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Mowlabocus Sharif S a School of Media, Film, and Music , University of Sussex , Falmer , East Sussex , - - 2014
Since the late 1990s, the use of condoms within gay male pornography has been on the wane. Moving from a niche category into more mainstream forms of commercial pornography, unprotected anal sex has become a dominant theme within this sphere of gay male sexual representation. However, while the definition of ...
Harts Anna M F AM Division of Ecology, Evolution and Genetics, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200, Australia - - 2014
When female fecundity is relatively independent of male abundance, while male reproduction is proportional to female abundance, females have a larger effect on population dynamics than males (i.e. female demographic dominance). This population dynamic phenomenon might not appear to influence evolution, because male and female genomes still contribute equally much ...
Reina Jose J Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB-Barcelona), Baldiri Reixac 10, Barcelona 08028, - - 2014
A strong correlation between centrosome age and fate has been reported in some stem cells and progenitors that divide asymmetrically. In some cases, such stereotyped centrosome behaviour is essential to endow stemness to only one of the two daughters, whereas in other cases causality is still uncertain. Here, we present ...
Gao Wenran W State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Institute of Theoretical Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to prepare multifunctional polymer fibers. We report a simple and controllable method for in situ synthesis of Ag nanoclusters (NCs) in electrospun polymer fibers via a photochemical reaction. The prepared composite polymer fibers emit pink luminescence and the luminescence property can be optimized by ...
Merhi Z Z Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT, USA - - - 2014
Obesity affects ovarian function, one of the main regulators of female fertility. Tissue levels of the proinflammatory advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and their receptors (RAGE) are elevated in obesity. AGEs are key contributors to perturbations in the ovarian microenvironment. On this basis, the present review focuses on clinical and experimental ...
Spencer R-J RJ Wildlife and Water Ecology Group, Native and Pest Animal Unit, School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South, DC New South Wales 1797, Australia Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-1020, USA - - 2014
Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) is widespread in reptiles, yet its adaptive significance and mechanisms for its maintenance remain obscure and controversial. Comparative analyses identify an ancient origin of TSD in turtles, crocodiles and tuatara, suggesting that this trait should be advantageous in order to persist. Based on this assumption, researchers ...
König N N Institute for Biomechanics, ETH, Zürich, - - 2014
Falls remain a challenge for ageing societies. Strong evidence indicates that a previous fall is the strongest single screening indicator for a subsequent fall and the need for assessing fall risk without accounting for fall history is therefore imperative. Testing in three functional domains (using a total 92 measures) were ...
Koren Chaya C School of Social Work and The Center for the Study of Society,University of Haifa,Mt. - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: The human need for love, friendship, and physical contact, and the fear of loneliness do not diminish with age. Widowhood and late-life divorce and increased life expectancy are likely to lead to alternative relationships, such as re-partnering. The purpose of this paper is to explore interplays between emotional ...
Man Cha C Department of Neurology, Atkinson Morley's Wing, St George's Hospital, Blackshaw Road, London SW17 - - 2014
As Tourette syndrome (TS) is a childhood-onset disease with symptoms which are expected to decrease beyond adolescence, older adults who attend specialist clinics are less common. TS is associated with impaired social functioning and a lowered quality of life. The aim of this study is to investigate the psychosocial health ...
DuGoff Eva H EH *Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore MD †University of Southern Denmark, Max-Planck Odense Center, Denmark ‡Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine §Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, - - 2014
The number of people living with multiple chronic conditions is increasing, but we know little about the impact of multimorbidity on life expectancy. We analyze life expectancy in Medicare beneficiaries by number of chronic conditions. A retrospective cohort study using single-decrement period life tables. Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries (N=1,372,272) aged 67 ...
Landor Antoinette M AM Center for Developmental Science, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2014
Over the past two decades, virginity pledges have proliferated in the US, despite mixed results regarding their effectiveness. Few studies have examined possible mechanisms that may shed light on why pledges work for some individuals but not others. Using a sample of emerging-adults aged 18-24 years old (n = 1,380),we ...
Kuerbis Alexis A Department of Mental Health Services and Policy Research, Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene, Inc, Columbia University Medical Center, 3 Columbus Circle, Suite 1404, New York, NY 10019, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although the myth that older adults do not use mood-altering substances persists, evidence suggests that substance use among older adults has been underidentified for decades. The baby boom generation is unique in its exposure to, attitudes toward, and prevalence of substance use-causing projected rates of substance use to increase over ...
Vaillancourt Tracy T University of - - 2014
Developmental cascade models linking childhood physical and relational aggression with symptoms of depression and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; assessed at ages 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14) to borderline personality disorder (BPD) features (assessed at age 14) were examined in a community sample of 484 youth. Results indicated that, when controlling ...
