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Petervari Erika E Department of Pathophysiology and Gerontology, Medical School, University of Pecs, Hungary, 12. Szigeti str., H-7624 Pecs, - - 2014
Leptin, a catabolic adiposity signal acts in the hypothalamus via suppressing food intake and inducing hypermetabolism. Age and obesity are accompanied by leptin resistance. The present study aimed to clarify which components of the catabolic leptin effects are influenced most strongly by aging and which ones by nutritional state-induced alterations ...
Kato Tomohisa T Faculty of Systems Engineering, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Saitama, - - 2014
Quiet standing posture in humans has often been modeled as a single inverted pendulum pivoting around the ankle joint. However, recent studies have suggested that anti-phase action between leg and trunk segments plays a significant role in stabilizing posture by reducing the acceleration of the center of mass (COM) of ...
Yin Yiqing Y Department of Anesthesia, Peking University China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, China; Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada. Email: - - 2014
Increasing age was shown to decrease the requirements for propfol. However, the mechanisms of ageing-induced potentiation of anesthetic actions have not been clearly explored. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of propofol on the field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) in hippocampal slices of young and aging ...
Ruitenberg Marit F L MF Department of Cognitive Psychology and Ergonomics, University of Twente Enschede, - - 2014
PREVIOUS STUDIES DEMONSTRATED SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES IN THE LEARNING AND PERFORMANCE OF DISCRETE MOVEMENT SEQUENCES ACROSS THE LIFESPAN: Young adults (18-28 years) showed more indications for the development of (implicit) motor chunks and explicit sequence knowledge than middle-aged (55-62 years; Verwey et al., 2011) and elderly participants (75-88 years; Verwey, 2010). ...
Xiang Zuo-Fu ZF Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; College of Life Science and Technology, Central South University of Forestry & Technology, Changsha, Hunan, - - 2013
Group-level male-male co-operation, which has been documented in several primate and non-primate societies, may be mutualistically advantageous to the participants when confronted with threats such as takeovers and cuckoldry by external males. Co-operation among members of distinct social units-while universal among humans-is extremely rare in non-human primates. We present the ...
Curry Allison E AE Center for Injury Research and Prevention, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market Street, Suite 1150, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA; Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Traditional methods for determining crash responsibility - most commonly moving violation citations - may not accurately characterize at-fault status among crash-involved drivers given that: (1) issuance may vary by factors that are independent of fault (e.g., driver age, gender), and (2) these methods do not capture driver behaviors that are ...
Blum Alan - - 2013
If philosophers have discussed life as preparation for death, this seems to make aging coterminous with dying and a melancholy passage that we are condemned to survive. It is important to examine the discourse on aging and end of life and the ways various models either limit possibilities for human ...
Santos Ariene Angelini Dos AA Faculdade de Enfermagem, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brasil, SP, Enfermeira. Doutoranda, Faculdade de Enfermagem , Universidade Estadual de Campinas , SP , Brasil - - 2013
This study aimed to characterize the elderly who naps according to sociodemographic characteristics and frailty. A descriptive, cross-sectional study part of the multicenter project Frailty in the Elderly Brazilians. We evaluated 1,866 elderly people using a sociodemographic questionnaire. The frailty was assessed using the phenotype proposed by Fried. The data ...
Tabuchi Megumi - - 2013
Purpose of the Study: We examined the relationships among development of generativity, generative acts, and psychological well-being in old age and the possible mediating effects of perceived rejection and respect from younger generations. We hypothesized that generative action would not lead to well-being unless responding elders perceived respect from younger ...
Dunphy-Lelii Sarah - - 2013
In typical development, imitation plays a key role in sociocognitive competence. The current study investigated a hypothesised developmental trajectory in face-to-face full body imitation style in 91 preschoolers, as well as a relation between imitation style and theory of mind (ToM). Children's response style to 8 lateralized action prompts was ...
Weafer Jessica - - 2013
Here, we review the evidence for sex differences in behavioral measures of impulsivity for both humans and laboratory animals. We focus on two specific components of impulsivity: impulsive action (i.e., difficulty inhibiting a prepotent response) and impulsive choice (i.e., difficulty delaying gratification). Sex differences appear to exist on these measures, ...
