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Borrell Asunción - - 2013
In pelagic species inhabiting large oceans, genetic differentiation tends to be mild and populations devoid of structure. However, large cetaceans have provided many examples of structuring. Here we investigate whether the sperm whale, a pelagic species with large population sizes and reputedly highly mobile, shows indication of structuring in the ...
Randrianambinintsoa Fano José - - 2013
An identification key of the Phlebotomus in Madagascar is proposed as well as the description of the male and female Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus) vaomalalae n. sp. from Mikea Forest in the south-west of Madagascar. The assignation of this new species to the genus Phlebotomus is based on the presence of mesanepisternal ...
Tijms Betty M BM Alzheimer Center and Department of Neurology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Coordinated patterns of cortical morphology have been described as structural graphs and previous research has demonstrated that properties of such graphs are altered in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, it remains unknown how these alterations are related to cognitive deficits in individuals, as such graphs are restricted to group-level analysis. In ...
Yamaoka Arao - - 2013
The electrocardiogram of nonhuman primates is similar to that of humans because of similar intrathoracic heart position and structure. Despite the frequent use of nonhuman primates in biologic studies, few electrocardiographic studies of Japanese monkeys (Macaca fusucata) have been reported, and no reference data are available for this species. We ...
Wang Ying - - 2013
We compared sexual and reproductive health (SRH)-related knowledge, attitude and behavior among unmarried rural-urban female migrants in Shanghai coming from different regions of China. A total of 944 unmarried rural-urban female migrants were recruited from three districts of Shanghai. We used an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire to collect information from each ...
Wang Zhiguo Z Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Mianyang Normal University, Mianyang 621000, People's Republic of - - 2013
The asymmetric unit of the title coordination complex, [Ag2Br2(C5H8N2)2] n , comprises a monodentate 1-ethyl-imida-zole ligand, an Ag(+) cation and a μ3-bridging Br(-) anion, giving a distorted tetra-hedral AgNBr3 stereochemistry about the Ag(+) cation [Ag-N = 2.247 (2) Å and Ag-Br = 2.7372 (4)-2.7523 (4) Å]. Two bridging bromide anions generate the dimeric [Ag2Br2(C5H8N)2] repeat ...
Huang Wenhui - - 2013
A middle-aged Chinese woman presented with a slowly enlarging mass over the right side of her face that was later proven histologically to be a plexiform neurofibroma. This was associated with a localised depression over her right temple. There were no other features of neurofibromatosis-1. The presentation and biological behaviour ...
Tammaro A - - 2013
In human genital skin the majority of superficial sensory corpuscles is represented by glomerular corpuscles. These corpuscles show an own morphology. Our aim is to compare the ultra-structure of superficial sensory corpuscles in the penis skin of younger and older subjects. In this report the ultra-structure of the sensitive corpuscle ...
Raddatz Günter - - 2013
Altered DNA methylation patterns represent an attractive mechanism for understanding the phenotypic changes associated with human aging. Several studies have described global and complex age-related methylation changes, but their structural and functional significance has remained largely unclear. We have used transcriptome sequencing to characterize age-related gene expression changes in the ...
Trukhina Antonina V AV Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg 199034, - - 2013
The review deals with features of sex determination in vertebrates. The mechanisms of sex determination are compared between fishes, amphibians, reptilians, birds, and mammals. We focus on structural and functional differences in the role of sex-determining genes in different vertebrates. Special attention is paid to the role of estrogens in ...
Crooks Neil - - 2013
The dermal layers of several elasmobranch species have been shown to be sexually dimorphic. Generally, when this occurs the females have thicker dermal layers compared to those of males. This sexual dimorphism has been suggested to occur as a response to male biting during mating. Although male biting as a ...
Ramos-Cejudo Juan J Universidad Complutense - - 2013
The Meta-cognitions Questionnaire 30 (MCQ-30; Wells & Cartwright-Hatton, 2004) has been used to assess individual differences in metacognitive beliefs considered to be central in the metacognitive theory of generalized anxiety disorder (Wells, 2005). In the present study, the psychometric properties, reliability, and validity of a Spanish adaptation of the MCQ-30 ...
