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Neely E Kirk EK Pediatric Endocrinology, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, - - 2014
Context: Aromatase inhibitors are used off-label to treat short stature in peripubertal boys. Objective: To investigate short- and long-term hormonal and auxologic differences in short pubertal boys treated with letrozole (L) or anastrozole (A). Design: Patients are seen for laboratory evaluation and physical examination every 6 months, bone age yearly, ...
Khan Farhan R FR Life Sciences, Natural History Museum , Cromwell Road, London , UK - - 2014
Abstract Mechanisms involved in the uptake of Ag NPs, and NPs in general, have been long debated within nano-ecotoxicology. In vitro studies provide evidence of the different available uptake pathways, but in vivo demonstrations are lacking. In this study, pharmacological inhibitors were employed to block specific uptake pathways that have ...
Ostermann Roman C RC Department of Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Austria, Vienna, - - 2014
Although injuries sustained during ice skating have been reported to be more serious than other forms of skating, the potential injury risks are often underestimated by skating participants. The purpose of this study was to give a descriptive overview of injury patterns occurring during ice skating. Special emphasis was put ...
Yadav Siddhant S Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
& Aims: Little is known about progression of ischemic colitis (IC) among unselected patients. We aimed to estimate the incidence, risk factors, and natural history of IC in a population-based cohort in Olmsted County, Minnesota. We performed a retrospective population-based cohort and nested case-control study of IC. Each IC case ...
Charles-Walsh Kathleen K Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Melbourne 3010, VIC, - - 2014
Although the majority of substance use disorders depict reliable deficits in inhibitory control (IC), similar deficits are not consistently found in nicotine dependence. The mixed results of past research may have been due to confounding variables known to independently influence IC function, including age, concurrent drug use and particularly, length ...
Cheng Jun-Yan JY College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Collaborative Innovation Center of Functionalized Probes for Chemical Imaging, Key Laboratory of Molecular and Nano Probes, Ministry of Education, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, P. R. China. - - 2014
A stable porous Ag(i)-MOF with new topology is constructed from AgSbF6 and 3,6-bis[2-(4-oxide-quinoxaline)-yl]-4,5-diaza-3,5-octadiene (). This compound can be a highly selective porous MOF material to effectively separate benzene from its six-membered cyclic organic analogues such as cyclohexane, cyclohexene and o-, m-, p-xylene under ambient conditions in both vapor and liquid ...
Berger Trish T Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis, California, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Increasing sperm production per breeding male has economic significance with increasing use of artificial insemination. Manipulations to increase sperm production in livestock will only be useful if libido and sperm fertilizing capacity are not adversely affected. Reducing endogenous estrogens in the postnatal interval increases the number of Sertoli cells and ...
Gleich Otto O ENT-Department, University of Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauss-Allee 11, 93053 Regensburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Indicators of an age-dependent down-regulation of GABA (gamma amino butyric acid) have been well-documented in the inferior colliculus (IC) of several rat strains. In the present study, we performed a quantitative light microscopic analysis of GABA-immunostained IC sections to characterize the effect of age on the cross-sectional area of the ...
- - 2014
Ice hockey is an increasingly popular sport that allows intentional collision in the form of body checking for males but not for females. There is a two- to threefold increased risk of all injury, severe injury, and concussion related to body checking at all levels of boys' youth ice hockey. ...
Jayasena Dinesh D DD Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Republic of - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the effect of bird age on the contents of endogenous bioactive compounds, including carnosine, anserine, creatine, betaine, and carnitine, in meat from a certified meat-type commercial Korean native chicken strain (KNC; Woorimatdag). Additionally, the effects of the meat type (breast or leg meat) and the ...
Gencer Zeliha Kapusuz ZK Department of Otolaryngology, Medical Faculty of Bozok University, 66000 Yozgat, Turkey. - - 2014
This study aims to evaluate the possible relationship between oral consumption of hot black tea and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage in a mid-sized town population in central Anatolia. Nasal swabs were taken from a total of 109 subjects (53 females, 56 males; mean age 34.4 years; range 18 ...
Cerezo Ana B AB Área de Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Sevilla , C/P García González no. 2, Sevilla 41012, - - 2014
Wood shavings are widely employed in vinegar making to reduce aging time. Accordingly, this study aims to evaluate the effects of using shavings from different wood species (acacia, cherry, chestnut, and oak) and of toasting on the release of phenolic compounds into vinegar during the aging process. The study involved ...
Buizert Christo C College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR - - 2014
We present successful (81)Kr-Kr radiometric dating of ancient polar ice. Krypton was extracted from the air bubbles in four ∼350-kg polar ice samples from Taylor Glacier in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, and dated using Atom Trap Trace Analysis (ATTA). The (81)Kr radiometric ages agree with independent age estimates obtained ...
