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Park Kwang-Won KW *Institute for Rare Diseases and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Korea University Medical Center, Guro Hospital, Seoul †Pohang St.Mary's Hospital, Pohang, - - 2014
Determining the skeletal age in patients with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is essential for predicting the adult height and guiding the timing of limb lengthening, epiphysiodesis, and other surgical procedures. In the present study, we examined the patterns of skeletal age delay using 3 different methods, the Greulich-Pyle (GP) atlas ...
Braun Silke S Institute for Response-Genetics, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Background: Human speech is greatly influenced by the speakers' affective state, such as sadness, happiness, grief, guilt, fear, anger, aggression, faintheartedness, shame, sexual arousal, love, amongst others. Attentive listeners discover a lot about the affective state of their dialog partners with no great effort, and without having to talk about ...
Almeida Antonio Eduardo Monteiro de AE Cardio Lógica Métodos Gráficos, João Pessoa, PB, - - 2014
Background: The equations predicting maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max or peak) presently in use in cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) softwares in Brazil have not been adequately validated. These equations are very important for the diagnostic capacity of this method. Objective: Build and validate a Brazilian Equation (BE) for prediction of VO2peak ...
Jaruratanasirikul Somchit - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To assess the reliability of pubertal self-assessment of Thai adolescents. Subjects: Some 927 girls and 997 boys, aged 8-18 years, from nine schools in Hat-Yai municipality. Methods: The adolescents evaluated their pubertal status after being shown a line drawing of the five Tanner stages with a short description. ...
Kostka J J 1] Department of Geriatrics, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland [2] Department of Physical Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2014
Background/objectives:To estimate the potential association of three distinct nutritional status measures (body mass index (BMI), calf circumference (CC) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)) with health-related quality of life (HRQL) assessed with Euroqol 5D questionnaire in different populations of elderly people in Poland.Subjects/methods:The study group was comprised of 1003 community-dwelling ...
Armbruster Diana D Institute of Personality and Individual Differences, Technische Universitaet Dresden, 01062, Dresden, Germany, - - 2014
To examine whether optimism/pessimism reliably predicts depression and whether such function is stable also in older age. In a prospective study, we observed a representative sample of n = 4,046 primary care patients over 5 years. The Life Orientation Test (LOT-R, measuring optimism/pessimism) and the Depression-Screening Questionnaire were applied. Medical diagnoses were recorded ...
Pinsky Paul F - - 2014
The NLST (National Lung Screening Trial) showed reduced lung cancer mortality in high-risk participants (smoking history of ≥30 pack-years) aged 55 to 74 years who were randomly assigned to screening with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) versus those assigned to chest radiography. An advisory panel recently expressed reservations about Medicare coverage ...
Milioni Michela M Roma tre, University of - - 2014
The present study examined the longitudinal relations of adolescents' self-reported ego-resiliency to their emotional self-efficacy beliefs in expressing positive emotions and in managing negative emotions as they moved into early adulthood. Participants were 239 females and 211 males with a mean age of 17 years (SD = .80) at T1, ...
Safer Abraham N AN a Chief Resident, Maimonides Medical Center, Department of Dentistry, Division of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Brooklyn, - - 2014
Objective: To assess lateral differences between ossification events and stages of bone development in the hands and wrists utilizing Fishman's skeletal maturation indicators (SMIs). Materials and Methods: The skeletal ages of 125 subjects, aged 8 to 20 years, were determined with left and right hand-wrist radiographs using Fishman's SMI assessment. Each ...
Lopes Luís Carlos Oliveira LC Research Centre for Physical Activity, Health and Leisure (CIAFEL), Faculty of Sports, University of Porto (UP), Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the ability of different measures of adiposity to discriminate between low/high motor coordination and to evaluate the relationship between different measures of adiposity and motor coordination. This study included 596 elementary school children aged 9 to 12 years (218 females - 47.1%). Weight, height, and ...
Oesch Peter P Kliniken Valens, Valens, Switzerland, - - 2014
Purpose The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of Waddell signs (WS) on Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) undergoing fitness for work evaluation. If an effect is observed, the secondary objective is to report performance of patients without ...
Conrad Ines - - 2014
BackgroundThe WHOQOL-OLD is an instrument for the assessment of subjective quality of life in elderly people. It is based on the WHO definition of quality of life and is available in more than 20 languages. However, in most countries, the psychometric properties of the WHOQOL-OLD have been assessed only on ...
