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Zavotsky Kathleen K Author Affiliation: Director, Nursing Research, Advanced Practice, and Education (Ms Zavotsky), Performance Improvement Coordinator (Ms Hussey), Magnet Program Director (Ms Easter), and Advance Practice Nurse, Gerontology (Ms Incalcaterra), Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, New - - 2014
The aim of this study was to further explore falls that occur in the elderly individuals (>65 years) in an academic medical center. This was done through secondary analysis of a preexisting falls database. All hospitalized patients are at risk for falls. As fall incidents have been shown to increase ...
Lee Young-Hoon YH Department of Preventive Medicine & Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University School of - - 2014
Background: We investigated the relation of self-reported snoring with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults.Methods: In total, 7330 community-dwelling subjects in the Korean Multi-Rural Communities Cohort Study were included in the analysis. Common carotid artery IMT (CCA-IMT) and plaque were evaluated by high-resolution B-mode ...
Eydt C C Institute of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173, Hannover, - - 2014
The sternum is a frequently used anatomical site to obtain bone marrow for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in equine medicine and surgery. For a safe and reproducible aspiration of sternal bone marrow, a reliable anatomical description of the sternum is mandatory. However, the anatomical literature provides very heterogeneous information concerning ...
Milton Harry E - - 2014
Presbyopia, the age-related reduction in near vision acuity, is one of the leading issues facing the contact lens industry due to an increasingly ageing population and limitations associated with existing designs. A plastic-based liquid crystal contact lens is described which is designed to allow switchable vision correction. The device is ...
Wierenga Lara L NICHE-lab, Department of Psychiatry, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, HP A01.468, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX, Utrecht The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Developmental imaging studies show that cortical grey matter decreases in volume during childhood and adolescence. However, considerably less research has adressed the development of subcortical regions (caudate, putamen, pallidum, accumbens, thalamus, amygdala, hippocampus and the cerebellar cortex), in particular not in longitudinal designs. We used the automatic labeling procedure in ...
Inglis Sally C SC 1University of Technology, Sydney, - - 2014
Background:There are few data regarding the effectiveness of remote monitoring for older people with heart failure. We conducted a post-hoc sub-analysis of a previously published large Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis of relevant randomized controlled trials to determine whether structured telephone support and telemonitoring were effective in this population.Methods:A post ...
Mattisson Cecilia C 1Department of Clinical Sciences in Lund, Division of Psychiatry, The Lundby Study, Lund University Hospital, - - 2014
SOC is associated with wellbeing and health. The Lundby Study is a cohort study of an unselected population (n=3563) in whom mental health and personality traits have been assessed since 1947, with follow ups in 1957, 1972, and 1997. Aim: To describe the relationship of Antonovsky's 29-item sense of coherence ...
Portegijs Erja E Gerontology Research Center and Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, - - 2014
To study the relationship between physical performance and sense of autonomy in outdoor activities with life-space mobility-the spatial area a person purposefully moves through in daily life-in community-dwelling older people. Cross-sectional analyses of baseline data of the Life-Space Mobility in Old Age cohort study. Structured interviews in participants' homes. Community-dwelling ...
DAS P K PK Division of Highway and Railway Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, - - 2014
This paper investigates the mechanism of bitumen surface ageing, which was validated utilizing the atomic force microscopy and the differential scanning calorimetry. To validate the surface ageing, three different types of bitumen with different natural wax content were conditioned in four different modes: both ultraviolet and air, only ultraviolet, only ...
Gong Yi - - 2014
The built environment in which older people live plays an important role in promoting or inhibitingphysical activity. Most work on this complex relationship between physical activity and the environmenthas excluded people with reduced physical function or ignored the difference between groupswith different levels of physical function. This study aims to ...
Valmórbida Julia L JL Center for Research in Nutrition, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
to evaluate factors associated with low consumption of fruits and vegetables among preschoolers from families treated at basic health units in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. this was a cohort study nested in a randomized field trial. Data collection was performed through structured questionnaires to obtain demographic and dietary data, combined ...
