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Mantis Panagiotis P Department of Clinical Science and Services, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, UK; Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Thessaly, Trikalon Street 224, GR-43100, Karditsa, - - 2014
The ultrasonographic appearance of the normal canine haired skin examined using high-frequency ultrasonography has not been described. To describe the echogenicity of normal canine haired skin using high-frequency (50 MHz) ultrasonography and to compare ultrasonographic with histological measurements of skin thickness using snap-frozen tissue biopsy samples. Ten normal healthy beagle dogs. ...
Ponnaiyan Deepa D Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, S.R.M Dental College & Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India-600089, Tel: +91-9884358568; e-mail: - - 2014
Aim: Melanin pigmentation of the gingiva occurs in all ethnicities. Excessive pigmentation is an esthetic concern that has increased awareness about de pigmentation procedures. The purpose of the present study was to correlate skin color and gender with intensity and distribution of gingival melanin pigmentation in a group of South ...
Atkins Hannah M HM Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine, College Station, Texas, - - 2014
Female vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus) are used as an experimental model for chronic diseases relevant to women's health. However, reproductive senescence (menopause) has not yet been characterized for vervet monkeys. Here we describe the histologic, hormonal, and menstrual markers of reproductive senescence in vervet monkeys from the Wake Forest ...
Zhang Ming M College of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, - - 2014
Sarcophaga (Sarcorohdendorfia) gracilior (Chen, 1975) is documented from specimens collected in Hubei Province, China, using morphological characters and wing interference patterns (WIPs). The female of S. (S.) gracilior is described for the first time, the male is redescribed, and both sexes are photographed. The distribution of the species is updated.
Thakur Arpita Rai AR Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi, - - 2013
This study was performed to evaluate the general anatomy and morphology of the nasopalatine canal using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to determine the human anatomic variability of the nasopalatine canal in relation to age and gender. The study included 100 subjects aged between 20 and 86 years who were ...
Parfitt Geraint J - - 2013
Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is frequent with aging and is the primary cause of dry eye disease, the most prevalent ocular complaint. We used a novel 3-D reconstruction technique, immunofluorescent computed tomography (ICT), to characterize meibomian gland keratinization and cell proliferation in a mouse model of age-related meibomian gland dysfunction ...
Bentov Itay - - 2013
Age-related changes in skin contribute to impaired wound healing after surgical procedures. Changes in skin with age include decline in thickness and composition, a decrease in the number of most cell types, and diminished microcirculation. The microcirculation provides tissue perfusion, fluid homeostasis, and delivery of oxygen and other nutrients. It ...
Sousa Joana - - 2013
Our study concerns local knowledge and perceptions of chimpanzees among farming communities within Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau. We submitted a survey questionnaire to 100 people living in four villages in the Park to enquire about their knowledge of chimpanzee ecology and human-chimpanzee interactions. Local farmers live in close contact with ...
Ferreira Flávia Regina - - 2013
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of cancer in humans. To identify the epidemiology of basal cell carcinoma in Taubaté-SP and verify a possible association between topography and the different histological subtypes of this tumor. This was a cross-sectional study conducted at The University Hospital of Taubaté between ...
Ozçelik D - - 2013
Transverse facial cleft is a very rare malformation. The Tessier no. 7 cleft is a lateral facial cleft which emanates from oral cavity and extends towards the tragus, involving both soft tissue and skeletal components. Here, we present a case having transverse facial cleft, accessory mandible having teeth, absent parotid ...
Mori Kanji K From the Departments of *Orthopaedic Surgery and †Medical Statistics, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa-cho, Seta, Otsu, Shiga, - - 2013
A cross-sectional study. To gain an insight for the prevalence, morphology, and distribution of thoracic ossification of the yellow ligament (OYL) by computed tomography (CT) and review of the literature. The epidemiology and etiology of OYL remains obscure. To date, to the best of our knowledge, there is no study ...
Richards Frank O - - 2013
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) in rural southeastern Nigeria is transmitted mainly by Anopheles spp. mosquitoes. Potential coinfection with Loa loa in this area has prevented use of ivermectin in the mass drug administration (MDA) strategy for LF elimination because of potential severe adverse L. loa-related reactions. This study determined if long-lasting ...