KuĆ Joanna J Department of Prosthodontics, Medical University of Bialystok , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. Although the effect of involutional processes that occurs in the maxilla and mandible of edentulous subjects is obvious, the problem of factors definitely determining the direction of changes still remains unsolved. This study was aimed at determining the relationship between facial morphology and the structure of the alveolar ...
Nikolaidis Pantelis T PT Department of Physical and Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, Attiki, - - 2014
Background: Although maximal heart rate (HRmax) is widely used to assess exercise intensity in sport training, and particularly in soccer, there are limited data with regards to the use of age-based prediction equations of HRmax in soccer players. The aim of this study was to compare the measured-HRmax with two ...
Montano Gerald Tariao GT Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, USA - - 2014
Introduction. It is unknown how the conflicting recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the US Preventive Services Task Force on pediatric hyperlipidemia affect screening. Objectives. (a) Identify clinical predictors for screening for hyperlipidemia, (b) assess the adherence to the 2008 American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines, and (c) determine ...
Flanagan Shawn D SD 1Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 2Department of Health Sciences, School of Science and Engineering, Merrimack College, North Andover, MA 01845 3Department of Kinesiology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881 4Department of Educational and Human Sciences, College of Education and Human Performance, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816 5Department of Wellness and Fitness, Chambersburg Area School District, Chambersburg, PA 6Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Lazio Meridionale, Cassino, Italy 7Cumberland Valley Family Physicians, Chambersburg, - - 2014
To better understand how sex-specific developmental differences impact performance on a broad selection of common physical fitness measures, we examined changes in boys and girls from fourth to fifth grade. Subjects included 273 boys (age: 9.5±0.6 years; height: 139.86±7.52 cm; mass: 38.00±9.55 kg) and 295 girls (age: 9.6±0.5 years; height: ...
López-Olóriz Jorge J Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Background: The contribution of traditional vascular risk factors to cognitive impairment and dementia is well known. However, in order to obtain possible targets for prevention of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI), it may be important to identify other early and noninvasive markers in asymptomatic middle-aged adults. The calculation of middle cerebral ...
Harnod Dorji D Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Impaired cardiovascular autonomic regulation is a non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) and may increase long-term morbidity. This study applied frequency-domain analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) to understand the progression of sympathetic and parasympathetic cardiac regulation in patients with PD. In this cross-sectional study, 21 male and 11 female ...
Ennok M - - 2014
5-point test (5PT) is a widely used measure for executive abilities that is considered a nonverbal analog for verbal fluency test. The aim of this study is to analyze normative data of 5PT in a representative sample of adults in Estonia. The sample includes 421 subjects (233 women, 188 men) ...
Mooney S - - 2014
A multitude of studies have examined the relationship between the MMPI-2 and failed cognitive symptom validity testing (SVTs). Little has been done, to date, to examine similar relationships between the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) and SVTs in military samples with remote history of concussion. This study examines common distortion indicators ...
Santos I - - 2014
The Halstead Category Test (HCT) is a nonverbal test that measures a person's ability to formulate abstract principles and can be used to assess cognitive executive frontal lobe function. Traditionally, only a single score is extracted from the test (the total number of errors), which limits its use. In an ...
Wong Martin C S MC Institute of Digestive Disease, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong School of Public Health and Primary Care, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
To compare the performance of existing sigmoidoscopy-based strategies in predicting advanced proximal neoplasia (APN) in an asymptomatic Chinese cohort. We included all screening participants aged 50-70 years who received colonoscopy between 2008 and 2014 in Hong Kong. Sigmoidoscopy yield was estimated from the colonoscopic findings based on the: (1) UK flexible ...
Greaney Mary L - - 2014
To determine whether exposure to a peer-led intervention focused on colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, physical activity, and multi-vitamin intake can lead to increased intentions to be screened for CRC once age eligible among adults under the age of 50. Participants were residents of low-income housing sites, and CRC screening intentions ...
Weiss Robert A - - 2014
This study investigates the efficacy, tolerance, and usability of a single product containing cycloastragenol, growth factors, peptides, and antioxidants to decrease the visible signs of aging, including fine lines, and wrinkles, texture, pore size, elasticity, skin color/clarity, redness, hydration, and overall skin quality.<BR /> Twenty subjects were enrolled in a ...
Bruce Suzanne - - 2014
The etiology of aging human skin includes intrinsic physiologic changes greatly accelerated by photoaging, predominantly through exposure to UV light. Consumer interest and demand for anti-aging skin care products is extremely high especially in light of aging populations. Prenatal (fetal) tissue has been shown to possess healing characteristics and regenerative ...
