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Chang Tammy - - 2014
It is not known whether using text messaging to administer real-time survey questions is feasible and acceptable among low-income, urban African American adults. We used a mixed methods approach including paper surveys, surveys administered by text message, and a focus group. Survey questions that included multiple choice, Likert-like scales, and ...
Randers M B MB Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate activity profile, aerobic load, and player involvement in two game formats of recreational and elite youth football for two age groups. A total of 152 youth players participated, with 45 U10 players playing 5v5 and 8v8 games, and 41 U13 players playing ...
Meylan César M P CM 1Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand, AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand; 2Canadian Sport Institute Pacific, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; 3Canadian Soccer Association, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; 4Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, United Kingdom; and 5National Sports Medicine Program, Aspetar, Doha, - - 2014
Meylan, CMP, Cronin, JB, Oliver, JL, and Rumpf, MC. Sex-related differences in explosive actions during late childhood. J Strength Cond Res 28(8): 2097-2104, 2014-The purpose of this study was to examine sex-related differences in explosive actions during late childhood, while accounting for body size and maturity, and determine the predictive ...
Stout Michael B MB Robert and Arlene Kogod Center on Aging, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2014
The aging process is associated with the development of several chronic diseases. White adipose tissue (WAT) may play a central role in age-related disease onset and progression due to declines in adipogenesis with advancing age. Recent reports indicate that the accumulation of senescent progenitor cells may be involved in age-related ...
Mäntyselkä Aino A Department of Pediatrics, University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University - - 2014
Context: Adrenarche refers to the onset of increased production of adrenal androgens in childhood leading variably to clinical signs of androgen action. The prevalence and presentation of adrenarche in prepubertal girls and boys is not well known. Objective: To examine the prevalence and clinical presentation of adrenarche in a population ...
Qureshi Irfan A IA Roslyn and Leslie Goldstein Laboratory for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA; Institute for Brain Disorders and Neural Regeneration, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA; Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA; Rose F. Kennedy Center for Research on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Epilepsy refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders that are associated with a wide range of pathogenic mechanisms, seizure manifestations, comorbidity profiles, and therapeutic responses. These characteristics are all influenced quite significantly by sex. As with other conditions exhibiting such patterns, sex differences in epilepsy are thought to arise-at the ...
Michalsik Lars Bojsen LB 1Department of Public Health, Section of Sport Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark 2Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden 3Institute of Sport Science and Clinical Biomechanicws, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, - - 2014
Modern team handball match-play imposes substantial physical and technical demands on elite players. However, only limited knowledge seems to exist about the specific working requirements in elite team handball. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to examine the physical demands imposed on male elite team handball players in ...
Davis Philip P Combat Sports Performance, Braintree, Essex, United - - 2014
An activity profile of competitive 3x3min elite level amateur boxing was created from video footage of 29 Olympic final/semi-final bouts in thirty-nine male boxers (mean±SD) age: 25.1±3.6 years, height: 178.3±10.4 cm, body mass: 69.7±16.5 kg. Boxing at this level requires the ability to maintain an activity rate of ~1.4 actions ...
Benefield Lazelle E LE Donald W. Reynolds Center of Geriatric Nursing Excellence, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center College of Nursing, 1100 North Stonewall, Oklahoma City, OK 73117, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Barriers to aging in place include physical mobility and transportation limitations, isolation related loneliness and depression, diminishing health status, housing quality, finances, and caregiving resources. The scope of the aging demographic shift, economic consequences and loss of quality of life urge adoption of such successful approaches as the life course ...
Gawel Malgorzata M Department of Neurology, EMG Laboratory, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-097 Warsaw, - - 2014
Motor unit number estimation (MUNE) is a tool for estimating the number of motor units. The aim was to evaluate the multipoint incremental MUNE method in a healthy population, to analyze whether aging, gender, and the dominant hand side influence the motor unit number, and to assess reproducibility of MUNE ...
Lavy Shiri S 1 University of - - 2014
Summary.-Attachment security in relationships is associated with several positive outcomes. Recently, researchers have applied attachment theory to employee-supervisor relationships. Two studies examined associations of supervisors' provision of attachment-related security with work-related outcomes and related underlying mechanisms. Participants completed measures of their supervisors' security provisions and of their own job satisfaction, ...
