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Caselli Michele M Michele Caselli, Giovanni Zuliani, Francesca Cassol, Cecilia Soavi, Department of Medical Sciences, Internal Medicine Institute, University of Ferrara, 44100 Ferrara, - - 2014
To investigate the clinical response of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms to exclusion diets based on food intolerance tests. A double blind, randomized, controlled pilot trial was performed in 38 GERD patients partially or completely non-responders to proton pump inhibitors (PPI) treatment. Fasting blood samples from each patients were obtained; ...
Klevenhusen F F Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, Vetmeduni Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and precision of indwelled wireless sensors relative to intrareticuloruminal differences in dairy cows transitioned from a forage to a high-concentrate diet. A feeding trial was performed with 8 rumen-cannulated Holstein cows. The cows were stepwise switched from 0 to 60% ...
AlZahal O O Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, N1G 2W1, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to determine the effect of active dry Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ADSC) supplementation on dry matter intake, milk yield, milk components, ruminal pH, and microbial community during a dietary regimen that leads to subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA). Sixteen multiparous, rumen-cannulated lactating Holstein cows were randomly assigned ...
Gilbert M S MS 1Animal Nutrition Group,Wageningen University,PO Box 338,6700 AH,Wageningen,The - - 2014
Calf milk replacers (MR) commonly contain 40% to 50% lactose. For economic reasons, starch is of interest as a lactose replacer. Compared with lactose, starch digestion is generally low in calves. It is, however, unknown which enzyme limits the rate of starch digestion. The objectives were to determine which enzyme ...
Mohajeri S S Dermatology and Internal Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting children and adolescents worldwide. The relationship of AD to diet has been a matter of curiosity for many years. Here we look at the evidence in the literature of the association between AD and diet, and the effectiveness of elimination ...
Aina Bolajoko A BA Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Biopharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lagos, Lagos, - - 2014
Nutritional supplements are preparations intended to supplement the diet and provide nutrients. They include vitamins, minerals, fiber, fatty acids, or amino acids, that may be missing or may not be consumed in sufficient quantities in a person's diet. Many health professionals including dietitians, physicians and pharmacists are supplement users. The ...
Mullan Barbara - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore whether two aspects of self-regulation (impulsivity and temporal orientation) could reduce the intention–behaviour gap for two dietary behaviours: fruit and vegetable consumption and saturated fat consumption. Australian undergraduate students (N = 154) completed questionnaires (the Barratt impulsiveness scale and the consideration of ...
Mullan Barbara B School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to explore whether two aspects of self-regulation (impulsivityand temporal orientation) could reduce the intention-behaviour gap for two dietary behaviours: fruit and vegetable consumption and saturated fat consumption. Australian undergraduate students(N=154)completed questionnaires (the Barrattimpulsivenessscale and the consideration of future consequences scale) and intention measures, and ...
Freitas Roberto Wagner Júnior Freire de - - 2013
to evaluate the lipid profile in a population of university students. cross-sectional study with 702 students, of both genders enrolled in various courses at a public university in Fortaleza-CE. The demographic data and data on lifestyle habits were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. The blood collection was performed in a ...
Regulska-Ilow Bozena - - 2013
Dietary and lifestyle risk factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The excessive intake of products that could affect atherogenic effect and are rich sources of saturated fatty acids (SFA) and cholesterol conductive the occurrence of lipid metabolism disturbances in the body. Evaluation of fatty ...
Ishihara Keiichi - - 2012
Group IVA phospholipase A(2) (IVA-PLA(2)) is an enzyme that intiates the arachidonic acid pathway and plays an important role in inflammation. We demonstrate that IVA-PLA(2) deficiency suppresses lipid deposition in the liver, which was induced by administration of a high-fat and -cholesterol diet (HFCD) for 16 wk in mice. Herein, ...
Taleb-Senouci Douja - - 2012
Objectives  The aim of this study was to determine the effects of Ajuga iva aqueous extract on lecithin : cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) activity and amount and composition of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)(2) and (HDL)(3) , in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Methods  Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of STZ ...
