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Valente-Dos-Santos J J Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal - - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to assess the developmental changes in change of direction and dribbling speed in youth soccer players taking into account skeletal age (SA), maturity status, body size, estimated fat mass, aerobic endurance, lower limb explosive strength and annual volume of training. Eighty-three male soccer ...
Ashford Susan S Susan Ashford is an associate professor at Clayton State University, Morrow, Ga. and Julie Williard is a nurse practitioner at the Center for Allergy and Asthma, Carrollton, - - 2014
: Disabling for nearly 27 million people, osteoarthritis is expected to double by the year 2030. Although age is a strong predictor of osteoarthritis, it is not an inevitable consequence of aging. Nurse practitioners, frequently the first healthcare providers to see patients with osteoarthritis, must be up-to-date on current treatment ...
Avalos J A JA Instituto Agroforestal Mediterráneo (IAM), Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022, Valencia, - - 2014
The red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae), native to tropical Asian regions, has become a serious threat to palm trees all over the world. Knowledge of its flight potential is vital to improving the preventive and curative measures currently used to manage this pest. As R. ferrugineus is ...
Zaslavsky Oleg O Faculty of Health Science and Social Welfare, University of Haifa, Haifa, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: The purpose of this study was to describe the longitudinal trajectories and bidirectional relationships of the physical-social and emotional functioning (EF) dimensions of positive aging and to identify their baseline characteristics. Methods: Women age 65 and older who enrolled in one or more Women's Health Initiative clinical trials ...
Ormsbee Michael J MJ Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, The Florida State University, 120 Convocation Way, Tallahassee, FL, 32306-1493, USA, - - 2014
Osteopenia/osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and obesity are commonly observed in the process of aging, and recent evidence suggests a potential interconnection of these syndromes with common pathophysiology. The term osteosarcopenic obesity has been coined to describe the concurrent appearance of obesity in individuals with low bone and muscle mass. Although our understanding ...
Newnham David - - 2014
If there is one consolation for people suffering the trials of age, I guess it is the knowledge that similar indignities lie in wait for the rest of us.
Henwood Benjamin F BF University of Southern California, School of Social Work, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
This study examined whether and how permanent supportive housing (PSH) programs are able to support aging in place among tenants with serious mental illness. Investigators used a mixed-method approach known as a convergent parallel design in which quantitative and qualitative data are analyzed separately and findings are merged during interpretation. ...
Fraser C I CI Biological Control and Spatial Ecology Laboratory, CP 160/12 Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, - - 2014
There is an evolutionary trade-off between the resources that a species invests in dispersal versus those invested in reproduction. For many insects, reproductive success in patchily-distributed species can be improved by sibling-mating. In many cases, such strategies correspond to sexual dimorphism, with males-whose reproductive activities can take place without dispersal-investing ...
Armstrong Lyle L Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, The International Centre for Life, Central Parkway, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 3BZ, United - - 2014
Although certainly one of the most recognizable characteristics of human biology, aging remains one of the least understood. This is largely attributable to the fact that aging is both gradual and inherently complex, with almost all aspects of physiology and phenotype undergoing steady modification with advancing age. The complexity of ...
Fabre Anne-Claire AC Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2014
Differences between the sexes may arise because of differences in reproductive strategy, with females investing more in traits related to reproductive output and males investing more in traits related to resource holding capacity and territory defence. Sexual dimorphism is widespread in lizards and in many species males and females also ...
Holtzer Roee R Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, 1165 Morris Park Avenue, Room 306, Bronx, NY 10461. - - 2014
The relationship between mobility and cognition in aging is well established, but the relationship between mobility and the structure and function of the aging brain is relatively unknown. This, in part, is attributed to the technological limitations of most neuroimaging procedures, which require the individual to be immobile or in ...
Inouye Sharon K - - 2014
Quantifying the severity of delirium is essential to advancing clinical care by improved understanding of delirium effect, prognosis, pathophysiology, and response to treatment. To develop and validate a new delirium severity measure (CAM-S) based on the Confusion Assessment Method. Validation analysis in 2 independent cohorts. Three academic medical centers. The ...
Vaillant George E GE Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the possible antecedents of both dementia and sustained intact cognition at age 90 years among men who underwent a prospective, multidisciplinary assessment from ages 19 to 90 years, with little attrition. We conducted a prospective 20-year reassessment of 196 (out of 268) former Harvard college sophomores who ...
