Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 4136
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Peterson Bill E BE Smith - - 2014
Three different methods (a standardized scale, observer-based Q-sort, and content coding of narratives) were used to study the continuity of authoritarianism longitudinally in emerging and young adults. Authoritarianism was assessed in a Canadian sample (N = 92) of men and women at ages 19 and 32 with Altemeyer's (1996) RWA ...
Marshall Simon S Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare estimates of sedentary time on weekdays vs. weekend days in older adults and determine if these patterns vary by measurement method. Older adults (N = 230, M = 83.5, SD = 6.5 years) living in retirement communities completed a questionnaire about sedentary ...
Penna Vincenzo V Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery, University of Freiburg Medical Center, Hugstetterstrasse 55, 79106, Freiburg, - - 2014
Although perioral aging is highly individual with several distinct processes taking part simultaneously, there is scarce systematic information which helps to indicate the right rejuvenation approach among the multitude of proposed procedures. Existing data about perioral aging has not yet been transformed into a consistent therapeutic concept. The intention of ...
Filippidis George G 1Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser,Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas,PO Box 1527,Heraklion - - 2014
The present work investigates the applicability of nonlinear imaging microscopy for the precise assessment of degradation of the outer protective layers of painted artworks as a function of depth due to aging. Two fresh and artificially aged triterpenoid varnishes, dammar and mastic, were tested. Nonlinear imaging techniques have been employed ...
Ng Lorraine L From the *Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, NYP Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York; and †Division of Emergency Ultrasound, Department of Emergency Medicine, St. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, - - 2014
There are limited data on the sonographic evaluation of normative physeal plate measurements in healthy, uninjured children. This study aimed to determine baseline measurements in physeal plate widths and to assess variation in the measured widths among contralateral sides, age group, and sex in healthy, uninjured children. This was a ...
Markwick William J WJ Centre for Exercise and Sport Science Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western - - 2014
To evaluate the reliability of the reactive strength index (RSI) and jump height (JH) performance from multiple drop heights in an elite population. Thirteen professional basketball players (mean ±SD: age 25.8 ± 3.5 y, height 1.96 ± 0.07 m, mass 94.8 ± 8.2 kg) completed 3 maximal drop jump attempts ...
Zhong Yuan Y a Department of Gerontology , Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital , Shanghai , PR - - 2014
Objectives: To investigate the relationship between glycated albumin (GA) to glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ratio and cognitive impairment in old age. Diabetes is associated with cognitive impairment in older people. However, the link between elevated GA/HbA1c levels and the risk of cognitive impairment in nondiabetic individuals is unclear. Methods: A cross-sectional ...
Bak-Nielsen Sashia S Department of Ophthalmology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
To assess the repeatability, reproducibility, and age dependency of dynamic Scheimpflug-based pneumotonometry (Corvis)-generated parameters and their correlation with dynamic bidirectional pneumotonometry device [Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA)] measurements [corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor (CRF)]. Eyes of 29 healthy participants between 20 and 30 years old were measured using Corvis ...
Butler Stephen M - - 2014
Investigating the impact of "off-line" cognitive structures on the broad range of antisocial behaviors shown by young people has been hampered by the absence of psychometrically robust measures of antisocial cognitions. This study evaluates the psychometric properties of the Antisocial Beliefs and Attitudes Scale (ABAS), a developmentally sensitive measure of ...
Rice Kelly K Department of Physical Activity and Health, Eastern Oregon University, La Grande, - - 2014
The OMNI Perceived Exertion Scale was developed for children to report perceived effort while performing physical activity; however no studies have formally examined age-related differences in validity. This study evaluated the validity of the OMNI-RPE in four age groups performing a range of lifestyle activities. 206 participants were stratified into ...
Santangelo Gabriella G Department of Psychology, Second University of Naples, Viale Ellittico 31, 81100, Caserta, Italy, - - 2014
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a rapid screening battery, also including subtests to assess frontal functions such as set-shifting, abstraction and cognitive flexibility. MoCA seems to be useful to identify non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and subcortical dementia; it has high sensitivity and specificity in distinguishing MCI from mild ...
