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Gershman Susan N SN Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, 30 Marie-Curie Priv., Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1N 6N5 Department of Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology, The Ohio State University at Marion, 1465 Mount Vernon Avenue, Marion, OH 43302, USA - - 2014
Recent work on Drosophila cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) challenges a historical assumption that CHCs in flies are largely invariant. Here, we examine the effect of time of day and social environment on a suite of sexually selected CHCs in Drosophila serrata. We demonstrate that males become more attractive to females during ...
Mowlabocus Sharif S a School of Media, Film, and Music , University of Sussex , Falmer , East Sussex , - - 2014
Since the late 1990s, the use of condoms within gay male pornography has been on the wane. Moving from a niche category into more mainstream forms of commercial pornography, unprotected anal sex has become a dominant theme within this sphere of gay male sexual representation. However, while the definition of ...
Rank Mark R MR George Warren Brown School of Social Work Washington University St. Louis, Missouri 63130 markr@wustl.edu (314) - - 2014
A relatively new strategy for studying the prevalence of poverty in America is to analyze it as a potential life course event. We use such an approach in order to examine the likelihood of both income and asset poverty for individuals between the ages of 60 and 90. Nearly half ...
Harmell Alexandrea L AL SDSU/UCSD Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA, - - 2014
Population aging is an enormous public health issue and there is clear need for strategies to maximize opportunities for successful aging. Many psychiatric illnesses are increasingly thought to be associated with accelerated aging, therefore emerging data on individual and policy level interventions that alter typical aging trajectories are relevant to ...
Hirst Andrew G AG School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK Centre for Ocean Life, National Institute for Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Kavalergården 6, Charlottenlund 2920, Denmark - - 2014
Major theories compete to explain the macroevolutionary trends observed in sexual size dimorphism (SSD) in animals. Quantitative genetic theory suggests that the sex under historically stronger directional selection will exhibit greater interspecific variance in size, with covariation between allometric slopes (male to female size) and the strength of SSD across ...
Harts Anna M F AM Division of Ecology, Evolution and Genetics, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200, Australia - - 2014
When female fecundity is relatively independent of male abundance, while male reproduction is proportional to female abundance, females have a larger effect on population dynamics than males (i.e. female demographic dominance). This population dynamic phenomenon might not appear to influence evolution, because male and female genomes still contribute equally much ...
Reina Jose J Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB-Barcelona), Baldiri Reixac 10, Barcelona 08028, - - 2014
A strong correlation between centrosome age and fate has been reported in some stem cells and progenitors that divide asymmetrically. In some cases, such stereotyped centrosome behaviour is essential to endow stemness to only one of the two daughters, whereas in other cases causality is still uncertain. Here, we present ...
Gao Wenran W State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Institute of Theoretical Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to prepare multifunctional polymer fibers. We report a simple and controllable method for in situ synthesis of Ag nanoclusters (NCs) in electrospun polymer fibers via a photochemical reaction. The prepared composite polymer fibers emit pink luminescence and the luminescence property can be optimized by ...
Merhi Z Z Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, VT, USA - - - 2014
Obesity affects ovarian function, one of the main regulators of female fertility. Tissue levels of the proinflammatory advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and their receptors (RAGE) are elevated in obesity. AGEs are key contributors to perturbations in the ovarian microenvironment. On this basis, the present review focuses on clinical and experimental ...
Gupta Arpita A Department of Biotechnology, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati 444 602, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Lawsonia inermis mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) and its efficacy against Candida albicans, Microsporum canis, Propioniabacterium acne and Trichophyton mentagrophytes is reported. A two-step mechanism has been proposed for bioreduction and formation of an intermediate complex leading to the synthesis of capped nanoparticles was developed. In addition, antimicrobial gel ...
Fields Sherecce A SA Department of Psychology, Health Behavior Research Group, Texas A&M University, Texas, - - 2014
The objective of the present meta-analytic review was two-fold: (a) to address the mixed findings of previous research by determining the relationship between stress and impulsivity; and (b) to examine age differences in this relationship. A total of 16 articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria for the present meta-analysis for a ...
