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Valente-Dos-Santos J J Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal - - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to assess the developmental changes in change of direction and dribbling speed in youth soccer players taking into account skeletal age (SA), maturity status, body size, estimated fat mass, aerobic endurance, lower limb explosive strength and annual volume of training. Eighty-three male soccer ...
Ashford Susan S Susan Ashford is an associate professor at Clayton State University, Morrow, Ga. and Julie Williard is a nurse practitioner at the Center for Allergy and Asthma, Carrollton, - - 2014
: Disabling for nearly 27 million people, osteoarthritis is expected to double by the year 2030. Although age is a strong predictor of osteoarthritis, it is not an inevitable consequence of aging. Nurse practitioners, frequently the first healthcare providers to see patients with osteoarthritis, must be up-to-date on current treatment ...
Shadfar Scott S Meridian Plastic Surgeons, 170 West 106th Street, Indianapolis, IN 46290, - - 2014
This article discusses the surgically relevant anatomic and physiologic tenets of the aging neck. Procedures performed to rejuvenate and contour the aging neck can be challenging. A thorough understanding of the underlying neck anatomy, as well as the physiology associated with aging, is critical for surgical planning, execution, and achieving ...
Osman N N The Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, - - 2014
Two articles appeared in the November 2012 edition of the journal evaluating aspects relating to the use of two important pharmacotherapeutic classes for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in real life clinical practice (1,2). LUTS is a non-specific term that encompasses urine storage, voiding and postmicturition symptoms (3). LUTS is ...
Haugen Thomas A TA Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, - - 2014
Purpose: To quantify VO2max among female competitive soccer players as a function of performance level, field position, and age. In addition, the evolution of VO2max among world-class players over an 18-y period was quantified. Methods: Female players (N = 199, 22 ± 4 y, 63 ± 6 kg, height 169 ...
Gillespie Duncan O S DO Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 94305, - - 2014
In the past six decades, lifespan inequality has varied greatly within and among countries even while life expectancy has continued to increase. How and why does mortality change generate this diversity? We derive a precise link between changes in age-specific mortality and lifespan inequality, measured as the variance of age ...
Becker Kerstin K Cologne Center for Genomics, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; Cluster of Excellence on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-associated Diseases, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a progressive fibromatosis that causes the formation of nodules and cords in the palmar aponeurosis leading to flexion contracture of affected fingers. The etiopathogenesis is multifactorial with a strong genetic predisposition. It is the most frequent genetic disorder of connective tissues. We have collected clinical data ...
Kowal Paul P World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), Switzerland; University of Newcastle Research Centre on Gender, Health and Ageing (Hunter Medical Research Institute), New South - - 2014
Objective: The demographic and health aspects of ageing populations in Australia and New Zealand (NZ) are described. These data are relevant to compare impacts of policy and context in each country. Methods: Secondary analysis of international (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations and World Health Organization) and domestic ...
La Tae Yoon TY Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, St. Vincent's Hospital , Suwon , South Korea - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence of and risk factors for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a representative Korean population. Materials and Methods: A nationwide population-based cross-sectional study was conducted among the civilian, noninstitutionalized Korean population aged 40 and older (mean age, 55.7 years; 95% confidence interval [CI], 55.4-56.0). A ...
Dorr Brian S BS United States Department of Agriculture, Wildlife Services, National Wildlife Research Center, Mississippi Field Station, P.O. Box 6099, Mississippi State, MS 39762, - - 2014
Demographic information, such as geographic segregation of sexes and sex ratio data, is needed to develop, model, and evaluate conservation and management strategies for wildlife. A variety of physiological, behavioral, and environmental factors can influence segregation of sexes and sex ratios, many of which originate with density-dependent processes. Departure from ...
Tartaglia Alexander A Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, - - 2014
The rate of organ donation by older potential donors is significantly declining even though recent studies show positive clinical outcomes with organs transplanted from older donors. This study examined the 50+ age demographic to identify the rationale for donation decisions, preferred media methods of donation information delivery, and responsiveness to ...
Coleman Tom W - - 2014
The goldspotted oak borer, Agrilus auroguttatus Schaeffer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), is an invasive species that has colonized oak woodlands in southern California. To better define its seasonal flight activity, assist with forest and integrated pest management activities, and define the current distribution in California, an effective monitoring technique for A. auroguttatus ...
