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Results 401 - 450 of 2479
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Mahajan Narinder - - 2012
To evaluate the health status, age of menopause, and its symptomatology amongst Himachali middle-aged women. A community based cross-sectional study was done from Jul 07 to Jan 08. A structured questionnaire was given to 100 menopausal women from general community of Himachal Pradesh in Shimla. Mean age of menopause was ...
Patil Virendra C - - 2012
Recent studies have found that there is a strong association between ischemic heart disease (IHD) and hypertension (HTN) with spirometric indices. To study the prevalence of obstructive airway disease (OAD) in non-smoker subjects with IHD and HTN and to compare them with healthy population. This was a prospective, case-control, and ...
Richardson Kathryn K The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing, Department of Medical Gerontology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland. - - 2012
Vascular disease is associated with increased risk of dementia. Vascular health worsens with age. We investigated the relationship between self-reported vascular disease and brain pathology. Brain donations to the population-based MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (n=456, age range 66-103 years) were assessed using a standard protocol for Alzheimer's disease ...
Nagai Michiaki - - 2012
BackgroundAging and hypertension are well-known risk factors for cerebral white matter lesions. Prothrombotic status has been shown to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In this study, we investigated the relationships among prothrombotic status, ambulatory blood pressure (ABP), and white matter hyperintensity (WMH) in elderly hypertensives.MethodsMeasurement of prothrombin fragments ...
Frieberg Bradley - - 2012
Time-dependent changes of thermodynamic properties due to structural relaxations and physical aging occur in all glasses. We show that the physical aging of thin supported films of star-shaped macromolecules, with f arms of length N_{arm}, exhibits average aging dynamics that are sensitive to f and N_{arm}. Regions of the films ...
Mizuno Ju - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pre-anesthesia hypertension (PAH) is the temporary elevation of blood pressure (BP), compared with normal ambulatory recorded BP or self-measured BP at home, in patients waiting for operation in the operating room (OR) before anesthesia induction. In general, the incidence of sustained hypertension (SH) increases progressively with age and the ...
Scridon Alina - - 2012
Experimental models of unprovoked atrial tachyarrhythmias (AT) in conscious, ambulatory animals are lacking. We hypothesized that the aging, spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) may provide such a model. Baseline ECG recordings were acquired with radiotelemetry in 8 young (14-wk-old) and 8 aging (55-wk-old) SHRs, and in 2 groups of 4 age-matched ...
Yi Sun Shin - - 2012
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a neuropeptide with vasoconstrictive, antidiuretic, cardiovascular regulative and hepatic glycogenolysis effects, that also affects other behaviors including modulating learning. A number of studies on AVP regulation have been conducted in various metabolic diseases (disorders). In this study, the immunoreactivities of AVP in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) ...
Yao W-M - - 2012
Elevated levels of circulating triglycerides and increased arterial stiffness are associated with cardiovascular disease. Numerous studies have reported an association between levels of circulating triglycerides and arterial stiffness. We used Mendelian randomization to test whether this association is causal. We investigated the association between circulating triglyceride levels, the apolipoprotein A-V ...
Hoshino Junko - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  To examine the characteristics of hypertension-related factors in female family caregivers in Japan who provide care in the home, in comparison with general community non-caregivers. Background.  Hypertension is more frequently encountered in female caregivers than in non-caregivers. Lifestyle factors including sleep and eating habits differ in Japanese ...
Awa Wendy Lum - - 2012
AIM: To characterize the clinical phenotype of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) with respect to age, gender and body mass index. METHOD: Anonymized data of 120,183 people with T2DM from the German/Austrian multicentre DPV database were analyzed based on chronological age or age at diagnosis (0-19 years, 20-39 years, 40-59 years, ...
Yang Seungmi - - 2012
Women live much longer than men in Korea, with remarkable gains in life expectancy at birth for the past decades. The gender differential has steadily increased over time, reaching a peak of more than 8 years in 1980s, and decreased thereafter to 6.7 years in 2005. Studies to investigate the ...
El Morsi Doaa A - - 2013
Measurements of hand bones length have been shown to be sexually dimorphic in many nationalities. The aim of this study is to assess the accuracy of sex determination from the length of all metacarpals and phalanges of right and left hands using X-ray radiographs and to develop a discriminant formula ...
Siegel Martin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This article examines whether the social health gradients in diabetes, hypertension and obesity for men and women vary significantly across different age groups. METHODS: We use a pooled sample of German survey data from the years 2002 and 2006 with a total of 87,601 observations. We employ a varying ...
Karaye Kamilu M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, determinants and correlates of right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction (RVSD and RVDD, respectively) in hypertensives, stratified by left ventricular (LV) geometric patterns. The study was carried out in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital in Kano, Nigeria, and was cross-sectional ...
Spečkauskas Martynas - - 2012
To determine the prevalence of pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) in Lithuanian urban population and its association with ischaemic heart disease (IHD), arterial hypertension (AH) and diabetes mellitus (DM). In this population-based study, 1065 participants aged 45-72 years were randomly drawn from the population register of Kaunas, Lithuania. They were classified as ...
