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Takács Mária M MÁV Hospital Department of Orthopaedics, Verseghy Street 6-8, 5000, Szolnok, Hungary, - - 2014
In children's posture examinations the question often arises whether an X-ray examination is necessary or appropriate. On screening and in other cases when X-ray is contraindicated, alternative-non-invasive-examinations are available. To measure the shapes of the children's spines beside the Spinal Mouse also the Zebris ultrasound-based spine measuring instrument is accessible ...
Liao Jing - - 2014
The extent to which social relationships influence cognitive aging is unclear. In this study, we investigated the association of midlife quality of close relationships with subsequent cognitive decline. Participants in the Whitehall II Study (n = 5,873; ages 45-69 years at first cognitive assessment) underwent executive function and memory tests ...
Rabin Alon A Department of Physical Therapy, Ariel University, - - 2014
Context :  In clinical practice, the range of motion (ROM) of the noninvolved side often serves as the reference for comparison with the injured side. Previous investigations of non-weight-bearing (NWB) ankle dorsiflexion (DF) ROM measurements have indicated bilateral symmetry for the most part. Less is known about ankle DF measured ...
Thrul Johannes J Institut für Therapieforschung, Munich, - - 2014
Background: In this paper we describe a novel Internet-based cell phone-optimized assessment technique (ICAT) to conduct an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) study. Participants could access the assessment instrument via the web browsers of their mobile phones. Methods: We report results from 92 young adult smokers (18-25 years old) who completed ...
Wong Kai-Pun KP Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
Although transcutaneous laryngeal ultrasound (TLUSG) is an excellent, noninvasive way to assess vocal cord (VC) function after thyroidectomy, some patients simply have "un-assessable" or "inaccurate" examination. Our study evaluated what patient and surgical factors affected assessability and/or accuracy of postoperative TLUSG. Five hundred eighty-one consecutive patients were analyzed. All TLUSGs ...
Phyland Debra J DJ Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Vic., - - 2014
Overview: Working music theater singers (MTS) typically have a heavy vocal load and little is known about their perception of vocal function. The Evaluation of the Ability to Sing Easily (EASE) was used to assess professional MTS' perceptions of current singing voice status and to compare scores across demographic and ...
Saladin Michael E ME Department of Health Sciences and Research Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) Clinical Neuroscience Division, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, MUSC - - 2014
INTRODUCTION We previously reported that female smokers evidence greater subjective craving and stress/emotional reactivity to personalized stress cues than males. The present study employed the same data set to assess whether females in the follicular vs. luteal phase of the menstrual cycle accounted for the gender differences. METHODS Two objective ...
Bongers Kim T J KT Department of Geriatric Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
falling is a major health problem. to investigate the predictive value for falls of the maximum step length and gait speed. a prospective cohort study. geriatric outpatient clinic. three hundred and fifty-two community-dwelling older persons screened by their general practitioner. maximum step length and gait speed were recorded as part ...
Ahmed Fayeza S FS a Department of Psychology , Eastern Illinois University , Charleston , IL , - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine proverb interpretation performance and functional independence in older adults. From the limited literature on proverb interpretation in aging and its conceptualization as an executive function, it was hypothesized that proverb interpretation would be related to functional independence similar to other executive functions. ...
Glaviano Neal R NR *Department of Kinesiology, Exercise and Sport Injury Laboratory, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia; †Saint Anne's Belfield School, Charlottesville, Virginia; Departments of ‡Neurology; and §Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Science, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia; and ¶Department of Human Services Kinesiology Program Area, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, - - 2014
To compare baseline scores of middle and high school students on the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) by sex and age. Cross-sectional study. Single private school athletic program. Three hundred sixty-one middle and high school student-athletes. Preseason SCAT2 was administered to student-athletes before athletic participation. Total SCAT2 score, symptoms, ...
Uijtdewilligen Léonie - - 2014
Young adults face radical life changes regarding residence, marriage, family and work that may negatively impact their health behaviours. Therefore, we investigated the associations of the number of daily hassles and life events and their subjective appraisal with physical activity and screen time in young adulthood. Data came from participants ...
Quick Virginia V Department of Health Sciences, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA; At the time this research was conducted, Dr Quick was at Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined associations between college students' self-report and measured height and weight. Participants (N = 1,686) were 77% white, 62% female, aged 18-24 years (mean ± SD, 19.1 ± 1.1 years), and enrolled at 8 US universities. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated for self-report (via online survey); trained ...
