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Gonzalez Michael J MJ Nutrition Program, Department of Human Development, School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, GPO Box 365067, San Juan, PR 00936-5067, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stress refers to a reaction given a particular stimulus. Stress is a common problem in most modern societies. Stress creates greater physiologic demands. Unhealthy eating patterns will only result in an increased level of stress, followed by further health problems if in the future if the issues are not resolved. ...
Zhang Chun-Nuan CN Key Laboratory of Aquatic Nutrition and Feed Science of Jiangsu Province, College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, No. 1 Weigang Road, Nanjing, 210095, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the effects of fructooligosaccharide (FOS) on immune response, antioxidant capability and HSP70 and HSP90 mRNA expressions of blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) under high ammonia stress. A total of 360 fish were randomly distributed into three groups (each with four replicates) and were fed three ...
Díaz Ana Cristina - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of astaxanthin feed supplementation and environmental nitrite stress in postlarvae of P. muelleri (15 ± 0.004 mg initial weight) under culture conditions. Diets containing three levels of astaxanthin: 0 (C0), 100 (C100), and 300 (C300) mg kg-1 diet were used. ...
Beezhold Bonnie - - 2014
Objective Studies investigating mood in vegetarian diets have yielded conflicting results, either demonstrating risk for mental disorders or mood protection. Our objective was to investigate mood, as well as factors that potentially impact mood in vegans (VG), vegetarians (VEG), and omnivores (OMN). Methods We surveyed mood, diet, and lifestyle factors ...
Luna Ruth Ann RA Department of Pathology & Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA; Texas Children's Microbiome Center, Department of Pathology, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, - - 2014
The human gut microbiome is composed of an enormous number of microorganisms, generally regarded as commensal bacteria. Without this inherent microbial community, we would be unable to digest plant polysaccharides and would have trouble extracting lipids from our diet. Resident gut bacteria are an important contributor to healthy metabolism and ...
Ceriello Antonio - - 2014
BackgroundIn type 2 diabetes, acute hyperglycemia worsens endothelial function and inflammation,while resistance to GLP-1 action occurs. All these phenomena seem to be related to the generation of oxidative stress. A Mediterranean diet, supplemented with olive oil, increases plasma antioxidant capacity, suggesting that its implementation can have a favorable effect on ...
Sharma Sorabh S Department of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, 333031, Rajasthan, - - 2014
Metabolic syndrome is increasingly recognized for its effects on cognitive health. Recent studies have highlighted the role of histone deacetylases (HDACs) in metabolic syndrome and cognitive functions. The present study was designed to investigate the possible therapeutic role of a HDAC inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA), in cognitive impairment associated with ...
Zeeni N N Lebanese American University, Department of Natural Sciences, School of Arts and Sciences, PO Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exposure to an enriched environment (EE) or the intake of a highly palatable diet may reduce the response to chronic stress in rodents. To further explore the relationships between EE, dietary intake and stress, male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed one of two diets for 5weeks: high carbohydrate (HC) or "cafeteria" ...
Jayachandran Muthukumaran - - 2014
Abstract Background: Preclinical and clinical studies suggest the use of antioxidants as an effective measure to reduce the progression of oxidative-stress-related disorders. Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a key component to cellular redox homeostasis in the attenuation of oxidative-stress-associated pathological processes. The objective of the current study was ...
Boulis Tharwat Stewart - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (ω-3 PUFA) supplementation during pregnancy remains controversial. We sought to examine the effects of ω-3 PUFA on inflammation and oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo using a model of preterm labor. In vivo. Female Swiss Webster mice were fed a normal diet or ...
Freitak D D Centre of Excellence in Biological Interactions, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland Tvärminne Zoological Station, University of Helsinki, Hanko 10900, Finland Centre of Excellence in Biological Interactions, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä 40014, Finland - - 2014
Inbred individuals and populations are predicted to suffer from inbreeding depression, especially in times of stress. Under natural conditions, organisms are exposed to more than one stressor at any one time, highlighting the importance of stress resistance traits. We studied how inbreeding- and immunity-related traits are correlated under different dietary ...
Barry K A KA Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 132 Animal Sciences Laboratory, 1207 W. Gregory Drive, Urbana - - 2014
Fructan supplementation of a commercially available canned cat food was evaluated using senior (≥ 9 yr) cats to assess nitrogen (N) partitioning in excreta and stool metabolite and microbiota concentrations. Oligofructose (OF) or SynergyC (OF+IN) were added to the diet individually at 1% (dry weight basis). Cats were acclimated to ...