Francesco Tornello - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to define the technical and tactical profiles of official youth taekwondo competitions played under the most recent rules of the International Taekwondo Federation. Tactical actions (i.e., attack, defense, and block), technical executions (from 1- to 4-point scores), kicking legs (i.e., front/rear, and right/left), and ...
Ball Chad G - - 2013
Celebrity injury-related deaths are a common topic of conversation and receive wide media coverage. Despite stereotypes and broad generalizations, it is unclear if the mechanisms of demise echo those of the general population. The objective of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology underlying celebrity traumatic deaths. We evaluated all ...
Krutki Piotr - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether age-related changes in motor unit (MU) contractile properties are reflected in parameters of motor unit action potentials (MUAPs). MUs of the medial gastrocnemius muscle were functionally isolated in anaesthetized Wistar rats. A control group of young animals (5-10mo) was compared to ...
Kuru-Utumpala Jayanthi - - 2013
This paper seeks to examine the embodiment of female masculinity as experienced by 12 gender-non-conforming lesbians in Sri Lanka. By drawing on western feminist and queer theories, it critiques western theories in relation to a non-western subjectivity, attempting to unravel the seemingly empowering, albeit problematic, category of female masculinity. Data ...
Diehl Manfred - - 2013
This study examined longitudinal changes in coping and defense mechanisms in an age- and gender-stratified sample of 392 European American adults. Nonlinear age-related changes were found for the coping mechanisms of sublimation and suppression and the defense mechanisms of intellectualization, doubt, displacement, and regression. The change trajectories for sublimation and ...
Wang Yu - - 2013
In this study, the relationship between deformation mechanism and rolling reductions was investigated, and the effects of deformation reductions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the alloys both cold rolled and aged were revealed. It was found that the equiaxed β grains of the Ti-30Nb-5Ta-6Zr alloy have elongated gradually ...
Schel Margot A - - 2013
The ability to inhibit is a major developmental dimension. Previous studies examined developmental change in instructed inhibition. The current study, however, focused on intentional inhibition. We examined heart rate responses to intentional action and inhibition, with a focus on developmental differences. Three age groups (8-10, 11-12, and 18-26 years) performed ...
Comalli David - - 2013
The current study investigated whether younger (college-age) and older adults (60+ years) differ in their ability to perceive safe and unsafe motor actions. Participants decided whether to walk through openings varying in width in two penalty conditions: In the doorway condition, if participants attempted to squeeze through impossibly narrow openings, ...
Cui Li - - 2013
Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are extensively used as antibacterial additive in commercial products and their release has caused environmental risk. However, conventional methods for the toxicity detection of Ag NPs are very time consuming and the mechanisms of action is not clear. We developed surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) into a ...
Akiyama Hisanao - - 2013
Stroke is often preceded by a transient ischemic attack (TIA). To properly recognize TIA and take prompt initial action, all citizens should be fully educated about TIA. Our objective is to evaluate how much knowledge of TIA has spread among Japanese citizens. As a preliminary study with this goal, we ...
Lee Daehee D Department of Physical Therapy, Youngdong - - 2013
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of action observation and action practice on stroke patients' upper limb function. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 33 chronic stroke patients who were randomly assigned to four groups. The action observation group (5 males, 3 females) watched a video of the task, the ...
Allan Bassan J - - 2013
PURPOSE: As the population ages, trauma in the elderly is an increasingly recognized source of elderly morbidity. However, previous reviews on the topic provide only broad recommendations. The purpose of this study was to examine the elderly recidivist cohort at an urban trauma center for mechanisms of repeat injury. METHODS: ...
Fernández Juan Manuel - - 2013
Accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in bone tissue occurs in ageing and in Diabetes mellitus, and is partly responsible for the increased risk of low-stress bone fractures observed in these conditions. In this study we evaluated whether the anti-osteoporotic agent strontium ranelate can prevent the deleterious effects of AGEs ...
Caçola Priscila - - 2013
Studies show that as we enter older adulthood (>64years), our ability to mentally represent action in the form of using motor imagery declines. Using a chronometry paradigm to compare the movement duration of imagined and executed movements, we tested young-, middle-aged, and older adults on their ability to perform sequential ...