Hayama Koremasa K Division of Cutaneous Science, Department of Dermatology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Dermatology, Tokiwadaira Central Hospital, Matsudo, - - 2014
With the increasing elderly population in Japan, skin problems have become a greater concern. A heparinoid-containing moisturiser is frequently used in Japan, but there is a lack of evidence for its efficacy in treating senile xerosis. To determine whether there is a correlation between age and the hydration state of ...
Marini M M Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Section of Anatomy and Histology,University of Florence, Florence, Italy - - - 2014
Regular and structured physical activity is known to be effective in preventing and/or reducing the physical and mental decline associated with aging. Indeed, such usefulness of physical activity has been associated with the concept of "successful aging". The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible physical and ...
Haapala Heidi H From the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the agreement between actual height or segmental length and estimated height from segmental measures among individuals with cerebral palsy. A convenience sample of 137 children and young adults with cerebral palsy (age 2-25 yrs) were recruited from a tertiary care center. Height, ...
Giromini Luciano L a California School of Professional Psychology , Alliant International - - 2014
The Developmental Index (DI) has recently been introduced as a composite Rorschach measure of psychological development and maturation, which can be used both with the Comprehensive System (Exner, 2003), and with the recently developed Rorschach Performance Assessment System (Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, & Erdberg, 2011). As the DI is new, ...
Xu Yin Y School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, People's Republic of - - 2014
To explore the 2D:4D in China (mainland and Taiwan) and to analyze the influences of ethnicity, digit measurement methods, age, and latitude on Chinese 2D:4D. We here conducted a meta-analysis of the results of 28 studies. A total of 112 independent samples and 19,093 participants were included. The sex difference ...
Beumer Annechien - - 2014
Grip strength correlates with personal factors such as gender, age and nutritional status and has a good inter-rater reliability. It reflects fairly well how much people can use their hands.The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Outcome Measure 3 is a 30-item, self-report, questionnaire that reflects the patients' ...
Hayat A A Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Surgery, Harran University, Şanlıurfa, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to determine the applicability of the phenol red thread (PRT) test as a new method for the evaluation of tear secretion in healthy male and female pigeons, to establish normal physiologic reference values in these animals, and to compare seasonal variations in these values. ...
Sabia Séverine S Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
To examine cumulative associations between midlife health behaviors and walking speed and upper-limb strength in early old age. Prospective cohort study. Whitehall II Study. Individuals (mean age 49.1 ± 5.9 in 1991-93) with health behavior data for at least two of the three assessments (1991-93, 1997-99, 2002-04) and physical functioning measures in ...
Park Kwang-Won KW *Institute for Rare Diseases and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Korea University Medical Center, Guro Hospital, Seoul †Pohang St.Mary's Hospital, Pohang, - - 2014
Determining the skeletal age in patients with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is essential for predicting the adult height and guiding the timing of limb lengthening, epiphysiodesis, and other surgical procedures. In the present study, we examined the patterns of skeletal age delay using 3 different methods, the Greulich-Pyle (GP) atlas ...
Pechorro Pedro P University of Minho (UM), Braga, Portugal - - 2014
The main aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) among a sample of incarcerated male Portuguese juvenile offenders (N = 221). Based on this sample, the Portuguese version of the ICU demonstrated promising psychometric properties, namely, in terms of ...
Hager J J Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden - - - 2014
Screening 65-year-old men for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) reduces mortality from ruptured AAA (rAAA). Lower than expected prevalence of AAA is now found, why screening at a higher age and rescreening has been discussed. Our aim was to determine if screening at 70 years of age, instead of 65, increases ...
Ieiri Akira A Department of Rehabilitation, Eniwa Hospital, Eniwa City , Hokkaido , Japan - - 2014
Abstract This study aimed to evaluate intrarater and interrater reliability when measuring hip abductor strength in the supine position using a hand-held dynamometer (HHD) (Study 1), and to elucidate the relationships between measured values and examiners' physical characteristics (Study 2). Three healthy examiners (1 female, 24 y.o. and 2 males ...
Chaikeeree Nithinun N Department of Physiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; Division of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Srinakharinwirot University, Nakhonnayok, - - 2014
Clinical Test for Sensory Interaction and Balance (CTSIB) is a simplified method for investigating the organization of multiple sensory inputs in postural control. The accuracy of the test is based partly on the foam types. Several types of foam are available, but the validity of these foams on CTSIB and ...