Dubus Nicole M NM Wheelock College, 81 Friend Street, Amesbury, MA, 01913, USA, - - 2014
To deepen the understanding of the life course of refugees this study explores the question: when do Cambodian elders perceive the beginning of old age? In-depth interviews were conducted with 32 Cambodians, age range 53-82, who attended an elder day center in an urban setting in Massachusetts. Interviews were transcribed ...
Finn Christine C Friedrich-Schiller-University - - 2014
Engaging in a romantic relationship represents one important life experience in young adulthood that has been shown to catalyze age-related decrease in neuroticism (Neyer & Lehnart, 2007). The current research builds directly on this finding by investigating one process that underlies the partnership effect. We focused on the relationship-specific interpretation ...
Silventoinen Karri K Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Length and weight in infancy are associated with neurodevelopment, but less is known about growth in other anthropometric measures. In this study we analyzed how the development in length, weight, head circumference, and chest circumference over infancy is associated with motor development in early childhood, using a twin study design. ...
Zhang Hongmei - - 2014
Genetic effects on asthma of genes in the T-helper 2 (Th2) pathway may interact with epigenetic factors including DNA methylation. We hypothesized that interactions between genetic variants and methylation in genes in this pathway (IL4, IL4R, IL13, GATA3, and STAT6) influence asthma risk, that such influences are age-dependent, and that ...
Hon Kam Lun KL Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
Abstract Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a heterogeneous group of congenital blistering disease that usually presents in the neonatal period. They are characterized by blister formation in response to rubbing or frictional trauma. EB is classified into three major categories, each with many subtypes based on the precise location at which ...
Gao Weiyin W Xi'an Jiaotong University, Electronic Materials Research Laboratory, Key Laboratory of Education Ministry, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, P.R. China. - - 2014
In this paper, we reported a simple one-pot solvothermal approach to fabricate Ag/reduced graphene oxide (r-GO)/TiO2 composite photocatalyst under atmospheric pressure. Based on the experimental data, we concluded that the introduction of Ag into classical graphene-TiO2 system (i) efficiently enlarges the absorption range, (ii) improves photogenerated electron separation and (iii) ...
Freeman-Gallant C R CR Department of Biology, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY, - - 2014
Females often possess ornaments that appear smaller and duller than homologous traits in males. These ornaments may arise as nonfunctional by-products of sexual selection in males and cause negative viability or fecundity selection in females in proportion to the cost of their production and maintenance. Alternatively, female ornaments may function ...
T Lassen L Departments of Medical - - 2014
Context: Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN-1) is a rare, autosomal dominant inherited disorder. Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is the most frequent and usually the earliest expression of MEN-1, with typical age of onset at 20-25 years. Early detection of the disease and correct treatment are therefore of great importance. Case presentation: A ...
Tsai Jack - - 2014
As more women serve in the U.S. military, the proportion of females among homeless veterans is increasing. The current study compares the individual characteristics and 1-year outcomes of homeless female and male veterans in the Housing and Urban Development-Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program nationally. Administrative data on 43,853 veterans ...
Denckla Christy A CA a Gordon F. Derner Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, Adelphi - - 2014
Crying is a unique form of human emotional expression that is associated with both positive and negative evocative antecedents. This article investigates the psychometric properties of a newly developed Crying Proneness Scale by examining the factor structure, test-retest reliability, and theoretically hypothesized relationships with empathy, attachment, age, and gender. Based ...
Tripp Erin A EA University of Colorado, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Natural History, UCB 350, Boulder, Colorado 80309 - - 2014
More than a decade of phylogenetic research has yielded a well-sampled, strongly supported hypothesis of relationships within the large (> 4,000 species) plant family Acanthaceae. This hypothesis points to intriguing biogeographic patterns and asymmetries in sister clade diversity but, absent a time-calibrated estimate for this evolutionary history, these patterns have ...
Lehtonen Jussi J Centre of Excellence in Biological Interactions and Division of Evolution Ecology and Genetics, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Jussi Lehtonen and Hanna Kokko provide a quick guide on definitions of sex.
Schärer Lukas L Evolutionary Biology, Zoological Institute, University of Basel, Vesalgasse 1, CH-4051 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Simultaneous hermaphrodites are both male and female, which could lead to conflicts between partners over optimal investment to the two sex functions. New evidence from hermaphroditic freshwater snails suggests that transferred seminal fluids affect the partner's male function.
