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Berger Trish - - 2014
Reduced endogenous estrogen and hemicastration both stimulate proliferation of porcine Sertoli cells. The objective of these experiments was to compare the temporal pattern of response to each stimulus and the response to the combined stimuli as indications of shared or separate mechanisms. Within a replicate, one littermate was treated weekly ...
Brooks A A University of Wisconsin, Madison, - - 2014
Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT3) was published March 2013 to allow more complete clinical assessment of concussed athletes. Establish normative SCAT3 values in adolescent athletes. Prospective cohort. 7 Wisconsin high schools. 758 (187 Female, 571 Male) athletes (age 15.9±1.1 yrs.) in 19 sports. SCAT3 administered summer 2013. Subjects reported previous ...
Eliason P P Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Calgary, - - 2014
Concussions can lead to cognitive or neuromotor impairments which may influence skill performance. No published research has investigated the effect of previous concussions on sport-specific skill performance. Skill performance may be an important component of injury prevention strategy development in youth ice hockey. To investigate the effect of previous concussion ...
Holden S S School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
The intensity and magnitude of secondary school sports participation is increasing annually. In this population there is a high incidence of anterior cruciate ligament injury, particularly in females. Two dimensional (2D) lower limb biomechanical analysis may present an inexpensive and clinically applicable way to evaluate biomechanical risk factors for knee ...
Ciccotto P J PJ Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD, 21250, - - 2014
The hypothesis that males possessing more vivid nuptial colouration are of better quality with regard to individual measures of health such as parasite infection was investigated by taking spectral measurements of orange and blue bars in the nuptial males of a sexually dichromatic stream fish rainbow darter Etheostoma caeruleum to ...
Yang Chang Yeol CY National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration, 30 Subong-ro, Gwonseon-gu, Suwon, 440-706, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
Apolygus spinolae (Meyer-Dür) (Heteroptera: Miridae) is an important pest of fruit and tea trees in Korea and Japan. Analyses of extracts of metathoracic scent glands revealed that those of female bugs contained hexyl butyrate, (E)-2-hexenyl butyrate, and (E)-4-oxo-2-hexenal in a ratio of 20:100:7. The glands of males contained the same ...
Yang Hyo Hyun HH Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, 170 Hyunchung-Ro, Daegu, 705-717, Republic of - - 2014
Cellular senescence is known to contribute to tissue aging, a variety of age-related diseases, tissue regeneration, and cancer. Therefore, aging intervention might be useful for prevention of aging as well as age-related disease. In this study, we investigated compounds from Polygonum aviculare to determine if they inhibited cellular senescence in ...
Geurts Hilde M HM Department of Psychology, Brain & Cognition, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Research & Development, Dr Leo Kannerhuis, Center for Autism, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Dutch Autism and ADHD Research Center (d'Arc), Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Cognitive Science Center Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
There is a substantial amount of data providing evidence for, but also against the hypothesis that individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) encounter inhibitory control deficits. ASD is often associated with interference control deficits rather than prepotent response inhibition. Moreover, the developmental trajectory for these inhibitory control processes is hypothesized ...
Skrzypczak Michał M Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology, Laboratory of Parasitology and General Zoology, University of Gdansk, Faculty of Biology, Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308, Gdańsk, - - 2014
In the present study 5 grey seals (Halichoerus grypus), 3 common seals (Phoca vitulina) and 1 ringed seal (Pusa hispida) bycaught or stranded on the Polish Baltic Sea coast in years 2000-2006 were investigated for the infestation of parasitic anisakid nematodes. 749 of anisakids were found. The most common were: ...
Jones Brooke A BA University of - - 2014
We evaluated the extent to which access duration during stimulus preference assessments affects preschool-age children's preferences for leisure items. Results demonstrated that rankings for highly preferred items remained similar across both short- and long-access durations; however, overall preference hierarchies remained more similar across administrations of long-access-duration assessments than short-access-duration assessments.
Newnham David - - 2014
I have always been fascinated with medieval times. Perhaps it was that cheesy Robin Hood series I used to watch as a kid - 'Robin Hood, Robin Hood, riding through the glen' - or the castles we used to visit on holiday. But do I really want to go back ...
