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Maksymowych Walter P WP Department of Medicine, Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada Center, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Background. Fat metaplasia (FAT) in bone marrow on T1W MRI may develop after resolution of inflammation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and may predict new bone formation in the spine. Similar tissue, termed backfill (BF), may also fill areas of excavated bone in the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) and may ...
Carlson Jenna R JR Department of Biology, Institute for Integrative Bird Behavior Studies, The College of William and Mary, 500 Landrum Drive, Williamsburg, VA, 23187-8795, USA, - - 2014
Mercury is a widespread and persistent environmental contaminant that occurs in aquatic and terrestrial habitats. Recently, songbirds that forage from primarily terrestrial sources have shown evidence of bioaccumulation of mercury, but little research has assessed the effects of mercury on their health and fitness. There are many indications that mercury ...
Ham Eunah E Major in Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Kongju National University, Yesan 340-702, South - - 2014
Diets high in fruits and vegetables are recommended to maintain health. However, accurate fruit intake evaluation is hard and high sugar content in most of the fruits suggest possible negative relationships with health indices. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the fruit intake status of adolescents and ...
Eslamian Ghazaleh G Students Research Committee, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of a low carbohydrate diet score (LCD) to predict the occurrence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in a group of Tehrani children and adolescents after 3.6 years of follow-up.   Diet scores were calculated using a validated ...
Stelmach M J MJ Department of Health and Social Sciences, Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biała Podlaska, 95/97 Sidorska Street, 21-500, Biała Podlaska, Poland, - - 2014
Numerous studies have demonstrated that elevated serum uric acid concentration (SUA) is correlated with lipid profile in hypertensive or obese patients. However, the relationship between serum uric acid levels and lipid profile in non-obese late adolescent population was not examined before. In this study we decided to assess the potential ...
Batis Carolina C Department of Nutrition, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, , Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2014
Most research on dietary patterns and health outcomes does not include longitudinal exposure data. We used an innovative technique to capture dietary pattern trajectories and their association with haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), homeostasis model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes. We included 4096 adults with 3-6 waves ...
Andrade Luís Jesuino de Oliveira LJ Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, - - 2014
Context The mesenteric fat is drained by the portal system, being related to the metabolic syndrome which is an impor-tant risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Objectives Graduate of visceral fat thickness and correlate with the NAFLD degree through ultrasonography method. Methods We studied 352 subjects for age, ...
Zarnowiecki Dorota - - 2014
Children of low socioeconomic position (SEP) generally have poorer diets than children of high SEP. However there is no consensus on which SEP variable is most indicative of SEP differences in children's diets. This study investigated associations between diet and various SEP indicators among children aged 9-13 years. Families (n ...
García-Meseguer María José MJ Faculty of Nursing. University of Castilla-La Mancha. Av España s/n. Campus Universitario. 02071 Albacete (Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this work was to characterize food habits of Spanish University students and to assess the quality of their diet and some possible determinant factors according to Mediterranean food pattern among other indices. 284 enrolled students during the academic year 2012/2013 participated in this survey. For each individual ...
Papoutsou Stalo S Research and Education Institute of Child Health , Strovolos , Cyprus - - 2014
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the association of breakfast consumption with children's diet quality and cardiometabolic risk factors. Study sample consisted of 1558 children aged 4-8 years from Cyprus. Breakfast frequency was assessed through a parental questionnaire. Body mass index (BMI), BMI z-scores, waist circumference, blood ...
Onyenekwu Chinelo P CP Department of Chemical Pathology, Tygerberg Hospital and the National Health Laboratory Services, Stellenbosch University, Parow, South - - 2014
The accurate determination of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) is pertinent in clinical practice. Most laboratories employ the Friedewald formula, for convenient estimation of LDL-c, despite its shortfalls. Different formulae have been proposed for use, for more accurate but convenient estimation of LDL-c. Here, we compare a new formula recently ...
Pot Gerda K GK 1 MRC Human Nutrition Research, Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge, - - 2014
Current indices of diet quality generally include intakes of specific foods or nutrients. We sought to develop an index that discriminates healthy and unhealthy eating choices for use in large surveys as a short questionnaire and as a measure in existing studies with adequate dietary data. The Eating Choices Index ...