Maclean Stephen J SJ Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification, College of Arts, Science and Engineering, University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 - - 2014
Despite the importance of the human pelvis as a weight-bearing structure, there is a paucity of literature that discusses the development of the juvenile innominate from a biomechanical perspective. This study aims to add to the limited body of literature pertaining to this topic through the qualitative analysis of the ...
Clewett David - - 2014
Objective: A current neuroanatomical model of anxiety posits that greater structural connectivity between the amygdala and ventral prefrontal cortex (vPFC) facilitates regulatory control over the amygdala and helps reduce anxiety. However, some neuroimaging studies have reported contradictory findings, demonstrating a positive rather than negative association between trait anxiety and amygdala-vPFC ...
Xu Shuhong S Advanced Photonics Center, School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, - - 2014
In experiment, doped Ag:ZnSe nanocrystals (NCs) had better stability than that of ZnSe nanocrystals under ambient atmospheres in the presence of air and light illumination. However, it is difficult to explain the mechanism of better stability of Ag:ZnSe nanocrystals from the experiment perspective for doped nanocrystals are more unstable than ...
Chiu Hsien-Ming - - 2014
To pursuit high injection current diodes nanodevices, entire one dimensional (1D) ZnO coaxial nanostructures with p-n homojunctions is one of the ideal structures. In this study, we synthesized entire 1D ZnO-based coaxial homojunction diodes with p-type Ag-doped ZnO (SZO) nanostructures shells covered on n-type Ga-doped ZnO (GZO) nanopagodas (NPGs) cores ...
Tariq Ambreen A Ophthalmology, King's College London, St Thomas' Hospital Campus, Westminster Bridge Road, London, SE1 7EH, United - - 2014
Purpose. It has been suggested that ring-like patterns of macular pigment, as measured with dual wavelength autofluorescence, are observed less frequently in subjects with age-related maculopathy. We explored relative contributions of genetic and environmental factors in macular pigment distributions using a classic twin study. Methods. 322 healthy Caucasian female twins, ...
Sheykhi-Dolagh Roghaye R 1Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical sciences, Republic of - - 2014
Background:Flexible flat foot is described as a reduction in the height of the medial longitudinal arch and may occur from abnormal foot pronation. A foot orthosis is thought to modify and control excessive pronation and improve arch height.Objective:To compare the immediate effect of three types of orthoses on foot mobility ...
Bezdicek Ondrej O Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech - - 2014
The Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) was conceived as a test of manual dexterity, upper-limb motor speed, and hand-eye coordination. The aim of our study was to test the componential structure of the GPT on an archetypal model of motor impairment, Parkinson's disease (PD). A total of 45 PD patients (33 ...
Muñoz Gabriela G Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Valparaíso, P.O. 5080, Reñaca, Viña del Mar, Chile, - - 2014
This study investigated the factors (i.e., season, locality, sampling year, total length and maturity stage of the hosts) that might influence the structure of parasite populations and communities in the clingfish Gobiesox marmoratus. The parasite community was described and analyzed using numerical descriptors, such as prevalence, intensity and species richness, ...
Moravec František F Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Branišovská 31, 370 05, České Budějovice, Czech Republic, - - 2014
Based on light and electron microscopical studies, the following four species of Philometra Costa, 1845 (Nematoda: Philometridae) are described from marine fishes from off Basrah, southern Iraq (Arabian Gulf): P. brachiri n. sp. (males and females) from the ovary of the Oriental sole Brachirus orientalis (Bloch & Schneider) (Pleuronectiformes; Soleidae), ...
