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Pellet Bastien B IRSTEA, Unité de Recherche Hydrosystèmes et Bioprocédés, 1 rue P.-G. de Gennes, 92731 Antony, - - 2014
Gammarids are aquatic amphipods widely used for water quality monitoring. To investigate the copper and cadmium diet-borne metal uptake in Gammarus pulex, we adapted the pulse-chase stable isotopes-based approach to determine the food ingestion rate (IR), the gut retention time (GRT) and the metal assimilation efficiencies (AE). G. pulex were ...
Efe Dilek D Department of Medical Nursing, School of Health, Bozok University, Yozgat, - - 2014
This study was conducted to determine adherence to diet and fluid restriction in hemodialysis-treated individuals and the affecting factors in Turkey. This descriptive study was conducted between 15 October 2010 and 15 January 2011 in subjects who voluntarily agreed to participate in the study from three dialysis centers in a ...
Marklund Matti M Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Assessment of compliance with dietary interventions is necessary to understand the observed magnitude of the health effects of the diet per se. To avoid reporting bias, different dietary biomarkers (DBs) could be used instead of self-reported data. However, few studies investigated a combination of DBs to assess compliance and its ...
Heinberg Leslie J LJ Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, Bariatric & Metabolic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue/M61, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA, - - 2014
Weight loss prior to bariatric surgery is often recommended, but success with weight loss varies. The current study piloted the efficacy of a structured, low-glycemic portion-controlled diet (PCD) intervention compared to usual dietary care (UDC). The study randomized 73 subjects in a 12-week, controlled, randomized design. Participants' height, weight, BMI, ...
Gardener S L SL 1] Centre of Excellence for Alzheimer's disease Research and Care, School of Medical Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, WA, Australia [2] Sir James McCusker Alzheimer's Disease Research Unit (Hollywood Private Hospital), Perth, WA, - - 2014
The aim of this paper was to investigate the association of three well-recognised dietary patterns with cognitive change over a 3-year period. Five hundred and twenty-seven healthy participants from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle study of ageing completed the Cancer Council of Victoria food frequency questionnaire at baseline and ...
Jones Joshua B JB Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, - - 2014
To realize the health benefits associated with peanut consumption, it is important that they remain acceptable with regular intake. Peanuts are marketed with various flavorings so that consumers will not become fatigued by frequent consumption of any single flavor. This study sought to determine whether liking of peanuts or compliance ...
Sotos-Prieto Mercedes M 1Department of Epidemiology,Atherothrombosis,and Imaging,Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares (CNIC),28029 - - 2014
To design and develop a questionnaire that can account for an individual's adherence to a Mediterranean lifestyle including the assessment of diet and physical activity patterns, as well as social interaction. The Mediterranean Lifestyle (MEDLIFE) index was created based on the current Spanish Mediterranean food guide pyramid. MEDLIFE is a ...
Eckel Robert H RH University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO - - 2014
The 'necessity' of a fasting lipid panel for assessment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk has been assumed now for decades. The rationale for this position has been the estimation of levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), a major risk factor for ASCVD, by correcting for non-fasting changes in ...
Velázquez-López Lubia - - 2014
The beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet have been amply proven in adults with cardiovascular risk factors. The effects of this diet have not been extensively assessed in pediatric populations with obesity, insulin resistance (IR) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of ...
- - 2014
People with coeliac disease often experience 'brain fog' in addition to intestinal problems, but a study suggests adhering to a gluten-free diet can lead to improvements in cognition as well as intestinal healing.
Thomson Jessica L JL USDA Agricultural Research Service, Stoneville, MS, USA - - 2014
The objective of this secondary analysis was to evaluate the utility of several participant adherence indicators for predicting changes in clinical, anthropometric, dietary, fitness, and physical activity (PA) outcomes in a lifestyle intervention, HUB City Steps, conducted in a southern, African American cohort in 2010. HUB City Steps was a ...
Koloverou Efi E School of Health Science and Education, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, - - 2014
The purpose of this work was to meta-analyze prospective studies that have evaluated the effect of a Mediterranean diet on the development of type 2 diabetes. PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched up to 20 November 2013. English language publications were allocated; 17 ...
Kontogianni Meropi D MD Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, Athens, - - 2014
The effect of diet on the development of stroke has recently achieved much interest by various research groups, but with inconclusive results. The aim of the present review was to systematically present and discuss the up to date available research regarding the relationship between adherence to dietary patterns and stroke. ...
Filomeno M M Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, - - 2014
Background:The Mediterranean diet has a beneficial role on various neoplasms, but data are scanty on oral cavity and pharyngeal (OCP) cancer.Methods:We analysed data from a case-control study carried out between 1997 and 2009 in Italy and Switzerland, including 768 incident, histologically confirmed OCP cancer cases and 2078 hospital controls. Adherence ...