Pepe Daniel - - 2013
The matricellular protein galectin-3 (Gal-3) is upregulated in excisional skin repair in rats where it has been shown to modulate the inflammatory phase of repair. Recent research into kidney pathology has implicated Gal-3 as a receptor for advanced glycation end products (AGE), resulting in the binding and clearance of these ...
Li Xi - - 2013
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The varying influence of multiple factors (e.g., aging, sex, season, skin care habits) on skin structure and function necessitates study within ethnic groups to fully characterize their skin. METHODS: Men and women aged 40-50 years (n = 43) and their consanguineous same-sex children, aged 18-25 years (n = 43), living in Chengdu, China were enrolled ...
Jha Awadhesh N - - 2013
Abstract Marine bivalves (Mytilus sp.) were exposed to titanium dioxide (10 mg L-1) either as engineered nanoparticles (nTiO2; fresh, or aged under simulated sunlight for 7 d) or the bulk equivalent. ICP-OES analyses of mussel tissues showed higher accumulation (>10-fold) in the digestive gland compared to gills. Nano-sized TiO2 showed ...
Kubo Mizuho - - 2013
Several studies have reported the mechanism of crack propagation with aging. Although structural modifications of dentinal microcracks with aging have been evaluated by observing the cracked surface using scanning electron microscope (SEM), very few attempts have been made at sectional observation of the microcracks inside dentine using transmission electron microscopy ...
Apoznanski Wojciech - - 2013
PURPOSE: The authors analysed the distribution of c-kit-positive interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) in obstructed ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) and its age-related changes. METHODS: Twenty specimens were obtained from children with intrinsic ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), at the average age of 8.1 years (8 months-16.8 years), fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin. Five ...
Abbiss Chris R - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the distribution of pace self-selected by cyclists of varying ability, biological age and sex performing in a mountain bike World Championship event. Data were collected on cyclists performing in the Elite Male (ELITEmale; n = 75), Elite Female (ELITEfemale; n = 50), Under 23 Male ...
Saito Naoko - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To study age-related characteristics of T1 and T2 relaxation times and volume of the major salivary glands. METHODS: Thirty-five subjects (0.5-87 years old) with normal salivary glands were imaged with mixed turbo spin-echo pulse sequences at 1.5-T magnetic resonance units. Bilateral parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands were segmented manually. ...
Fadeju A D - - 2013
Background: Since the introduction of cephalometry, numerous studies have established normal values for Caucasian populations. In Africa, most investigations have established norms and ethnic variations associated with the skeletal pattern. To date, there has been no study comparing soft tissue patterns among adolescents in the West African sub-region. Objectives: The ...
Muralidharan Dhanya - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Animal studies have shown thyroid dysfunction affects salivary gland functioning, however conclusive human studies are lacking. We sought to assess the qualitative and quantitative changes in saliva among subjects with thyroid dysfunction prior to and following treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal observational study of 153 newly diagnosed subjects ...
Hechtman Jaclyn Frances - - 2013
AIMS: The purposes of this study are to (1) document the prevalence of intracytoplasmic inclusions adjacent to ileal well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (WNETs), (2) examine whether and how tumour and patient characteristics are associated with inclusions and (3) investigate their properties on special stains and electron microscopy in comparison with corpora ...
Otte Rik J RJ Department of Biophysics, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The - - 2013
Several studies have attributed deterioration of sound localization in the horizontal (azimuth) and vertical (elevation) planes to an age-related decline in binaural processing and high-frequency hearing loss (HFHL). The latter might underlie decreased elevation performance of older adults. However, as the pinnae keep growing throughout life, we hypothesized that larger ...
Bunker Brittany - - 2013
Abstract Populations of several species of gregarine parasites within a single host species, the damselfly Ischnura verticalis, were examined over the course of 1 season at 4 geographic localities separated by a maximum distance of 9.7 km. Gregarines, having a life cycle with both exogenous and endogenous stages, are subject ...