Ghassabian Akhgar A The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Temperament and psychopathology are intimately related; however, research on the prospective associations between positive emotionality, defined as a child's positive mood states and high engagement with the environment, and psychopathology is inconclusive. We examined the longitudinal relation between positive emotionality and internalizing problems in young children from the general population. ...
Costandi Shrif S Department of Pain Management, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) functionally impacts significant numbers of Americans per year. Current estimates place the number of Americans suffering from senescent lumbar spinal stenosis at 400,000. The prevalence of this disorder in patients ranging from 60 to 69 years of age is very high. Forty-seven percent of this age group ...
van Lieshout Emile E Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology (M092), University of Western Australia, Crawley. - - 2014
Phenotypic plasticity allows animals to maximise fitness by conditionally expressing the phenotype best adapted to their environment. While evidence for such adjustment in reproductive tactics is common, little is known about how phenotypic plasticity evolves in response to sexual selection. We examined the effect of sexual selection intensity on phenotypic ...
Bucksch Jens - - 2014
Studies in youth highlight that moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and screen-time behaviours such as television viewing and PC use are associated with a range of health outcomes. However, little is known about recent trends in these behaviours in adolescents. This paper presents time trends in German adolescents' television time, non-gaming ...
Kajiwara Ayami A Division of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Center for Clinical Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 5-1 Oe-honmachi, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, 862-0973, - - 2014
Adequate control of blood pressure in younger females is of crucial importance, because they are at higher risk of hypertensive target organ damage compared with males of similar age. In addition, female sex is a risk factor for adverse effects of antihypertensive drugs, especially dihydropyridines. This study set out to ...
Ashton J J JJ Paediatric Medical Unit, University Hospital Southampton, , Southampton, - - 2014
There has been a significant increase in the incidence of paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD) over the last 25 years although there is no recent data from England. We aimed to analyse changes in incidence within a defined English population over the last decade and compare this to recent and ...
Jonas Kai J KJ Department of Social Psychology and Cognitive Science Center, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Men having sex with men (MSM) commonly consume "bareback" pornography, which includes scenes of unprotected anal intercourse. Prior research on human imitative behavior suggests that these media might counteract efforts to promote safe-sex behaviors. To date, no studies have demonstrated a causal link between bareback pornography consumption and reduced safe-sex ...
Le Bourg Eric E Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition Animale, UMR CNRS 5169 Université Paul-Sabatier, 31062 Toulouse 9, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several authors have discussed the existence of late-life fecundity plateaus in Drosophila melanogaster. However, all these studies have pooled flies to show such plateaus. Here, we have reanalyzed previously published fecundity results to know whether these plateaus exist at the individual level. We found that these plateaus are observed in ...
Cox Shanna - - 2014
Background: Teens who give birth at age 15-17 years are at increased risk for adverse medical and social outcomes of teen pregnancy. Methods: To examine trends in the rate and proportion of births to teens aged 15-19 years that were to teens aged 15-17 years, CDC analyzed 1991-2012 National Vital ...
Guldberg-Møller Jørgen J Department of Respiratory Medicine, Roskilde Hospital, - - 2014
The potential benefits of physical activity on the development of respiratory symptoms are not well known. The present study investigated the longitudinal association between physical fitness and the development of asthma-like symptoms from childhood to adulthood in a longitudinal community based study. Participants were assessed at ages 9, 15, 20, ...
Zhou M M Shelford Vivarium, 606 E. Healey St., Champaign, IL 61820, - - 2014
Robust reproductive isolation was found between the rainbow darter Etheostoma caeruleum and the orangethroat darter Etheostoma spectabile, as more offspring were produced when conspecific males and females were crossed as compared with heterospecific crosses. Furthermore, fewer eggs resulted from heterospecific crosses involving sympatric E. spectabile females than those using allopatric ...
van Oudenhove Louise L Département de biologie and Centre d'études nordiques, 1045 avenue de la Médecine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada; Centre d'écologie fonctionnelle et évolutive, UMR 5175, CNRS, 1919 Route de Mende, 34293, Montpellier, Cedex 5, - - 2014
1. Understanding how climate change will affect animal population dynamics remains a major challenge, especially in long-distant migrants exposed to different climatic regimes throughout their annual cycle. 2. We evaluated the effect of temperature throughout the annual cycle on demographic parameters (age-specific survival and recruitment, breeding propensity, and fecundity) of ...