Sevane Natalia N Departamento de Producción Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
Consuming moderate amounts of lean red meat as part of a balanced diet valuably contributes to intakes of essential nutrients. In this study, we merged phenotypic and genotypic information to characterize the variation in lipid profile and sensory parameters and to represent the diversity among 15 cattle populations. Correlations between ...
Del Balzo Valeria V Department of Experimental Medicine, Research Unit of Food Science and Human Nutrition, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
In the last decades, dietary supplements consumption has increased in the Western world for all age groups. The long-term potentially dangerous effects related to an indiscriminate consumption of dietary supplements are still unknown and are becoming a matter of public health concern. Therefore, the aims of the present study were: ...
Hernández Joaquín J Department of Animal Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Santiago de Compostela, Campus Universitario, 27002 Lugo, - - 2014
Acute ruminal acidosis is a metabolic status defined by decreased blood pH and bicarbonate, caused by overproduction of ruminal D-lactate. It will appear when animals ingest excessive amount of nonstructural carbohydrates with low neutral detergent fiber. Animals will show ruminal hypotony/atony with hydrorumen and a typical parakeratosis-rumenitis liver abscess complex, ...
Kahn Henry S HS Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, CDC Mail Stop F-73, 4770 Buford Highway, Atlanta, GA 30341, - - 2014
Convention defines pediatric adiposity by the body mass index z-score (BMIz) referenced to normative growth charts. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) does not depend on sex-and-age references. In the HEALTHY Study enrollment sample, we compared BMIz with WHtR for ability to identify adverse cardiometabolic risk. Among 5,482 sixth-grade students from 42 middle ...
Nguyen Christine C Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Mississauga. Electronic address: - - 2013
The Perceived Self-Regulatory Success (PSRS) scale was developed to assess self-reported success at dieting and has been used to differentiate between successful and unsuccessful dieters (Fishbach, Friedman, & Kruglanski, 2003). We re-analyzed data from seventeen studies in order to examine whether PSRS predicted in-lab eating behavior of restrained and unrestrained ...
Livingstone Roshan S RS Metabolic Imaging Group, Institute of Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes Center at Heinrich-Heine University, Auf dem Hennekamp 65, 40225, Düsseldorf, - - 2013
Hepatic and pancreatic fat content become increasingly important for phenotyping of individuals with metabolic diseases. This study aimed to (1) evaluate hepatic fat fractions (HFF) and pancreatic fat fractions (PFF) using (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and the recently introduced fast mDixon method, and to examine body fat effects on ...
Maeno Hiromichi H Laboratory of Animal Husbandry Resources, Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to develop equations to predict carcass tissue weights and percentages and boneless carcass non-trimmed cut weights by using the cold carcass weight (CCW) and three other traits at the 6-7th rib section, which are routinely collected in carcass markets in Japan. Carcasses from 94 ...
Tayyem Reema Fayez - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) among a convenience sample of healthy adults in Jordan. A modified version of the questionnaire known as Diet History Questionnaire I, which measures dietary intakes over a 1-year period, was administrated to ...
Mokhtari Zeinab Z Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology AND National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
The dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern reduces blood pressure. However, there is little information about the relationship between DASH and coronary heart diseases. This study aimed to assess the relationship between a DASH-style diet adherence score and coronary heart diseases (CHD) in patients referring for coronary angiography. ...
Titova Olga E - - 2013
To examine the association between dietary habits, cognitive functioning and brain volumes in older individuals, data from 194 cognitively healthy individuals who participated in the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors cohort were used. At age 70, participants' kept diaries of their food intake for one week. These ...
Shivappa Nitin - - 2013
To perform construct validation of the population-based Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) using dietary data from two different dietary assessments and serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) as the construct validator. Using data derived from (i) three 24 h dietary recalls (24HR) at baseline and at the end of each subsequent quarter ...
Ramdath Dinesh Dan - - 2013
Objective of the study is to identify the predictors of plasma triglycerides. A stratified random sample of university staff categories underwent measurements of anthropometry, blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose, insulin, lipids, CRP and homocysteine. Dietary intakes were assessed using duplicate 24h recalls. HOMA-IR was calculated. Stepwise, multivariate regression analysis ...
