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Harts Anna M F AM Division of Ecology, Evolution and Genetics, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200, Australia - - 2014
When female fecundity is relatively independent of male abundance, while male reproduction is proportional to female abundance, females have a larger effect on population dynamics than males (i.e. female demographic dominance). This population dynamic phenomenon might not appear to influence evolution, because male and female genomes still contribute equally much ...
Reina Jose J Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB-Barcelona), Baldiri Reixac 10, Barcelona 08028, - - 2014
A strong correlation between centrosome age and fate has been reported in some stem cells and progenitors that divide asymmetrically. In some cases, such stereotyped centrosome behaviour is essential to endow stemness to only one of the two daughters, whereas in other cases causality is still uncertain. Here, we present ...
Spencer R-J RJ Wildlife and Water Ecology Group, Native and Pest Animal Unit, School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South, DC New South Wales 1797, Australia Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-1020, USA - - 2014
Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) is widespread in reptiles, yet its adaptive significance and mechanisms for its maintenance remain obscure and controversial. Comparative analyses identify an ancient origin of TSD in turtles, crocodiles and tuatara, suggesting that this trait should be advantageous in order to persist. Based on this assumption, researchers ...
König N N Institute for Biomechanics, ETH, Zürich, - - 2014
Falls remain a challenge for ageing societies. Strong evidence indicates that a previous fall is the strongest single screening indicator for a subsequent fall and the need for assessing fall risk without accounting for fall history is therefore imperative. Testing in three functional domains (using a total 92 measures) were ...
Koren Chaya C School of Social Work and The Center for the Study of Society,University of Haifa,Mt. - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: The human need for love, friendship, and physical contact, and the fear of loneliness do not diminish with age. Widowhood and late-life divorce and increased life expectancy are likely to lead to alternative relationships, such as re-partnering. The purpose of this paper is to explore interplays between emotional ...
Man Cha C Department of Neurology, Atkinson Morley's Wing, St George's Hospital, Blackshaw Road, London SW17 - - 2014
As Tourette syndrome (TS) is a childhood-onset disease with symptoms which are expected to decrease beyond adolescence, older adults who attend specialist clinics are less common. TS is associated with impaired social functioning and a lowered quality of life. The aim of this study is to investigate the psychosocial health ...
DuGoff Eva H EH *Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore MD †University of Southern Denmark, Max-Planck Odense Center, Denmark ‡Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine §Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, - - 2014
The number of people living with multiple chronic conditions is increasing, but we know little about the impact of multimorbidity on life expectancy. We analyze life expectancy in Medicare beneficiaries by number of chronic conditions. A retrospective cohort study using single-decrement period life tables. Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries (N=1,372,272) aged 67 ...
Landor Antoinette M AM Center for Developmental Science, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2014
Over the past two decades, virginity pledges have proliferated in the US, despite mixed results regarding their effectiveness. Few studies have examined possible mechanisms that may shed light on why pledges work for some individuals but not others. Using a sample of emerging-adults aged 18-24 years old (n = 1,380),we ...
Kuerbis Alexis A Department of Mental Health Services and Policy Research, Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene, Inc, Columbia University Medical Center, 3 Columbus Circle, Suite 1404, New York, NY 10019, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although the myth that older adults do not use mood-altering substances persists, evidence suggests that substance use among older adults has been underidentified for decades. The baby boom generation is unique in its exposure to, attitudes toward, and prevalence of substance use-causing projected rates of substance use to increase over ...
Vaillancourt Tracy T University of - - 2014
Developmental cascade models linking childhood physical and relational aggression with symptoms of depression and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; assessed at ages 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14) to borderline personality disorder (BPD) features (assessed at age 14) were examined in a community sample of 484 youth. Results indicated that, when controlling ...
Mehta Paul - - 2014
Abstract Problem/Condition: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive and fatal neuromuscular disease for which no cure has been identified. Although ALS has no known definitive cause, familial ALS (a hereditary form) occurs in 5%-10% of cases. Many hypotheses have been formulated about what ...
Schwagmeyer P L PL Department of Biology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, - - 2014
Intraspecific cooperation and interspecific mutualisms can be promoted by mechanisms that reduce the frequency with which cooperative organisms are exploited by unhelpful partners. One such mechanism consists of changing partners after interacting with an uncooperative individual. I used McNamara et al.'s (Nature, 451, 2008, 189) partner switching model as a framework ...
Hanania Joan W JW a Department of Counseling and Clinical Psychology , Columbia University - Teachers College , New - - 2014
While previous research has demonstrated cross-national differences in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), most studies to date have taken place in North America. The present study investigated the prevalence and characteristics of NSSI in a sample of 952 Jordanian adolescents (49.8% female) between the ages of 11-19 years. Participants completed a screening ...