Albay S - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the absence of the palmaris longus, the proportion of the lengths of tendon and muscle belly, the development of the tendon and the belly during the fetal period, look for any difference between sides and gender. Fifty-eight spontaneously aborted human fetuses (26 ...
Defaveri Jacquelin - - 2013
Average age and maximum life span of breeding adult three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) were determined in eight Fennoscandian localities with the aid of skeletochronology. The average age varied from 1.8 to 3.6 years, and maximum life span from three to six years depending on the locality. On average, fish from ...
Kurina Olavi O Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi st 5D, 51014 Tartu, - - 2013
A new species of Mycetophilidae, Cordyla australica sp. n., is described from continental Australia and Tasmania, representing the first Cordyla record in the region. A detailed description of its morphology with illustrations of male and female terminalia and a map of the collecting localities are provided. According to the structure ...
Palacios Adrian G - - 2013
The Octodon degu is a native rodent species from South America, which lives in colonies with a well-structured social organization grouping of 5-10 young and 2-5 adult animals sharing a burrow system. They show a temperature-dependent diurnal-crepuscular activity pattern. In nature they rarely survive 2 yr, mostly because of predation. ...
Angell Ruth L - - 2013
Social structure evolves from a trade-off between the costs and benefits of group-living, which are in turn dependent upon the distribution of key resources such as food and shelter. Males and females, or juveniles and adults, may have different priorities when selecting habitat due to differences in physiological or behavioural ...
Pond Stephen S ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, - - 2013
Many aspects of faces derived from structural information appear to be neurally represented using norm-based opponent coding. Recently, however, Zhao, Seriès, Hancock, and Bednar (2011) have argued that another aspect with a strong structural component, namely face gender, is instead multichannel coded. Their conclusion was based on finding that face ...
Dubey Sylvain - - 2013
Information on the age structure within populations of an endangered species can facilitate effective management. The Blue Mountains Water Skink (Eulamprus leuraensis) is a viviparous scincid lizard that is restricted to < 40 isolated montane swamps in south-eastern Australia. We used skeletochronology of phalanges (corroborated by mark-recapture data) to estimate ...
Fernández-Juricic Esteban - - 2013
BACKGROUND: MALE AND FEMALE AVIAN BROOD PARASITES ARE SUBJECT TO DIFFERENT SELECTION PRESSURES: males compete for mates but do not provide parental care or territories and only females locate hosts to lay eggs. This sex difference may affect brain architecture in some avian brood parasites, but relatively little is known ...
Spencer Rosario R Universidad de Talca - - 2013
Though the study of romantic attachment has expanded into all areas of psychology, it remains the case that there is no valid, reliable test available to measure it in Latin America. The present research objective was to adapt a Chilean version of the Experiences in Close Relationships (ECR; Brennan, Clark, ...
Moriya Shingo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess relationships among perceived chewing ability, dentition status, muscle strength and balance in community-dwelling older adults using analysis of moment structures (Amos). BACKGROUND: Physical performance parameters such as muscle strength and balance can predict the future onset of disabilities in activities of ...
Guo Yubao - - 2012
Structural changes in albumin, globulin, glutelin, and prolamin from fresh and aged rice were characterized in this study. Infrared and Raman spectroscopies revealed changes in interactions between protein and starch, and the occurrence of structural changes involving secondary and tertiary structures of protein induced by rice aging. The α-helical structure ...
Chen Zi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the factor structure of the 144-item Chinese version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and its association with age and gender in a large non-clinical population. METHOD: We recruited 1966 non-clinical participants in China who completed the TCI Chinese version. They were randomly divided into two ...
Kim Kyoung Min - - 2012
In light of the differences in hip fracture rates between men and women of different ages, age-related changes in bone structure that lead to bone fragility might differ depending on both age and gender. To investigate age-related bone loss and geometric deterioration of the femur, hip scans of 1,504 men ...
Niileksela Christopher R - - 2012
The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) is by the far the most popular intelligence test for the assessment of adults in clinical and neuropsychological practice. Despite a number of studies examining the factor structure of the WAIS-IV from a Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) perspective (Benson, Hulac, & Kranzler, 2010; Ward, Bergman, ...