Rosander Pia P Section of Psychology, Kristianstad University, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to explore the ability of personality to predict academic performance in a longitudinal study of a Swedish upper secondary school sample. Academic performance was assessed throughout a three-year period via final grades from the compulsory school and upper secondary school. The Big Five ...
Lagerburg Vera V Department of Clinical Physics, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, The - - 2014
Introduction: Contact heat-evoked potentials (CHEPs) may be an objective, non-invasive diagnostic tool in small fiber neuropathy (SFN). This study provides CHEP normal values and examines its applicability in SFN patients. Methods: Standardized CHEPs (Medoc(®) , Ramat Yishai, Israel) were administered at the wrist and ankle. The N2 and P2 latencies ...
Kayihan Gurhan G Physical Fitness Department, Personal Nutrition Training Center, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between daily physical activity (PA) level and low back pain (LBP) in young women. Two hundred forty three female, desk-job workers aged 20-40 voluntarily participated in the study. The participants were assessed by the use of Oswestry Disability Index for ...
Snyder Aliyah R AR a Clinical and Health Psychology , University of Florida, College of Public Health and Health Professions , Gainesville , FL 32610 , - - 2014
Recent clinical practice parameters encourage systematic use of concussion surveillance/management tools that evaluate participating athletes at baseline and after concussion. Office-based tools (Sports Concussion Assessment Tool; SCAT2) require accurate baseline assessment to maximize utility but no normative data exist for children on the SCAT2, limiting identification of "normal" or "impaired" ...
Pasterski Vickie V Department of Psychology, Free School Lane, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 3RQ, UK, - - 2014
While reports showing a link between prenatal androgen exposure and human gender role behavior are consistent and the effects are robust, associations to gender identity or cross-gender identification are less clear. The aim of the current study was to investigate potential cross-gender identification in girls exposed prenatally to high concentrations ...
Braun Silke S Institute for Response-Genetics, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Background: Human speech is greatly influenced by the speakers' affective state, such as sadness, happiness, grief, guilt, fear, anger, aggression, faintheartedness, shame, sexual arousal, love, amongst others. Attentive listeners discover a lot about the affective state of their dialog partners with no great effort, and without having to talk about ...
Atkin Andrew J AJ MRC Epidemiology Unit and UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Screen time (including TV viewing/computer use) may be adversely associated with metabolic and mental health in children. To describe the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of screen time in an international sample of children aged 4-17 years. Data from the International Children's Accelerometry Database were collected between 1997-2009 and analyzed in ...
Almeida Antonio Eduardo Monteiro de AE Cardio Lógica Métodos Gráficos, João Pessoa, PB, - - 2014
Background: The equations predicting maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max or peak) presently in use in cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) softwares in Brazil have not been adequately validated. These equations are very important for the diagnostic capacity of this method. Objective: Build and validate a Brazilian Equation (BE) for prediction of VO2peak ...
Jaruratanasirikul Somchit - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To assess the reliability of pubertal self-assessment of Thai adolescents. Subjects: Some 927 girls and 997 boys, aged 8-18 years, from nine schools in Hat-Yai municipality. Methods: The adolescents evaluated their pubertal status after being shown a line drawing of the five Tanner stages with a short description. ...
Kostka J J 1] Department of Geriatrics, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland [2] Department of Physical Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2014
Background/objectives:To estimate the potential association of three distinct nutritional status measures (body mass index (BMI), calf circumference (CC) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)) with health-related quality of life (HRQL) assessed with Euroqol 5D questionnaire in different populations of elderly people in Poland.Subjects/methods:The study group was comprised of 1003 community-dwelling ...
Armbruster Diana D Institute of Personality and Individual Differences, Technische Universitaet Dresden, 01062, Dresden, Germany, - - 2014
To examine whether optimism/pessimism reliably predicts depression and whether such function is stable also in older age. In a prospective study, we observed a representative sample of n = 4,046 primary care patients over 5 years. The Life Orientation Test (LOT-R, measuring optimism/pessimism) and the Depression-Screening Questionnaire were applied. Medical diagnoses were recorded ...
Pinsky Paul F - - 2014
The NLST (National Lung Screening Trial) showed reduced lung cancer mortality in high-risk participants (smoking history of ≥30 pack-years) aged 55 to 74 years who were randomly assigned to screening with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) versus those assigned to chest radiography. An advisory panel recently expressed reservations about Medicare coverage ...