Ciftci Zafer Z Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Faculty, Namik Kemal University, Tekirdag, - - 2014
The ageing population has various medical problems, ranging from relatively minor to truly severe. The ageing process includes physiological changes that can also aggravate sinonasal problems such as rhinorrhoea. As one of the most troublesome condition of this population, the causes of rhinorrhea can be classified as "age related, medication ...
Pincus Jennifer L JL Department of Pathology, The University of New Mexico School of Medicine, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, 87131; New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator, 1101 Camino de Salud NE, Albuquerque, NM, - - 2014
To better understand lightning deaths, a retrospective review of electronic records from New Mexico's Office of the Medical Investigator database was performed between 1977 and 2009 to update and assess current risk factors. Information on demographics, circumstances, autopsy, and death certificates were collected and analyzed. Fifty-four decedents were identified, ages ...
Reichert S S 1] Département Ecologie, Physiologie et Ethologie, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Université de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France [2] CNRS, UMR 7178, Strasbourg, - - 2014
Telomeres are emerging as a biomarker for ageing and survival, and are likely important in shaping life-history trade-offs. In particular, telomere length with which one starts in life has been linked to lifelong survival, suggesting that early telomere dynamics are somehow related to life-history trajectories. This result highlights the importance ...
Morales Fernando F 1] Cuidad Universitaria Rodrigo Facio, Instituto de Investigaciones en Salud (INISA), Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica [2] Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica [3] Centro de Investigaciones en Neurociencias, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa - - 2014
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is caused by the expansion of an unstable CTG repeat (g.17294_17296(45_1000)) with more repeats associated with increased disease severity and reduced age at onset. Expanded disease-associated alleles are highly unstable in both the germline and soma. Germline instability is expansion biased, providing a molecular explanation ...
Korda Rosemary J - - 2014
The burden of chronic disease continues to rise as populations age. There is relatively little published on the socioeconomic distribution of this burden in older people. This study quantifies absolute and relative income-related inequalities in prevalence of chronic diseases, severe physical functioning limitation and high psychological distress in mid-age and ...
Liu Yejing Y Division of Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, - - 2014
A major challenge in plasmonic hot spot fabrication is to efficiently increase the hot spot volumes on single metal nanoparticles to generate stronger signals in plasmon-enhanced applications. Here, the synthesis of designer nanoparticles, where plasmonic-active Au nanodots are selectively deposited onto the edge/tip hot spot regions of Ag nanoparticles, is ...
Mahoney Jeannette R JR Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive and Motor Aging, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, 1165 Morris Park Avenue, Room 325, Bronx, New York, 10461, - - 2014
The progression of mild parkinsonian signs in the absence of idiopathic Parkinson's disease in aging is unclear. This study aims to identify predictors of the evolution of mild parkinsonian signs in non-demented older adults. Two hundred ten participants (76.25 ± 7.10 years, 57 % women) were assessed at baseline and 1-year follow-up. Mild parkinsonian signs ...
Kahn Steven A SA From the *Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee; and †DC Firefighters Burn - - 2014
Between 1990 and 2012, 2775 firefighters were killed in the line of duty. Myocardial infarction (MI) was responsible for approximately 40% of these mortalities, followed by mechanical trauma, asphyxiation, and burns. Protective gear, safety awareness, medical care, and the age of the workforce have evolved since 1990, possibly affecting the ...
Delgado Ana A Andalusian School of Public Health, Granada, Spain - - 2014
Two components of professional success have been defined: objective career success (OCS) and subjective career success (SCS). Despite the increasing number of women practicing medicine, gender inequalities persist. The objectives of this descriptive, cross-sectional, and multicenter study were (a) to construct and validate OCS and SCS scales, (b) to determine ...
van der Cammen-van Zijp Monique H M MH Intensive Care and Department of Pediatric Surgery,Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy, - - 2014
To assess longitudinally children's motor performance 5 to 12 years after neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and to evaluate associations between clinical characteristics and motor performance.METHODS: Two hundred fifty-four neonatal ECMO survivors in the Netherlands were tested with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children at 5, 8, and/or 12 years. ...
Vassallo Suzanne S Australian Institute of Family Studies, Level 20/485 La Trobe Street, Melbourne, Vic. 3000 Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined the stability of risky driving behaviour from late adolescence to early adulthood among 823 young Australian drivers participating in an ongoing longitudinal study. This issue was explored by examining the stability of risky driving between the ages of 19-20 and 23-24 years (1) across the cohort and ...
