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Kimura Ken-Ichi - - 2014
Abstract During courtship, Drosophila melanogaster males usually position themselves behind the target female. To decipher the sensory cues that guide the males to the courting position, we quantitatively analyzed male locomotion traces within a circular observation chamber, at the center of which an immobilized virgin female was placed as a ...
Marino R - - 2013
The effects of breed and aging time (1, 7, 14, 21days) were evaluated on meat tenderness and on proteolysis in 24 young bulls from Romagnola×Podolian crossbreed, Podolian and Friesian breed. Shear force decreased with aging in all breeds and showed the highest values at 1 and 7days in Podolian meat. ...
Bilinski Tomasz - - 2012
Two Letters to the Editor (Ganley, et al., 2012) and (Kaeberlein, 2012) have been published as a reaction to our commentary entitled "Hypertrophy hypothesis as an alternative explanation of the phenomenon of replicative aging of yeast" (Bilinski, et al., 2012). Our response to those letters, due to its limited length ...
Wheelwright Nathaniel T - - 2012
• Premise of the study: In dioecious species, selection should favor different leaf sizes in males and females whenever the sexes experience distinct environments or constraints such as different costs of reproduction. We took advantage of a long-term experimental study of Ocotea tenera (Lauraceae), a dioecious understory tree in Monteverde, ...
Filleter Tobin - - 2012
A unique size-dependent strain hardening mechanism, that achieves both high strength and ductility, is demonstrated for penta-twinned Ag nanowires (NWs) through a combined experimental-computational approach. Thin Ag NWs are found to deform via the surface nucleation of stacking fault decahedrons (SFDs) in multiple plastic zones distributed along the NW. Twin ...
Barbezat C - - 2012
Summary  Palatal augmentation prostheses are commonly used in the treatment for dysphagia. By lowering the palatal contours, the tongue contact is increased and thus the bolus propulsion facilitated. However, the unfavourable weight of such appliances may be avoided when using lingual plates. Hence, the aim of this study is to ...
Yu S - - 2012
Summary  This study was designed to investigate the expression differences of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1), IGF type 1 receptor (IGFR1) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP3) in mandibular condylar cartilage between male and female rats with experimentally created malocclusion. A total of 40 male and 40 female rats were used, and malocclusion ...
Kapuku Gaston K GK Georgia Prevention Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, GA 30912-4534. - - 2012
Research regarding the influence of mental stress (MS) on heart function focused primarily on heart contractility. We hypothesized that MS results in attenuated diastolic function (DF) as early as in adolescence and this effect may differ by race and sex. 161 normotensive adolescents (81 blacks and 80 females) performed resting ...
Goyle Anuradha - - 2012
A study was designed to determine the effect of supplementation of biscuits with and without micronutrients on the weight and height of adolescent girls (N=107) in the age group of 10 to 16 years studying in a government school in Jaipur city. Data on weights and heights were collected using ...
Larouche Richard - - 2012
Several studies have reported an age-related decline of physical activity (PA). We examined the impact of 4 important transitional periods-adolescence, the beginning of postsecondary education, entry into the labor market, and parenthood-on the PA of participants in the Trois-Rivières quasi-experimental study. In 2008, 44 women and 42 men aged 44.0 ...
Neiman M - - 2012
As only females contribute directly to population growth, sexual females investing equally in sons and daughters experience a two-fold cost relative to asexuals producing only daughters. Typically, researchers have focused on benefits of sex that can counter this 'cost of males' and thus explain its predominance. Here, we instead ask ...
Stephan Yannick - - 2012
Objectives.The present study is an attempt to experimentally induce a younger subjective age among older adults and to test whether they show better physical functioning when they are induced to feel younger.Method.Participants were 49 older adults aged between 52 and 91 years. Following an initial measure of handgrip performance as ...
Lo Pei-Chen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Chan-meditation on electrocardiogram (ECG) regulated by various respiratory rhythms. METHODS: ECG complexes were firstly transformed into continuous wavelet transform (CWT) coefficient map. Three schemes were employed in the interpretation of CWT map: the moment-invariants analysis, the correlation-coefficient analysis of eigenvector derived by singular value ...
Han Jie - - 2012
A facile one-step method was proposed for the successful synthesis of Ag-nanoparticle-loaded mesoporous silica SBA-15 composites, where silver ions and their corresponding reductant aniline were added in the traditional synthetic system of mesoporous silica SBA-15 containing P123 as the surfactant and TEOS as the silica source. Mesoporous silica SBA-15 and ...
