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Deaño Roderick C RC Weill Cornell Medicine College, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, 520 East 70th Street, ST 443, New York, NY, 10021, - - 2014
The 2013 cholesterol management guidelines presented a major shift in recommendations on which patients at risk of cardiovascular disease should be treated and how to treat them. Implementation of the guidelines is estimated to increase substantially the number of people who would be eligible for statin therapy. As the medical ...
Morris Michelle A MA Nutritional Epidemiology Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Leeds, Leeds, - - 2014
A healthy diet is important to promote health and well-being while preventing chronic disease. However, the monetary cost of consuming such a diet can be a perceived barrier. This study will investigate the cost of consuming a range of dietary patterns. A cross-sectional analysis, where cost of diet was assigned ...
Hou Chen C Department of Biological Sciences, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, Missouri - - 2014
Abstract Diet restriction (DR) enhances animals' health maintenance, but refeeding reverses its beneficial effects. However, to what degree refeeding reverses the beneficial effects of DR remains controversial. Here, I develop a theoretical model for reconciling the results of refeeding studies and understanding the dynamic and reversible mechanism underlying the effects ...
Schmier Jordana K - - 2014
Nearly five percent of Americans suffer from functional constipation, many of whom may benefit from increasing dietary fiber consumption. The annual constipation-related healthcare cost savings associated with increasing intakes may be considerable but have not been examined previously. The objective of the present study was to estimate the economic impact ...
Saxe Henrik H Department of Food and Resource Economics, Faculty of Science, Copenhagen University, Frederiksberg C, - - 2014
The New Nordic Diet (NND) was designed by gastronomic, nutritional, and environmental specialists to be a palatable, healthy, and sustainable diet containing 35% less meat than the Average Danish Diet (ADD); more whole-grain products, nuts, fruit, and vegetables; locally grown food in season; and >75% organic produce. The environmental impact ...
Buza M H MH Department of Animal Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802. Electronic address: - - 2014
Feed is generally the greatest expense for milk production. With volatility in feed and milk markets, income over feed cost (IOFC) is a more advantageous measure of profit than simply feed cost per cow. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of ration cost and ingredient composition ...
Ziai S S Nutrition Department, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada; Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montréal (IRCM), Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Malnutrition in cystic fibrosis (CF) is associated with increased mortality and can lead to fat-free (FFM) and fat mass (FM) loss. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is used and validated to measure FFM and FM. DXA's high cost has led to the utilization of less costly techniques such as bioelectrical impedance ...
Hagberg Lars A - - 2014
Overweight and obesity among young, adult women are increasing problems in Sweden as in many other countries. The postpartum period may be a good opportunity to improve eating habits and lose weight in a sustainable manner. The aim was to make a cost-utility analysis of a dietary behavior modification treatment ...
Jensen Jørgen Dejgård - - 2013
Several studies suggest that a healthy diet with high emphasis on nutritious, low-energy components such as fruits, vegetables, and seafood tends to be more costly for consumers. Derived from the ideas from the New Nordic Cuisine -- and inspired by the Mediterranean diet, the New Nordic Diet (NND) has been ...
Wang H H National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, - - 2013
By 2002, China's prevalence of overweight and obesity among adults was 18.9 and 2.9%, respectively. The replacement of traditional Chinese diet with 'Western diet', major declines in all phases of activity and increased sedentary activity are cited as the main reasons explaining the rapid increase in overweight and obesity, which ...
Timmins Kate A - - 2013
To describe the diet costs of adults in the National Diet and Nutrition Study (NDNS) and explore patterns in costs according to sociodemographic indicators. Cross-sectional diet diary information was matched to a database of food prices to assign a cost to each food or non-alcoholic beverage consumed. Daily diet costs ...
McManus Ruth M RM The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2013
The costs associated with nutritious foods may be a barrier to healthy dietary choices and of particular concern to pregnancies complicated by diabetes. Therefore, a survey was conducted in a tertiary care diabetes and pregnancy clinic to compare the associated costs of actual food choices versus the cost of a ...