Nikolas Molly A MA Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, E11 Seashore Hall, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA, - - 2014
Neuropsychological measures have been proposed as both a way to tap mechanisms and as endophenotypes for child ADHD. However, substantial evidence supporting heterogeneity in neuropsychological performance among youth with ADHD as well as apparent effect differences by sex, age, and comorbidity have slowed progress. To address this, it is important ...
Pelletier Laure L CNRS, UMR7178, 67037, Strasbourg, France, - - 2014
Competition for food resources can result in spatial and dietary segregation among individuals from the same species. Few studies have looked at such segregations with the combined effect of sex and age in species with short foraging ranges. In this study we examined the 3D spatial use of the environment ...
Saling Untied Amy A Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
Many college women believe that their chances of experiencing a sexual assault are less than their peers. This phenomenon, called optimistic bias, has been hypothesized to be one important element to address in sexual assault risk reduction and awareness programs aimed at reducing women's chances of experiencing a sexual assault. ...
Taga Arens A Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Parma, via Gramsci 14, 43100, Parma, Italy, - - 2014
In the present paper, we focus on the age of onset for tension-type headache in a population-based sample in the Parma, distinguishing its different subtypes and considering definite and probable diagnoses. Age of headache onset is a useful clinical feature for differential diagnosis between primary headaches and between primary and ...
Montefinese Maria M Laboratory of Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, University G. d'Annunzio, Via dei Vestini 31, 66100, Chieti, Italy, - - 2014
Remembering object positions across different views is a fundamental competence for acting and moving appropriately in a large-scale space. Behavioural and neurological changes in elderly subjects suggest that the spatial representations of the environment might decline compared to young participants. However, no data are available on the use of different ...
Peters Sabine S Department of Developmental Psychology, Leiden University, The Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Learning from feedback is an important aspect of executive functioning that shows profound improvements during childhood and adolescence. This is accompanied by neural changes in the feedback-learning network, which includes pre-supplementary motor area (pre- SMA)/anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), superior parietal cortex (SPC), and the basal ganglia. ...
Davison Raziel R Department of Biology, Gilbert Hall, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305 USA; Max Planck Research Group Modeling the Evolution of Aging, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Konrad-Zuse Str. 1, 18057 Rostock, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigate the effects of optimal time and resource allocation on age patterns of fertility and mortality for a model organism with (1) fixed maximum lifespan, (2) distinct juvenile and adult diets, and (3) reliance on nonrenewable resources for reproduction. We ask when it is optimal to tolerate starvation vs. ...
Hong Eun-Kyoung EK Human Engineering Research Laboratories, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh , PA , USA - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: The goal of this study was thus to determine if people with different types of wheelchair backrests on their personal wheelchairs reported different levels of comfort as measured by the Tool for Assessing Wheelchair disComfort (TAWC). Methods: Participants were between 18 and 80 years of age and were ...
Liu Liangyun L Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China, - - 2014
China maintains the largest artificial forest area in the world. Studying the dynamic variation of forest biomass and carbon stock is important to the sustainable use of forest resources and understanding of the artificial forest carbon budget in China. In this study, we investigated the potential of Landsat time series ...
Sharma Manish M Department of Medical Oncology, Kimmel Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (AHCT) for plasma cell myeloma (PCM) is performed less often in >70 year olds. We analyzed 11,430 AHCT recipients for PCM prospectively reported to the CIBMTR between 2008 and 2011 representing the majority of US AHCT activity during this period. Survival (OS) was compared in 3 ...
Liviya Ng Winda W From the Obesity and Population Health Unit, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute and Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences, Monash University, Victoria, - - 2014
To estimate the prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and its associated factors in a mixed population of employed Australian workers. Study participants (n = 707) were volunteers from various Melbourne workplaces, participating in a workplace physical activity program in 2008. Daytime sleepiness was assessed using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale ...
Yang Grace S GS University, of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Previous research has shown that violent video games can increase aggression in players immediately after they play. The present research examines the effects of one subtle cue within violent video games that might moderate these effects-whether the avatar is male or female. One common stereotype is that males are more ...
Heide Kathleen M KM Department of Sociology, Anthropology, & Criminology, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, - - 2014
Most studies on juvenile homicide offenders (JHOs) have used small samples and have concentrated on adolescent male offenders. As a result, little is known about the population of female juveniles arrested for murder. This study utilized the Supplementary Homicide Report (SHR) database to investigate age differences between younger (aged 6-12 ...
Suñer Ivan J IJ *Retina Associates of Florida, P.A., Tampa, Florida; †Truven Health Analytics, Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania (formerly Thomson Reuters Healthcare Business, Washington, DC); ‡Genentech, Inc, San Francisco, California; and §Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, W.K. Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
To quantify the burden of illness for incident branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in a commercially insured working-age (commercial) and Medicare US population. Retrospective cohort analysis of health care claims from 2003 through 2008 from commercial and Medicare patients with ≥2 outpatient diagnoses for ...