Riosmena Fernando - - 2012
In this paper, we assess the role of policies aimed at regulating the number and age structure of elections on the size and age structure of five European Academies of Sciences. We show the recent pace of ageing and the degree of variation in policies across them and discuss the ...
Ayala Carma - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:447-454. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The authors estimated the prevalence of taking action to reduce intake related to actual sodium consumption among 2970 nonpregnant US adults 18 years and older with self-reported hypertension by using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004. Adjusted ...
Brophy Sinead S Swansea University, Wales, UK. Electron. - - 2012
To examine if people with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are at higher risk of acute myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke compared to those without AS. Primary care records were linked with all hospital admissions and deaths caused by MI or stroke in Wales for the years 1999-2010. The linked data were ...
Kim Nan Hee - - 2012
The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) level within the normal range and incident hypertension according to drinking and obesity status in nonhypertensive individuals. We followed up 4783 normotensive adults (mean age = 44 years) who had serum GGT levels within the ...
Zheng Xi - - 2012
To investigate the prevalence, self-awareness, and treatment of hypertension in Lhasa, Tibet, a total of 1370 native Tibetan aged ≥18 years were selected, using stratified proportional sampling. The study showed that the prevalence of hypertension was 51.2%, significantly higher in men (56.0%) than in women (48.0%) (P = .004). The ...
Kotliar Konstantin E - - 2012
It was demonstrated previously that retinal pulse wave velocity (rPWV) as a measure of retinal arterial stiffness is increased in aged anamnestically healthy volunteers compared with young healthy subjects. Using novel methodology of rPWV assessment this finding was confirmed and investigated whether it might relate to the increased blood pressure ...
Lee Yu-Ji - - 2012
The temporal relationship between simple renal cysts and incident hypertension is unknown. In this study, we assessed the time-dependent relationship between simple renal cysts and incident hypertension in a cohort of healthy middle-aged men. A cohort study was conducted with data for 4516 healthy men with no evidence of hypertension ...
Shu K-H - - 2012
Kidney transplantation (KT) is associated with increased incidence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, metabolic syndrome, and posttransplant diabetes mellitus that promote the development of coronary artery calcification (CAC). The aim of the current study was to elucidate the extent of CAC and its risk factors among KT patients. A cross-sectional study was ...
Bhupatiraju Charita - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Essential hypertension is known to be associated with growth, development, and aging of humans. Telomeres are specialized nucleoprotein complexes consisting of tandem repeats of DNA sequences (TTAGGG)n that serve as protective caps of human chromosomes. Telomere length is considered as a biomarker of aging in somatic cells. In the ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2012
Aim. We sought to investigate the prevalence and correlates of severe left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in relation to age in a large cohort of essential hypertensives referred to a single outpatient hypertension clinic. Methods. A total of 3752 (mean age 53 ± 13 years, 53% men) untreated (29.5%) and treated hypertensive patients ...
Palatini P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To examine the impact of overweight and obesity on development of target organ damage in the early stage of hypertension.SUBJECTS:Participants were 727 young-to-middle-age subjects screened for stage 1 hypertension and followed for 8 years.MEASUREMENTS:Ambulatory blood pressure (BP), albumin excretion rate and echocardiographic data were obtained at entry, every 5 years ...
Breitsameter Guilherme - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The quality of delivered dialysis can be measured by the Kt/V ratio, which can be calculated in various ways. OBJECTIVE: To compare the Kt/V ratio obtained with the formulas of Lowrie (L) and Daugirdas (D) with the results measured by an Online Clearance Monitor (OCM). Method: Observational, cross-sectional study ...
Javed Fahad - - 2012
Recent studies have shown that hypertension is inversely correlated with bone mineral density (BMD) as determined by dual energy x-ray absorptiometery (DXA) in different ethnic groups. But in most published studies, either the sample size was small or the study was limited by different measurement methods. These limitations leave this ...
Chen Chang-Hung - - 2012
Introduction: Silent brain infarctions (SBI) commonly go unnoticed due to the subtlety of their neurological signs. However, there is the risk of subsequent symptomatic stroke and dementia. A better understanding of the risk factors of SBI may help accurately predict those who will require treatment. Methods: This one-year retrospective study ...
Andrade Fabíola Bof de - - 2012
The scope of this study was to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its association with socio-economic status in a sample of non-institutionalized elderly people from Vitória-ES, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional survey with a sample of 882 elderly people aged 60 and over. Obesity and overweight were ...
Osuji Charles U - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease risk factors have a tendency to cluster. The presence of such a cluster in an individual has been designated the metabolic syndrome (MetS). There is a paucity of reports of the prevalence of MetS in hypertensive patients in south east Nigeria. This study was undertaken to determine the ...
Lyra Rüy - - 2012
The objectives of this study are to estimate the prevalence of arterial hypertension (AH) in an adult population with a predominance of families with low education and income levels, in the hinterlands of Pernambuco, Brazil, and to analyze its association with other factors related to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). A cross-sectional ...