Imataka G G Department of Pediatrics, Dokkyo Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2014
Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is rare epileptic encephalopathy in childhood, characterized by both acquired epileptic aphasia and abnormal epileptiform discharges in electroencephalogram (EEG). We herein report a serial EEG study in LKS. A 22-month old girl was referred to our hospital because of frequently partial seizures in her left upper limb. ...
Anderson Lorraine Ballard LB North Carolina A&T State University, School of Nursing, Greensboro, North Carolina, - - 2014
Little is known about how African American men with schizophrenia experience their every day existence. Through applying interpretive phenomenology and using a methodological structure designed by van Manen (1990, 1997), this research aimed to enrich the current understanding of what it is like for these African American males to live ...
Fosso Marina Y MY University of Kentucky, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, BioPharm Complex, Room 423, 789 South Limestone Street, Lexington, KY, 40536-0596, - - 2014
Despite their inherent toxicity and the acquired bacterial resistance that continuously threaten their long-term clinical use, aminoglycosides (AGs) still remain valuable components of the antibiotic armamentarium. Recent literature shows that the AGs' role has been further expanded as multi-tasking players in different areas of study. This review aims at presenting ...
Davies Sarah Bowen SB Kimberley Population Health Unit, Yamamoto House, 4/9 Napier Terrace, Broome WA 6725, PO Box 525, Broome WA - - 2014
Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and its sequelae, rheumatic heart disease (RHD) are now uncommon in the general Australian population. However, these preventable and treatable diseases continue to disproportionately affect Aboriginal Australians, especially in remote communities. In the Kimberley region of Western Australia (WA), the prevalence of RHD is approximately 1% ...
Kyriazis Marios M ELPIs Foundation for Indefinite Lifespans, London, United Kingdom ; - - 2014
The notion that it is possible to eradicate age-related degeneration and live a life with a negligible rate of senescence solely by utilising a physical 'repair-oriented' approach is flawed on a number of fronts. Here, I will argue that there are so many unknown variables embedded in this line of ...
Stone Millicent A MA Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, St Thomas' Hospital, King's College London, London, SE1 7EH, - - 2014
To determine the heritability of spine curve using plain radiographs and to identify risk factors for spine curvature including age, body mass index, smoking, bone mineral density (BMD), and lumbar disc degeneration (LDD). A classical twin study of 110 MZ and 136 DZ adult female twins. Demographic and clinical information obtained from ...
Gatenby Piers P Piers Gatenby, Christine Caygill, Christine Wall, Santanu Bhatacharjee, James Ramus, Anthony Watson, Marc Winslet, Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, UCL, London, NW32QG, United - - 2014
To investigate the lifetime risk of development of esophageal adenocarcinoma and/or high-grade dysplasia in patients diagnosed with Barrett's esophagus. Data were extracted from the United Kingdom National Barrett's Oesophagus Registry on date of diagnosis, patient age and gender of 7877 patients from who had been registered from 35 United Kingdom ...
Pesola Gene R GR Dept. of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia Univ., New York, N.Y.; Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, Dept. of Medicine, Harlem Hospital/Columbia Univ., New York, - - 2014
Dyspnea is a common and easily elicited presenting complaint in patients seen by physicians who evaluate and take care of chronic respiratory disorders. Although dyspnea is subjective and tends to increase with age or reduced lung function, it appears to be reproducible as a symptom and often signifies serious underlying ...
Martens R R a Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience , Maastricht University , 6200 MD Maastricht , The - - 2014
This study investigated psychometric properties (standardization and validity) of the Rey Complex Figure Organizational Strategy Score (RCF-OSS) in a sample of 217 healthy children aged 5-7 years. Our results showed that RCF-OSS performance changes significantly between 5 and 7 years of age. While most 5-year-olds used a local approach when ...
Davis Daniel Hj - - 2014
In the general population, the epidemiological relationships between delirium and adverse outcomes are not well defined. The aims of this study were to: (1) construct an algorithm for the diagnosis of delirium using the Geriatric Mental State (GMS) examination; (2) test the criterion validity of this algorithm against mortality and ...
Franke Andreas G AG *Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy and †Department of General, Viszeral and Transplant Surgery, University Medical Center Mainz ‡Department of Social Work and Education, University of Neubrandenburg, University of Applied Sciences, Neubrandenburg, - - 2014
To investigate the use of coffee, caffeinated drinks, and caffeine tablets for pharmacological cognitive enhancement (CE) among surgeons. Surgeons have demanding workloads, and the resulting fatigue and concentration deficits can lead to medical errors. Some surgeons use substances that promote wakefulness to counteract these effects. A total of 3306 surgeons ...
