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Hammarström Anne - - 2014
There is a lack of research about the experiences of participating in weight-reducing interventions. The aim of this study was to explore barriers and facilitators to weight-loss experienced by participants in a diet intervention for middle-aged to older women in the general population in Northern Sweden. In the intervention the ...
Huang Yee-Wen - - 2014
Vegan diet has been associated with lower risk of cardiovascular diseases and mortality, partly due to its effects on serum lipid profiles. Lipid profiles [high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG)] have not been fully elucidated either in pre and postmenopausal vegans or in ovo-lacto vegetarians. ...
Naem Noha E NE aMinistry of Health (MOH) bDepartments of Nutrition cFamily Health, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Alexandria, - - 2014
Deficiencies of protein, energy, and micronutrients are highly prevalent in developing countries and have major effects on pregnancy outcome. Low dietary intake is the most common reason for zinc deficiency. The present research is part of a larger double-blind randomized-controlled trial to evaluate the effect of zinc supplementation on the ...
Schnatz Peter F PF From the Departments of 1ObGyn and 2Internal Medicine, The Reading Hospital, Reading, PA; Departments of 3ObGyn and 4Internal Medicine, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA; 5Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; 6Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; 7Center for Health Research NW, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, OR; 8Departments of Epidemiology and Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA; 9Division of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; 10Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN; 11Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC; 12Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC; 13Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; and 14Sticht Center on Aging, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether increased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3) concentrations, in response to calcium/vitamin D (CaD) supplementation, are associated with improved lipids in postmenopausal women. The parent trial was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial designed to test the effects of CaD supplementation (1,000 mg ...
Piccoli Giorgina B GB SS Nephrology, Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, San Luigi Hospital, and, †Gynecology and Obstetrics 2U, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, - - 2014
Women affected by CKD increasingly choose to get pregnant. Experience with low-protein diets is limited. The aim of this study was to review results obtained from pregnant women with CKD on supplemented vegan-vegetarian low-protein diets. This was a single-arm, open intervention study between 2000-2012 of a low-protein diet in pregnant ...
Tsouma Iliana I Department of Biopathology , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to determine serum and follicular fluid (FF) visfatin levels in age and weight-matched women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and normally ovulating subjects undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation and correlate them with their lipid and lipoprotein levels. We included 80 PCOS women (40 lean ...
Clevenger Hui C HC Texas Tech University, United - - 2014
Background: Composition of fatty acids in a diet may differentially affect metabolism, thus playing a role in the development of obesity. Our aim was to study the effects of three high-fat (HF) meals with different degrees of saturation on diet induced thermogenesis (DIT) and substrate oxidation in normal weight premenopausal ...
Mathew Lisa K LK Department of Medicine, University of Washington, - - 2014
Background: Dietary composition can cause insulin resistance, elevated serum lipid levels, and obesity, all of which predispose to gallstone formation. The effects of dietary fat (including individual fatty acids) and protein on gallstone formation are controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of dietary fat and ...
Kien C Lawrence CL Departments of Pediatrics (CLK), Medicine (CLK and KC), and Medical Biostatistics (JYB), University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, and the Stedman Nutrition and Metabolism Center (RS, JB, OI, TRK, and DMM) and Departments of Medicine (TRK and DMM) and Pharmacology and Cancer Biology (DMM), Duke University, Durham, - - 2014
Epidemiologic evidence has suggested that diets with a high ratio of palmitic acid (PA) to oleic acid (OA) increase risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). To gain additional insights into the relative effect of dietary fatty acids and their metabolism on CVD risk, we sought to identify a metabolomic signature that ...
Stelmach-Mardas Marta M Department of Bromatology and Human Nutrition, University of Medical Sciences, PoznaƄ, - - 2014
Background. The aim of this study was to assess the infl uence of the consumption level of plant sterols naturally occurring in diet on the lipid profi le in obese women with dyslipidemia. Material and methods. The study population was primarily comprised of 120 obese women aged over 55 from ...
Ghani R A RA Endocrine Unit, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Post-gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) women are recommended weight loss to manage increased cardio-metabolic risks. We investigated the effects of lowering diet glycaemic index (GI) on fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum lipids, body weight and composition of post-GDM women with varying fasting insulin levels (INS). Seventy-seven Asian, non-diabetic women with previous ...