Debeffe Lucie L CEFS-INRA, B.P. 52627, 31326, Castanet-Tolosan, France, - - 2014
Breeding dispersal, defined as the net movement between successive breeding sites, remains a poorly understood and seldom reported phenomenon in mammals, despite its importance for population dynamics and genetics. In large herbivores, females may be more mobile during the breeding season, undertaking short-term trips (excursions) outside their normal home range. ...
Tom Sarah E SE Sarah E. Tom is with the Pharmaceutical Health Services Research Department, School of Pharmacy, University of Maryland, Baltimore. Rebecca A. Hubbard and Eric B. Larson are with the Group Health Research Institute, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA. Paul K. Crane and Eric B. Larson are with the Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle. Sebastien J. Haneuse is with the Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. James Bowen is with the Swedish Neuroscience Institute, Seattle, WA. Wayne C. McCormick is with the Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Susan McCurry is with Psychosocial and Community Health, School of Nursing, University of - - 2014
Objectives. We estimated dementia incidence rates, life expectancies with and without dementia, and percentage of total life expectancy without dementia. Methods. We studied 3605 members of Group Health (Seattle, WA) aged 65 years or older who did not have dementia at enrollment to the Adult Changes in Thought study between ...
Wahrendorf Morten M a Centre for Health and Society, Institute for Medical Sociology, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf , - - 2014
There is robust evidence that childhood circumstances are related to quality of life in older ages, but the role of possible intermediate factors is less explored. In this paper, we examine to what extent associations between deprived childhood circumstances and quality of life at older ages are due to experienced ...
Bruine de Bruin Wändi W Centre for Decision Research, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK (WBDB, SJM, ALT, BS)Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (WBDB)School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK (ALT)Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV (JS) - - 2014
Numeracy refers to people's ability to use numbers. Low numeracy has been associated with difficulties in understanding risk-benefit information and making health decisions. Older adults tend to perform worse than younger adults on measures of numeracy, but some theories of aging suggest that older adults may lack motivation for such ...
Daskivich Timothy J TJ Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Men with major comorbidities are at risk for overtreatment of prostate cancer due to uncertainty regarding their life expectancy. We sought to characterize life expectancy and treatment in a population-based cohort of men with differing ages and comorbidity burdens at diagnosis. We sampled 96,032 men aged ≥66 years with early-stage ...
Manica Lilian Tonelli LT Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF, 70910-900 Brazil; Current address: Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, 81531-980, - - 2014
Females who choose highly ornamented mates may gain resources that improve offspring production and survival. Studies have focused on the relationship between male quality and the complexity of sexual ornaments; however, less is known of the communicative content of courtship displays, and whether they indicate the quality of resources males ...
Arif Zeba - - 2014
There was a time when it would have been unthinkable to call someone over the age of 40 youthful. Change in ability and functioning is inevitable, but age is just a number these days, with most people taking advancing years in their stride.
Mapel Douglas W - - 2014
Anal fissure (AF) is regarded as a common problem, but there are no published epidemiologic data, nor information on current treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence, associated comorbidities, and treatment of AF in a population-based cohort. We conducted a retrospective analysis of all persons who ...
Azage Muluken - - 2014
Sex trafficking is a contemporary issue in both developed and developing countries. The number of trafficked women and young girls has increased globally. Females aged 18-25 are the most targeted group of trafficking. Although the problem is evident in Ethiopia, there are no studies that explored sex trafficking awareness among ...
Del Alamo-Sanza María M Higher Tech. Col. of Agricultural Engineering, Universidad de Valladolid, Avda. Madrid, 44, 34004-, Palencia, - - 2014
Porous plastic tanks are permeable to oxygen due to the nature of the polymers with which they are manufactured. In the wine industry, these types of tanks are used mainly for storing wine surpluses. Lately, their use in combination with oak pieces has also been proposed as an alternative to ...
Alexander H J HJ Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre, Bamfield, BC, - - 2014
Polygenic sex determination (PSD) is relatively rare and theoretically evolutionary unstable, yet has been reported across a range of taxa. Evidence for multilocus PSD is provided by (i) large between-family variance in sex ratio, (ii) paternal and maternal effects on family sex ratio and (iii) response to selection for family ...
Scott Jennifer J a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center , Boston , MA , - - 2014
Prolonged conflict in South Sudan exacerbated gender disparities and inequities. This study assessed differences in attitudes towards gender inequitable norms and practices by sex, age and education to inform programming. Applying community-based participatory research methodology, 680 adult respondents, selected by quota sampling, were interviewed in seven South Sudanese communities from ...
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