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Xiao Yunjun Y From the Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Key Laboratory of Modern Toxicology of Shenzhen, Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen, China (Y.X., W.H., J.Z., C.P.); and Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China (Y.X., M.X., W.L.). xyjszcdc@163.com - - 2014
S-Adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) is a better predictor of cardiovascular disease than homocysteine is, and it has been implicated in mediating the pathogenicity of hyperhomocysteinemia in atherosclerosis via an epigenetic mechanism. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we tested the hypothesis whether the effect of SAH on atherosclerosis is involved in ...
Toro P - - 2013
Animal epidemiological and clinical studies suggest that cholesterol is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Nevertheless, the relation of cholesterol to mild cognitive impairment (MCI), influence of APOE genotype and its changes in lifespan is controversial. We investigated the potential impact of plasma total cholesterol (TC) on development of ...
Pruvost Isabelle - - 2013
Dehydration secondary to gastroenteritis is one of the most common reasons for office visits and hospital admissions. The indicator most commonly used to estimate dehydration status is acute weight loss. Post-illness weight gain is considered as the gold-standard to determine the true level of dehydration and is widely used to ...
Liu Yu-Tsung - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with weight gain by psychiatric inpatients in short-term treatment. A total of 378 medical records were reviewed, and sociodemographic, clinical, and baseline biochemical data from 221 psychiatric inpatients were analyzed. Evaluation of baseline characteristics indicated that the following were ...
Kim Eun-Jin - - 2012
There is increasing evidence that the retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor α (RORα) plays an important role in the regulation of metabolic pathways, particularly of fatty acid and cholesterol metabolism; however, the role of RORα in the regulation of hepatic lipogenesis has not been studied. Here, we report that RORα ...
Roth Christian L CL Division of Endocrinology, Seattle Children’s Hospital Research Institute, 1900 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101, USA. - - 2012
Childhood obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Recent studies have found associations between vitamin D deficiency (VDD), insulin resistance (IR), and NAFLD among overweight children. To further explore mechanisms mediating these effects, we fed young (age 25 days) Sprague-Dawley rats with a ...
Zhang Chunbin C Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics,The Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, - - 2012
cAMP responsive element-binding protein, hepatocyte specific (CREBH), is a liver-specific transcription factor localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Our previous work demonstrated that CREBH is activated by ER stress or inflammatory stimuli to induce an acute-phase hepatic inflammation. Here, we demonstrate that CREBH is a key metabolic regulator of ...
Trevaskis James L - - 2012
These preclinical studies aimed to 1) increase our understanding the dietary induction of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and, 2) further explore the utility and mechanisms of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonism in NASH. We compared the effects of a high trans-fat (HTF) or high lard fat (HLF) diet on key facets ...
D'souza Anna M - - 2012
Chronically elevated glucocorticoids (GCs) and a high fat diet (HFD) independently induce insulin resistance, abdominal obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). GCs themselves have been linked to increased food intake, particularly energy dense "comfort" foods. Thus, we examined the synergistic actions of GCs and HFD on hepatic disease development ...
Rasouli Mehdi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intra-hepatic metabolism of lipids is subject to hormonal, metabolic and neural regulation, but little is known about the latter. Catecholamines stimulate the output of glucose and inhibit the release of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) from the liver. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects and involved mechanism of liver denervation ...
de Souza Russell J - - 2012
Weight loss reduces body fat and lean mass, but whether these changes are influenced by macronutrient composition of the diet is unclear. We determined whether energy-reduced diets that emphasize fat, protein, or carbohydrate differentially reduce total, visceral, or hepatic fat or preserve lean mass. In a subset of participants in ...
Storey Stephen M - - 2012
A major gap in our knowledge of rapid hepatic HDL cholesterol clearance is the role of key intracellular factors that influence this process. Although the reverse cholesterol transport pathway targets HDL to the liver for net elimination of free cholesterol from the body, molecular details governing cholesterol uptake into hepatocytes ...