Sugovic Mila M Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, 703 Third St, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA. - - 2013
According to the action-specific perception account, spatial perception is affected by the specific energetic costs required to perform an action. In the current experiments, we examined the effect of age on distance perception. Older and younger adults were asked to verbally estimate distance to a target placed in a hallway. ...
Olvera-Hernández Sandra - - 2013
Various clinical studies suggest that many features of OCD are influenced by sex, age and fluctuations in hormonal levels. Animal models have confirmed these differences, and suggest they are mediated by the serotonergic system. We compared the perseveration behavior in a T-maze after the administration of the 5-HT(1A) agonist, 8-OH-DPAT ...
Stevenson Margaret C - - 2013
We investigated demographic predictors of support for juvenile sex offender registration policies, including education level, gender, political orientation, and age. Participants were 168 individuals recruited from public places in a Midwest community (45% women; M age = 42). In line with hypotheses, as education level increased, support for juvenile registration ...
Gabbard Carl - - 2013
Recent studies indicate that the ability to mentally represent action using motor imagery declines with advanced age (>64 years). As the ability to represent action declines, the elderly may experience increasing difficulty with movement planning and execution. Here, we determined the association between estimation of reach via use of motor ...
Hackney Amy L AL Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, Wilfrid Laurier University, 75 University Ave, W., Waterloo, ON, - - 2013
Young and older adults demonstrate differences in action when passing through confined spaces (Warren and Whang in J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 13:371-383, 1987; Hackney and Cinelli in Gait Posture 33:733-736, 2011). However, it is unknown whether or not these differences in actions exist during non-confined multiple obstacle avoidance ...
Bondarenko Olesja - - 2013
It is generally accepted that antibacterial properties of Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) are dictated by their dissolved fraction. However, dissolution-based concept alone does not fully explain the toxic potency of nanoparticulate silver compared to silver ions. METHODOLOGYPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Herein, we demonstrated that the direct contact between bacterial cell and AgNPs' surface ...
Lafargue Gilles - - 2013
Before an action is performed, the brain simulates the body's dynamic behavior in relation to the environment, estimates the possible outcomes and assesses the feasibility of potential actions. Here, we tested a hypothesis whereby age-related changes in sensorimotor abilities result in failure to update internal models of action in the ...
Moon Suk-Hee SH Department of Food & Nutrition, Kyungnam College of Information and Technology, Busan 617-701, Republic of - - 2013
In the asymmetric unit of the title polymeric complex, {[Ag(C11H11N3)](CF3SO3)} n , there are two Ag(I) atoms, two N-(pyridin-3-ylmeth-yl)pyridine-2-amine ligands (A and B) and two CF3SO3 (-) anions. One Ag(I) atom is coordinated by two pyridine N atoms from two symmetry-related A ligands in a geometry slightly distorted from linear ...
Whiteside David - - 2012
The importance of the flat serve in tennis is well documented, with an abundance of research evaluating the service technique of adult male players. Comparatively, the female and junior serves have received far less attention. Therefore, the aims of this study were to quantify the flat serve kinematics in elite ...
Samuel Sophie - - 2012
The end of the year is often a time of reflection. For most of us, 2012 will have brought events that were planned, perhaps for years, as well as others that were full of serendipity or unexpected misfortune. We are invariably older than we were in January. We approach December ...
Marcus Barbara F - - 2012
Despite recognizing that gender identity is a complex compromise formation, psychotherapists struggle to tolerate gender variance. We still tend to favor binary gender identities and clear developmental lines, rather than embracing a stance of subversive curiosity about the variability and fluidity of gender in our patients. When gender identity is ...
Brito Leonardo Barbosa Barreto - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish whether flexibility influences the ability to sit and rise from the floor. DESIGN: Subjects aged 6-92 yrs (n = 3927 [2645 men]) performed the Sitting-Rising Test (SRT) and the Flexitest on the same laboratory visit. The SRT evaluates components of musculoskeletal ...