Aggarwal Anju - - 2014
Shopping at low-cost supermarkets has been associated with higher obesity rates. This study examined whether attitudes toward healthy eating are independently associated with diet quality among shoppers at low-cost, medium-cost, and high-cost supermarkets. Data on socioeconomic status (SES), attitudes toward healthy eating, and supermarket choice were collected using a telephone ...
Sato Katsufumi - - 2013
Flying and terrestrial animals should spend energy to move while supporting their weight against gravity. On the other hand, supported by buoyancy, aquatic animals can minimize the energy cost for supporting their body weight and neutral buoyancy has been considered advantageous for aquatic animals. However, some studies suggested that aquatic ...
Rizzo John A - - 2013
Meta-analyses of clinical trials have shown that using statins to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reduces cardiovascular events, and more intensive lowering of LDL-C further decreases the risk of occlusive vascular events. Lipoprotein studies suggest treating patients more aggressively when low-density lipoprotein particle (LDL-P) number is discordantly high in the ...
Khan Inamullah - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Success of sterile insect technique (SIT) is dependent upon the mass rearing and release of quality insects, the production of which is directly related to the suitability of the diet ingredients used. Commercial diets used for small-scale culture of mosquitoes are expensive and thus not feasible for mass production. ...
Cicero Arrigo F G - - 2013
Beyond the well-known effects on blood pressure (BP) of the DASH and the Mediterranean diets, a large number of studies have investigated the possible a BP-lowering effect from different dietary supplements and nutraceuticals, mostly antioxidant agents with a high tolerability and safety profile. In particular, a relatively large body of ...
Wilson Nick - - 2013
Given the importance of high sodium diets as a risk factor for disease burden (ranked 11(th) in importance in the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010), we aimed to determine the feasibility of low-sodium diets that were also low-cost, nutritious and (for some scenarios) included familiar meals. The mathematical technique ...
Tuso Philip J - - 2013
The objective of this article is to present to physicians an update on plant-based diets. Concerns about the rising cost of health care are being voiced nationwide, even as unhealthy lifestyles are contributing to the spread of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. For these reasons, physicians looking for cost-effective interventions ...
Saulle Rosella - - 2013
The growing impact of chronic degenerative pathologies (such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer's disease) requires and pushes towards the development of new preventive strategies to reduce the incidence and prevalence of these diseases. Lifestyle changes, especially related to the Mediterranean diet, have the potential to modify disease ...
Fleetcroft Robert - - 2012
There is conflicting evidence as to whether achievement of cholesterol targets at the population level is dependent on the choice and cost of statin. To investigate the practice-level relationship between cholesterol quality indicators in patients with heart disease, stroke, and diabetes and prescribing of low-cost statins. Correlations and linear regression ...
Alexy U - - 2012
This study examined the association between energy density (ED, g/kJ) and diet costs (\[euro]/day) in a sample of 494 German children and adolescents aged 4-18 years using 1100 3-day-weighed dietary records from the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) Study (open cohort study) and retail food prices of 341 ...
Damiens D - - 2012
A successful sterile insect technique program depends upon mass production of good-quality sterile insects for release into a target area. Specifically, to control Anopheles arabiensis Patton (Diptera: Culicidae) in a pilot area in northern Sudan, 1 million An. arabiensis sterile males per day are needed. To reach this production objective, ...
Frega Romeo - - 2012
Linear programming has been used for analyzing children's complementary feeding diets, for optimizing nutrient adequacy of dietary recommendations for a population, and for estimating the economic value of fortified foods. To describe and apply a linear programming tool ("Cost of the Diet") with data from Mozambique to determine what could ...
Ding C - - 2012
Objective:To determine the associations between body composition at baseline and knee cartilage loss over 2.9 years in older adults.Methods:A total of 395 randomly selected subjects (mean 62 years, range 51-81, 50% female) were studied at baseline and 2.9 years later. T1-weighted fat-suppressed magnetic resonance imaging of the right knee was ...