Mirmohammadi Seyed Jalil SJ Department of Occupational Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, - - 2014
For the purpose of evaluation of exhaled NO as an index of airway inflammation, we assessed changes in fractional exhaled NO (FeNO) across a work shift and its relationship with respiratory complaints. Chronic and work-aggravated respiratory complaints were assessed using a questionnaire in 89 male textile workers. FeNO and spirometry ...
Mazzoccoli Gianluigi G IRCCS Casa Sollievo della - - 2014
The amount of fat surrounding the heart, called epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), is a marker of cardiometabolic risk and correlates with the quantity of visceral adipose tissue (VAT). The amount of VAT is associated to an increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebro-vascular disease and with cognitive impairment. We aimed to ...
Lee Soo Jin - - 2014
The purpose of present study was to examine biological and psychological characteristics of people according to the Sasang typology, which is popular in Korea. We evaluated the Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) as a measure of temperament, and Body Mass Index (BMI) as a measure of the somatic properties of each ...
Gueresi Paola P Department of Statistical Sciences "Paolo Fortunati", University of Bologna, Via Belle Arti 41, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Being indicators of nutritional and functional status, anthropometric characters may have great prognostic significance for survival at extremely advanced ages. For ethical and practical reasons however it is advisable to use characters such as arm measurements easily measurable even in bedridden subjects. This study compares the influence of some upper ...
Yener Serkan S Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Dokuz Eylul University, Narlidere, 35340, Izmir, Turkey, - - 2014
The diagnostic accuracy of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) to predict subclinical Cushing's syndrome (sCS) has been a matter of debate. The primary objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic power of DHEAS in predicting sCS. This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary referral center and based on subjects ...
Ratnayake Udani U The Ritchie Centre, MIMR-PHI Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Melbourne, Australia, 3168; The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia, 3010. Electronic address: - - 2014
The use of the spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus) in experimental research is steadily increasing, due to the precocial nature of this species and the similarities in endocrinology to the human. The characterisation of normal behavioural traits throughout development has not been comprehensively measured in the spiny mouse. Therefore the aim ...
Schipperijn Jasper J Department of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, - - 2014
This longitudinal study aimed to examine if a Moveability Index (MI), based on objectively measured built environment characteristics, was a determinant for objectively measured physical activity (PA) among young adults. Data collected from 177 persons participating in the Danish part of the European Youth Hearth Study (EYHS) was used to ...
Yoon Kyuhyun K Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health and Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
While there are strong correlations between self-reported and directly measured anthropometric data, the discrepancy and systematic errors associated with these, particularly among middle-aged and older persons residing in South Korea, remain a contentious issue. All participants were selected from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA), a panel study conducted ...
Nair M K C MK Child Development Centre, Thiruvananthapuram Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, 695011, Kerala, India, - - 2014
To document the experiences of the intervention given to children who attended the developmental therapy clinic of Child Development Centre (CDC) Kerala, a specialized clinic for providing developmental intervention/therapy for babies less than two years with developmental delay/disability. All the babies referred to this speciality clinic from developmental screening/evaluation clinics ...
Aguilar-Farías Nicolás N The University of Queensland, School of Human Movement Studies, Australia; Universidad de La Frontera, Departamento de Educación Física Deportes y Recreación, Chile. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sedentary behaviour (SB) is associated with a range of negative health outcomes, but little is known about the validity of self-report methods for measuring SB in older adults. Thus, the aim was to assess the reliability and validity of two instruments for measuring SB in older adults. Cross-sectional study. 41 ...
Robinette Jennifer W JW Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California, Irvine. - - 2014
Exposure to psychosocial stressors often elicits increases in negative affect and blood pressure (BP). Rumination, or thinking about a stressor after it passes, is associated with delayed recovery. Given that older age is associated with greater BP reactivity to psychosocial stressors, rumination may be more detrimental to the recovery of ...
Lay Elizabeth E Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2014
Sera from a large panel of normal subjects were typed for three common polymorphisms, one in C3 (R102G) and two in Factor H (V62I and Y402H) that influence predisposition to age related macular degeneration and to some forms of kidney disease. Three groups of sera were tested; those that were ...
