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Schieda Nicola N 1 The Ottawa Hospital, The University of Ottawa, 1053 Carling Ave, Ottawa, ON K1Y 4E9, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Minimal-fat angiomyolipoma resembles renal cell carcinoma (RCC) on imaging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of unenhanced CT to diagnose minimal-fat angiomyolipoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Consecutive patients who underwent unenhanced CT before resection of a solid renal mass from 2002 to 2012 were included ...
Kim Sejoong S 0000-0002-7238-9962 Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea. ; Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Metabolic acidosis, which is observed in salt-sensitive hypertension, is also associated with kidney injury. Alkali therapy in chronic renal failure (CRF) may ameliorate the progression of kidney disease; however, few studies have examined the effects of alkali therapy on salt sensitivity and kidney injury in CRF. We randomly administered standard ...
Villarejo Ana Belén AB Neuroendocrinology and Nutrition Research Group, Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Jaén, - - 2014
High-fat diets are associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases. The efficacy of the current strategies of treatment is still not entirely satisfactory, and new approaches are being considered. To analyze the beneficial effects of extra virgin olive oil as a major component of the Mediterranean diet, we studied systolic ...
Tae Hyun-Jin HJ Department of Biomedical Science and Research Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hallym University, Chuncheon 200-702, South - - 2014
Oenanthe javanica is an aquatic perennial herb originated from East Asia. Nowadays, the effects of Oenanthe javanica have been proven in various disease models. Studies regarding the antioxidant effect of Oenanthe javanica in the kidney are still unclear. This study was therefore performed to investigate the effect of the Oenanthe ...
Riccio Eleonora E Unit of Nephrology, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
Low-protein diets have been advocated for many decades as the cornerstone in the treatment of chronic kidney disease. Initially, the low intake of protein was used to reduce uremic symptoms; thereafter, albeit controversial, evidences suggested that dietary protein restriction can also slow the rate of progression of renal failure and ...
Cai Tian-Quan TQ In Vivo Pharmacology, Kenilworth, New Jersey. Electronic address: - - 2014
In vivo profiles of aldosterone synthase inhibitors (ASIs) have been investigated utilizing various rodent models. Due to lack of CYP17 activity, rodents produce corticosterone rather than cortisol as that of humans, which raised concern to their effectiveness in translational pharmacological characterization of ASI. A rhesus monkey model that combines a ...
Middleton John P JP Division of Nephrology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2014
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at risk of exhibiting expanded extracellular volume, and low-sodium diets are often prescribed to limit clinical complications from this condition. Fan et al. performed a post hoc study from the database of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study. Their article, as ...
Yang Junyi J Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, - - 2014
Diet influences gut microbiota composition. Therefore, we hypothesized that diet would impact the extent of dietary fiber utilization and the types of metabolic end-products produced by the microbiota during in vitro fecal fermentation. By obtaining long-term dietary records from fecal donors, we aimed to determine the correlations between dietary intake ...
Smith Sidney C SC Jr Center for Cardiovascular Science and Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
The American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) Task Force on Practice Guidelines recently issued the 2013 ACC/AHA Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol to Reduce Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Risk in Adults. This new guideline endorses a paradigm shift in strategies for reducing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events by ...
Kubota Mitsunobu M Department of Molecular and Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima - - 2014
Aim: Serum cholesterol efflux has been suggested to be a key anti-atherogenic function of reverse cholesterol transport. Meanwhile, the quantitative and qualitative alteration of the levels of lipoproteins in the serum has been reported in patients with diabetes, although it remains unclear whether the serum cholesterol efflux capacity is impaired ...
Enkhmaa Byambaa B Department of Internal Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, - - 2014
Lipoprotein(a), Lp(a), represents an apolipoprotein (apo) B-carrying lipoprotein, yet the relationship between Lp(a) and apoB levels has not been fully explored. We addressed the relationship between Lp(a) and apoB-containing lipoprotein levels in 336 Caucasians and 224 African-Americans. Our approach takes unique molecular properties of Lp(a) as well as contribution of ...
Kell Kenneth P KP Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Health Professions, and the Nutrition Obesity Research Center (KPK, MMBB, and JRF), University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, and the Department of Pediatrics/Section of Nutrition, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO - - 2014
Hypertension and dyslipidemia have traditionally been associated with dietary sodium and fat intakes, respectively; however, they have recently been associated with the consumption of added sugars in adults and older adolescents, but there is no clear indication of how early in the life span this association manifests. This study explored ...