Canova Marco M Department of Veterinary Medical Science, University of Bologna - Via Tolara di Sopra 50, 40046, Ozzano dell'Emilia (BO), Italy; University Museum System, University of Bologna - Via Zamboni 33, 40126, Bologna, - - 2014
The occurrence and structure of the fibrocartilago humerocapsularis (FHC) in the shoulders of 72 subjects of various species of wild birds were evaluated by gross dissection and histological examination with the purpose of increasing the body of knowledge regarding this structure and verifying the functional hypotheses submitted in the past ...
Grzywacz Joseph G JG Department of Human Development and Family Science, Oklahoma State University, 700 N. Greenwood Avenue, Tulsa, OK, 74106, USA, - - 2014
Document beliefs about the contribution of physical activity to preschool-aged children's health held by Latino mothers in farmworker families, and delineate their perceived barriers or constraints that impose limits on preschool-aged children's physical activity. Qualitative data obtained through semi-structured in-depth interviews (N = 33) with mothers of preschool-aged children living in Latino ...
Chan Kenneth K KK University of British Columbia, Department of Medicine-Cardiology, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
This structured metaanalysis focused on determining the relationship between hypertension (HTN) and thoracic aortic dissection (TAD). Electronic searches were conducted using the MedLine database, for the period 1946 through May 2013, and manual searches from reference lists. Demographic data, patient diagnosis, and HTN prevalence were extracted from each study. Data ...
Boireau-Adamezyk E E Faculté de pharmacie, EA 4041, Université Paris Sud 11, Châtenay-Malabry Cedex, - - 2014
The Stratum Corneum (SC) barrier function mainly depends on the SC structure at the tissue level, its composition, and the organization of intercellular lipidic cement at the molecular level. The goal of this study was to assess the age-dependent changes of the SC barrier function and the associated physiological parameters. ...
Jin Young Ju YJ Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 300 Gumi-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam, 463-707, - - 2014
Although the frequent spontaneous resolution of contact granuloma is reported, the prognostic factor that can predict the possibility of resolution is not clear. We retrospectively analyzed the hospital records and laryngoscopic photos of 52 patients who were diagnosed with contact granuloma between May 2003 and June 2012. The reflux finding ...
Todorova Irina Lg IL Department of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, - - 2014
Puerto Rican adults in the United States mainland live with socioeconomic and health disparities. To understand their contextual experience of aging, we interviewed participants in the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study. Through a Thematic Analysis we identify themes and tensions: normalization and acceptance of aging; gratitude; the importance of aging ...
Esenlik Elçin E Associate professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Suleyman Demirel, Isparta, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the morphometric development of the cranial base and its related structures, and their growth rate changes from the ninth gestational week to full term in a large group of human fetuses. We selected 203 (109 male, 94 female) fetuses between 9 and 40 weeks of gestation ...
Galbusera Fabio F IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, via Galeazzi 4, 20161, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Degeneration of the intervertebral disc is associated with various morphological changes of the disc itself and of the adjacent structures, such as reduction of the water content, collapse of the intervertebral space, disruption and tears, and osteophytes. These morphological changes of the disc are linked to alterations of the spine ...
Le Beulze Aurélie A CNRS, Univ. Bordeaux, ICMCB, UPR 9048, F-33600 Pessac, - - 2014
We report an improved synthesis of colloidal Agn nanoprisms using carboxyl compounds (citrate or succinate) and long chain macromolecules (polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)). The side-facet structure of the triangular nanostructure was determined in detail using electron tomography in scanning transmission mode (3D STEM) and HRTEM. It has been found that they are ...
Ruffin Hervé H Laboratoire de Tectonique Moléculaire, UMR UdS-CNRS 7140 icFRC, Institut Le Bel, Université de Strasbourg, 4 rue Blaise Pascal, CS 90032, 67081 Strasbourg cedex (France), Fax: - - 2014
An unprecedented mode of assembly of helical motives and Ag(I)  ions in the crystalline state is described. The combination of a Zn(II) helicate based on a 2,2'-bisdpm bearing peripheral benzonitrile moieties with AgX salts, leads to the formation of a tetranuclear core containing Ag-π interactions. Depending on the coordinating ability ...