Pall José Luis - - 2013
Eight genera and 13 species of the tribe Acanthocerini are recorded in Argentina, i.e., Athaumastus haematicus (Stål), Athaumastus macer Brailovsky, Athaumastus subcarinatus (Stål), Athaumastus subterlineatus Bergroth, Beutelspacoris sanchezi Brailovsky, Beutelspacoris dilatata Casini, Camptischium clavipes (Fabricius), Crinocerus sanctus (Fabricius), Dersagrena flaviventris (Berg), Dersagrena lacerdae (Signoret), Dersagrena subfoveolata (Berg), Thlastocoris hernandezi Brailovsky ...
Wang Ling - - 2013
The relationship between adipose and bone tissues is still being debated. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether the distribution and volume of abdomen adipose tissue are correlated to trabecular bone mineral density in the lumbar spine. In this cross-sectional study, 320 Chinese women, being divided into two ...
Andreescu Claudia Florina CF Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dental Medicine, "Titu Maiorescu" University, Bucharest, Romania; - - 2013
Oral mucosa becomes thinner, smooth and looses stippling aspect with aging. From histological standpoint appears: narrowing and alteration of gingival epithelium, modification of epithelial-connective interface and decreasing of keratinization. However, it cannot be detected significant histological alterations in size, shape or arrangement of epithelial cells that could be endorsed to ...
Fent Meral M Trakya University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, 22030 Edirne, - - 2013
Graphosoma inexpectatum Carapezza & Jindra, 2008 is described from Syria, the southern neighbor of Turkey, and is known only from the type locality. The first observation of the species in Turkey dates back to 1995 with two females obtained from the provinces of Gaziantep (Şehitkamil-Aktoprak) and Adana (Pozantı-Bürücek Plateau). These ...
Durai Priya Cinna - - 2012
Skin is a window to aging changes, a biological reality. There is a dearth of studies regarding the various chronological (intrinsic) aging and photoaging (extrinsic) changes seen in Asians. This study was undertaken to detect the clinical pattern of aging skin changes and dermatoses seen in the elderly. This was ...
Bersenev Alexey A Division of Hematology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4318, - - 2012
Upon aging, the number of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the bone marrow increases while their repopulation potential declines. Moreover, aged HSCs exhibit lineage bias in reconstitution experiments with an inclination toward myeloid at the expense of lymphoid potential. The adaptor protein Lnk is an important negative regulator of HSC ...
Ennibi K - - 2012
This prospective study examined malaria among United Nations troops participating in Operation MONUC in the town of Bunia in the Democratic Republic of Congo from April through October, 2005. Of 245 soldiers hospitalized, 105 were diagnosed with malaria, 93.6% with Plasmodium falciparum. All but one were men, and their median ...
Nseir William - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between recurrent group A streptococcal (GAS) tonsillopharyngitis and serum 25-hydroxy (25(OH)) vitamin D among adult subjects. METHODS: Adult patients with tonsillopharyngitis between January 2007 and December 2009 were reviewed and identified retrospectively. Cases with a medical history of recurrent GAS tonsillopharyngitis were compared to age- ...
Parés-Casanova P M - - 2012
Among the numerous bovine pelvic traits displaying sex differences, no detailed studies of bovine obturator foramen are available in the veterinary literature. The purpose of this work was to study quantitatively this structure using lineal biometrics, shape indexes and Fourier analysis. The material consisted of 60 hemicoxae belonging to young ...
Demir Mehmet - - 2012
Background: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with cardiovascular disease such as coronary artery disease, heart failure, and hypertension. Vitamin D deficiency activates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which affects the cardiovascular system. For this reason, it could be suggested that there is a relationship between vitamin D deficiency and atrial fibrillation (AF). ...
Loha Eskindir - - 2012
We assessed potential effects of local meteorological and environmental conditions, indoor residual spraying with insecticides, insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) use at individual and community levels, and individual factors on Plasmodium falciparum malaria incidence in a village in south Ethiopia. A cohort of 8,121 people was followed for 101 weeks with active ...
Manderbacka K - - 2012
SUMMARY This cohort study examines trends in pneumonia mortality in Finland and the effects of a WHO recommendation restricting the registering of pneumonia as the underlying cause of death (COD) for several chronic diseases. All cases having pneumonia in any COD fields in 2000-2008 were extracted from the COD statistics. ...