Nilsson D D Division of ENT diseases, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; Biomedicine, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, - - 2014
Three genome-wide meta-studies have recently reported associations with self-reported allergic rhinitis and allergic sensitization. The three studies together identified a set of 37 loci but showed low concordance. The present study investigates the reproducibility of the detected SNP associations in an extensively characterized longitudinal cohort, BAMSE. Phenotypic evaluation of allergic ...
Ricklefs Robert E RE Department of Biology, University of Missouri, St. Louis, MO 63121-4499; - - 2014
Recent analyses suggest that the number of species in a clade often increases rapidly at first, but that diversification subsequently slows, apparently as species fill ecological space. Support for diversity dependence comes largely from the failure of species richness to increase with clade age in some analyses of contemporary diversity. ...
Tate Robert B RB Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada - - 2014
The Manitoba Follow-up Study (MFUS) is Canada's longest running study of cardiovascular disease and ageing. The MFUS cohort consists of 3983 men recruited from the Royal Canadian Air Force at the end of World War II. At entry to the study, 1 July 1948, their mean age was 31 years, ...
Mehta Paul - - 2014
Abstract Problem/Condition: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive and fatal neuromuscular disease for which no cure has been identified. Although ALS has no known definitive cause, familial ALS (a hereditary form) occurs in 5%-10% of cases. Many hypotheses have been formulated about what ...
Latino Giuseppe A - - 2014
BackgroundHereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), a rare autosomal dominant disease, is considered under-diagnosed. Our primary objective was to provide evidence of under-diagnosis of HHT in a North American population. We hypothesized that variation would exist in the diagnosed prevalence (D-prevalence) across regions in the province of Ontario, Canada and across age ...
Schwagmeyer P L PL Department of Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, - - 2014
Intraspecific cooperation and interspecific mutualisms can be promoted by mechanisms that reduce the frequency with which cooperative organisms are exploited by unhelpful partners. One such mechanism consists of changing partners after interacting with an uncooperative individual. I used McNamara et al.'s (Nature, 451, 2008, 189) partner switching model as a framework ...
Hanania Joan W JW a Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology , Columbia University - Teachers College , New - - 2014
While previous research has demonstrated cross-national differences in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), most studies to date have taken place in North America. The present study investigated the prevalence and characteristics of NSSI in a sample of 952 Jordanian adolescents (49.8% female) between the ages of 11-19 years. Participants completed a screening ...
Hoy Wendy E WE Centre for Chronic Disease, School of Medicine, The University of Queensland,Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Australian Aborigines in remote areas have very high rates of kidney disease, which is marked by albuminuria. We describe a 'multihit' model of albuminuria in young adults in one remote Aboriginal community. Urinary albumin/creatinine ratios (ACRs) were measured in 655 subjects aged 15-39 years and evaluated in the context of ...
Meyer Gregory J GJ University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA - - 2014
We examined the association of gender, ethnicity, age, and education with 60 Rorschach scores using three clinical and nonclinical samples of adults and youths (ns = 640, 249, and 241). As anticipated for our data sets, there were no reliable associations for gender, ethnicity, or adult age. However, in adults ...
Hicks Catherine F CF From the *Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital-Weill Cornell Medical College; and †Department of Pediatrics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the perspectives of adolescents and young adults seen in the emergency department (ED) on the optimal age for transition from a pediatric ED (PED) to an adult ED (AED) as well as the appropriateness of their assigned ED site. Secondary aims were ...
Shaeer Osama O Department of Andrology, Kasr El Aini Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
The prevalence of male homosexuality is difficult to elicit considering the sensitivity of one's sexual orientation. The Global Online Sexuality Survey (GOSS) is an online epidemiologic study of male and female sexuality. The online nature of GOSS allows more confidentiality and wider geographic reach, particularly important in investigating sexual issues ...
Ciftci Zafer Z Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Faculty, Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag, - - 2014
The ageing population has various medical problems, ranging from relatively minor to truly severe. The ageing process includes physiological changes that can also aggravate sinonasal problems such as rhinorrhoea. As one of the most troublesome condition of this population, the causes of rhinorrhea can be classified as "age related, medication ...
Pincus Jennifer L JL Department of Pathology, The University of New Mexico School of Medicine, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, 87131; New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator, 1101 Camino de Salud NE, Albuquerque, NM, - - 2014
To better understand lightning deaths, a retrospective review of electronic records from New Mexico's Office of the Medical Investigator database was performed between 1977 and 2009 to update and assess current risk factors. Information on demographics, circumstances, autopsy, and death certificates were collected and analyzed. Fifty-four decedents were identified, ages ...
Reichert S S 1] Département Ecologie, Physiologie et Ethologie, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France [2] CNRS, UMR 7178, Strasbourg, - - 2014
Telomeres are emerging as a biomarker for ageing and survival, and are likely important in shaping life-history trade-offs. In particular, telomere length with which one starts in life has been linked to lifelong survival, suggesting that early telomere dynamics are somehow related to life-history trajectories. This result highlights the importance ...