Bhuvanakrishna Thakshyanee T MRC Centre for Transplantation and Renal Unit, Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, King's College Academic Health Partners, London, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the usefulness of three GFR-estimating equations (eGFR) compared with measured GFR (mGFR) in potential living kidney donors. We compared the performance of the MDRD, CKD-Epi and Cockcroft-Gault equations with mGFR measured using (51)Cr-EDTA in 508 consecutive potential living kidney donors. Each equation ...
Fitzgerald Liam L 1Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 2Institute of Sport & Exercise Science, University of Worcester, Worcestershire, United - - 2014
The exercise vital sign (EVS) and general practice physical activity questionnaire (GPPAQ) are questionnaires designed for clinical settings to identify individuals who are not meeting physical activity (PA) guidelines in the United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK), respectively. To date, neither has been objectively validated. Subjects (N=76) from the ...
Kaliontzopoulou Antigoni A CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Campus Agrário de Vairão, Rua Padre Armando Quintas, Nº 7, 4485-661, Vairão, Vila do Conde, Portugal; Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, 50011, - - 2014
Understanding how phenotypic diversity evolves is a major interest of evolutionary biology. Habitat use is an important factor in the evolution of phenotypic diversity of many animal species. Interestingly, male and female phenotypes have been frequently shown to respond differently to environmental variation. At the macroevolutionary level, this difference between ...
Bezdjian Serena S Department of Psychology, University of Southern - - 2014
In the present study, we investigated genetic and environmental effects on motor impulsivity from childhood to late adolescence using a longitudinal sample of twins from ages 9 to 18 years. Motor impulsivity was assessed using errors of commission (no-go errors) in a visual go/no-go task at 4 time points: ages ...
Shega Joseph W JW VITAS Innovative Hospice Care, Maitland, Florida. - - 2014
To describe the development of a multidimensional test of cognition for the National Social life, Health and Aging Project (NSHAP), the Chicago Cognitive Function Measure (CCFM). CCFM development included 3 steps: (a) A pilot test of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) to create a standard protocol, choose specific items, reorder ...
Huisingh-Scheetz Megan M Section of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, University of Chicago, Illinois. - - 2014
The geriatric functional measures and syndromes collected 5 years apart in Waves 1 and 2 of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) data set included: difficulty with activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living, the timed up and go, a 3-m timed walk, repeated ...
Bout-Tabaku Sharon S From the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Rheumatology, Nationwide Children's Hospital; the Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio; Department of Pediatrics, Division of Rheumatology, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Division of Nephrology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; the Lewin Group, Falls Church, Virginia, USA. Supported by the American College of Rheumatology Research and Education Foundation and National Institutes of Health (NIH) T32-AR07442-23. Robert I. Berkowitz discloses that data from the sibutramine trial were supported in part by grant DK054713 from the NIH, and from the Clinical and Translational Research Center at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, by grants UL1RR024134 (National Center for Research Resources) and UL1TR000003 (National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences). Knoll Pharmaceutical Co. and Abbott Laboratory provided an unrestricted educational grant that was used to support a postdoctoral fellow and several student research assistants involved in the sibutramine trial. Neither Knoll Pharmaceutical Co. nor Abbott Laboratories contributed to the design and conduct, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data, or in the preparation, review, or approval of manuscripts pertaining to the sibutramine data. S. Bout-Tabaku, MD, MSc, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Rheumatology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, and the Ohio State University College of Medicine; J. Shults, PhD, Associate Professor of Biostatistics, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, B.S. Zemel, PhD, Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; M.B. Leonard, MD, MSCE, Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; R.I. Berkowitz, MD, Professor of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine; N. Stettler, MD, MSCE, Managing Consultant, the Lewin Group; J.M. Burnham, MD, MSCE, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Rheumatology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Address correspondence to Dr. S. Bout-Tabaku, Pediatric Rheumatology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, Ohio 43205, USA. E-mail: sharon.bout-tabaku@nationwidechildrens.org. Accepted for publication September 3, - - 2014
In adults, osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with obesity and knee alignment. Whether knee alignment differences develop during childhood and are associated with obesity is unknown. We assessed the distribution of knee alignment in children and adolescents, and determined how knee alignment differs between obese and nonobese children. This cross-sectional study ...