Ezeh Alex C - - 2012
Rapid population growth is a threat to wellbeing in the poorest countries, whereas very low fertility increasingly threatens the future welfare of many developed countries. The mapping of global trends in population growth from 2005-10 shows four distinct patterns. Most of the poorest countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, are characterised ...
van Asten Liselotte - - 2012
Background. As there may be substantial hidden mortality caused by common seasonal pathogens, we estimated the number of deaths in the elderly attributable to viruses and bacteria for which robust weekly laboratory surveillance data were available.Methods. On weekly time series (1999-2007) we used regression models to associate total death counts in individuals ...
Kanan Raed M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate vitamin D status among female out-patients in Saudi Arabia during the summer and winter seasons. DESIGN: Data were retrospectively collected using medical record abstraction. SETTING: A multidisciplinary hospital in Riyadh between January and December 2009. SUBJECTS: Saudi females (age ≥19 ...
Labbo R - - 2012
Malaria transmission was monitored in two villages in the Sahel zone of Niger over 4 years. During this period, a nationwide vector control programme was carried out in which insecticide-treated bednets were distributed free to mothers of children aged <5 years. Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) were found ...
Santos Itamar S - - 2012
Aim:  Anemia is a prevalent condition in older people, and associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Previous studies identified various causes of anemia in this population. We aimed to determine the frequency and main causes of persistent or recurrent anemia in participants 2 years after their inclusion in the São Paulo ...
Li Jian-sheng - - 2012
To identify prognostic factors in middle-aged and elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) who underwent integrated interventions involving traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and modern medicine. Patients aged > or =45 years and diagnosed with CAP were divided into a middle-aged cohort (45-59 years) and an elderly cohort (> or =60 ...
Jaenisch Thomas - - 2012
The causative factors for severe anemia incidence in sub-Saharan Africa are multifactorial. In an observational, longitudinal study of two cohorts of about 300 infants followed-up for six months in a malaria hyperendemic area, the risk factors for severe anemia incidence were clinical malaria and pneumonia, which outweighed nutritional and sociodemographic ...
Crouter Scott E - - 2012
Iron deficiency affects approximately 16% of US females 18-45 years old. Iron is a key component of heme-containing proteins, which are essential for oxygen transport throughout the body. With low iron levels, performance and intense physical activity may be compromised. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship ...
Miyashita Naoyuki - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: This study evaluated the accuracy and usefulness of the Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS) scoring system, a rapid and simple tool for the diagnosis of atypical pneumonia. Using the JRS scoring system it was difficult to distinguish between atypical pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia in the elderly (≥60 ...
Wongprachum Kasama - - 2012
Background and Aims: The study aimed to determine the proportion of iron deficiency (ID) anemia (IDA) among vegans in northeast Thailand and to explore whether mathematical formulas derived from red blood cell (RBC) indices are applicable for IDA screening in the study population. Methods: Blood samples from 234 individuals (age ...
Siaperas Panagiotis P Cambridge Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Group, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. - - 2012
The aims of this study were to investigate whether individuals with AS have impaired motor abilities and sensorimotor processing and whether these impairments were age-related. Sensorimotor abilities were examined using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2, and the Sensory Integration Praxis Test. Fifty boys with AS aged 7-14 years old were ...
Boyd Angela R - - 2012
Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are the first immune cells to respond to an invading pathogen and coordinate the inflammatory response within the lungs. Studies suggest that macrophages exhibit age-related deficiencies in Toll-like receptor (TLR) function; however, the impact of this dysfunction during pneumonia, the leading cause of infectious death in the ...
Mohanty Suman Sundar - - 2012
Malaria parasite requires a specific time to replicate and disseminate in the mosquito's body before transmission to naïve hosts can occur. Vector control has a proven record in the prevention and control of malaria. The evaluation of vector control strategies requires accurate methods of predicting mosquito age. Anopheles stephensi is ...
van der Mei Ingrid A F - - 2012
Objective:  This study aims to describe the life-time picture of vitamin D deficiency, as measured by serum 25(OH)D concentration, in Tasmania (latitude 43°S). Methods:  Five cross-sectional studies were used: A sample of primary school children (n=201, aged 7-8 years), two samples of adolescents (sample 1: n=374, aged 15-18 years; sample ...
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