Mateo-Gallego Rocío R Unidad de Lípidos and Laboratorio de Investigación Molecular, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud (I+CS), C/ Padre Arrupe s/n, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
A well-balanced diet is the first-line treatment in hyperlipidemia. The objective was to study the association between serum phytosterols and dietary patterns to use them as surrogate markers of dietary compliance in primary dyslipidemias. 288 patients with primary hyperlipidemias (192 autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia (ADH) and 96 familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL)) ...
Saneei Parvane P Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, - - 2014
Epidemiologic data linking adherence to the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet and metabolic abnormalities is sparse and inconsistent. The association between habitual intake of the DASH diet and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been investigated in the Middle East. We aimed to determine whether usual adherence to the ...
Tucker Katherine L KL From the Department of Clinical Laboratory and Nutritional Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, Lowell, - - 2014
Osteoporosis is a common chronic condition associated with progressive loss of bone mineral density (BMD) and compromised bone strength, with increasing risk of fracture over time. Vegetarian diets have been shown to contain lower amounts of calcium, vitamin D, vitamin B-12, protein, and n-3 (ω-3) fatty acids, all of which ...
Kaholokula J K JK Department of Native Hawaiian Health, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i, 677 Ala Moana Boulevard, Suite 1016B, Honolulu, HI 96813 - - 2014
Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders experience a high prevalence of overweight/obesity. The Diabetes Prevention Program Lifestyle Intervention (DPP-LI) was translated into a 3-month community-based intervention to benefit these populations. The weight loss and other clinical and behavioral outcomes of the translated DPP-LI and the socio-demographic, behavioral, and biological factors associated with the ...
Sewram Vikash V a Oncology Research Unit , Medical Research Council , Overport , South - - 2014
A multicenter hospital-based case-control study comprising 670 incident cases of esophageal cancer (EC) and 1188 controls, frequency-matched for age and sex, was conducted to evaluate the role of diet on EC development in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. A locally relevant lifestyle and dietary questionnaire was used. Adjusted odds ...
Kanerva Noora N Department of Chronic Disease Prevention,National Institute for Health and Welfare,PO Box - - 2014
Dyslipidaemia, hypertension and low-grade inflammation increase the risk of CVD. In the present meta-analysis, we examined whether adherence to a healthy Nordic diet, also called the Baltic Sea diet, may associate with a lower risk of these cardiometabolic risk factors. In 2001-2007, three cross-sectional Finnish studies were conducted: the Dietary, ...
Balantekin Katherine N KN Center for Childhood Obesity Research, The Pennsylvania State University, 129 Noll Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, United States; Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 110 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dieting to lose weight is common among female adolescents. This research investigated the association between maternal and paternal encouragement to diet and their daughters' self-reported "early dieting" (prior to age 11y) and adolescent dieting (between 11y and 15y), and how parental encouragement to diet is related to changes in daughter ...
Barak Farzaneh F 1 Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
Limited observational studies have considered habitual consumption of the general population to examine the relationship between the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and obesity. The aim of the present study was to investigate adherence to the DASH diet in relation to general and central obesity among female nurses ...
Morando Filippo F Department of Medicine, - - 2014
a moderate sodium restriction diet should be indicated in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Nevertheless, there is a lack of specific investigation on its correct application. to evaluate the adherence of patients with cirrhosis and ascites to a moderately low-salt diet and the impact on total calories intake and serum ...
Sotos-Prieto Mercedes M Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y - - 2014
Consumption of a Mediterranean diet (MD) and genetic variation in the glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) gene have been reported to be associated with TAG and glucose metabolism. It is uncertain whether there is any interaction between these factors. Therefore, the aims of the present study were to test the association ...
Arriscado Daniel D Department of Educational Sciences, University of La Rioja, C/ Luis de Ulloa s/n, Edificio Vives, CP 26002, Logroño (Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a tendency in Mediterranean countries to abandon the characteristic Mediterranean diet. This is especially apparent within younger populations. This could have negative consequences for health such as, cardiovascular diseases, obesity or metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to describe adherence to the Mediterranean diet within a ...
Katsarou A A Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Mediterranean diet and perceived stress have long been associated with the likelihood of having an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the Mediterranean diet and other eating behaviors mediate and/or moderate the unfavorable impact of perceived stress on the likelihood of having a ...