Moon Suk-Hee SH Department of Food & Nutrition, Kyungnam College of Information and Technology, Busan 617-701, Republic of - - 2014
In the title polymeric complex, {[Ag(C11H11N3)]PF6} n , the Ag(I) ion is two-coordinated in a nearly linear coordination geometry [N-Ag-N = 175.98 (9)°] by two pyridine N atoms from two symmetry-related N-[(pyridine-2-yl)meth-yl]pyridine-3-amine ligands. Each Ag(I) ion is bridged by the ligands, forming a helical chain propagating along the b-axis direction. The ...
Shin Kyong Jin KJ Department of - - 2014
Ischemic monomelic neuropathy is not an uncommon complication of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). However, many investigators have used revascularization, limb salvage and complete wound healing rates instead of neurological and electrophysiological parameters as outcome measurements of PAOD. The aim of the study is to investigate the neurological and electrophysiological ...
Correia Vanda V a School of Education and Communication , University of the Algarve , Faro , - - 2014
Abstract This study investigated interpersonal coordination tendencies in 1vs.1 dyads in rugby union, here expressed by participants' movement velocity towards or away from the sideline as they competed to score or prevent a try. We examined whether coupling tendencies of members of each dyad shaped key performance outcomes (try or ...
Sorg Olivier O Swiss Centre for Applied Human Toxicology (SCAHT), University of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2014
Vitamin A is an important constituent of the epidermis, where it plays a crucial role in epidermal turnover. A deficiency of epidermal vitamin A may be the consequence of nutritional vitamin A deficiency, exposure to sunlight or any UV source, oxidative stress or chronological ageing. As a consequence, any treatment ...
de Wit S S Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
According to dual-system theories, instrumental learning is supported by dissociable goal-directed and habitual systems. Previous investigations of the dual-system balance in healthy aging have yielded mixed results. To further investigate this issue, we compared performance of young (17-24 years) and older (69-84 years) adults on an instrumental learning task. Following the initial ...
Petervari Erika E Department of Pathophysiology and Gerontology, Medical School, University of Pecs, Hungary, 12. Szigeti str., H-7624 Pecs, - - 2014
Leptin, a catabolic adiposity signal acts in the hypothalamus via suppressing food intake and inducing hypermetabolism. Age and obesity are accompanied by leptin resistance. The present study aimed to clarify which components of the catabolic leptin effects are influenced most strongly by aging and which ones by nutritional state-induced alterations ...
Nunes Bruno Pereira BP Department of Social Medicine, Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper seeks to verify the association between falls and self-assessment of visual acuity in elderly people by means of a cross-sectional population-based study involving 1593 elderly people (aged 60 or over) from the urban zone of the municipality of Bagé-RS. Poisson regression was used for association analysis. Fall prevalence ...
Kato Tomohisa T Faculty of Systems Engineering, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Saitama, - - 2014
Quiet standing posture in humans has often been modeled as a single inverted pendulum pivoting around the ankle joint. However, recent studies have suggested that anti-phase action between leg and trunk segments plays a significant role in stabilizing posture by reducing the acceleration of the center of mass (COM) of ...
Yin Yiqing Y Department of Anesthesia, Peking University China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, China; Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada. Email: - - 2014
Increasing age was shown to decrease the requirements for propfol. However, the mechanisms of ageing-induced potentiation of anesthetic actions have not been clearly explored. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of propofol on the field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) in hippocampal slices of young and aging ...
Ruitenberg Marit F L MF Department of Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics, University of Twente Enschede, - - 2014
PREVIOUS STUDIES DEMONSTRATED SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES IN THE LEARNING AND PERFORMANCE OF DISCRETE MOVEMENT SEQUENCES ACROSS THE LIFESPAN: Young adults (18-28 years) showed more indications for the development of (implicit) motor chunks and explicit sequence knowledge than middle-aged (55-62 years; Verwey et al., 2011) and elderly participants (75-88 years; Verwey, 2010). ...
Minois Nadège N Biomedical Sciences Research Complex, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, United - - 2014
Spermidine is a natural polyamine involved in many important cellular functions, whose supplementation in food or water increases life span and stress resistance in several model organisms. In this work, we expand spermidine's range of age-related beneficial effects by demonstrating that it is also able to improve locomotor performance in ...
Li Jinhua J State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
Nanotopographical TiO2 films (including nanorod, nanotip, and nanowire topographies) were successfully fabricated on the metallic Ti surface via hydrothermal treatment and then underwent Ag plasma immersion ion implantation to incorporate Ag with TiO2. The surface morphology, phase component, and chemical composition before and after Ag-PIII were characterized. In view of ...