Magnan Bruno B Orthopaedic Department, University of Verona (Italy), Surgical Center "P. Confortini", Piazzale A. Stefani 1, 37126 Verona, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Achilles tendinopathy is a degenerative, not an inflammatory, condition. It is prevalent in athletes involved in running sports. A systematic literature review on Achilles tendon tendinopathy has been performed according to the intrinsic (age, sex, body weight, tendon temperature, systemic diseases, muscle strength, flexibility, previous injuries and anatomical variants, genetic ...
Stucky Brian D BD RAND Health, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA; - - 2014
Negative psychosocial expectancies of smoking include aspects of social disapproval and disappointment in oneself. This paper describes analyses conducted to develop and evaluate item banks for assessing psychosocial expectancies among daily and nondaily smokers. Using data from a sample of daily (N = 4,201) and nondaily (N =1,183) smokers, we ...
Shadel William G WG RAND Health, RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, PA; - - 2014
Nicotine dependence is a core construct important for understanding cigarette smoking and smoking cessation behavior. This article describes analyses conducted to develop and evaluate item banks for assessing nicotine dependence among daily and nondaily smokers. Using data from a sample of daily (N = 4,201) and nondaily (N =1,183) smokers, ...
Sung Jihyun J Department of Child Psychology and Education, Sungkyunkwan University, 25-2 Sungkyunkwan-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, South - - 2014
Focusing on social pragmatics, this longitudinal study investigated the contribution of mother-toddler collaborative communication to theory of mind (ToM) development at age 4. At age 2½, 78 toddlers' (42 boys) and their mothers were observed during pretend play. At age 4, children were tested using 4 false belief understanding tasks. ...
Xavier André J AJ Health Academic Unit, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil. - - 2014
Cognitive decline is a major risk factor for disability, dementia, and death. The use of Internet/E-mail, also known as digital literacy, might decrease dementia incidence among the older population. The aim was to investigate whether digital literacy might be associated with decreased cognitive decline in older adulthood. Data from the ...
Spencer R-J RJ Wildlife and Water Ecology Group, Native and Pest Animal Unit, School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South, DC New South Wales 1797, Australia Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-1020, USA - - 2014
Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) is widespread in reptiles, yet its adaptive significance and mechanisms for its maintenance remain obscure and controversial. Comparative analyses identify an ancient origin of TSD in turtles, crocodiles and tuatara, suggesting that this trait should be advantageous in order to persist. Based on this assumption, researchers ...
Thorpe Anna M AM Department of Psychological Medicine,University of Otago Christchurch,Christchurch,New - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Health is an important aspect of individuals' lives as they age. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of sociodemographic factors, diagnosed chronic health conditions, and current depression with attitudes to aging in midlife. Methods: A cross-sectional baseline analysis was conducted on the first 300 ...
Hettyey Attila A Konrad Lorenz Institute of Ethology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
Experimental evidence suggests that reproductive interference between heterospecifics can seriously affect individual fitness; support from field studies for such an effect has, however, remained scarce. We studied reproductive interference in 25 natural breeding ponds in an area where two ranid frogs, Rana dalmatina and Rana temporaria, co-occur. The breeding seasons ...
Cheng Ren-Chung RC Institute of Biology, Scientific Research Centre, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Ljubljana, Slovenia. - - 2014
Sexual dimorphism describes substantial differences between male and female phenotypes. In spiders, sexual dimorphism research almost exclusively focuses on size, and recent studies have recovered steady evolutionary size increases in females, and independent evolutionary size changes in males. Their discordance is due to negative allometric size patterns caused by different ...
Ridenour Ty A - - 2014
Among drug classes, substance use disorder (SUD) consequent to using inhalants (SUD-I) has perhaps the smallest evidence base. This study compared DSM-IV versus DSM-5 nomenclatures, testing whether 4 traditional categories of inhalants (aerosols, gases, nitrites, solvents) are manifestations of a single pathology, obtaining item parameters of SUD-I criteria, and presenting ...