Raveendran Sherine S - - 2012
Background: A better understanding of volume distribution between the superficial (subcutaneous) and deep (subplatysmal) planes of the neck may be useful when deciding on the best course of management for patients presenting for cervical contouring. Objectives: The authors investigate the normal distribution of fat in the superficial and deep planes ...
Kim Bum-Keun - - 2012
Wheat bran and flour mixtures were used in a bread formulation to improve its quality characteristics. Wheat bran was microparticulated using a jet mill, and this microparticulated wheat bran (MWB) was substituted for a portion of wheat flour. As the MWB content increased, water-holding capacity, hardness and springiness increased while ...
Alghoul Mohammed - - 2012
Background Autologous fat transplantation is a common technique for soft tissue augmentation in aesthetic and reconstructive surgery; however, the degree of fat graft take can be unpredictable. Hyaluronan has been shown to be a promising cell carrier in adipose tissue engineering. Objectives The authors investigate the effect of a hyaluronan ...
Boeni R - - 2012
Background: Liposuction surgeons often observe individually fluctuating amounts of aspirated fat. In patients with sagging skin due to previous weight loss there is a tendency of decreased fat aspiration volumes. Objective: To study the influence of weight loss on fat aspiration volumes in a series of 48 patients. Methods: We ...
Mikami Nana - - 2012
  n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and taurine are functional compounds abundantly present in seafoods. In this study, we examined the combined effects of EPA- and DHA-rich fish oil and taurine on white adipose tissue (WAT) weight and blood glucose levels ...
Chen Wen - - 2012
The elevated plasma cholesterol level, in particular, LDL cholesterol is regarded as an important risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. A number of studies provide the evidence that taurine has the efficient action to reduce plasma and liver cholesterol concentrations, especially to decrease VLDL and ...
Washburn Richard A RA Cardiovascular Research Institute, Division of Internal Medicine, The University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. - - 2012
The increased prevalence of obesity and the lack of treatment success both argue for the design and evaluation of strategies to prevent the development of overweight and obesity. To date, the role of resistance training (RT) in this regard is largely unexplored. RT may be effective for weight management as ...
Papageorgiou Konstantinos I - - 2012
To compare soft tissue and fat volumes in the supraorbital area of healthy patients and patients with thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) using 3-dimensional reconstruction software. The superiolateral orbital area was delineated on a bony framework. Three-dimensional reconstruction and volumetric calculation of the retro-orbicularis oculi fat (brow fat), galeal fat (including the ...
Hattori Kousuke - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of statin treatment on coronary plaque composition and morphology by optical coherence tomography (OCT), grayscale and integrated backscatter (IB) intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging. Although previous studies have demonstrated that statins substantially improve cardiac mortality, their precise effect on the lipid ...
Muenkaew Muenpetch - - 2012
Arterial stiffening is an independent predictor for cardiovascular events. Studies using a variety of different techniques have shown that visceral fat accumulation may be related to aortic stiffening. However, there are limited data available about the study using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of the present study is to ...
Metzinger Stephen - - 2012
Volume loss contributes as much to the aging appearance of the face as sagging and rhytids. This occurs in the nasolabial and labiomental creases, as well as the lips, mandibular ramus, and the prejowl sulcus. Treatment of these areas with autogenous fat has yielded results that are generally good, but ...
Snel Marieke - - 2012
Pericardial fat accumulation has been associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. A very low calorie diet (VLCD) improves the cardiovascular risk profile in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), by improving the metabolic profile, heart function, and triglyceride (TG) stores in (non)adipose tissues. However, long-term effects of a VLCD ...
Li Yanru - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To validate the hypothesis that fat tissue accumulation adjacent to the upper airway (UA) contributes to a predisposition of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) irrespective of body mass index (BMI) as well as investigate the effect of the volume of fat tissue on pharyngeal mechanical loads. METHODS: 14 subjects and ...