Canavese F F CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Department of Pediatric Surgery, 1 Place Lucie et Raymond Aubrac, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2014
Assessment of skeletal age is important in children's orthopaedics. We compared two simplified methods used in the assessment of skeletal age. Both methods have been described previously with one based on the appearance of the epiphysis at the olecranon and the other on the digital epiphyses. We also investigated the ...
Xiao Nianzhou N Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
Determine objective measures of kidney function and analyze factors associated with kidney dysfunction in severely obese adolescents undergoing weight loss surgery were described. Cross-sectional data from 242 adolescent participants in the Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (Teen-LABS) study before weight loss surgery were analyzed. Kidney status was assessed by measuring ...
Bindushree Appagere Ramaiah - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between embrasure morphology and central papilla recession. The central papilla was assessed in 372 adults using standardized periapical radiographs of the maxillary central incisors. The following vertical distances were measured: h1, papilla tip to contact point (PT-CP); h2, proximal cementoenamel ...
de Jongh E E Orthoptic Department, Rotterdam Eye Hospital , the Netherlands - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the inter-examiner variability and agreement of the alternate prism cover test (APCT) measurements of strabismus at near and distance fixation performed by 4 examiners. Methods: Forty-one participants (median age 12 years, range 3-74) with horizontal strabismus completed APCT measurements at near (1/3 m) and distance (5 m) fixation. ...
Guerra R S RS 1] Departamento de Bioquímica, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal [2] Unidade de Integração de Sistemas e Processos Automatizados, Instituto de Engenharia Mecânica (UISPA-IDMEC), Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal [3] Unidade de Nutrição, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:There is increasing evidence showing that handgrip strength (HGS) is an indicator of nutrition status and a promising undernutrition screening tool. However, HGS cutoff values for inpatient undernutrition screening remain to be studied. The present study aims to define gender- and age-specific HGS cutoff values for undernutrition screening of hospitalized ...
Gambazza Simone S Cystic Fibrosis Centre, Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Via della Commenda 9, 20122, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
To evaluate the bias and precision of the respiratory muscle training device formulas to predict respiratory minute volume (RMV) and volume of the reservoir bag (BV) on a cohort of subjects with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). CF patients with available pulmonary function tests and maximal voluntary manoeuvres were included in the ...
Rezende Barbosa Marianne Penachini da Costa de MP Universidade Estadual Paulista - FCT/UNESP, Presidente Prudente, SP, - - 2014
The Polar(®) RS800G3(™) rate monitor was released in the market to replace the Polar(®) S810i(™) , and few studies have assessed that the RR series obtained by this equipment is reliable for analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). We compared HRV indexes among the devices Polar(®) RS800G3(™) , Polar(®) S810i(™) ...
Takács Mária M MÁV Hospital Department of Orthopaedics, Verseghy Street 6-8, 5000, Szolnok, Hungary, - - 2014
In children's posture examinations the question often arises whether an X-ray examination is necessary or appropriate. On screening and in other cases when X-ray is contraindicated, alternative-non-invasive-examinations are available. To measure the shapes of the children's spines beside the Spinal Mouse also the Zebris ultrasound-based spine measuring instrument is accessible ...
Liao Jing - - 2014
The extent to which social relationships influence cognitive aging is unclear. In this study, we investigated the association of midlife quality of close relationships with subsequent cognitive decline. Participants in the Whitehall II Study (n = 5,873; ages 45-69 years at first cognitive assessment) underwent executive function and memory tests ...