Welzl Kathrin K Immunology Division, Research Institute of Biomedical Aging Research, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, - - 2014
Background: Life expectancy, as well as the average age of patients undergoing solid organ transplantation, increases constantly. Consequently, immunosuppressive therapy is no longer limited to young organ recipients. Objective: Here, we investigate how different types of immunosuppressive therapy, namely the calcineurin inhibitors cyclosporin A and tacrolimus, as well as the ...
Fountain Michelle M East Malling Research, New Road, East Malling, Kent, ME19 6BJ, - - 2014
Mirid bugs (Heteroptera: Miridae) are important pests of many crops worldwide. In previous work by others and ourselves, several species of Lygus bugs were shown to produce blends of three compounds, hexyl butyrate, (E)-2-hexenyl butyrate, and (E)-4-oxo-2-hexenal. These have been proposed as components of the female-produced sex pheromones, but attraction ...
McKay Carly D CD Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
This cross-sectional study aimed to determine psychometric properties and reference values for ImPACT in a sample of 704 elite ice hockey players aged 13-17. Baseline ImPACT tests were completed at the beginning of the 2011-2012 season. Players aged 16-17 had better visual motor processing speed, adjusted R(2) = .0522, F(2, ...
Shanthanagouda Admane H AH State Key Laboratory in Marine Pollution, Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
In human, a reduction in estrogen has been proposed as one of the key contributing factors for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Rodents are conventional models for studying postmenopausal osteoporosis, but the major limitation is that ovariectomy is needed to mimic the estrogen decline after menopause. Interestingly, in medaka fish (Oryzias latipes), we ...
Vijayan Sri Ramkumar SR 0000-0003-1354-0084 Department of Oceanography and Coastal Area Studies, School of Marine Sciences, Alagappa University, Thondi Campus, Thondi, Tamil Nadu 623 409, - - 2014
Silver and gold nanoparticles were synthesized using an aqueous extract of the seaweed Turbinaria conoides and their antibiofilm activity against marine biofilm forming bacteria is reported here. The UV-Vis spectra showed the characteristics SPR absorption band for Ag NPs at 421 and for Au NPs at 538 nm. Further, the synthesized ...
Sadeghian Saeed S Torabinejad Dental Research Center and Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Linear and angular measurements such as A point, nasion, B point (ANB) angle and Wits appraisal index are not accurate enough to evaluate sagittal relationship of the jaws. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the range of μ and β angles in 6-17-year-old children of Isfahan, ...
Mosnaim Giselle G Department of Preventive Medicine, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nonadherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is a significant risk factor for poor asthma outcomes in minority adolescents with persistent asthma. To identify factors associated with nonadherence to daily ICS in this target population. Adolescents 11 to 16 years old, self-identified as African American or Hispanic, diagnosed with persistent asthma and ...
Sidoroff Virpi H VH Department of Paediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Department of Paediatrics, North-Karelia Central Hospital, Joensuu, - - 2013
The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between previous use of ICS and bone mineral density (BMD) at school age in a cohort followed after early childhood wheezing. As part of a prospective follow-up study after hospitalization for wheezing at <24 months of age, BMD was measured ...
Evans Jonathan P - - 2013
Disentangling the relative roles of males, females and their interactive effects on competitive fertilization success remains a challenge in sperm competition. In this study, we apply a novel experimental framework to an ideally suited externally fertilizing model system in order to delineate these roles. We focus on the chinook salmon, ...
Habib Mohammed Ahmad MA Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
Skin aging can be classified into chronological aging and photoaging. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) may be involved in ultraviolet-induced inflammation, photocarcinogenesis and the aging process. Studies done focused on assessing COX-2 expression after acute ultraviolet exposure and in photocarcinogenesis. Comparative assessment of COX-2 expression in chronological aging and photoaging was not previously ...
Ehizele A O AO Department of Periodontics. University of Benin Teaching Hospital. Benin City - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the concentration of volatile sulphur compounds in mouth air of young adult and their self perception of malodour and also to determine the relationship between the organoleptic assessment of young adult and their perception of malodour. A total of ...
Corbo Jason M - - 2013
Objective:The objective of this study was to investigate whether the rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are higher in a veteran population prescribed phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors for erectile dysfunction compared to individuals not prescribed these medications.Methods:This retrospective cohort study included male veterans who filled at least 1 prescription ...