Milioni Michela M Roma tre, University of - - 2014
The present study examined the longitudinal relations of adolescents' self-reported ego-resiliency to their emotional self-efficacy beliefs in expressing positive emotions and in managing negative emotions as they moved into early adulthood. Participants were 239 females and 211 males with a mean age of 17 years (SD = .80) at T1, ...
Safer Abraham N AN a Chief Resident, Maimonides Medical Center, Department of Dentistry, Division of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Brooklyn, - - 2014
Objective: To assess lateral differences between ossification events and stages of bone development in the hands and wrists utilizing Fishman's skeletal maturation indicators (SMIs). Materials and Methods: The skeletal ages of 125 subjects, aged 8 to 20 years, were determined with left and right hand-wrist radiographs using Fishman's SMI assessment. Each ...
Lopes Luís Carlos Oliveira LC Research Centre for Physical Activity, Health and Leisure (CIAFEL), Faculty of Sports, University of Porto (UP), Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the ability of different measures of adiposity to discriminate between low/high motor coordination and to evaluate the relationship between different measures of adiposity and motor coordination. This study included 596 elementary school children aged 9 to 12 years (218 females - 47.1%). Weight, height, and ...
Oesch Peter P Kliniken Valens, Valens, Switzerland, - - 2014
Purpose The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of Waddell signs (WS) on Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) undergoing fitness for work evaluation. If an effect is observed, the secondary objective is to report performance of patients without ...
Conrad Ines - - 2014
BackgroundThe WHOQOL-OLD is an instrument for the assessment of subjective quality of life in elderly people. It is based on the WHO definition of quality of life and is available in more than 20 languages. However, in most countries, the psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-OLD have been assessed only on ...
KuĆ Joanna J Department of Prosthodontics, Medical University of Bialystok , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Although the effect of involutional processes that occurs in the maxilla and mandible of edentulous subjects is obvious, the problem of factors definitely determining the direction of changes still remains unsolved. This study was aimed at determining the relationship between facial morphology and the structure of the alveolar ...
Nikolaidis Pantelis T PT Department of Physical and Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, Attiki, - - 2014
Background: Although maximal heart rate (HRmax) is widely used to assess exercise intensity in sport training, and particularly in soccer, there are limited data with regards to the use of age-based prediction equations of HRmax in soccer players. The aim of this study was to compare the measured-HRmax with two ...
Montano Gerald Tariao GT Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA - - 2014
Introduction. It is unknown how the conflicting recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the US Preventive Services Task Force on pediatric hyperlipidemia affect screening. Objectives. (a) Identify clinical predictors for screening for hyperlipidemia, (b) assess the adherence to the 2008 American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines, and (c) determine ...
Flanagan Shawn D SD 1Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 2Department of Health Sciences, School of Science and Engineering, Merrimack College, North Andover, MA 01845 3Department of Kinesiology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 4Department of Educational and Human Sciences, College of Education and Human Performance, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816 5Department of Wellness and Fitness, Chambersburg Area School District, Chambersburg, PA 6Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Lazio Meridionale, Cassino, Italy 7Cumberland Valley Family Physicians, Chambersburg, - - 2014
To better understand how sex-specific developmental differences impact performance on a broad selection of common physical fitness measures, we examined changes in boys and girls from fourth to fifth grade. Subjects included 273 boys (age: 9.5±0.6 years; height: 139.86±7.52 cm; mass: 38.00±9.55 kg) and 295 girls (age: 9.6±0.5 years; height: ...
López-Olóriz Jorge J Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Background: The contribution of traditional vascular risk factors to cognitive impairment and dementia is well known. However, in order to obtain possible targets for prevention of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI), it may be important to identify other early and noninvasive markers in asymptomatic middle-aged adults. The calculation of middle cerebral ...
Harnod Dorji D Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Impaired cardiovascular autonomic regulation is a non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) and may increase long-term morbidity. This study applied frequency-domain analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) to understand the progression of sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiac regulation in patients with PD. In this cross-sectional study, 21 male and 11 female ...
Ennok M - - 2014
5-point test (5PT) is a widely used measure for executive abilities that is considered a nonverbal analog for verbal fluency test. The aim of this study is to analyze normative data of 5PT in a representative sample of adults in Estonia. The sample includes 421 subjects (233 women, 188 men) ...
Mooney S - - 2014
A multitude of studies have examined the relationship between the MMPI-2 and failed cognitive symptom validity testing (SVTs). Little has been done, to date, to examine similar relationships between the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) and SVTs in military samples with remote history of concussion. This study examines common distortion indicators ...
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