Doshi Shrenik R SR All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. - - 2012
Acromegaly has several cardiovascular manifestations of which cardiomyopathy (CMP) and hypertension (HTN) are important and contribute to the increased mortality associated with the disease. Both these manifestations are reversible with treatment. However, very advanced CMP with severe systolic dysfunction has low likelihood of reversal. The reversibility is higher in young ...
Merillou N - - 2012
Salt-based aging plays an important part in the realism of scenes featuring stone structures and monuments. A proposed model, based on physical behaviors and principles, replaces the simulation of complex physical formulations with ad hoc algorithms. It leads to plausible results, ultimately helping designers create aging patterns on affected objects.
Cao Zhong-Qiang - - 2012
BackgroundThere is little information regarding the obesity epidemical situation and risk factors of childhood hypertension (HTN) in China. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of HTN/prehypertension (PHTN), as well as the associated risk factors, among adolescents in Changsha city, China.MethodsA total of 88,974 adolescents from 49 middle schools ...
Yang Song - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are produced by non-enzymatic glycation or glycoxidation of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. The bond of AGEs and the receptor of AGE (AGER) in a pro-oxidant environment could induce immune and inflammation reaction involved in progress of microvascular disease. Accumulated evidence warrant further study ...
Curtis S L - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:IAs are found in 2.3% of adults; the mean age at detection is 52 years. Prevalence is <0.5% in young adults. Early studies suggest that 10%-50% of patients with aortic coarctation have IAs. Screening recommendations are variable. We sought to examine the prevalence of IAs through screening with ...
Pausova Zdenka - - 2012
Excess body fat deposited viscerally rather than elsewhere in the body is associated with higher risk for hypertension; this relationship is stronger in men than in women. Here we investigated whether similar sex dimorphism exists already in adolescence. A population-based sample of adolescent boys (n=237) and girls (n=262), age 12 ...
Juutilainen Auni - - 2012
We evaluated the temporary trend in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of subjects aged from 25 to 74 years between two cross-sectional population surveys in 2002 and in 2007. The mean eGFR across age-groups, the prevalences of eGFR categories, and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3-5 defined by ...
Erceg Marijan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish a five-year cumulative incidence of arterial hypertension (hereinafter 5-CIAH) and its dependence on initial prehypertension, body weight, age and gender "Croatian Adult Health Cohort Study (CroHort)" data collected during 2003 and 2008 for the 1383 subjects aged 18 + with initially normal ...
Wang Zhen - - 2012
We study the evolution of cooperation in evolutionary spatial games when the payoff correlates with the increasing age of players (the level of correlation is set through a single parameter, α). The demographic heterogeneous age distribution, directly affecting the outcome of the game, is thus shown to be responsible for ...
Albin Björn - - 2012
Background. Regional variations in mortality and morbidity have been shown in Europe and USA. Longitudinal studies have found increased mortality, dissimilarities in mortality pattern, and differences in utilization of healthcare between foreign- and native-born Swedes. No study has been found comparing mortality among foreign-born and native-born Swedes in relation to ...
Newman Jamie - - 2012
Background. Very little is known about older adults accessing HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa. Materials and Methods. Data were obtained from 18,839 HIV-positive adults at 10 treatment programs in Burundi, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. We compared characteristics of those aged 50+ with those aged 18-49 using chi-square ...
Jancso Z - - 2012
Background: Treatment and care of elderly patients with diabetes and hypertension means a hard task in primary care. Patients with these two components of metabolic syndrome are often overweight or obese. Although some parameters of metabolic syndrome are usually measured in a medical setting, checking body weight is usually done ...
Erceg Marijan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore how the association of 5-year cumulative incidence of arterial hypertension (further 5-CIAH) and education varies according to body weight, age and sex. The study was conducted on cohort of 1383 subjects aged 18+ with initially normal blood pressure (systolic < 140 mmHg ...
Yao Xiao-Ying - - 2012
Background. Evidences are accumulating that age and gender have great impact on the distribution of stroke risk factors. Such data are lacking in Chinese population. Methods. 1027 patients with first-ever ischemic stroke (IS) were recruited and divided into young adult (<50 years), middle-aged (50∼80 years), and very old (>80 years) ...
Gao Junfeng - - 2012
Using ab initio methods, we have investigated the structures and stabilities of Si(N) clusters (N ≤ 24) on Ag(111) surface as the initial stage of silicene growth. Unlike the dome-shaped graphene clusters, Si clusters prefer nearly flat structures with low buckling, more stable than directly deposition of the 3D freestanding ...
Haas Gerda-Maria - - 2012
Although childhood overweight and obesity are increasing worldwide, some countries report trends for stabilization. However, the trend for the potentially atherogenic components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children and adolescents is not well understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the trend of the five components ...
Mirea Oana - - 2012
Aging is associated with changes in arterial wall structure and function that exceed physiological adaptation, with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. The most consistent structural changes are luminal enlargement (dilatation), wall thickening (remodeling), and a reduction of elastic properties. Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the functional changes ...
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