Smith Benjamin M - - 2014
Hyperinflation refers to a non-specific increase in absolute lung volumes and has a poor prognosis in COPD. The relative contribution of increased airways resistance and increased parenchymal compliance to hyperinflation of each absolute lung volume is poorly understood. We hypothesized that increased residual volume (RV) and RV/total lung capacity (TLC) ...
Ren Ruojin R Discoveries in Sight Research Laboratories, Devers Eye Institute, Portland, OR, 97232, United - - 2014
Purpose: To assess the effect of age on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) lamina cribrosa depth while controlling for visual field (VF) status and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) in 221 high risk ocular hypertension and glaucoma patients enrolled in the Portland Progression Project. Methods: In this cross-sectional ...
Yokoyama Ryoichi R Department of Functional Brain Imaging, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Seiryo-machi 4-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8575, Japan; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Kojimachi Business Center Building, 5-3-1 Kojimachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0083, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Consumer behavior differs among individuals; one such common individual difference is financial extravagance. Recent research suggests that the activation of the caudate nucleus plays an important role in consumer behavior. However, to the best of our knowledge, no study has investigated the specific relationship between the caudate nucleus and consumer ...
Chen Can C Laboratory of Environmental Technology, INET, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, PR - - 2014
The surface characteristics of Saccharomyces cerevisiae before and after Ag(I) biosorption were investigated by comprehensively using the scanning electron microscopy with the energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDX), the transmission electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (TEM-EDX) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results showed that cell surface elements, surface topography and ...
Isawumi Michaeline A MA College of Health Sciences, Osun State University, PMB 4494, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions, knowledge of the causes, implications and treatment of strabismus in a black population. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study utilizing a total sampling technique. Face-to-face interviews were performed using a structured questionnaire. Socio-demographic characteristics, awareness, perceived causes, effect and treatment ...
Liu Tao T College of Marine Science and Engineering, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study describes the synthesis of silver nanocomposites (Ag NCs), with different structures, decorated with silica nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) and their antibacterial activity was evaluated. The core-shell microspheres were fabricated by the deposition of polydopamine (PDA) formed by the spontaneous oxidative polymerization of dopamine. Simultaneously, Ag(+) ions were reduced to ...
Pinheiro Juliana Barchelli JB Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics , Ribeirão Preto Dental School, University of São Paulo , Ribeirao Preto , - - 2014
Abstract This study evaluated the Shore A hardness, colour and microstructural alterations of an experimental silicone for maxillofacial prostheses. As a control, the MDX 4-4210 silicone was used. Eighty specimens of each material were randomly divided into groups of pigmentation and ageing. For microstructural analysis by Thermogravimetry, Fourier Transform Infrared ...
Liao Weiqi W Paul C. Lauterbur Research Center for Biomedical Imaging, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1068 Xueyuan Ave., Shenzhen, Guangdong Province 518055, - - 2014
Differentiating mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer Disease (AD) from healthy aging remains challenging. This study aimed to explore the cerebral structural alterations of subjects with MCI or AD as compared to healthy elderly based on the individual and collective effects of cerebral morphologic indices using univariate and multivariate analyses. ...
Li Yi Y Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resource Development of Shallow Lakes, Ministry of Education, College of Environment, Hohai University, Xikang Road #1, Nanjing, 210098, People's Republic of - - 2014
Characterizations of Ag/ZnO hollow sphere by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectra, and UV-vis absorption spectra have been made after its synthesis. The results showed that the composite was hollow structure with diameters of about 1-4 μm. The samples synthesized were tested and identified as silver doped ZnO, which ...