Nadal-Casellas Antònia - - 2012
Ectopic deposition of lipids in liver and other extrahepatic tissues alters their function and occurs once adipose tissue fat storage capacity is exceeded. We investigated sexual dimorphism in the effects of dietary obesity on the liver insulin signaling pathway, as well as its connection to differences in hepatic fat accumulation. ...
Yang Fang - - 2012
We investigated the influence of an egg-enriched diet on plasma, hepatic and fecal lipid levels and on gene expression levels of transporters, receptors and enzymes involved in cholesterol metabolism. Sprague-Dawley rats fed an egg-enriched diet had lower plasma triglycerides, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, hepatic triglyceride, and cholesterol concentrations, ...
Ni Shaoqing - - 2012
We aimed to investigate the effects of high-fat and high-energy (HFHE) diets on the hepatic expression of cytochrome P-450 3A (CYP3A) in developing female rats. The pups of the dams fed with the standard diet were defined as the NN group and those fed the HFHE diet were defined as ...
Liu Yang - - 2012
Patt1 is a newly identified protein acetyltransferase that is highly expressed in liver. However, the role of Patt1 in liver is still unclear. We generated Patt1 liver-specific knockout (LKO) mice and mainly measured the effect of hepatic Patt1 deficiency on lipid metabolism. Hepatic Patt1 deficiency in male mice markedly decreases ...
Kobayashi Maki - - 2012
We examined the effects of lactic acid fermentation of soymilk on the lipid profile and lipid metabolism-related gene expression in rat liver. Male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 7 weeks were fed a control diet (AIN-93), soymilk diet, or fermented soymilk diet for 1 week or 5 weeks. The hepatic triglyceride and ...
Sankhari Jayanta M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen species plays an important role in the aetiology of several diseases including atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. Anthocyanin-rich extracts have been shown to possess a variety of therapeutic roles, including antioxidant, cardioprotective and hepatoprotective properties. The present inventory was undertaken to evaluate the ...
Pyra Kim A - - 2012
Independently, metformin (MET) and the prebiotic, oligofructose (OFS), have been shown to increase glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) secretion. Our objective was to determine whether using OFS as an adjunct with MET augments GLP-1 secretion in obese rats. Male, diet-induced obese Sprague Dawley rats were randomized to: 1) high-fat/-sucrose diet [HFHS; control ...
Bai Qianming Q Department of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University/Veterans Affairs McGuire Medical Center, Richmond, VA 23249, - - 2012
Cytosolic sulfotransferase (SULT2B1b) catalyzes oxysterol sulfation. 5-Cholesten-3β-25-diol-3-sulfate (25HC3S), one product of this reaction, decreases intracellular lipids in vitro by suppressing liver X receptor/sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1c signaling, with regulatory properties opposite to those of its precursor 25-hydroxycholesterol. Upregulation of SULT2B1b may be an effective strategy to treat hyperlipidemia ...
Krupp Danika - - 2012
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), frequently already present in young subjects, has been linked to reduced growth hormone levels and signaling. Similar hormonal changes occur during metabolic acidosis (MA), which may thus contribute to an increased NAFLD risk. Because subclinical MA can be diet induced, we aimed to examine whether ...
Bellanger Natacha - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of CETP inhibition on the capacity of individual postprandial HDL subspecies to promote key steps of the reverse cholesterol transport pathway. METHODS: The capacity of HDL particles to mediate cellular free cholesterol efflux and selective hepatic uptake of cholesteryl esters was evaluated throughout postprandial phase ...
Li Qingling Q Department of Nutrition, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2012
Our previous work in perfused rat livers has demonstrated that 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) is catabolized predominantly via β oxidation. Therefore, we hypothesized that perturbations in β oxidation, such as diet-altered fatty acid oxidation activity, could lead to changes in HNE levels. To test our hypothesis, we (i) developed a simple and ...
Rouvinen-Watt Kirsti - - 2012
American mink (Neovison vison) develop fatty liver quickly in response to food deprivation, which results in preferential mobilisation of n-3 PUFA. The altered n-3:n-6 PUFA ratio in the liver may activate the endocannabinoid system resulting in increased lipid synthesis. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects ...
