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Cao Yanli Y Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Institute of Endocrinology, Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Endocrine Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, we hypothesized that epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) would suppress inflammation in the pancreas, and thus, we investigated the effects that EGCG administration had in the pancreas of rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). To test our hypothesis, 30 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 2 groups: normal diet ...
Zhao Xia X College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, People's Republic of - - 2014
Selenium (Se) deficiency induces pancreatic atrophy in chickens, but the molecular mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of dietary Se deficiency on the expressions of 25 selenoproteins and the content of nitric oxide (NO) and examined the relationship between selenoproteins and NO. Chickens (180; 1 day old) ...
Onopchenko Oleksandra V OV Department of Biochemistry of Lipids, Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (NASU), 9 Leontovicha Street, Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine, - - 2014
This study investigates the protective effect of N-stearoylethanolamine (NSE), a bioactive N-acylethanolamine , on the lipid profile distribution in the pancreas of obesity-induced insulin resistant (IR) rats fed with prolonged high fat diet (58 % of fat for 6 months). The phospholipid composition was determined using 2D thin-layer chromatography. The level of ...
Hachero-Cruzado I I IFAPA Centro El Toruño, Junta de Andalucía, Camino Tiro Pichón s/n, 11500 El Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this work was to evaluate the genomic responses of premetamorphic sole larvae (9days post-hatching, dph) fed diets with different lipid and triacylglycerol (TAG) content. For this purpose, two diets with high (rotifers enriched with a fish oil-based emulsion; referred to as HTAG) and low (rotifers enriched with ...
Graus-Nunes Francielle F Laboratory of Morphometry, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Disease, Biomedical Center, Institute of Biology, State University of Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of maternal obesity on pancreas structure and carbohydrate metabolism in early adult life, focusing on the F1 and F2 generations after F0 maternal pregestational, gestation, and lactation high-fat diet (HF). C57 BL/6 female mice (F0) were fed standard chow (SC) ...
Abbott Marcia J MJ Chapman - - 2014
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has been studied extensively and postulated to be a target for the treatment and/or prevention of metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance. Exercise training has been deemed a beneficial treatment for obesity and insulin resistance. Further, exercise is a feasible method to combat high fat diet-induced ...
Andrade Eric Francelino EF a Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras 37200-000, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
We evaluated the effects of oral glycerol supplementation on trained rats fed a normal diet. Wistar rats were distributed among 6 groups in a completely randomized 2 × 3 factorial design. The animals were subjected to 6 weeks of aerobic training. In the last 4 weeks, the animals' diet was ...
Júdice Pedro B PB a Exercise and Health Laboratory, CIPER, Faculdade Motricidade Humana , Universidade de Lisboa , Lisboa , - - 2014
Abstract Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a health risk. Even in athletes an increased adiposity affects health and performance. Sedentary behaviour has been associated with higher levels of adiposity, independent of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. However, it is unclear whether this independent relationship ...
Markofski Melissa M MM Sealy Center on Aging, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, 301 University St., Galveston, TX, 77555-0177, USA, - - 2014
Exercise training reduces systemic inflammation in weight-stable people, but concurrent diet-induced body weight loss is not well studied. We hypothesized that resistance training would decrease inflammatory monocyte percentage and improve biomarkers associated with disease risk, independent of weight loss. Forty physically inactive (PI) subjects (58.0 ± 5.7 years; BMI 30.1 ± 4.3 kg m(-2)) completed baseline testing, ...
Couto Patricia Guimaraes PG *Endurance Performance Research Group. School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, Brazil †Sport Science Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science (CAV), Federal University of Pernambuco and Federal University of Alagoas, Brazil ‡Human Movement Studies Group, Physical Education Department, Federal University of Lavras, - - 2014
A randomized crossover trial was designed to analyze the impact of a short-term, isoenergetic fat- or carbohydrate (CHO)-rich diet on substrate oxidation rates during submaximal exercise and on performance in a 10,000-m running time trial in trained, mid- to late-pubertal boys. An incremental test was performed to determine the peak ...