Mallek Zouhir - - 2012
Increasing consumer demand for healthier food products has led to the development of governmental policies regarding health claims in many developed countries. In this context, contamination of poultry by food-borne pathogens is considered one of the major problems facing the progress of the poultry industry in Tunisia. Zeolite (Clinoptilolites) was ...
Jung Samooel S Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of - - 2011
The effect of a dietary supplementation of gallic acid and linoleic acid mixture (MGL) and their synthetic salt, sodium 2,3-dihydroxy-5-(((9E,12E)-octadeca-9,12-dienyloxy)carbonyl)phenolate (NGL), on egg quality was investigated. A total of 120 laying hens were allotted into five groups over 4weeks of the experimental period. Birds were fed the following diets: (1) ...
Chapinal N - - 2010
Cow gait, walking speed, time spent lying down, and distribution of weight among legs when standing during the week before and up to 5 wk after hoof trimming were assessed in 48 lactating Holstein cows housed in freestall pens to examine how changes in gait score following hoof trimming were ...
Delany K K - - 2010
An experiment was conducted to measure the effect of diet on circulating concentrations of metabolic hormones and metabolites in cows undergoing extended lactations. Two groups of 6 Holstein-Friesian cows managed for lactations of 670 d were used in the experiment. One group was fully fed on a total mixed ration ...
Ardalan M - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of feeding different levels of ruminally protected methionine and choline on the incidence of physiological and metabolic disorders, production, and some of the reproductive indices of Holstein dairy cows. Forty Holstein dairy cows in their first and second lactation were ...
Iqbal S - - 2010
Feeding dairy cows large proportions of cereal grain is commonly associated with rumen acidosis, activation of innate immunity, and perturbation of intermediary metabolism. We previously showed that steeping barley grain in 0.5% lactic acid (LA) decreased the rate of starch degradation, lowered the risk of subacute rumen acidosis, modulated rumen ...
DeGroot M A - - 2010
Our objectives were to determine if dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) and source of anions influence periparturient feed intake and milk production of dairy cattle during the transition period. Diets differed in DCAD (cationic or anionic) and anionic supplement. The 4 diets used prepartum were (1) control [DCAD +20 mEq/100g of ...
Grainger C - - 2010
The primary objective of our research was to determine the effect of a high dose of monensin supplementation on enteric CH(4) emissions of dairy cows offered a ryegrass pasture diet supplemented with grain. An additional objective was to evaluate effects on milk production and rumen function, because a commensurate improvement ...
Meier S - - 2010
Studies investigating variation in birth sex ratio indicate that the energy status of the dam prebreeding can influence the sex of the subsequent offspring. The Trivers-Willard hypothesis suggests that dams in good condition would produce more male offspring, whereas dams in poor condition (relative to dams in good condition) would ...
Inchaisri C - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine the contribution of cow factors to the probability of a successful first insemination (SFI). The investigation was performed with 51,791 lactations from 1,396 herds obtained from the Dutch dairy cow database of the Cattle Improvement Co-operative (CRV). Cows that had the first ...
Al Ibrahim R M - - 2010
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of live yeast (LY) supplementation and body condition score (BCS, 1-5 scale) at calving on milk production, metabolic status, and rumen physiology of postpartum (PP) dairy cows. Forty Holstein-Friesian dairy cows were randomly allocated to a 2 × 2 factorial ...
Liu Q - - 2010
To evaluate the effects of calcium propionate (CaP) supplementation on feed intake, milk yield and milk composition, energy balance, blood metabolites and urine ketones in early lactation Holstein dairy cows from 1 to 63 days in milk (DIM), 32 multiparous Holstein dairy cows, blocked by lactation number, previous 305-day milk ...