Vigerust Natalya Filipchuk - - 2012
The 3-thia fatty acid tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA) is a synthetic modified fatty acid, which, similar with dietary fish oil (FO), influences the regulation of lipid metabolism, the inflammatory response and redox status. This study was aimed to penetrate the difference in TTA's mode of action compared to FO in a ...
Yun Kang Uk - - 2012
PURPOSE: Obesity, a feature of metabolic syndrome, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and elevated plasma homocysteine is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. However, little published information is available concerning the effect of obesity on homocysteine metabolism. METHODS: Hepatic homocysteine metabolism was determined in male C57BL/6 mice fed a ...
Liao Yi-Jen - - 2012
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with the development of metabolic syndromes and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Cholesterol accumulation is related to NAFLD, whereas its detailed mechanism is not fully understood. Previously, we reported that glycine N-methyltransferase (GNMT) knockout (Gnmt(-/-)) mice develop chronic hepatitis and HCC. In this study, we ...
Tzeng Thing-Fong - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the antiobesity and antihyperlipidemic effects of vinegar-baked Radix Bupleuri (VBRB) on high-fat diet- (HFD-) induced obese rats. After being fed HFD for two weeks, rats were dosed orally with VBRB or fenofibrate, once daily for further twelve weeks. VBRB (1.0 g kg(-1) per day) ...
Fioravante Milena - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a serious public health problem worldwide. In clinical studies, weight loss has been reported in 11% to 29% of patients treated with pegylated interferon-α-2a/2b. Few reports have tried to explain such a weight loss. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Bertram Hanne Christine - - 2011
The aim of In the present study was to investigate the use of an integrated metabolomics and proteomics approach in the elucidation of diet-induced effects on hepatic metabolismthe impact of diets containing either a high level of fat or carbohydrate on the liver metabolome and the liver proteome was investigated ...
Ikuta Takuya T Departments of General Internal Medicine Anatomical Pathology Pharmaceutical Services, Hiroshima University Hospital, Hiroshima, - - 2012
  Patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) frequently have many co-morbidities including essential hypertension, which is reported to increase vascular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and alter the hepatic anti-oxidant defense system. Since ROS play a role in the pathogenesis of NASH, it is hypothesized that hypertension modulates the hepatic ...
Zhao Xue-Zhong - - 2012
Kaempferide-7-O-(4''-O-acetylrhamnosyl)-3-O-rutinoside (A-F-B) is a novel flavonoid which is extracted from the leaves of Actinidia kolomikta. The aim of this study was to investigate the hypolipidemic effects of A-F-B in hyperlipidemic rats induced by a high-fat diet. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups: normal diet group, high-fat diet ...
Pérez-Jiménez Amalia - - 2011
Free radicals are continuously generated during an organism's lifetime. In order to understand the involvement in the oxidative status of fish, methionine and white tea were assayed as antioxidant supplements in diets for gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata). For the purpose of this study, four isonitrogenous and isolipidic diets were ...
Poirier Johanne - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to elucidate possible cholesterol-lowering mechanism(s) of high-dose supplemental Se in the form of selenite, a known hypocholesterolaemic agent. Male Syrian hamsters (four groups, ten per group) were fed semi-purified diets for 4 weeks containing 0·1 % cholesterol and 15 % saturated fat with selenite corresponding ...
Janevski Mile - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of high-glucose, high-fructose and high-sucrose diets on weight gain, liver lipid metabolism and gene expression of proteins involved with hepatic fat metabolism. Rats were fed a diet containing either 60% glucose, 60% fructose, 60% sucrose, or a standard chow for ...
Huang Gary G Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, United - - 2012
To examine the correlations between intra-hepatic and intra-thoracic (total, epicardial, and pericardial) fat deposition with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis burden in healthy, recently postmenopausal women. Women screened for the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study (mean age 52.9 years) who underwent electron beam or multidetector computed tomography ...