Adams Michael A MA Centre for Comparative and Clinical Anatomy, University of Bristol, United - - 2014
This review suggests why some discs degenerate rather than age normally. Intervertebral discs are avascular pads of fibrocartilage that allow movement between vertebral bodies. Human discs have a low cell density and a limited ability to adapt to mechanical demands. With increasing age, the matrix becomes yellowed, fibrous, and brittle, ...
Garg Devika D Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, 61 Biopolis Dr. Singapore 138673; Department of Biological Sciences, National University of - - 2014
A growing body of evidence shows that microRNA expression changes with age in animals ranging from nematode to human. Genetic studies of microRNA function in vivo provide the means to move beyond correlation and to explore cause-effect relationships. Genetic studies in C. elegans and Drosophila have identified cellular pathways involved ...
Yamamoto Shunichi S Department of Ophthalmology, University of the Ryukyus, Graduate School of Medicine, Okinawa, - - 2014
To evaluate the prevalence of and risk factors for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in a rural population of southwestern Japan. Population-based cross-sectional study. All residents 40 years of age and older in Kumejima, Okinawa, Japan. Of the eligible 4632 residents 40 years of age and older, 3762 subjects (participant rate, ...
Kahn Arnold J AJ San Francisco Coordinating Center, California Pacific Medical Center, 185 Berry Street, Lobby 5, Suite 5700, San Francisco, CA 94107. - - 2014
In June 2013, a workshop was convened in San Francisco to explore, in depth, the role of the Forkhead transcription factor FOXO3 (and related FOXOs) in development, aging, and, in particular, exceptional longevity. The presentations covered results derived from model systems, computational analysis and bioinformatics, and genomics and genome-wide association ...
Katz Stephen S *Address correspondence to Stephen Katz, Department of Sociology, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, Ontario K9J 7B8, Canada. E-mail: - - 2014
"Successful aging" is one of gerontology's most successful ideas. Applied as a model, a concept, an approach, an experience, and an outcome, it has inspired researchers to create affiliated terms such as "healthy," "positive," "active," "productive," and "effective" aging. Although embraced as an optimistic approach to measuring life satisfaction and ...
He Ying Y Buck Institute for Research on Aging, Novato, CA, - - 2014
Drosophila melanogaster represents one of the most important genetically accessible model organisms for aging research. Studies in flies have identified single gene mutations that influence lifespan and have characterized endocrine signaling interactions that control homeostasis systemically. Recent studies have focused on the effects of aging on specific tissues and physiological ...
Avalos J A JA Instituto Agroforestal Mediterráneo (IAM), Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022, Valencia, - - 2014
The red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae), native to tropical Asian regions, has become a serious threat to palm trees all over the world. Knowledge of its flight potential is vital to improving the preventive and curative measures currently used to manage this pest. As R. ferrugineus is ...
Zaslavsky Oleg O Faculty of Health Science and Social Welfare, University of Haifa, Haifa, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: The purpose of this study was to describe the longitudinal trajectories and bidirectional relationships of the physical-social and emotional functioning (EF) dimensions of positive aging and to identify their baseline characteristics. Methods: Women age 65 and older who enrolled in one or more Women's Health Initiative clinical trials ...
Ormsbee Michael J MJ Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, The Florida State University, 120 Convocation Way, Tallahassee, FL, 32306-1493, USA, - - 2014
Osteopenia/osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and obesity are commonly observed in the process of aging, and recent evidence suggests a potential interconnection of these syndromes with common pathophysiology. The term osteosarcopenic obesity has been coined to describe the concurrent appearance of obesity in individuals with low bone and muscle mass. Although our understanding ...
Kern Leah L *Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA; †Department of Pediatrics, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA; and ‡Division of Child Development and Community Health, University of California San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
An 8-year 8-month-old biological female who self-identifies as a boy, Ricardo is brought by his mother for a well-child check to his new pediatrician. Ricardo and his mother report that he is doing well, but have concerns about the upcoming changes associated with puberty. Ricardo states that he is particularly ...
Lazaros George G 1st Cardiology Department, University of Athens Medical School, "Hippokration" Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Multifocal atrial tachycardias confer an adverse prognosis in hospitalized patients. We assessed the prognostic impact of multifocal atrial rhythms (MARs-either chaotic atrial rhythm or multifocal atrial tachycardia/bradycardia) in very elderly outpatients. One hundred ten subjects aged 60-74 years, 112 aged 75-89 years, and 61 over 90 years old, were enrolled ...
Newnham David - - 2014
If there is one consolation for people suffering the trials of age, I guess it is the knowledge that similar indignities lie in wait for the rest of us.