Di Sabatino Antonio - - 2012
Enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) is a complication of celiac disease (CD). This tumour derives from the neoplastic transformation of aberrant intraepithelial T lymphocytes emerging in celiac patients unresponsive to a gluten-free diet. Poor adherence to a gluten-free diet, HLA-DQ2-homozygosity and late diagnosis of CD are recognized as risk factors for ...
Simonelli Sara - - 2012
An antibody against the lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) enzyme, which negates cholesterol esterification in plasma, causing severe high-density lipoprotein deficiency (HD), was identified in a woman with a large-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Successful treatment of the lymphoma resulted in clearance of the antibody and complete correction of the defective cholesterol esterification and ...
Singh Ripudaman R Department of Livestock Products Technology, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, 141004 Punjab - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to compare the nutritional, processing and sensory characteristics of low-fat ω-3 enriched fatty acids chicken meat patties (CMP) prepared with the incorporation of 4% linseed flour (T1), 2% canola flour (T2), 3% linseed oil (T3), and 4% canola oil (T4) and to estimate ...
Kishida K - - 2011
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are small particles comprised of phospholipids and stabilizing proteins, which carry cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood stream. The incidence of cardiovascular events is high in patients with low level of HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C). In the present study, we defined Δcoronary plaque volume/ΔHDL-C (PH) index as a putative ...
Sofer Sigal - - 2011
This study was designed to investigate the effect of a low-calorie diet with carbohydrates eaten mostly at dinner on anthropometric, hunger/satiety, biochemical, and inflammatory parameters. Hormonal secretions were also evaluated. Seventy-eight police officers (BMI >30) were randomly assigned to experimental (carbohydrates eaten mostly at dinner) or control weight loss diets ...
Helfenstein Tatiana T Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2011
With the increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome worldwide, experimental models are required to better understand the pathophysiology and therapeutic approaches to preserve pancreatic beta cells, attenuate atherosclerosis and protect target organs. The aims of this study were to develop an experimental model of impaired glucose tolerance combined ...
Landau Michael - - 2011
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with insulin resistance (IR). Prior studies have found that in individuals with CKD, leptin is associated with fat mass but resistin is not and the associations with adiponectin are conflicting. This suggests that the mechanism and factors associated with IR in CKD may differ. ...
Unalacak Murat - - 2011
Abstract Background: The typical nutritional plan in Ramadan may have beneficial influences on the inflammatory state, as well as on metabolic and anthropometric parameters. We aimed to investigate the effects of Ramadan fasting on biochemical and hematological parameters and cytokines in healthy and obese individuals. Methods: This study was performed ...
Perera Tarique D - - 2011
Increased neurogenesis in feeding centers of the murine hypothalamus is associated with weight loss in diet-induced obese rodents (Kokoeva et al., 2005 and Matrisciano et al., 2010), but this relationship has not been examined in other species. Postmortem hippocampal neurogenesis rates and premortem metabolic parameters were statistically analyzed in 8 ...
Engle T E - - 2011
Results from experiments investigating Cu metabolism in ruminants indicate that Cu is involved in lipid metabolism. Copper supplementation ranging from 10 to 40 mg of Cu/kg of DM to high-concentrate finishing diets decreased subcutaneous adipose tissue deposition and decreased cholesterol concentrations but increased unsaturated fatty acid composition of LM. Serum ...
Getz Jean - - 2011
Copper is ferried in a cell complexed to chaperone proteins, and in the heart much copper is required for cytochrome c oxidase (Cox). It is not completely understood how copper status affects the levels of these proteins. Here we determined if dietary copper deficiency could up- or down-regulate select copper ...
Adamolekun Bola - - 2010
Konzo is a syndrome of symmetrical, non-progressive, non-remitting spastic paraparesis occurring in epidemic and endemic forms in several countries in Africa, invariably associated with monotonous consumption of inadequately processed bitter cassava roots (Manihot esculenta) with very minimal protein supplementation. Despite numerous epidemiological, clinical and biochemical studies by authors in several ...
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