Hunt Kelly J - - 2013
Over 90% of modified LDL in circulation is associated to specific antibodies circulating as part of immune complexes (IC); however, few studies have examined their relationship with cardiovascular disease. We report the relationship between circulating concentrations of IC of oxidized LDL (oxLDL-IC), malondialdehyde-LDL (MDA-LDL-IC) and advanced glycation end products-LDL (AGE-LDL-IC) ...
Singh Santosh Kumar SK Practising Endocrinoloist, Patna, Bihar, - - 2013
Aromatase inhibitors (AI) have been used in males in idiopathic short stature, constitutional delay of puberty, precocious puberty, gynecomastia, oligospermia, hypogonadism related to obesity and ageing. This retrospective study echoed the benefit of AI in Indian males in varied conditions.
Lemez S - - 2013
The relative age effect suggests that athletes born in the first two quartiles of a given selection year experience a selection advantage and therefore a greater opportunity for success. We describe two studies examining the relationship between relative age, competition level, and dropout rates of Ontario Minor Hockey Association male ...
Marangoni Dario - - 2013
To determine whether the functional effects of oral supplementation with Saffron, a natural compound that proved to be neuroprotective in early age-related macular degeneration, are influenced by complement factor H (CFH) and age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2 (ARMS2) risk genotypes. Thirty-three early AMD patients, screened for CFH (rs1061170) and ARMS2 (rs10490924) ...
Kelly D A - - 2013
The principal nucleus of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNSTp) and anteroventral periventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (AVPV) are sexually dimorphic, hormone-sensitive forebrain regions. Here we report a profound sex difference in estrogen receptor-α (ERα) immunoreactivity (IR) in the BNSTp, with robust ERα IR in females and the ...
Danilov Anton - - 2013
Mutations of the PI3K, TOR, iNOS, and NF-κB genes increase lifespan of model organisms and reduce the risk of some aging-associated diseases. We studied the effects of inhibitors of PI3K (wortmannin), TOR (rapamycin), iNOS (1400W), NF-κB (pyrrolidin dithiocarbamate and QNZ), and the combined effects of inhibitors: PI3K (wortmannin) and TOR ...
- - 2013
The cause of warming in the Southern Hemisphere during the most recent deglaciation remains a matter of debate. Hypotheses for a Northern Hemisphere trigger, through oceanic redistributions of heat, are based in part on the abrupt onset of warming seen in East Antarctic ice cores and dated to 18,000 years ...
Cereda Emanuele - - 2013
Literature suggests that sex steroid hormones may modify the risk for Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated the potential effect of reproductive factors on the clinical features of idiopathic PD (IPD) patients. All IPD female patients admitted to and evaluated at our Institute over a 12-month period were included in the ...
Stephens Sahar M - - 2013
Obesity is a pandemic and is associated with multiple medical problems including subfertility. Male obesity has been associated with altered semen parameters and reproductive hormonal levels, including a reduced testosterone:estradiol (T:E2) ratio. Treatment methods employed for obesity-related male subfertility include gonadotropin administration, weight loss, and aromatase inhibitors. Letrozole is a ...
Stewart Dennis D - - 2013
This research examined how third party statements impact the evaluation of male and female politicians caught in a scandal (i.e., extramarital affair). Governor's sex was crossed with three types of support statements: third party supportive (TPS), third party non-supportive (TPNS), and governor self-supportive (GSS). In Experiment 1, a female politician ...
Curtis Sharon - - 2013
The epicuticle of various Drosophila species consists of long-chain cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) and their derivatives that play a role in waterproofing and a dynamic means of chemical communication. Here, via gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, we identified and quantified the epicuticular composition of D. recens and D. subquinaria, two closely ...
Watabe Motoki - - 2013
Recently, minocycline, a tetracycline antibiotic, has been reported to improve symptoms of psychiatric disorders and to facilitate sober decision-making in healthy human subjects. Here we show that minocycline also reduces the risk of the 'honey trap' during an economic exchange. Males tend to cooperate with physically attractive females without careful ...
Akiyoshi Takeshi - - 2013
  We retrospectively analyzed the bone mineral density (BMD) of postmenopausal Japanese women taking aromatase inhibitors (AIs), exemestane, anastrozole or letrozole calculated the decrease rate constant of BMD in each individual to compare the influence of three AIs on BMD. We also aimed to evaluate the preventive effect of bisphosphonates (BPs) ...