Olszewski Todd M TM Health Policy and Management Program, Providence College, Providence, Rhode Island, - - 2014
Starting in the 1950s, physicians and researchers began to debate the exact nature of the relationship among blood cholesterol, diet, and cardiovascular risk. Using professional medical, public health, and scientific journals, this article examines the history of a series of intense and sustained debates regarding the credibility of the diet-heart ...
Tripolt N J NJ Medical University of Graz, Cardiovascular Diabetology Research Group, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Graz, - - 2014
Recently, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) task force has published their new guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults [1]. The paradigm shift in this new guideline is the change from an LDL cholesterol-target centred treatment recommendation to ...
Doonan R J RJ From the Departments of Experimental Medicine (R.J.D., S.S.D.) and Biochemistry (A.H.), Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. (C.L., J.P.V.); and Faculty of Medicine, Centre for Innovative Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada - - 2014
To investigate the association of cholesterol efflux capacity with carotid atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease. Patients with high-grade carotid stenosis (n=154) were recruited from Vascular Surgery clinics and 9 healthy controls from the McGill University Health Network, Montreal, Canada. Cerebrovascular symptomatology history was obtained. Stenosis was assessed by carotid ultrasound. Fasting ...
Jain Nishank N Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Veterans Affairs North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, TX (NJ, EFE, and SSH); the Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (NJ, EFE, and SSH); the Division of Biostatistics, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (ATM); the Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (IJN); and the Department of Clinical Nutrition and Center for Human Nutrition, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX - - 2014
Previous studies that reported an association of dietary Na(+) intake with metabolic syndrome were limited by the use of imprecise measures of obesity, Na(+) intake, or exclusion of multiethnic populations. The effect of dietary K(+) intake on obesity is less well described. We hypothesized that high dietary Na(+) and low ...
Zhu Haidong H Georgia Prevention Center, Institute of Public and Preventive Health, - - 2014
To determine the relationships of sodium intake with adiposity and inflammation in healthy adolescents. A cross-sectional study involved 766 healthy white and African American adolescents aged 14 to 18 years. Dietary sodium intake was estimated by 7-day 24-hour dietary recall. Percent body fat was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Subcutaneous ...
Ledoux Tracey T 1 Texas Obesity Research Center, University of Houston, 104 Garrison Gym, 3855 Holman Street, Houston, TX 77204-6015, - - 2014
Fast-food restaurants (FFR) are prevalent. Binge eating is common among overweight and obese women. For women prone to binge eating, neighbourhood FFR availability (i.e. the neighbourhood around one's home) may promote poor diet and overweight/obesity. The present study tested the effects of binge eating and neighbourhood FFR availability on diet ...
Zhao Jinying J Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gene × diet interaction plays an important role in atherosclerosis, an inflammatory disorder. Leukotrienes are the most potent inflammatory mediators, and genetic variants encoding leukotriene genes have been implicated in atherosclerosis. This study tests nutrigenetic interaction of a previously defined leukotriene haplotype on carotid artery hypertrophy and atherosclerosis in American Indians. This ...
Huffman Fatma G FG a Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work , Florida International University , Miami , Florida , - - 2014
This study examined associations of language preference and length of stay in the United States and diet among 132 Haitian Americans aged ≥35, born in Haiti. Two dietary indices, Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI), were used to assess dietary quality. Years in the United States ...
Ishii Daisuke D Department of Cognitive Behavioral Physiology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, - - 2014
DNA methylation is one of the essential factors in the control of gene expression. Folic acid, methionine and choline (methyl donors)-all nutrients related to one-carbon metabolism-are known as important mediators of DNA methylation. A previous study has shown that long-term administration of a diet lacking in methyl donors caused global ...
Namin Foroogh Rahimi FR Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran - - 2014
Nutritional performance and activity of some digestive enzymes (protease and α -amylase) of Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in response to feeding on bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. (Fabales: Fabaceae)) cultivars (Shokufa, Akhtar, Sayyad, Naz, Pak, Daneshkadeh, and Talash) were evaluated under laboratory conditions (25 ± 1°C, 65 ± 5% RH, ...
Staiano Amanda E AE Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, - - 2014
To determine if cardiometabolic risk factors have differential associations with the proportion of fat distributed in the trunk, leg, and arm, in White and African American children and adolescents. The sample included 391 White and African American 5- to 18 year-olds. Total and regional (trunk, leg, and arm) fat were ...