Berger Trish - - 2014
Reduced endogenous estrogen and hemicastration both stimulate proliferation of porcine Sertoli cells. The objective of these experiments was to compare the temporal pattern of response to each stimulus and the response to the combined stimuli as indications of shared or separate mechanisms. Within a replicate, one littermate was treated weekly ...
Yoshizawa-Ogasawara Atsuko A Department of Pediatrics, Ibaraki Children's Hospital, Mito, Japan ; Tanaka Growth Clinic, Tokyo, - - 2014
In this study, we report a Japanese boy with testotoxicosis due to a heterozygous mutation [p. A572V] in the LH/CGR gene, who was the first boy treated with a third-generation aromatase inhibitor (AI) and reached his adult height in Japan. He showed accelerated growth and rapid penile growth from 3 ...
Ciccotto P J PJ Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD, 21250, - - 2014
The hypothesis that males possessing more vivid nuptial colouration are of better quality with regard to individual measures of health such as parasite infection was investigated by taking spectral measurements of orange and blue bars in the nuptial males of a sexually dichromatic stream fish rainbow darter Etheostoma caeruleum to ...
Yang Chang Yeol CY National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration, 30 Subong-ro, Gwonseon-gu, Suwon, 440-706, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
Apolygus spinolae (Meyer-Dür) (Heteroptera: Miridae) is an important pest of fruit and tea trees in Korea and Japan. Analyses of extracts of metathoracic scent glands revealed that those of female bugs contained hexyl butyrate, (E)-2-hexenyl butyrate, and (E)-4-oxo-2-hexenal in a ratio of 20:100:7. The glands of males contained the same ...
Yang Hyo Hyun HH Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, 170 Hyunchung-Ro, Daegu, 705-717, Republic of - - 2014
Cellular senescence is known to contribute to tissue aging, a variety of age-related diseases, tissue regeneration, and cancer. Therefore, aging intervention might be useful for prevention of aging as well as age-related disease. In this study, we investigated compounds from Polygonum aviculare to determine if they inhibited cellular senescence in ...
Geurts Hilde M HM Department of Psychology, Brain & Cognition, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Research & Development, Dr Leo Kannerhuis, Center for Autism, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Dutch Autism and ADHD Research Center (d'Arc), Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Cognitive Science Center Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
There is a substantial amount of data providing evidence for, but also against the hypothesis that individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) encounter inhibitory control deficits. ASD is often associated with interference control deficits rather than prepotent response inhibition. Moreover, the developmental trajectory for these inhibitory control processes is hypothesized ...
Skrzypczak Michał M Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology, Laboratory of Parasitology and General Zoology, University of Gdansk, Faculty of Biology, Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308, Gdańsk, - - 2014
In the present study 5 grey seals (Halichoerus grypus), 3 common seals (Phoca vitulina) and 1 ringed seal (Pusa hispida) bycaught or stranded on the Polish Baltic Sea coast in years 2000-2006 were investigated for the infestation of parasitic anisakid nematodes. 749 of anisakids were found. The most common were: ...
Jones Brooke A BA University of - - 2014
We evaluated the extent to which access duration during stimulus preference assessments affects preschool-age children's preferences for leisure items. Results demonstrated that rankings for highly preferred items remained similar across both short- and long-access durations; however, overall preference hierarchies remained more similar across administrations of long-access-duration assessments than short-access-duration assessments.
Welzl Kathrin K Immunology Division, Research Institute of Biomedical Aging Research, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, - - 2014
Background: Life expectancy, as well as the average age of patients undergoing solid organ transplantation, increases constantly. Consequently, immunosuppressive therapy is no longer limited to young organ recipients. Objective: Here, we investigate how different types of immunosuppressive therapy, namely the calcineurin inhibitors cyclosporin A and tacrolimus, as well as the ...
Fountain Michelle M East Malling Research, New Road, East Malling, Kent, ME19 6BJ, - - 2014
Mirid bugs (Heteroptera: Miridae) are important pests of many crops worldwide. In previous work by others and ourselves, several species of Lygus bugs were shown to produce blends of three compounds, hexyl butyrate, (E)-2-hexenyl butyrate, and (E)-4-oxo-2-hexenal. These have been proposed as components of the female-produced sex pheromones, but attraction ...
McKay Carly D CD Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
This cross-sectional study aimed to determine psychometric properties and reference values for ImPACT in a sample of 704 elite ice hockey players aged 13-17. Baseline ImPACT tests were completed at the beginning of the 2011-2012 season. Players aged 16-17 had better visual motor processing speed, adjusted R(2) = .0522, F(2, ...