Kawaguchi Hiroaki - - 2012
In this study we demonstrated growth curves and reference values for hematological and serum biochemical parameters of Microminipigs, the world smallest experimental minipigs. In both male and female animals, the body weights (BWs) at 3 and 6 months of age were <5 kg and <10 kg, respectively, and growth curve ...
Bedos M - - 2012
Bucks rendered sexually active by a photoperiod treatment of long days can induce fertile ovulation in a group of goats with only 4h of contact daily with a male:female ratio of 1:10. Here we tested whether such bucks could induce fertile ovulations when stimulating successively three different groups of anovulatory ...
Jain Veena - - 2012
Abstract Objective. The objective of the study was to investigate whether moderate-to-severe attrition is associated with maximum bite force in the first molar region. Methodology. Maximum bite force in the first molar region was measured for a total of 60 subjects having moderate-to-severe attrition of occlusal surface (experimental group) using ...
Mahr Katharina - - 2012
The differential allocation hypothesis (DAH) predicts that individuals should adjust their parental investment to their current mate's quality. Although in principle the DAH holds for both sexes, male adjustment of parental investment has only been tested in a few experimental studies, revealing contradictory results. We conducted a field experiment to ...
Wood Fiona - - 2012
Each one of us is a self-organizing mass of multiple cell types. From fertilization of the embryo our tissue structures develop until an adult morphology is achieved. At that point our capacity for self-organization is directed to maintaining that morphology in the face of the insults of our daily life ...
Rosado-Pérez J - - 2012
Objective: To determine the effect of Tai Chi on oxidative stress in a population of elderly Mexican subjects. Design: It was carried out a quasi-experimental study with a sample of 55 healthy subjects randomly divided into two age-matched groups: (i) a control group with 23 subjects and (ii) an experimental ...
Giel Katrin E - - 2012
Weight-related stigmatization is a public health problem. It impairs the psychological well-being of obese individuals and hinders them from adopting weight-loss behaviors. We conducted an experimental study to investigate weight stigmatization in work settings using a sample of experienced human resource (HR) professionals from a real-life employment setting. In a ...
Swami Viren - - 2012
Previous work has suggested that the experience of psychological stress may influence physical attractiveness ideals, but most evidence in favour of this hypothesis remains archival. The objective of this study was to experimentally investigate the impact of stress on men's judgements of female body size. Men were randomly assigned to ...
Vedder Oscar - - 2012
Although functional explanations for female engagement in extra-pair copulation have been studied extensively in birds, little is known about how extra-pair paternity is linked to other fundamental aspects of avian reproduction. However, recent studies indicate that the occurrence of extra-pair offspring may generally decline with laying order, possibly because stimulation ...
Diersch Nadine - - 2011
A large body of evidence suggests that action execution and action observation share a common representational domain. To date, little is known about age-related changes in these action representations that are assumed to support various abilities such as the prediction of observed actions. The purpose of the present study was ...
Ahluwalia A - - 2011
Impairment of angiogenesis - new capillary blood vessel formation from pre-existing vessels, is frequent in aging tissues and cells. Reduced angiogenesis in aging individuals is associated with increased incidence of myocardial infarctions and other cardiovascular diseases. Therefore there is a need to develop novel strategies to enhance angiogenesis in aging ...
Jadhav Ashish Anantrao - - 2011
Objective: To determine adenosine deaminase activity in overweight and obese Indian subjects. Methods: This study comprised of 100 subjects. The body mass index (BMI) of subjects was calculated and adenosine deaminase activity was determined in their fasting blood sample. The study was divided into three groups depending upon BMI: Control ...
Sarkar Aparna - - 2011
The effects of obesity on the balance and gait parameters like step width and foot angle (degree of toe out) in young adults were studied. 60 subjects of both the genders were taken. 30 were taken as a control group (non-obese, BMI < 25) and 30 were taken as experimental ...
Gruber Staci A SA Cognitive and Clinical Neuroimaging Core, McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, USA. - - 2011
Difficulty monitoring and inhibiting impulsive behaviors has been reported in marijuana (MJ) smokers; neuroimaging studies, which examined frontal systems in chronic MJ smokers, have reported alterations during inhibitory tasks. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) provides a quantitative estimate of white matter integrity at the microstructural level. We applied DTI, clinical ratings, ...
Zaragoza J - - 2011
Perceived barriers were the single most powerful predictors of a change in health behaviours and the most consistent negative correlate of children's actual physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to compare the perceived barriers of physical activity in 714 adolescent girls defined by physical activity levels. The ...
Berti Valentina V Center for Brain Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2011
Having a parent affected with late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) is a major risk factor for developing the disease among cognitively normal (NL) individuals. This magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study examines whether NL with a LOAD-affected parent show preclinical brain atrophy, and whether there are parent-of-origin effects. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) on ...