Morales Fernando F 1] Cuidad Universitaria Rodrigo Facio, Instituto de Investigaciones en Salud (INISA), Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica [2] Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica [3] Centro de Investigaciones en Neurociencias, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa - - 2014
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is caused by the expansion of an unstable CTG repeat (g.17294_17296(45_1000)) with more repeats associated with increased disease severity and reduced age at onset. Expanded disease-associated alleles are highly unstable in both the germline and soma. Germline instability is expansion biased, providing a molecular explanation ...
Korda Rosemary J - - 2014
The burden of chronic disease continues to rise as populations age. There is relatively little published on the socioeconomic distribution of this burden in older people. This study quantifies absolute and relative income-related inequalities in prevalence of chronic diseases, severe physical functioning limitation and high psychological distress in mid-age and ...
Liu Yejing Y Division of Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, - - 2014
A major challenge in plasmonic hot spot fabrication is to efficiently increase the hot spot volumes on single metal nanoparticles to generate stronger signals in plasmon-enhanced applications. Here, the synthesis of designer nanoparticles, where plasmonic-active Au nanodots are selectively deposited onto the edge/tip hot spot regions of Ag nanoparticles, is ...
Mahoney Jeannette R JR Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive and Motor Aging, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, 1165 Morris Park Avenue, Room 325, Bronx, New York, 10461, - - 2014
The progression of mild parkinsonian signs in the absence of idiopathic Parkinson's disease in aging is unclear. This study aims to identify predictors of the evolution of mild parkinsonian signs in non-demented older adults. Two hundred ten participants (76.25 ± 7.10 years, 57 % women) were assessed at baseline and 1-year follow-up. Mild parkinsonian signs ...
Kahn Steven A SA From the *Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee; and †DC Firefighters Burn - - 2014
Between 1990 and 2012, 2775 firefighters were killed in the line of duty. Myocardial infarction (MI) was responsible for approximately 40% of these mortalities, followed by mechanical trauma, asphyxiation, and burns. Protective gear, safety awareness, medical care, and the age of the workforce have evolved since 1990, possibly affecting the ...
Luo Xin-Yuan XY Institute of Cardiovascular Disease and Key Lab for Arteriosclerology of Hunan Province, University of South China, Hengyang City, Hunan Province, - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide, with aging as the key independent risk factor. Effective interventions are necessary to delay aging. Sirtuin1 (SIRT1), a NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase, is closely related to lifespan extension. SIRT1 exerts beneficial effects on aging and age-related diseases, such as atherosclerosis. In ...
Delgado Ana A Andalusian School of Public Health, Granada, Spain - - 2014
Two components of professional success have been defined: objective career success (OCS) and subjective career success (SCS). Despite the increasing number of women practicing medicine, gender inequalities persist. The objectives of this descriptive, cross-sectional, and multicenter study were (a) to construct and validate OCS and SCS scales, (b) to determine ...
van der Cammen-van Zijp Monique H M MH Intensive Care and Department of Pediatric Surgery,Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy, - - 2014
To assess longitudinally children's motor performance 5 to 12 years after neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and to evaluate associations between clinical characteristics and motor performance.METHODS: Two hundred fifty-four neonatal ECMO survivors in the Netherlands were tested with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children at 5, 8, and/or 12 years. ...
Vassallo Suzanne S Australian Institute of Family Studies, Level 20/485 La Trobe Street, Melbourne, Vic. 3000 Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined the stability of risky driving behaviour from late adolescence to early adulthood among 823 young Australian drivers participating in an ongoing longitudinal study. This issue was explored by examining the stability of risky driving between the ages of 19-20 and 23-24 years (1) across the cohort and ...
Nikolas Molly A MA Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, E11 Seashore Hall, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA, - - 2014
Neuropsychological measures have been proposed as both a way to tap mechanisms and as endophenotypes for child ADHD. However, substantial evidence supporting heterogeneity in neuropsychological performance among youth with ADHD as well as apparent effect differences by sex, age, and comorbidity have slowed progress. To address this, it is important ...
Pelletier Laure L CNRS, UMR7178, 67037, Strasbourg, France, - - 2014
Competition for food resources can result in spatial and dietary segregation among individuals from the same species. Few studies have looked at such segregations with the combined effect of sex and age in species with short foraging ranges. In this study we examined the 3D spatial use of the environment ...
Saling Untied Amy A Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
Many college women believe that their chances of experiencing a sexual assault are less than their peers. This phenomenon, called optimistic bias, has been hypothesized to be one important element to address in sexual assault risk reduction and awareness programs aimed at reducing women's chances of experiencing a sexual assault. ...
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