Vázquez-Fresno Rosa - - 2014
The Mediterranean diet (MD) is considered a dietary pattern with beneficial effects on human health. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an MD on urinary metabolome by comparing subjects at 1 and 3 years of follow-up, after an MD supplemented with either extra-virgin olive oil ...
Xia Shu-Fang SF The State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, - - 2014
High fat diets induce oxidative stress which may be involved in neurodegenerative diseases. Quercetin is a kind of antioxidant that has neuroprotective effects and potent7ial pro-oxidant effects as well. In this study, we evaluated cognitive function in mice fed with high fat diets and basic diets with or without quercetin. ...
Kumar Neeraj N National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management (NIASM), Malegaon, Baramati, Pune 413115, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Endosulfan is an organochlorine pesticide commonly found in aquatic environments that has been found to reduce thermal tolerance of fish. Lipotropes such as the food additive, Lecithin has been shown to improve thermal tolerance in fish species. This study was conducted to evaluate the role of lipotropes (lecithin) for enhancing ...
Cudnoch-Jedrzejewska Agnieszka A Department of Experimental and Clinical Physiology, Laboratory of Centre for Preclinical Research, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2014
Central application of apelin elevates blood pressure and influences neuroendocrine responses to stress and food consumption. However, it is not known whether the central cardiovascular effects of apelin depend also on caloric intake or chronic stress. The purpose of the present study was to determine effects of intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration ...
Lee Lung-Yi LY *Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, Department of Biology, Institute of Molecular Health Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland, Divisions of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Molecular and Environmental Toxicology Center, Center for Neuroscience, Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 and Veterans Administration Surgical Services, William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, - - 2014
Oxidative stress is implicated in the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The Nrf2-antioxidant response element pathway protects cells from oxidative stress. Studies have shown that global Nrf2 deficiency hastens the progression of NASH. The purpose of this study was to determine whether long-term hepatocyte-specific activation of Nrf2 mitigates NASH progression. ...
Hoseinifar Seyed Hossein SH Department of Fisheries,Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural - - 2014
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) (0, 1, 2 and 3 %) supplementation on the growth performance, haemato-immunological parameters, cultivable autochthonous (non-adherent) intestinal microbiota and stress resistance of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fry (3·23 (sem 0·14) g). These parameters were measured after feeding the carp ...
Wang Fan F The Cardiovascular Center, the First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, - - 2014
The interconnectivity of the peroxidation reaction system of myeloperoxidase (PRSM) or the reaction system of paraoxonase 1 (RSP1) with atherosclerosis remains elusive in patients with normal cholesterol levels. A total of 55 atherosclerotic patients with normal cholesterol concentrations and 45 control subjects were analyzed. Pearson's correlation was used to investigate ...
Liu Lei L College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, People's Republic of - - 2014
The present study was conducted to investigate whether dietary Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) could alleviate immunological stress response of chickens after challenge with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). A total of 360 one-day-old commercial Arbor Acres broilers were randomly assigned in a 2×2 factorial design. The main factors were immunological stress (LPS or saline) ...
Wu Tao T Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310003, China, - - 2014
The present study investigated the anti-hyperlipidemic proprieties of a natural alkaloid, gelsemine, in a high-fat-fed rabbit model. Animals were randomly divided into five groups and fed normal diet, hypercholesterolemic diet (1 % cholesterol), or hypercholesterolemic diet (1 % cholesterol) supplemented with gelsemine (1, 5, or 25 mg/kg). After 60 days, serum concentrations of total ...
Sun Xiaoping X Translational Gerontology Branch, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, MD 21224, - - 2014
Diet composition is a critical determinant of lifespan, and nutrient imbalance is detrimental to health. However, how nutrients interact with genetic factors to modulate lifespan remains elusive. We investigated how diet composition influences mitochondrial ATP synthase subunit d (ATPsyn-d) in modulating lifespan in Drosophila. ATPsyn-d knockdown extended lifespan in females ...
Vercammen Francis - - 2014
Glucosuria in okapis (Okapia johnstoni) was first documented in 1980, yet the etiology remains unclear. In August 2006, an attempt to lower glucosuria in captive okapi by diet modification (omitting all fruit and adding unmolassed beet pulp) was started at the Antwerp Zoo. To study the possible relationship between glucosuria ...
Rangel-Zuñiga Oriol A OA Lipids and Atherosclerosis Unit, IMIBIC/Reina Sofia University Hospital/University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain; CIBER Fisiopatologia de la Obesidad y Nutricion (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, - - 2014
The addition of antioxidants to frying oil reduces postprandial oxidative stress and the inflammatory response. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress may trigger both inflammation and oxidative stress processes. We aimed to determine the biological effects of the intake of four models of frying oils on postprandial ER stress in peripheral blood ...