Mahdy Zaleha Abdullah - - 2013
To determine the adequacy of antenatal calcium intake in Malaysia, and the influencing factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted among postnatal women who delivered in two tertiary hospitals. Data were collected from antenatal cards, hospital documents and diet recall on daily milk and calcium intake during pregnancy. SPSS version 19.0 ...
Shafaie Yasmine - - 2013
Exposure to a variety of energy-dense foods promotes increased energy intake and adiposity. Taste blindness to the bitterness of 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) has been associated with increased adiposity in women and might be linked to an increased energy intake and greater selection of dietary fat. We investigated whether PROP nontaster (NT) ...
Maskarinec Gertraud - - 2013
Because soy food consumption may influence breast tissue activity, we examined its effect on the presence of epithelial cells in nipple aspirate fluid (NAF). In a randomized, crossover design, 82 premenopausal women completed a high-soy and a low-soy diet for 6 mo each, separated by a 1-mo washout period. They ...
Furusyo Norihiro - - 2013
This epidemiological study was done to generate normal ranges for the cholesterol and triglyceride levels in serum lipoprotein subclasses isolated from healthy adults based on gender and menopausal status. Cholesterol and triglyceride levels in 20 lipoprotein subclasses as separated by high performance liquid chromatography were measured in serum obtained from ...
Kim Jihye J Department of Medical Nutrition, Kyung Hee University, 1732 Deogyeong-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin, Gyeonggi 446-701, - - 2013
Zinc may participate in blood pressure regulation and in the pathogenesis of hypertension. The study examined the relationship between zinc status and blood pressure in obese Korean women. Forty obese women (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) aged 19-28 years participated in this study. Zinc intake was estimated from ...
O'Brien Kerry S - - 2013
This study examined relationships between physical appearance concerns (fear of fat, body image disturbance; BIDQ), disgust, and anti-fat prejudice (dislike, blame), and tested whether disgust mediates relationships between physical appearance concerns and anti-fat prejudice. Participants (N=1649; age=28 years) provided demographic data and completed measures of anti-fat prejudice, tendency to feel ...
Amorim Adegboye Amanda R - - 2013
Weight retention after pregnancy may contribute to obesity. It is known that diet and exercise are recommended components of any weight loss programme in the general population. However, strategies to achieve healthy body weight among postpartum women have not been adequately evaluated. The objectives of this review were to evaluate ...
Yang Meng - - 2013
To validate an FFQ to assess antioxidant intake in overweight postmenopausal women. A seventy-four-item antioxidant 1-month FFQ was developed based on major antioxidant sources in the American diet. Forty overweight postmenopausal women participated in a 9-month observational study and completed four sets of FFQ and 7 d food record (7dFR) ...
Jaakkola Johanna - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore whether type of eating behavior is related to diet and overweight in women after childbirth. In a prospective mother-infant study, women's (N = 189) eating behavior, dietary intake from food diaries, weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured at 6, 12, 24, ...
Conway V - - 2013
Sphingolipids (SL) are important components of the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) found in buttermilk. While studies in animal models suggest that dietary SL may have cholesterol-lowering properties, data in human are lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of buttermilk consumption on plasma lipids and ...
Takeuchi Hiroyuki - - 2013
The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that trans fatty acid (TFA) intake should be less than 1% of total energy intake, but few data are available as to the influence of energy TFA intake of as low as 1% on blood cholesterol levels. A randomized, double-blind, parallel trial was ...
McCartney Daniel M A - - 2013
The present study aimed to investigate socio-economic disparities in food and nutrient intakes among young Irish women. A total of 221 disadvantaged and seventy-four non-disadvantaged women aged 18-35 years were recruited. Diet was assessed using a diet history protocol. Of the total population, 153 disadvantaged and sixty-three non-disadvantaged women were ...
Min Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to assess the dietary fat intake and blood fatty acid status of healthy Norwegian men and women living in Bergen whose habitual diet is known to be high in long-chain omega-3 fat. METHODS: Healthy men (n = 41) and women (n = 40) aged 20-50 years who were regular blood ...