Tarescavage Anthony M - - 2014
We compared Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scores of 25 individuals convicted of felonies who violated probation within 1 year of sentencing with those of 45 similarly sentenced defendants who completed probation successfully. The sample (51 males, 19 females) ranged in age from 18 to 81 years (M = ...
Ailshire Jennifer A JA Davis School of Gerontology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles. - - 2014
Little is known about the health and functioning of individuals who become centenarians in the years prior to reaching age 100. We examined long-term trajectories of disease, disability, and cognitive function in a sample of U.S. centenarians to determine how their aging experience differs from their nonsurviving cohort counterparts, and ...
Iakoubov Leonid L Cellecta Inc., Mountain View, Calif., - - 2014
Background: New therapeutic targets are needed to fight aging-related diseases and increase life span. A new female-specific association with diseases and limited survival past 80 years was recently reported for a copy number variation (CNV) in the CNTNAP4 gene from the neurexin superfamily. Objective: We asked whether there are CNVs ...
Balistreri Carmela R CR Department of Pathobiology and Medical and Forensic Biotechnologies, University of Palermo, Corso Tukory 211, 90134, Palermo, Italy, - - 2014
A large variability in occurrence, complications, and age/gender manifestations characterizes individual susceptibility of sporadic thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA), even in subjects with the same risk factor profiles. The reasons are poorly understood. On the other hand, TAA pathophysiology mechanisms remain unclear than those involved in abdominal aorta aneurysms. However, recent ...
de Magalhães Joao Pedro JP University of Liverpool, IntegrativInstitute of Integrative Biology , ca , Liverpool, United Kingdom , ca ; - - 2014
People have always sought eternal life and everlasting youth. Recent technological breakthroughs and our growing understanding of aging have given strength to the idea that a cure for human aging can eventually be developed. As such, it is crucial to debate the long-term goals and potential impact of the field. ...
Brisswalter Jeanick J Laboratory of Human Motricity, Education Sport and Health, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, 261, Route de Grenoble, BP 3259, 06205, Nice Cedex 03, France, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of age on cycling efficiency and sprint power output in well-trained endurance masters athletes. The investigation was conducted on 60 healthy well-trained triathletes separated into six separate groups (n = 10) depending on age: 20-29 years old; 30-39 years old; 40-49 years old; 50-59 years old; ...
Cloostermans Laura L National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, The - - 2014
To systematically summarise the literature on the effects of interventions for ageing workers that address work-related measures of sustainable employability, i.e. (early) retirement, work ability and work productivity. A systematic review was performed by searching five electronic databases for relevant studies published between January 1992 and February 2014. Randomised controlled ...
Gloria-Bottini Fulvia F Fulvia Gloria-Bottini, Patrizia Saccucci, Luca Coppeta, Anna Neri, Andrea Magrini, Bottini Egidio, Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, School of Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, - - 2014
To investigate the role of protein tyrosin phosphatase 22 (PTPN22), maternal age at conception and sex on susceptibility and age at onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Continental Italy and Sardinian populations. Three hundred seventy six subjects admitted consecutively to the hospital for T1D and 1032 healthy subjects as ...
Goldsworthy Michelle E ME Genetics of Type 2 Diabetes and Disease Model and Discovery Groups, MRC Harwell Mammalian Genetics Unit, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Oxfordshire, OX11 0RD, - - 2014
Ageing can be characterised by a general decline in cellular function, which affects whole-body homoeostasis with metabolic dysfunction-a common hallmark of ageing. The identification and characterisation of the genetic pathways involved are paramount to the understanding of how we age and the development of therapeutic strategies for combating age-related disease. ...