Fountoulakis Konstantinos N KN 3rd Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Pylaia, Thessaloniki 55535, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current study evaluates the reliability and factor-structure replicability of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) in its Greek Version. The TEMPS-A was administered to a convenient sample of 734 subjects from the general Greek population (436 females; 59.4% and 298 males; 40.6%). Their ...
Goel Atul - - 2014
Craniovertebral junction is the centre for stability and of mobility of the spine. The region is ingeniously designed and structured to permit a complex array of movements whilst preserving the stability. The occipitoatlantal joint is the centre for stability, whilst atlantoaxial joint is the centre for mobility. Despite the flawless ...
Thorpe Chavaunne T CT Institute of Bioengineering, School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary University of London, , Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, - - 2014
Some tendons, such as the human Achilles and equine superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT), act as energy stores, stretching and recoiling to increase efficiency during locomotion. Our previous observations of rotation in response to applied strain in SDFT fascicles suggest a helical structure, which may provide energy-storing tendons with a ...
Schmitt Axel K AK Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
A mural excavated at the Neolithic Çatalhöyük site (Central Anatolia, Turkey) has been interpreted as the oldest known map. Dating to ∼6600 BCE, it putatively depicts an explosive summit eruption of the Hasan Dağı twin-peaks volcano located ∼130 km northeast of Çatalhöyük, and a birds-eye view of a town plan ...
Sogbohossou Etotépé A EA Laboratory of Applied Ecology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, - - 2014
Lion populations have undergone a severe decline in West Africa. As baseline for conservation management, we assessed the group structure of lions in the Pendjari Biosphere Reserve in Benin. This reserve, composed of one National Park and two Hunting Zones, is part of the WAP transboundary complex of protected areas. ...
Lahaye Stefanie E P SE Research Group Ethology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, - - 2014
Whereas several studies have shown that experimentally increased levels of the androgenic steroid testosterone can affect female behavior, fewer studies have focused on the activational effects of exogenous testosterone on female morphology. With respect to colorful displays in birds, almost exclusively the effects of testosterone manipulation on female carotenoid-based colorations ...
Iacovino Juliette M JM Washington University in St. Louis, Psychology Department, Campus Box 1125, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, - - 2014
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with obesity, a major risk factor for a number of chronic illnesses (e.g., cardiovascular disease). We examined whether impulsivity and affective instability mediate the association between BPD pathology and body mass index (BMI). Participants were a community sample of adults ages 55-64 and their ...
Harshaw Christopher C Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of - - 2014
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a thermogenic effector abundant in most mammalian infants. For multiparous species such as rats and mice, the interscapular BAT deposit provides both an emergency "thermal blanket" and a target for nestmates seeking warmth, thereby increasing the cohesiveness of huddling groups. Sex differences in BAT regulation ...
Han Seimin S Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term changes in the pharyngeal airway dimensions after functional appliance treatment in adolescents with skeletal Class II malocclusions. Pharyngeal airway dimensions were compared between subjects with skeletal Class II malocclusions (n = 24; mean age: 11.6 ± 1.29 years) treated with a ...
Kuitunen Katja K Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland ; Department of Functional Morphology and Biomechanics, Zoological Institute, University of Kiel, Kiel, - - 2014
Numerous sex-related morphological adaptations are connected to reproductive behavior in animals. For example, females of some insect species can submerge during oviposition, which may lead to sex-related adaptations in the hydrophobicity (water-repellency) due to specialization of certain morphological structures. On the other hand, ageing can cause changes in hydrophobicity of ...
Rocha Júnior Paulo Roberto PR Faculdades Adamantinenses Integradas, Via de Acesso Francisco Bellusci, 1000, Adamantina, SP 17800-000, Brazil. - - 2014
We aimed to analyze the effect of a physical therapy protocol on unilateral vestibular hypofunction and overall balance in elderly with vertigo. The study included nine subjects, four male subjects (68.5 ± 11.09 years old) and five females (72.4 ± 7.09 years old). It was used the performance-oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA), to evaluate the balance and ...
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