Miazgowski Tomasz - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Normal weight obesity (NWO) is defined as percentage body fat (%BF) above 30% or %BF in the upper tertile in normal weight subjects. Using these criteria, we assessed lipid profiles, glucose metabolism parameters, blood pressure and regional fat in 91 premenopausal women with NWO and 54 age-matched healthy controls. ...
Liu Jian-Min - - 2013
Context:It is widely reported that osteocalcin is negatively associated with fat mass. However, there are few reports describing its correlation with fat-free mass, particularly in women.Objectives:The objective of the current study was to investigate the possible relationship between osteocalcin and fat-free mass in healthy, nonobese women.Design and Setting:This study was ...
Worsley Roisin - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The relationships between endogenous sex hormone levels and cardiovascular disease risk in women are contentious. Our aim was to systematically investigate the relationships between sex steroids and lipid levels in postmenopausal women, taking into account other potential risk factors. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 624 naturally and ...
Shiraishi Mie - - 2013
Abstract We investigated the validity and reproducibility of a self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) that estimates the intakes of β-carotene, vitamin C and α-tocopherol. Ninety-five healthy women with singleton pregnancies in the second trimester were examined at a university hospital in Tokyo. The intakes of β-carotene, vitamin C and α-tocopherol ...
Kieffer Edith C - - 2013
This cross-sectional study assessed the influence of duration of residence in the United States on periconception dietary intake of pregnant Mexican immigrant women, using baseline data from Healthy Mothers on the Move, a randomized control trial conducted with 234 women from 2004 to 2006 in Detroit, MI. Average maternal age ...
Vähämiko Sanna - - 2013
Leptin regulates energy homeostasis and immune and metabolic functions. Highly elevated leptin concentrations during pregnancy may be associated with aberrations in maternal metabolism and long-term health consequences both in women and children. The objective of the present study was to evaluate whether dietary counselling, probiotic supplementation, maternal characteristics or dietary ...
Oh Sun Min - - 2013
Dietary protein has a mixed effect on skeletal health and the effect may differ by amount or source of protein. The purpose of this study was to investigate dietary protein in relation to bone density and fat-free mass in rural Korean residents consuming relatively low protein diets. Between 2008 and ...
Bissonnette Simon - - 2013
Objective: Delayed clearance of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) by white adipose tissue (WAT) promotes hypertriglyceridemia and elevated apoB-lipoproteins, which are primarily in the form of LDL. This study examines whether LDL promotes delayed clearance of TRL by WAT. Methods/Results: Following the ingestion of a 13C-triolein-labelled high-fat meal, obese women with high ...
Ryberg M - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Ectopic fat accumulation in liver and skeletal muscle may be an essential link between abdominal obesity, insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular disease after menopause. We hypothesised that a diet containing a relatively high content of protein and unsaturated fat [mainly monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs)] but limited carbohydrates ...
Kalasuramath Suneeta - - 2013
Background & objectives: Iron deficiency (ID) affects a large number of women in India. An inverse relationship exists between iron (Fe) status and Fe absorption. Dietary inhibitory and enhancing factors exert a profound influence on bioavailability of Fe. Although the current recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for Fe is based on ...
Namwongprom Sirianong - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between fat mass, lean mass, and bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal and perimenopausal Thai women. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1579 healthy Thai women aged 40-90 years. Total body, lumbar spine, total femur, and femoral neck BMD and ...
Han Shanshan - - 2013
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects a significant number of women each year and is associated with a wide range of adverse outcomes for women and their babies. Dietary counselling is the main strategy in managing GDM, but it remains unclear which dietary therapy is best. To assess the effects of ...
Engin-Ustun Y - - 2013
To determine vaspin and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations in hyperemesis gravidarum (HEG). Twenty-six women with HEG and 26 control subjects matched for gestational age and body mass index were examined. The levels of vaspin, CRP and lipid profile in all subjects were measured. The vaspin levels were significantly higher in ...
Rigby Neville - - 2013
Obesity is not a new phenomenon. Paleolithic artefacts, some almost 35,000 years old, depict obesity in its classical gynoid form, suggesting that early hunter-gathers were not entirely safeguarded by the assumed Stone Age diet [1]. Nevertheless it has been convincingly argued by Boyd Eaton and others that the 21st century ...
