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Veskovic Milena M Institute of Pathophysiology "Ljubodrag Buba Mihailović", Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, - - 2014
Deficiency in methionine or choline can induce oxidative stress in various organs such as liver, kidney, heart, and brain. This study was to examine the effects of alpha-lipoic acid (LA) on oxidative stress induced by methionine and choline deficiency (MCD) in several brain structures. Male mice C57BL/6 (n = 28) were divided ...
Guo Z Y ZY a College of Animal Science and Technology; Key Laboratory of Animal Origin Food Production and Safety Guarantee, Jiangsu Province; Synergetic Innovation Centre of Food Safety and Nutrition , Nanjing Agricultural University , Nanjing - - 2014
Abstract 1. This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of basal dietary supplementation with 500 mg/kg alpha-lipoic acid (LA) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity and meat quality in different stages in broiler chickens. 2. A total of 240 Arbor Acre chickens were randomly assigned into 4 treatment groups, each ...
Morimoto Yuuka Y Laboratory of Clinical Nutrition and Management, Graduate School of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences, The University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8526, - - 2014
Increases in serum phosphorus levels and dietary phosphorus intake induces vascular calcification, arterial sclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. Limiting phosphorus intake is advisable, however, no assessment methods are capable of estimating dietary phosphorus intake. We hypothesized that urinary phosphorus excretion can be translated into estimation of dietary phosphorus intake, and we ...
Vallet J L JL USDA, ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE 68933 - - 2014
Omega fatty acids and zinc contribute to physiological pathways that could affect the farrowing process, stillbirth, preweaning mortality, and postweaning return to estrus. To determine effects of omega fatty acids and zinc on these reproductive traits, gilts were mated and fed either a control diet, a diet supplemented with 1.09% ...
Harabawy Ahmed S A AS Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt; Biology Department, Faculty of Science, North Jeddah, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study was carried out to investigate the genotoxic and cytotoxic potentials of sublethal concentration (5mgL(-1)) of combined metals including Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn (1.25mgL(-1) of each) on erythrocytes of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus after exposure for five and seven days; and to evaluate the protective role of vitamin ...
Byskov M V MV Knowledge Centre for Agriculture - Cattle, 8200 Aarhus N, - - 2014
This study was conducted with the objective to validate a rumination monitoring system (RMS). The RMS was developed by SCR Engineers Ltd. (Netanya, Israel) to record individual rumination time in commercial dairy herds. Four heifers were fed 4 forage types at 3 feeding levels in 4 periods in a Latin ...
Lawal M O - - 2014
A 56-day experiment was conducted with Clarias gariepinus juvenile to evaluate the effects of replacing maize with Spaghetti Waste (SW). Four isonitrogenous experimental diets were formulated by substituting maize with spaghetti waste at different graded levels of 50, 75 and 100%, respectively with a control (100% maize). The experiment was ...
Martínez Fernando F Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, Veterinary Faculty, Autonomous University, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2013
Medical records of 120 Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) from the captive breeding population (CBP), 96 of which were older than 1 wk old, were studied from January 2004 to June 2010. From a total of 413 clinical signs recorded, it was possible to obtain a diagnosis in 258 (62.5%). Inappetence, ...
Ptomey Lauren T - - 2013
Diet assessment of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities is challenging because of their limited cognitive abilities. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility and outcomes of combining photos with 24-hour dietary recalls for the assessment of energy and macronutrient intakes in adults with intellectual and developmental ...
Lewis Craig R G - - 2013
This study examined the changes in weight, fatness and genetic parameters for these traits over a sow's productive life using random regression. Data for body weight (kg) and fat depth at the P2 site (mm) were recorded repeatedly on 3,324 sows from selection to culling. There were up to 19 ...
Chiu Tina Ht - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative validity and reproducibility of the quantitative FFQ used in the Tzu Chi Health Study (TCHS). DESIGN: The reproducibility was evaluated by comparing the baseline FFQ with the 2-year follow-up FFQ. The validity was evaluated by comparing the baseline FFQ with 3 d dietary records and ...
