals were offered wheat straw-berseem diets supplemented with concentrate mixtures of similar energy ...
Park H-J HJ Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South - - 2014
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5HT) is involved in hypothalamic regulation of energy consumption. Also, the gut microbiome can influence neuronal signaling to the brain through vagal afferent neurons. Therefore, serotonin concentrations in the central nervous system and the composition of the microbiota can be related to obesity. To examine adipokine, and, serotonin ...
Yang Tianxu T Edison Biotechnology Institute, OH University, Athens, - - 2014
Reduced growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels have been associated with improved glucose metabolism and increased longevity despite obesity in multiple mouse lines. However, one mouse line, the growth hormone receptor antagonist (GHA) transgenic mouse, defies this trend as it has reduced GH action and increased ...
Schloesser Anke A University of Kiel, Institute of Human Nutrition and Food Science, Kiel, Germany ; - - 2014
Dietary restriction on a normal low fat diet improves metabolic health and may prolong lifespan. However, it is still uncertain whether restriction of an energy dense high fat diet would also be beneficial and mitigate age-related processes. In the present study we therefore determined biomarkers of metabolic health, energy metabolism ...
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