Iacobellis Gianluca - - 2013
Objective: Ectopic fat accumulation within the heart and the liver are linked to an increased cardiovascular risk. Ultrasound-measured cardiac and liver steatosis are easily accessible markers of intra-organ ectopic fat accumulation. We test the hypothesis that echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness is independently associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in ...
Wengreen Heidi H Departments of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences (HW and RGM), Psychology (JTT), Family Consumer and Human Development (MCN), and Mathematics and Statistics (AC, AQ, AB, and CC) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies (HW, RGM, CC, JTT, and MCN), Utah State University, Logan, UT, and the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and the Joseph and Kathleen Bryan Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC - - 2013
Healthy dietary patterns may protect against age-related cognitive decline, but results of studies have been inconsistent. We examined associations between Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)- and Mediterranean-style dietary patterns and age-related cognitive change in a prospective, population-based study. Participants included 3831 men and women ≥65 y of age who ...
Psimouli Vassiliki - - 2013
 Fat was replaced at 35% to 100% in cakes by maltodextrin (dextrose equivalent = 3), inulin (high performance and granulated), oligofructose, citrus pectin, and microparticulated protein. Fat replacement by 35% did not induce significant differences in general. Above 65% fat replacement resulted in statistically significant (P < 0.05) decreased viscosity ...
Georgousopoulou Ekavi N - - 2013
Abstract Risk prediction scores have received much attention the past few years, especially in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although diet has been independently associated with CVD risk, its role in the accuracy of the developed scores has rarely been studied. Thus, in this review, the role of ...
Aljadani Haya M A - - 2013
Objective : To evaluate the relationship between diet quality score, as measured by the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS) and six-year weight gain in middle-aged Australian women. Methods : Participants were a sub-sample of women from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) who were followed up from 2001 ...
Comerci M M Biostructure and Bioimaging Institute, National Research Council; Naples, Italy - - - 2013
This study was designed to validate a novel semi-automated segmentation method to measure regional intra-orbital fat tissue volume in Graves' ophthalmopathy. Twenty-four orbits from 12 patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy, 24 orbits from 12 controls, ten orbits from five MRI study simulations and two orbits from a digital model were used. ...
Mursu Jaakko J Divisions of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, - - 2013
A priori diet scores such as the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) and the food-based a priori diet quality score predict chronic disease risk. We compared the AHEI and a priori diet quality score relative to mortality. Postmenopausal women who were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer in ...
Faeh David - - 2013
Traditional risk charts for the prediction of cardiovascular disease (CVD) include cholesterol parameters. We evaluated how models predict fatal CVD when cholesterol is replaced by glucose parameters. We used data from NHANES III, a US survey conducted 1988-1994 (follow-up until 2006); 15,454 participants (1,716 CVD deaths) were included. Based on ...
Ito Kumie - - 2013
Cholesterol levels of non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL), which contains low-density lipoprotein (LDL), intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and chylomicron (CM) remnant, have been proven to perform a significant predictor of coronary heart disease (CHD) better than LDL-cholesterol regardless of triglyceride (TG) levels. The present study investigated the relevance of ...
Hendrie Gilly A - - 2013
To assess the reliability and relative validity of a diet index score derived from a Short Food Survey (SFS). The thirty-eight-item SFS was designed to assess recent dietary intake of 4-11-year-olds to enable calculation of the Dietary Guideline Index for Children and Adolescents. Reliability was assessed based on two online ...
Leatherdale Scott T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The COMPASS study is designed to follow a cohort of ~30,000 grade 9 to 12 students attending ~60 secondary schools for four years to understand how changes in school characteristics (policies, programs, built environment) are associated with changes in youth health behaviours. Since the student-level questionnaire for COMPASS (Cq) ...
Morais Charles Augusto Dos Santos - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has increased steadily in recent years. Literature data show that about 35% of atherosclerotic events occur in the absence of classic risk factors, requiring a broader assessment of the individual to better characterize the risk. Lipid Tetrad Index (LTI) and Lipid Pentad Index ...