Nagai Ryoji - - 2013
Since advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) inhibitors such as benfotiamine, pyridoxamine and aminoguanidine significantly inhibit the development of retinopathy and neuropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, treatment with AGEs inhibitors is believed to be a potential strategy for preventing lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetic complications and atherosclerosis. Furthermore, preventive medicine is the ...
Li Ying - - 2013
This study evaluates effect amd mechanism of atorvastatin on human coronary endothelial cells (HCAEC) apoptosis. Results show that HCAEC apoptosis increased with increasing AGEs concentration. Atorvastatin may decrease HCAEC apoptosis, but the effect can be attenuated by PI3K inhibitor. Secretion of PI3K and P-Akt in HCAEC increased with increasing AGEs ...
Hancock David J - - 2013
Relative age effects (RAEs; when relatively older children possess participation and performance advantages over relatively younger children) are frequent in male team sports. One possible explanation is that coaches select players based on physical attributes, which are more likely witnessed in relatively older athletes. To determine if coach selections are ...
Mitchell Jonathan A - - 2013
Previous research has examined the association between screen time and average changes in adolescent body mass index (BMI). Until now, no study has evaluated the longitudinal relationship between screen time and changes in the BMI distribution across mid to late adolescence. Participants (n = 1,336) were adolescents who were followed ...
Lamming Dudley W DW Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Department of Biology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, - - 2013
Rapamycin, an inhibitor of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), has the strongest experimental support to date as a potential anti-aging therapeutic in mammals. Unlike many other compounds that have been claimed to influence longevity, rapamycin has been repeatedly tested in long-lived, genetically heterogeneous mice, in which it extends both mean ...
Miller Thomas D TD SFC Brain Imaging Research Centre, Division of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. - - 2013
The cerebellum participates in multiple cognitive functions, including those that are sensitive to decline with aging, and is also vulnerable to atrophy with aging. However, few studies have examined structure-function relationships in older adults. We measured the cross-sectional area of four areas of the cerebellar vermis in 45 community-dwelling men ...
Xie Yixi - - 2013
The properties of polyphenols as AGEs formation inhibitors have attracted great interest among researchers. This review discusses the antiglycation activities of polyphenols and focus on the relationship between the AGEs formation inhibitory activities and their chemical structures. The molecular structures influence the inhibition in the following ways: (1) The hydroxylation ...
Allas Soraya - - 2013
Because of its orexigenic, adipogenic and diabetogenic activities, acylated ghrelin (AG) has emerged as an attractive target for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Pharmacological tools have been designed in order to antagonize or block the hormone's activity, or inhibit ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT), the enzyme that catalyzes its ...
Pugnaghi Matteo - - 2013
We report the case of a woman who presented cryptogenic temporal lobe seizures from the age of 43 years. Antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment with carbamazepine was able to control seizures for 1 year, but seizures relapsed and an add-on treatment with lamotrigine was started without achieving seizures control. The patient's ...
Vansintejan Johan - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) in a sample of the Belgian men who have sex with men (MSM) population, and to assess the relevance of major predictors such as age, relationship, and education. We investigated the use of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors among Belgian MSM. An ...
Paul-Prasanth B - - 2013
The sexual plasticity of the gonads is not retained after the completion of sex differentiation in vertebrates, except in some hermaphroditic species. Here, we report that the depletion of estradiol-17β (E2) by aromatase inhibitors (AI) for up to six months resulted in a functional female-to-male sex reversal in sexually-mature adults ...
Lu Yunxia Y Upper Gastrointestinal Research, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2013
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are regarded as two types of drugs that respectively increase and decrease the risk of peptic ulcer bleeding. However, their relation to occurrence, recurrence and death of bleeding in the population level is not clear. To clarify recent calendar-time correlations between ...
Raghavan Pathmanathan P School of Archaeology and Anthropology, College of Arts and Social Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, - - 2013
Recently published craniometric and genetic studies indicate a predominantly indigenous ancestry of Indian populations. We address this issue with a fuller coverage of Indian craniometrics than any done before. We analyse metrical variability within Indian series, Indians' sexual dimorphism, differences between northern and southern Indians, index-based differences of Indian males ...
Archunan Govindaraju - - 2012
The determination of the reproductive status is one of the most important factors foreffective wild life conservation and management, and effective use of assisted reproductive techniques like artificial insemination, in-vitro fertilization/embryo transfer depends on the knowledge of the basic reproductive physiology. In this context the reproductive status of female blackbucks ...
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