Vahed Karim K Department of Biological and Forensic Sciences, College of Life and Natural Sciences, University of Derby, Kedleston Rd., Derby, DE22 1GB, U.K.. - - 2014
The function of nuptial gifts has generated long standing debate. Nuptial gifts consumed during ejaculate transfer may allow males to transfer more ejaculate than is optimal for females. However, gifts may simultaneously represent male investment in offspring. Evolutionary loss of nuptial gifts can help elucidate pressures driving their evolution. In ...
Ohnuki Mari - - 2014
There is some research on taste disorder/hyposensitivity in special groups such as the elderly or patients presenting with specific taste problems, however few studies have been conducted among young populations. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of taste hyposensitivity and to investigate the relationship between taste ...
Langner Robert R Institute of Clinical Neuroscience and Medical Psychology, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Universitätsstr. 1, 40225, Düsseldorf, Germany, - - 2014
Healthy aging has been found associated with less efficient response conflict solution, but the cognitive and neural mechanisms have remained elusive. In a two-experiment study, we first examined the behavioural consequences of this putative age-related decline for conflicts induced by spatial stimulus-response incompatibility. We then used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging ...
Ferrandiz-Rovira Mariona - - 2014
In most species, males compete to gain both matings (via pre-copulatory competition) and fertilizations (via post-copulatory competition) to maximize their reproductive success. However, the quantity of resources devoted to sexual traits is finite, and so males are predicted to balance their investment between pre- and post-copulatory expenditure depending on the ...
Livingston Michael M Drug Policy Modelling Program, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Randwick, Vic., Australia; Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre, Fitzroy, Vic., - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests that there has been a sharp increase in non-drinking among Australian adolescents. This study aimed to explore the socio-demographic patterns of this increase to identify the potential causal factors. Two waves (2001 and 2010) of cross-sectional data from the National Drug Strategy Household Survey, a large-scale population ...
Djulbegovic Benjamin B Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Evidence-Based Medicine and Health Outcomes Research, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL (BD, TR, AK, ST, - - 2014
Patient outcomes critically depend on accuracy of physicians' judgment, yet little is known about individual differences in cognitive styles that underlie physicians' judgments. The objective of this study was to assess physicians' individual differences in cognitive styles relative to age, experience, and degree and type of training. Physicians at different ...
Kelland Lindsay L Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South - - 2014
This article attacks David Benatar's claim made in his 2012 book, The Second Sexism: Discrimination Against Men and Boys, that when an individual is the victim of violence it does not matter whether his or her perpetrator is of the same or a different sex. By exploring two related yet ...
Matthias J J Florida Department of Health, Tallahassee, FL, - - 2014
Emergency room and hospital discharge data have been used to describe the risk factors and public health impact of dog bites. These data sets are based on financial charges for severe bites and underestimates dog bite burdens within communities. This study expands both the source of information and risk factor ...
Jafari Mehraneh D MD Department of Surgery, University of California, Irvine School of Medicine, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE The incidence of colorectal cancer in elderly patients is likely to increase, but there is a lack of large nationwide data regarding the mortality and morbidity of colorectal cancer resections in the aging population. OBJECTIVE To examine the surgical trends and outcomes of colorectal cancer treatment in the elderly. ...
Vijg Jan J Department of Genetics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, N.Y., - - 2014
One of the main benefits of the dramatic technological progress over the last two centuries is the enormous increase in human life expectancy, which has now reached record highs. After conquering most childhood diseases and a fair fraction of the diseases that plague adulthood, medical technology is now mainly preoccupied ...
Gugliotta Gabriele G Institute of Hematology "L. e A. Seragnòli", Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, S.Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Via Massarenti 9, 40138, Bologna, Italy, - - 2014
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a disease of the hematopoietic stem cell characterized by a median age at diagnosis of 60-65 years according to most epidemiologic registries. Prior to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) era, older age was considered an adverse prognostic factor and was included in two of the most ...
Willemsen Ruben H RH Department of Paediatrics and Wellcome Trust-MRC Institute of Metabolic Science, Box 116, Level 8, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, - - 2014
The timing of puberty has considerable biological, psychosocial and long-term health implications. Secular trends in age at pubertal development, the effects of obesity and the potential effects of environmental endocrine disruptors challenge the standard definitions of precocious puberty and the indications for intervention with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) in girls ...
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