Shanthanagouda Admane H AH State Key Laboratory in Marine Pollution, Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
In human, a reduction in estrogen has been proposed as one of the key contributing factors for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Rodents are conventional models for studying postmenopausal osteoporosis, but the major limitation is that ovariectomy is needed to mimic the estrogen decline after menopause. Interestingly, in medaka fish (Oryzias latipes), we ...
Vijayan Sri Ramkumar SR 0000-0003-1354-0084 Department of Oceanography and Coastal Area Studies, School of Marine Sciences, Alagappa University, Thondi Campus, Thondi, Tamil Nadu 623 409, - - 2014
Silver and gold nanoparticles were synthesized using an aqueous extract of the seaweed Turbinaria conoides and their antibiofilm activity against marine biofilm forming bacteria is reported here. The UV-Vis spectra showed the characteristics SPR absorption band for Ag NPs at 421 and for Au NPs at 538 nm. Further, the synthesized ...
Sadeghian Saeed S Torabinejad Dental Research Center and Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Linear and angular measurements such as A point, nasion, B point (ANB) angle and Wits appraisal index are not accurate enough to evaluate sagittal relationship of the jaws. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the range of μ and β angles in 6-17-year-old children of Isfahan, ...
Ahn Jinho J School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151742, - - 2014
Reconstruction of atmospheric CO2 during times of past abrupt climate change may help us better understand climate-carbon cycle feedbacks. Previous ice core studies reveal simultaneous increases in atmospheric CO2 and Antarctic temperature during times when Greenland and the northern hemisphere experienced very long, cold stadial conditions during the last ice ...
Di Loreto Carla C Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, - - 2014
Finasteride is an inhibitor of 5-α-reductase used against male androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Reported side effects of finasteride comprise sexual dysfunction including erectile dysfunction, male infertility, and loss of libido. Recently these effects were described as persistent in some subjects. Molecular events inducing persistent adverse sexual symptoms are unexplored. This study ...
Nabeshima Yoko Y Laboratory of Molecular Life Science, Institute of Biomedical Research and Innovation Foundation for Biomedical Research and Innovation 2-2 Minatojima- Minamimachi Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0047 - - 2014
Taking good care of elderly is a major challenge of our society, and thus identification of potential drug targets to reduce age-associated disease burden is desirable. α-klotho(-/-) (α-kl) is a short-lived mouse model that displays multiple phenotypes resembling human aging-related syndromes. Such ageing phenotype of α-kl(-/-) mice is associated with ...
Akella Sudhakar V S SV Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, England, United - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify the aggregation pheromone of the melon thrips Thrips palmi, a major pest of vegetable and ornamental plants around the world. The species causes damage both through feeding activities and as a vector of tospoviruses, and is a threat to world trade and ...
Mosnaim Giselle G Department of Preventive Medicine, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nonadherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is a significant risk factor for poor asthma outcomes in minority adolescents with persistent asthma. To identify factors associated with nonadherence to daily ICS in this target population. Adolescents 11 to 16 years old, self-identified as African American or Hispanic, diagnosed with persistent asthma and ...
Sidoroff Virpi H VH Department of Paediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Department of Paediatrics, North-Karelia Central Hospital, Joensuu, - - 2013
The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between previous use of ICS and bone mineral density (BMD) at school age in a cohort followed after early childhood wheezing. As part of a prospective follow-up study after hospitalization for wheezing at <24 months of age, BMD was measured ...
Evans Jonathan P - - 2013
Disentangling the relative roles of males, females and their interactive effects on competitive fertilization success remains a challenge in sperm competition. In this study, we apply a novel experimental framework to an ideally suited externally fertilizing model system in order to delineate these roles. We focus on the chinook salmon, ...
Habib Mohammed Ahmad MA Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
Skin aging can be classified into chronological aging and photoaging. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) may be involved in ultraviolet-induced inflammation, photocarcinogenesis and the aging process. Studies done focused on assessing COX-2 expression after acute ultraviolet exposure and in photocarcinogenesis. Comparative assessment of COX-2 expression in chronological aging and photoaging was not previously ...
Ehizele A O AO Department of Periodontics. University of Benin Teaching Hospital. Benin City - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the concentration of volatile sulphur compounds in mouth air of young adult and their self perception of malodour and also to determine the relationship between the organoleptic assessment of young adult and their perception of malodour. A total of ...