Dennis Parker Elizabeth A EA Georgetown/Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Compared with White breast cancer survivors, African American survivors are more likely to be overweight and obese. Differences in weight status may be attributed to differences in dietary intake; however, there is limited research pertaining to the dietary habits of African American breast cancer survivors. We compared baseline dietary intakes ...
Miller Paige E - - 2013
Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption has been linked with poor diet quality, weight gain, and increased risk for obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Previous studies have been hampered by inconsistent definitions and a failure to capture all types of SSBs. To comprehensively examine total SSB consumption in the U.S. using an ...
DiNicolantonio James J JJ Wegmans Pharmacy, Ithaca, NY. Electronic address: - - 2013
The American Heart Association recently strongly recommended a dietary sodium intake of <1500 mg/d for all Americans to achieve "Ideal Cardiovascular Health" by 2020. However, low sodium diets have not been shown to reduce cardiovascular events in normotensive individuals or in individuals with pre-hypertension or hypertension. Moreover, there is evidence ...
Halbert Chanita Hughes - - 2013
The social environment is important to body mass index and obesity. However, it is unknown if perceptions of the social environment are associated with obesity-related behaviors in populations at greatest risk for being overweight or obese. We evaluated the relationship between collective efficacy and diet and physical activity in a ...
Forget Geneviève - - 2013
In 2010, the American Heart Association established the concept of ideal cardiovascular health. Nationally representative data estimated that <1% of Americans meet the seven health metrics required for achieving ideal cardiovascular health, with the main challenge residing in meeting the criteria for an ideal Healthy Diet Score. In a cohort ...
Emond J A - - 2013
BackgroundEvidence is mixed regarding sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake and adiposity among adults, perhaps due to reporting bias.ObjectiveTo determine the impact of reporting bias on any associations between increased SSB intake and overweight/obesity.DesignBeverage intake and overweight/obese status (BMI 25 kg/m2) was examined among adults from a dietary assessment and doubly labeled water ...
Crowe Kristi Michele - - 2013
Research suggests phytonutrients, specifically phenolic compounds, within fruit may be responsible for the putatively positive antioxidant benefits derived from fruit. Given the prominence of fruit juice in the American diet, the purpose of this research was to assess the antioxidant density of fresh fruit and 100% fruit juice for five ...
Azuma Koichiro K Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2013
We recently reported that Japanese had higher liver fat at a lower level of BMI compared with non-Hispanic whites (NHW). We hypothesize that ethnic difference in fat storage capacity contributes to this ethnic difference in liver fat. To examine this, we assessed liver fat among 244 Japanese-American aged 40-49, using ...
Heaney Robert P RP Creighton University, Omaha, NE, USA. - - 2013
Despite repeated emphasis in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans on the importance of calcium in the adult American diet and the recommendation to consume 3 dairy servings a day, dairy intake remains well below recommendations. Insufficient health professional awareness of the benefits of calcium and concern for lactose intolerance are ...
Hankinson Arlene L AL Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2013
Obesity often clusters with other major cardiovascular disease risk factors, yet a subset of the obese appears to be protected from these risks. Two obesity phenotypes are described, (i) "metabolically healthy" obese, broadly defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m(2) and favorable levels of blood pressure, lipids, and ...
Toledo-Corral Claudia M CM Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, 2250 Alcazar Street, CSC 200, Los Angeles, California 90033, - - 2013
Optimizing effective prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes in youth is limited by incomplete understanding of its pathophysiology and how this varies across ethnicities with high risk. The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of visceral adipose tissue (VAT), hepatic fat fraction (HFF), and pancreatic fat ...
Smith C E - - 2013
Objective:Low-density lipoprotein-related receptor protein 1 (LRP1) is a multi-functional endocytic receptor and signaling molecule that is expressed in adipose and the hypothalamus. Evidence for a role of LRP1 in adiposity is accumulating from animal and in vitro models, but data from human studies are limited. The study objectives were to ...
Sumner Anne E AE Diabetes, Endocrinology and Obesity Branch, National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. - - 2013
African-Americans are more insulin-resistant than whites but have lower triglyceride (TG) concentrations. The metabolic basis for this is unknown. Our goal was to determine in a cross-sectional study the effect of insulin resistance, visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and the apolipoproteins, B, C-III and E, on race differences in TG content ...