Henwood Benjamin F BF University of Southern California, School of Social Work, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
This study examined whether and how permanent supportive housing (PSH) programs are able to support aging in place among tenants with serious mental illness. Investigators used a mixed-method approach known as a convergent parallel design in which quantitative and qualitative data are analyzed separately and findings are merged during interpretation. ...
Fraser C I CI Biological Control and Spatial Ecology Laboratory, CP 160/12 Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, - - 2014
There is an evolutionary trade-off between the resources that a species invests in dispersal versus those invested in reproduction. For many insects, reproductive success in patchily-distributed species can be improved by sibling-mating. In many cases, such strategies correspond to sexual dimorphism, with males-whose reproductive activities can take place without dispersal-investing ...
Armstrong Lyle L Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, The International Centre for Life, Central Parkway, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 3BZ, United - - 2014
Although certainly one of the most recognizable characteristics of human biology, aging remains one of the least understood. This is largely attributable to the fact that aging is both gradual and inherently complex, with almost all aspects of physiology and phenotype undergoing steady modification with advancing age. The complexity of ...
Fabre Anne-Claire AC Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2014
Differences between the sexes may arise because of differences in reproductive strategy, with females investing more in traits related to reproductive output and males investing more in traits related to resource holding capacity and territory defence. Sexual dimorphism is widespread in lizards and in many species males and females also ...
Holtzer Roee R Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, 1165 Morris Park Avenue, Room 306, Bronx, NY 10461. - - 2014
The relationship between mobility and cognition in aging is well established, but the relationship between mobility and the structure and function of the aging brain is relatively unknown. This, in part, is attributed to the technological limitations of most neuroimaging procedures, which require the individual to be immobile or in ...
Mackay Alex A Centre for Archaeological Science, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The later Pleistocene archaeological record of southernmost Africa encompasses several Middle Stone Age industries and the transition to the Later Stone Age. Through this period various signs of complex human behaviour appear episodically, including elaborate lithic technologies, osseous technologies, ornaments, motifs and abstract designs. Here we explore the regional archaeological ...
Inouye Sharon K - - 2014
Quantifying the severity of delirium is essential to advancing clinical care by improved understanding of delirium effect, prognosis, pathophysiology, and response to treatment. To develop and validate a new delirium severity measure (CAM-S) based on the Confusion Assessment Method. Validation analysis in 2 independent cohorts. Three academic medical centers. The ...
Vaillant George E GE Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the possible antecedents of both dementia and sustained intact cognition at age 90 years among men who underwent a prospective, multidisciplinary assessment from ages 19 to 90 years, with little attrition. We conducted a prospective 20-year reassessment of 196 (out of 268) former Harvard college sophomores who ...
Dubus Nicole M NM Wheelock College, 81 Friend Street, Amesbury, MA, 01913, USA, - - 2014
To deepen the understanding of the life course of refugees this study explores the question: when do Cambodian elders perceive the beginning of old age? In-depth interviews were conducted with 32 Cambodians, age range 53-82, who attended an elder day center in an urban setting in Massachusetts. Interviews were transcribed ...
Finn Christine C Friedrich-Schiller-University - - 2014
Engaging in a romantic relationship represents one important life experience in young adulthood that has been shown to catalyze age-related decrease in neuroticism (Neyer & Lehnart, 2007). The current research builds directly on this finding by investigating one process that underlies the partnership effect. We focused on the relationship-specific interpretation ...
Silventoinen Karri K Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Length and weight in infancy are associated with neurodevelopment, but less is known about growth in other anthropometric measures. In this study we analyzed how the development in length, weight, head circumference, and chest circumference over infancy is associated with motor development in early childhood, using a twin study design. ...
Zhang Hongmei - - 2014
Genetic effects on asthma of genes in the T-helper 2 (Th2) pathway may interact with epigenetic factors including DNA methylation. We hypothesized that interactions between genetic variants and methylation in genes in this pathway (IL4, IL4R, IL13, GATA3, and STAT6) influence asthma risk, that such influences are age-dependent, and that ...
Yoshizawa Kazunori K Systematic Entomology, School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sex-specific elaborations are common in animals and have attracted the attention of many biologists, including Darwin [1]. It is accepted that sexual selection promotes the evolution of sex-specific elaborations. Due to the faster replenishment rate of gametes, males generally have higher potential reproductive and optimal mating rates than females. Therefore, ...