Yokotani Kaori - - 2011
Coleusforskohlii root extract (CFE) is popular for use as a weight loss dietary supplement. In this study, the influence of standardized CFE containing 10% active component forskolin on the hepatic drug metabolizing system was investigated to evaluate the safety through its drug interaction potential. Male ICR mice were fed AIN93G-based ...
Watanabe Yuki - - 2011
Rats fed a 20%-maple syrup diet (maple syrup group) for 11 d showed significantly lower values of the hepatic function markers than those fed a 20%-sugar mix syrup diet (control). The reason was suggested by a DNA microarray analysis which revealed that the expression of genes for the enzymes of ...
Tsuchida Takuma - - 2011
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is frequently accompanied by fatty liver/nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Hence, accumulation of lipids in the liver is considered to be one of the risk factors for insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is widely used for the treatment of liver dysfunction. We investigated the ...
Park Hea Jin - - 2011
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by oxidative stress and inflammatory responses that exacerbate liver injury. The objective of this study was to determine whether the antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities of green tea extract (GTE) would protect against NASH in a model of diet-induced obesity. Adult Wistar rats were fed a ...
Kirpich Irina A IA Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Medicine, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Kentucky, - - 2012
Interactions between the gut, immune system, and the liver, as well as the type of fat in the diet, are critical components of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). The goal of the present study was to determine the effects of saturated fat (SF) and unsaturated fat (USF) on ethanol (EtOH)-induced gut-liver ...
Collison Kate S - - 2011
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease begins with a relatively benign hepatic steatosis, often associated with increased adiposity, but may progress to a more severe nonalcoholic steatohepatitis with inflammation. A subset of these patients develops progressive fibrosis and ultimately cirrhosis. Various dietary components have been shown to contribute to the development of ...
Hyysalo Jenni - - 2011
Background and Aim A recent study in 95 and 164 Indian subjects suggested common variants in APOC3 (T-455C at rs2854116 and C-482T at rs2854117) to contribute to NAFLD, plasma apoC3 and triglyceride concentrations. Our aim was to determine the contribution of genetic variation in APOC3 on liver fat content and ...
Giannetti M - - 2012
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a common finding in obese subjects. Increasing evidence has been provided suggesting that it represents the hepatic component of the metabolic syndrome. Aim of this longitudinal study was to evaluate the relationships between several anthropometric measures, including the hepatic left lobe volume (HLLV), and various ...
Wang Xia - - 2011
Gender differences in obesity stem from metabolic and hormonal differences between sexes and contribute to differences between women and men in health risks attributable to obesity. We hypothesized that liver may be an ideal target for evaluation of gender differences in obesity development in response to a high fat diet ...
Min Ae-Kyung - - 2011
AIMS: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a liver disease that causes fat accumulation, inflammation and fibrosis. Increased oxidative stress contributes to hepatic inflammation and fibrosis by upregulation of Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1), endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity. This study examined whether alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), a naturally ...
Park Mi-Young - - 2011
Dietary intake of whole grains reduces the incidence of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. In an earlier study, we showed that Panicum miliaceum L. extract (PME) exhibited the highest anti-lipogenic activity in 3T3-L1 cells among extracts of nine different cereal grains tested. In this study, ...
Zhang J W - - 2011
1. This experiment was conducted to determine the effect of different dietary energy sources on hepatic lipid deposition and fatty acid synthesis in the layer's liver. 2. A total of 120 Lohmann Pink commercial layers were divided into three groups of 40 birds each and restricted-fed so that they had ...
SaliƄska Aneta - - 2012
Bank voles free living in a contaminated environment have been shown to be more sensitive to cadmium (Cd) toxicity than the rodents exposed to Cd under laboratory conditions. The objective of this study was to find out whether benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a common environmental co-contaminant, increases Cd toxicity through inhibition of ...
Silbernagel Guenther - - 2012
Visceral obesity and fatty liver have been related to high synthesis and low absorption of cholesterol. This study aimed to investigate the associations of cholesterol metabolism with liver and visceral fat content in healthy humans. Another objective was to explore the effects of very-high-fructose and very-high-glucose diets on cholesterol homeostasis. ...
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