Pudrovska Tetyana T Department of Sociology & Crime, Law and Justice, Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA 16802, USA. - - 2013
This study examines the association between early-life socioeconomic status (SES) at age 18 and physical activity (PA) at age 65, elucidates mechanisms explaining this association, and explores gender differences in mediating pathways. Multigroup structural equation modeling is applied to the 1957 to 2004 data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS). ...
Molina-Morales Mercedes - - 2012
Brood parasites usually reduce their host's breeding success, resulting in strong selection for the evolution of host defences. Intriguingly, some host individuals/populations show no defence against parasitism, which has been explained within the frame of three different evolutionary hypotheses. One of these hypotheses posits that intermediate levels of defence at ...
Sun Xiaohui - - 2012
Due to the antimicrobial properties and the widespread use of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) in commercial products, the prevalent Ag NPs in waste streams can decrease the effectiveness of biological wastewater treatments. To determine the effects of Ag NPs on the complex microbial communities present in activated sludge, detailed knowledge of ...
Baker Joshua F JF Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
The objective of this study was to identify independent associations between body composition and bone outcomes, including cortical structure and cortical and trabecular volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) across the adult age spectrum. This cross-sectional study evaluated over 400 healthy adults (48% male, 44% black race), ages 21-78years. Multivariable linear ...
Nehlig Emilie - - 2012
A new type of photoinitiator for free radical polymerization was synthesized and characterized. 2-(11-Mercaptoundecyloxy)thioxanthone (1) was anchored at the surface of silver nanoparticles (NPs), and the interaction of plasmon field generated in the immediate vicinity of Ag NPs carrying the chromophores was evaluated. The optical features and structure of the ...
Sommer Werner - - 2012
Although there is abundant evidence for female superiority in Face Cognition (FC), a number of questions regarding sex differences remain to be addressed. Here we report a reanalysis of data on the level of latent factors, modeled on the basis of an extensive test battery applied to three samples of ...
Colbeck Gabriel J GJ Département de biologie, Pavillon Vachon, Université Laval, 1045 avenue de la Médecine, Québec, Québec, - - 2013
Social structure involving long-term associations with relatives should facilitate the learning of complex behaviours such as long-distance migration. In and around Hudson Bay (Canada), three stocks of beluga whales form a panmictic unit, but have different migratory behaviours associated with different summering areas. We analysed genetic variation at 13 microsatellite ...
Zhou Kun - - 2012
The first macrocycle-based high-nuclearity nanocluster [Ag(20)(S(t)Bu)(10)(CF(3)COO)(2)](8+) in complex , with a sandwich-like structure constructed by bilevel inversion Ag(5)S(5) pentagrams and an interlayer Ag(10) ring, has been obtained. Structure analysis indicates that Cl(-) acts as an anion template to direct the formation of . In addition, the photoluminescent property of complex ...
Schriever Valentin A VA Smell and Taste Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Dresden Medical School, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307, Dresden, - - 2013
The study aimed to investigate the volume of the olfactory bulb in smokers. Specifically, we wanted to see whether environmental influences may exert a negative influence on OB structure. Twenty-one smokers and 59 non-smokers, matched for age and sex, underwent olfactory testing by means of the Sniffin' Sticks testing device ...
Schillinger Kurt J - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most commonly encountered cardiac arrhythmia, and is a significant source of healthcare expenditures throughout the world. It is an arrhythmia with a very clearly defined predisposition for individuals of advanced age, and this fact has led to intense study of the mechanistic links between aging ...
Wattanakanjana Yupa - - 2012
The dinuclear title complex, [Ag2(C6H7N2S)2(C18H15P)2], comprises two inversion-related [Ag(C6H7N2S)(C18H15P)] units. The pyrimidine-thiol-ate anion acts both as a bridging and a chelating ligand. The Ag(I) ions are linked via two μ2-S donor atoms, which generate a strictly planar Ag2S2 core with an Ag⋯Ag separation of 2.9569 (4) Å. The Ag(I) ion presents a ...