Souza Markus Vinicius Campos MV Department of Physiological Sciences, Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, - - 2014
We investigated the influence of resistance training on body composition and matrix metalloproteinase 2 activity in skeletal muscles of rats fed a high-fat diet. Thirty-two Wistar rats were divided into four experimental groups (n = 8/each) according to diet and exercise status: Control (standard diet), Obese Control (high-fat diet), Resistance Training (standard ...
Farzaneh Esmail E Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, - - 2014
Regular moderate intensity physical activity and lipid lowering effects of Nigella sativa (N. sativa) supplementation may be appropriate management for sedentary overweight females. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the effects of long-term N. sativa supplementation and aerobic training on lipid profile and maximal oxygen consumption ...
Antonio Jose J Exercise and Sports Sciences, Nova Southeastern University, 3532 S. University Drive, University Park Plaza Suite 3532, Davie, FL 33314, - - 2014
The consumption of dietary protein is important for resistance-trained individuals. It has been posited that intakes of 1.4 to 2.0 g/kg/day are needed for physically active individuals. Thus, the purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of a very high protein diet (4.4 g/kg/d) on body composition in ...
Haghshenas Rouhollah R Department of Human Science, Semnan University, Semnan, - - 2014
Consumption of high-fat foods is one of the major causes of obesity. Physical exercise is a strategy used to counteract obesity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks endurance training and high-fat diet (HFD) on appetite-regulating hormones in rat plasma. TWENTY EIGHT MALE WISTAR ...
Russell M - - 2013
Optimised nutritional intake is well established as being one of a multiplicity of factors that contributes to the development of attaining peak sporting performance. Few studies have sought to investigate the dietary habits of adolescent, as opposed to adult, swimmers; especially those competing in the United Kingdom. Therefore the purpose ...
Bozzetto L - - 2013
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a supervised physical training added to a healthy diet-rich in either carbohydrate and fibre (CHO/fibre) or monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA)-on postprandial dyslipidaemia, an independent cardiovascular risk factor particularly relevant in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Participants were forty-five overweight/obese subjects ...
Witard Oliver C - - 2013
The present study examined whether a high protein diet prevents the attenuated leukocyte redistribution in response to acute exercise caused by a large volume of high-intensity exercise training. Eight cyclists (VO2max: 64.2 ± 6.5 mL kg(-1)·min(-1)) undertook two separate weeks of high-intensity training while consuming either a high protein diet ...
Helms Eric R - - 2013
Caloric restriction occurs when athletes attempt to reduce body fat or make weight. There is evidence that protein needs increase when athletes restrict calories or have low body fat. The aims of this review were to evaluate the effects of dietary protein on body composition in energy-restricted resistance-trained athletes and ...
Antunes Barbara de Moura M Bde M Unesp, Rio ClaroSP, - - 2013
OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of a 20-week concurrent training on the variables of body composition, lipid profile, and fatty liver diagnosis in obese adolescents. METHODS An open clinical trial was carried out with 34 obese adolescents aged between 12 and 15 years. Total body fat, trunk fat mass, total ...
Roberts Christian K CK Exercise and Metabolic Disease Research Laboratory, Translational Sciences Section, School of Nursing, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2013
We examined the impact of strength fitness and body weight on the redox properties of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and associations with indices of vascular and metabolic health. Ninety young men were categorized into three groups: 1) overweight untrained (OU; n = 30; BMI 30.7 ± 2.1 kg/m(2)); 2) overweight trained ...
Auerbach Pernille - - 2013
Obese individuals are characterized by low circulating adiponectin concentrations and an increased number of macrophages in adipose tissue, which is believed to be causally associated with chronic low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance. Regular physical exercise decreases overall morbidity in obese subjects which may be due to modulations of inflammatory pathways. ...
Zillmann Teresa T Institute for General Practice and for Health Services Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2013
Participation in endurance running such as half-marathon (21-km) and marathon (42-km) has increased over the last decades. We compared 147 recreational male half-marathoners and 126 recreational male marathoners to investigate similarities or differences in their anthropometric and training characteristics. The half-marathoners were heavier (P < 0.05), had longer legs (P ...
Whitehead K A - - 2013
There is an increasing emphasis on the development of communication skills for dietitians but few evidence-based assessment tools available. The present study aimed to develop a dietetic-specific, short, reliable and valid assessment tool for measuring communication skills in patient consultations: DIET-COMMS. A literature review and feedback from 15 qualified dietitians ...