Therkildsen Margrethe - - 2011
A compensatory finishing strategy was evaluated to improve the quality of meat from dairy cows. The experiment included ten pairs of Holstein Friesian dairy cows. Each pair was the progeny of the same sire, in the same parity, and approximately at the same number of days in lactation before entering ...
Gaafar H M A - - 2011
A total of 1,243 records for 585 dairy Friesian cows from 1997-2004 were used to study the factors affecting dystocia and its effects on reproductive performance and milk production. The overall incidence of dystocia was 6.9%. The percentage of dystocia decreased with increasing live body weight, age, and parity of ...
Hackbart K S - - 2010
This study evaluated potential effects of organic trace mineral supplementation on reproductive measures in lactating dairy cows. Cows were blocked by breed and randomly assigned at dry-off to receive inorganic trace mineral supplementation (control; n = 32) or to have a portion of supplemental inorganic Zn, Cu, Mn, and Co ...
Fürll M - - 2010
Numerous adjunct therapeutic agents have been investigated for the treatment or control of fat mobilization syndrome in periparturient dairy cows. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of multiple i.v. injections of 10% butaphosphan and 0.005% cyanocobalamin combination (Catosal, Bayer Animal Health, Leverkusen, Germany) between 1 and ...
Coleman J - - 2010
The primary objective of the study was to quantify the effect of genetic improvement using the Irish total merit index (Economic Breeding Index) on dry matter intake and feed efficiency across lactation and to quantify the variation in performance among alternative definitions of feed efficiency. Three genotypes of Holstein-Friesian dairy ...
Kargar S - - 2010
Feed intake and feeding behavior of dairy cows fed diets that varied in fat supplementation and forage:concentrate (F:C) ratio were investigated. Eight multiparous Holstein dairy cows were used in a replicated 4x4 Latin square experiment with 21-d periods. Treatments were 1) no supplemental fat and 34:66 F:C ratio; 2) 2% ...
Coleman J - - 2010
The objective of the study was to quantify the effect of genetic improvement using the Irish total merit index, the Economic Breeding Index (EBI), on overall performance and lactation profiles for milk, milk solids, body weight (BW), and body condition score (BCS) within 2 pasture-based systems of milk production likely ...
Burke C R - - 2010
The working hypothesis was that postpartum anovulatory intervals (PPAI) of grazing dairy cows are shortened by inclusion of concentrates that increase the nonstructural carbohydrate content of the transition diet. Dietary treatments were arranged as a 2x2 factorial, with 68 multiparous cows assigned to isoenergetic diets (114 MJ of metabolizable energy/cow ...
Aoki N - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with the disaccharides trehalose and cellobiose on antioxidant activity in rumen fluid, blood, and milk of dairy cows. Nine Holstein dairy cows housed in a free-stall barn were divided into 3 groups, with each group receiving a ...
Machado V S - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of claw horn disruption lesions (CHDL; sole ulcers and white line disease) and body condition score (BCS) at dry-off on survivability, milk production, and reproductive performance during the subsequent lactation. An observational prospective cohort study was conducted on a large ...
Østergaard S - - 2010
The hypothesis was that dairy cows housed for 1 mo after calving in a separate group with herd mates would produce more milk and would be healthier than cows integrated in a group of all lactating cows immediately after calving. The experiment was conducted with 489 cows in 6 commercial ...
Romera A J - - 2010
Methodological problems occur in measuring herbage intake and diet quality during short-term (4-24h) progressive defoliations by grazing. Several models were developed to describe pasture component selection by grazing ruminants, particularly sheep. These models contain empirical coefficients to determine preferences that require laborious and data-demanding calibration. The objective was to develop ...
Moallem U - - 2010
Multiparous Israeli-Holstein cows (n=42) averaging 158 d in milk and 621 kg of body weight were used to investigate the effects of energy source (fat or concentrate) on production, rumination time, energy balance, metabolic heat production, and efficiency under hot and humid conditions. Cows were assigned to 3 diet treatment ...