Iraira S P - - 2013
Eight Simmental heifers (initial BW 313.4 ± 13.2 kg) were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 experimental treatments in a 4 × 4 double Latin square design. The experiment was performed in 4, 28-d periods. Treatments tested were a control diet in which barley straw was used as a fiber ...
Madeddu M - - 2013
Local chicken breeds are a vital reservoir of gene resources and their conservation has a technical role related to the future development of the productive system, as well as a social-cultural role. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of egg weight, egg storage period and egg ...
Bae Sun-Hye - - 2012
To investigate the effects of dietary β-glucan (0.5 or 1 g kg(-1) diet: 0.5-BG, 1-BG) and rutin (0.5 or 1 g kg(-1) diet: 0.5-RT, 1-RT) after 10 days in the absence of pathogen challenge on the immune response of Fenneropenaeus chinensis, we determined total hemocyte count (THC) and the expression ...
Banos G - - 2012
This study set out to demonstrate the feasibility of merging data from different experimental resource dairy populations for joint genetic analyses. Data from four experimental herds located in three different countries (Scotland, Ireland and the Netherlands) were used for this purpose. Animals were first lactation Holstein cows that participated in ...
Sterk A - - 2012
The aim of this experiment was to study the effects of feeding different linseed sources on omasal fatty acid (FA) flows, and plasma and milk FA profiles in dairy cows. Four ruminally cannulated lactating Holstein-Friesian cows were assigned to 4 dietary treatments in a 4×4 Latin square design. Dietary treatments ...
Rognlien M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different oils (butter, fish, and oxidized fish) on sensory characteristics of a savory [chile-lime (CL)] low-fat yogurt using descriptive (unstructured line scales, 5 attributes) and affective (hedonic) sensory testing methods. Yogurts were each manufactured at low [1.1-1.2% total fat; ...
Deng Yuanxin - - 2012
The cecal tonsil of broiler is known as a secondary lymphoid tissue, which is involved in antigen-specific humoral immune responses. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary vanadium on the tissue distribution and quantity of immunoglobulin A-positive (IgA(+)) cell in the cecal tonsil by immunohistochemistry. ...
Jeong Sang Chul - - 2012
Secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) acts as the first line of adaptive humoral immune defense at mucosal surfaces. A lack of SIgA or the inability to produce antigen-specific SIgA can lead to an increased risk of infections. Dietary intake may improve mucosal immunity by accelerating SIgA secretion. This study investigated the ...
Okazaki Yukako - - 2011
We previously reported that consumption of a resistant protein, sericin, reduces colon tumorigenesis, constipation, and serum TG in rodents. The present study was conducted to elucidate the effects of dietary sericin on the intestinal luminal environment in rats fed a high-fat (HF) diet. Rats were fed 300 or 50 g/kg ...
Pérez-Berezo Teresa - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that rat intestinal immunoglobulin A (IgA) concentration and lymphocyte composition of the intestinal immune system were influenced by a highly enriched cocoa diet. The aim of this study was to dissect the mechanisms by which a long-term high cocoa intake was capable of modifying gut secretory ...
Sakurai Kaoru - - 2011
Background/Aims: The beneficial effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) in the treatment of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) have been reported. Perilla frutescens (Linn.) Britton var. frutescens is grown in Eastern Asia and its seed (perilla seed) is rich in α-linolenic acid, an n-3 PUFA. We investigated the antinephritic ...
Caminero Alberto - - 2011
PURPOSE: To study the gluten metabolism in healthy individuals and its effect over the intestinal microbial activity. METHODS: The faeces of eleven healthy subjects were analysed under 4 diet regimens: their normal gluten diet, a strict gluten-free diet (GFD), a GFD with a supplemental intake of 9 g gluten/day and a ...
McGregor R A - - 2011
Worldwide obesity is a growing health problem, associated with increased risk of chronic disease. Understanding the molecular basis of adipogenesis and fat cell development in obesity is essential to identify new biomarkers and therapeutic targets for the development of anti-obesity drugs. microRNAs (miRNAs) appear to play regulatory roles in many ...