Rabin Alon A Department of Physical Therapy, Ariel University, - - 2014
Context :  In clinical practice, the range of motion (ROM) of the noninvolved side often serves as the reference for comparison with the injured side. Previous investigations of non-weight-bearing (NWB) ankle dorsiflexion (DF) ROM measurements have indicated bilateral symmetry for the most part. Less is known about ankle DF measured ...
Thrul Johannes J Institut für Therapieforschung, Munich, - - 2014
Background: In this paper we describe a novel Internet-based cell phone-optimized assessment technique (ICAT) to conduct an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) study. Participants could access the assessment instrument via the web browsers of their mobile phones. Methods: We report results from 92 young adult smokers (18-25 years old) who completed ...
Hibberd Elizabeth E - - 2014
Abstract Background: Pubertal development status has implications for development of physical characteristics, performance, and injury risk in school-aged athletes. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of non-invasive measures of biological maturity to predict salivary free testosterone. Participants: A total of 61 physically active males (ages ...
Wong Kai-Pun KP Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
Although transcutaneous laryngeal ultrasound (TLUSG) is an excellent, noninvasive way to assess vocal cord (VC) function after thyroidectomy, some patients simply have "un-assessable" or "inaccurate" examination. Our study evaluated what patient and surgical factors affected assessability and/or accuracy of postoperative TLUSG. Five hundred eighty-one consecutive patients were analyzed. All TLUSGs ...
Phyland Debra J DJ Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Vic., - - 2014
Overview: Working music theater singers (MTS) typically have a heavy vocal load and little is known about their perception of vocal function. The Evaluation of the Ability to Sing Easily (EASE) was used to assess professional MTS' perceptions of current singing voice status and to compare scores across demographic and ...
Saladin Michael E ME Department of Health Sciences and Research Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) Clinical Neuroscience Division, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, MUSC - - 2014
INTRODUCTION We previously reported that female smokers evidence greater subjective craving and stress/emotional reactivity to personalized stress cues than males. The present study employed the same data set to assess whether females in the follicular vs. luteal phase of the menstrual cycle accounted for the gender differences. METHODS Two objective ...
Bongers Kim T J KT Department of Geriatric Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
falling is a major health problem. to investigate the predictive value for falls of the maximum step length and gait speed. a prospective cohort study. geriatric outpatient clinic. three hundred and fifty-two community-dwelling older persons screened by their general practitioner. maximum step length and gait speed were recorded as part ...
Ahmed Fayeza S FS a Department of Psychology , Eastern Illinois University , Charleston , IL , - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine proverb interpretation performance and functional independence in older adults. From the limited literature on proverb interpretation in aging and its conceptualization as an executive function, it was hypothesized that proverb interpretation would be related to functional independence similar to other executive functions. ...
Glaviano Neal R NR *Department of Kinesiology, Exercise and Sport Injury Laboratory, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia; †Saint Anne's Belfield School, Charlottesville, Virginia; Departments of ‡Neurology; and §Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Science, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia; and ¶Department of Human Services Kinesiology Program Area, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, - - 2014
To compare baseline scores of middle and high school students on the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) by sex and age. Cross-sectional study. Single private school athletic program. Three hundred sixty-one middle and high school student-athletes. Preseason SCAT2 was administered to student-athletes before athletic participation. Total SCAT2 score, symptoms, ...
Uijtdewilligen Léonie - - 2014
Young adults face radical life changes regarding residence, marriage, family and work that may negatively impact their health behaviours. Therefore, we investigated the associations of the number of daily hassles and life events and their subjective appraisal with physical activity and screen time in young adulthood. Data came from participants ...
Quick Virginia V Department of Health Sciences, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA; At the time this research was conducted, Dr Quick was at Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined associations between college students' self-report and measured height and weight. Participants (N = 1,686) were 77% white, 62% female, aged 18-24 years (mean ± SD, 19.1 ± 1.1 years), and enrolled at 8 US universities. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated for self-report (via online survey); trained ...