Jiang Jianwei - - 2012
An efficient route for the assembling of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) onto solution phase Ag(palmitate) bilayer structure has been developed. Two dimension (2D) arrays of Ag NPs on Ag(palmitate) were prepared by treating palmitate stabilized Ag NPs with the as-synthesized Ag(palmitate) or ribbon-shaped Ag(palmitate) templates. The interaction between long chain carboxylate ...
Cannizzaro Michael S - - 2012
This study examined the narrative discourse production and executive function (EF) abilities of 46 neuro-typical adults (18-98 years old). Two questions were addressed: Is the analysis of narrative structure sensitive to changes associated with aging? & What is the relationship between measures of narrative structure and EF? Narratives were elicited under ...
Zang Yashu - - 2012
Periodic Ag nanoball (NB) arrays on ZnO hollow nanosphere (HNS) supporting structures were fabricated in a large area by a laser irradiation method. The optimized laser power and spherical supporting structure of ZnO with a certain size and separation were employed to aggregate a sputtering-deposited Ag nano-film into an ordered, ...
Lin Chi-Kai - - 2012
We report a transformative, all inorganic synthesis method of preparing supported bimetallic Pd(3)Ag alloy nanoparticles. The method involves breaking down bulk Pd(3)Ag alloy into the nanoparticles in liquid lithium, converting metallic Li to LiOH, and transferring Pd(3)Ag nanoparticles/LiOH mixture onto non-water-soluble supports, followed by leaching off the LiOH with water ...
Maillet David - - 2012
Functional neuroimaging studies have consistently reported age-related changes in prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity during a variety of cognitive tasks, including episodic memory. These changes are often interpreted within the context of one of the following three neural models of age-related changes in brain function: dedifferentiation, neural inefficiency, and neural plasticity ...
Dunkman Andrew A AA The McKay Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania, 424 Stemmler Hall, 3450 Hamilton Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
The aging population is at an increased risk of tendon injury and tendinopathy. Elucidating the molecular basis of tendon aging is crucial to understanding the age-related changes in structure and function in this vulnerable tissue. In this study, the structural and functional features of tendon aging are investigated. In addition, ...
Gaysina Darya - - 2012
Genetic variation in the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene (COMT) can influence cognitive function, and this effect may depend on developmental stage. Using a large representative British birth cohort, we investigated the effect of COMT on cognitive function (verbal and non-verbal) at ages 8 and 15 years taking into account the possible modifying ...
Aslam Tariq - - 2012
Several lines of evidence from in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that specific micronutrients may have beneficial effects in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Such effects appear to be complex and may include filtering short wavelength light and attenuating oxidative and inflammatory damage as well as other structural and physiological ...
Tsuya Noriko O - - 2012
The paper examines changes in the relationship between employment and household tasks of Japanese couples, using data drawn from national cross-sectional surveys in 1994, 2000 and 2009 of persons aged 20-49 and from the 2009 follow-up of the 2000 survey. Wives' employment is structured by their husbands' employment time and ...
Schalke Daniela - - 2012
The present longitudinal study tackled 2 key aspects of the development of intelligence across a 40-year time period from age 12 to age 52 concerning (a) stability and change in the structure of intelligence with reference to the age differentiation-dedifferentiation hypothesis (how different cognitive abilities relate to each other across ...
Dougherty Michael K MK University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7160, USA. - - 2012
Schizophrenia has been associated with reduced volumes of subcortical structures on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), but the relation of these reductions to familial risk for the disorder is unclear. We investigated the effect of familial risk for schizophrenia on regional subcortical volumes during adolescence, a period marked by steep maturational ...
Zhang Zhe - - 2012
Mussels have been shown to attach to virtually all types of inorganic and organic surfaces via their adhesive proteins. The adhesive proteins secreted by mussels contain high concentrations of catechol and amine functional groups, which have similar functional groups with polydopamine (PDA). Inspired by mussels, a mild and environmentally friendly ...
Kazakia Galateia J GJ Musculoskeletal Quantitative Imaging Research Group, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
While the importance of cortical structure quantification is increasingly underscored by recent literature, conventional analysis techniques obscure potentially important regional variations in cortical structure. The objective of this study was to characterize the spatial variability in cortical geometry and microstructure at the distal radius and tibia using high resolution peripheral ...
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