Dutton Daniel J - - 2011
The objective of our study was to examine sociodemographic and behavioral variables underlying the geographic variation of obesity in Canada. We aimed to quantify the share of regional variation in average BMI attributable to commonly cited determinants of obesity and the remaining share, which is attributable to the idiosyncrasies of ...
Taylor H Gerry - - 2011
The aims of this study were to examine abnormalities in brain structure in adolescents and young adults with very low birth weight (VLBW, <1,500 g) and associations of these abnormalities with neuropsychological outcomes. The sample of 108 participants from 14 to 19 years of age included 37 participants with <750 ...
Tate D F DF Center for Neurological Imaging, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2011
The brain reserve hypothesis has been posited as being one important mediating factor for developing dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease (AD). Evidence for this hypothesis is mixed though different methodologies have made these findings difficult to interpret. We examined imaging data from a large cohort (N=194) of mixed dementia patients and ...
Nowinski Wieslaw L - - 2010
PURPOSE: Although the brain has been extensively studied, relationships of gray (GM) to white (WM) matters in individual sections as typically acquired and read radiologically have not yet been examined. A novel GM/WM-based approach with a compact whole brain representation is introduced and applied to study the brain and perform ...
Schott Jonathan M JM Dementia Research Centre, University College London, Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom. - - 2010
To identify cognitively normal individuals at risk of Alzheimer disease (AD) based on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aβ1-42, and to determine rates of cerebral atrophy. Control subjects from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative with CSF and serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were dichotomized on CSF Aβ1-42 (normal control [NC]-high > 192 ...
Davis John K - - 2010
Insurers will want to use biomarkers of aging to decide whom to insure and how much to charge. If insurers are allowed to use biomarker information, then people whose biomarkers indicate shorter or more afflicted lives will find insurance harder to get and more expensive, while the longer-lived and less ...
Murua Hilario - - 2010
The aim of this chapter is to review the biology and fishery, including the management, of European hake in the north-east Atlantic. The European hake is widely distributed throughout the north-east Atlantic, from Norway in the north to the Guinea Gulf in the south, and throughout the Mediterranean and Black ...
Bayat Parvin Dokht - - 2010
Adaptive responses which occur under changing environment enable a species existence during long periods of time. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between body mass index (BMI and characteristic of brain in newborns. This study was undertaken on 1800 healthy live born singletons (822 males and 978 females) routinely ...
Richards Chris I CI School of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Petit Institute for Biosciences and Bioengineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0400, - - 2008
Single-stranded oligonucleotides stabilize highly fluorescent Ag nanoclusters, with emission colors tunable via DNA sequence. We utilized DNA microarrays to optimize these scaffold sequences for creating nearly spectrally pure Ag nanocluster fluorophores that are highly photostable and exhibit great buffer stability. Five different nanocluster emitters have been created with tunable emission ...
Lavrenčič A - - 2007
In vitro gas production kinetics of six different substrates, pectin (PEC), xylan (XYL), starch (STA), cellulose (CEL), commercial compound feed (FEED; 201 g crude protein per kg, 155 g crude fibre per kg, 334 g neutral-detergent fibre (NDF) per kg and 190 g acid-detergent fibre (ADF) per kg) and an NDF prepared from commercial ...
Ziegelmann Jochen P - - 2006
Young, middle-aged, and older adults in orthopaedic outpatient rehabilitation (N = 373) were randomly assigned to either an interviewer-assisted or a standard-care self-administered planning intervention. Physical activity planning consisted of specifying action plans to facilitate action initiation, and coping plans to overcome barriers. The interviewer-assisted condition led to more complete action plans ...
Peel D - - 2001
This paper is offered as an addition to the small existing body of research on the history of old age in Australia. It considers the experiences of a cohort of early settlers in a Victorian country district as they grew old in their community. It finds that while the experience ...
Gentner W - - 1970
The Australasian and Ivory Coast deep-sea microtektites have fission track ages of 0.71 and 1.09 million years, respectively. These ages are in good agreement with the ages of deposition of the microtektites determined from paleomagnetic data. Both the fission track ages and ages of deposition of the microtektites agree with ...
Lorenz, P. Christopher J.
Thesis (Master, Biology) -- Queen's University, 2009-01-29 12:15:32.137
Clemence T G - - 1967
Special censuses conducted by the Bureau of the Census at the request and expense of local governments provide current statistics for many large cities which are compared with corresponding data from the1960 Census. An analysis was made of the changes in the racial composition of the cities, and of the ...
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