Garcia Maxime M Department of Cognitive Biology, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, 1090, Vienna, - - 2014
Red deer stags (Cervus elaphus) give two distinct types of roars during the breeding season, the "common roar" and the "harsh roar." Harsh roars are more frequent during contexts of intense competition, and characterized by a set of features that increase their perceptual salience, suggesting that they signal heightened arousal. ...
Mathai Stephen C - - 2014
Background:Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease with high morbidity and mortality. Current therapies improve symptoms, functional capacity, and in select cases, survival. Little is known about patient factors that may predict the likelihood of patient-important, clinically relevant responses to therapy such as the six minute walk distance (6MWD) ...
Menni Cristina C Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, King's College - - 2014
To elucidate the proteomic features of aging in plasma, the subproteome targeted by the SOMAscan assay was profiled in blood samples from 202 females from the TwinsUK cohort. Findings were replicated in 677 independent individuals from the AddNeuroMed, Alzheimer's Research UK, and Dementia Case Registry cohorts. Results were further validated ...
Destache Christopher J CJ Department of Pharmacy Practice, Creighton University Schools of Pharmacy & Health Professions and Medicine, Omaha, NE, USA - - 2014
The use of aminoglycoside (AG) antibiotics has declined over the past 15 years primarily due to comparable potency of other antimicrobials and the nephrotoxicity potential of AG drugs. However, resurgence in the use of AG antimicrobials is occurring due to multidrug-resistant gram-negative nosocomial infections. Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter isolates as ...
Saajanaho Milla M Gerontology Research Center, Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. - - 2014
Several theoretical viewpoints suggest that older adults need to modify their personal goals in the face of functional decline. The aim of this study was to investigate longitudinally the association of mobility limitation with changes in personal goals among older women. Eight-year follow-up of 205 women aged 66-78 years at ...
Fronius Maria M Department of Ophthalmology, Child Vision Research Unit, Goethe University Hospital, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7,, D-60590 Frankfurt/Main, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The notion of a limited, early period of plasticity of the visual system has been challenged by more recent research demonstrating functional enhancement even into adulthood. In amblyopia ("lazy eye") it is still unclear to what extent the reduced effect of treatment after early childhood is due to declining plasticity ...
Haider Syed Imran SI Health Intelligence Unit, Victorian Government Department of Health, 50 Lonsdale Street, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although polypharmacy is a medication safety concern leading to increased risk of non-adherence, adverse drug reaction and drug-drug interactions, polypharmacy and associated risk factors has rarely been investigated involving people with ID at a population level. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the prevalence of polypharmacy and to ...
Hustyi Kristin M KM Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA 94305, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Community (ABC-C; Aman et al., 1995) has been increasingly adopted as a primary tool for measuring behavioral change in clinical trials for individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS). To our knowledge, however, no study has documented the longitudinal trajectory of aberrant behaviors in individuals with FXS using ...
Whyatt David D *School of Primary, Aboriginal, and Rural Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences †School of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Mathematics ‡School of Population Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA §Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Haymarket, NSW, - - 2014
To examine the relationship between age and all-cause hospital utilization in the years preceding and following a diagnosis in hospital of heart failure, type 2 diabetes, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A cohort study of all patients in Western Australia who have had a principal diagnosis of heart failure, ...
Deenen Johanna C W JC From the Department of Neurology (J.C.W.D., H.A., G.W.P., B.G.M.v.E.) and Department for Health Evidence (A.L.M.V.), Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Department of Human Genetics (S.M.v.d.M.), Department of Neurology (J.J.G.M.V.), and Department of Clinical Genetics (E.B.), Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; and VU University Medical Center (S.S.W.), Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2014
To determine the incidence and prevalence of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) in the Netherlands. Using 3-source capture-recapture methodology, we estimated the total yearly number of newly found symptomatic individuals with FSHD, including those not registered in any of the 3 sources. To this end, symptomatic individuals with FSHD were available ...