Leite Richard Diego - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of resistance training (RT) on body composition, systolic and diastolic blood pressures (BP), and activity of muscle MMP-2 in the left ventricle of high-fat fed rats. We have evaluated 32 male Wistar rats divided into four experimental groups (n=8/each) according ...
Sillanpää Elina - - 2013
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined responsiveness of bioimpedance (BIA) to detect changes over time in body composition using a longitudinal design. Accuracy of BIA and skinfold thickness in estimating body composition among 39-64 year-old women was investigated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as a criterion method both cross-sectionally and during a ...
Dutheil Frédéric - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Opinions differ over the exercise modalities that best limit cardiovascular risk (CVR) resulting from visceral obesity in individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). As little is known about the combined effects of resistance and endurance training at high volumes under sound nutritional conditions, we aimed to analyze the impact of ...
Margolis Lee M - - 2013
Small Unit Tactics (SUT) is a 64-day phase of the Special Forces Qualification Course designed to simulate real-world combat operations. Assessing the metabolic and physiological responses of such intense training allows greater insights into nutritional requirements of soldiers during combat. The purpose of this study was to examine energy balance ...
Haakonssen Eric C - - 2013
Body composition in a female road cyclist was measured using Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA; five occasions) and anthropometry (ten occasions) at the start of the season (Dec - Mar), during a period of chronic fatigue associated with poor weight management (Jun - Aug), and in the following months of recovery ...
Perez-Gomez Jorge - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 10-week of endurance training or resistance training on regional and abdominal fat, and in the lipid profile, examining the associations among the changes in body composition, weight, waist circumference and lipid profile. Body composition, waist circumference and lipid profile ...
Gillen Jenna B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training (HIT) performed in the fasted (FAST) versus fed (FED) state on body composition, muscle oxidative capacity, and glycemic control in overweight/obese women. DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixteen women (27 ± 8 years, BMI: 29 ± 6 kg/m(2) , VO2peak : 28 ...
Knobel S M - - 2013
Two hundred and forty heifers were fed at Oklahoma State University in Stillwater, in one of two treatment groups: a dry rolled corn (CON) diet or a diet including 30% wet distillers grain plus solubles (WDGS). Chuck rolls (n = 60) and paired strip loins (n = 75 pairs; 38 ...
Ghorbanian Bahloul - - 2013
Early obesity and its transfer to the adulthood, increases likelihood incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD). ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABCA1) as a member of the ABC transporters family plays a crucial role in reverse cholesterol transport and CAD prevention. The current study aimed to investigate ABCA1 expression in lymphocytes, plasma ...
Lugaresi Rebeca - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of creatine supplementation on kidney function in resistance-trained individuals ingesting a high-protein diet. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed. The participants were randomly allocated to receive either creatine (20 g/d for 5 d followed by 5 g/d throughout the ...
Tanda Giovanni G DIME, Università degli Studi di Genova, Genova, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of anthropometric characteristics and training indices on marathon race times in recreational male marathoners. Training and anthropometric characteristics were collected for a large cohort of recreational male runners (n = 126) participating in the Basel marathon in Switzerland between 2010 ...
Mielgo-Ayuso Juan J Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Haro Volleyball Club, Nutrition Centre of La Rioja, C/ Donantes de sangre, 14,26200 Haro, La Rioja, Spain. - - 2013
The relationship between cardiovascular disease and lipid profile is well known. Apart from a heart-healthy diet, exercise is the primary factor that can modify this lipid-associated cardiovascular risk. The aim of the study was to evaluate potential changes in the levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDLc), and ...
Trabelsi Khaled - - 2013
Muslim bodybuilders often continue training during Ramadan. However, the effect of resistance training in a fasted versus a fed state during Ramadan on body composition and metabolic parameters in bodybuilders is not well known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance training in a fasted ...
Scholten Shane D SD Department of Natural Sciences, University of Sioux Falls, Sioux Falls, SD, - - 2013
To evaluate the effects of chronic quercetin supplementation on endurance performance and antioxidant status in long distance runners. We hypothesized that an improved antioxidant status can be associated with enhanced performance. During 6 weeks of supplementation utilizing a double blind, randomized design, young male subjects received quercetin (1000 mg/day) or ...