Xiang Zuo-Fu ZF Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; College of Life Science and Technology, Central South University of Forestry & Technology, Changsha, Hunan, - - 2013
Group-level male-male co-operation, which has been documented in several primate and non-primate societies, may be mutualistically advantageous to the participants when confronted with threats such as takeovers and cuckoldry by external males. Co-operation among members of distinct social units-while universal among humans-is extremely rare in non-human primates. We present the ...
Curry Allison E AE Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market Street, Suite 1150, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Traditional methods for determining crash responsibility - most commonly moving violation citations - may not accurately characterize at-fault status among crash-involved drivers given that: (1) issuance may vary by factors that are independent of fault (e.g., driver age, gender), and (2) these methods do not capture driver behaviors that are ...
Blum Alan - - 2013
If philosophers have discussed life as preparation for death, this seems to make aging coterminous with dying and a melancholy passage that we are condemned to survive. It is important to examine the discourse on aging and end of life and the ways various models either limit possibilities for human ...
Santos Ariene Angelini Dos AA Faculdade de Enfermagem, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brasil, SP, Enfermeira. Doutoranda, Faculdade de Enfermagem , Universidade Estadual de Campinas , SP , Brasil - - 2013
This study aimed to characterize the elderly who naps according to sociodemographic characteristics and frailty. A descriptive, cross-sectional study part of the multicenter project Frailty in the Elderly Brazilians. We evaluated 1,866 elderly people using a sociodemographic questionnaire. The frailty was assessed using the phenotype proposed by Fried. The data ...
Oo Zaw Min - - 2013
To study the factors associated with condom use among male Myanmar migrant workers in Pakokku, Myanmar This cross-sectional study used two stages cluster sampling with probability proportional to size (PPS) method to collect samples. During 1-14 February 2010, 324 male Myanmar migrant workers between 18 and 60 years of age ...
Tabuchi Megumi - - 2013
Purpose of the Study: We examined the relationships among development of generativity, generative acts, and psychological well-being in old age and the possible mediating effects of perceived rejection and respect from younger generations. We hypothesized that generative action would not lead to well-being unless responding elders perceived respect from younger ...
Dunphy-Lelii Sarah - - 2013
In typical development, imitation plays a key role in sociocognitive competence. The current study investigated a hypothesised developmental trajectory in face-to-face full body imitation style in 91 preschoolers, as well as a relation between imitation style and theory of mind (ToM). Children's response style to 8 lateralized action prompts was ...
Weafer Jessica - - 2013
Here, we review the evidence for sex differences in behavioral measures of impulsivity for both humans and laboratory animals. We focus on two specific components of impulsivity: impulsive action (i.e., difficulty inhibiting a prepotent response) and impulsive choice (i.e., difficulty delaying gratification). Sex differences appear to exist on these measures, ...
Francesco Tornello - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to define the technical and tactical profiles of official youth taekwondo competitions played under the most recent rules of the International Taekwondo Federation. Tactical actions (i.e., attack, defense, and block), technical executions (from 1- to 4-point scores), kicking legs (i.e., front/rear, and right/left), and ...
Ball Chad G - - 2013
Celebrity injury-related deaths are a common topic of conversation and receive wide media coverage. Despite stereotypes and broad generalizations, it is unclear if the mechanisms of demise echo those of the general population. The objective of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology underlying celebrity traumatic deaths. We evaluated all ...
Krutki Piotr - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether age-related changes in motor unit (MU) contractile properties are reflected in parameters of motor unit action potentials (MUAPs). MUs of the medial gastrocnemius muscle were functionally isolated in anaesthetized Wistar rats. A control group of young animals (5-10mo) was compared to ...
Kuru-Utumpala Jayanthi - - 2013
This paper seeks to examine the embodiment of female masculinity as experienced by 12 gender-non-conforming lesbians in Sri Lanka. By drawing on western feminist and queer theories, it critiques western theories in relation to a non-western subjectivity, attempting to unravel the seemingly empowering, albeit problematic, category of female masculinity. Data ...
Diehl Manfred - - 2013
This study examined longitudinal changes in coping and defense mechanisms in an age- and gender-stratified sample of 392 European American adults. Nonlinear age-related changes were found for the coping mechanisms of sublimation and suppression and the defense mechanisms of intellectualization, doubt, displacement, and regression. The change trajectories for sublimation and ...