Conterno Lorenza - - 2011
Obesity is now considered a major public health concern globally as it predisposes to a number of chronic human diseases. Most developed countries have experienced a dramatic and significant rise in obesity since the 1980s, with obesity apparently accompanying, hand in hand, the adoption of "Western"-style diets and low-energy expenditure ...
Sahin Ibrahim - - 2011
The aims of the present study were to examine ghrelin expression in serum and gastrointestinal tract (GIT) tissues, and to measure tissue ghrelin levels and obesity-related alterations in some serum biochemical variables in rats with diet-induced obesity (DIO). The study included 12 male rats, 60 days old. The rats were randomly ...
Wang Xia - - 2011
Rodents respond to a chronic high-fat diet (HFD) in two ways: some readily become obese (obesity prone, OP) and others do not (obesity resistant, OR). Although several hypotheses have been proposed, the mechanisms underlying the inter-individual susceptibility to diet-induced obesity remain to be fully defined. In the present study, two-dimensional ...
Boyle Christina N - - 2011
Obesity results in the increased secretion of various hormones controlling food intake and body weight, such as leptin, and insulin; increased circulating levels of pancreatic amylin have also been described in obese humans and rodents. Because leptin-resistance is e.g. present in diet-induced obese (DIO) rats, and because hyperleptinemia seems necessary ...
von Deneen Karen M - - 2011
To address the causes for obesity in all of China is not feasible in a single article. There are hundreds of ethnic groups over a vast number of provinces. The diet and lifestyle of each is different based upon cultural/ethnic traditions and the environment. Several studies mentioned in this review ...
Suh Miyoung - - 2011
The present study investigated whether fatty acid compositions of testes are affected by the obese condition and dietary n-3 long-chain fatty acid (LCFA) intake. Male lean and obese Zucker rats were fed a 15 % (w/w, total diet) fat diet containing either 0 or 5·0 % (w/w, total fatty acids) n-3 LCFA ...
Duggan Gavin - - 2011
This study determined if targeted (1) H-NMR metabolomic profiling of serum could be employed to distinguish the effects of obesity from those of diet in mice. Following weaning, littermates were randomly divided into two diet groups; chow or high fat. After 12wk of dietary manipulation, fat-fed animals were obese and ...
Cornier Marc-Andre MA Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2011
Obesity is a serious and growing public health problem in the United States and the world. While weight loss is associated with significant benefits in obesity-related co-morbidities, successful long-term weight loss maintenance is extremely difficult. This limited success is primarily due to biologic mechanisms that clearly favor weight regain. The ...
Yilmaz Nigar - - 2011
Calorie restriction (CR) has attracted increased interest since CR enhances lifespan and alters age-related decline in hippocampal-dependent cognitive functions. Obesity is associated with poor neurocognitive outcome including impaired hippocampal synaptic plasticity and cognitive abilities such as learning and memory. N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are linked to hippocampal-dependent learning and memory, which ...
Peiretti P G - - 2011
An experiment has been conducted to study the effects of the inclusion of plant oil in rabbit diets. This study was aimed at evaluating the beneficial effects of the inclusion of maize oil (MO), rich in unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs), compared to palm oil (PO) containing saturated fatty acids (SFAs), ...
Frias Antonio E AE Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA. - - 2011
Prepregnancy maternal obesity confers an increased risk of stillbirth, but the mechanisms are unknown. Maternal obesity is associated with placental inflammation. We considered that maternal diet may predispose to the increased risk of placental inflammation and stillbirth. We hypothesized that a chronic high-fat diet (HFD) is associated with abnormal uteroplacental ...
Martínez-Salazar Maria Fernanda - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the L55M and Q192R paraoxonase (PON1) polymorphisms and obesity in a population of adult Mexican workers. The study population included 127 adult individuals from the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, ranging in age from 20 to 56 years and ...
Qian Yimin - - 2011
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase-1 (DGAT-1) is the enzyme that catalyzes the final and committed step of triglyceride formation, namely, the acylation of diacylglycerol with acyl coenzyme A. DGAT-1 deficient mice demonstrate resistance to weight gain on high fat diet, improved insulin sensitivity, and reduced liver triglyceride content. Inhibition of DGAT-1 thus represents ...
de la Garza Ana Laura - - 2011
Obesity is a multifactorial disease characterized by an excessive weight for height due to an enlarged fat deposition such as adipose tissue, which is attributed to a higher calorie intake than the energy expenditure. The key strategy to combat obesity is to prevent chronic positive impairments in the energy equation. ...