Ringmark S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to, from a holistic perspective, describe the effects of a forage-only feeding system and a conventional training program on young Standardbred horses and compare data with similar observations from the literature. Sixteen Standardbred colts fed a forage-only diet for 4 months from breaking (August ...
Campillo Rodrigo Ramírez - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a localized muscle endurance resistance training program on total body and regional tissue composition. Seven men and four women (23±1 years of age) trained with their non-dominant leg during 12 weeks, three sessions per week. Each session consisted ...
Aquino Antonio E AE Jr Optics Group from Institute of Physics of São Carlos (IFSC), University of São Paulo (USP), São Carlos, Brazil. - - 2013
Obesity and associated dyslipidemia is the fastest growing health problem throughout the world. The combination of exercise and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) could be a new approach to the treatment of obesity and associated disease. In this work, the effects of LLLT associated with exercises on the lipid metabolism in ...
Côté Isabelle - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of an atherogenic diet (AD; 40 % lipid, 1.25 % cholesterol, kcal) on triglyceride (TAG) and cholesterol accumulation in liver and on gene expression of liver X receptor (LXR) and farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and their target genes and to observe ...
Lamprecht Manfred - - 2013
Regular consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) is widely regarded as an important contributor to a healthy diet. Inadequate consumption of plant foods is associated with an inadequate supply of important micronutrients like vitamins, phytochemicals and minerals. In athletes a deficit of these micronutrients can lead to excessive production of ...
García-Unciti M - - 2012
Lifestyle changes such as following a hypocaloric diet and regular physical exercise are recognized as effective non-pharmacological interventions to reduce body fat mass and prevent cardiovascular disease risk factors. Purpose: To evaluate the interactions of a higher protein (HP) vs. a lower protein (LP) diet with or without a concomitant ...
Aguiar E Silva Marco Aurélio - - 2012
The present study aimed to investigate the beneficial effects of swim training on the promotion-progression stages of rat liver carcinogenesis. Male Wistar rats were submitted to chemically induced liver carcinogenesis and allocated into 4 major groups, according their dietary regimen (16 weeks) and swim training of 5 days per week (8 weeks): 2 groups ...
Păstrăiguş Carmen - - 2012
The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of aerobic training on the dyslipedemia in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Prospective observational six-month study performed on 40 patients with KOA, fulfilling the inclusion criteria, classified according to their participation in specific aerobic training program (30 minutes/day, 5 days/ ...
Briand François - - 2012
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes, but their benefits on reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) remain unknown. We evaluated the effects of DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin 500mg/kg/day on RCT in obese insulin resistant CETP-apoB100 transgenic mice. Metformin 300mg/kg/day orally was used as a reference compound. Both metformin ...
Zapico Augusto G - - 2012
At present, scientific consensus exists on the multifactorial etiopatogenia of obesity. Both professionals and researchers agree that treatment must also have a multifactorial approach, including diet, physical activity, pharmacology and/or surgical treatment. These two last ones should be reserved for those cases of morbid obesities or in case of failure ...
Ouimet Mireille - - 2011
Cholesterol efflux from macrophages is the first and potentially most important step in reverse cholesterol transport, a process especially relevant to atherosclerosis and to the regression of atherosclerotic plaques. Increasingly, lipid droplet (LD) cholesteryl ester (CE) hydrolysis is being recognized as a rate-limiting step in cholesterol efflux. The traditional view ...
de Boer Jan Freark - - 2012
Type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM) increases atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; however, the underlying pathophysiology is still incompletely understood. We investigated whether experimental T1DM impacts HDL-mediated reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). C57BL/6J mice with alloxan-induced T1DM had higher plasma cholesterol levels (P < 0.05), particularly within HDL, and increased hepatic cholesterol content (P ...
Zahoor-Ul-Hassan - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate the phagocytic potential of macrophages in progeny of breeder hens kept on an OTA-contaminated diet. For this purpose, 84 White Leghorn (WL) layer breeder hens (40-weeks-of-age) were divided into seven groups (A-G). Hens in Group A were fed a commercial layer ration while those in ...
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