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Salthouse Timothy A TA Department of Psychology University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA 22904-4400 - - 2014
Cross-sectional and longitudinal data from moderately large samples of healthy adults confirmed prior findings of age-related declines in measures of the quantity of word knowledge beginning around age 65. Additional analyses were carried out to investigate the interrelations of different types of vocabulary knowledge at various periods in adulthood. Although ...
Fannin Jacqueline J Department of Pharmacology, Physiology, and Toxicology, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, - - 2014
The Fischer 344/NNiaHSD × Brown Norway/BiNia F1 (F344xBN) rat model exhibits an increased life span and fewer age-associated pathologies compared to commonly used Fischer 344 (F344). How aging may affect cardiac structure and function in these animals, has to our knowledge, not been investigated. Echocardiography was performed on female F344xBN rats at ...
Sekine Michikazu M Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy, University of Toyama, - - 2014
This study examines (1) whether there are employment grade and gender differences in job dissatisfaction and (2) whether work, family, and personality characteristics explain grade and gender differences in job dissatisfaction. The participants were 3,812 civil servants, aged 20-65, working at a local government in Japan. In both males and ...
Davey Marie L ML Section for Genetics and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Norway; Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, - - 2014
Recent studies have revealed an unexpectedly high, cryptic diversity of fungi associated with boreal forest bryophytes. Forestry practices heavily influence the boreal forest and fundamentally transform the landscape. However, little is known about how bryophyte-associated fungal communities are affected by these large scale habitat transformations. This study assesses to what ...
Scheper Mark C - - 2014
Generalized Joint Hypermobility (GJH) has been found to be associated with musculoskeletal complaints and disability. For others GJH is seen as a prerequisite in order to excel in certain sports like dance. However, it remains unclear what the role is of GJH in human performance. Therefore, the purpose of the ...
LaMont Lauren L *Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY †Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery, Paracelsus Medical University Hospital, Salzburg, Austria ‡Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, - - 2014
Accessory ossicles of the medial malleolus have been reported, however, these have not been linked to a pattern of development and are considered anomalies. Here, we describe a pattern of ossification of the medial malleolus in children including a secondary ossification center. Twenty anteroposterior (AP) and mortise x-rays of each ...
Towers Andy A School of Health and Social Services, Massey University, Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North, New Zealand, - - 2014
We assessed whether the original three-factor structure of the older adult CASP-12 Quality of Life (QOL) scale was stable for both indigenous and non-indigenous older adult populations in the same non-European country (i.e. New Zealand). A total of 3076 New Zealanders aged 50-84 (Māori = 1,130; non-Māori sample = 1,946) completed a postal survey ...
Jia Xiaofang X State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130022, China. - - 2014
Self-assembled thiolated Ag nanoclusters (NCs) were facilely synthesized through one-pot microwave-assisted reaction. By the mechanism of aggregation induced emission, the quantum yield of the AgNCs is as high as 25.6%. The as-prepared AgNCs give access to intriguing photophysical features and multicolour emission, which are found to be related to their ...
Gardner Andy A School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9TH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Grafen (2014) has shown that, although the total reproductive value of females is not generally equal to that of males in an age-structured population under diploidy and autosomal inheritance, the total reproductive value of juvenile females is equal to that of juvenile males, assuming a stable class distribution. It is ...
Marwan Yousef Abbas YA 1Division of Orthopaedic Trauma, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Al-Razi Orthopaedic Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait 2Department of Radiology, Al-Amiri Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait 3Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Health Sciences Center, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait 4Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Health Sciences Center, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait 5Department of Radiology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, - - 2014
Study Design. Cross-sectional, retrospective.Objective. To identify morphologic and morphometric features of the coccyx among adult Arabs.Summary of Background Data. Different sacrococcygeal morphologic features were found to be associated with coccydynia.Methods. Review of 202 computerized tomography scans of adult Arab subjects was done (mean age: 47.98 ± 16.46 years). Sacrococcygeal morphologic ...
Morrisette-Thomas Vincent V Groupe de recherche PRIMUS, Department of Family Medicine, University of Sherbrooke, CHUS-Fleurimont, 3001 12eAvenue North, Sherbrooke, QC, J1H 5N4, - - 2014
Many biodemographic studies use biomarkers of inflammation to understand or predict chronic disease and aging. Inflamm-aging, i.e. chronic low-grade inflammation during aging, is commonly characterized by pro-inflammatory biomarkers. However, most studies use just one marker at a time, sometimes leading to conflicting results due to complex interactions among the markers. ...
Singh Garvita G School of Biotechnology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, U.P., - - 2014
In the present work, we describe a simple, cheap, and unexplored method for "Green" synthesis of AgNPs using the cell extracts of the cyanobacterium, Anabaena doliolum. An attempt was also made to test the antimicrobial and antitumor activity of synthesized nanoparticles. Analytical techniques namely UV-vis spectroscopy, X ray diffraction (XRD), ...
Giannakopoulos Nikolaos N - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine, on the basis of masticatory performance (MP), total muscle work (TMW), and range of movement (RoM), whether reduction of the profile of the cusps results in loss of the biomechanical effectiveness of chewing by healthy dentate patients. Methods: Twenty healthy patients ...
Boone Liesbet L Department of Developmental, Social, and Personality Psychology, Ghent - - 2014
Although abundant research has shown that self-critical perfectionism relates to binge eating symptoms, fewer studies have addressed the role of intervening processes that might explain why this is the case. Grounded in self-determination theory, we hypothesized that self-critical perfectionism would relate to an increased risk for binge eating symptoms because ...
Stern N N Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life Science, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, - - 2014
As part of a comprehensive study of trawl fishery catch off Israel (Ashdod) and Turkey (Iskenderun and Antalya) conducted during 2008-2011, the population explosion of Nemipterus randalli, first recorded in the Mediterranean Sea in the beginning of 2005, was documented. The smallest individuals occurred on deeper bottoms (120 m), significantly more ...
Rai R K RK Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, - - 2014
This work provides an electrodeposition-based methodology for synthesizing multicomponent nanowires containing Ag, Co and Ni atoms. Nanowire morphology was obtained by using an anodic alumina membrane with cylindrical pores of ∼200-nm diameter. Structural, compositional and magnetic characterization revealed that the as-synthesized nanowires adopted a core-shell microstructure. The core (axial region) ...
Han Yong - - 2014
Far-from-equilibrium shape and structure evolution during formation and post-assembly sintering of bimetallic nanoclusters is extremely sensitive to the periphery diffusion and intermixing kinetics. Precise characterization of the many distinct local-environment-dependent diffusion barriers is achieved for epitaxial nanoclusters using DFT to assess interaction energies both with atoms at adsorption sites and ...
Lv Weiqiang W School of Energy Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), Chengdu 611731 (P. R. - - 2014
In the field of oriented-attachment crystal growth, one-dimensional nanocrystals are frequently employed as building blocks to synthesize two-dimensional or large-aspect-ratio one-dimensional nanocrystals. Despite recent extensive experimental advances, the underlying inter-particle interaction in the synthesis still remains elusive. In this report, using Ag as a platform, we investigate the van der ...
Sadeghi Babak B Department of Chemistry, Guilan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Guilan, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the present work, we describe the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) using seed aqueous extract of Pistacia atlantica (PA) and its antibacterial activity. UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray energy dispersive spectrophotometer (EDAX) were ...
Anderson Rachel M RM Psychology Department and Neuroscience Program, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa - - 2014
Cognitive decline in aging is marked by considerable variability, with some individuals experiencing significant impairments and others retaining intact functioning. Whereas previous studies have linked elevated hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity with impaired hippocampal function during aging, the idea has languished regarding whether such differences may underlie the deterioration of other ...
Lopes C C Centro de Física, Universidade do Minho, 4710-057, Braga, - - 2014
DC reactive magnetron sputtered Ag:TiO2 nanocomposite thin films were developed to be used as protective coatings in pressure sensor devices. The coatings, with Ag content varying from 0 to about 30 at.%, were prepared and characterized in order to study their biological response. The as-deposited samples were annealed in vacuum ...
Hoerster Robert R Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
The individual outcome of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment in neovascular age-related macular degeneration is variable. To investigate the prognostic value of spectral domain optical coherence tomography structures for best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) outcome, volumetric analysis of spectral domain optical coherence tomography structures was performed in neovascular age-related macular degeneration ...
Takahara Ryuji R Faculty of Business Administration, Osaka University of Economics, - - 2014
Objectives: This study investigated the characteristics of the age-job satisfaction relationship for public school teachers. Past studies examining this relationship have found both linear and non-linear relationships. However, such studies have yet to examine these relationships by comparing job satisfaction of teachers with that of company employees in the same ...
Tucker-Drob Elliot M EM Department of - - 2014
Aging-related changes occur for multiple domains of cognitive functioning. An accumulating body of research indicates that, rather than representing statistically independent phenomena, aging-related cognitive changes are moderately to strongly correlated across domains. However, previous studies have typically been conducted in age-heterogeneous samples over longitudinal time lags of 6 or more ...
Siedlecki Karen L KL Department of Psychology, Fordham University, 113 West 60th Street, New York, NY 10023, - - 2014
The relationships among types of social support and different facets of subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) were examined in a sample of 1,111 individuals between the ages of 18 and 95. Using structural equation modeling we found that life satisfaction was predicted by enacted and ...
Korkmaz Cem C Gulhane Military Hospital IVF - - 2014
Summary The aim of this study was to determine the morphological characteristics of the older reproductive aged women's oocytes and to reveal the influence of these characteristics on intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes. The oocytes of women older than 35 years of age were evaluated retrospectively. Non-invasive polarization microscopy (PolScope) ...
Engen Steinar S Centre for Biodiversity Dynamics, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491, Trondheim, - - 2014
An extension of the selection differential in the Robertson-Price equation for the mean phenotype in an age-structured population is provided. Temporal changes in the mean phenotype caused by transient fluctuations in the age-distribution and variation in mean phenotype among age classes, which can mistakenly be interpreted as selection, will disappear ...
Costa Evila C EC Graduate Programme in Agroecology, Maranhão State University (UEMA), PO Box 09, São Luís, MA, - - 2014
Both prey density and developmental stage of pests and natural enemies are known to influence the effectiveness of biological control. However, little is known about the interaction between prey density and population structure on predation and fecundity of generalist predatory mites. Here, we evaluated the functional response (number of prey ...
Ravaiano Samira Veiga SV Departamento de Entomologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), 36570-900, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
The sensilla of insects are integumental units that play a role as sensory structures and are crucial for the perception of stimuli and for communication. In this study, we compared the antennal sensilla of females (workers and queens), males (haploid (n) and diploid (2n)), and queen-like males (QLMs, resulting from ...
Barut C C Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Bulent Ecevit University, 67600 Zonguldak, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The hand is not only one of the principal structures related to motor function but is also essential for tactile sensations. The genetic endowment of an individual plays an important role in the development and differentiation of the hands. Certain features of hands are known to be sexually dimorphic and ...
Waite David W DW Centre for Microbial Innovation, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
The critically endangered New Zealand parrot, the kakapo, is subject to an intensive management regime aiming to maintain bird health and boost population size. Newly hatched kakapo chicks are subject to human intervention and are frequently placed in captivity throughout their formative months. Hand-rearing greatly reduces mortality among juveniles, but ...
Bernengo J-C JC Non Invasive Technologies, Paris, - - 2014
The speed of light (time of flight) into the skin is obviously relied to its structure, and might appear as a tool for non-invasive investigation of skin physico-chemical properties, among them aging is of primary importance. Though already published, such time of flight measurements have never been extensively correlated with ...
Van Etten M L ML 1] Department of Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA [2] Department of Ecology, Institute of Agriculture and Environment, Massey University, Palmerston North, New - - 2014
Gynodioecy, the co-occurrence of female and hermaphroditic individuals within a population, is an important intermediate in the evolution of separate sexes. The first step, female maintenance, requires females to have higher seed fitness compared with hermaphrodites. A common mechanism thought to increase relative female fitness is inbreeding depression avoidance, the ...
Owings Austin A North Dakota State University, Department of Biological Sciences, 317 Stevens Hall, P.O. Box 6050, Fargo, ND 58108 - - 2014
Megachile rotundata, the alfalfa leafcutting bee, is a solitary, cavity-nesting bee. M. rotundata develop from eggs laid inside brood cells constructed from leaf pieces and placed in series in an existing cavity. Due to the cavity nesting behavior of M. rotundata, developing bees may experience hypoxic conditions. The brood cell ...
Ryu Keinosuke K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Surugadai Nihon University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to reveal the accurate prevalence and related factors to the presence of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition in cadaveric knee joints. Controlled laboratory study METHODS: Six hundred and eight knees from 304 cadavers (332 male knees and 276 female knees. Formalin fixed, Japanese ...
Heise Verena V FMRIB, Oxford Centre for Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain; University Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2014
Important risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD) are ageing and the Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele, with female APOE ε4 carriers having the greatest risk. In this study we investigated effects of AD risk factors on connectivity of the hippocampus, a structure that shows early AD related pathology. Resting-state functional ...
Barcaro Giovanni G CNR-ICCOM and IPCF, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124, Pisa, Italy. - - 2014
A recent paper in this journal reported the synthesis and characterization via electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy and UV-vis spectroscopy of (Au-Ag)144(SR)60 alloy nanomolecules with different compositions, ranging from 1 : 0 to 1 : 0.75 Au : Ag ratios. The UV-vis spectra of such systems were found to exhibit absorption peaks at 310 nm, 425 nm ...
Zavotsky Kathleen K Author Affiliation: Director, Nursing Research, Advanced Practice, and Education (Ms Zavotsky), Performance Improvement Coordinator (Ms Hussey), Magnet Program Director (Ms Easter), and Advance Practice Nurse, Gerontology (Ms Incalcaterra), Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, New Brunswick, New - - 2014
The aim of this study was to further explore falls that occur in the elderly individuals (>65 years) in an academic medical center. This was done through secondary analysis of a preexisting falls database. All hospitalized patients are at risk for falls. As fall incidents have been shown to increase ...
Ruiz Montse C MC 1 University of Jyväskylä - - 2014
Background: The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire (SIQ), which assesses cognitive and motivational functions of imagery use. Method: Participants were 361 athletes (234 male and 127 female) with a mean of age of 24.29 ± 7.76 ...
Urra Portillo Javier J CES Cardenal - - 2014
Background: The Resistance to trauma Test: TRauma is an instrument designed to assess six dimensions involving personal strengths or resources that promote coping with difficult life situations. In addition, an overall score is obtained that is conceptually equivalent to the concept of resilience. The aim of this study was to ...
Khan Tarique T National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi 110067, - - 2014
Ag recognition by independent primary Abs against a small flexible Ag with overlapping epitopes was analyzed to address the determinants of Ag specificity during the initial encounter. Crystal structures of two distinct dodecapeptide Ags, GDPRPSYISHLL and PPYPAWHAPGNI, in complex with the germline mAb 36-65 were determined and compared with the ...
Cappa Federico F Dipartimento di Biologia, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Via Madonna del piano 6, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino (Firenze), - - 2014
SUMMARY Host castration represents a mechanism used by parasites to exploit energy resources from their hosts by interfering with their reproductive development or to extend host lifespan by removing risks associated with reproductive activity. One of the most intriguing groups of parasitic castrators is represented by the insects belonging to ...
Singh Akansha A Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhunsi, Allahabad 211019, - - 2014
Adsorption of pre-formed Agn clusters for n = 1 - 8 on a graphite substrate is studied within the density functional theory employing the vdW-DF2 functional to treat dispersion interactions. Top sites above surface layer carbon atoms turn out to be most favorable for a Ag adatom, in agreement with ...
Wanzeler Ana Márcia Viana AM University Center of Pará, Belém, Pará, Brazil, - - 2014
To identify and describe the morphology and location of the canalis sinuosus (CS) and make correlations with gender, age, and distance of this canal to important adjacent structures on the region, thus mapping the anatomy of this structure. A total of 100 cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) examinations were collected ...
Piker Erin G EG *Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; and †Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2014
To determine whether the responses of elders compared with younger patients differed significantly on a structured dizziness case history. Retrospective case reviews. Outpatient balance function testing center. Two-hundred thirty-three adults who underwent vestibular function testing and completed a structured case history. The mean age of the adult group (18-64 yr) ...
Steiner Ulrich K UK Max-Planck Odense Center on the Biodemography of Aging, Department of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, 55 Campusvej, 5230 Odense, Denmark; and Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale U1001, 24 rue du Faubourg Saint-Jacques, 75014 Paris, - - 2014
Abstract Major insights into the relationship between life-history features and fitness have come from Lotka's proof that population growth rate is determined by the level (expected amount) of reproduction and the average timing of reproduction of an individual. But this classical result is limited to age-structured populations. Here we generalize ...
Matos Jeronimo J Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, 32816, - - 2014
The adsorption characteristics of the sexithiophene (6T) molecule on Ag(110) are studied using density functional theory with the inclusion of van der Waals (vdW) interactions. The stable adsorption configurations on 6T on Ag(110) as well as the nature of bonding the Ag substrate are evaluated. We also assess the performance ...
Lee Young-Hoon YH Department of Preventive Medicine & Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University School of - - 2014
Background: We investigated the relation of self-reported snoring with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque in community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults.Methods: In total, 7330 community-dwelling subjects in the Korean Multi-Rural Communities Cohort Study were included in the analysis. Common carotid artery IMT (CCA-IMT) and plaque were evaluated by high-resolution B-mode ...
Eydt C C Institute of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173, Hannover, - - 2014
The sternum is a frequently used anatomical site to obtain bone marrow for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in equine medicine and surgery. For a safe and reproducible aspiration of sternal bone marrow, a reliable anatomical description of the sternum is mandatory. However, the anatomical literature provides very heterogeneous information concerning ...
Hutchinson Erin F EF School of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South - - 2014
The masticatory apparatus is a highly adaptive musculoskeletal complex comprising several relatively independent structural components, which assist in functions including feeding and breathing. We hypothesized that the tongue is elemental in the maintenance of normal ontogeny of the mandible and in its post-natal growth and development, and tested this using ...
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