Harcourt Brooke E - - 2011
Obesity is highly prevalent in Western populations and is considered a risk factor for the development of renal impairment. Interventions that reduce the tissue burden of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) have shown promise in stemming the progression of chronic disease. Here we tested if treatments that lower tissue AGE burden ...
Rivera Patricia - - 2011
Endocannabinoid signalling participates in the control of neurogenesis, especially after brain insults. Obesity may explain alterations in physiology affecting neurogenesis, although it is unclear whether cannabinoid signalling may modulate neural proliferation in obese animals. Here we analyse the impact of obesity by using two approaches, a high-fat diet (HFD, 60% ...
Lund Elizabeth K - - 2011
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of premature death in the UK and many developed countries. However, the risk of developing CRC is well recognised to be associated not only with diet but also with obesity and lack of exercise. While epidemiological evidence shows an association with factors such ...
Velloso L A LA Laboratory of Cell Signaling, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2011
Energy homeostasis involves a complex network of hypothalamic and extra-hypothalamic neurons that transduce hormonal, nutrient and neuronal signals into responses that ultimately match caloric intake to energy expenditure and thereby promote stability of body fat stores. Growing evidence suggests that rather than reflecting a failure to regulate caloric intake, common ...
Aucott L L Section of Population Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK. - - 2011
Weight and lipids are critical components of the metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Past reviews considering weight loss on lipid profiles have been for ≤1 year follow-up and/or were for very overweight, obese or morbidly obese participants. This systematic review includes lifestyle interventions for adults (18-65 years), with a ...
Mirzaei K - - 2011
ANGPTL6 (Angiopoietin-related growth factor 6) is a circulating protein which is suggested to antagonize obesity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a potential relationship between fasting serum ANGPTL6 and resting metabolic rate (RMR) as well as the body composition in obese and subjects with normal weight. Participants were ...
Sudderth Stephen D - - 2011
Obesity is a broad topic to discuss. Books have been written about every aspect of this complicated disease. The disease is treatable with diet, exercise, behavioral modification, pharmacotherapy, and surgery but to date is not curable. Weight re-gain and return of co-morbidities will occur if long-term lifestyle changes are not ...
Janesick Amanda - - 2011
Obesity and related disorders are a burgeoning public health epidemic, particularly in the U.S. Currently 34% of the U.S. population is clinically obese (BMI > 30) and 68% are overweight (BMI > 25), more than double the worldwide average and 10-fold higher than Japan and South Korea. Obesity occurs when ...
Bennetzen M F MF Department of Endocrinology C, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus C, Denmark. - - 2011
Endocannabinoids (ECs) have a role in obesity by affecting appetite and through peripheral effects. Obesity is associated with a dysregulation of the endocannabinoid system (ECS). We aimed to determine the ECS in subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) in obese subject and investigate the influence of diet-induced weight loss on this system. ...
Taraschenko Olga D - - 2011
O.D. Taraschenko, I.M. Maisonneuve, and S. D. Glick. Evidence suggests that the development of diet-induced obesity in males and females might be mediated by distinct mechanisms, warranting different treatment approaches. In previous studies from this laboratory, a high sucrose diet induced excessive weight gain in female but not in male ...
Stewart Jessica E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Both orosensory stimulation and feedback from the gastrointestinal tract contribute to energy intake regulation. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the hypothesis that overweight or obese subjects would be less sensitive to both oral and intraduodenal oleic acid exposure than would lean subjects. DESIGN: Eleven overweight or obese and 8 lean men ...
Spencer Sarah J - - 2011
Obesity is fast becoming the scourge of our time. It is one of the biggest causes of death and disease in the industrialized world, and affects as many as 32% of adults and 17% of children in the USA, considered one of the world's fattest nations. It can also cost ...
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