Stendell-Hollis Nicole R NR Nutritional Sciences Department, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA. - - 2013
Of postpartum women, 15%-20% retain ≥ 5 kg of their gestational weight gain, increasing risk for adult weight gain. Postpartum women are also in a persistent elevated inflammatory state. Both factors could increase the risk of obesity-related chronic disease. We hypothesized that breastfeeding women randomized to a Mediterranean-style (MED) diet ...
Takezawa Jun - - 2012
Preproghrelin gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms are possible predisposing factors to obesity and other metabolic syndromes. To study the correlation between genotypes and obesity, we recruited 117 obese Japanese women (BMI, 25.0-41.1; average, 31.1). Minor homozygotes for 5 preproghrelin gene polymorphisms, namely, -1500C>G (rs3755777), -1062G>C (rs26311), -994C>T (rs26312) (promoter region), Leu72Met (rs696217) ...
Kien C Lawrence CL Department of Pediatrics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont, USA. - - 2013
Relative to diets enriched in palmitic acid (PA), diets rich in oleic acid (OA) are associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. To gain insight into mechanisms underlying these observations, we applied comprehensive lipidomic profiling to specimens collected from healthy adults enrolled in a randomized, crossover trial comparing a ...
Cheatham Carol L CL Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 28081, USA. - - 2012
Choline is essential for fetal brain development, and it is not known whether a typical American diet contains enough choline to ensure optimal brain development. The study was undertaken to determine whether supplementing pregnant women with phosphatidylcholine (the main dietary source of choline) improves the cognitive abilities of their offspring. ...
Joffe Y T - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:This study explored interactions between dietary fat intake and the tumor necrosis factor-α gene (TNFA) -238 G>A polymorphism (rs361525) on adiposity and serum lipid concentrations in apparently healthy premenopausal black and white South African (SA) women.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Normal-weight (N=107) and obese (N=120) black, and normal-weight (N=89) and obese (N=62) white SA women underwent ...
Zhao Hong-Yan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Bisphenol A (BPA) exposure may promote obesity, but its effect on bone mineral density (BMD) has not been reported in humans. We aimed to examine the relationships between BPA exposure, body composition, serum estradiol, leptin, osteocalcin levels and BMDs in healthy premenopausal women. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional ...
Takeuchi Hiroyuki - - 2012
There are very limited data concerning the influence of low-level trans fatty acid (TFA) intake on blood lipid levels. In this study, correlation of total and diene TFA intake with serum cholesterol levels was studied in young Japanese women. The mean intakes of total and diene TFAs were 0.36% and ...
Franco J G - - 2012
Maternal nutritional status affects the future development of offspring. Both undernutrition and overnutrition in critical periods of life (gestation or lactation) may cause several hormonal changes in the pups and programme obesity in the adult offspring. We have shown that hyperleptinaemia during lactation results in central leptin resistance, higher adrenal ...
Neville Marita M - - 2012
Background: Cardiovascular disease rates are high in the UK, particular in men, and are related to dietary fat intake. We conducted a pilot study to investigate relationships between saturated and unsaturated dietary fat intakes, body composition and blood lipid parameters in Caucasian men and women at university. Methods: Volunteers (52 ...
Gonçalves Ezequiel M - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIM: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency is associated with a high risk for obesity. Anthropometric measures are simple and inexpensive methods to assess body fat. However, the accuracy of alternative methods in these patients is unknown. This study aim to develop and evaluate the accuracy of ...
Rogers Maximillian A - - 2012
Pregnenolone (PREG) can be converted to PREG esters (PE) by the plasma enzyme lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), and by other enzyme(s) with unknown identity. Acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase 1 and 2 (ACAT1 and ACAT2) convert various sterols to steryl esters; their activities are activated by cholesterol. PREG is a sterol-like molecule, with ...
Saadi Leila - - 2012
The objective of this work is to evaluate the aldosterone level and to study the gerbil adrenal zona glomerulosa morphology in the presence of an important water diet content during seven days. Thirty adult gerbils, Gerbilus tarabuli, were randomly assigned to two watering regimes, with fifteen gerbils per group. The ...
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