Dong R L RL College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Beijing, 100193, P.R. China Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge Research Centre, Lethbridge, Alberta Canada T1J - - 2014
An analysis of predicting urinary and fecal N excretion from beef cattle was conducted using a dataset summarizing 49 published studies representing 180 treatment means for 869 animals. Variables included in the dataset were initial BW (kg), DMI (kg/d), dietary CP content (% of DM), N intake (g/d), apparent total ...
Tapia-Paniagua S T ST Universidad de Málaga, Departamento de Microbiología, Campus de Teatinos s/n, 29071 Málaga, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aquaculture industry exposes fish to acute stress events, such as high stocking density, and a link between stress and higher susceptibility to diseases has been concluded. Several studies have demonstrated increased stress tolerance of fish treated with probiotics, but the mechanisms involved have not been elucidated. Shewanella putrefaciens Pdp11 is ...
Lung Shyang S Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Western University of Health Sciences , Pomona, CA , USA - - 2014
Abstract One of the uses of cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria, CeO2) is as a diesel fuel additive to improve fuel efficiency. Gene/environment interactions are important determinants in the etiology of age-related disorders. Thus, it is possible that individuals on high-fat diet and genetic predisposition to vascular disease may be more ...
Poitras Veronica J VJ School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, - - 2014
The magnitude (reactivity) and duration (recovery) of hemodynamic stress responses are predictive of cardiovascular risk, and fat intake has been shown to enhance hemodynamic reactivity to psychological stress tasks. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a high-fat meal (HFM) on the magnitude and stability of ...
Chaffee Benjamin W BW Center to Address Disparities in Children's Oral Health, University of California San Francisco, 3333 California Street, Suite 495, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA, Tel.: +1 415 476 9226. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effect of dietary intervention on paraffin-stimulated saliva and dental health of children participating in a randomized controlled trial. Laine MA, Tolvanen M, Pienihäkkinen K, Söderling E, Niinikoski H, Simell O, Karjalainen S. Arch Oral Biol 2014;59(2):217-25. Benjamin W. Chaffee, DDS, MPH, PhD PURPOSE/QUESTION: Does a dietary counseling intervention that ...
Bellisario Veronica V Section of Behavioral Neurosciences, Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences, Istituto Superiore di Sanità Rome, - - 2014
Metabolic stressful challenges during susceptible time windows, such as fetal life, can have important implications for health throughout life. Deletion of the p66(Shc) gene in mice leads to reduced oxidative stress (OS), resulting in a healthy and lean phenotype characterized by increased metabolic rate, resistance to high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity ...
Zhang L L Institute of Dairy Science, College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine whether feeding betaine to cows elevates their production performance during summer heat stress. Thirty-two lactating Holstein cows were randomly divided into 4 groups: the control group, which received a total mixed ration (TMR), and 3 experimental groups that received TMR blended with 10 g/day (group ...
Baldry Emma L - - 2013
Bariatric surgery is effective at achieving weight loss in the severely obese, with the majority of procedures performed laparoscopically. A short-term pre-operative energy restrictive diet is widely adopted to enable surgery by reducing liver size and improving liver flexibility. However, the dietary approach is not standardised. This observational study reports ...
Shibata Katsumi K Department of Food Science and Nutrition , School of Human Cultures, The University of Shiga Prefecture , Hikone, Shiga 522-8533 , - - 2013
We have reported previously that the urinary excretion of B-group vitamins reflects recent dietary intakes of these vitamins. We also proposed reference values for the urinary levels of B-group vitamins for human subjects, and used these for evaluating human nutritional status. However, the question arises as to whether the urinary ...
Lamorde Mohammed M Research Department, Infectious Diseases Institute, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda. - - 2012
We investigated the effect of food on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of lopinavir and ritonavir in 12 Ugandan patients receiving lopinavir coformulated with ritonavir (LPV/r) tablets using a crossover design. Intensive pharmacokinetic sampling was performed 7 days apart after LPV/r dosing under moderate fat, high fat, and fasted meal conditions. Lopinavir ...
Michaelis M - - 2012
A low-salt diet is known to decrease and salt excess to increase blood pressure in humans and rodents. Sex steroids seem to play a role in salt dependent hypertension. However, little is known about sex differences in mineralocorticoid receptor blockade between male and female rats. The objective of the work ...