Mietus-Snyder Michele M George Washington University School of Medicine & Health Sciences, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, - - 2013
To characterize lipids and lipoproteins in a diverse school-based cohort and identify features associated with discordance between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and LDL particle (LDL-P). Sixth-grade children enrolled in the HEALTHY trial (n = 2384; mean age 11.3 ± 0.6 years; 54.2% female) were evaluated for standard lipids, lipoprotein particles ...
Bukhari Amal A - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To examine the relationship between dyslipidemia and the severity of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). METHODS:: A prospective cohort study of 132 subjects with and 104 without MGD were recruited. A correlation between serum fasting lipids and MGD severity was performed. RESULTS:: Mean age for all candidates was 49.4 years; ...
Vakili Mahdis - - 2013
Healthy growth and development essentially need a balanced diet of nutrients and vitamins which includes a variety of foods from different food groups. The primary aim of this study was to assess the dietary diversity (DD) and its related factors among adolescents' high school girls in Ahvaz-Iran. This was a ...
Jie Yong-Z - - 2013
This study was conducted to evaluate the apparent metabolizable energy (AME) and true metabolizable energy (TME) contents in 30 sources of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) in adult roosters, and establish the prediction equations to estimate the AME and TME value based on its chemical composition and color ...
Jayawardena Ranil - - 2013
Dietary diversity is recognized as a key element of a high quality diet. However, diets that offer a greater variety of energy-dense foods could increase food intake and body weight. The aim of this study was to explore association of diet diversity with obesity in Sri Lankan adults. Six hundred ...
Goldstein Stephanie P SP Drexel University, Department of Psychology, Philadelphia, PA 19102, - - 2013
Evidence indicates that restrained eaters do not eat less than unrestrained eaters in the natural environment. However, no study has examined caloric intake in those who are currently dieting to lose, or avoid gaining, weight. The current study examined caloric intake using 24-hour food recalls among individuals dieting to lose ...
Austin S Bryn SB Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine at Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
We examined purging for weight control, diet pill use, and obesity across sexual orientation identity and ethnicity groups. Anonymous survey data were analyzed from 24 591 high school students of diverse ethnicities in the federal Youth Risk Behavioral Surveillance System Survey in 2005 and 2007. Self-reported data were gathered on ...
Francis H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to conduct a preliminary investigation of the validity and reliability of a short dietary questionnaire designed to assess dietary intake of saturated fat and free sugars. METHODS: Forty students at Macquarie University, aged 17-46 years, completed the Dietary Fat and free Sugar - Short Questionnaire (DFS), a full-length ...
Yang Meng - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To validate a brief FFQ developed for capturing short-term antioxidant intake in a sample of US college students. DESIGN: A seventy-four-item antioxidant FFQ was developed based on major antioxidant sources in the American diet. The FFQ was validated against 30 d food records (FR) and plasma antioxidant concentrations. The ...
Au Lauren E - - 2012
Dietary factors vary widely among ethnic groups. However, the effect of specific nutrients on cardiometabolic risk is not well understood, especially in children. Four dietary factors known to influence cardiometabolic risk (ie, carbohydrate, saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fat intake) were assessed by the Block Kids 2004 Food Frequency Questionnaire in ...
Forbes Laura E - - 2013
The high prevalence of pediatric obesity has made preventing chronic diseases through healthy lifestyle behaviours a priority within pediatrics. Examining the association between diet and insulin sensitivity (IS) in youth may provide important insights for tailoring preventative dietary interventions. The objective of this study was to explore the associations among ...
Wang Ying - - 2012
Dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC), based on the cumulative antioxidant activities of all the antioxidants present in food, has been shown to be inversely associated with risks of chronic diseases. However, dietary TAC has not been validated for its relevance in a healthy young population or for reliability and predictability ...
Lamina Claudia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Effect modification by obesity or obesity-related phenotypes (e.g. physical activity and diet) was observed in some candidate gene studies on lipids. We aimed to evaluate gene-obesity interaction effects on HDL (HDL-C), LDL (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) levels using genetic predisposition scores. METHODS: We derived imputed genotypes for 104 ...
Steffes Gary - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) is a clustering of metabolic and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of MetSyn risk factors in high school (HS) and college (College) football players, and to examine if the prevalence varied according to body fat percent (%Fat). ...
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