Chiu Jhen-Yan JY Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Pediatrics, Taitung Christian Hospital, Taitung, - - 2014
The gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) questionnaire (GerdQ) is a validated questionnaire that was developed recently to help identify GERD patients. The sensitivity and specificity of GerdQ for the diagnosis of GERD in adult patients were 65% and 71%, respectively. Because the application of GerdQ in pediatric population is largely unknown, ...
Hon Kam Lun KL Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
Abstract Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a heterogeneous group of congenital blistering disease that usually presents in the neonatal period. They are characterized by blister formation in response to rubbing or frictional trauma. EB is classified into three major categories, each with many subtypes based on the precise location at which ...
Gao Weiyin W Xi'an Jiaotong University, Electronic Materials Research Laboratory, Key Laboratory of Education Ministry, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, P.R. China. - - 2014
In this paper, we reported a simple one-pot solvothermal approach to fabricate Ag/reduced graphene oxide (r-GO)/TiO2 composite photocatalyst under atmospheric pressure. Based on the experimental data, we concluded that the introduction of Ag into classical graphene-TiO2 system (i) efficiently enlarges the absorption range, (ii) improves photogenerated electron separation and (iii) ...
Freeman-Gallant C R CR Department of Biology, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY, - - 2014
Females often possess ornaments that appear smaller and duller than homologous traits in males. These ornaments may arise as nonfunctional by-products of sexual selection in males and cause negative viability or fecundity selection in females in proportion to the cost of their production and maintenance. Alternatively, female ornaments may function ...
T Lassen L Departments of Medical - - 2014
Context: Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN-1) is a rare, autosomal dominant inherited disorder. Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is the most frequent and usually the earliest expression of MEN-1, with typical age of onset at 20-25 years. Early detection of the disease and correct treatment are therefore of great importance. Case presentation: A ...
Tsai Jack - - 2014
As more women serve in the U.S. military, the proportion of females among homeless veterans is increasing. The current study compares the individual characteristics and 1-year outcomes of homeless female and male veterans in the Housing and Urban Development-Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program nationally. Administrative data on 43,853 veterans ...
Denckla Christy A CA a Gordon F. Derner Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, Adelphi - - 2014
Crying is a unique form of human emotional expression that is associated with both positive and negative evocative antecedents. This article investigates the psychometric properties of a newly developed Crying Proneness Scale by examining the factor structure, test-retest reliability, and theoretically hypothesized relationships with empathy, attachment, age, and gender. Based ...
Tripp Erin A EA University of Colorado, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Natural History, UCB 350, Boulder, Colorado 80309 - - 2014
More than a decade of phylogenetic research has yielded a well-sampled, strongly supported hypothesis of relationships within the large (> 4,000 species) plant family Acanthaceae. This hypothesis points to intriguing biogeographic patterns and asymmetries in sister clade diversity but, absent a time-calibrated estimate for this evolutionary history, these patterns have ...
Lehtonen Jussi J Centre of Excellence in Biological Interactions and Division of Evolution Ecology and Genetics, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Jussi Lehtonen and Hanna Kokko provide a quick guide on definitions of sex.
Schärer Lukas L Evolutionary Biology, Zoological Institute, University of Basel, Vesalgasse 1, CH-4051 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Simultaneous hermaphrodites are both male and female, which could lead to conflicts between partners over optimal investment to the two sex functions. New evidence from hermaphroditic freshwater snails suggests that transferred seminal fluids affect the partner's male function.
Ghassabian Akhgar A The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Temperament and psychopathology are intimately related; however, research on the prospective associations between positive emotionality, defined as a child's positive mood states and high engagement with the environment, and psychopathology is inconclusive. We examined the longitudinal relation between positive emotionality and internalizing problems in young children from the general population. ...
Bengoetxea Eneritz E Universidad de Deusto, Avenida de las Universidades, 24, 48007 Bilbao, Vizcaya, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The U.S. Latino population is steadily increasing, prompting a need for cross-cultural outcome measures in schizophrenia research. This study examined the contribution of language to functional assessment in middle-aged Latino patients with schizophrenia by comparing 29 monolingual Spanish-speakers, 29 Latino English-speakers, and 29 non-Latino English-speakers who were matched on relevant ...
Costandi Shrif S Department of Pain Management, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) functionally impacts significant numbers of Americans per year. Current estimates place the number of Americans suffering from senescent lumbar spinal stenosis at 400,000. The prevalence of this disorder in patients ranging from 60 to 69 years of age is very high. Forty-seven percent of this age group ...
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