Janovick N A - - 2010
An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of plane of energy intake prepartum on postpartum performance. Primiparous (n=24) and multiparous (n=23) Holsteins were randomly assigned by expected date of parturition to 1 of 3 prepartum energy intakes. A moderate energy diet [1.63 Mcal of net energy for lactation (NE(L))/kg; ...
Antončić-Svetina M - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate serum lipids, metabolic parameters and activity of the anti-oxidative enzyme paraoxonase-1 (PON1). The study was conducted on non-pregnant heifers with optimal health status and on healthy dairy cows in the period of intensive lactation, assuming that the energy and metabolic demands during ...
Tyagi Nitin - - 2010
Objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effects of supplementation of bypass fat on milk production and reproductive performance of crossbred cows. Nineteen multiparous crossbred cows (2-4 lactation) were divided in two groups on the basis of most probable production ability (MPPA). The animals in group 1 (nine ...
Afzalzadeh Ahmad - - 2010
The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of fat supplementation during the transition period on pre and postpartum body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS), non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), glucose and leptin concentrations in Holstein cows. Holstein cows (n = 15) received a low fat diet (LF; ...
Norman H D - - 2010
Four US genetic-economic indices for dairy cattle were retrofitted to illustrate differences in phenotypic response observed for retrospective selection over 2 generations for currently evaluated traits, even though producers did not have evaluations available at the time for direct selection for those traits. Differences among cows were compared based on ...
Kanjanapruthipong J - - 2010
Heat stress of lactating cattle results in dramatic reductions in dry matter intake (DMI). As a result, energy input cannot satisfy energy needs and thus accelerates body fat mobilization. Decreasing the level of roughage neutral detergent fiber (NDF) in prepartum diets, and thereby increasing the amount of nonfiber carbohydrates, may ...
Horn M - - 2010
The objective was to determine the effects of natural- or synthetic-source vitamin E on reproductive efficiency in Angus-cross beef cows. In Exp. 1, one hundred fifty-two cows were fed hay and corn silage based diet and assigned to 1 of 3 dietary supplements (3 pens/treatment): 1) containing no additional vitamin ...
Palmer Maeve A - - 2010
This study compared three methods of estrus detection and characteristics of standing estrus between dairy cows kept in cubicle housing and fed a total mixed ration diet (HOUSED treatment) and those kept at pasture with concentrate ration supplementation (PASTURE treatment). The 23 spring-calved Holstein-Friesians in each treatment were monitored by ...
Radunz A E - - 2010
Mature Angus-cross beef cows (n = 144) were used to determine effects of late gestation dietary energy source on pre- and postpartum cow performance in a complete randomized block design experiment. Cows were adapted to diets starting at 167 +/- 9 d of gestation and fed until 1 wk before ...
Clark C E F - - 2010
Capturing urine and spreading it evenly across a paddock reduces the risk of nitrogen loss to the environment. This study investigated the effect of 16h/d removal from pasture on the capture of urination events, milk production, pasture intake, and animal welfare from cows grazing fresh pasture in early and late ...
Hymøller L - - 2010
How hair-coated animals such as dairy cows synthesize endogenous vitamin D(3) during exposure to summer sunlight has been unclear since vitamin D(3) and its relation to sunlight was discovered. The fur of fur-bearing animals is thought to be comparable to clothing in humans, which prevents vitamin D(3) synthesis in the ...
Preynat A - - 2010
The present experiment was undertaken to study the interactions between dietary supplements of rumen-protected methionine (RPM) and intramuscular injections of folic acid and vitamin B(12), given from 3 wk before calving to 16 wk of lactation, on hepatic metabolism of lactating dairy cows. Sixty multiparous Holstein cows were assigned to ...
Zhang J - - 2010
Favorable uterine involution and ovarian activity are very important for the next reproductive cycle of postpartum cows. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of parity on uterine involution and resumption of ovarian activity in Chinese Holstein dairy cows after calving under similar postpartum nutritional conditions. Traits ...
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