Hu Hui-Ling HL Department of Hospitality Management, Taoyuan Innovation Institute of Technology, Jhongli 32091, Taiwan ; Department of Chemistry, Chung-Yuan Christian University, Jhongli 32023, - - 2013
In the title compound, [Ag2(C6H7N2O2S)2], the Ag(I) atom is coordinated by two N atoms from two N-(pyridin-2-yl)methane-sulfonamidate anions in a slightly bent linear geometry [N-Ag-N = 166.03 (7)°]. The Ag(I) atoms are bridged by the N-(pyridin-2-yl)methane-sulfonamidate anions, forming a centrosymmetric dinuclear mol-ecule, in which the Ag⋯Ag distance is 2.7072 (4) Å.
Corbo Jason M - - 2013
Objective:The objective of this study was to investigate whether the rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are higher in a veteran population prescribed phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors for erectile dysfunction compared to individuals not prescribed these medications.Methods:This retrospective cohort study included male veterans who filled at least 1 prescription ...
Hunt Kelly J - - 2013
Over 90% of modified LDL in circulation is associated to specific antibodies circulating as part of immune complexes (IC); however, few studies have examined their relationship with cardiovascular disease. We report the relationship between circulating concentrations of IC of oxidized LDL (oxLDL-IC), malondialdehyde-LDL (MDA-LDL-IC) and advanced glycation end products-LDL (AGE-LDL-IC) ...
Singh Santosh Kumar SK Practising Endocrinoloist, Patna, Bihar, - - 2013
Aromatase inhibitors (AI) have been used in males in idiopathic short stature, constitutional delay of puberty, precocious puberty, gynecomastia, oligospermia, hypogonadism related to obesity and ageing. This retrospective study echoed the benefit of AI in Indian males in varied conditions.
Lemez S - - 2013
The relative age effect suggests that athletes born in the first two quartiles of a given selection year experience a selection advantage and therefore a greater opportunity for success. We describe two studies examining the relationship between relative age, competition level, and dropout rates of Ontario Minor Hockey Association male ...
Marangoni Dario - - 2013
To determine whether the functional effects of oral supplementation with Saffron, a natural compound that proved to be neuroprotective in early age-related macular degeneration, are influenced by complement factor H (CFH) and age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2 (ARMS2) risk genotypes. Thirty-three early AMD patients, screened for CFH (rs1061170) and ARMS2 (rs10490924) ...
Kelly D A - - 2013
The principal nucleus of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNSTp) and anteroventral periventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (AVPV) are sexually dimorphic, hormone-sensitive forebrain regions. Here we report a profound sex difference in estrogen receptor-α (ERα) immunoreactivity (IR) in the BNSTp, with robust ERα IR in females and the ...
Danilov Anton - - 2013
Mutations of the PI3K, TOR, iNOS, and NF-κB genes increase lifespan of model organisms and reduce the risk of some aging-associated diseases. We studied the effects of inhibitors of PI3K (wortmannin), TOR (rapamycin), iNOS (1400W), NF-κB (pyrrolidin dithiocarbamate and QNZ), and the combined effects of inhibitors: PI3K (wortmannin) and TOR ...
- - 2013
The cause of warming in the Southern Hemisphere during the most recent deglaciation remains a matter of debate. Hypotheses for a Northern Hemisphere trigger, through oceanic redistributions of heat, are based in part on the abrupt onset of warming seen in East Antarctic ice cores and dated to 18,000 years ...
Cereda Emanuele - - 2013
Literature suggests that sex steroid hormones may modify the risk for Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated the potential effect of reproductive factors on the clinical features of idiopathic PD (IPD) patients. All IPD female patients admitted to and evaluated at our Institute over a 12-month period were included in the ...
Stephens Sahar M - - 2013
Obesity is a pandemic and is associated with multiple medical problems including subfertility. Male obesity has been associated with altered semen parameters and reproductive hormonal levels, including a reduced testosterone:estradiol (T:E2) ratio. Treatment methods employed for obesity-related male subfertility include gonadotropin administration, weight loss, and aromatase inhibitors. Letrozole is a ...
Stewart Dennis D - - 2013
This research examined how third party statements impact the evaluation of male and female politicians caught in a scandal (i.e., extramarital affair). Governor's sex was crossed with three types of support statements: third party supportive (TPS), third party non-supportive (TPNS), and governor self-supportive (GSS). In Experiment 1, a female politician ...
Curtis Sharon - - 2013
The epicuticle of various Drosophila species consists of long-chain cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) and their derivatives that play a role in waterproofing and a dynamic means of chemical communication. Here, via gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, we identified and quantified the epicuticular composition of D. recens and D. subquinaria, two closely ...
Watabe Motoki - - 2013
Recently, minocycline, a tetracycline antibiotic, has been reported to improve symptoms of psychiatric disorders and to facilitate sober decision-making in healthy human subjects. Here we show that minocycline also reduces the risk of the 'honey trap' during an economic exchange. Males tend to cooperate with physically attractive females without careful ...
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