Sattler Tine T University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Sport, - - 2014
Isokinetic-knee-strength was hypothesized to be an important factor related to jumping performance. However, studies examining this relation among elite female athletes and sport-specific jumps are lacking. This investigation determined the influence of isokinetic-knee flexor/extensor strength measures on spike-jump (offensive) and block-jump (defensive) performance among high-level female volleyball players. Cross-sectional laboratory ...
Kumaran Nagalingam N School of Earth, Environmental and Biological Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, - - 2014
In male tephritid fruit flies of the genus Bactrocera, feeding on secondary plant compounds (sensu lato male lures = methyl eugenol, raspberry ketone and zingerone) increases male mating success. Ingested male lures alter the male pheromonal blend, normally making it more attractive to females and this is considered the primary ...
Xue Joel J GE Healthcare, Wauwatosa, WI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is well known that there are gender differences in 12 lead ECG measurements, some of which can be statistically significant. It is also an accepted practice that we should consider those differences when we interpret ECGs, by either a human overreader or a computerized algorithm. There are some major ...
Chen David S DS Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; Center on Aging and Health, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Objective measures of physical functioning and mobility are considered to be the strongest indicators of overall health and mortality risk in older adults. These measures are not routinely used in otolaryngology research. We investigated the feasibility of using a validated physical performance battery to assess the functioning of older adults ...
Chen Stephen H SH Department of Psychology, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, - - 2014
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with poor physical and mental health outcomes in adulthood. Adverse childhood experiences are also associated with shortened leukocyte telomere length (LTL) in adults, suggesting accelerated cell aging. No studies have yet assessed the relationship of ACEs to LTL in individuals with major depressive disorder ...
Reddy Sashank K SK 1] Department of Dermatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA [2] Department of Plastic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Changes in the hair cycle underlie age-related alopecia, but the causative mechanisms have remained unclear. Chen et al. point to an imbalance between stem cell-activating and -inhibitory signals as the key determinant of age-related regenerative decline. Further, they identify a secreted protein, follistatin, that may be able to shift the ...
Dunlop Cheryl E CE MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Edinburgh , - - 2014
Abstract Folliculogenesis is the process by which waves of small primordial follicles possessing immature oocytes are recruited to undergo development into large antral follicles, with one then being selected for ovulation of a fully competent oocyte. Folliculogenesis can be divided into three stages: follicle recruitment, selection and ovulation, and has ...
Oshima Motohiko M Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, 260-8670, - - 2014
The decline in the regenerative potential of tissues is one of the most evident characteristics of aging. Stem cell aging determines the aging phenotypes of tissues, and has thus been recognized as one of the hallmarks of mammalian aging. An emerging body of evidence supports an essential role for epigenetic ...
Zhang WeiLi W State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Diseases, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100037, China, - - 2014
A consistent association has been observed between leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and atherosclerosis, but the mechanisms underlying these associations are still not well understood. Premature biology aging was evident in atherosclerotic plaques, characterized by reduced cell proliferation, irreversible growth arrest and apoptosis, and telomere attrition. As atherosclerosis is a state ...
Griffiths Helen R HR *School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, - - 2014
The oxidoreductase Trx-1 (thioredoxin 1) is highly conserved and found intra- and extra-cellularly in mammalian systems. There is increasing interest in its capacity to regulate immune function based on observations of altered distribution and expression during ageing and disease. We have investigated previously whether extracellular T-cell or peripheral blood mononuclear ...
Pereira Ana Paula Esteves AP Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
This study aimed at assessing the validity of different measures for estimating gestational age and to propose the creation of an algorithm for gestational age at birth estimates for the Birth in Brazil survey - a study conducted in 2011-2012 with 23,940 postpartum women. We used early ultrasound imaging, performed ...
Yuan Rong R The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine. Geriatric Research Division, Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Southern Illinois University, Springfield. - - 2014
We previously reported that insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) was involved in coregulating female sexual maturation and longevity. To understand the underlying genetic mechanisms, based on the strain survey assays of development and aging traits, we crossed two mouse strains, KK/HIJ and PL/J, and produced 307 female F2 mice. We ...
Falandry Claire C Claire Falandry, Marc Bonnefoy, and Gilles Freyer, Hospices Civils de Lyon and Lyon University, Lyon; and Eric Gilson, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire of Nice and Nice University Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France. - - 2014
Over the last 50 years, major improvements have been made in our understanding of the driving forces, both parallel and opposing, that lead to aging and cancer. Many theories on aging first proposed in the 1950s, including those associated with telomere biology, senescence, and adult stem-cell regulation, have since gained ...
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