Wang Yu - - 2013
In this study, the relationship between deformation mechanism and rolling reductions was investigated, and the effects of deformation reductions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the alloys both cold rolled and aged were revealed. It was found that the equiaxed β grains of the Ti-30Nb-5Ta-6Zr alloy have elongated gradually ...
Schel Margot A - - 2013
The ability to inhibit is a major developmental dimension. Previous studies examined developmental change in instructed inhibition. The current study, however, focused on intentional inhibition. We examined heart rate responses to intentional action and inhibition, with a focus on developmental differences. Three age groups (8-10, 11-12, and 18-26 years) performed ...
Comalli David D Department of Psychology, New York University, 4 Washington Place, Room 410, New York, NY 10003, - - 2013
The current study investigated whether younger (college-age) and older adults (60+ years) differ in their ability to perceive safe and unsafe motor actions. Participants decided whether to walk through openings varying in width in two penalty conditions: In the doorway condition, if participants attempted to squeeze through impossibly narrow openings, ...
Cui Li - - 2013
Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are extensively used as antibacterial additive in commercial products and their release has caused environmental risk. However, conventional methods for the toxicity detection of Ag NPs are very time consuming and the mechanisms of action is not clear. We developed surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) into a ...
Akiyama Hisanao - - 2013
Stroke is often preceded by a transient ischemic attack (TIA). To properly recognize TIA and take prompt initial action, all citizens should be fully educated about TIA. Our objective is to evaluate how much knowledge of TIA has spread among Japanese citizens. As a preliminary study with this goal, we ...
Lee Daehee D Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong - - 2013
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of action observation and action practice on stroke patients' upper limb function. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 33 chronic stroke patients who were randomly assigned to four groups. The action observation group (5 males, 3 females) watched a video of the task, the ...
Allan Bassan J - - 2013
PURPOSE: As the population ages, trauma in the elderly is an increasingly recognized source of elderly morbidity. However, previous reviews on the topic provide only broad recommendations. The purpose of this study was to examine the elderly recidivist cohort at an urban trauma center for mechanisms of repeat injury. METHODS: ...
Fernández Juan Manuel - - 2013
Accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in bone tissue occurs in ageing and in Diabetes mellitus, and is partly responsible for the increased risk of low-stress bone fractures observed in these conditions. In this study we evaluated whether the anti-osteoporotic agent strontium ranelate can prevent the deleterious effects of AGEs ...
Caçola Priscila - - 2013
Studies show that as we enter older adulthood (>64years), our ability to mentally represent action in the form of using motor imagery declines. Using a chronometry paradigm to compare the movement duration of imagined and executed movements, we tested young-, middle-aged, and older adults on their ability to perform sequential ...
Sugovic Mila M Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, 703 Third St, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. - - 2013
According to the action-specific perception account, spatial perception is affected by the specific energetic costs required to perform an action. In the current experiments, we examined the effect of age on distance perception. Older and younger adults were asked to verbally estimate distance to a target placed in a hallway. ...
Olvera-Hernández Sandra - - 2013
Various clinical studies suggest that many features of OCD are influenced by sex, age and fluctuations in hormonal levels. Animal models have confirmed these differences, and suggest they are mediated by the serotonergic system. We compared the perseveration behavior in a T-maze after the administration of the 5-HT(1A) agonist, 8-OH-DPAT ...
Stevenson Margaret C - - 2013
We investigated demographic predictors of support for juvenile sex offender registration policies, including education level, gender, political orientation, and age. Participants were 168 individuals recruited from public places in a Midwest community (45% women; M age = 42). In line with hypotheses, as education level increased, support for juvenile registration ...
Gabbard Carl - - 2013
Recent studies indicate that the ability to mentally represent action using motor imagery declines with advanced age (>64 years). As the ability to represent action declines, the elderly may experience increasing difficulty with movement planning and execution. Here, we determined the association between estimation of reach via use of motor ...
Hackney Amy L AL Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University, 75 University Ave, W., Waterloo, ON, - - 2013
Young and older adults demonstrate differences in action when passing through confined spaces (Warren and Whang in J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 13:371-383, 1987; Hackney and Cinelli in Gait Posture 33:733-736, 2011). However, it is unknown whether or not these differences in actions exist during non-confined multiple obstacle avoidance ...
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