Fattore Elena E Departments of Environmental Health Sciences (EF) and Epidemiology (CB), IRCCS-Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche "Mario Negri," Milan, Italy; the Department of Food Science, Università di Parma, Parma, Italy (FB); the Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy (CA); and the Department of Policy Analysis and Public Management & Centre for Research on Health and Social Care Management, Università Bocconi, Milan, Italy - - 2014
Palm oil (PO) may be an unhealthy fat because of its high saturated fatty acid content. The objective was to assess the effect of substituting PO for other primary dietary fats on blood lipid-related markers of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We performed a systematic review and ...
Vormund Kerstin K , Lucerne, - - 2014
Reports on the protective effect of a Mediterranean diet on mortality usually refer to populations from Mediterranean countries, leaving uncertain whether really diet is the fundamental cause. Our aim was to examine the effect of a Mediterranean diet on mortality in Switzerland, a country combining cultural influences from Mediterranean and Central European ...
Sniderman Allan D AD Mike Rosenbloom Laboratory for Cardiovascular Research, McGill University Health Centre, Room H7.22, Royal Victoria Hospital, 687 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study tests the validity of the Hattori formula to calculate LDL apoB based on plasma lipids and total apoB. In 2178 patients in a tertiary care lipid clinic, LDL apoB calculated as suggested by Hattori et al. was compared to directly measured LDL apoB isolated by ultracentrifugation. In subjects with ...
Lunn Trevor E TE Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, - - 2014
The purpose of this review is to evaluate the evidence for an association between the Big Five dimensions of personality, dietary intake, and compliance to dietary recommendations. Poor diet is a known risk factor for overweight and obesity and associated chronic lifestyle diseases and it has been proposed that personality ...
Foster Melissa M Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University in - - 2014
The neutropenic diet historically has been a mainstay in oncology practice, with many providers continuing to adhere tightly to the diet for patients with neutropenia. However, clinically sound evidence remains limited and weak and does not support the diet as a foundation for policy and practice. Therefore, two questions remain: ...
Hillesund Elisabet R ER 1 Department of Public Health, Sports and Nutrition, University of Agder, Serviceboks 422, 4604 Kristiansand, - - 2014
To construct a diet score for assessing degree of adherence to a healthy and environmentally friendly New Nordic Diet (NND) and to investigate its association with adequacy of gestational weight gain and fetal growth in a large prospective birth cohort. Main exposure was NND adherence, categorized as low, medium or ...
Papadopoulou Eleni E Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Lovisenberggata 8, 0456 Oslo, Norway; Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Doctor Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain; Pompeu Fabra University, Plaça de la Mercè 10-12, 08002 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal diet can result in exposure to environmental contaminants including dioxins which may influence foetal growth. We investigated the association between maternal diet and birth outcomes by defining a dioxin-rich diet. We used validated food frequency questionnaires to assess the diet of pregnant women from Greece, Spain, United Kingdom, Denmark ...
Saneei Parvane P Food Security Research Center, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Background: The effects of the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet on inflammation in childhood metabolic syndrome (MetS) have still to be identified. Objective: To examine the effects of the DASH diet on markers of systemic inflammation in adolescents with MetS. Methods: In this randomized, cross-over clinical trial, 60 ...
Schwingshackl Lukas L Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Althanstreet 14 UZA II, Vienna A-1090, - - 2014
The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the long-term effects ( ≥ 12 months) of high-fat (HF) v. low-fat (LF) diet consumption on the indicators of glycaemic control as well as cardiovascular risk factors in pre-diabetic and diabetic individuals. Literature search was carried out using the electronic ...
Poulsen Sanne Kellebjerg SK Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports (NEXS), Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, 1958, Frederiksberg C, Denmark, - - 2014
The New Nordic Diet (NND) has induced weight loss in a 26-week controlled intervention. We aim to investigate whether high compliance and satisfaction can be maintained after the active intervention is discontinued thereby maintaining the health effects. After 26 weeks of intervention with NND or Average Danish Diet (ADD), 147 participants ...
Gardener Hannah H Department of Neurology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet (MeDi) may protect against clinical vascular events by reducing atherosclerosis, but data is limited. This is the first observational study of the association between MeDi adherence and carotid plaque thickness and area. The study included 1374 participants of the population-based Northern Manhattan Study with diet ...
Moosheer Simone M SM Christian Doppler Laboratory for Cardio-Metabolic Immunotherapy and Clinical Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, - - 2014
The current study aims to investigate practicability and effects of a combined dietary intervention with increased relative protein content supplemented with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on metabolic control and inflammatory parameters in a real life situation in type 2 diabetes patients. In this observational study we advised thirty mostly ...
Selem Soraya Sant'ana de Castro - - 2014
Hypertension is a prevalent cardiovascular disease, the important modifiable risk factor of which is diet. The aim of this study was to derive dietary patterns and to test associations with self-reported hypertension and other characteristics, namely demographic, socioeconomic, and lifestyle factors. Data were obtained from the population-based cross-sectional study titled ...