Lemacks Jennifer - - 2013
The incidence of preventable chronic diseases is disproportionally high among African Americans and could be reduced through diet and physical activity interventions. Our objective was to systematically review the literature on clinical outcomes of diet and physical activity interventions conducted among adult African American populations in the United States. We ...
Blanco Guillermo - - 2013
Among birds, vultures show low concentrations of plasma carotenoids due to the combination of their large size, general dull colouration and a diet based on carrion. We recorded the concentration of each carotenoid type present in plasma of the Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) according to age and sex, that determine ...
Acheampong Irene - - 2013
The purposes of this descriptive study were to (1) describe nutrition knowledge, attitudes, beliefs (KAB), and self-efficacy among low-income African American and Hispanic women; (2) identify the associations these variables have on diet quality and weight status; (3) identify barriers to healthy eating. Data from three separate studies were combined ...
Nakamura Yasuyuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: It has been hypothesized that leptin-induced appetite suppression is impaired in obese individuals, but little human evidence is available documenting this. We investigated relations between serum leptin and total energy intake using INTERLIPID/INTERMAP data on Japanese-Americans in Hawaii and Japanese in Japan. METHODS: Serum leptin and nutrient intakes were ...
Nguyen Ha T HT Department of Family & Community Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1084, USA. - - 2012
Potential associations between consistency with the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and preclinical stages of heart failure (HF) in a large multiethnic cohort have not been evaluated. This study sought to determine the cross-sectional relationship between the DASH eating pattern and left ventricular (LV) function in the Multi-Ethnic ...
Turban Sharon S Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2013
We previously showed that African Americans excreted less urinary potassium than whites, even while consuming similar diets in the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) trial. We hypothesized that a low-sodium diet may eliminate these differences. Data from the DASH-Sodium randomized controlled feeding trial were analyzed. 412 adults with prehypertension ...
Rosa Robert M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Several studies have confirmed the remarkable observation that cumulative urinary potassium (K) excretion is less in African-Americans than White Americans even when identical amounts of potassium are provided in the diet. This study was designed to examine whether this decrease in urinary potassium could be compensatory to an increase ...
Kong Angela A Cancer Education and Career Development Program, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA. - - 2013
To compare the diets of African American and Hispanic families in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) prior to the 2009 food package revisions. Mother-child dyads were recruited from 12 WIC sites in Chicago, IL. Individuals with 1 valid 24-hour recall were included in the ...
Walker Ryan W - - 2012
African Americans commonly have lower liver fat accumulation than Hispanics, despite a similar propensity for obesity. Both ethnicities exhibit high consumption of fructose-containing beverages, which has been associated with high liver fat owing to the lipogenic properties of fructose. Therefore, differences in fructose absorption may be an important factor in ...
Carson Jo Ann S - - 2012
African Americans have a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than Americans in general and are thus prime targets for efforts to reduce CVD risk. Dietary intake data were obtained from African Americans participating in the Genes, Nutrition, Exercise, Wellness, and Spiritual Growth (GoodNEWS) Trial. The 286 women and 75 ...
Huffman Fatma G - - 2012
Micronutrient insufficiency, low dietary fiber, and high saturated fat intake have been associated with chronic diseases. Micronutrient insufficiencies may exacerbate poor health outcomes for persons with type 2 diabetes and minority status. We examined dietary intakes using the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) of micronutrients, and Adequate Intakes (AIs) of fiber, ...
Nava Gerardo M GM Division of Nutritional Sciences Department of Animal Sciences Department of Pathobiology Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2012
Reduced susceptibility to sporadic colorectal cancer in native Africans (NA) is correlated with low consumption of animal products and greater microbial production of colonic methane. In this context, two hydrogenotrophic microbial groups are of interest, methanogenic Archaea (MA) utilizing H2 to produce methane and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) generating hydrogen sulfide, ...
Tso Patrick - - 2012
Recently, steps have been taken to further developments toward increasing gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) concentration and lowering costs in plant seed oils using transgenic technology. Through identification and expression of a fungal delta-6 desaturase gene in the high linoleic acid safflower plant, the seeds from this genetic transformation produce oil with ...
Jones B E - - 2011
Two-piece hard shell capsules made from hypromellose (or hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, HPMC) containing carrageenan as a gelling agent have been proposed as an alternative to conventional gelatin capsules for oral drug delivery. We have previously compared the disintegration of hypromellose(carrageenan) (Quali-V(®)) and gelatin capsules (Qualicaps) in fasted human subjects using the ...
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