Tillett William W Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Department of Mathematics, University of Bath, Bath, Department of Rheumatology, Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Hospital, Shropshire, Department of Rheumatology, Royal Hampshire County Hospital, Winchester, Department of Rheumatology, North Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, Department of Rheumatology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, NIHR Leeds Biomedical Research Unit, University of Leeds and Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, Department of Rheumatology, Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, Department of Rheumatology, Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust, Ipswich, Haywood Rheumatology Centre, Stoke-on-Trent, Department of Rheumatology, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, Department of Rheumatology, Great Western Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Swindon and University of Bath, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Bath, UK. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which structural damage, clinical disease activity, demographic and social factors are associated with work disability (WD) in PsA. Four hundred patients fulfilling CASPAR (Classification Criteria for Psoriatic Arthritis) criteria for PsA were recruited from 23 hospitals across the UK. ...
de Carvalho Tiago M TM Department of Public Health, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
While the benefit of prostate specific antigen (PSA) based screening is uncertain, a significant proportion of screen-detected cases is overdiagnosed. In order to make screening worthwhile, it is necessary to find policies that minimize overdiagnosis, without significantly increasing prostate cancer mortality (PCM). Using a microsimulation model (MISCAN) we project the ...
Hewitt Jonathan J Cardiff University. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rates of all surgical procedures are increasing at a faster rate than the population is ageing. However, this encouraging statistic, necessitates a robust evidence base. The epidemiological evidence base in acute general surgery in the older person is sparse. This is the first assessment of the prevalence of cognitive impairment ...
Hui Christy L-M CL Department of Psychiatry, Queen Mary Hospital, University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
Gender-specific treatment strategies for psychosis have been suggested in recent years. Data on gender difference were largely consistent regarding premorbid functioning, age of onset and negative symptoms; however, results regarding neurocognitive function and duration of untreated psychosis were mixed and inconclusive. In this study, we aimed at a thorough examination ...
Schopf Christian C Institute of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bünteweg 17, 30559, Hannover, Germany, - - 2014
In order to examine auditory thresholds and hearing sensitivity during aging in the gray mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus), suggested to represent a model for early primate evolution and Alzheimer research, we applied brainstem-evoked response audiometry (BERA), traditionally used for screening hearing sensitivity in human babies. To assess the effect of ...
Mookiah Muthu Rama Krishnan MR Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Clementi, 599489, Singapore, - - 2014
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affects the central vision and subsequently may lead to visual loss in people over 60 years of age. There is no permanent cure for AMD, but early detection and successive treatment may improve the visual acuity. AMD is mainly classified into dry and wet type; however, dry ...
Smith Megan A MA Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney Prince of Wales Clinical - - 2014
 Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination targeting females aged 12-13 years commenced in Australia in 2007, with catch-up vaccination of females aged 13-26 years continuing to 2009. Whole-population analyses, including effects on the Indigenous population, have not previously been reported.  All hospital admissions between 1999-2011 involving a diagnosis of genital warts were ...
Clemson Lindy L The University of Sydney, Australia ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research, Sydney & Canberra, Australia - - 2014
The objective of the study is to identify the intrinsic, psychosocial and lifestyle factors, which, over time, predict the incidence of having a fall requiring medical attention (injurious fall) or of acquiring a fear of falling (FOF). Data from 1,000 participants in the Melbourne Longitudinal Studies on Healthy Ageing (MELSHA, ...
Ye Tai - - 2014
A simple method for preparing DNA-stabilized Ag nanoclusters (NCs) nanowires is presented. To fabricate the Ag NCs nanowires, we use just two unmodified component strands and a long enzymatically produced scaffold. These nanowires form at room temperature and have periodic sequence units that are available for fluorescence Ag NCs assembled ...
de Souza L M LM Institute of Geosciences, University of Brasília, Brasília, - - 2014
Titanosauriformes is a conspicuous and diverse group of sauropod dinosaurs that inhabited almost all land masses during Cretaceous times. Besides the diversity of forms, the clade comprises one of the largest land animals found so far, Argentinosaurus, as well as some of the smallest sauropods known to date, Europasaurus and ...
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