K Chandra Amar - - 2012
Calcium is essential for functioning of different systems including male reproduction. However, it has also been reported as chemo-castrative agent. The study has been undertaken to elucidate the effect of excessive dietary calcium on male reproductive system in animals with possible action. Adult male healthy rats fed CaCl(2) at different ...
Palmer Nicole O - - 2012
Male obesity is associated with reduced sperm motility and morphology and increased sperm DNA damage and oxidative stress; however, the reversibility of these phenotypes has never been studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the reversibility of obesity and its associated sperm physiology and function in mice ...
Wilder Shawn M SM School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia. - - 2013
The disposable soma hypothesis posits a negative correlation between longevity and reproduction, presumably because these aspects of fitness compete for a limited pool of nutrients. However, diet, which varies widely among animals, could affect the availability of key nutrients required for both reproduction and longevity, especially protein. We used a ...
Ibrahim Hala A M - - 2011
A total of 75 male mice were allotted to five groups of 15 each in a completely randomized experimental design to study the effects of probiotics, inorganic selenium, and selenium-enriched probiotics on male fertility in hyperlipidemic status. The mice in group 1 were fed a normal basal diet and served ...
Sagae Sara C - - 2011
The incidence of obesity is increasing rapidly all over the world and results in numerous health detriments, including disruptions in reproduction. However, the mechanisms by which excess body fat interferes with reproductive functions are still not fully understood. After weaning, female rats were treated with a cafeteria diet or a ...
Murphy Alexzandra F - - 2011
Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) resistance management for transgenic (or Bt) corn hinges on understanding the mating behavior and biology of this adaptable insect pest. During mating, the male transfers sperm and additional, previously uncharacterized material, to the female in the form of a spermatophore. We investigated the ...
Williams Paul T - - 2012
Vigorous physical activity (running) has been shown to attenuate the association between diet and body weight. Walking is the most popular physical activity, but is a moderate-intensity physical activity because it requires less than sixfold the energy expenditure of sitting at rest. We therefore examined whether reported distance walked per ...
Nyina-Wamwiza L - - 2011
This study investigated the long-term effects of total and partial replacement of dietary fish meal (FM) by a mixture of agricultural products on sperm quality of African catfish Clarias gariepinus. Four isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets were formulated containing graded levels of either 50% FM and maize meal (diet 1); 25% ...
Speight S M - - 2011
Semen characteristics in boars fed organic or inorganic sources of selenium (Se) were assessed in three experiments. Crossbred boars were randomly assigned at weaning to one of 3 dietary treatments: I. basal diets with no supplemental Se (control), II. basal diets with 0.3 ppm supplemental Se from an organic source ...
Watson R A RA Faculty of Medicine, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, Hammersmith Campus, London, - - 2012
Reduction in total lung capacity (TLC) in obese men is associated with restricted expansion of the thoracic cavity at full inflation. We hypothesized that thoracic expansion was reduced by the load imposed by increased total trunk fat volume or its distribution. Using MRI, we measured internal and subcutaneous trunk fat ...
Palmer Nicole O - - 2011
Male obesity is associated with reduced sperm function and increased incidence of sperm DNA damage; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms have not yet been identified. Mammalian SIRT6 protein is involved in caloric-dependant DNA damage repair in other tissue types, yet a possible role for SIRT6 in male obesity and subfertility ...
Garcia Cécile - - 2011
Japanese macaques inhabit a relatively cold environment and females of this species could have developed strategies of energy economy to face the sometimes-harsh seasonal conditions of temperate climates, as well as reproductive costs, and thus regulate their energy balance. Here, we explore the relationship between nutritional status, body composition, seasonality, ...
Patrick Kevin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the effect of a 1-year internet-based weight loss intervention for men. METHODS: Four hundred forty-one overweight and obese men were randomized to intervention or delayed treatment. Participants completed a Web-based assessment of diet and physical activity behaviors and weekly tailored Web modules addressing weight-related behaviors. RESULTS: ...
Bonneau M - - 2011
Consumer acceptability of entire male pork at eating was assessed in three experiments. The 140 consumers involved in each experiment were classified as insensitive (INSENS) to the odor of pure androstenone or sensitive perceiving it as pleasant (SENS-PLEA) or unpleasant (SENS-UNPL). Entire male pork with very low skatole and androstenone ...
Pamornsakda Teeraporn - - 2011
Equine epididymal sperm are known to be severely sensitive to cryopreservation, in terms of sperm quality and pregnancy rate. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of cholesterol loaded cyclodextrins (CLCs) on the quality of stallion epididymal sperm during cryopreservation. In experiment I, sperm were treated with ...
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