Cunico Cássia C Municipal Health of the São Miguel do Oeste and State Health Administration of the State of Santa Catarina. Florianópolis ( Brazil - - 2014
to evaluate the relation between patient adherence and therapeutic effectiveness of hypolipidemic agents in clinical practice. A retrospective cohort study of 417 patients using hypolipidemic drugs (simvastatin, atorvastatin) between 2003 and 2010 was performed. The population studied consists of patients assisted by the Public Health Service in the far-west region ...
Davison Kariane A - - 2014
To determine the relationship between adherence to the diet reported by patients with type 1 diabetes under routine clinical care in Brazil, and demographic, socioeconomic status, glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors. This was a cross-sectional, multicenter study conducted between December 2008 and December 2010 in 28 public clinics in ...
Bélanger M M Department of Family Medicine, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Canada; Vitalité Health Network Research Centre, Moncton, Canada; Centre de formation médicale du Nouveau-Brunswick, Moncton, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite strong evidence indicating that unbalanced diets relate to chronic diseases and mortality, most adults do not comply with dietary recommendations. To help determine which recommendations could yield the most benefits, the number of deaths attributable to cardiovascular diseases and cancer that could be delayed or averted in Canada if ...
Colin-Ramirez Eloisa E Eloisa Colin-Ramirez, PhD Postdoctoral Fellow, Medicine Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Finlay A. McAlister, MSc Professor, Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. Elizabeth Woo, RD Clinic Dietitian, Heart Function Clinic, Division of Cardiology, University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Canada. Nellie Wong, RD Clinical Dietitian for Heart Function and EASE Clinic and Outpatient Cardiology Dietitian at the Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute. University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Canada. Justin A. Ezekowitz, MBBCh, MSc Director, Heart Function Clinic, Division of Cardiology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2014
Sodium restriction is the primary dietary therapy in heart failure (HF); however, assessing sodium intake is challenging to clinicians, who commonly rely on patients' self-report of following a low-sodium diet to determine adherence. It is important to further explore the utility of self-reported adherence to a low-sodium diet in patients ...
Stephens Samantha S School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, Herston Road, Herston, Queensland, 4006Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To provide an overview of interventions to reduce or prevent overweight or obesity; improve diet or physical activity. Review of meta-analyses and/or systematic reviews of these interventions in any setting or age group. Narrative systematic reviews were included for intervention categories with limited meta-analyses available. Summary measures including weighted mean ...
Escribano Joaquin J Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Universitari St Joan de Reus, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, St Joan s/n, Reus, Catalonia, Spain, - - 2014
Idiopathic hypercalciuria is an inherited metabolic abnormality that is characterised by excessive amounts of calcium excreted in the urine by people whose calcium serum levels are normal. Morbidity associated with idiopathic hypercalciuria is chiefly related to kidney stone disease and bone demineralisation leading to osteopenia and osteoporosis. Idiopathic hypercalciuria contributes ...
Sawin Emily A EA Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of metabolism caused by a deficiency of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase, which metabolizes phenylalanine (phe) to tyrosine. A low-phe diet plus amino acid (AA) formula is necessary to prevent cognitive impairment; glycomacropeptide (GMP) contains minimal phe and provides a palatable alternative to the AA ...
Ruiz-Canela Miguel M Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of - - 2014
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) usually refers to ischemia of the lower limb vessels. Currently, the estimated number of cases in the world is 202 million. PAD is the third leading cause of atherosclerotic cardiovascular morbidity. The measurement of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) is recommended as a first-line noninvasive test for ...
Pelly Fiona E FE School of Health and Sports Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, Queensland, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the dietary regimens reported by athletes competing at a major international competition and report whether these were based on nutrient composition, religious beliefs, cultural eating style, food intolerance or avoidance of certain ingredients. A questionnaire was randomly distributed to 351 athletes in ...
Trovato Francesca M FM University of Catania, Department of Medical and Pediatric Sciences, Catania 95131, - - 2014
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is mostly related to increased BMI and sedentary life, even if it not directly attributable only to these or to single specific factors. Unhealthy lifestyle and obesity are the most probable causes, also in non-diabetic and without alcohol abuse patients, even if lean individuals can ...
Radtke Theda T Department of Psychology, Developmental and Health Psychology, University of Konstanz, PO Box14, 78457 Konstanz, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Compensatory health beliefs (CHBs) - beliefs that an unhealthy behaviour can be compensated for by healthy behaviour - are hypothesised to be activated automatically to help people resolve conflicts between their desires (e.g. eat chocolate) and their long-term goals (e.g. dieting). The aim of the present research was to investigate ...
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