Zambrana Imac M IM Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
This study examined whether poor pointing gestures and imitative actions at 18 months of age uniquely predicted late language production at 36 months, beyond the role of poor language at 18 months of age. Data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were utilized. Maternal reports of the children's nonverbal skills and ...
Randall Christopher P - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To examine several poorly understood or contentious aspects of the antibacterial activity of silver (Ag(+)), including its cidality, mode of action, the prevalence of resistance amongst clinical staphylococcal isolates and the propensity for Staphylococcus aureus to develop Ag(+) resistance. METHODS: The effects of Ag(+) on the viability, macromolecular synthesis ...
Min Kyung-Jin - - 2012
Although many studies have shown that there are trade-offs between longevity and reproduction, whether such trade-offs exist in humans has been a matter of debate [1,2]. In many species, including humans, males live shorter than females, which could be due to the action of male sex hormones. Castration, which removes ...
Liu Chun-Bo - - 2012
In the title compound, [Ag(2)(C(10)H(6)NO(2))(2)](n), the Ag(I) atom is coordinated by one N atom and two O atoms from three quinoline-3-carboxyl-ate ligands in a T-shaped fashion, with an additional Ag⋯Ag distance of 2.9468 (6) Å. The ligands connect the Ag(I) atoms into a double-chain structure along [010]. Weak Ag⋯O inter-actions [Ag⋯O = ...
Ellis Haley L - - 2012
Sex of birds is genetically determined through inheritance of the ZW sex chromosomes (ZZ males and ZW females). Although the mechanisms of avian sex determination remains unknown, the genetic sex is experimentally reversible by in ovo exposure to exogenous estrogens (ZZ-male feminization) or aromatase inhibitors (ZW-female masculinization). Expression of various ...
Yang Shuo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The availability of reference intervals is essential for physicians to interpret laboratory results. Most of our laboratory reference intervals are derived from data on the foreign population. We have studied the reference intervals of 24 common laboratory biochemical tests in an apparently healthy adult Han population of Northern China. ...
Samberg Meghan E - - 2012
To evaluate the toxicity and cellular uptake of both undifferentiated and differentiated human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) exposed to silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs), and to assess their effect on hASC differentiation. hASC were exposed to 10- or 20-nm Ag-NPs at concentrations of 0.1, 1.0, 10.0, 50.0 and 100.0 µg/ml either before ...
Puniamoorthy Nalini - - 2012
Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) varies widely across and within species. The differential equilibrium model of SSD explains dimorphism as the evolutionary outcome of consistent differences in natural and sexual selection between the sexes. Here, we comprehensively examine a unique cross-continental reversal in SSD in the dung fly, Sepsis punctum. Using ...
Firoozfar F - - 2012
Background & objectives: The treatment of wounds with live green bottle fly larvae is receiving considerable attention in many countries. Laboratory rearing of Lucilia sericata is crucially important for the treatment of wounds. Study design: The study was carried out for mass rearing of green bottle flies from April to ...
Chen Jie - - 2012
Presynaptic active zones are essential structures for synaptic vesicle release, but the developmental regulation of their number and maintenance during aging at mammalian neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) remains unknown. Here, we analyzed the distribution of active zones in developing, mature, and aged mouse NMJs by immunohistochemical detection of the active zone-specific ...
Obasa Temitope Olorunsola - - 2012
Glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) is an enzyme in the hexose monophosphate shunt required for the production of reducing equivalents needed to mop up free radicals. thereby keeping hemoglobin in its free state. Deficiency of the enzyme can cause severe neonatal jaundice. The aim of this study was to compare G6PD levels in ...
Komatsu Haruki - - 2012
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) can have mutations that include the a determinant, which causes breakthrough infection. In particular, a single mutation at amino acid 145 of the surface protein (G145) is frequently reported in the failure of prophylactic treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of ...
Kim Clara Y - - 2012
In Kenya, >1,200 laboratory-confirmed 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) (pH1N1) cases occurred since June 2009. We used population-based infectious disease surveillance (PBIDS) data to assess household transmission of pH1N1 in urban Nairobi (Kibera) and rural Lwak. We defined a pH1N1 patient as laboratory-confirmed pH1N1 infection among PBIDS participants during August ...
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