Hayama Koremasa K Division of Cutaneous Science, Department of Dermatology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Dermatology, Tokiwadaira Central Hospital, Matsudo, - - 2014
With the increasing elderly population in Japan, skin problems have become a greater concern. A heparinoid-containing moisturiser is frequently used in Japan, but there is a lack of evidence for its efficacy in treating senile xerosis. To determine whether there is a correlation between age and the hydration state of ...
Marini M M Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Section of Anatomy and Histology,University of Florence, Florence, Italy - - - 2014
Regular and structured physical activity is known to be effective in preventing and/or reducing the physical and mental decline associated with aging. Indeed, such usefulness of physical activity has been associated with the concept of "successful aging". The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible physical and ...
Haapala Heidi H From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the agreement between actual height or segmental length and estimated height from segmental measures among individuals with cerebral palsy. A convenience sample of 137 children and young adults with cerebral palsy (age 2-25 yrs) were recruited from a tertiary care center. Height, ...
Giromini Luciano L a California School of Professional Psychology , Alliant International - - 2014
The Developmental Index (DI) has recently been introduced as a composite Rorschach measure of psychological development and maturation, which can be used both with the Comprehensive System (Exner, 2003), and with the recently developed Rorschach Performance Assessment System (Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, & Erdberg, 2011). As the DI is new, ...
Xu Yin Y School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, People's Republic of - - 2014
To explore the 2D:4D in China (mainland and Taiwan) and to analyze the influences of ethnicity, digit measurement methods, age, and latitude on Chinese 2D:4D. We here conducted a meta-analysis of the results of 28 studies. A total of 112 independent samples and 19,093 participants were included. The sex difference ...
Beumer Annechien - - 2014
Grip strength correlates with personal factors such as gender, age and nutritional status and has a good inter-rater reliability. It reflects fairly well how much people can use their hands.The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Outcome Measure 3 is a 30-item, self-report, questionnaire that reflects the patients' ...
Hayat A A Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Surgery, Harran University, Şanlıurfa, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to determine the applicability of the phenol red thread (PRT) test as a new method for the evaluation of tear secretion in healthy male and female pigeons, to establish normal physiologic reference values in these animals, and to compare seasonal variations in these values. ...
Sabia Séverine S Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
To examine cumulative associations between midlife health behaviors and walking speed and upper-limb strength in early old age. Prospective cohort study. Whitehall II Study. Individuals (mean age 49.1 ± 5.9 in 1991-93) with health behavior data for at least two of the three assessments (1991-93, 1997-99, 2002-04) and physical functioning measures in ...
Park Kwang-Won KW *Institute for Rare Diseases and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Korea University Medical Center, Guro Hospital, Seoul †Pohang St.Mary's Hospital, Pohang, - - 2014
Determining the skeletal age in patients with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is essential for predicting the adult height and guiding the timing of limb lengthening, epiphysiodesis, and other surgical procedures. In the present study, we examined the patterns of skeletal age delay using 3 different methods, the Greulich-Pyle (GP) atlas ...
Pechorro Pedro P University of Minho (UM), Braga, Portugal - - 2014
The main aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) among a sample of incarcerated male Portuguese juvenile offenders (N = 221). Based on this sample, the Portuguese version of the ICU demonstrated promising psychometric properties, namely, in terms of ...
Hager J J Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden - - - 2014
Screening 65-year-old men for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) reduces mortality from ruptured AAA (rAAA). Lower than expected prevalence of AAA is now found, why screening at a higher age and rescreening has been discussed. Our aim was to determine if screening at 70 years of age, instead of 65, increases ...
Whitaker L - - 2014
To enable preventive measures to be designed, it is important to identify modifiable distal and proximal factors underlying doping behavior. This study investigated aspects of the prototype willingness model in relation to doping. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 729 competitive athletes. Following ethical approval, athletes (mean age = 28.8 ± 10.1 years; 63% male) ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >