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Ajayi Emmanuel Olubusayo EO Orthodontic Unit, Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin , Benin City , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the normative and self-perceived need for orthodontic treatment in Nigerian children, and to evaluate distribution of orthodontic treatment need according to gender and age. Materials and methods. The sample consisted of 441 randomly selected school children, aged 11-18 years in ...
Lane S J SJ Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
The first generation of young men using primary prophylaxis is coming of age. Important questions regarding the management of severe haemophilia with prophylaxis persist: Can prophylaxis be stopped? At what age? To what effect? Can the regimen be individualized? The reasons why some individuals discontinue or poorly comply with prophylaxis ...
Ramasamy Ranjith - - 2014
An increasing number of young and middle-aged men are seeking treatment for symptoms related to deficient levels of androgens (hypogonadism) including depression, loss of libido, erectile dysfunction, and fatigue. The increase in prevalence of testosterone supplementation in general and anabolic steroid-induced hypogonadism specifically among younger athletes is creating a population ...
George Mskhalaya M Andrology and Endocrinology Department , Center for Reproductive Medicine MAMA, Moscow , Russian Federation - - 2014
Abstract The prevalence of androgen deficiency in reproductive-aged men is increasing and needs new approach to long-term hypogonadism treatment that can preserve fertility. An open non-controlled pilot study included 18 men with eugonadotropic hypogonadism, who received transdermal testosterone gel treatment for 3 months. Sperm analysis was made before treatment and ...
Jiménez-Ruiz C A CA Smoking Cessation Service, County of Madrid, - - 2014
It is important to define smoking phenotypes according to different variables, such as age, sex and degree of dependence, for which available treatments could have different efficacies. The main objective of our study was aimed at defining different combinations of these variables to allow the best possible treatment to be ...
El-Gohary F A FA Department of Hygiene and Zoonoses, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, Elgomhouria St., Mansoura City 35516, - - 2014
Bacteriophages are viruses that kill bacteria. They are plentiful in nature; are safe, having no known activity to human or animal cells; and are an attractive alternative to antibiotics. The objectives of this research were to establish an experimental model of colibacillosis induced by indirect exposure to Escherichia coli and ...
Querques Giuseppe G Department of Ophthalmology, University of Paris Est Créteil, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Créteil, Créteil, - - 2014
A number of different approaches are under development for treating nonexudative manifestations of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Some interventions target specific pathways that are believed to play a role in AMD pathogenesis, e.g. oxidative damage, lipofuscin accumulation, chronic inflammation (including complement activation), extracellular matrix changes (e.g. β-amyloid accumulation), impaired choroidal ...
Salthouse Timothy A TA Department of Psychology University of Virginia Charlottesville, VA 22904-4400 - - 2014
Cross-sectional and longitudinal data from moderately large samples of healthy adults confirmed prior findings of age-related declines in measures of the quantity of word knowledge beginning around age 65. Additional analyses were carried out to investigate the interrelations of different types of vocabulary knowledge at various periods in adulthood. Although ...
Harstad Elizabeth B EB Division of Developmental Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
There is ongoing concern that stimulant medications may adversely affect growth. In a sample of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) cases and controls from a population-based birth cohort, we assessed growth and the association between stimulant treatment and growth. Subjects included childhood ADHD cases (N = 340) and controls (N = 680) ...
Alessio Redaelli - - 2014
Over the last few years, there have been a number of important changes in how we appreciate and understand the aging face. Volume loss is now recognized as a major component of facial aging. Treatment options that replace lost volume are increasingly used for recontouring and rejuvenation of the aging ...
Chau N P T NP Department of Preventive and Institute of Oral Bioscience, BK21 Plus Program, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Republic of - - 2014
To determine the relationships between the antibacterial activity of NaOCl and treatment time and biofilm age in early Enterococcus faecalis biofilms using a linear-fitting procedure. E. faecalis biofilms were formed on hydroxyapatite discs. To investigate the relationship between the antibacterial activity of NaOCl and biofilm age, 22-, 46-, 70-, and ...
Seino Yutomo Y aDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kitasato, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan bUniversity of Auckland, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Grafton, Auckland, New - - 2014
Aging may affect the voice through either physiological or pathological changes. Globally society is aging and the working lifetime is extending. Increasing numbers of elderly will present with voice issues. This review examines current thinking regarding surgical treatment of the aging voice. The mainstay of surgical treatment remains injection laryngoplasty ...
Korosue K K Hidaka Training and Research Center, Japan Racing Association, 535-13 Aza-Nishicha, Urakawa-cho, Urakawa-gun, Hokkaido 057-0171, - - 2014
Flexural deformities are common conditions of growing horses and are suggested to have a relationship with the contraction of musculotendinous units. However, limited studies have documented the changes in each tendon and ligament in the metacarpal region with age. To investigate the changes in the cross-sectional area (CSA) of each ...
Betzel Richard F RF Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, - - 2014
At rest, the brain's sensorimotor and higher cognitive systems engage in organized patterns of correlated activity forming resting-state networks. An important empirical question is how functional connectivity and structural connectivity within and between resting-state networks change with age. In this study we use network modeling techniques to identify significant changes ...
Aboshiha Jonathan J Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, 11-43 Bath Street, London, EC1V 9EL, United - - 2014
Purpose: To longitudinally characterize retinal structure and function in achromatopsia (ACHM) in preparation for clinical gene therapy trials. Methods: 38 molecularly confirmed ACHM subjects underwent serial assessments, including spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), microperimetry, and fundus autofluorescence (FAF). Foveal structure on SD-OCT was graded and compared for evidence of ...
Lucidi Fabio F Department of Psychology of Development and Socialization Processes, Sapienza, University of Rome, Via Dei Marsi, 78-00185 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although there are several studies on the effects of personality and attitudes on risky driving among young drivers, related research in older drivers is scarce. The present study assessed a model of personality-attitudes-risky driving in a large sample of active older drivers. A cross-sectional design was used, and structured and ...
Lima A R AR Laboratory of Animal Morphology Research (LAMR), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Rural University of Amazonia (UFRA), Presidente Tancredo Neves Av., n° 2501, Montese, Belem, Para, 66.077-530, - - 2014
Forest destruction has progressively hampered the survival of many species, and this is why it is so important to study of the lives of primates in captivity. This study aimed to describe the morphological aspects of the female reproductive tract of Sapajus apella. We used five animals obtained from the ...
Fannin Jacqueline J Department of Pharmacology, Physiology, and Toxicology, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, - - 2014
The Fischer 344/NNiaHSD × Brown Norway/BiNia F1 (F344xBN) rat model exhibits an increased life span and fewer age-associated pathologies compared to commonly used Fischer 344 (F344). How aging may affect cardiac structure and function in these animals, has to our knowledge, not been investigated. Echocardiography was performed on female F344xBN rats at ...
Aksoy Ceren C Department of Biotechnology, Middle East Technical University, 06800, Ankara, - - 2014
Stem cell studies hold enormous potential for development of new therapies for tissue regeneration and repair. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) can differentiate into a variety of non-hematopoietic tissues and contribute maintenance of healthy hematopoiesis by providing supportive cellular microenvironment into BM. Here, we investigated age-related differences in BM-MSCs ...
Ciocca Giacomo G School of Sexology, Department of Clinical; Applied and Biotechnological Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, - - 2014
Differences in facial preferences between heterosexual men and women are well documented. It is still a matter of debate, however, how variations in sexual identity/sexual orientation may modify the facial preferences. This study aims to investigate the facial preferences of male-to-female (MtF) individuals with gender dysphoria (GD) and the influence ...
Sekine Michikazu M Department of Epidemiology and Health Policy, University of Toyama, - - 2014
This study examines (1) whether there are employment grade and gender differences in job dissatisfaction and (2) whether work, family, and personality characteristics explain grade and gender differences in job dissatisfaction. The participants were 3,812 civil servants, aged 20-65, working at a local government in Japan. In both males and ...
Jang Andrew T AT Division of Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Department of Preventive and Restorative Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, 707 Parnassus Avenue, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate age related changes in physical (structure/mechanical properties) and chemical (elemental/inorganic mineral content) properties of cementum layers interfacing dentin. Human mandibular molars (N=43) were collected and sorted by age (younger=19-39, middle=40-60, older=61-81 years). The structures of primary and secondary cementum (PC, SC) types ...
Davey Marie L ML Section for Genetics and Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, Norway; Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, - - 2014
Recent studies have revealed an unexpectedly high, cryptic diversity of fungi associated with boreal forest bryophytes. Forestry practices heavily influence the boreal forest and fundamentally transform the landscape. However, little is known about how bryophyte-associated fungal communities are affected by these large scale habitat transformations. This study assesses to what ...
Scheper Mark C - - 2014
Generalized Joint Hypermobility (GJH) has been found to be associated with musculoskeletal complaints and disability. For others GJH is seen as a prerequisite in order to excel in certain sports like dance. However, it remains unclear what the role is of GJH in human performance. Therefore, the purpose of the ...
LaMont Lauren L *Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY †Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery, Paracelsus Medical University Hospital, Salzburg, Austria ‡Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, - - 2014
Accessory ossicles of the medial malleolus have been reported, however, these have not been linked to a pattern of development and are considered anomalies. Here, we describe a pattern of ossification of the medial malleolus in children including a secondary ossification center. Twenty anteroposterior (AP) and mortise x-rays of each ...
Towers Andy A School of Health and Social Services, Massey University, Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North, New Zealand, - - 2014
We assessed whether the original three-factor structure of the older adult CASP-12 Quality of Life (QOL) scale was stable for both indigenous and non-indigenous older adult populations in the same non-European country (i.e. New Zealand). A total of 3076 New Zealanders aged 50-84 (Māori = 1,130; non-Māori sample = 1,946) completed a postal survey ...
Jia Xiaofang X State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130022, China. - - 2014
Self-assembled thiolated Ag nanoclusters (NCs) were facilely synthesized through one-pot microwave-assisted reaction. By the mechanism of aggregation induced emission, the quantum yield of the AgNCs is as high as 25.6%. The as-prepared AgNCs give access to intriguing photophysical features and multicolour emission, which are found to be related to their ...
Gardner Andy A School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9TH, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Grafen (2014) has shown that, although the total reproductive value of females is not generally equal to that of males in an age-structured population under diploidy and autosomal inheritance, the total reproductive value of juvenile females is equal to that of juvenile males, assuming a stable class distribution. It is ...
Marwan Yousef Abbas YA 1Division of Orthopaedic Trauma, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Al-Razi Orthopaedic Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait 2Department of Radiology, Al-Amiri Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait 3Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Health Sciences Center, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait 4Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Health Sciences Center, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait 5Department of Radiology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, - - 2014
Study Design. Cross-sectional, retrospective.Objective. To identify morphologic and morphometric features of the coccyx among adult Arabs.Summary of Background Data. Different sacrococcygeal morphologic features were found to be associated with coccydynia.Methods. Review of 202 computerized tomography scans of adult Arab subjects was done (mean age: 47.98 ± 16.46 years). Sacrococcygeal morphologic ...
Morrisette-Thomas Vincent V Groupe de recherche PRIMUS, Department of Family Medicine, University of Sherbrooke, CHUS-Fleurimont, 3001 12eAvenue North, Sherbrooke, QC, J1H 5N4, - - 2014
Many biodemographic studies use biomarkers of inflammation to understand or predict chronic disease and aging. Inflamm-aging, i.e. chronic low-grade inflammation during aging, is commonly characterized by pro-inflammatory biomarkers. However, most studies use just one marker at a time, sometimes leading to conflicting results due to complex interactions among the markers. ...
Singh Garvita G School of Biotechnology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, U.P., - - 2014
In the present work, we describe a simple, cheap, and unexplored method for "Green" synthesis of AgNPs using the cell extracts of the cyanobacterium, Anabaena doliolum. An attempt was also made to test the antimicrobial and antitumor activity of synthesized nanoparticles. Analytical techniques namely UV-vis spectroscopy, X ray diffraction (XRD), ...
Giannakopoulos Nikolaos N - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine, on the basis of masticatory performance (MP), total muscle work (TMW), and range of movement (RoM), whether reduction of the profile of the cusps results in loss of the biomechanical effectiveness of chewing by healthy dentate patients. Methods: Twenty healthy patients ...
Boone Liesbet L Department of Developmental, Social, and Personality Psychology, Ghent - - 2014
Although abundant research has shown that self-critical perfectionism relates to binge eating symptoms, fewer studies have addressed the role of intervening processes that might explain why this is the case. Grounded in self-determination theory, we hypothesized that self-critical perfectionism would relate to an increased risk for binge eating symptoms because ...
Stern N N Department of Zoology, Faculty of Life Science, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, - - 2014
As part of a comprehensive study of trawl fishery catch off Israel (Ashdod) and Turkey (Iskenderun and Antalya) conducted during 2008-2011, the population explosion of Nemipterus randalli, first recorded in the Mediterranean Sea in the beginning of 2005, was documented. The smallest individuals occurred on deeper bottoms (120 m), significantly more ...
Rai R K RK Department of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, - - 2014
This work provides an electrodeposition-based methodology for synthesizing multicomponent nanowires containing Ag, Co and Ni atoms. Nanowire morphology was obtained by using an anodic alumina membrane with cylindrical pores of ∼200-nm diameter. Structural, compositional and magnetic characterization revealed that the as-synthesized nanowires adopted a core-shell microstructure. The core (axial region) ...
Han Yong - - 2014
Far-from-equilibrium shape and structure evolution during formation and post-assembly sintering of bimetallic nanoclusters is extremely sensitive to the periphery diffusion and intermixing kinetics. Precise characterization of the many distinct local-environment-dependent diffusion barriers is achieved for epitaxial nanoclusters using DFT to assess interaction energies both with atoms at adsorption sites and ...
Lv Weiqiang W School of Energy Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (UESTC), Chengdu 611731 (P. R. - - 2014
In the field of oriented-attachment crystal growth, one-dimensional nanocrystals are frequently employed as building blocks to synthesize two-dimensional or large-aspect-ratio one-dimensional nanocrystals. Despite recent extensive experimental advances, the underlying inter-particle interaction in the synthesis still remains elusive. In this report, using Ag as a platform, we investigate the van der ...
Sadeghi Babak B Department of Chemistry, Guilan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Guilan, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the present work, we describe the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) using seed aqueous extract of Pistacia atlantica (PA) and its antibacterial activity. UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray energy dispersive spectrophotometer (EDAX) were ...
Anderson Rachel M RM Psychology Department and Neuroscience Program, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa - - 2014
Cognitive decline in aging is marked by considerable variability, with some individuals experiencing significant impairments and others retaining intact functioning. Whereas previous studies have linked elevated hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity with impaired hippocampal function during aging, the idea has languished regarding whether such differences may underlie the deterioration of other ...
Lopes C C Centro de Física, Universidade do Minho, 4710-057, Braga, - - 2014
DC reactive magnetron sputtered Ag:TiO2 nanocomposite thin films were developed to be used as protective coatings in pressure sensor devices. The coatings, with Ag content varying from 0 to about 30 at.%, were prepared and characterized in order to study their biological response. The as-deposited samples were annealed in vacuum ...
Rubin Mark G MG Md Associate Professor of Dermatology, University of California, San Diego; Private Practice, Beverly Hills, - - 2014
Many patients seeking rejuvenation treatment have readily apparent age-related changes in facial features. Others exhibit more subtle changes that nonetheless can be corrected to achieve a more youthful appearance. In the following article, four specialists in aesthetic dermatology discuss how injectable hyaluronic acid-based fillers and neurotoxins can achieve rejuvenation without ...
Hoerster Robert R Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
The individual outcome of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment in neovascular age-related macular degeneration is variable. To investigate the prognostic value of spectral domain optical coherence tomography structures for best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) outcome, volumetric analysis of spectral domain optical coherence tomography structures was performed in neovascular age-related macular degeneration ...
Takahara Ryuji R Faculty of Business Administration, Osaka University of Economics, - - 2014
Objectives: This study investigated the characteristics of the age-job satisfaction relationship for public school teachers. Past studies examining this relationship have found both linear and non-linear relationships. However, such studies have yet to examine these relationships by comparing job satisfaction of teachers with that of company employees in the same ...
Tucker-Drob Elliot M EM Department of - - 2014
Aging-related changes occur for multiple domains of cognitive functioning. An accumulating body of research indicates that, rather than representing statistically independent phenomena, aging-related cognitive changes are moderately to strongly correlated across domains. However, previous studies have typically been conducted in age-heterogeneous samples over longitudinal time lags of 6 or more ...
Siedlecki Karen L KL Department of Psychology, Fordham University, 113 West 60th Street, New York, NY 10023, - - 2014
The relationships among types of social support and different facets of subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect) were examined in a sample of 1,111 individuals between the ages of 18 and 95. Using structural equation modeling we found that life satisfaction was predicted by enacted and ...
Lima Alaine Souza AS UPE, Petrolina, PE, - - 2014
To describe the prevalence of headache and its interference in the activities of daily living (ADL) in female adolescent students. This descriptive cross-sectional study enrolled 228 female adolescents from a public school in the city of Petrolina, Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil, aged ten to 19 years. A self-administered structured questionnaire about ...
Korkmaz Cem C Gulhane Military Hospital IVF - - 2014
Summary The aim of this study was to determine the morphological characteristics of the older reproductive aged women's oocytes and to reveal the influence of these characteristics on intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes. The oocytes of women older than 35 years of age were evaluated retrospectively. Non-invasive polarization microscopy (PolScope) ...
Engen Steinar S Centre for Biodiversity Dynamics, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491, Trondheim, - - 2014
An extension of the selection differential in the Robertson-Price equation for the mean phenotype in an age-structured population is provided. Temporal changes in the mean phenotype caused by transient fluctuations in the age-distribution and variation in mean phenotype among age classes, which can mistakenly be interpreted as selection, will disappear ...
Costa Evila C EC Graduate Programme in Agroecology, Maranhão State University (UEMA), PO Box 09, São Luís, MA, - - 2014
Both prey density and developmental stage of pests and natural enemies are known to influence the effectiveness of biological control. However, little is known about the interaction between prey density and population structure on predation and fecundity of generalist predatory mites. Here, we evaluated the functional response (number of prey ...
Ravaiano Samira Veiga SV Departamento de Entomologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), 36570-900, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
The sensilla of insects are integumental units that play a role as sensory structures and are crucial for the perception of stimuli and for communication. In this study, we compared the antennal sensilla of females (workers and queens), males (haploid (n) and diploid (2n)), and queen-like males (QLMs, resulting from ...
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